DIY tiller hedgehogs

Hedgehogs for tilers

Often, for gardening and field work, tillers with special replaceable nozzles are used. They can be used to loosen the ground, prepare the ground for planting, remove weeds and harvest.

Tiller hedgehogs are specialized devices with which you can process the beds with potatoes in one pass, loosen the soil and huddle the seedlings.

This type of equipment is suitable for:

  • cleaning the area from weeds;
  • loosening the soil;
  • the formation of rows;
  • hilling without damaging potato roots;
  • repelling pests.

Do-it-yourself hedgehogs for weeding potatoes with a tiller

Hedgehogs to the tiller have another significant advantage, namely, a simple design, making them extremely easy to make with your own hands. All that is required for this is the availability of the necessary inventory and materials at hand, as well as the study of detailed diagrams. Drawings will help you to assemble the equipment sequentially without making mistakes. It is extremely important that the dimensions of all parts are indicated in the diagram, otherwise the ripper will turn out to be disproportionate, and during operation it will always be brought in a certain direction.

tiller, hedgehogs

To assemble the device, you will need to prepare:

  • 3 hardened steel discs. they must have the same diameter;
  • steel pipe, up to 3 cm in diameter;
  • hardened steel rods. the sharpest spikes for the equipment being manufactured should be cut from them;
  • 2 identical idler wheels. they will help to reduce the load on the tiller’s coupling mechanism;
  • bracket for fastening wheels.

If it was not possible to find suitable identical discs, then instead of them you can use any of the same steel rings. this will serve as a kind of advantage, since the entire structure being created will turn out much easier, and during work it will not trample the soil.

Both discs and rings must have a certain diameter. in most cases, hedgehogs with discs with a diameter of 10, 17 or 24 cm are used for weeding potatoes.For working in larger areas, where there is more distance between the rows of planted potatoes, you can make hedgehogs with rings with a diameter of 30, 40 and 50 cm.

The sequence of actions for assembling hedgehogs for a tiller is as follows:

  • First you need to secure the discs or rings used. For this, the parts are mounted on the pipe by means of jumpers so that after installation they are located at an angle of 45 ⁰;
  • Next, you need to securely weld the spikes. Before that, they should be cut from a prepared steel bar. Each spike should have a length of 10 to 14 cm. when choosing this parameter, the type of soil to be treated should be taken into account. Each of the discs must have the same number of spikes;
  • To improve the quality of weeding, several long spikes can be welded to the pipe itself.

DIY hedgehogs for weeding potatoes can be installed on the tiller. If necessary, the position of the hedgehogs can be adjusted using the tiller’s coupling mechanism.

What are the advantages of using hedgehogs for weeding?

The advantages of using hedgehogs on a tiller are obvious to every farmer.

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They allow you to:

  • perform effective weeding of the area planted with potatoes. during operation, they do not cut the stems of the weeds, but wind them together with the root, which allows you to achieve the best result when processing the beds;
  • loosen and huddle the soil, which will increase the amount of moisture, oxygen and heat received by plants;
  • get rid of pests. hedgehogs on the tiller effectively scare off the ubiquitous rodents, and turn out harmful insects that feel comfortable and actively reproduce only with a layer of soil;
  • help to level the soil layer on the planted bed and cultivate the bed.

Using hedgehogs on a tiller, the site owner gets the opportunity to save his time and energy, which is very important when growing a large number of potatoes on large areas.

Tiller hedgehogs: improved versions of a practical device

Recently, hedgehogs for the tiller have begun to use particular relevance, because they are much easier to operate than the classic manual options and allow you to process more territory at a time.

Specialized companies offer many options for purchase, but enterprising agronomists believe that creating homemade hedgehogs for a tiller can be very quick and easy.

First you need to familiarize yourself with the drawings presented on our website, select the necessary parts and get to work. over, all the actual operations for creating a “mechanical assistant” based on a tiller with your own hands are described below.

