Do-it-yourself active milling cutter for a tiller
In short, the assembly of the tiller cutter is carried out in the following order:
- Select the correct direction of rotation. Indeed, during operation, the sharpened part of the cutter will cut into the ground.
- Using the bolts, install the blades of the cutter in the nests that are specially designed for this.
- Then put washers on the bolts and carefully tighten the nuts.
It is not so easy to make mistakes in the process, since everything is clear even intuitively. However, you should pay attention to the fact that the blades are embossed at the factory with the markings L and R. L means that the part will be installed on the left side, and R on the right, respectively.
The additional section is attached to the main one with a pin. The limiting disc is connected to the rest of the unit with a bolt and a nut.
Tiller Cutter Assembly Instructions
You bought a tiller or motor cultivator. The first question that arises is how to assemble it. It is not difficult to screw the knobs and put the wheels, even if this is your first time. But to assemble the working tool CULTIVATORY MILLS is not so easy as it seems at first glance.
In our instructions, we show how to correctly install the knives on the hubs of a tiller or cultivator.
Look carefully as shown in the picture and do the same.
the tiller is a popular tool on the site today. Assembling the tiller cutter is an important step in preparation for tillage. The most common cutters are saber knives (image # 1), as well as devices called crow’s feet (image # 2). These attachments are easy to assemble on the tiller. They carry out most of the agricultural work on the land. They have to be changed very rarely. This significantly reduces the time spent on servicing the tiller.
Which cutters are best for a tiller?
Each type of cutter has its own disadvantages and advantages. When choosing cutters for a tiller, you should take into account its power, as well as the operating conditions.
For example, the saber tiller is very durable due to its construction and the material from which it is made. This type of cutter has integral knives, and they are made of high-carbon hardened steel. It has versatile functionality as it can work in any conditions and on different soils. Also, the knives of this cutter are easier to repair. just install and fix a new cutting element.
The crow’s feet cutter is also suitable for working in heavy soil and for cultivation, but areas with turf or roots will be difficult for it to navigate. On them, the equipment will clog and work poorly. Also, due to the peculiarities of its design, it is more prone to breakdowns, and repairs are usually carried out using welding, which is longer and unprofitable.
As you can see, each of the sets of cutters is not devoid of advantages. When choosing, rely on the technical characteristics of your unit and on the features of the upcoming work.
Saber cutter for tiller
The most popular and versatile models that are effective in a variety of earthworks. These models use the optimal shape of the knives, for the manufacture of which manufacturers choose high-quality durable steel.
The models have a collapsible design, so their installation and maintenance is as simple as possible.
The active milling cutter consists of a set of four powerful blades set at 90 ° to each other. There can be from two or more such sets on one axis. The number of additional cutters, as well as the size of their knives, depends directly on the performance of the tiller. The knives of this cutter are in the form of curved strips, bent alternately in different directions. Their design and strength allow you to safely handle virgin soil, as well as areas where stones and roots come across.
Classification of cutters
According to the location of the cutters there are side and mounted. The side ones are installed on both sides of the tiller, they work from the drive shafts of the wheels. In fact, with a similar arrangement, these cutters replace the wheels and set the equipment in motion.
The second type is a power take-off cutter located at the rear of the unit and does not participate in the movement. tillers of the brands Celina, Neva MB-1 and MB-2, MTZ have just such a device of cutters.
According to the design of knives, two types of cutters are distinguished. saber-shaped (active, standard) and the so-called crow’s feet.
It should be noted that the procedure is quite clear, but for clarity, the assembly of the tiller cutter in the video is also presented. This will allow you to more thoroughly understand the procedure, to do all the steps correctly. Then you will get a worthy product and addition for the tiller, which allows you to cultivate the soil especially productively and efficiently. This means that the result of such actions with your own hands will be achieved.
Which cutters are better
The saber type is suitable for all types of soil. For areas with stones and large roots, it is recommended to use hinged mechanisms with high performance. In active cutters, the knives do not break due to the high-quality material of manufacture. Cutting elements are characterized by maximum reliability, strength and durability. Milling cutters are installed on cultivators.
Crow’s feet are distinguished by a high passability of the cutter on virgin soil, untouched by agricultural machinery, as a result of which the soil is easily and quickly processed, the earthen ball is thoroughly crushed, mixed at a depth of 30-40 cm.They are convenient for cultivating stony and hard soil, weed control and are installed both for motor cultivators and tillers.
