DIY steering wheel adapter

Stage # 1. drawing up a kinematic diagram

To ensure the balance of the structure and prevent additional overloads at the design stage, it is necessary to draw up a kinematic diagram. You can make it yourself or use a ready-made version.

This circuit was developed for the manufacture of an adapter designed to operate on the Neva trailer

Stage # 2. production of main parts

When making and assembling the frame, it is important to provide for the arrangement of a fork with a sleeve. It is necessary to ensure free rotation of the trailer.

The frame of the structure is made of metal pipes and corners

The body of the structure is made of steel sheet. The height of its sides is made no less than 30 cm.

When making stands for the adapter wheels, you can use the diagram below

The simplest option for manufacturing a coupling assembly is a 15 cm long pin, which is stuck into the hole in the drawbar of the U-shaped motoblock “tow bar”. The disadvantage of this option is quick wear: under the action of a freely rotating trailer, the hitch holes are quickly broken. To reduce wear, it is advisable to lengthen the U-shaped chain.

Assembling a simple structure

A simple adapter model is a metal frame. It is made from a pipe with a rectangular cross-section 1.7 meters long. At one of the ends of the pipe, a 0.5 meter long pipe is welded perpendicularly, which will serve as the basis for attaching the racks for the adapter wheels. The height of the struts themselves from the wheel axis to the top point is 0.3 meters.

For the manufacture of the structure, you can use the wheels removed from the garden cart. They can be installed on bushings, which are quite simple to perform on a conventional lathe. Bearings of the appropriate size are put on the finished bushings

After that, the braces must be attached to the central pipe and the hubs of the wheels of the adapter by welding. The length of the products depends on the angle of their inclination relative to the structure. The square adapter frame can also be made in any size. In our case, this is a frame of 0.4×0.4 meters. To equip the attachments, a channel 0 with a length of 0.4 meters is welded to the rear end of the frame. The assembly and connection of the side pipes of the structure is carried out using bolts.

The seat is placed on a metal support that is welded to the central tube. The adapter is ready for use.

Tiller adapter: how to build a good do-it-yourself seat cart?

Arrangement of a multifunctional model

For the manufacture of a multifunctional device, you must prepare:

  • Steel pipes and corners;
  • Sheet steel;
  • Two wheels;
  • Comfortable sitting;
  • Welding machine and tool kit.

This adapter is a multifunctional model. It can be used for basic agricultural work and for transporting goods over uneven terrain over short distances. The structure can be equipped with such agricultural implements as a plow, harrow, tiller, potato digger. Snow scraper can be attached to adapter during winter months.

The main elements of the equipment are: the frame and hitch devices, as well as the wheelset and seats

The manufacturing process of the adapter at home takes place in several stages.

What adapter designs exist?

With this attachment, you can significantly simplify the use of the tiller. After all, it acts as a transitional link connecting the unit itself with other functional elements: nozzles for planting and hilling potatoes, flat cutters, a plow. By installing the equipment, you can automate gardening work as much as possible. For example, when using special equipment with attachments, you can increase the working speed from 5 to 10 km / h.

There are several types of adapters. In general, the structure is a trolley attached to the rear of the tiller, equipped with a comfortable seat

Some models are equipped with a lifting lever, which greatly simplifies the control of the mechanism and the movement of the unit itself on the site. Other adapters, in addition to agricultural work, can also be used for transporting goods. They are equipped with a special body. The adapters can have short or long drawbars, depending on their function. Short drawbar models are designed to work with light tillers, while long drawbar models are designed for heavier implements.

There are also models with a telescopic drawbar on sale, as well as those in which you can adjust the track width.

The adapters are fixed to the tiller using a single enlarged hitch, which consists of two parts: the first part is needed to connect the equipment to the unit. And the second acts as an adjustable adapter between the equipment itself and its lifting mechanism. To increase the number of implements used simultaneously, the adapters are equipped with a double universal hitch.

Stage # 3. installing the seat

On the backbone frame of the adapter beam, stepping back 80 cm from the front edge, fix the seat. It is fixed with bolts. The adapter is ready. It remains only to check the functionality of the multifunctional device.

Adapter is what?

The adapter is a conventional trolley, which is attached to the tiller due to its robust design. It moves on wheels due to the draft force of the tiller engine. A driver’s seat is attached to the trolley, sitting on which you can control equipment.

There are several types of adapters. They differ in their design, control method and coupling with the tiller. The adapter for the steering wheel tiller, whether it is home-made or factory-made, is characterized by the presence of a steering wheel. This greatly facilitates the management of equipment during operation.

