Chainsaw Oil Than Replace
Chainsaw chain oil
Very often when selling a chainsaw, the question sounds: “What kind of oil should I fill to lubricate the chain?”. The most common answer is: “Anything except working off.” This is absolutely
When to use special chain oil
The use of special oils for chain lubrication will be justified in the following cases:
- You have a new chainsaw under warranty and to maintain it, you must use oils recommended by the manufacturer of the chainsaw. Otherwise, if, for example, the oil pump fails, then the repair will not be carried out under warranty. This is especially true for expensive professional chainsaws.
- You respect the environment and prefer not to pollute it again. In this case, oils with the prefix “bio” will do.
- When working at critical temperatures.
Let’s consider several types of oils from different manufacturers and sort them by price category, environmental friendliness and container volume.
In other cases, it is quite possible to replace the chain lubrication oil with any other than working off. However, there is one more nuance…. Often users have a question: “Why is the consumption of oil for chain lubrication more than the fuel mixture? After all, their consumption is related to each other? ” It should be borne in mind that manufacturers of chainsaws consider the consumption of oil for lubricating the chain, filling in their own brand. And the consumption of any other can differ both in the smaller and in the larger direction.
On many chainsaws, starting from semi-professional ones, it is possible to adjust the oil consumption for chain lubrication. This is done by adjusting the capacity of the oil pump.
If such adjustment is not provided, then the settings come initially from the manufacturer. How to check if the consumption of chain oil is normal on your chainsaw? It is necessary to start the saw, apply gas and bring it to a board, log or other surface that is horizontal. Particles of oil to lubricate the chain should fly off when the chain is running and leave a thin, even oil mark.
Chainsaw chain oil. What and when to pour?
Very often when selling a chainsaw, the question is:“What kind of oil should I use to lubricate the chain?”. The most common answer is: “Anything except working off.” This is absolutely true, but there are some nuances…. For example, sellers often offer to buy chain oils from manufacturers of chainsaws or designed specifically for this purpose. This generally makes sense at low temperatures or when you place great emphasis on protecting the environment.
Chainsaw chain oil brands
- Chain oil Nanotech Standard. Suitable for working at temperatures up to. 20 degrees.
- Adhesive oil Nanotech Premium. For operation at 30 degrees.
- Chain oil from a well-known manufacturer of machine tools and equipment. Enkor. Capacity 1 liter.
- And the last in this category is Champion. Capacity 1 liter.
Mineral oils with the prefix “Bio”
- Makita Biotop oil.
- Adhesive oil Husqvarna Bio.
- Stihl Bio Plus oil.
Branded oils intended for use according to the manufacturer’s recommendations.
- Makita Oil
- Makita Biotop oil.
- Adhesive oil Husqvarna Bio.
- Oregon chain lubricating oil 1 liter.
- Stihl Bio Plus oil.
- Stihl oil 1 liter
Oils packaged in containers of large volumes allow you to save money when buying. Relevant for enterprises with a large amount of work.
Often, the simplest oil of the M-8 or M-10 brand will be the best choice of oil for lubricating the chain and bar. Its characteristics are quite satisfactory for the purpose.
At low temperatures, it is necessary to pour oil with a low thickening point, otherwise, the oil pump may fail.
Performance evaluations of so-called multipurpose oils should be viewed critically. In reality, this is not a very good advertising ploy. To date, no manufacturer, respecting its reputation, has received information about the start of production of 100% universal oil.
Practice has proven that the wrong choice of chain lubrication increases the load on the engine by 7-10% and also reduces the working life of the saw set.
Pro’s recommendations for the selection and use of chain oils
The operation of the lubrication system must be monitored periodically. A lack of oil supply can be easily identified by the increased load on the engine and the smell of overheated wood. The crown and bearing of the driving and driven sprockets need additional lubrication.
Adjustment of oil density to external temperature factors
The use of chain oil at low temperatures up to 20 ° C negatively affects the performance of the oil pump and the durability of its drive.
