Adapter for a heavy power tiller with his own hands
Make an adapter for power tiller with your own hands. Step by step instructions, drawing
September 04, 0 reviews
A single-axle tractor is a widespread and popular special equipment, which will save a lot of time and effort to any tiller. This machine can work all year round, in spring. to plant crops, in summer. to gather crops, in fall. to clear the road from garden debris, in winter. to remove snow. The only inconvenience in controlling a power tiller is to drag it in front of you holding on to the two handles with enough force to. Facilitate the process of working with your power tiller will help special attachments, the name of which. adapter. What is an adapter to a power tiller?? This is a cart with a seat with the help, which can perform the work just like a tractor, t.е sitting. Today not everyone can buy an adapter for power tiller. So, we suggest not getting discouraged and taking things into your own hands literally. We tried to go as much as possible to meet all the needs of farmers and farmers. It’s time to make an adapter to the power tiller with your own hands! Let’s get acquainted!
Types of adapters for power tillers
When choosing an adapter, you should pay attention to the design of the equipment, should fully meet the requirements of the user.
How to make an adapter to a power tiller with your own hands?
Self-made adapter for power tiller will not require from you special financial and material costs or specific knowledge. It will be enough to think over the drawings and dimensions, to get some materials and an appropriate set of tools.
The necessary minimum of devices for self-assembly of the adapter to the power tiller is as follows:
- metal corners;
- metal profile square;
- 2 wheels of the correct size;
- Dense sheets of metal (for support under the legs);
- Small hand tools (screwdriver, saw, tape measure, etc.). д.).
At the beginning of the article we gave you a general idea of how the adapter should look like. Now for more details about the other basic elements of its design.
- Frame. The main component of the future equipment. Some of the adapters are designed to be combined with a power tiller into one whole, but such an adapter requires rearrangement of the power tiller as well (a new stand for engine will be needed).
- hitch. Provides stability and reliability of the whole structure. You should consider the type of hitch depending on the type of adapter. If the adapter will have a steering wheel, the hitch must be rigid. If the coupling is movable, the hitch should be pivoting, on a horizontal pivot.
- Seat. Is created or is a prefabricated product based on the designer’s preferences.
- Control system. Suitable for rigid hitches. You can also weld it yourself or buy it.
The drawings below show in detail the dimensions of the construction of the adapter, as well as its main connecting nodes.
Step by step assembly of the adapter
After the necessary drawings and dimensions of parts are thought over, materials are found and tools are prepared, you can proceed directly to the assembly of the adapter.
- About 180 cm long piece of square steel profile should be perpendicularly welded to a 60 cm long piece of metal profile. This is the part that will be anchored to the wheels. The height of the wheel stands must be no less than 30 centimeters.
- Let’s weld the struts to the main frame and the wheel bushes.
- The size of the main frame will be about 40×40 cm, which can vary depending on the individual wishes of the constructor. A channel is welded to the rear edge of the frame Side tubes are fastened with reliable bolts.
- Then the control lever is welded to the frame. To increase the steering effort, the lever can have one or more bends with a length of about 70-80 cm. The elbows are bolted together.
- As a support under the seat you can use a tube of about 30-40 cm, which is firmly welded to the main frame.
- Welding a hitch to a power tiller.
We suggest you also read the video, which demonstrates different types of adapters and their features for motor blocks of several well-known brands.
Assembling a simple design
A simple adapter model is a metal frame. It is made of a rectangular tube 1.7 meters long. At one end of the tube is welded perpendicularly a 0.5 meter long tube, which will serve as a base for mounting the racks under the adapter wheels. The height of the struts from the wheel axis to the top point is 0.3 meter.
To make the construction, you can use the wheels taken from a garden cart. They can be mounted on sleeves, which are easy to make on a common lathe. On ready coupling bushings put bearings of appropriate size
After that, you need to attach the struts to the central tube and the adapter’s wheel bushings by welding. The length depends on the angle of the frame. The square adapter frame can also be made in any size. In our case it is a 0,4×0,4 meter frame. For the arrangement of attachments to the rear end of the frame welded channel 0 length 0.4 meter. Assembly and connection of the side tubes is carried out using bolts.