Steering Tiller Adapter. Design features

and more owners of private farmsteads are acquiring (or making with their own hands) equipment that makes work easier. And one of its most popular types is tiller. It is able to be equipped with various hinged mechanisms. The only drawback is the lack of space for the driver. The adapter to the steering wheel tiller will help to solve this problem. This is the most convenient option for operation.

Design features

The adapter for the tiller with steering is equipped with a steering gear made as a separate unit and a rigid hitch with which the structure is connected to the tiller.

There are two options for steering adapters. They differ in the location of the wheels: front or rear. The choice of a suitable option depends on the purpose according to which the structure will be assembled. Also, the choice of assembly option is influenced by the availability of available spare parts.

If the structure is located at the front, then we speak of a front adapter for a steering wheel tiller. In this case, the tiller engine pushes the entire structure in front of it. If the unit is located at the rear, and the tiller pulls it along, then the adapter is rear-mounted.

Do it yourself

The structure is a frame on which the driver’s seat is fixed. A wheel axle with wheels: rubber or metal is also attached to it. The first option is suitable in cases where road traffic is planned. Metal wheels are better for working in the field.

Another important element is the device that allows the adapter to be connected to the tiller. This is a coupling mechanism. the most vulnerable element of this design. Most often, steel or cast iron is used for its manufacture. The individual elements are held together by welding. The hitch can be of several types in shape. The most popular is the U-shaped version. most stable while driving and working.

During the operation of the device, it is important to consider the location of the engine. The front steering wheel adapter is assembled according to the track width of the base wheels. When using this option, the track should be wider. Otherwise, the technique will not be able to balance correctly. If it is not possible to increase the track width of the adapter, you can increase the bridge of the tiller itself.

Algorithm of actions

We start manufacturing attachments for the tiller.

Important! Before starting work on the drawings, be sure to check the correspondence of the sizes and numbers.

To make a steering adapter for a tiller, you will need a frame with a bushing and a fork. This will allow the tiller to rotate freely through the steering wheel.

  • Everything will start with making the frame. It can be made from cut pieces of the selected steel of the required length. The metal can be divided by an angle grinder and the elements can be electrically welded or bolted together.
  • Next, we build the chassis. If your tiller’s motor is in front, then the track size must be determined by the main wheels. The rear ones are mounted to the frame using an axle. You can create it from a piece of pipe of a suitable width. At the ends of this pipe, we press in the bearings with bushings. Wheels will be installed on them. If the tiller’s engine is located at the back, then the track width must be greater, otherwise the mini tractor will not be able to keep running normally during operation. In such a situation, it would be more optimal to remove and reinstall the base wheels of the tiller, but already on a more spacious bridge.
  • To make the steering wheel to the unit, you do not need to additionally remove the handles from the car or motorcycle. Stop using the handle. In other words, the operator will be able to control the mini tractor with a steering wheel that looks like a motorcycle. However, the operator will not be able to backtrack normally with it. That is why it will be preferable to mount the steering column on a mini tractor.
  • When using an all-metal frame, the steering will be integrated with the front axle of the tiller. You can make an articulated support, then the control column will rotate the entire front half-frame. To do this, the craftsman will need to attach the cogwheel to the front frame. The second gear is installed on the steering column.
  • The seat, which can be previously removed from a passenger car, must be welded to the sled frame. The technician must ensure that it adjusts, especially when operating the front adapter attached to the tiller.
  • If you intend to use a mini tractor to work with plows and cultivators, then you will need additional welding of the bracket. An auxiliary hydraulic system must be installed to operate the attachment. The pump for it can be easily dismantled from agricultural machinery. If you have to work with semi-trailers, then you need to take care of additional welding of the towbar to the rear of the frame. It can also be successfully borrowed from a passenger car.
  • Fastening (coupling) can be done by hand. To do this, you need drawings, which are easily searched for in articles on the top results of the desired topic. And we will talk about how exactly to implement the coupling.

To make a U-type hitch, you need a metal channel of suitable thickness and size. The hitch is attached to the tiller under the steering column through pre-drilled holes at specific locations. The bracket and pins are inserted into them. It is important to ensure that the parts are of high quality, this will avoid unnecessary problems in the future and a waste of time in the present. All parts must be made of high quality high strength steel.

This completes the installation of the front adapter on the Neva tiller. After the completion of the assembly, it remains only necessary to lubricate the mini-tractor and test it for functioning. The adapter assembly can then be judged complete. Now you can safely deal with the required work on land plots with the help of new technology.

