Chainsaw chain lubrication

Table of Contents:

3 reasons why you shouldn’t use a drill to lubricate your chainsaw chain

Many owners of chainsaws believe that any liquid is suitable for lubricating rubbing surfaces and it is not at all necessary to use expensive means. Therefore, every second person uses waste oil for lubrication. Of course, you can lubricate the chain and working off, but the consequences of this can be extremely unpleasant. There are 3 main reasons why it is worth abandoning the treatment of the chainsaw chain with used oil.

chainsaw, chain, lubrication

Possible debris

The quality of the used oil is always poor. And if the new product is guaranteed to be clean and of high quality, then the processing contains garbage of various types: sand, metal shavings, foreign particles. And when the pump supplies such oil to the chainsaw chain, its receiver becomes dirty, which can subsequently lead to a number of problems.

If the chain is continuously lubricated with used oil, there is a high risk of tool failure. In this case, you will either need to replace the pump or buy a new chainsaw. Both are expensive. Therefore, it is better to spend money on good oil.

Cohesion at the molecular level

The used oil can be filtered out and then no foreign particles will clog the pump receiver. But even in this case, it is not recommended to use mining, since it most often contains gasoline, which destroys the molecular structure of the oil and makes it more liquid, which is why, at high speeds, the rubbing surfaces do not contact well.

The special adhesive saw chain oil adheres well to metal surfaces, treating both the top and bottom of the bar evenly. And even at high loads, the cutting elements slide well, thereby preventing rapid tool wear.

Poisoning nature from splashes

During the operation of the chainsaw, the chain oil is sprayed outward. Especially if the tool is subjected to high and continuous loads. Therefore, it is very important that the oil composition not only provides good sliding of surfaces and prolongs the life of the product, but also does not harm the environment.

As you can see, saving on saw chain oil can lead to dire consequences and high costs, which can be avoided if you use a quality product. Today on the market you can see a large selection of oils for lubricating chainsaws, which are perfect for servicing various types of equipment (scooters, lawn mowers, snow blowers, and so on). And it is enough to purchase just one jar that can handle any unit. In addition, today there are many good budget funds.

How to replace the original expensive oil and is it worth

In situations where it is not possible to use original ones, they can be replaced with oil for car engines. Cheap automobile oils such as autol or diesel lubrication options, due to low adhesion properties, are unsuitable for long-term use.

Some owners, despite the recommendations, still use analogs, preferring to change the tire and chain more often, but here everyone decides for himself. Such oil cannot have any negative effects on the lubrication system, which means that the only difference is in the quality of the tire protection against chain friction.

What oil to use to lubricate the chainsaw chain

Storage features

It is recommended to store new and used chains in oil baths. This recommendation is due to the fact that with prolonged exposure to moisture, severe corrosion can appear on the surface. For storage, you can also use working off or engine oils, since in this case it is important to protect the metal from the effects of corrosion.

Used oil storage

we note that only if the basic recommendations are observed, it is possible to ensure the long-term operation of the structure. The cost of a tire or chain, as well as an engine, is very high, and if lubricated incorrectly in just a few hours of operation, they can become completely unusable. Therefore, you can save a lot by purchasing the right chain and motor lubricant.

Stihl adhesive oils

The company’s website contains the following adhesive oils designed for various operating temperatures and having a good lubricating performance:

  • ForestPlus adhesive oil. recommended for use at temperatures up to. 15 ° C, shelf life under storage conditions is 3 years. Supplied in 1 liter or 5 liter containers;
  • BioPlus. its peculiarity is a vegetable base, which allows it to decompose quickly when it gets into the soil. It is used up to minus 15, it is supplied in three, five and one liter containers;
  • The latest SynthPlus oil is characterized by its ability to maintain performance at minus 25 ° C.

Price features of the offered assortments

European chain oils of a high price group are recommended for the operation of professional chainsaw equipment operating in difficult and even extreme conditions.

The cost of consumables is fully compensated for by the productivity of large-scale sawing operations, reliability, almost complete production of the specified service life by the sawing equipment.

Domestic chain oils are mostly produced from their raw materials, imported additives and using modern technologies.

