DIY mulcher for tiller neva

Tiller “Neva” lugs. functions, suitable models and production

mulcher, tiller, neva

Tillers “Neva” not only plow the soil with high quality, but also help to carry out other work in the garden and vegetable garden. For this purpose, vehicle owners often use various attachments, one of which is a lug.

Let’s find out what tasks such an inventory is designed to cope with, and how to make it yourself.

Tiller lug functions

This kind of inventory is a product in the form of wheels, equipped with metal curved plates. The equipment is completely made of durable metal alloys.

Tiller lugs “Neva” perform a number of important functions. They are primarily intended to improve the traction of the machine on loose soil. Apart from this, they are also used for other important tasks:

  • The inventory is intended for better processing of heavy soil;
  • The equipment makes the tiller heavier, which makes it possible to use attachments of a different type;
  • The lug effectively removes weeds with thick stems;
  • Inventory allows a tiller with a loaded trailer to climb the hill faster.

All this makes the lugs for the Neva tiller an indispensable assistant for any farmer. Despite the wide functionality, this kind of inventory is inexpensive, which allows anyone to purchase it.

What equipment is suitable for Neva tillers?

There is a large selection of inventory models that differ in size and material from which they are made. Depending on the model, the fixtures may also differ in the way they are installed on the tiller. In any case, the structure should not touch the equipment, and the bends of the metal plates should be directed towards the movement of the unit. Often, some models of equipment are additionally weighted in order to better adhere the tiller to the soil. Not knowing which lugs are best for Neva trailers, many beginners make mistakes. In practice, the operation of the equipment of the “KMS” company proved to be the most effective.

Each such product weighs about 12 kg. The diameter of the lugs from this manufacturer is 46 cm, which makes it possible to effectively plow any type of soil. In addition to them, the inventory of the “KUM” company is also popular. They are ideal for hilling and deep plowing. The weight of these “wheels” is 15 kg.

Home made mulcher. second edition

Ways to make a self-made lug

Despite the simple design of such equipment, everyone who wants to make it with their own hands must draw a diagram and be able to handle a welding machine and an angle grinder.

This will help to make a sufficiently durable product that is ready to serve for a long period. To work you will need:

There are several simple methods for creating a lug. You can make equipment for the MB 1 and MB 2 tiller models from old car rims or a used gas cylinder.

The algorithm for making unnecessary car rims is as follows:

  • First, weld a metal half-shaft to the disks, on which the plates will be attached;
  • Next, make sharp teeth from another piece of metal plate;
  • Fasten the teeth on the rim mowing line at a distance of 15 cm from each other.

The second method requires more time and effort. Performing it, you should act according to the following algorithm:

  • Cut out 2 discs from the balloon, 20 cm high and 8 cm wide. they will play the role of rims;
  • Next, install and secure metal plates on the rims;
  • Weld steel teeth to the plate, at least 10 cm long.

Once the lug is ready, you can paint it. A layer of paint will help protect the product from corrosion.

There are other methods of self-made inventory. They are not very popular, since some of them require the help of a turner, while others will have to spend a considerable amount of money to buy material.

Tiller Mower

Auto mechanic specializing in agricultural machinery

Most owners of small agricultural machinery actively use all kinds of attachments and trailed equipment, increasing the versatility of their units to almost complete mechanization of most of the work. However, some tasks remain behind the scenes, forcing land owners to perform them manually or to look for additional ways to use their tillers. It is precisely these tasks that include the fight against shrubs and grass that grow after harvest.

A tiller mulcher helps to cope with such unwanted undergrowth. This device has a rather simple design, but it is extremely useful in use. not only cuts off weeds and bushes, but also crushes them, processing them into fertilizer, which is effectively used in growing garden crops.

Weed control is easy with this attachment.

Features of a mulcher for a tiller

The specificity of a mulcher-mower for a tiller allows it to perform a lot of tasks in preparation for planting and caring for them, without making any special efforts.

