Choose a uniaxial tractor for a summer cottage
Choosing a cultivator for a small area
I am very interested in the question of choosing a cultivator. electro or moto. Small vegetable garden, 5 beds, 2 greenhouses. He is inclined to choose an electric cultivator, but there is an opinion that electric. loosens too superficially. in fact no more than 15 cm, heats up quickly. periodically it is necessary to let it cool for a long time. But moto is good, but too heavy, cumbersome, requires maintenance. There is also an opinion that the cultivator cuts the roots of the weeds into pieces, and a new weed grows out of each piece. I would like to hear from those who use cultivators. All the pros and cons.
The cultivator is designed primarily for cultivating land. Additional equipment can be installed, but these are already secondary functions. Why do you need a cultivator? The fact is that for some types of work, even a single-axle tractor will be cumbersome, for example, when working in flower beds, working the land between beds, bushes and trees. This is where the cultivator comes in handy. The weight of the cultivators ranges from 9 to 40 kg. As you understand, even a woman can easily handle a small cultivator (9-12 kg), while not everyone can work with a 40-70 kg walk-behind tractor. Cultivators weighing from 9 to 12 kg belong to the class of light cultivators. Despite their low weight and power, the light cultivators can work the soil to a depth of 25 cm, which is more than enough for quality soil cultivation. Electric or motor-cultivator Cultivators are produced with an electric, 2-stroke or 4-stroke engine. Cultivators with an electric drive do not require special maintenance, oil refueling. Working with such a cultivator is very simple, just plug it in and press the button. With an electric drive, light cultivators are usually produced, which are designed for processing small areas. Here, the use of an electric drive is quite justified, and the length of the cord is quite enough. The main thing is to have where to power the cultivator. The only drawback is the danger of electric shock, but modern cultivators have a high degree of reliability. Gasoline-powered cultivators are more difficult to maintain. Make some noise during operation. Requires special oil and fuel. You can also fill in regular 92-95 gasoline mixed with oil (for 2-stroke engines.), But the wear of the parts may increase. The fact is that it is difficult to guess the proportions when diluting fuel with oil, and due to the fault of poor fuel, the engine runs unstable, wear increases and soot can accumulate. Models with a two-stroke engine are cheaper because more simple in the device. Two-stroke models often have higher fuel consumption. Choosing a light cultivator. A lightweight cultivator will be useful when working on small areas of soil, flower beds, etc. Light cultivators are mainly produced by foreign manufacturers. First, decide whether you will have to cultivate virgin soil with a cultivator. Not all models of light cultivators will be able to cope with this task. The possibility of processing virgin lands is inherent in the cutters themselves, which must have a special design. Passport data, such as working depth, are indicated for normal soils. On loamy and boggy soils, the characteristics may deteriorate, i.e. it will be difficult to achieve the passport processing depth. Pay attention to the working width of the cultivator. For relatively large areas, it is better to have a wider working width. A smaller working width is needed for weeding between beds. The working width can be changed by rearranging or changing the cutters. The higher the power of the cultivator, the faster it works the soil. Some cultivators have a weeding function. The cutters cut 3-10 cm into the ground and crush the roots of the weeds. An example of such a cultivator is the Mantis of the American firm “Little Wonder”. The cutters of this cultivator are patented. They are made of thin, high quality steel and do not require sharpening. The minimum working width can be narrowed down to 15 cm with the help of attachments, for processing row spacings. At the same time, Mantis cultivators behave well on virgin soil. Cultivators can have very interesting additional functions. For example, an aerator, a lawn rake, a brush for clearing slabs on paths, a lawn edge trimmer. Medium and heavy cultivators. There are already more powerful cultivators from 2.6 to 6.0 hp, designed for processing areas of 6-20 hectare. Domestic-made devices are also represented in this class of cultivators. Here, when choosing, first of all, you need to pay attention to power. The higher the power, the faster you will process your plot of land. The next most important criteria are the working depth and the working width. The wider the working width, the less distance you need to travel to work your area. The deeper the cultivator can cultivate the soil, the better the cultivation quality. In this class of devices, the domestic Mole cultivator is very noticeable. Krot cultivators have been producing for 20 years already, and