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Steering

A quality steering wheel adapter for the tiller makes it easier to operate the cultivator. In terms of its functions, such a tiller is comparable to a mini-tractor, only it is more economical in fuel consumption. The standard APM unit from the Krasny Oktyabr manufacturing plant does not have a rudder.

The control is carried out using the steering wheel of the cultivator. But other manufacturers make steering units. The cart is designed for more comfortable work on the cultivator, so the presence of a steering wheel will make the operation easier.

Algorithm of actions

We start manufacturing attachments for the tiller.

Important! Before starting work on the drawings, be sure to check the correspondence of the sizes and numbers.

To make a steering adapter for a tiller, you will need a frame with a bushing and a fork. This will allow the tiller to rotate freely through the steering wheel.

  • Everything will start with making the frame. It can be made from cut pieces of the selected steel of the required length. The metal can be divided by an angle grinder and the elements can be electrically welded or bolted together.
  • Next, we build the chassis. If your tiller’s motor is in front, then the track size must be determined by the main wheels. The rear ones are mounted to the frame using an axle. You can create it from a piece of pipe of a suitable width. At the ends of this pipe, we press in the bearings with bushings. Wheels will be installed on them. If the tiller’s engine is located at the back, then the track width must be greater, otherwise the mini tractor will not be able to keep running normally during operation. In such a situation, it would be more optimal to remove and reinstall the base wheels of the tiller, but already on a more spacious bridge.
  • To make the steering wheel to the unit, you do not need to additionally remove the handles from the car or motorcycle. Stop using the handle. In other words, the operator will be able to control the mini tractor with a steering wheel that looks like a motorcycle. However, the operator will not be able to backtrack normally with it. That is why it will be preferable to mount the steering column on a mini tractor.
  • When using an all-metal frame, the steering will be integrated with the front axle of the tiller. You can make an articulated support, then the control column will rotate the entire front half-frame. To do this, the craftsman will need to attach the cogwheel to the front frame. The second gear is installed on the steering column.
  • The seat, which can be previously removed from a passenger car, must be welded to the sled frame. The technician must ensure that it adjusts, especially when operating the front adapter attached to the tiller.
  • If you intend to use a mini tractor to work with plows and cultivators, then you will need additional welding of the bracket. An auxiliary hydraulic system must be installed to operate the attachment. The pump for it can be easily dismantled from agricultural machinery. If you have to work with semi-trailers, then you need to take care of additional welding of the towbar to the rear of the frame. It can also be successfully borrowed from a passenger car.
  • Fastening (coupling) can be done by hand. To do this, you need drawings, which are easily searched for in articles on the top results of the desired topic. And we will talk about how exactly to implement the coupling.

To make a U-type hitch, you need a metal channel of suitable thickness and size. The hitch is attached to the tiller under the steering column through pre-drilled holes at specific locations. The bracket and pins are inserted into them. It is important to ensure that the parts are of high quality, this will avoid unnecessary problems in the future and waste of time in the present. All parts must be made of high quality high strength steel.

This completes the installation of the front adapter on the Neva tiller. After the completion of the assembly, it remains only necessary to lubricate the mini-tractor and test it for functioning. The adapter assembly can then be judged complete. Now you can safely deal with the required work on land plots with the help of new technology.

Assembling the adapter for the tiller

First, make the frame. It is made from pieces of metal of the required length. The metal is cut by an angle grinder and the parts are connected by welding or screws.

Then they carry out the chassis. When the cultivator motor is located at the front, then the base wheels determine the track gauge. The rear ones are attached to the frame using an axle. It must be made from a pipe of the required diameter. Bushings with bearings are attached to its ends.

Then wheels are mounted on them. When the cultivator motor is at the rear, the tread should be wider. Otherwise, the structure will not be able to maintain balance during operation. Then the base cultivator wheels must be removed and fixed on a wide axle.

To make your own steering wheel, you do not need to remove the handle of the car. If you use the handle from the cultivator, you can control the entire structure using the motorcycle handlebar. But it will be difficult to back up. Therefore, it is best to mount a sturdy steering column.

Consider the manufacture of a frame for a trailer of a motor cultivator. With a solid metal frame, steering will be directed to the front axle of the unit. You can make a frame on hinges, while the steering column will rotate completely onto the front frame. To achieve this, mount the gear to the front frame.

The second gear is mounted on the steering column. Then a seat for the tractor driver is made. It can be taken from a car. The seat is welded onto the frame. It can be regulated. This is especially necessary for the front type device. The driver’s seat is now attached.