The characteristics of typical mulchers include the following:

  • the design is designed for an average power of the power unit of 6 hp;
  • depending on the model, it is attached to the tiller from the front or from the back;
  • rotation speed of the shaft and cutting components. 1500 rpm;
  • plant grinding lengths are about 20 mm.

Given the mulcher’s capabilities, it can be used:

  • for processing row spacings in orchards and vineyards;
  • for crushing crop waste;
  • to eliminate overgrowth before plowing virgin lands.

In this video, we will consider a homemade mower mulcher:

Unlike a conventional mower, the mulcher not only mows grass and shrubs, but also chops the plants at high speed, turning them into high-quality fertilizer and distributing them over the soil surface. It can also be used to chop straw, potato tops and any other plants. It is no secret that large fragments of plants, in fact, turn into garbage on the site, because they either dry out or rot for a long time, which is not good for the soil. At the same time, crushed plants rot in record time, and the soil absorbs a maximum of valuable substances from them, enriching for new plantings.

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It would seem that such a useful device should be much more popular among farmers and owners of personal plots than it has today. The reason is simple: in most cases commercially available mulchers are adapted for larger machines than are used in small and medium-sized areas. There are several models that are compatible with mini tractors, but their characteristics require a power plant with a capacity of at least 25 hp, while most tillers have a capacity of 5-9 hp. Therefore, in order to find a mulcher for your farm, you can only collect it yourself.

How to make a mulcher with your own hands

To make a homemade mulcher for a tiller, you first need to study its design. It consists of the following details:

  • frame;
  • casing;
  • conveyer belt;
  • shaft with knives;
  • gearbox equipped with two belt pulleys;
  • two floating bearings;
  • two guide wheels;
  • fastening device.

Frame 85 × 65 cm is welded from corners or metal profiles. After that, a shaft is made. a piece of thick-walled pipe with a diameter of 58 mm (for example, from a drilling rig) and 700 mm in length may well serve as a material for it. Bearings are fixed to the ends of the shaft, which are attached to the frame.

Torque is provided by a gearbox. one belt drive connects the device to the power unit, and the other goes to the shaft.

V-shaped knives are fixed to the shaft. They should be arranged in four rows. The length of the knives varies, so the order is as follows:

  • in the 1st and 3rd rows from the edge, the longest knives are installed;
  • the second longest are installed on rows 2 and 4 at a distance of 5 cm;
  • even shorter knives are fixed after another 5 cm on rows 1 and 3;
  • etc. in a spiral to the middle of the shaft. Further in reverse order.

The design is equipped with two guide wheels, with which you can adjust the height relative to the ground.

After assembling all parts, the device is closed with a protective cover. The material for its manufacture can be, for example, an iron barrel. To protect the legs of the tiller operator, a piece of conveyor belt is secured behind the unit.

A self-assembled tiller mulcher will become an indispensable assistant in processing plants that litter the area. It should be borne in mind that too thick plant tissues, such as corn stalks or sunflowers, are beyond the power of such a device, but it will quite cope with plant tops, weeds and thin shrubs.

Tiller Mower

Auto mechanic specializing in agricultural machinery

Most owners of small agricultural machinery actively use all kinds of attachments and trailed equipment, increasing the versatility of their units to almost complete mechanization of most of the work. However, some tasks remain behind the scenes, forcing land owners to perform them manually or to look for additional ways to use their tillers. It is precisely these tasks that include the fight against shrubs and grass that grow after harvest.

A tiller mulcher helps to cope with such unwanted undergrowth. This device has a rather simple design, but it is extremely useful to use. it not only cuts weeds and shrubs, but also crushes them, processing them into fertilizer, which is effectively used in growing garden crops.

Weed control is easy with this attachment.

The best homemade hardware

Homemade products with a tiller engine (read the do-it-yourself harrow for a tiller) are also of some interest. Among them, the most interesting is the manufacture of a snowmobile. As a running gear, you can use a transport belt on which you need to attach snow hooks.