they are constantly being improved. The latest models are often equipped with imported engines, for example. or. Krot cultivators are equipped with a V-belt-based clutch and a gear-chain reducer. Provide a working width of 60 cm. There are many attachments to the Mole cultivators that expand the functionality of the cultivator: a hiller, a plow, a pump, a lawn mower, etc. Similar cultivators of imported production have a smaller diameter of cutters, therefore they have a shallower depth of processing, 18-22 cm. All Mole models have a passport processing depth of 25 cm. It is also necessary to note the domestic cultivator Tarpan, which is equipped with 6.0 hp. engine, and having a working width of up to 1 m. A plot of 6 acres can be processed in an hour! I choose: Cultivator By replacing traditional tools with improved ones, such as a shovel with a cultivator, and a watering can with an irrigation system, you can significantly reduce the time and labor required to cultivate the site. Cultivators are indispensable helpers when performing agricultural work in private gardens, personal plots and summer cottages. The fact is that for some types of work, even a single-axle tractor will be cumbersome, for example, when working in flower beds, working the land between beds, bushes and trees. This is where the cultivator comes in handy. The cultivator is used for continuous pre-sowing soil cultivation (loosening the surface layer without turning), killing weeds, leveling the ground surface, spreading blocks after plowing, loosening the soil crust, uniform mixing of the applied fertilizers with the soil. Cultivators are also yes, ”they are used to cultivate row spacings and near-trunk strips in gardens. The weight of the cultivators ranges from 9 to 40 kg. As you understand, even a woman can easily handle a small cultivator (9-12 kg), while not everyone can work with a 40-70 kg walk-behind tractor. Cultivator classification Cultivators are conventionally divided into four groups, depending on power and weight: ultralight, light, medium and heavy. Ultra-light motor-cultivators have an engine power of up to 1.5 liters. from. and weight up to 15 kg (some manufacturers classify models weighing up to 20 kg and power up to 3 liters. from this class). They loosen the soil by a maximum of 8 cm and are quite suitable for processing small areas (flower beds, flower beds, etc.). The working width (20-30 cm) makes these cultivators very mobile and allows you to work in narrow aisles and hard-to-reach places, performing both loosening and weeding. They are equipped with either a two-stroke engine running on a mixture of gasoline and oil, or a light four-stroke engine running on pure gasoline. The four-stroke engine has a number of advantages: it consumes less fuel, makes less noise, and has much lower vibration. Ultralight models are equipped with removable handles, which allows them to be transported in a backpack on public transport or in the trunk of a car. Light motor cultivators with engine power from 2.5 to 4.5 liters. from. and weighing up to 40 kg loosen the soil by 15-18 cm. Their grip width is greater. 40-50 cm, therefore the productivity is one and a half. two times higher than that of super-light ones. Such cultivators, equipped with a small hiller, can be used quite effectively to cut furrows for planting various crops. However, the light weight of the models of the light class has an undesirable effect: they “jump” when entering the ground. Medium cultivators weigh 45-60 kg and are equipped with a 4-6 hp engine. from. Due to their greater weight, medium cultivators are more stable than light ones, so they are more comfortable to work with. They not only have a wider grip of the cutters (40-85 cm), but also the cutters of a larger diameter. Accordingly, the depth of processing is also greater. 25-28 cm. However, the advantage of a wide grip becomes a disadvantage when working in narrow places. a site. Medium cultivators, like most light ones, have four-stroke engines. In addition to the forward gear, they can also have a reverse gear (for ease of maneuvering in small areas). Middle class motor-cultivators can work not only with a hiller, but also with a small plow. To provide the required tractive effort for the plow or hiller, instead of cutters, metal wheels with grousers are installed on the gearbox shaft. Heavy cultivators include motor cultivators weighing more than 60 kg and with a capacity of 6 liters. from. They are equipped with four-stroke engines and have a gearbox that allows you to significantly expand the range of applications. They can be mounted on: a reversible plow, a row cultivator, etc., as well as towed carts with a load of up to 300 kg. Heavy motor cultivators are suitable for processing not only small summer cottages, but also large vegetable gardens. Those who believe that it is necessary to exert great physical effort to work with such units are mistaken. In fact, take off it is easy to work: its own weight is enough to effortlessly pull a plow, digger, trailer, etc. Heavy models provide the largest number of attachments.