In terms of quality and operational characteristics, the Russian assortment is not inferior to similar products of European brands, but it costs much less.

Chinese sawing sets of the middle class are inferior to European counterparts in terms of wear resistance and durability of operation. This imbalance is partially eliminated by the use of chain oils recommended by the manufacturer, developed by Chinese specialists.

According to suppliers of consumable components, the presence of special additives in Chinese chain oils has a positive effect on the performance of standard tires and saw chains, as well as chainsaw equipment in general.

All of the above applies only to the products of large companies. The advantages of using chain oils for small private businesses have not been proven in practice.

A little about the lubrication of the chainsaw chain by working off

Waste oil is the oil that has served its life in the engine or gearbox of a car. Many owners of chainsaws, trying to save money, use it to lubricate the chain, which results in serious repair costs.

The reason for these breakdowns is the presence of metal shavings in the mining, which settles in the crankcase of the car, and at the time of draining the mining from the pallet, it merges with it.

Once on the tire, metal shavings act on its surface as an abrasive. Simply put, instead of protecting the surface, working out increases the wear on the tire, drive sprocket, and driven sprocket bearing on the tire. Working off also affects the chainsaw chain, in those places where it bends and increases the risk of breaking the chain mechanism.

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Conclusion: to lubricate the chainsaw chain, you need to use original lubricants from manufacturers. It is unacceptable to use the exhaust from the car engine. In the absence of high-quality oils, a short-term replacement of it with clean automobile oils is allowed.

Versatility problems

A general purpose chain saw oil has a relatively unattractive performance. It should be borne in mind that even manufacturers of lubricants do not indicate their 100% versatility.

The wrong choice leads to the fact that the wear of the structure increases by about 10% and the working life of the saw set is reduced.

The above information indicates that there are no universal oil options. That is why, when choosing, you need to pay attention to the operational properties, in particular, the temperature regime.

Choosing engine oil

Saw chain oil is not always used as a universal option. Often, the filling is also carried out for the engine, from which the tire receives rotation. When choosing it, the following points are taken into account:

How to Lubricate Chainsaw Chains

  • It is necessary to give preference only to the versions recommended by the manufacturer of the saw.
  • Mineral lubricants are more popular, as they are more effective in application.
  • Products from well-known manufacturers are characterized by higher performance characteristics.
  • It is necessary to take into account the recommended temperature regime. Some versions cannot be operated at too low temperatures, as this leads to an increase in viscosity. Too high viscosity causes structural damage when operating at high speeds.

Various brands of chainsaw oils

If the lubricant is not added to the engine in a timely manner, then it can wear out quickly or completely fail.

Danger of using counterfeit oil

Cheap lubricants are inferior in their properties to proprietary developments. At the same time, manufacturers of expensive versions indicate that the saw should be used with the lowest load. In addition, you should consider:

  • Counterfeiters accelerate material wear. At the same time, in case of severe wear, the structure cannot be handed over for repair under warranty, since non-recommended oil was poured during operation.
  • Rapid wear can cause the engine or tire to fail quickly. The fuel-fueled engine is a combination of various moving elements. In order to reduce their wear, a certain amount of a special lubricant is added to the structure, which also provides the required cooling. During operation, due to heating and slow wear of the metal, the properties of the oil change significantly. That is why from time to time it is necessary to carry out a complete replacement.

Versatility problems

A general purpose chain saw oil has a relatively unattractive performance. It should be borne in mind that even manufacturers of lubricants do not indicate their 100% versatility.

The wrong choice leads to the fact that the wear of the structure increases by about 10% and the working life of the saw set is reduced.

The above information indicates that there are no universal oil options. That is why, when choosing, you need to pay attention to the operational properties, in particular, the temperature regime.

3 Easy Ways To Check If Your Chainsaw Is Oiling The Bar & Chain

Chainsaw chain oil

Chainsaws are most widely used in everyday life and industry. Features of their design determine that in order to ensure a long service life, it is necessary to periodically lubricate the chain and many other elements. Lack of lubricant can negatively affect the performance of the tool, reduce its efficiency and duration of operation.