To attach a trailer to a tiller with a plow, a bracket must be installed. To work with the mower, you need to make a hydraulic system. To work on the device, you need to weld the towbar from the car to the rear, where the metal frame is located. The pump can be borrowed from any unit for agricultural work.

The hitch for the cultivator is U-shaped. This requires a channel profile. The hitch is installed under the steering column. In this case, it is necessary to drill the holes that are marked in the drawing. A bracket and a pin are mounted through them. The components are made of high quality steel. It is also possible to perform a caterpillar mechanism.

Thus, all the necessary parts and assemblies of the adapter for the cultivator are made. Now you need to assemble the entire structure. After that, it needs to be checked and tested in work. If all components are operating normally, then you can start operating the unit.

Varieties of adapters for tiller

There are several types of tiller adapter. The design is distinguished by the coupling method:

  • Strong connection to the cultivator. The device has a separate steering wheel. Steering wheels located at the front or rear (both options are possible).
  • Movable connection. At the same time, the angle between the cultivator and the trolley changes all the time. Turning requires a lot of effort, due to the fact that the connection point is movable.

Devices are also subdivided according to the presence of driving wheels into:

  • Front. The hitch assembly is at the back.
  • Rear. The hitch assembly is located at the front.

Trailers are divided into:

In addition to garden work, universal ones are useful for transporting crops.

Trailers are divided according to the drawbar size:

Low-power tillers are attached to structures with a short drawbar. Trailers with a long drawbar are attached to powerful cultivators.

There are 2 types of trailers: 1-axle or 2-axle. These couplings are factory designed by the manufacturer. The factory calculated such a design and mounted a towbar on it. A spring was installed under the seat, designed for the smooth running of the car on rocky surfaces.

The APM has special footrests, a brake that is pressed by the foot to stop the cultivator. The adapter was fitted with pneumatic tires, which provide a smooth ride at high speed.

If all parts are working well, you can start using the device. When buying a structure, you must also choose a soft seat pad. Then the driver’s work will become more convenient. The HorsAM IS 1 adapter to the Magnum tiller, adapters to the PNO-1, AM-3 K, BUM-3, KTZ-03 cultivators are very popular among farmers.

10 dollar steering wheel adapter

Required materials and tools

Consider what you need to create an apparatus.

Materials and tools:

  • Two wheels with an axle. The radius of the wheels should be 15-18 inches. You can take wheels from a car.
  • Bearings for wheel and steering systems. Metal profile corner or channel, metal pipe.
  • Nuts screws, washers.
  • Lubrication: grease.
  • Welding machine, drill with drill, wires, discs.
  • Angle Grinder.
  • Screwdriver, wrench, screwdriver.
  • Frame for turning the cultivator using the steering wheel.

Features of the adapter design

This attachment includes:

  • frame;
  • driver’s seat;
  • a pair of wheels;
  • wheel axle;
  • coupler.

That is, the adapter gives the impression of a cart that is attached to the main equipment. As a result, it makes it look like a mini tractor.

Now let’s talk about each component in detail.

  • To make a front adapter for a do-it-yourself steering tiller, a frame is required. A body or a driver’s seat is attached to it. The frame is mounted on the chassis.
  • The driver’s seat is attached to the frame for ease of use. This was conceived in order to make it pleasant and easy to operate the equipment in the process of gardening.
  • Wheels and wheel axle make gardening easier for the operator with this small tractor.
  • There are two types of wheels for a home tractor. rubber and metal. The metal wheels can be used for reliable work in the fields. The rubber wheels are equipped with a deep tread pattern. This allows the operator to move the machine on unpaved roads and, if necessary, off-road. In any case, the wheels for the adapter are supplied with the purchase in a set for the equipment itself. But if the user wants to change them, you need to pay attention to their type and size.
  • Device for coupling (fastening) with a tiller. The fastener for the MTZ unit is made of steel or cast iron, using welding. The hitch is one of the essential building blocks. It provides a secure connection to the motorized part of the trailed implement. The most used is the U-shaped attachment point, because thanks to this device, the vehicle turns out to be more stable.

Advantages and disadvantages

After the tiller has been modernized, the designers note the positive qualities of the front adapter:

  • ease of use;
  • the disclosure of the traction resource. the existing abilities increase;
  • work opportunities expand. tillage will accelerate;
  • if necessary, the unit is disassembled and assembled;
  • good balance in weight and axes;
  • you can move around on the device.

The disadvantages include the fact that in the presence of a movable hitch there is a deterioration in stability.