A lever is also welded to the frame for adjustment. It has three “bends” with lengths of 20, 30 and 50 cm. To increase the applied force, the adjusting lever is equipped with an additional 75 cm long lever. You can buy the hitch in a store or make it yourself. Regardless of whether it is a production model coupling or self-made, special attention should be paid to its reliability. Its quality determines the lifetime of the attachment.
The seat is placed on the metal support, which is welded to the central tube. Adapter ready for use.
Setting up a multifunctional model
To make a multi-purpose device, you need to prepare:
Such an adapter is a multifunctional model. It can be used for basic farming work and transporting goods over rough terrain over short distances. It is possible to equip the structure with such agricultural implements as plow, harrow, hoe, potato digger. In the winter months, a snow scraper can be attached to the adapter.
The main elements of the equipment are: frame and hitch devices, as well as wheel set and seats
There are several steps involved in making your own adapter at home.
Step #1. making a kinematic diagram
To ensure the equilibrium of the structure and to prevent additional overloads at the design stage it is necessary to make a kinematic scheme. You can make it yourself or use a premade version.
This scheme is designed for the manufacture of an adapter, designed to work on the “Neva” power tiller
Stage #2. making the main parts
When making and assembling the frame, it is important to provide for a fork with a bushing. It is necessary to ensure the free rotation of the trailer.
The frame is made of metal pipes and angles
The body of the construction is made of steel sheet. The height of its sides should be not less than 30 cm.
The following diagram can be used for making the racks for the adapter‘s wheels
The simplest variant of making a hitch construction is a 15 cm long pin, which is poked into the hole in the drawbar of the U-shaped motor-block “towbar. The disadvantage of this option is the rapid wear and tear: the coupling holes are quickly broken by the freely rotating trailer. It is desirable to lengthen the U-shaped chain to reduce wear.
Step #3. installing the seat
On the ridge frame of the adapter beam, 80 cm away from the front edge, fix the seat. It is fixed with bolts. The adaptor is ready. All that’s left to do is to check that the multifunctional device is working properly.
Adapter for a motor-block Neva: drawings of a homemade device
Maintaining and tilling large areas of agricultural land is a cumbersome task. It implies the need for small-scale mechanization, which is available to small farmers. For example, we use power tillers and other equipment. This greatly simplifies the process of tilling and cultivating the land. And to use such technical means more comfortably it is recommended to buy or build a front adapter for power tillers. It allows you to simplify the use of the machine.
Adapter for power tiller Neva. this is an additional module that allows you to use the device to ride on it, by equipping a special place for the operator and connecting the second wheel pair to the machine. The result is a four-wheeled, single-axle tractor with a steering wheel that can be used as a mini-tractor. You can make such attachments by your own hands or buy ready-made versions designed for specific models. In addition, it is possible to use special attachments for potato plowing, plow and other devices. This adapter reduces the time and labor required to perform certain farming tasks.
Such options of additional equipment allow the use of a single-axle tractor as a minitractor by installing a steering mechanism, a second pair of wheels, and a seat for the driver at the front of the motorized tractor. In such a situation, the factory engine power of the machine itself is preserved. The attachment is made by means of a hitch on the back of the adapter. The design can be completely disassembled, which greatly simplifies the process of transporting such agricultural machinery. On average, the parameters of a front adapter are as follows:
- Height/width/height is 1.9/0.81/1.4 m.
- Clearance. 0.75 m.
- Wheel spacing on one axle. 0.75 m.
- Total weight of construction 65 kg.
Area of application
The use of an adapter makes an ordinary power tiller into a multipurpose and multifunctional device. The machine can be operated from a sitting position, which greatly facilitates the operator’s work. In addition, the accuracy of performing work and stability of the power tiller increases. Very convenient to have a detachable steering mechanism at the front. Complete with various attachments there is an opportunity to apply the unit to perform these types of work:
How to make a front adapter with your own hands
If you have a minimum of skills with simple tools, as well as the ability to use the drawing, you can easily make a homemade adapter, like KTZ for power tillers.
The main parts of such a unit are:
- The operator’s workplace.
- Suspension, which can be axle, axle, portal, as well as rotary.