In addition, the options for making other different types of equipment from the tiller are interesting:

  • All-terrain vehicles. By the type of construction, they resemble minitractors, but they have wheels of a higher diameter. This is necessary so that the unit can pass through the most and difficult terrain.
  • Minitractor. We have already considered this design, which includes an additional part of the frame for the second pair of wheels, as well as steering wheels and a driver’s seat.

DIY tiller tools

I would like to start the analysis of homemade products with the direct manufacture of tillers with our own hands. Here it is not a question that we will make the unit from scratch, because it is technically impossible for home conditions.

The main working units will be taken from other equipment, we just have to prepare a certain base on which it was possible to successfully connect all the tiller’s organs.

I would like to tell you about diesel tillers on 4 wheels, the homemade product of which will be discussed later. In essence, these units are similar in appearance and in their technical data to full-fledged mini tractors.

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The only difference is that the tillers do not have a differential lock, but otherwise they are very similar. both the presence of the driver’s seat, and the steering, and the presence of two pairs of wheels.

It is clear that the alteration will be based on the addition of several additional units to the existing tiller. an additional frame to the second pair of wheels, the installation of a steering wheel and a seat, under which the speed control should be located, etc.

Homemade trailer

Tiller trailers and their homemade trailers are a fairly simple design, consisting of a conventional box with sides, located on a wheelbase.

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To make a trailer ourselves, we need:

  • Protube 40 × 25 mm and 25 × 25 mm. It is needed for the manufacture of the trailer hitch itself, as well as for the manufacture of sides. inside and under the trailer.
  • For the body, we need to make a frame structure from a 40 × 25 cm and 25 × 25 cm professional pipe. The bottom of the body can be made from a regular piece of sheet metal. Pieces of the professional pipe must be welded to the bottom of the body in such a way that a lattice is obtained. On top of these edges, a full-fledged piece of a professional pipe is welded along the entire perimeter.
  • On the finished frame, you need to install a profiled sheet, which will serve as the sides. The height of each side is approximately 30 cm.
  • The tailgate needs to be made folding. We use ordinary latches as latches, which must be attached on both sides of the side. This side is attached to the bottom of the body using conventional hinges from the doors. On the same side, you can install reflectors that act as reflectors.
  • Wheels can be taken from Oka or Zhiguli cars. their diameter will be optimal.
  • The bridge can also be taken from the old Zhiguli. The wheels are attached to it with a pair of bearings. You can fix the bridge to the frame using pieces of pipe, up to two on each side. One ends of the pipe are welded to the bridge, and the other to the body.

How to make a mulcher for a tiller with your own hands. step by step instructions

In order for a home-made mulcher to be as reliable, hardy and shock-resistant as possible, its design must necessarily include:

  • strong iron frame, reinforced with corners;
  • durable protective cover;
  • a piece of conveyor belt;
  • reducer and 2 belt-type pulleys;
  • reliable shaft with knives fixed on it;
  • 2 floating bearings;
  • coupling mechanism for installation on a tiller;
  • 2 swivel wheels.

The assembly sequence should look like this:

  • To begin with their iron pipes and corners, a frame is welded, measuring 85 x 65 cm;
  • Next, you need to make a shaft for a homemade mulcher. For this purpose, you will need to use a thick-walled pipe taken from an old drill. The finished shaft should be 70 cm long and 5.8 cm thick;
  • On both ends of the shaft made, one floating bearing must be installed, which is necessary for the fixed installation of the shaft on the frame;
  • When using a mulcher on a tiller, the torque generated by the engine will be transmitted to the shaft of the device through a gearbox provided in its design, which has 2 belt-type gears. The first gear should connect the mulcher to the tiller, and the second one should connect directly to the mulcher shaft;
  • Leashes must be welded to the surface of the shaft, on which the V-shaped knives must be installed. All knives should be in 4 rows. The longest cutting pieces must be secured at the edges of the first and third rows. After 5 cm from them, on the second and fourth row, you will need to fix knives with a shorter length. Further, in the first and third rows, 5 cm from them, it is necessary to fasten knives with an even shorter length. Thus, all cutting elements of the mulcher must be arranged in a spiral direction up to the middle of the used shaft. The knives are attached to the back of the mulcher according to the same principle, with the only difference that the longest parts must be installed on the second and fourth rows;
  • You will need to attach 2 guide wheels to the bottom of the tiller mulcher. With their help, you can adjust the optimal height of the structure in relation to the ground surface;
  • A casing is installed on top of the frame, which can be made from half a steel barrel. To protect the legs, the operator will need to install a small piece of conveyor belt at the rear of the mulcher.