The tiller adapter consists of the following structural elements:

Steering type adapter

How to make a steering adapter for a tiller? The type of structure in which the steering wheel is provided must be rigidly fixed. The steering gear is performed as a separate independent unit. A pair of wheels and an axle, which serves as a steering gear, are installed at the front and rear. Fixation sites are selected based on individual characteristics. The location of the steering gear depends on the type of spare part. When assembling, it is recommended to perform just such an improved model.

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A motorized cultivator with steering has many positive qualities:

  • the operator will not waste energy when moving behind the unit;
  • the equipment has maneuverability and increased functionality;
  • traction force is realized at 100%;
  • the tiller can be used to get to the workplace, without the use of additional equipment;
  • ease of management compared to other options.

Types of front adapters for the tiller

Converted technical devices are of the following types:

  • With telescopic drawbar type. This part adjusts the width of the tiller adapter.
  • With drawbars of various lengths. The short clamp is designed for light weight devices, the long clamp is suitable for heavy mechanisms.
  • The purpose of the equipment is the transportation of goods. Models have a special body that can withstand increased stress.
  • With lifting link mechanism. Equipment that has suspended equipment is easy to operate and move around.

Appointment

The main task of the technique with the front adapter is to speed up and facilitate the processing of the garden.

If you attach additional devices to the device, you can expand the range of applications:

  • remove hay;
  • to cultivate the land. to plant and collect;
  • clear the area from snow;
  • level the soil surface;
  • transfer small-sized cargo.

Algorithm of actions

To start assembling additional equipment for a motor-cultivator, you will need a drawing, in accordance with which the fastening elements and the construction of fragments will be made. If you have special skills and experience, a homemade adapter for the tiller and the drawing can be done independently. If you are afraid to make a mistake, you should take ready-made drawings. Before designing, it is recommended to check and verify the compliance of dimensions and numbers.

Do-it-yourself front adapter for the tiller

Tools and consumables:

  • metal corners, square profile;
  • bearings for the steering wheel and column;
  • metal sheets;
  • a pair of wheels, preferably on an axle;
  • drills, electrodes, discs for an angle grinder;
  • fasteners;
  • wrenches of various sizes;
  • electric welding apparatus;
  • lubricants. grease;
  • Angle Grinder;
  • screwdriver;
  • drill.

At the preparatory stage, a selection of a kinematic scheme should be made, in which the balance indicators of the entire structure are provided. Overload warning should also be provided. It is recommended to use ready-made drawings of the adapter with the steering wheel to the tiller.

Making an adapter to the tiller with your own hands

Any activity on a land plot takes a lot of time and effort. For this reason, gardeners are increasingly using special equipment. such as Tilleri. However, it is impossible to do everything with this unit. Without a special adapter, you will not be able to plow or huddle the earth, as well as clear the area from snow and construction debris. A trolley with a seat for a tiller nowadays costs quite impressive money. However, there is a way out. Today we will talk about how you can make a homemade adapter for a home tiller without any special effort.

  • Description of the adapter for the motoblock
  • Features of the adapter design
  • Adapter making instructions
  • Algorithm of actions
  • Steering Tiller Operation
  • Types of adapters for tiller
  • Steering adapter
  • Adapter with movable hitch
  • Algorithm of actions

    We start manufacturing attachments for the tiller.

    Important! Before starting work on the drawings, be sure to check the correspondence of the sizes and numbers.

    To make a steering adapter for a tiller, you will need a frame with a bushing and a fork. This will allow the tiller to rotate freely through the steering wheel.

    To make a U-type hitch, you need a metal channel of suitable thickness and size. The hitch is attached to the tiller under the steering column through pre-drilled holes at specific locations. The bracket and pins are inserted into them. It is important to ensure that the parts are of high quality, this will avoid unnecessary problems in the future and waste of time in the present. All parts must be made of high quality high strength steel.

    This completes the installation of the front adapter on the “Neva” type tiller. After the completion of the assembly, it remains only necessary to lubricate the mini-tractor and test it for functioning. The adapter assembly can then be judged complete. Now you can safely deal with the required work on land plots with the help of new technology.

    Description of the adapter for the motoblock

    The adapter is a special module for moving on the trailer. With its help, you will be able to operate the machine in a sitting position and at the same time till the soil. For example, the adapter to the MTZ tiller has steering control. It is quite possible to do it yourself. One of the sections of the article below is devoted to how this can be done. In the meantime, let’s talk about the purpose of this attachment.

    Using an adapter, you can greatly simplify the use of this home technology. You will be able to change attachments for hilling or planting potatoes, flat cutter, plow and other accessories. Also, the adapter speeds up absolutely any garden work. In other words, if you apply such a device in practice, then the speed of labor will increase from 5 to 10-11 km / h.