- Hard-grip steering.
Due to the front location of the device, it is equipped with a place to attach the blade (if the rear version is used, it creates a portal for the use of attachments).
The most important element of such a design is the hitch, which is necessary in order to ensure a quality attachment of the adapter to the power tiller itself. It also provides the right amount of stability for the future four-wheeler. Carry-over steering with a rigid hitch. If the sectional angle for the swivel unit is changed, it is necessary to ensure that the swivel mounts horizontally.
The very order of actions for the construction of a homemade adapter is as follows:
- An off-the-shelf kinematic scheme is created independently or used, adapted to a certain variant. The most important condition here is to ensure that the future structure is in the right balance.
- The main frame is then assembled. It is made on the principle of a fork with a bush to enable it to swivel.
- The wheels with a steering mechanism are connected to the front part, and a mount is created, to which the mouldboard will be connected in the future.
- A seat is mounted on the frame, next to which a mechanism with a remote control of the power tiller is installed.
- At the end the whole structure is checked and tested to find faults or various shortcomings.
Before using it, it is recommended to paint all metal parts to protect them from rust.
The use of adapters for power tillers makes it possible to turn them into a full-fledged mini-tractor, thereby significantly expanding their range of application. Increases productivity and ease of use. You can buy such units ready-made for specific motor blocks or build them yourself after preparing a scheme-drawing.
Classify adapters with steering can be based on the type of arrangement of the wheels. The steering gear is designed as a separate unit. The wheels with the steering option can be attached to the front or rear.
As for the position of the steering drive, it depends on the peculiarities of design and spare parts, because in the process of operation you can not avoid repair and replacement of worn parts.
Models with a front-mounted adapter are called variants with front steering. In such modifications, the engine is a kind of tractor of the whole unit.
If the adapter is located behind, and the power tiller has to pull it behind itself, such a device is called a rear-drive. In other words, if the adapter is in front of the tiller it is of the front type, and if it is behind the tiller it is of the rear type.
The choice of one or the other variant the buyer himself, based on his own preferences.
For example, the front version is more suitable for loosening and plowing the cultivated soil. Here, in addition to the power of the motor equipment, there is no need to review the site. If you want to hoe the crop, the rear version is better suited.
However, you can look closely at the variant where the adapter is closer to the drive axle. The weight of the operator in this case will create an additional load, preventing the tiller from jumping out of the ground while the machine is working.
Based on the variety, you can classify adapters into body and non-body. The former are intended for the transport of goods, the latter are more suitable for tillage. Depending on the power of the unit, dock adapters with a power tiller through a long or short drawbar. The first modifications are used on heavy equipment, the second is used on light equipment.
How to install?
Let’s look at the installation principle of the adapter with a steering wheel on the example of a model for a motor-block KTZ with a steering column. Docking the adapter to the motorcycle block begins by placing the trailer on the pin of the motorcycle equipment, which is located in its front part. The assembly is secured with a cotter pin.
After that it is necessary to move the throttle to the place under the seat, carrying it with the original cable. To do this, use a wrench 10 and a screwdriver, remove the throttle control lever, remove the top cap under the seat, lay a cable. If necessary, change the bolt, because depending on the model of the adapter, it may be larger than necessary.
Next, tighten the bolts with a 10 wrench. When you change throttle, make sure that the cable doesn’t get in the way. Remove the handlebars from the tiller and unhook the cables for the clutch and gearbox release.
Next, remove the steering wheel, using a stand for the convenience of work. Having removed a rudder, remove a support, proceed to installation of pedals. At this stage of the work a cable with a transition plate, which is included in the set of the adapter, is used.
The plate is installed on the wing of the power tiller and fixed with a bolt and nut. The lever bolted to the cable is put in place of the roller bracket. After that put the second cable, fasten it and hitch it to the installed bracket, fix it to the moment, allowing the cable to walk.
Now you need to install the front stroke on the right pedal. There is no need to remove it for this. At the same time adjust the nodes, checking the tension of the front stroke. Then the reverse is installed.
How to make an adapter to a power tiller with your own hands?