Self-selection criteria

Problems often arise when the right branded oil cannot be found. Many experts recommend choosing an analogue from well-known manufacturers that will ensure long-term operation of the device. Among the features of the choice of chain lubrication, we note the following points:

The operation of the lubrication system must be monitored in a timely manner. With the wrong choice of oil, the service life of the saw is reduced several times.

Adjustment of oil density to external temperature factors

The performance of the grease decreases during its operation at the time the ambient temperature drops to 20 degrees Celsius and below. Also, at low temperatures, the pump, which is responsible for the oil supply, does not work correctly. The solution to this problem is often mixing the thickened composition with kerosene. Such an additive provides the required density of the substance, but it is still recommended to reduce the load applied.
If the ambient temperature is too low, the lubrication efficiency of the main elements must be monitored. This recommendation can also be attributed to the fact that the liquid in the wood begins to freeze, increasing the hardness and reducing the degree of workability. Too high load causes rapid wear.
An increase in viscosity makes the engine more difficult to operate. That is why many manufacturers indicate in what conditions a chainsaw can be used.

Choosing engine oil

Saw chain oil is not always used as a universal option. Often, the filling is also carried out for the engine, from which the tire receives rotation. When choosing it, the following points are taken into account:

  • It is necessary to give preference only to the versions recommended by the manufacturer of the saw.
  • Mineral lubricants are more popular, as they are more effective in application.
  • Products from well-known manufacturers are characterized by higher performance characteristics.
  • It is necessary to take into account the recommended temperature regime. Some versions cannot be operated at too low temperatures, as this leads to an increase in viscosity. Too high viscosity causes structural damage when operating at high speeds.

Various brands of chainsaw oils

If the lubricant is not added to the engine in a timely manner, then it can wear out quickly or completely fail.

What parts of a chainsaw need oil?

A modern chainsaw is represented by a complex mechanism, which consists of a large number of different elements. The following elements need lubrication:

  • The chain is the element on which the blades for sawing wood are attached. It consists of a large number of individual elements, movably interconnected. When the device is in use, the surface may become very hot. In this case, the metal due to high humidity can rust, due to which the operational life is significantly reduced.
  • The engine is the part of the chainsaw, due to which rotation is transmitted to the tire. Modern engines also require a lubricant that can significantly extend their service life. Different lubricating products are used to lubricate the chain and the motor, which should be considered.

Filling the chainsaw with oil

The operating instructions also indicate which parts of the chainsaw need lubrication.

When to use special chain oil?

Manufacturers recommend the use of a special chain oil whenever the chainsaw is used. This recommendation is related to the points below:

  • The oil pump may be damaged. This is due to the special properties of the lubricant.
  • The use of waste or other oils for other purposes reduces the ability of the tool to high revs.
  • If the tire is heavily worn, do not put a new chain on it. This is due to increased surface wear. It is recommended to purchase at least four chains with frequent work.
  • It is strictly forbidden to work without the oil being poured into the tank. At the time of refueling the chainsaw with fuel, the tire must be lubricated.

When using a special oil for lubricating the chain, you need to pay attention to its quality, since the composition should not contain various impurities or debris. Otherwise, the oil pump can quickly fail.

Chainsaw chain lubrication

Almost all manufacturers of chainsaws and accessories are engaged in the production of lubricants. Chainsaw chain oil protects metal from rapid wear and corrosion. In addition, the chain oil stays on the surface for a long time even with prolonged operation of the device.

Is it possible to use a working tool to lubricate a chainsaw chain

Chainsaw Chain Oil | Page 3 | Forum. FORUMHOUSE

April 25, 2008. Understand this: that special oils for lubricating oil chains are from the evil one or in the presence of money. Do not defend working off, the soot will not settle in it. l. if as an alternative to use the usual cheap.

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Can used machine oil be put into the chain lubricator of a chainsaw? | Topic author: Nikolay

They said that to lubricate the chainsaw chain, you can fill in any oil, is it possible to fill in the mining from the machine?

Christina Can-it only lubricates the chain.

Leonid S Zaporozhets. no, from Merce. Yes

Natalya You can, only then you will saw with a hand hacksaw.

Alexander is actually extremely undesirable, because, in working off from any machine, there is debris, metal chips and so on. and the oil is supplied to the tire by a pump, which breaks down from this debris, and its replacement can cost up to a third of the price of a saw, so there is no need.