    Features of the adapter design

    This attachment includes:

    • frame;
    • driver’s seat;
    • a pair of wheels;
    • wheel axle;
    • coupler.

    That is, the adapter gives the impression of a cart that is attached to the main equipment. As a result, it makes it look like a mini tractor.

    Now let’s talk about each component in detail.

    • To make a front adapter for a do-it-yourself steering tiller, a frame is required. A body or a driver’s seat is attached to it. The frame is mounted on the chassis.
    • The driver’s seat is attached to the frame for ease of use. This was conceived in order to make it pleasant and easy to operate the equipment in the process of gardening.
    • Wheels and wheel axle make gardening easier for the operator with this small tractor.
    • There are two types of wheels for a home tractor. rubber and metal. The metal wheels can be used for reliable work in the fields. The rubber wheels are equipped with a deep tread pattern. This allows the operator to move the machine on unpaved roads and, if necessary, off-road. In any case, the wheels for the adapter are supplied with the purchase in a set for the equipment itself. But if the user wants to change them, you need to pay attention to their type and size.
    • Device for coupling (fastening) with a tiller. The fastener for the MTZ unit is made of steel or cast iron, using welding. The hitch is one of the essential building blocks. It provides a secure connection to the motorized part of the trailed implement. The most used is the U-shaped attachment point, because thanks to this device, the vehicle turns out to be more stable.

    Steering adapter

    The presented view assumes a rigid fixation on the tiller. The steering gear is carried out in the format of a separate independent unit. In addition, a pair of wheels, which act as a steering gear, are installed at both the front and rear. Each of them is guided by personal preferences. The position of the steering gear is also related to spare parts, daily use. Driving a “home” mini-tractor with a homemade adapter is no more difficult than, for example, an ATV.

    Adapter making instructions

    Now let’s talk about how to independently make a front adapter with steering for your small tractor.

    To manufacture the steering wheel tiller adapter, you will need the following materials:

    • Two identical wheels on an axle. The radius of the wheels ranges from 15-18 inches. Even wheels from the old Soviet “Volga” can fit.
    • Steering wheel and column bearings.
    • Frame steel (channel, pipe or angle).
    • Fasteners (washers, bolts, nuts).
    • Lubricants (lithol or solidol).
    • Consumables (drills, electrodes, angle grinder discs).
    • Wrench set.
    • Angle Grinder.
    • Welding machine.
    • Drill.

    Before starting work, it is important to take into account that the wheels should not have a very large or small radius.

    Types of adapters for tiller

    There are several types of adapters for mini tractors, including for homemade.

    • With lifting arm. The presented type of suspended equipment will simplify control, movement around the site.
    • For the transportation of goods. They are equipped with special bodies, capable of withstanding the maximum load.
    • With long or short drawbar. Short type. for lightweight type, long type. for heavy machinery.
    • With telescopic drawbar. This design allows for width adjustment.

    This technique is also divided by the type of construction:

    Steering

    This homemade adapter is even faster to manufacture than its predecessor. But it is worth knowing that this option involves the use of more different corners and pipes. And yet. such attachments are made on the basis of a frame with a ready-made fork and bushing. It is its presence that will allow the tiller to rotate freely from the steering action in the future. The sequence of actions will be as follows.

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    • The frame is made of steel of a selected length and thickness. Using an angle grinder, cut out workpieces of the required size from the sheet, and then fasten them together with bolts or self-tapping screws.
    • The design of the undercarriage should be based on where the motor of the unit itself is located. If it is in front, then the main criterion is the size of the main wheels. That is, the track size should be based on it. The wheels are only attached to the rear. They are welded to the axis. If the motor is at the rear, then the distance between the wheels should be wider. Here, the standard ones are removed from the tiller, and in their place they are installed the same as on the adapter.
    • The axis itself is created from a pipe, and bearings with bushings are pressed into its ends.
    • The steering wheel is either like a car or like a motorcycle. There is no fundamental difference. Experienced craftsmen recommend removing the already finished steering wheel from the vehicle and fixing it on the basis of the adapter. It is quite difficult to make a steering wheel yourself, especially for a beginner. It is worth noting that the motorcycle handlebar creates great inconvenience when reversing the tiller. And this factor must be taken into account.
    • If an all-metal frame is used, the steering will be mated to the front of the unit itself. If you make a special additional support. articulated-articulated, then the control will rotate the additional frame completely. In this case, two gears are used: one is installed on the steering column, and the second on the upper half-frame.
    • The next step is to install the seat. As in the case of the manufacture of the previous type of adapter, it can be either ready-made or made with your own hands. It must be fastened with a welding machine to the rear frame of this attachment.
    • In the event that in the future the upgraded tiller is planned to be used to install a replaceable attachment, it is necessary to attach another bracket with a welding machine. An additional hydraulic system should also be created. The easiest way is to remove it from any type of small agricultural equipment and weld it onto your own tiller.
    • The towbar must be welded to the rear of the main frame. It is necessary in cases when it is planned to use the tiller for the transportation of some small cargo. If the use of a trailer or semitrailer is not planned, then this stage can be skipped.
    • The final stage is coupling. To do this, small holes are drilled in the steering column into which screws and brackets are inserted. It is with their help that the hitch itself is attached under the steering column.
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    Perhaps a step-by-step description of making such a device with your own hands may seem complicated. However, with detailed diagrams and drawings, this problem completely disappears. For the created adapter to be functional and durable in use, it is necessary to properly weld all the main elements and pay special attention to the normal operation of the brakes.