The disadvantage of the tool is less durability. During operation, the knives must be constantly inspected for damage and repaired. The material of crow’s feet does not have such high strength characteristics as alloy or high-carbon steel, but nevertheless lends itself well to welding processes. If the cutting elements break or crack, the product can be repaired at home with minimal cost. This quality is the main advantage when choosing a milling cutter.
1.3 Do-it-yourself cutter for a tiller
First, let’s find out the difference between the two types of cutter knives:
- crow’s feet knives;
- saber knives.
The crow’s feet variant is a relatively new knife model that has proven itself well on particularly difficult and hard soils. Due to the non-separable design, a certain margin of safety of the cutter is achieved, but there is also a drawback. The knives are often clogged with weeds, so either they have to be constantly cleaned or use such a tiller cutter on relatively clean ground.
Milling cutters for tiller “Hound’s feet
Reciprocating knives are a kind of generally accepted standard for a tiller cutter, the knives of which are made of high-strength steel. The design of the model is collapsible, but the alloy is absolutely not suitable for welding.
The assembly of the tiller cutter begins with the selection of the drawing. Particular attention must be paid to ensure that the “active” part of the soil cutter is assembled with minimal deviations from the original technical requirements.
This will save you from further problems at work. An improperly assembled or installed unit can disrupt the running axis of the cultivator and it will “drive” from side to side, which will negatively affect at least the aesthetic appearance of your garden or field.
The advantage of making your own soil cutter is that you can adapt it to the specific needs of your site. So, armed with an angle grinder and a welding machine, taking out the right amount of parts, making a little effort and showing ingenuity, you become the proud owner of the knowledge of how to assemble a cutter on a tiller.
Tiller cutter drawing
How to install the cutters on the tiller correctly? The main thing in this matter is not to confuse the direction of rotation of the knives. To start the test, you must first turn on the blades so that they begin to rotate above the ground, and only then gently lower the knives into the ground.
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1.2 Tiller cutter test
1.1 Differences in the design of soil cutters
Tillers have a different design, which allows you to attach them to different equipment and use for different purposes.
- trailed equipment;
- material and form of manufacture of cutting parts of the cutter (knives);
- complete set with additional discs for plant protection;
- width and depth of tillage depending on the type of construction.
Build a Fly cutter, DIY Fly cutter for CNC
For the tiller, the cutter can be purchased as a set or separately. The versatility and simplicity of this equipment provides ample opportunities in combining available tools and options. Up to the point that a tiller for a tiller, like the tiller itself, can be assembled with your own hands.
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1 Multifunctionality of soil cutters
Despite the fact that the main purpose of the tiller cutter by default is to loosen the soil during pre-sowing processing, this unit is able to cope with such tasks as:
hilling or forming beds;
Soil cutters for tillers
The principle of operation and structure of the tiller cutter
Almost every farmer dreams of the presence of a motor-cultivator with a milling cutter on the farm (she is a soil cutter, she is also a cutter for a tiller). With the help of soil cutters, you can perform a wide range of work on the site at any time of the year.
A modern range of technical equipment to facilitate agricultural work allows you to find the best options to minimize effort to achieve the best results.
2 DIY tiller
We figured out a little with the manufacture of soil cutters. Now, let’s look at the principles of building cultivators.
DIY fly cutter using a boring bar
It is not difficult to assemble your own tiller if you clearly understand that a tiller or a motorized cultivator is a unit that combines the functions of a plow and a tractor. From the plow there are handles with buttons and switches, from the tractor. the front functional part with the engine and wheels.
For self-made tillers, people are increasingly using out-of-order motorcycles, motors are taken from old chainsaws, wheels and springs. from obsolete technology. There are many variations. One of the most popular models is the tiller Arkhipova. This is a two-wheeled self-propelled gun with an engine from a scooter and control levers for clutch and gears from a motorcycle.
The cultivator can be made both on a gasoline engine and on an electric one. The required set of tools will mainly be:
- circular knives for cutting and subsequent grinding of metal;
- welding machine;
- spanners of the required diameter.
Then we resolve issues with details. The first of which will be the selection of the transmission. It must be such as to generate high torque while maintaining low speed. Then we cook the frame from pipes and steel corners, and from a pair of side members with a beam. a swivel mechanism. Then we consider the issue of equipping the motor with a cooling system, preferably a forced one. Considering the air purification system and the exhaust system.
tiller do it yourself
The range of used equipment that can be easily installed as parts for chillers is unusually wide. Cut axle shafts from the rear axle of old “Zhiguli”, an adapter from the steering columns of cars or trucks, with an engine from a motorcycle, with a gearbox from “Zaporozhets”.