And in the photo Viking445, a great car! I use it myself and enjoy it
Do not torment, share
Hello Gennady. I agree, VIKING is very good, although one can argue about its irreplaceability, it sometimes lacks functionality, does not work with attachments, I myself have been using them since 2012, bought attachments for planting potatoes in furrows, the cultivator did not pull And about your video, when watching I saw two nuances: 1. Your cultivator asks for service, (the characteristic whistle-crunch when the forward gear is turned on), manifests itself in the second or third year of operation), you can also eliminate it yourself. 2. As I understand it, you do not fold the transport wheels upwards during operation, as the instruction recommends. What is it-personal experience?
now I can’t sell
seems to be so necessary
How to choose a single-axle tractor: gasoline or diesel?
Most motoblocks are equipped with gasoline 4-stroke engines. Gasoline walk-behind tractors have an excellent price-performance ratio and many advantages: low noise level, all-season use, inexpensive repair and maintenance.
There are also disadvantages to a gasoline engine. In terms of power and labor resources, they are inferior to diesel engines. Gasoline engines have only air cooling. Therefore, it is not advisable to use gasoline walk-behind tractors in large areas for many hours a day.
The diesel engine has many advantages: high tractive effort, economical fuel consumption, ease of repair due to design features. So that such a motor does not overheat during intensive use, not only air, but also water cooling is provided.
The disadvantages of a diesel engine include a high price, increased fuel requirements in winter, a higher noise level compared to a gasoline engine.
The light class includes equipment with a capacity of up to 6.5 hp. and weighing in the range of 50-100 kg. Such a single-axle tractor is suitable for owners of a small plot. up to 15 acres. Benefits: economical fuel consumption, easy assembly and operation.
The 2020 NEW HOLLAND TD4 90F tractor
Disadvantages: a limited list of attachments, mainly for plowing and cultivating the land (weights, plows, hillers, potato planters, etc.). Models are equipped with removable cutters. Not all motoblocks of the light class are able to cultivate virgin lands. this must also be taken into account when choosing a uniaxial tractor for the garden.
Types of motoblock gearboxes
The worm gear is found on light motoblocks with a vertical shaft. It is compact, lightweight, and has a low cost. This gearbox is suitable for working with already cultivated land. For virgin lands, the use of a worm gear is not recommended, since it is not designed for heavy loads. Another disadvantage is the lack of reverse gear.
The chain reducer is most popular among the owners of walk-behind tractors. At a low cost, this working unit demonstrates an optimal efficiency indicator, suitable for work of varying complexity. An important advantage is maintainability and easy maintenance.
The gear reducer is installed on heavy equipment. It is designed for long-term intensive loads, has an increased service life, and is made of durable alloys. a single-axle tractor with such a gearbox is indispensable when cultivating virgin lands and processing large areas. Among the disadvantages is the high price of this work node.
Gear-chain reducer. combined version. Has improved performance, suitable for difficult operation, while not greatly increasing the cost of the walk-behind tractor.
How to choose an inexpensive and reliable single-axle tractor?
Motoblocks are a complex technique, so we recommend that you get detailed advice from specialists before buying.
Cars with power from 6.5 to 10 hp. belong to the middle class. Such models are suitable for cultivation of virgin land and hard soil.
The presence of a power take-off shaft (PTO) on such motoblocks ensures the connection of any attachments for year-round operation (rotary mowers, snow blades and brushes for snow removal, trailers, etc.).
Types and classes of motoblocks
Household and professional walk-behind tractors differ from each other not only in price, but also in a variety of characteristics. All walk-behind tractors can be roughly divided into three classes.