    If ready-made drawings were used to create an improved tiller seat, before translating them into reality, it is necessary to correlate the sizes of all parts with the dimensions of the main parts of your tiller and, if necessary, be sure to correct them.

    With movable joint

    This type of adapter is easiest and fastest to make at home with your own hands.

    • On a square profile 180 cm long, a piece of the same steel sheet should be welded across, but 60 cm in size.
    • Braces are installed on the frame and wheels and fastened with bushings. To strengthen the main frame, an additional steel beam is welded onto it.
    • Channel is used to create an additional beam. It is made in accordance with the drawings and using a welding machine.
    • The frame created in the previous step is welded to the wheel axle. A small piece of a square metal beam or steel angle is used as a connecting element.
    • The first control lever is installed on the frame, on which there are 3 knees. An additional one is installed on this lever, but smaller in size. All work is carried out using a welding machine.
    • Both levers are securely fixed to each other with bolts.

    When the main lifting mechanism of the adapter is ready, you can proceed to its direct assembly and connection of the equipment to the tiller itself.

    • A stand for the future seat is welded onto the central frame, which is made from a piece of steel pipe.
    • On top of it, using a welding machine, two more of the same pipe sections are attached perpendicularly. This design will allow the seat to be securely attached to the tiller and minimize vibration and shaking during its operation.
    • Further, the pieces of pipes are attached by welding to the frame, and the seat itself is fixed to them with self-tapping screws or bolts. For added security, the bolts can also be screwed into the seat stand, not just into the frame.
    • The finished hitch is welded to the front of the resulting adapter.

    After completing these works, the adapter is completely ready for further use. If everything was done correctly, you should get an all-wheel drive mini-tractor, simple and easy to use.

    Required tools and materials

    With your own hands and even without assistance, you can make a manual adapter or a dump adapter. Therefore, first of all, it is necessary to decide on the type of additional equipment. The next stage is the drawings. You can use ready-made ones, based on the instructions for the tillers of the same brand, but already implemented with adapters, or you can create it yourself. When making drawings with your own hands, careful attention should be paid to the main elements:

    • steering wheel control:
    • frame;
    • seat;
    • frame;
    • adapter portal;
    • suspension;
    • coupling mechanism.

    When the diagram is ready, you need to take care of having the following tools at hand:

    • welding machine;
    • drill;
    • Grinder;
    • two wheels with an axle;
    • lathe;
    • a ready-made chair of a suitable size;
    • metal profile for the frame;
    • steel corner and beams;
    • fasteners;
    • bolts, screws;
    • screwdriver;
    • control levers;
    • circle made of steel with special holes. the basis for adhesion;
    • bearings;
    • lubricants and primers for finished structures.

    How to make an adapter for a tiller with your own hands?

    • Required tools and materials
    • Manufacturing process
    • With movable joint
    • Commissioning

    Small agricultural equipment such as tillers, cultivators and mini-tractors greatly facilitate the work of people. But in the pursuit of perfection, even such units are being modernized. In particular, manufacturers or the owners themselves equip them with adapters. special seats that make the use of such equipment more comfortable and less energy-consuming. There are tillers already equipped with such a device, but there are also models without it. But you can do it yourself with a steering or movable joint adapter. How to do this work correctly will be described in detail below.

    Manufacturing process

    Such a hitch of any kind is not just a seat, but a whole device consisting of several parts. Depending on the type of adapter, these parts are attached to each other in different quantities and in a different order. So, the rear and front unit are made almost the same, but differ in the method of final fastening and the method of the coupling itself.