Design and features of hedgehogs

Potato hedgehogs are one of the gardener’s best assistants. Unlike flat cutters, such devices remove weeds from the roots, loosen the soil, so that it passes moisture and oxygen to the potatoes, and repels pests. This allows you to get a rich harvest, hilling without damaging potato roots, repelling pests.

The equipment is a special metal device of conical or other shape, which consists of three rings of different sizes. They are connected with special jumpers, metal spikes are also welded to them.

This design of hedgehogs provides:

  • effective removal of all weeds;
  • quick and easy soil tillage;
  • simple maintenance of a vegetable garden or field.

By their functionality, the models can be divided into two types:

  • Rotary. using this technique, you can weed, fluff the soil, huddle rows.
  • Cone. used to remove weeds even before the first shoots of potatoes appear.

The ripper is suitable for hand cultivators or machinery powered by diesel, gasoline, electrics. Its dimensions can be very different, depending on the area of ​​the treated area, the space between the rows. Hedgehogs are attached to the tiller with special bolts, they are very comfortable and do not make work with the unit heavier.

Tiller hedgehogs for weeding potatoes

Hedgehogs for processing potatoes are a useful device that has been actively used not only by large enterprises, but also by ordinary summer residents for a long time. The presence of such equipment allows you to remove a large number of weeds without damaging, at the same time, the bushes of the grown tuber culture.

The process of making hedgehogs

Before proceeding with the assembly of hedgehogs necessary for processing potatoes in the aisle with a tiller, the farmer should decide what diameter the discs will have for loosening the soil. The following parameters are considered the most convenient option:

  • 10, 20 and 30 cm;
  • 10, 17, and 24 cm.

If the first option is selected, the assembly process for the Single Row Tiller Ripper will look like this:

  • First, you need a metal sheet, from which two rings with a diameter of 300 and 200 millimeters will be cut. In the future, these fragments will be blanks for the manufacture of wheels for the ripper.
  • Next, holes are cut out in the blanks (10 cm each). After carrying out this work, the master should receive two rings of medium size, namely 20 and 10 centimeters.
  • The smallest discs with a diameter of 10 centimeters are cut out of the sheet that has remained intact. In the future, a hole for the pipe will be cut in the center here. If it is an inch pipe, there should be a distance of 1 millimeter between its edges and the disc. Thus, a person will be able to insert the pipe and weld to the disc.
  • Then you can start cutting 24 strips from the prepared strip, the length of which should not be less than 9 cm. 16 of them will be required to connect a pair of medium and large discs, and the rest 8. for a medium and small wheel.
  • The middle and largest ring are connected with jumpers. To do this, you will need to make special compartments in advance. Here, for coupling, you need eight jumpers, and on small rings 4.
  • Then the thorns are harvested. For hedgehog potato processing to be successful, the cut rods must be 120 mm long and tipped at the ends. For two cones, you need at least 80 of them.
  • At this stage, you can begin to refine the parts using an angle grinder, so that the structure of self-made hedgehogs does not have a sharpness on which you can cut yourself.
  • The studs can now begin to be evenly distributed along the contour and welded to the discs and rings. If desired, they can be attached in the same way to the lintels. For a large ring, you need to prepare 15 spikes. For medium. 10, and for small disc. 5.
  • At least 40 spikes are harvested for each cone. But no one forbade increasing this number. Thus, work will be even more efficient.
  • Next, you need to bend the bracket, which serves to secure the axle. It can be welded or bolted by making holes of the required diameter in it.
  • The next stage is the assembly of the device. The largest discs should be on the inside and the smallest ones on the outside. It is worth observing a distance between them, which should not exceed 17 centimeters.
  • Now the ends of the axles are inserted into the hole of the staples. To secure the structure, the master can use nuts, but only if a thread is provided on the axis. If not, welding is used.
  • Next, you need to take the angle grinder again and clean each sharp edge, as well as the seams after welding. After that, you can start painting and collecting hedgehogs for weeding potatoes with your own hands. If the farmer uses a cultivator for movement, 2 discs will be enough for hedgehogs, which are connected at a 45 degree angle.
  • As for the number of pins, here it is necessary to start from the distance between the rows where the potatoes are planted or from the width of the tractor frame. It is worth keeping a distance of at least 50 centimeters between hedgehogs.
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Tiller hedgehogs. DIY making

If a person has been growing potatoes on his site for several years, he is familiar with all the difficulties associated with cultivating the land. The main cause of the “headache” is weeds, which “suck” all minerals and water from the soil.