Zinaida Pro tsedi through gauze or nylon and then.

Daria is easy, the only minus is that the oil is dirty, it is better to fill in any cheap mineral or even a spindle, the issue price is three kopecks

Oksana If there is nowhere to put the working off, add it to the resin and coat the bottom of the house. there will be less dampness in winter. Only it must be poured in BEFORE heating, so that possible moisture has time to evaporate, and not splash then Zoya.
And in the saw it is useless. repairing the saw will then be more expensive. You can use industrial, which is for machine tools. they are cheaper than motor ones, and there are no high temperatures on the chain, it’s not in the engine.

Raisa here, take a look at the discussion:

Olesya The experience of ancestors and my personal experience shows that “working off”, if it does not contain impurities of gasoline, solvents, water, is quite suitable for lubricating the saw chain.
It is advisable to filter the “working off” through a cloth before use to avoid the ingress of coarse Dima abrasive into the oil pump.
For optimal operation of the chainsaw, for one bar and one sprocket, two saw chains must be alternately replaced after each sharpening, which must be lubricated with any machine oil to minimize friction of the chain links, sprockets and tires. At the next chain change, the bar must be turned over for even wear. In this case, by the time the two saw chains are completely worn out, the bar and sprocket will also fully expire. If you work with only one saw chain, then by the time it is completely worn out, when installing a new saw chain, you will have to change the sprocket and the tire, since they will have a development that does not correspond to the step of the new saw chain, although they could still work.
The presence of soot and fine dust in the “working off” will not in any way affect the relatively short, in comparison with the engine, service life of the saw chain. Lubricate with clean “Mobile-1”, but the life of the saw chain ends from the fact that its teeth are grinded from periodic sharpening. This is called natural wear and tear. There is nothing eternal. Basically ahead of time, a set of two saw chains, one sprocket, one bar fails in the event of:
– incorrect adjustment of the saw chain;
– inept operation of the chainsaw;
– lack of full lubricant Alla
As for the ecology, when using “working off” as a lubricant for the saw chain, in practice, Lilia did not reveal any environmental disasters either in her backyard or in places of work with a chainsaw in her entire life.
Saw, Shura, Saw.

Vasily is 9 years old, saw and pour only working off for chain lubrication, everything works like a clock, saw Partner 350! Don’t listen to anyone, lay boldly!

Oleg working off from the new car is clean, from the old one is dirty. you need to filter.

You are asking. we answer: chain tension of the chainsaw!

Tags: Can I use a working tool to lubricate a chainsaw chain

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Working out in a chainsaw. Youtube

21 Jan 2016.2 minutes Added by the user Workshop “Sense of tact” Why it is impossible to pour testing into a chainsaw. Which is better for chain lubrication: oil or waste? Duration: 8:16. Sergey.

Lubrication system malfunctions and how they are eliminated

The main malfunctions of the oil supply system on a chainsaw can be divided into two main types, these are general malfunctions inherent in all chainsaws and individual ones, which may differ depending on the type of pump and worm gear installed on a particular model. Let’s start sorting out faults in order.

It is prohibited to use the chainsaw if the chainsaw is not lubricated. This adversely affects the tire, drive sprocket and chain, and can also result in serious repair costs.

Principle of operation

The main unit of the system is the pump. The principle of its operation is as follows. With an increase in engine speed, a gear mounted on the main shaft drives the pump shaft through a worm gear. In turn, the rotation of the shaft creates a certain pressure in the oil line, which forces the oil to move along it towards the tire.

The end of the oil channel is located at the point of contact of the tire with the tool housing, where there is a longitudinal groove, on which, when the tire is installed, its oil channel falls.

The groove is necessary to ensure the supply of oil to the tire, regardless of the degree of chain tension of the chainsaw. Simply put, no matter what position the tire is in at the time of operation, oil will get onto it through the groove.

Further, a chain is included in the lubrication process, on the links of which, depending on the model of the chain, there is either a groove or a hole through which the oil is accelerated throughout the tire. With an increase in engine speed, the oil flow rate also increases.