The finished device can be taken to the site and tested. It is extremely important to make sure that the structure does not have backlash during operation, and during movement it does not drift in different directions.

A mulcher made in this way can be actively used to work with tillers Kaskad, Agro, MTZ, Neva, Krot and other units of domestic and foreign production.

DIY motoblock homemade products, drawings of which can be found on the Internet, are the best way out for those who do not have the opportunity to spend extra money on the purchase of additional equipment.

Considering that the savings are significant, there are a lot of people who want to make such technical means with their own hands.

Specificity of mulcher use

The shredder allows you to carry out a large number of preparatory and maintenance work without much effort.

The mulcher has the following characteristics:

  • specially designed for tillers with a capacity of 6 liters. from.;
  • comes with front and rear attachment to the drive mechanism;
  • the shaft and movable knives located on it rotate at a speed of 1500 rpm;
  • knives are used, made of alloy structural steel, heat-treated;
  • plants are crushed into sections of about 20 mm.

The mulcher has a fairly wide range of applications:

  • inter-row orchards, vineyards, berry plants are cultivated;
  • crop residues are crushed;
  • shoots are mowed (effective weed control before plowing virgin lands).

A mulcher is much more efficient than a mower. It simultaneously mows and crushes vegetation, which will later become fertilizer. Also, the shredder has a high working speed.

Do-it-yourself mulcher for a tiller

Scope and types of mulchers

You can use the mulcher in gardens for processing row-spacings and saturating the soil with useful elements, on virgin lands, in the fields, after harvesting (especially if automatic harvesting is used. harvesting, digging potatoes, other root crops, cobs. with the remains of tops and stalks), and also after any weeding and bushes pruning. It allows you not to engage in additional labor-intensive and inconvenient design of compost pits, with the subsequent delivery and distribution of their contents on the site, immediately providing the soil with the necessary nutrition. The mulcher can be successfully used instead of a mower.

It can be manual or aggregated with tillers. And in the second case, taking care of the fields with his participation becomes much easier and more effective. As the speed of work increases and, of course, its quality.

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Mulcher for tillers, making by own hands

A mulcher (or mulcher) is an agricultural equipment whose task is to crush and evenly distribute harvesting, mowing and pruning waste over the area. It is known that large parts of plants and thin branches are difficult to assimilate with the soil, causing decay and deteriorating hydration, and in the case when they simply dry up, the land becomes unsuitable for plant cultivation.

The assembly of the mulcher is carried out in the following order:

  • The frame is welded from the corner, approximately 85×65. this is optimal.
  • In front of the frame, it is equipped with a hook for connecting to a tiller (any one removed from the old unit will do).
  • A piece of thick pipe of the required length will go in the form of a shaft (0.7m, Ø 0.58 cm).
  • A pair of floating type bearings is installed on it. they combine the shaft and frame into one whole.
  • The gearbox is mounted on the frame, one of its belt transmission is connected to the tiller, and the other to the pipe.
  • Knives are welded onto the shaft in four rows. The long ones go along the edges and in the third row, between them. a little smaller, then even less every five cm.Everything should look like a spiral, but on the reverse side of the pipe, the cutting tools are arranged in the reverse order.

Then a pair of wheels are attached to the frame for mobility. they must be mounted on a hub with an adjustable suspension height.