Homemade adapter for power tiller does not require any special financial and material costs or specific knowledge from you. It will be enough to think over the drawings and dimensions, to have some materials and an appropriate set of tools. The necessary minimum of devices for self-assembly of the adapter to the power tiller looks as follows:
- metal corners;
- Metal square profile;
- 2 wheels of the appropriate size;
- Dense sheets of metal (for the support under the legs);
- Small hand tools (screwdriver, saw, tape measure, etc.). д.).
General idea of how the adapter must look was given at the beginning of the article. Now for more details about the other main elements of its construction.
- Frame. Basic component for future machines. The design of some adapters provides for combining with the power tiller into one whole, but such adapter requires rearrangement of the power tiller itself (a new stand for the engine will be needed).
- Coupling. Provides stability and reliability of the whole construction. Consider the type of coupler, depending on the type of adapter. If the adapter will be with steering wheel. coupling must be rigid. At the movable joint, the coupling must be rotary, on a horizontal hinge.
- Seat. It is created or selected a ready-made product based on the preferences of the constructor.
- Control system. Appropriate if there is a rigid hitch. Also can be welded yourself or buy.
The drawings below show in detail the dimensions of the adapter design, as well as its main connecting nodes.
Varieties of adapters for power tillers
The adapter looks like a two-wheeled trailer with a seat for the driver. When installing such a trailer, almost all the work performed is automated. The single-axle tractor itself becomes practically a mini-tractor. In addition, several models have a special lever that allows you to raise and lower the seat, making the work even more comfortable.
Adapters for power tillers can be of several kinds. To make the unit yourself, you need to decide which type will be more convenient and comfortable for the owner. Depending on the type of clutch, they come with steering and movable articulation. Depending on how the main power unit is located, there are two types: front and rear adapters.
This view is on the rigid articulation with the tiller. The steering is represented by a separate unit, with both rear and front wheel options available. The single-axle tractor becomes almost a self-propelled machine, which is quite simple and easy to operate, almost no different from motorcycles or cars.
Adapter with movable joint
With a moveable articulation, the angle relative to the vertical axis between the adapter and the power harvester changes. It is much easier to make such a trailer, but it will require more effort when turning. However, this type of adapter is inferior in geometry: the turning radius, as well as its angle is much larger.
Front and rear adapters
The name itself defines the meaning of the view: front. it is in front of the power tiller, rear. behind. It is impossible to determine which one is better, because it all depends on individual preferences, as well as the purpose of using a power tiller.
For loosening and digging up the plot, the front adapter is more convenient, because here you mainly need the power of the power tiller, it is not necessary to see the plot. But for hoeing beds, etc.п., The rear adapter is more comfortable, because you need to watch closely the work that is going on.
It is recommended to build the adapter as close to the driving axle as possible, because the weight of the driver will put additional weight on the single-axle tractor, pressing it even closer to the ground. This prevents the wheels from spinning.
Adapter for power tiller. types, sizes and designs
Any work you want to do on your own land requires an investment of time and effort. This is the reason why many people buy special equipment for their plots, for example, the same motor blocks. After all, with their help, you can perfectly help yourself on the same site in carrying out many works. But in this case must be equipped with an adapter for power tiller, without which it will be simply impossible to weed, plow the land or remove debris, snow. Yes, if you buy ready-made equipment in the store, it will cost a pretty penny. But after all, if you have imagination, desire and capable hands, you can always make an adapter to the tiller with your own hands!
Dimensions of power tiller adapters and existing designs
The use of power tillers can be simplified to a large extent, making the attached equipment as an adapter. In fact, it is a transitional link, with which the unit is connected with other elements. The automation of work will be great with this equipment. So, if the speed was 5 kilometers per hour, with the adapter it will be 10 km / hr.
Some models have a lever that is used to lift. This, of course, greatly simplifies the management of the mechanism, as well as the movement of the motoblock on the dacha land. Adapter with a rudder for a power tiller can be used to transport loads, for which they are equipped with a body. Their drawbars can be long or short, depending on the main purpose of the device. So, if we talk about models in which the drawbar is short, they are designed to work with power tillers light enough, and, conversely, if the length of the drawbar is large enough, they are suitable for power tillers with a heavy weight. To create an adapter for a power tiller, it is not necessary to make drawings and dimensions, but very desirable. Their presence will significantly make it easier to carry out work!