Therefore, competent agronomists weed, huddle and water potatoes so that the soil has time to be saturated with oxygen. Naturally, earlier all this was done by hand, but today, in the age of developed technologies, farmers use special hedgehogs that perform the following tasks:

  • Weed cleaning. The main advantage of using this device is that it does not just cut the weeds, but removes them along with the roots;
  • Loosening the soil. As a result, the tubers receive the liquid and oxygen necessary for growth;
  • The formation of beds. Completing this task will facilitate the harvesting procedure;
  • Hilling. The very tops of the plant are not damaged;
  • Getting rid of pests. The device scares away moles and rodents a lot. over, it extracts some insects to the surface of the soil, where birds can easily peck them.

An important point: it is necessary to process the area at least 1 time in 3 weeks, but, of course, the more often the better.

Tiller hedgehogs: improved versions of a practical device

Recently, hedgehogs for the tiller have begun to use particular relevance, because they are much easier to operate than the classic manual options and allow you to process more territory at a time.

Specialized companies offer many options for purchase, but enterprising agronomists believe that creating homemade hedgehogs for a tiller can be very quick and easy.

First you need to familiarize yourself with the drawings presented on our website, select the necessary parts and get to work. over, all the actual operations for creating a “mechanical assistant” based on a tiller with your own hands are described below.

What you need to make a quality hedgehog?

  • Three discs of different sizes (made of metal) with proportions of 240, 170, 100 mm or 300, 200, 100 mm. It is advisable to find rings instead of discs, because this will significantly reduce the weight of the final structure;
  • Pipe (diameter 25 mm). You need to collect discs or rings on it, and start with the largest and end with the smallest. The distance between objects should be about 18 cm;
  • Spikes made from a metal rod. Weld them to each hedgehog, placing them evenly. Some spikes can be placed on the axle itself;
  • The inner part contains the largest disc, followed by the middle and the smallest. Attach them at an angle of 45 degrees using jumpers and bushings;
  • Guide wheels. They are necessary to reduce the load on the trailer device. Two wheels of different diameters should be reinforced with a metal bracket.

Thanks to such simple details and operations, you can get a practical attachment that can greatly facilitate the life of a farmer.

Is it worth buying a hedgehog for a tiller?

Hedgehogs for caring for potatoes: features, DIY making

Harvesting potatoes in a small garden is usually done by hand, but in areas with a large area it is difficult to do without equipment with additional equipment. For example, let’s take a tiller. one of the most common units for manual maintenance of a land plot. It saves time and effort. A characteristic advantage is the ability to hitch special equipment for certain types of work.

Benefits of hedgehogs for potato care

Tiller hedgehogs for weeding potatoes have long been used not only by novice farmers, but also by ordinary owners of garden plots. Using hedgehogs for a tiller has several advantages:

  • better weeding. hedgehogs on the tiller do not cut the weed stem (as usually happens when weeding with a hand hoe), but pull it out by the roots, thus destroying whole thickets of harmful plants;
  • loosening and hilling: after carrying out these operations, potato tubers will not only get rid of “competing” plants, but will receive the necessary heat, moisture and oxygen;
  • tiller’s hedgehogs also help fight living pests: they scare away small ground rodents, turn out insects that have settled underground (they are then destroyed by birds);
  • in addition, by attaching a hedgehog ripper-hiller for a tiller, you can cultivate the plantation by aligning the rows

Do-it-yourself hedgehogs for weeding potatoes: drawings, accessories. detailed instructions

  • three metal discs;
  • pipe with a diameter of 25-30 mm;
  • metal rods (from which spikes for the hedgehog to the tiller will be cut).