Some models of chainsaws are equipped with pumps that additionally have a flow rate adjustment, and if necessary, the amount of oil supplied by the lubrication system can be increased or decreased.

This function is quite convenient, as it allows you to save money and not waste extra oil.

Individual malfunction of the lubrication system Stihl MS 180

In view of the fact that the Stihl MS 180 is one of the most common models of chainsaws, I would like to dwell on one inherent only malfunction and describe a way to eliminate it without replacing parts.

Quite often, on the Stihl MS 180 chainsaw, there is a depressurization of the oil line in the place where the oil line from the tank is installed in the saw body. The malfunction can be determined by the characteristic grease leaks on the bottom of the tool.

To eliminate the malfunction, it is necessary to remove the chainsaw handle, remove the hose from the bore, clean and degrease. After all these manipulations, apply a sealant to the hose seat and install it in the chainsaw body.

You can learn more about troubleshooting and full diagnostics of the Stihl chainsaw lubrication system by watching a video that shows step by step the process of disassembling and repairing the lubrication system.

Most common malfunctions

  • Broken oil hose. It can sometimes be detected by visual inspection. The problem is solved by replacing the defective part.
  • Lack of threads on the oil pump shaft, replacing it will help.
  • Defective thread on the pump drive gear is similarly solved by installing a new part.
  • Absence of a corkscrew of the main shaft (relevant for some models of tools, for example, Homelite). You can fix it by installing instead of the native corkscrew, suitable for the diameter of the studs, cutting it to the required length.
  • Blockage in the line. Can be removed by blowing with compressed air or mechanically using a wire of suitable diameter.
  • Clogged filter element.
  • The Stihl MS 180, which has a non-separable pump, often clogs. You can try to rinse in clean gasoline if it does not help replace.
  • In Chinese chainsaws (Gypsy), very often cuts off the grooves on the main gear, through which the force from the sprocket is transmitted to it.
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Chainsaw chain lubrication system

One of the important chainsaw systems, without which work is impossible, is the forced lubrication system of the chainsaw chain. It’s not a secret for anyone that at the time the saw is operating, the chain friction against the tire of the chainsaw, which causes it to heat up and premature wear. To soften friction, the chain mechanism must be constantly lubricated.

  • Chainsaw chain lubrication system
  • Lubrication system device
  • Principle of operation
  • Lubrication system malfunctions and how they are eliminated
  • Signs of a malfunction of the lubrication system, checking its performance
  • Troubleshooting
  • Most common malfunctions
  • Individual malfunction of the lubrication system Stihl MS 180
  • Conclusion

Chainsaw chain lubrication system

To supply oil for lubricating the chainsaw chain, a special pump is used in the tool, which is dosed, depending on the number of engine revolutions, supplies lubricant to the saw bar.

The system uses oil to lubricate the chainsaw chain, which has increased adhesion properties, this is necessary to evenly distribute the oil around the entire perimeter of the tire and keep it on it even at high chain speeds. Let’s take a closer look at the oil supply system implemented in modern chainsaws.

Signs of a malfunction of the lubrication system, checking its performance

  • Chainsaw chain is dry and has a pale shade without shine.
  • The chain stretches relatively quickly.
  • The tire is very hot and can even partially melt the paint.
  • The oil from the tank is practically not reduced.
  • Decreased cutting efficiency on a sharp chain

All of these signs indicate that the lubrication process is malfunctioning. In order to check the oil supply by the lubrication system, it is necessary to remove the side tire of the chainsaw and start it. Further, you need to slightly increase the speed while observing the place where the oil line ends. If oil is flowing in, it is likely that there is not enough oil for proper lubrication and the filter needs to be cleaned or replaced and, if possible, adjusted the flow. In the case when it is not received, the problem is more serious and requires further diagnostics.

There is a way to check the oil supply without removing the tires. To do this, it is necessary to direct the end of the tire towards, for example, a freshly sawn block from the cutting side and maximize the speed, while trying to keep the end of the tire at a distance of no more than 10 cm from the block. If oil spots start to appear on its surface, it means that oil is being supplied.