    Commissioning

    Before immediately performing any agricultural work with the help of a self-improved tiller, it is necessary to perform several final verification work:

    • make sure the seat is securely installed;
    • check the quality of all welds and the reliable fastening of bolts and screws;
    • start the tiller and make sure that the engine is working normally and smoothly;
    • install, if necessary, hinged gardening tools and try them in action;
    • be sure to check the operation of the brakes and make sure they are working properly.

    If, when performing all these simple works, no problems were found in the work of the tiller, it is necessary to bring it into a proper appearance. To do this, a do-it-yourself adapter is primed and painted in any color you wish. This stage allows not only to give the tiller a beautiful appearance, but also to protect the metal from corrosion.

    Making an adapter yourself is a responsible business that takes time, experience and utmost care. Therefore, it is worth undertaking this work only for those masters who already have similar experience. In other cases, it is better to either purchase a ready-made adapter, or seek help from a specialist.

    To learn how to make an adapter for a tiller with your own hands, see the next video.

    DIY tiller adapter drawings and dimensions

    Below, there are drawings and dimensions, as well as materials necessary for the manufacture of an adapter for a tiller of complex design.

    What you need when making an adapter

    Below is a kinetic diagram to help balance the structure and avoid additional stress. The drawing below shows a diagram of a mini tractor made from Tiller Neva.

    The engine of the power unit (2), driving the front wheels (1), transmits the torque through the chain (3) to the reverse gear (4), and from it through the cardan transmission (5) to the rear axle (6), driving rotating rear drive wheels (7).

    We make an adapter for the tiller with our own hands

    At the moment, there are several types of adapter, as a rule, their designs are similar, and are, attached to the rear of the tiller, adapt with a comfortable seat.

    The adapter is made of a square metal profile, from 160 to 180 cm long. Across this profile, another one is welded, 50-60 cm in size, depending on which track you need, (wheel stands are attached to it). The height of the struts to the wheel axle from the top to the adapter wheel axle can be from 25 to 40 cm, depending on the design.

    Further, braces are welded to the main metal profile and wheel hubs, they also serve as stiffeners. Their length depends on the angle of inclination relative to the entire structure and other parameters. Then, the frame structure is calculated and welded in the same way, to which the attachment will be attached. Side rails of this design are bolted to the wheel struts.

    After that, a control lever is welded to the main frame, which has three knees, sizes 35, 55, 20 cm.To increase the applied force, another lever is attached to the lever, but already with dimensions of 80 cm.

    Adapter seat, mounted on a support welded to the central metal profile. As you can see, making an adapter to the tiller with your own hands is not so difficult.

    Drawings of key adapter assemblies

    Coupling mechanism. It looks like a welded structure inserted into the main frame and bolted to it. Consists of two pieces of square pipe welded onto each other and a piece of regular “water” pipe with a gauge of 1.1.5 inches.

    In the pipe, not fully inserted, clamped by a bolt, a stem with a welded on homemade tee. The stem is lubricated with grease and allows the tee to rotate along the axis, to provide a rolling effect when moving on uneven ground.

    Wheel attachment assembly. The structure consists of two perpendicularly welded pipe sections. The horizontal section is inserted into the fixing pipe and bolted together. On the vertical part, an axle with a wheel is fixed (on bearings).

    Other nodes of the adapter are not so important, and we will not consider them.

    How to make an adapter for a tiller with your own hands

    The purpose of the adapter

    Here, I think everything is clear, there is a fairly large amount of work on the ground, which is easier, faster and more convenient to do with an adapter. And working with such attachments as a rotary tiller, in general, it is safer.

    Tiller adapter design diagram

    The adapter for the tiller is a kind of towing device made on the frame and having two wheels. Structurally, adapters are divided into several types, in terms of simple, they can be simple and more complex. The main types are considered universal, these are those that are able to transport goods and perform soil cultivation, and simple ones, capable of performing only soil cultivation.

    For tillers of different power, different adapters are used, for a low power one, an adapter with a short drawbar is installed, for a powerful one with a long one. Also, universal adapters are equipped with additional functionality, an increase in track, lifting attachments, etc.

    Additional Drawings of Simple Adapter

    Below is a drawing of one of the most structurally simple adapters.

    The following are welded to the frame made of a square profiled tube 5050 mm in size and 2 mm thick:

    Adapter for Tiller Neva

    Drawings and dimensions for different tillers may vary depending on the design. So for the popular models of Neva, MTZ, OKA tillers, homemade adapters can differ significantly.

    Having made a homemade adapter to the tiller, using various types of hitch with it, you can not only facilitate the work, but also significantly increase productivity.