Instead of discs, you can find suitable rings, this will only be a plus, since the whole structure will become lighter and will have less impact on the soil. The dimensions of the disks for do-it-yourself hedgehogs for a tiller can have several proportions, but traditionally they have 240mm: 170mm: 100mm or, for simplicity, take parts with “round” values ​​of 300, 200 and 100 mm.

The rings are fastened to the pipe using jumpers at an angle of approximately 45º, and it is necessary to start with the largest one, while keeping an eye on the distance between the parts. it should not exceed 18 cm. The next step is to weld the thorns cut from a metal rod. The length of each part is 10-14 cm (depending on the type of soil). The largest disc needs 15 studs, the middle one. 10, the smallest one. 5. Also, several pieces can be welded onto the axle. Everything, do-it-yourself hedgehogs on the tiller are ready. Additionally, support wheels can be attached, which will reduce the load on the structure during operation. Such hedgehogs are easily suitable for tillers from Neva, MTZ, Agro, Kaskad and others.

How to make hedgehogs for a tiller

Potatoes are considered one of the most common crops grown in vegetable gardens. For planting and cleaning it, various special tools and equipment are used, for example, the Hedgehog cultivator. This device is in demand by many farmers and gardeners.

Specifications

The cultivator is a cone-shaped device made of metal. It consists of 3 discs of different diameters, which are connected by jumpers, by analogy with the spokes in a bicycle wheel. They are welded with pointed spikes from a metal bar. This device is welded in a pipe with a diameter of 25 mm, inside which there is a non-moving axle of a smaller diameter. It is attached to the handle with a bracket.

For use in the form of attachments, Hedgehogs can also be used in a simpler form: several sharpened spikes from a bar are attached to a piece of pipe with a diameter of 15 to 28 mm and a length of 200-250 mm with a welding machine.

How to use

Having spent time and effort on manual production of the Hedgehog cultivator, I would like to hope for its long-term use. In practice, it has been proven that compliance with some rules will help in this.

During operation, an unexpected jolt is possible, which can damage the pipe and is dangerous for the tiller.

Therefore, do not place the hedgehogs too close to the back of the fixture. The thorns will quickly bend or break if they encounter rocks frequently, so they should be avoided. You should regularly clean the device from weeds and other debris (preferably after each bed).

To protect the structure from rust, it is necessary to use the unit only in dry weather, treat it with anti-corrosion agents and paint it before each season. You need to sharpen the pins, but not too sharply to avoid cutting them.

Home-made devices after the end of the season must be cleaned and treated with an anti-corrosion agent. They must be stored in a dry place. Subject to the observance of the necessary rules for use, the service life of the equipment can be extended.

Often, for gardening and field work, tillers with special replaceable nozzles are used. They can be used to loosen the ground, prepare the ground for planting, remove weeds and harvest.

Tiller hedgehogs are specialized devices with which you can process the beds with potatoes in one pass, loosen the soil and huddle the seedlings.

This type of equipment is suitable for:

  • cleaning the area from weeds;
  • loosening the soil;
  • the formation of rows;
  • hilling without damaging potato roots;
  • repelling pests.

How to do it yourself

Consider what you need to have on the farm to make the Hedgehog cultivator yourself.

Materials and tools required for work:

  • welding machine;
  • gas cutter for metal;
  • Angle Grinder;
  • set of locksmith tools.

Observing the order of actions, you can make the necessary device with your own hands as follows:

  • Find 3 disks with different diameters (for example, 250x180x110 mm).
  • A hole is cut in the middle of each of them. The discs are put on and subsequently welded onto a steel pipe 25 mm in diameter at a distance of no more than 180 mm between each.
  • Spikes are harvested from cut metal parts 70-90 mm long, 10-12 mm in diameter. Then they are attached to the rings.
  • Now all the hedgehogs are connected. Large parts are installed inside the structure, which means that here it is necessary to build a mechanism for fastening. Tiller’s hedgehogs are connected to each other at an angle of 45 degrees.
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The constructed device must first be checked on empty land. The rotational movement of homemade hedgehogs must be constant. The soil after them should be not only even and neat, but also loosened.