In the absence of the required material, the problem is solved by diluting the oil thickened in the cold. Dehydrated kerosene is the best solvent.
Such an additive will provide full lubrication of the headset, but it is recommended to significantly limit heavy loads when the saw is operating on diluted oil.
Advantages of automatic systems
Less oil-consuming chainsaws equipped with automatic lubrication systems. Depending on the engine speed, the oil supply is metered by a variable displacement pump.
At idle speed, oil is practically not consumed. Models with automatic lubrication cut material consumption by almost half.
Danger of using counterfeit oil
The performance properties of cheaper counterfeit oils are inferior to proprietary developments in basic parameters. The problem is that, relying on the perceived quality of the product, users operate their chainsaw equipment at full load.
The use of surrogate oils initiates accelerated wear of the material part, in some cases it is the basis for the cancellation of factory warranty obligations by service services.
The problem of how to replace branded chain oil, which is not commercially available, is relevant for many peripheral regions. According to experts, a full-fledged analogue is products of well-known brands Stihl and Husqvarna, identical in basic characteristics. Motor and chain oils from these manufacturers have proven themselves in all respects at their best.
Taking into account the possibilities of the offered assortment, the consumer can make a choice in favor of a more expensive chain oil or its budget analogue. In addition to branded products, the list includes Enkor, Nanotech Standard and Nanotech Premium oils, which retain their working properties at temperatures up to 30 ° C.
Mineral oil versions are represented by the brands Makita and Makita Oregon, identical lubricating characteristics to organic chain oils Makita Biotop, Stihl Bio Plus, which are sold in packaging from 1 to 25 liters.
Most professional sawers prefer one brand of branded lubricants. The constant use of one brand of oil allows you to explore its capabilities and use them with maximum efficiency.
Chainsaw sprocket lubricant
To increase the service life and reduce friction on the drive sprocket, the manufacturer equips this mechanism with a needle bearing, which must be lubricated periodically. Stihl multipurpose grease can be used for lubrication.
If you do not want to overpay, it is better to use an inexpensive, but no less high-quality option, Litol or Litol 24 grease. Due to its viscosity, Litol will easily replace the original one.
It is possible to lubricate the chain saw tire sprocket with the same lubricants as the leading one, using a special filler for this. This allows the lubricant to be pressed in through the technological holes in the tire to the sprocket bearing.
Chainsaw chain oil. Which one to use
You are a recent owner of a chainsaw, and you still don’t know which chain oil is best to use. Lack of this knowledge can have a detrimental effect on the tool, since the type and quality of the lubricant determines how long the tire and the tool chain will maintain their performance.
After reading this article, you will fill the knowledge gap, because we will consider the use of oils, of various manufacturers and brands, to reduce friction between the parts of the saw headset. And we will also figure out what additional lubricants are used to service the chainsaw in order to maximize its service life.
What oil to use to lubricate the chainsaw chain
The answer to this question is quite simple, for this you need to open the instructions for any saw and it will indicate that you need to fill in oil that has a good adhesion effect.
What is it for? The fact is that the chain moves along the tire at a high speed, and if an oil with low adhesion is used as a lubricant, then most of it, by inertia, flies off the end of the tire and lubrication of its lower part does not occur. This phenomenon can be observed with a little experiment. Start the chainsaw, point the end of the tire towards a bright surface and add maximum gas. As a result, oil stains will appear on it, which are proof of the theory.
The company offers its customers Husqvarna Bio Advanced oil for use in normal and extreme conditions. The oil is made from plant components and is environmentally friendly, supplied in one liter and five liter containers.
As an economical solution, the company has Vegoil oil, according to the manufacturer, its consumption is reduced by 40% compared to others. Supplied in a liter container.
The company also manufactures bearing grease, which it recommends for lubricating the bearings of the drive sprocket and the sprocket on the saw bar.