And this is not the whole list of options available for use and application. Human genius knows no boundaries. Do you have your own options for solving such problems? Share, discuss.
Tiller cutter: varieties, application and maintenance
With enough desire, time and straight arms, you can easily create a tiller cutter. An active do-it-yourself cutter for a tiller can be made by hand. The tiller cutter is attached to the towing device, like any other attachment, such as a harrow.
Purpose of equipment
By using a tiller with an active cutter, you can process different types of soil. The cutter, in this case, affects the following factors:
- the final quality of the plowed land;
- how convenient it is to control the tiller;
- how efficiently the power unit works;
- how reliable is the transmission.
Both factory-made and self-made cutters are the tiller’s working tool when plowing is required. Knives called “crow’s feet” are very common. They can be placed to loosen the soil, create a specific structure for a specific layer of the earth. They can also destroy weeds directly during the processing of arable soil, the main thing is not to forget to sharpen.
It should be remembered that the material used as the basis for the knives installed on the tiller has a direct impact on how good and deep the tillage will be. If you don’t know how to make a good cutter or how to install a cutter you created on a tiller.
It is generally accepted that self-sharpening forging cutters for tillers are better than others. You can create such a cutter yourself using stamped steel sheets as a base. Such cutters will have a cutting edge that will need to be sharpened.
Assembling the cutter for the tiller requires preparing the corresponding drawings of the device in advance, since if you assemble the cutter incorrectly, then during operation the cultivator will begin to deviate from the chosen direction of the mowing line. As a result, the cultivation of the land will be much more difficult. The cutter blades must be inserted into the slots specially created for this and fixed in them using bolts.
Especially a lot of attention needs to be paid to the process of placing the cutting edge of the petal. The element to be installed must be positioned in the direction of travel so that the sharp end can freely penetrate the soil and leave a good mark after itself. A properly installed cutting element will help you avoid the common mistakes that usually plague beginners who use the rotary tiller in their field. The additional section of knives should be fixed to the main section using pins. Also, a metal disc must participate in the construction of a heavy tiller, which must be connected to the frame using the bolts intended for this.
How many blades your tiller will have should be determined in advance and chosen wisely. And that means. with an eye on the power of the tiller motor. You can assemble the cutters on the tiller by using not one axis, but several. When assembling a four-blade cutter, remember the sequential arrangement of knives on the left and right.
Most often, crow’s feet cutters for tillers are created from such sheets. But there is another type, it is called “active” or “saber” cutter. They are considered the most suitable for most land work and have been proven to work effectively over many years of agricultural research. In order to make a cutter for a tiller, you need high quality carbon steel with an increased strength factor.
Active knives have a collapsible design, which distinguishes them from other types of cutters. This feature will traditionally allow you to assemble and install active cutters in the shortest possible time: within a few minutes.
The high carbon steel from which such active knives are made cannot be welded in any way. To increase the characteristic of the mechanical strength of products of this type, during their creation, thermal hardening is used, they are also processed with high-frequency electric current.
Called crow’s feet, it is used when plowing stony and uneven soil is required. There is an average value of the permissible speed of work with cutters and a cultivator. from two to five kilometers per hour, otherwise no one can guarantee a long service life of the cutters.
Remember that if there is clay soil in the area that you are going to cut with a carbon steel cutter, then the knife should be regularly inspected for defects.
To create a tiller cutter yourself, you will need to take:
- a tube with a diameter of 42 mm made of metal, which was already mentioned above;
- welding machine;
- angle grinder, that is, an angle grinder;
- you will also need a scheme that you will use when assembling the cutter.
If you want to create a tiller with a cutter, you can use a former plate from a car spring as a base. When making the blade, adjust it to size and bend it to the angle you want. Using a welding machine, weld all cutting parts to the tube. The sharpening of the tiller cutters happens when you put everything together. When the structure is assembled, it should be docked with the tiller’s hitch assembly, and adjusted during a test run.
Before the assembly of the cutter begins, you need to figure out what the cultivator is and what is included in it. The top of the frame is usually welded. A fuel tank and an engine are installed here. Fastening is carried out on brackets. The engine itself, or the power unit, is equipped with a clutch and gearbox. Its power may be different, it all depends on the type and purpose of the cultivator.