Power vs Agility / Which Logging Tractor is Best?- Log Cabin Update- Ep 10.8
Country lesson: how to choose a uniaxial tractor
When choosing a single-axle tractor for a suburban economy, determine what types of work you are going to perform using this technique. The main advantage of the walk-behind tractor is a large assortment of attachments with which you can: plow, harrow, process and loosen the soil, huddle and dig potatoes; mow and process grass and hay; clean the yard and paths from dirt, sand, debris and snow; carry small loads, etc.
Light tillers (motor cultivators with a powerful engine)
In motor-cultivators (they are already referred to as light walk-behind tractors), which have a more powerful engine of 4.0-7 hp, there are more possibilities.
- Can process rows up to 600-700 mm wide.
- Wheels for such machines are already included, the carts are also spelled out in the operating instructions. Therefore, many are no longer surprised when they meet such vehicles on public roads.
Attention! The main problem with such low-power devices is the limited service life. For some, it does not exceed 400-600 motorcycle hours. Therefore, when purchasing such a power unit, you need to remember that after a relatively short period of time it will have to be changed or overhauled by acquiring a cylinder-piston group, as well as transmission elements.
Many buyers are attracted by the relatively low price, which is the main determining factor in choosing.
Centaur DTZ 470B. the best single-axle tractor for summer cottages
DTZ 470B is equipped with a gasoline four-stroke engine with a capacity of 7.0 horsepower, with a gearbox of 31 speeds (three forward, one backward). The engine has an oil-type air filter to prevent small particles of earth or debris from entering the system.
The delivery set includes a type-setting six-section cutter and rubber pneumatic wheels 4.00-8. On each side of the walk-behind tractor, 3 sections with 4 knives are installed, which allows you to adjust the processing width (cutter grip) within the range of 480-720 centimeters.
To transfer rotation from the motor to the gearbox, 2 V-belts are used. The design provides for the installation of another belt for connecting active attachments, such as a rotary mower, a pump for pumping water, a grain crusher or auger snow blower.
Due to its low fuel consumption (less than 2 l / h) and a large fuel tank, using the Centaur DTZ 470B walk-behind tractor, you can carry out agricultural work as quickly and relatively cheaply as possible compared to other models.
Motoblocks of the middle class
The middle class models are equipped with a 6-8 hp engine. Features:
- They weigh about 100 kg. Heavy models move plow bodies and attachments. Trailers are used for delivery to the desired area; it is difficult to put such a uniaxial tractor in the trunk of a car. This agricultural transport moves under its own power, for which a cart with a seat is connected to it. The speed is small, the technique can overcome small climbs.
- Equipped mainly with gasoline four-stroke engines. However, a number of foreign companies also offer a diesel option, which attracts users with fuel efficiency.
- Tillage equipment is hung on the walk-behind tractors, which cultivates the soil to a depth of 200-300 mm.
- Width of the processed strip 800-900 mm.
- Less pronounced vibration on the control handles than on light walk-behind tractors.
- PTOs are available with V-belt drive. The power take-off shafts can be located in the center or on the sides of the power unit.
- Deep tread wheels are a mandatory option when implementing.
Tillers of the middle class can work continuously for several hours. They can be equipped with a wide variety of awnings.
What are the motoblocks
Traditionally, walk-behind tractors are distinguished by the type of fuel used by engines installed on the frame:
- gasoline, working fuel gasoline;
- diesel, running on diesel fuel (diesel fuel).
In many models, a power take-off shaft (PTO) is provided, to which actuators can be connected: a fertilizer spreader, a rotary or segment-type mower, a vertical milling cutter and other working bodies. A mechanical assistant is produced without a PTO, but the range of tasks it solves is much more modest than that of an equipped PTO.
Why do you need a uniaxial tractor in the country
When the owner of the site thinks about purchasing equipment, he expects to perform certain work:
- plowing a vegetable garden in spring and autumn, so that the land receives deep cultivation with a seam turnover;
- harrowing and loosening for crushing the soil layer, as well as removing root residues of weeds;
- sowing and planting, cultivation and hilling of row crops, as well as assistance in harvesting root crops;
- mowing the territory, maintaining the lawn in proper condition, making hay for pets;
- transport work for the delivery of building materials from quarries or from a retail network;
- snow clearing in winter.