Manufacturers offer various fluids for lubricating the rubbing components of a chainsaw. The anti-friction material must be evenly distributed over the working surface of the tool and provide good sliding even during extreme cutting conditions. In addition, it protects metal parts from oxidation and covers cutting edges during extended use of the tool.

An important parameter to consider when choosing an oil is its viscosity. It depends on how it will penetrate to rubbing surfaces. Thick. does not get to hard-to-reach areas or freezes in the cold. Too liquid. penetrates well into hard-to-reach places, but does not adhere well to the surface.

The consumption of lubricant during operation can be found in the product passport. It can change up or down, depending on the viscosity of the liquid. In summer, the consumption will be higher than in winter. For this reason, the type of oil is selected based on weather conditions.

Improper selection of lubricant increases structural wear by about 10% and reduces the service life of the saw set.

Engine oil and working off

To save money and in the absence of original lubricants, users of chainsaws use available substitutes: engine oil and working off. However, the use of alternative materials negatively affects the state of the rubbing surfaces. They reduce the service life, lead to frequent sharpening of the tool.

It is impossible to use a working off for lubrication. It contains carbon deposits, metal shavings, abrasive material. All this contributes to intensive wear of the saw set. The only positive aspects of using engine oil are its availability and low price.

What is better for chainsaw chain lubrication: oil or working off?

The chainsaw cutting set is operated under heavy loads. The impact of friction forces in the contact zone of the tire with the chain leads to their intense wear. To increase the durability of the working surfaces, oil is applied to the loaded areas to lubricate the web. It prevents the saw headset from overheating.

A well lubricated chain does not consume engine power. As an alternative to standard types, engine oil or processing is used. This lubrication method has advantages and disadvantages.

Chainsaw lubrication from manufacturers

In the manufacture of lubricants, additional components are mixed in them. additives. The latter are needed to impart the necessary qualities to substances. Saws are lubricated with mineral, semi- and synthetic oils.

Each of the oils has positive and negative sides:

  • Mineral. They have good covering ability, they can withstand increased speeds and loads. However, their significant drawback is low frost resistance (they cannot be operated at temperatures below 25 ° C)
  • Synthetic. They are not inferior in their characteristics to mineral oils, in addition, they retain their properties at temperatures of 40 ° C and below. Their cost is several times higher.
  • Semi-synthetic. They have the advantages of both types of oils and an affordable price.

TOP 5 oils from well-known manufacturers

The chain blade is subject to intense wear during operation. To reduce this phenomenon, forced lubrication of the saw head is used. For easy chain movement, chainsaws release oils, which are poured into the tool reservoir. Their characteristic feature is high adhesion. Such oils “stick” well to the surface of the chain and are almost never thrown off from it under the action of centrifugal forces during tool operation.

To lubricate the sprocket, just drop a little liquid on its bearing.

  • Stihl Forest Plus. The substance is made on a mineral basis in Germany. Poured into containers of 1.5 or 20 liters. The grease has high adhesion, protection of the tool from the effects of wood resin, good preservation ability. Among the disadvantages is the high price and the inability to work at low temperatures.
  • Oregon 90844S. Produced in the UK from minerals. Thanks to special additives, they can work at a temperature of 20 ° C. Low volatility and stable viscosity ensure economical consumption at all cutting speeds. The disadvantages include the high price, ill-conceived design of the canister.
  • Gazpromneft Chain Oil. Universal multigrade oil made in Russia. Designed for the chain, guide, driven sprockets of all types of chainsaws, equipped with both manual and automatic lubrication systems. Possesses good adhesion, protects metal parts from moisture and corrosion. Good value for money. However, users are faced with a violation of the tightness of the container.
  • Hammer Flex Bar Chain Oil. Produced and bottled in Germany from synthetic raw materials. Suitable for work at subzero temperatures. The use of antifriction additives reduces friction and wear of parts. A significant disadvantage is the high price.
  • Champion Bar Chain Oil. Country of origin. Germany. It is based on artificial materials that completely decompose in the ground. A range of additives have been added to prevent wear and corrosion. The disadvantages include the excessively high price of the product.

When working with a chainsaw, you should adhere to one rule. use lubricants only from well-known manufacturers. They are guaranteed to provide reliable chain protection and increase the service life of the saw set.