Design and features of hedgehogs

Potato hedgehogs are one of the gardener’s best assistants. Unlike flat cutters, such devices remove weeds from the roots, loosen the soil, so that it passes moisture and oxygen to the potatoes, and repels pests. This allows you to get a rich harvest, hilling without damaging potato roots, repelling pests.

The equipment is a special metal device of conical or other shape, which consists of three rings of different sizes. They are connected with special jumpers, metal spikes are also welded to them.

This design of hedgehogs provides:

  • effective removal of all weeds;
  • quick and easy soil tillage;
  • simple maintenance of a vegetable garden or field.

By their functionality, the models can be divided into two types:

  • Rotary. using this technique, you can weed, fluff the soil, huddle rows.
  • Cone. used to remove weeds even before the first shoots of potatoes appear.

The ripper is suitable for hand cultivators or machinery powered by diesel, gasoline, electrics. Its dimensions can be very different, depending on the area of ​​the treated area, the space between the rows. Hedgehogs are attached to the tiller with special bolts, they are very comfortable and do not make work with the unit heavier.

Do-it-yourself hedgehogs for weeding potatoes with a tiller

Hedgehogs to the tiller have another significant advantage, namely, a simple design, making them extremely easy to make with your own hands. All that is required for this is the availability of the necessary inventory and materials at hand, as well as the study of detailed diagrams. Drawings will help you to assemble the equipment sequentially without making mistakes. It is extremely important that the dimensions of all parts are indicated in the diagram, otherwise the ripper will turn out to be disproportionate, and during operation it will always be brought in a certain direction.

To assemble the device, you will need to prepare:

  • 3 hardened steel discs. they must have the same diameter;
  • steel pipe, up to 3 cm in diameter;
  • hardened steel rods. the sharpest spikes for the equipment being manufactured should be cut from them;
  • 2 identical idler wheels. they will help to reduce the load on the tiller’s coupling mechanism;
  • bracket for fastening wheels.

If it was not possible to find suitable identical discs, then instead of them you can use any of the same steel rings. this will serve as a kind of advantage, since the entire structure being created will turn out much easier, and during work it will not trample the soil.

Both discs and rings must have a certain diameter. in most cases, hedgehogs with discs with a diameter of 10, 17 or 24 cm are used for weeding potatoes.For working in larger areas, where there is more distance between the rows of planted potatoes, you can make hedgehogs with rings with a diameter of 30, 40 and 50 cm.

The sequence of actions for assembling hedgehogs for a tiller is as follows:

  • First you need to secure the discs or rings used. For this, the parts are mounted on the pipe by means of jumpers so that after installation they are located at an angle of 45 ⁰;
  • Next, you need to securely weld the spikes. Before that, they should be cut from a prepared steel bar. Each spike should have a length of 10 to 14 cm. when choosing this parameter, the type of soil to be treated should be taken into account. Each of the discs must have the same number of spikes;
  • To improve the quality of weeding, several long spikes can be welded to the pipe itself.

DIY hedgehogs for weeding potatoes can be installed on the tiller. If necessary, the position of the hedgehogs can be adjusted using the tiller’s coupling mechanism.

Making hedgehogs for manual processing

It is not so difficult to make homemade hedgehogs for weeding potatoes, for this you do not need to have any specific skills and knowledge, almost any man can do it. The device represents rings (usually 2 or 3) interconnected at some distance, resembling a truncated cone in their outlines. There are thorns on each ring, which loosen the soil when moving. It is important to remember that these rings are not connected strictly in parallel, but at a slight angle, which ensures the formation of elevations from the soil.