To carry out work on the presented list, you need a power unit installed on wheels or an executive working body. Agricultural machines of mounted or trailed types will also be required.
The single-axle tractor itself is an energy-intensive mobile tractor. It is of little use without auxiliary weapons. It becomes useful only after the acquisition of agricultural machinery, turning into machine and tractor equipment for a specific purpose.
Information for thought. Large agricultural enterprises use universal tractors and specialized agricultural machines. Harvesting harvesters are a class of narrow-use devices. Tractors are versatile, power-hungry devices with which a whole set of machines are aggregated.
Therefore, a single-axle tractor is an analogue of a tractor of only a miniature version, where you can also install the attachments necessary for performing certain operations.
What is the difference between walk-behind tractors and motor-cultivators
Motor-cultivators are often referred to as motoblocks. These are relatively small power units, which only have cutters and hillers.
Motor-cultivators are lightweight, 15-20 kg. They are equipped with low-power gasoline engines of 2.2-4.0 hp.
- The main working body is a soil milling cutter that will work the soil to a depth of 120-160 mm.
- If it is necessary to hilling, the cutters are replaced with rotary hillers, capable of raising the soil and moving it 100-200 mm in different directions, forming a furrow between the ridges.
- A narrow row of 200-400 mm is processed.
The compact dimensions of the cultivator allow them to be transported in the trunks of cars, on trailers. Some users even use public transport to deliver equipment to their dacha. Lightweight and mobile cultivators are in demand among summer residents. they are very handy for small areas.
Villagers use compact units in their gardens and greenhouses. Larger equipment will not be able to deploy in a limited area, and the cultivator can easily cope with the tasks. Mobile and agile, it will go where the heavy model has difficulties.
There are craftsmen who manage to aggregate a light device with a trolley, turning it into a vehicle capable of transporting up to 100 kg of cargo on a flat road.
Motoblocks of this class are equipped with 8-10 hp engines. There are models with a powerful diesel engine of 16-18 hp. It differs from a minitractor only in the absence of a second pair of wheels and a place to accommodate the driver.
Heavy walk-behind tractors are professional devices. Unlike conventional motor cultivators, they can:
- to process a wide soil strip of 900-1100 mm to a depth of 300 mm;
- carry a solid load of up to 300-400 kg on a trailer, overcoming rather steep ascents and descents;
- the power take-off shaft (usually there are at least three of them) allows you to perform many different works: pumping water, drilling wells, sawing wood, mowing grass, moving snow and other types of work.
They acquire heavy models less often, because their price is comparable to mini tractors. Therefore, potential buyers are often faced with the choice of which single-axle power tractor they need.
How to choose a single axle tractor. selection criteria
Motoblocks, motor-cultivators, mini tractors or electric analogs help to cultivate the land, simplify gardening work and are indispensable for the improvement of plots.
Of course, you can take a shovel and dig up an area to get physical activity. But it is much more pleasant and useful to thoroughly process the garden with the help of a mechanical unit.
single-axle tractor Forte for a summer cottage: the secrets of choosing
Among the equipment for the garden, designed to make the difficult work of summer residents easier, walk-behind tractors are in demand. These are the devices that can take on the most difficult agricultural work. They can function in conjunction with a large number of attachments. One such unit can replace almost all garden equipment. But deciding to start such a miracle of technology, you will meet with the question of choice. there are a lot of Forte motoblocks models http://stroyteh.ua/category/motobloki-kulytivatory.
Depending on the power and weight, all Forte walk-behind tractors are divided into three types:
- Light class. These are devices with a power of 5.5 hp, weighing up to 50-70 kg. Such units are often referred to as motor cultivators. They are suitable for plowing the upper parts of the land in a small area. up to 20-30 acres. A complete plowing of the land will not be done by an implement of this class.
- Middle class. These are devices with a capacity of 4 to 8 hp. and weighing from 80 to 120 kg. These are true Forte walk-behind tractors, which will fit most attachments. The large mass allows these machines to plow difficult soils with a depth of 15 to 20 cm.These devices can plow areas of 1 hectare.
