Carburetor Trimmer Adjustment
The increased fuel consumption and the rapid formation of soot on the candle of a brushcutter when using a correctly prepared fuel mixture indicate the need for carburetor adjustment. This describes how to set trimmers with carburetors that have one screw for adjusting the fuel supply.
Flush the air filter before adjusting the carburetor. It is recommended to rinse it after every 10 hours of operation. After that, you can begin to adjust. The example photograph shows the carburetor of the gasoline trimmer PRORAB-8406. The numbers indicate the adjusting screws that we will use.
PRORAB-8406 gas trimmer carburetor adjusting screws
Purpose of adjusting screws:
- Fuel mixture adjusting screw.
- Idle adjustment screw.
- The screw limits the maximum speed.
Start the brushcutter and wait until it warms up.
Start slowly tightening the fuel mixture adjusting screw until the engine stalls or stalls unless you catch the moment. Then unscrew the screw a quarter of a turn if the engine is not dead, or half a turn if it is dead. Start the stalled engine. Check, by opening the throttle, how the engine accelerates. Continue to loosen screw # 1 a quarter of a turn until the engine starts to confidently gain high revs when progazovka. This will be the moment of the most economical stable engine operation. At the PRORAB-8406 gas trimmer, the adjusting screws are turned clockwise, unscrewed. counterclockwise, with some other brands the brushcutter can be vice versa.
We proceed to adjust the low speed. Screw number 2 restricts the return movement of the throttle lever. by wrapping it, we increase idle speed, unscrewing. reduce it. Adjust so that the engine runs confidently at low speeds and even slightly faster (for a better start), but so that the reel with fishing line or knife does not rotate, and before starting to rotate, there is a sufficient margin of speed. If the engine starts poorly, still increase idle speed.
Maximum speed limit
After adjusting the fuel mixture supply and low revs, check how the engine of the brushcutter will work at maximum revolutions. If necessary, limit the maximum speed to the required level using the No. 3 hollow screw. Loosen the locking nut and screw in to decrease the maximum speed or unscrew to increase. After adjustment, tighten the nut. Setting the maximum speed is necessary to protect the trimmer motor from overheating and the ability to use the release key lock to reduce fatigue of the right hand.
In the future, it may be necessary to adjust the trimmer carburetor. For example, if the engine, when operating at full load, starts to pick up revs poorly, loosen screw No. 1 another quarter of a turn. If it is difficult to start, increase the idle speed. Weather conditions and the quality of the fuel mixture can affect the operation of the brushcutters. The vibration can also make the adjusting screws turn themselves.
Video: Carburetor Trimmer Adjustment
The spring may interfere
My first attempt to adjust the scythe carburetor yielded nothing, because the spring of the fuel mixture adjustment screw prevented it. The factory spring turned out to be too thick in a compressed state and did not give the opportunity to reduce the fuel supply to the required level. I had to pick up another spring and continue adjusting after replacing it.
Spring mixture adjustment screw
In the photo above, the factory spring, below the adjustment screw with a selected spring. I am writing about this, because I’m not sure that this is an isolated case, and someone else may encounter the same situation.
From personal experience
Benzokosa or trimmer
A trimmer is a broader concept than a benzokosa (Lawn Mower), since it can also be electric. A gas trimmer and a brushcutter are one and the same.
Some authors claim that the trimmer is a weaker tool, in contrast to the more powerful brushcutters, which can be used to mow shrubs. Personally, I have a tool with a maximum power of 1.7 kW and capable of mowing a small shrub up to 10 mm thick, as stated in the instructions. The user manual is called "Petrol trimmer.".
Fuel mix ratio
I read somewhere that if in the instruction manual for the brushcutter and on the oil canister different proportions of the fuel mixture preparation are indicated, the proportion indicated in the manual should be used.
It did so for a long time. excess oil flowed from the engine to the gas tank and soot was constantly forming on the candle, since the manual indicated the proportion for the engine being run in 1:25, and on the canister. 1:50. After the transition to a proportion of 1:50, the appearance of oil drips stopped. The candle continued to burn, but with less intensity (the carburetor was not yet adjusted).
Until now, some users of gasoline tools determine the proportion of the fuel mixture “by eye”. If during the preparation of the mixture the amount of oil is underestimated, after some time an extraneous sound may appear immediately after the engine starts, gradually disappearing during warming up, and the engine stops with a sharp jerk. Continued operation of the trimmer in this mode will lead to its failure.
In the worst days of working with a trimmer with an unregulated carburetor, the engine stopped starting after using each fuel tank. And only after cleaning the candles from soot could we continue to work.
Fine sandpaper was used to clean the electrodes, and a thin paper clip with a bent end was used to clean the space between the insulator and the body. First, the electrodes were wiped off with a lot of dirt with a rag, then they were cleaned with sandpaper. After that, the candle was lowered into diesel fuel and the moistened soot was scraped off with a paper clip from the surfaces of the insulator, the inside of the housing and between them. Further, the candle was lowered several times in diesel fuel, which was then shaken off from it along with impurities. Sometimes the cleaning procedure with a paper clip and washing are repeated. After that, the candle was wiped dry and was ready for further use.
Incredibly, one tank of the fuel mixture with an unregulated carburetor can be consumed in less than 10 minutes. it was tested in practice when the trimmer was started and operated at high speeds with maximum fuel supply (the adjusting screw was unscrewed much more than normal).