Some craftsmen, when making hedgehogs for weeding, do not strive to make a cone, but make a structure in the form of a cylinder. a hollow tube 14 mm in diameter. The teeth for loosening in the amount of 5 pieces are welded at a distance of 4 cm, their dimensions are 0.8×6 cm. In total, 2 such cones or cylinders are made, which are also attached to the frame at an angle. Then a handle is attached to it. the device is ready to work. Rolling it back and forth on the ground, apply considerable effort. It must be borne in mind that a physically strong person should carry out this procedure.

Purpose of hedgehogs

Weeding of potatoes should be regular throughout the growing season and should be carried out at least once every 3 weeks. It is long and inconvenient to carry out this procedure manually, therefore many different devices have recently appeared on sale, the only drawback of which is their high cost. Also, hedgehogs are sometimes included in the delivery set of tillers, but this is not always the case. That is why experienced summer residents prefer to make hedgehogs for processing potatoes with their own hands.

Using them on their personal plots, gardeners pursue several goals at once:

  • getting rid of potato beds from weed overgrowth: it is not just mowed, but removed by the root;
  • loosening the soil, which gives it additional saturation with oxygen;
  • additional hilling, because usually this procedure is carried out once a season;
  • the formation of potato rows;
  • prevention of the appearance of pests. shrews, moles, mice and other lovers of potato tubers, including insects.

Moles and shrews will not dig their tunnels where loosening of the soil is regularly carried out, and insects taken to the surface by hedgehogs are quickly pecked by birds. Thus, any gardener who grows potatoes for himself for the winter needs to have such a device as weeding hedgehogs. You can also make them yourself and at the same time significantly save money.

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Do it yourself! Potato hedgehogs

Potatoes require not only timely hilling, fertilization, but also the removal of weeds. A special device can help in this, it is called hedgehogs for weeding potatoes. This article will discuss how to make hedgehogs for processing potatoes on your own and with minimal investment of time and money.

DIY tiller hedgehogs

The procedure for making hedgehogs will include the following steps:

  • You need to pick up 3 discs made of metal, having different dimensions, proportional to 100, 170, 240 mm. You can also observe the multiplicity of 100, 200, 300 mm. Experts still advise not discs, but metal rings, which significantly reduce the weight of the structure.
  • Pick up a hollow pipe 25 mm in diameter, fix the rings (discs) on it in descending order of size. first the largest, at the end. the smallest. At the same time, the step between them is recommended 18 cm.
  • Next, spikes made of a metal bar are welded; at least 40 pieces are required for each of the hedgehogs. The length of the thorn can vary from 10 to 14 cm. They are distributed as follows: on the smaller disc. 5 thorns, on the middle disc. 10, on the large disc. 15 pcs. The remaining spikes are placed on the axle.
  • When fastened to the axle, the larger disc must be inside the structure, the small one on the outside. Fastening is carried out using bushings or jumpers, the angle of inclination is 45 degrees.
  • Additionally, 2 small guide wheels are installed to reduce the load on the device.
  • Before installing the wheels, a metal bracket is made (you can use a steel strip 4 mm thick and 70 mm wide).
  • You need to drill holes in the bracket and install the wheels.

Thus, it is possible to make hedgehogs for weeding potatoes with your own hands not only for manual work that requires significant physical effort, but also as a nozzle for a tiller. When using a tiller, the main advantage will be a significant saving in time and effort for weeding potato beds.

The process of making hedgehogs

Before proceeding with the assembly of hedgehogs necessary for processing potatoes in the aisle with a tiller, the farmer should decide what diameter the discs will have for loosening the soil. The following parameters are considered the most convenient option:

  • 10, 20 and 30 cm;
  • 10, 17, and 24 cm.