Many positive statements about the use of this device can be found on the Internet. Particularly common information and materials about the front species. Users note that this device expands the capabilities of a motor block and increases the yield.
depending on the design.
Homemade adapters simplify the life of many gardeners and owners of private houses. These devices increase the productivity of work on the cultivation of the soil and expand the scope of application of the power tiller.
The device will be made with a movable joint
This is the simplest device. The adapter itself will be located behind the power tiller. It is not difficult to make, but the process requires attention and concentration. The quality of the work depends on the service life of the machine. This adapter is suitable for heavy power tillers, such as the Neva. It has an engine capacity of over 7 liters. с. and weighing from 105 kg. This allows you to pull not only the adapter, but also agricultural tools without slipping.
The following materials and tools will be needed to make it:
Electric drill with the necessary set of drills;
- DC welding machine and electrodes;
- Angle grinder with a set of cutting and grinding discs;
- Hammer, file, angle, various hardware;
- Sheet metal no less than 5 mm thick;
- Several profile pipes of size 40 x 50 and 50 x 50 mm;
- round water pipe with thick walls 30-45 mm in diameter
- steel rods with a diameter under the round pipe;
- channel 40 x 50 mm;
- two wheels from “Zhiguli” or “Oka” with bearings and hubs;
- driver’s seat.
The size of the adapter choose any, but based on the needs of the minitool. The frame itself can be made slightly above or below the axis of the power tiller. For wheels, the optimal suspension is gantry, which provides decent ground clearance. You don’t need to install shock absorbers on the adapter. this complicates the design. The easiest way to get a seat with built-in elastic elements.
Next, proceed directly to the manufacture of individual components.
Coupling. It is a welded mechanism, which is a hinge that works in two planes. It is then installed in the base of the adapter frame and bolted to it. It consists of two pieces of 40 x 50 pipe welded together and a piece of round water pipe. The welded tee is inserted into it. The tee itself consists of a rod and a part of the same pipe. This is the most critical component, so the welds must be perfect.
- Adapter frame. You will need a sectional tube and a channel. They are welded together, reinforced, and then the stands for the wheels are made. Next, the struts are fixed with struts welded to the frame and the wheel bushings. Wheels are installed and fastened.
- Several pieces of pipe are welded to the main frame to mount the seat.
- Fix and adjust the seat. It is placed so that when you turn the steering wheel, the operator’s back does not come off the back. There is no need to remove the controls of the power tiller. this is done when the power unit is located behind the driver.
- The finished hitch is installed.
- They hitch it to the power harvester.
Making a bracket for attachments. It is mounted on the rear cross-member. For this purpose, a few levers and rods are added, which will change the height of lifting the farm implements.
Next, a wheel locking mechanism is made. For this purpose they use the ready made braking system from any passenger car and adjust it to the installed wheel hubs.
A single-axle tractor with steering control
With this method, the power unit will be located behind the driver’s back and rigidly attached to the front adapter. Consequently, the coefficient of traction of driving wheels with the ground will increase. This, in turn, will increase traction, which will make it possible to work with any attachments. For such experiments, the lightweight single-axle tractor “Salut”, which weighs about 75 kg and has a capacity of 6.5 liters, is best suited. с.
In this case, a steering column with a gearbox is needed. But this is for this case, if you risk making a single-axle tractor with front steering. This procedure is much more complex and laborious than a simple articulation, but the result will please you. you will get a single-axle tractor with a steering wheel and a seat, and all the necessary levers will be in your hands.
Not only do you need a steering wheel and gearbox, but also steering rods with coulters. The gas pedal, clutch and brake pedals, located under the feet, will definitely be needed. They are connected to the standard controls with selfmade pull rods or steel cables.
On the right side of the seat is installed a lever for raising or lowering the attached equipment, as well as the handle of the parking brake. On the front wheels put fenders with headlights. And the mini-machine finally gets the finished look of a power tiller with a front adapter.
It should be noted that this adapter has a good technical characteristics that allow you to fully appreciate the merits of working on their mini-equipment.