- Heavy class. These devices have a capacity of 6 to 12 HP. Their weight reaches up to 300 kg. They help to make lawns, transport goods, remove snow. If you have a garden with a size of 1 to 3 hectares, then choose a device among these models.
When deciding which unit to choose, look at the type of engine. StroyTech offers devices with gasoline or diesel engines.
Diesel devices are more durable and reliable: some devices have a resource of up to 3000 hours. They stand out for their economical consumption of fuel, low wear of spare parts. The disadvantages of these devices include significant values, contraindications for “idle” work. Such motors stand out for their high price, which affects the price of the device.
A gasoline engine, with the same power as the first, often has a small size. You don’t need any special skills to work with it. The disadvantage of such devices is a small stock of engine hours and productivity, but all this is offset by their low cost.
The engine can be started with a manual start or an electric starter. The second type makes it easier to start the device, especially in winter at subzero fuel temperatures. But electric start asks for the presence of a battery that needs periodic recharging.
When choosing a single-axle tractor, ask the seller about the basic set of the selected device. Its price will greatly depend on this, and you will be able to correctly choose a reliable assistant for work in the summer cottage.
Advantages and purpose
The power of such devices makes it possible to mechanize and speed up all the work that may appear in the country. They are equipped with interchangeable attachments, so they can be easily converted for specific operations, without significant investment of time.
- Ultralight ones have low power, dimensions, capture no more than 30 cm. Such parameters allow them to be used in small areas, easy to deploy, carry, transport. Fits in the trunk of a car.
- Lightweight models weigh up to 60 kg, powerful engine. The width of the mounted implements is from 50 to 90 cm.The most versatile, best suited for suburban use.
- Medium motoblocks. Here, the weight can be 100 kg, the engine can be two-speed, the power is 7 hp. For heavy soils, work on the transport of goods.
- Heavy motoblocks are equipped with a gearbox and can be used as vehicles. For summer cottages they will be redundant in most cases, more suitable for farming.
single-axle tractor for summer cottages: advantages, choice and purpose
Work in the country, on a personal plot takes a lot of time and effort. To get more performance, you need to change technology.
Motoblocks with a gasoline engine are best suited for summer cottages. They are quiet in operation, do not require much effort to move, the steering wheel shakes less. Starting up and taking care of the device is not difficult, even for inexperienced people. Diesel engines in this regard are better suited for experienced workers, on large plots of land.
For summer cottage work, 3-4 hp motors are enough. If you need to transport land, other similar work, then the best option would be 5-6 hp.
The depth of cultivation for most owners of suburban areas does not require powerful units. The maximum indicator in this case is 20-25 cm. The density of the soil in this case does not play a special role, if a uniaxial tractor is able to cope with a layer of 20 cm, then the calculation proceeds from the heaviest clay substances.
The working width in terms of the device indicates how much the surface can capture based on the depth of treatment and the composition of the soil. For a suburban walk-behind tractor, you can start at 30 cm and end at 60 cm.Large values will affect the maneuverability and ease of control.
It is also worth considering the manufacturer, his reputation, the ability to attach interchangeable implements.
Walk-behind tractor engine type
- Two-stroke. The main advantage of two-stroke gasoline engines is their high power, therefore motoblocks equipped with them are usually able to loosen virgin soil (trampled soil) well. However, unlike four-stroke engines, this type of engine consumes more fuel (about 30% more compared to a four-stroke engine with a similar power). In addition, you need to prepare a gasoline-oil mixture, which is poured into the fuel tank. If you add less oil than is required in proportions (indicated on the package), the piston system will wear out quickly, and if you add too much oil, the engine will smoke. Due to the above disadvantages, many manufacturers are switching to the installation of four-stroke or diesel engines, so there are fewer two-stroke models on the market. It is worth purchasing a two-stroke uniaxial tractor only if you plan to deal exclusively with the cultivation of small plots or flower beds. for sabbages on arable land, it is better to take a four-stroke or diesel model.