If the first option is selected, the assembly process for the Single Row Tiller Ripper will look like this:

  • First, you need a metal sheet, from which two rings with a diameter of 300 and 200 millimeters will be cut. In the future, these fragments will be blanks for the manufacture of wheels for the ripper.
  • Next, holes are cut out in the blanks (10 cm each). After carrying out this work, the master should receive two rings of medium size, namely 20 and 10 centimeters.
  • The smallest discs with a diameter of 10 centimeters are cut out of the sheet that has remained intact. In the future, a hole for the pipe will be cut in the center here. If it is an inch pipe, there should be a distance of 1 millimeter between its edges and the disc. Thus, a person will be able to insert the pipe and weld to the disc.
  • Then you can start cutting 24 strips from the prepared strip, the length of which should not be less than 9 cm. 16 of them will be required to connect a pair of medium and large discs, and the rest 8. for a medium and small wheel.
  • The middle and largest ring are connected with jumpers. To do this, you will need to make special compartments in advance. Here, for coupling, you need eight jumpers, and on small rings 4.
  • Then the thorns are harvested. For hedgehog potato processing to be successful, the cut rods must be 120 mm long and tipped at the ends. For two cones, you need at least 80 of them.
  • At this stage, you can begin to refine the parts using an angle grinder, so that the structure of self-made hedgehogs does not have a sharpness on which you can cut yourself.
  • The studs can now begin to be evenly distributed along the contour and welded to the discs and rings. If desired, they can be attached in the same way to the lintels. For a large ring, you need to prepare 15 spikes. For medium. 10, and for small disc. 5.
  • At least 40 spikes are harvested for each cone. But no one forbade increasing this number. Thus, work will be even more efficient.
  • Next, you need to bend the bracket, which serves to secure the axle. It can be welded or bolted by making holes of the required diameter in it.
  • The next stage is the assembly of the device. The largest discs should be on the inside and the smallest ones on the outside. It is worth observing a distance between them, which should not exceed 17 centimeters.
  • Now the ends of the axles are inserted into the hole of the staples. To secure the structure, the master can use nuts, but only if a thread is provided on the axis. If not, welding is used.
  • Next, you need to take the angle grinder again and clean each sharp edge, as well as the seams after welding. After that, you can start painting and collecting hedgehogs for weeding potatoes with your own hands. If the farmer uses a cultivator for movement, 2 discs will be enough for hedgehogs, which are connected at a 45 degree angle.
  • As for the number of pins, here it is necessary to start from the distance between the rows where the potatoes are planted or from the width of the tractor frame. It is worth keeping a distance of at least 50 centimeters between hedgehogs.
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Necessary materials

One of the important roles in the assembly of the structure is played by high-quality materials, which are adjusted to the dimensions and dimensions indicated in the previously created drawings. To work, the wizard will need the following:

  • to make rings or discs, steel sheets are best. Their thickness should be at least 4 millimeters;
  • for the manufacture of jumpers, you need to prepare a strip of carbon steel, which serves to rotate the wheels;
  • the axis is a metal rod, the diameter of which should not exceed 2 cm.In the future, it must be placed in a pipe filled with thick grease;
  • to make a frame, you need a gas pipe with a diameter of 2.5 centimeters;
  • spikes for a hedgehog can be made from a metal bar with a length of 100 millimeters and a diameter of up to 10 mm;
  • you will need a U-shaped bracket to attach hedgehogs. It is usually made from steel strip.

Design features

The hedgehogs are attached to the tiller when the farmer needs to remove weeds between the rows. It is worth noting here that a tool such as a weed cutter differs in the same functions, but when using it, the weed will be cut to the very root, but leaving it inside. Over time, new stems will begin to grow in the same place, which is why this method is considered ineffective.

Speaking of hedgehogs, they are able to uproot weeds from its roots, after which it will no longer grow in this place. Plus, this mechanism rakes up and loosens the soil. After the work is completed, the garden will take on a pleasant and well-groomed look. Another advantage is that homemade weeding hedgehogs provide oxygen to the potato roots.

Important! Weeding with hedgehogs can be done manually or by attaching to the tiller. Any other technique in the form of a motor cultivator or a small tractor is also well suited for such purposes.

In this video you will learn about hedgehogs to the tiller:

Any method of weeding involves the use of hedgehogs, which are structurally practically indistinguishable from each other. The only significant difference that will have to be taken into account when drawing up drawings and assembling with your own hands is the dimensions of the unit and the way it is attached to the mechanism.