Less common, but popular with chainsaw owners, are:
- Polar Lube mineral. Oleo-Mac;
- Adhesive CHAMPION, sold in containers up to 10 liters, which is convenient for use in forestry;
- Makita Biotop;
You can get acquainted with some oils for chains by looking below, in it a seller of a large network of tools, comments on the use of adhesive oils from various manufacturers.
How to replace the original expensive oil and is it worth
In situations where it is not possible to use original ones, they can be replaced with oil for car engines. Cheap automobile oils such as autol or diesel lubrication options are unsuitable for long-term use due to low adhesive properties.
Some owners, despite the recommendations, still use analogues, preferring to change the tire and chain more often, but here everyone decides for himself. Such oil cannot have any negative effects on the lubrication system, which means that the only difference is in the quality of the tire protection from chain friction.
Stihl adhesive oils
The company’s website contains the following adhesive oils designed for various operating temperatures and having a good lubricating performance:
- ForestPlus adhesive oil. Recommended for operation at temperatures up to. 15 ° C, shelf life under storage conditions is 3 years. Supplied in 1 liter or 5 liter containers;
- BioPlus. Its feature is a vegetable base, which allows it to decompose quickly when it enters the soil. Used up to minus 15, supplied in three, five and one-liter containers;
- The latest SynthPlus oil is characterized by its ability to maintain performance at minus 25 ° C.
How to replace expensive oil
Special branded chain lubricants have the disadvantage of their high price. Buying a liter of other expensive oil is not burdensome. And if work is coming, requiring several liters, or even tens of liters, thoughts of saving will certainly arise. The main thing is not to go to extremes when considering options. You can save on oil to such an extent that you will have to change the chain several times, or even the tire itself or the oil pump.
There are three replacement options. First, you can use specialized products of little-known manufacturers for chain lubrication. But such oils still need to be looked for. In addition, there is a risk of stumbling upon a low-quality product.
Application of oils for automobile engines. They can be used as a temporary replacement, but they cannot boast of high adhesion, so the quality of their work will be clearly worse than special ones. For this reason, it is not recommended to use spindle and diesel oils. The worst in adhesion.
And we must definitely say about one more option. Working off. This is the name of the oil that has worked out its life in the engine, and is drained from it during replacement.
In fact, this is not an option at all. Metal particles are always present in mining. And if they may not damage the chain itself, then they certainly will not damage the oil pump and the entire lubrication system. On forums on the Internet, you can find a “killer” argument in favor of working off. That the Soviet Druzhba chainsaw had no chain lubrication at all and worked. So you can pour anything. And so it will do. Well, Stihl will also work with a working off or even with a non-lubricated chain. The question is how long it will work and how many chains will have to be changed during this period.
Caution for those who have a chainsaw within the warranty period. Masters of warranty workshops are able to identify cases of use of low-quality chain lubrication. Especially when using mining. Repairs under warranty will be denied immediately.
Leading manufacturers of chainsaws produce consumables and lubricants for them, including those specifically for chains and tires. All other things being equal, you should give preference to the products of the manufacturer of the chainsaw itself. But the quality of the best brands is such that the use of lubricants from another manufacturer will not have a negative impact on performance.
The most famous brands are the German company STIHL, the Swedish company Husqvarna and the Japanese company Makita. They provide a fairly wide selection of adhesive oils, among which there are:
- Mineral Stihl ForestPlus is designed to work at temperatures up to 15 ℃. Standard packing. 1 and 5 liters. For long-term work, it has recently been produced in a 20-liter container;
- Highly sustainable Stihl BioPlus is plant-based. Once in the soil, it quickly decomposes without contaminating it. The working temperature is also up to 15 ℃. Packing. 1 and 3 liters;
- For low temperatures, the semi-synthetic Stihl SynthPlus is suitable, working usable up to 25 °.