- Four-stroke (gasoline). The most popular type of gasoline engines for walk-behind tractors and cultivators. Depending on the power of the model, walk-behind tractors with similar engines are used for processing land plots from 5 to 20 acres. At the same time, due to the design features, the engines almost never overheat, so they are very convenient to use in the warm season. The principle of their operation consists of four steps: the fuel mixture is fed into the cylinder, then the mixture is compressed by the piston, after which it ignites from the candle, and the burnt waste is discharged through the valve. Here, oil and gasoline are poured into separate tanks, eliminating the need for the user to monitor the proportions. At the same time, the noise performance of the four-stroke models is much lower than that of the two-stroke ones. Among other things, they have a much lower consumption of gasoline and oil for lubrication (depending on the model). However, in almost all cases, with equal power indicators, four-stroke units will be heavier than two-stroke ones. If two-stroke models do not exceed thirty kilograms, then four-stroke models can weigh more than a centner. And weight directly affects operator fatigue.
- Diesel (four-stroke). Diesel models are powerful units designed for plowing large areas, as well as for transporting goods. So, for example, the model Forte MD-101E The price is from UAH 27,446 to UAH 41,924 with a power of 7400 W (10 hp), capable of additionally taking on a load up to 500 kg. Due to such traction characteristics, diesel units, for the most part, can be additionally equipped with attachments, for example, a brush cutter, hay harvester, etc. Practice shows that the piston system of diesel engines is more durable than that of gasoline engines (depending on the manufacturer). Also, diesel engines consume less fuel per unit of time. However, such an engine will cost more than a gasoline engine to repair, and a single-axle tractor itself is much more expensive. Powerful diesel models are also suitable for those who plan to earn money on arable land plots. sometimes this is the only mechanized way in those places where the tractor simply will not pass (it is impossible to drive up to the site or it is surrounded by a non-removable fence).
- Electrical. Electric engines, in comparison with gasoline and diesel engines, do not emit exhaust gases, therefore they are more environmentally friendly. They are also much quieter. However, the range of their action is limited by the length of the cord (you can increase it with an extension cord), and the cord itself greatly interferes underfoot during operation. The power of electrical units does not exceed 2500 W, so they will be of interest only to those who regularly process their own small plot of no more than 2. 3 acres, and where the land is not strongly rammed.
- Rechargeable. These are low-power models for servicing small areas. Their main advantage over conventional electric ones is the ability to plow the ground in the absence of an active power source. Otherwise, in terms of power and noise, they are similar to electric ones. However, due to the presence of a battery, the models are heavier. Also, the battery lasts no more than an hour, after which you have to charge (charging can take up to 4 hours).
Gardening from A to Z: how to choose the right single-axle tractor?
In the 21st century, a single-axle tractor has become an indispensable thing for every gardener, as it replaces several tools at the same time, such as a shovel, a scythe for grass, a hiller, a snow blower, etc. Some models allow you to cultivate (plow) a vegetable garden where the land is heavily trampled, while others cutting mills for mowing grass. Powerful diesel devices can be equipped with trailers for transporting implements and crops. And some models with a power take-off shaft are able to work with a variety of attachments. We will explain what to look for when choosing a suitable walk-behind tractor for a certain type of agricultural work.
A gearbox is a structural element responsible for converting high speed on the input shaft to the working speed of the walk-behind tractor on the output shaft. It also transmits torque from the engine to the wheels of the device.
There are three types of gearboxes used in walk-behind tractors:
- Worm. The cheapest and simplest version of the gearbox, which is installed mainly in models with a vertical shaft. He perfectly “drives” a single-axle tractor on regularly cultivated land, but problems with trampled soil will arise. It’s all about the brass gear, which can fail under high loads.
- Chain. The most optimal option, which combines quality and relatively low cost. Models with a chain drive are capable of operating at maximum loads. The most common breakage is when the chain breaks or stretches. If the housing in which the gearbox is placed is collapsible (i.e. it is not necessary to remove the engine and the drive shaft to repair it), then if you have a spare chain and sprockets, you can easily replace the broken part without contacting a service center.
|Chain type reducer.|
- Gear-type. The most reliable type of gearbox, designed for a long service life. It consists of several gears (usually 6. 8 pieces), made of high quality hardened metal, and interacting with each other. If you plan to use a single axle tractor for commercial purposes and often plow trampled soil, then a device with a gear reducer is the best option. However, it is worth considering that the price for this type is much higher than for a worm or chain (and more expensive to repair), which increases the total cost of the walk-behind tractor.