Such a device is made from rings that differ in different sizes. Each of these disks are connected to each other using jumpers. For such purposes, a welding machine is used. Spikes are welded to the ends of each of the rings. To make them, you need metal rods. The result should be a tapered structure welded to a steel pipe with an axis inside.

At least two such devices need to be made. After they are fastened with a metal bracket, adhering to an angle of 45 degrees in relation to each other. If this is a manual device, before making hedgehogs, you must take care of the presence of a long handle. When rotating, the conical structure will grab the ground with spikes and form a kind of “ridge”.

If a person has to do the weeding of potatoes with his own hands, it will be physically difficult for him, so the design of hedgehogs can be simplified by assembling an even-shaped unit. This means that spikes should be welded onto a piece of pipe with a length of about 25 centimeters and a thickness of up to 20 centimeters. The unit is fixed to a metal bracket using two bearings and a shaft. Also, do not forget that the handle is still fixed to it.

Speaking of factory fixtures, they are usually made using a set of sprockets with attached spikes that fit the shaft with bearings. They are at least 60 millimeters long. As for the distance between the stars, it will be approximately 4 centimeters.

If the hedgehogs are not made by hand for the tiller, they are used simply by rolling between the rows where the potatoes are planted. Such actions must be repeated, moving in both directions. Attached thorns are capable of pulling out weeds along with roots, but only if they are properly designed.

It will also help to fluff the soil without damaging the potatoes. If a person is sure that he will assemble the structure on his own, you can not think about buying such a device. In addition to the fact that the unit will perform the same functions, a considerable amount of money will have to be paid for it.

DIY hedgehogs

Before making hedgehogs for processing potatoes, the master needs to take care of making the drawings correctly, and based on them, select a sufficient amount of materials, as well as tools. Still do not forget about observing the stages of assembly of the structure, if mistakes are made here, in the end the unit will not have sufficient cleaning characteristics for effective work in the garden.

Do not forget about observing the stages of collecting hedgehogs data

Tools

To assemble homemade hedgehogs for a motor cultivator, you must prepare the following tools:

  • Welding machine.
  • Locksmith tools set.
  • Angle Grinder.
  • Metal cutter (gas).

What are hedgehogs for a tiller

Auto mechanic specializing in agricultural machinery

Thus, a person will have the opportunity to save money and assemble a machine that allows you to effectively remove weeds and loosen the soil when necessary. Before drawing up a diagram with drawings, it is worth deciding whether the structure will be equipped with fasteners to the tiller, since hedgehogs can be used as a hand tool.

This equipment can be made by yourself

How to use hedgehogs on a tiller

When hedgehogs for weeding potatoes are made, a person needs to become familiar with how to use them correctly so that they bring a lot of benefits and do not break at the same time. These recommendations include the following:

  • homemade hedgehogs should not be installed in such a way that they are very close to the tiller. This is due to the fact that during operation, a small distance can provoke an impact, due to which the pipe of the unit will be bent and at the same time, most likely, repairs will be required for the tiller;
  • Before carrying out work, the farmer must ensure that there are not a large number of large stones on the site. If the thorns fall on a hard surface, they will very quickly become unusable, as they will wear off;
  • when loosening is over, do not forget about cleaning the axles and thorns of hedgehogs from the wound weeds. This cleaning is recommended after passing each row;
  • it is better not to use this device if the soil is too wet. Subsequently, due to high humidity, corrosion will occur on the pipe and spikes of the device.

Note! Until the season has come, it is better for the farmer to paint all the parts and then treat them with a composition to combat corrosion.

When the process of assembling the unit comes to sharpening the spikes, they should be sharp only at the ends. If you cover most of the part, the weeds will be cut away instead of being wound around the disc. To sharpen the rods, craftsmen use an angle grinder and the smallest abrasive wheel. When the season is over, hedgehogs should be well cleaned and walked over them with an anti-corrosion agent that is usually used for a car. The device should only be stored in a dry room.