- Eco-friendly, biodegradable Bio and Bio Advanced. It is presented as a universal multigrade oil. Bio Advanced option. Improved oxidation resistance and up to 10% better lubricating properties;
- Makita. Biotop oil;
- Adhesive Champion oil.
Of the Russian brands specially for chains, there is ZUBR ZMPM-M. There are other, less well-known manufacturers, whose lubricating oil is noticeably lower in price.
Chainsaw chain oil selection rules
All modern chainsaws have a separate oil circuit for lubricating the cutting elements of the chain.
The quality of the saws largely depends on their condition and working conditions. Therefore, companies that produce accessories for chainsaws create special brands of oils that provide reliable surface lubrication.
- What oil should you use
- When and how to fill
- Sprocket lubricant
- Main manufacturers
- How to replace expensive oil
- Oil does not flow to the chain, what are the reasons
When and how to fill
Where to fill the chain oil is clear. There is a separate container for this. In most chainsaws, the size of this container is calculated taking into account the volume of the saw’s gas tank. When both tanks are full, they empty at about the same time. Therefore, it is recommended to fill the full volume of the oil tank at the same time as filling the fuel tank. Then you don’t have to be distracted by topping up twice.
Before starting work, it is useful to check if oil will flow to the chain. To do this, simply point the end of the tire on a flat surface. Some of the grease will fly off the edge of the tire. If droplets enter the surface, the system is operating normally.
At high negative temperatures, summer oil thickens and its lubricity deteriorates. Therefore, it is worth using brands designed for winter conditions. If this is not possible, then it is worth taking the time to dilute the existing oil to reduce its thickness. It is best to dilute with kerosene in a ratio of 1 to 4.
Some models have an adjustable feed rate in the lubrication system. It is useful for correcting in the event of a change in lubricant type.
If the oil from one manufacturer has run out, and the same type is available, but from a different company, then their mixing is allowed, provided that they are used immediately. Leaving such a mixture for a long time is not worth it.
At the end of the chainsaw bar, there is a driven sprocket that rotates the chain. It also needs to be lubricated periodically. For this, thick materials are used. STIHL multipurpose grease can be used. Domestic lithol-based lubricants are also suitable. There is a special hole on the sprocket lubrication tire. You need to pump grease into it with a grease can or a syringe.
It should be noted that with frequent use of the tire toe, for example, when cutting grooves, the load on the sprocket increases and it needs to be lubricated more often.
What oil should you use
It is widely believed that quality branded chainsaw oil should only be used in the engine’s gasoline-oil mixture. However, the choice of oil for lubrication is a simple matter. Anyone will do, as long as it gets to the right place.
But adding lubricant to the chain is half the battle. It is necessary that it hold on to the metal and remain on the lower edge, with which the tree is sawn. For this purpose, substances with increased adhesion are used, that is, the ability to adhere to the surface and stay on it. Oil with poor adhesion will fly off the rapidly rotating chain, splattering around uselessly. Of course, some part will remain, but it is not known whether this will be enough so that during intensive work the circuit does not overheat.
Mineral materials that provide chain and bar lubrication at positive temperatures crystallize and thicken in the cold. This will cause the lubrication to be difficult to feed and the load on the oil pump will increase. Its service life is shortened and it may fail prematurely. In winter, it is necessary to choose synthetic materials with special additives that provide reliable lubrication in frosts down to 40 ℃. In low frosts and temperatures near zero, semi-synthetics are used.
Estimates of the use of different oils for lubricating chainsaw chains boil down to the fact that the wrong choice can increase the engine load by up to 10%. The service life of the chain and guide bar is further reduced.
Due to the fact that in recent years great importance has been attached to ecology, more and more branded oil products are made on the basis of decomposable substances. But during long-term operation, the consumption of chain lubrication can be measured in liters. And for people who are not indifferent to nature, this will be another reason to choose an environmentally friendly product. If not all the same, what your area is sprayed with and what marks remain on the wood after cutting.