Design features and additional functions that you should pay attention to when choosing?
Consider the following criteria when choosing a suitable single axle tractor:
- Engine power. Models with power from 750 to 2500 W are suitable for home use only for soil cultivation. If you plan to often plow virgin soil or heavily trampled soil, then you need models with a power of 2500 W and higher. To use attachments, it is worth taking a model from 4500 W, since the power take-off shaft will take the traction force additionally for the operation of the attachment. If you plan to connect a trailer and transport goods, then the option of a walk-behind tractor with an engine power of 6000 W and more will be the best.
- Cultivator working width. The width of the working body depends on how quickly the land will be plowed. A grab with a width of up to 50 cm is more suitable for working with flower beds. The average for a suburban area is considered to be a working width of 75. 80 cm, which is convenient to process 5. 15 acres in one day. If you plan to make money on arable land, then it is best to take a model with a grip of 1 m for faster processing.
- Immersion depth of the cultivator. This is another indicator on which the speed of plowing the land depends. For planting potatoes, it is necessary to deepen approximately 20 cm, and for planting seedlings of fruit trees deeper than 30 cm.Depending on how deep you need to plow your area, it is worth choosing the depth of immersion of the working body.
- Weight. The heavier the single-axle tractor, the easier it is to sink into the ground. However, during work, in order for the furrow to be even, a uniaxial tractor must be firmly held in hands and guided, and it is difficult to operate a heavy unit. Therefore, for a site that is constantly processed, it is better to take a not heavy apparatus from 30 to 50 kg. For virgin lands, it is worth taking a heavier device from 70 kg and more, but at the same time taking frequent breaks in work.
- Active rotary tiller. This is a working body, which is fixed movably on the power take-off shaft of the walk-behind tractor. In the event of a collision with an obstacle, such as a stone, the milling cutter lifts the single-axle tractor and the device continues to drive. A passive cutter (fixed immovably), when hitting an obstacle, overturns a uniaxial tractor, which disrupts the plowing process, and can also injure a person. Please note that for the operation of an active rotary tiller, which is placed in parallel with the wheels, additional power consumption is required, which is transmitted to the PTO shaft (see description below), so you should pay attention to powerful gasoline and diesel units.
Seedlings of pepper and tomato, although they are sown at the same time, and the plants are similar in appearance, but pepper and tomato require different care and a different approach to feeding seedlings.
Choosing a walk-behind tractor for a summer cottage
Motoblocks for a summer cottage belong to the class of ultralight devices, but this division is conditional. The task of such devices is shallow loosening, pre-sowing preparation of the land, removal of weeds, and cultivation of the land after irrigation. the single-axle tractor is a great helper in flower gardens and vegetable gardens.
How to choose a uniaxial tractor for a summer cottage?
- – choose a device with a small power reserve. it will last longer and it will be a pleasure for you to work with it;
- – pay attention to the location of the engine in relation to the implements. Reverse gear will increase the maneuverability of the walk-behind tractor on the site, due to this, it will greatly simplify the work with it. Such walk-behind tractors will facilitate your work;
- – think about what functions you need, and which ones you will actually use;
- – use only high-quality fuel and oil, do not save on this, because repairing a walk-behind tractor can cost you a pretty penny;
- – follow the maintenance schedule: timely replacement of oils, filters, etc this will significantly increase the service life of the walk-behind tractor;
- – do not overheat or overload a single-axle tractor: do not take virgin soil in one approach, do better two or three approaches, but without strain.
It is best to choose a single-axle tractor for a summer cottage with a battery or electric. If you need to cultivate a small area of land, consider the electric cultivator.
The electric cultivator is lightweight. only thirteen kilograms, quite quiet operation, high environmental friendliness. Tillage depth is twenty centimeters, width. forty-five centimeters. The unit is equipped with a strain relief mechanism for the power cable and a plastic-coated steel handle that folds down to simplify storage and movement of equipment.