An old metal barrel is cut in half lengthwise and installed on a frame, covering the entire farm.

9.The final touch is the installation of a protective tape, which can be simply nailed or bolted to the edge of the barrel.

Before operation, the made attachment must be tested for the sufficiency of power and the strength of the connections.

How to make a mulcher for a tiller with your own hands?

First, you should study the design of this equipment. As a rule, among its components:

  • shaft with attachments for knives;
  • fasteners for tiller;
  • a gearbox equipped with a pair of belt pulleys;
  • iron frame for assembly;
  • protective cover;
  • 2 floating bearings;
  • a piece of a conveyor belt;
  • two wheels.

Next, you need to prepare all the necessary parts and materials. Namely: iron corners, a thick pipe (similar to the one traditionally used in mobile drilling rigs), 2 bearings, a ready-made belt-driven gearbox (you can take it from old technology), V-shaped knives of different lengths, a pair of wheels with adjustable height landing gear, an iron barrel cut in half (or something else suitable as a protective cover), a conveyor belt, or other very dense and durable material, but flexible. The latter will serve to protect the operator’s legs.

Output

Making such a useful mulcher for a tiller is not difficult at all if you adhere to the above recommendations. over, he successfully approaches the tillers produced by Neva, MTZ, Kaskad, Agro, Krot.

Mulcher for Tiller

The tiller mulcher is considered a versatile equipment that is actively used in the field, in the garden. Field shredders, depending on the working depth, are suitable for shredding plants (deep type) and plant residues (surface type).

Specificity of mulcher use

The shredder allows you to carry out a large number of preparatory and maintenance work without much effort.

The mulcher has the following characteristics:

  • specially designed for tillers with a capacity of 6 liters. from.;
  • comes with front and rear attachment to the drive mechanism;
  • the shaft and movable knives located on it rotate at a speed of 1500 rpm;
  • knives are used, made of alloy structural steel, heat-treated;
  • plants are crushed into sections of about 20 mm.

The mulcher has a fairly wide range of applications:

  • inter-row orchards, vineyards, berry plants are cultivated;
  • crop residues are crushed;
  • shoots are mowed (effective weed control before plowing virgin lands).

A mulcher is much more efficient than a mower. It simultaneously mows and crushes vegetation, which will later become fertilizer. Also, the shredder has a high working speed.

How to make a mulcher for a tiller with your own hands?

The mulcher greatly simplifies the workflow in the field or garden. In order not to spend money on such equipment, you can try to make a mulcher yourself. You need to acquire the following details:

  • thick iron frame;
  • special protective casing;
  • a piece of transport-type tape;
  • gearbox and two belt pulleys;
  • shaft with locking knives;
  • floating bearing and idler wheels (two in total);
  • fasteners.

As a key part, a knife, disc plates with carbide tips are perfect. These discs come in any reasonable size and are reliable and durable. Also, in the event of the destruction of the knife, it will be easy to purchase a disc plate.

Car parts can be used. They are available and offered in a wide variety (alternator pulley, bearings).

Step-by-step creation of a mulcher with your own hands:

  • weld the frame from the iron corners, it will be attached to the tiller bar and will be able to move along it to tension the drive belt. The frame is fixed with two bolts;
  • determine the landing axis. the mulcher shaft, based on the diameter of the circular saws. An M20 threaded stud can be used. It is also necessary to prepare washers and nuts for the same thread. The shaft is secured with floating bearings;
  • a special thrust profile is welded onto the frame at the level of the mulcher axis;
  • the legs are attached to the shaft with a V-shaped welding machine;
  • under the cutting unit there is a cover that prevents the scattering of the crushed product. There is also a cover on top. The particles to be crushed are fed into the hopper through a closable opening;
  • a transport belt is used to protect the operator’s legs and is attached to the rear of the frame.

The mulcher can be used on tillers of various brands: Neva, MTZ, Kaskad, Agro, Mole. Their power will be enough to use this equipment.