The cutters are a scheme of 2 blocks, each containing 12 separate cutters. For each block, 3 separate units with 4 knives are used, which are mounted at an angle of 90 °. The position of the nodes is offset by 30 °. For the manufacture of one knife, a steel sheet is used, the thickness of which is 5 mm. The stand is made from a metal corner of 6340 mm. The knives are attached to the rack, their other end is welded to the flange to combine 4 knives into one structure. The entire cutter is connected with bolts, washers, flanges. The design turns out to be reliable, it is able to withstand significant loads. If you plan to permanently use this equipment, then you should prefer only the factory options.
DIY tiller cutters
Factory cutters with saber knives
Those who start using tillers ask the question: which knives are the best to take? The types of motor-cultivators can be conditionally combined into 2 large groups:
Saber cutters are best suited for all types of work.
- knives called “crow’s feet”
- saber cutters.
The saber-shaped form of cutters is the most popular; it is these schemes that are called standard. They are effective, the effectiveness of this type of use has been proven for decades. Often the cultivators with which the milling cutters come in the kit are precisely saber-shaped. It is most suitable for any type of work. The advantages that saber cutters have are obvious. The shape of the knives is optimal. They are suitable for various types of work. For the manufacture of knives, only carbon high-quality steel is used, the strength of which is high.
The saber cutters are collapsible, making installation and maintenance simple and efficient. The steel from which the knives are made is not at all susceptible to welding. To improve the mechanical properties of the product, a so-called thermal hardening is used during production. Steel for strength is processed by high-frequency currents.
How to make do-it-yourself cutters for a tiller
The first tillers produced in the USSR were “Moles” with a capacity of 2 hp. They were equipped with cutters d 310-350 mm, with a depth of soil cultivation 150-180 mm. Currently, Tillers are already being made with a capacity of 4-6 hp. and cutters for them are still produced in “Krotovsky” size. As a result, the tillage width does not match the engine power, and this significantly reduces the tiller’s productivity, and the tillage depth is less than that of a shovel bayonet. These shortcomings are inherent not only in my “Salute” tiller, but, I am sure, in many others.
To fix them, I made cutters with a diameter of up to 500 mm, which allow you to go deep into the soil by 250-280 mm and work it up to 1 m in width in one pass. Tiller has been doing a great job for 8 years now without giving me any problems.
Cutters. thanks to the saber shape, they are safer to work with. When hitting a stone or root, they raise the tiller and, as it were, roll over the obstacle, in the manner of a car wheel, continuing the processing further. While the straight cutters cling to the obstacle, overturning the tiller, which pulls the operator with it. Doing so can cause you to lose your balance and fall onto the cutters, which could result in serious injury.
The plates to which the knives are attached are welded to the shafts at various angles so that the cutters enter the soil one by one, smoothly and without impact. This has a beneficial effect on the tiller’s transmission. The knives are made from carbon steel. If you have a forge, they can be made from a suitable spring. For the rest of the parts, use ordinary steels of the St-10, St-20, St-25 grades, which are well weldable. The knife template is made of steel with a thickness of 1.1.5 mm. To facilitate manufacturing, I give its sketch on the “grid”, which will allow you to draw the workpiece by cells.
How to assemble a sturdy tiller cutter?
- Tiller design
- Factory cutters with saber knives
- Factory cutters “crow’s feet”
- Cutter assembly diagram
tiller is equipment in demand in agriculture. How to assemble a cutter on a tiller and prepare the soil for sowing on your own personal plot?
tiller is an equipment that is designed to perform various agricultural work.
You must first familiarize yourself with the tiller design in order to assemble it in the shortest possible time. Most often, saber knives and “crow’s feet” are used for assembly. They are convenient, allow you to perform a significant part of the work without replacing the cutter. As a result, maintenance time and costs are reduced.
Cutter assembly diagram
Assembling the tiller cutter.
The cutter design includes elements such as:
- rotor axis, which can have different lengths (it can be single or divided into 2 parts, i.e. the cutter will be assembled from 2 parts)
- short rotor axis
- so-called pin equipped with a retainer
- right and left knives
- nuts, bolts, washers, which are necessary for fastening the entire structure.
Direction of rotation is counterclockwise. Tillers of any type are self-sharpening tools, no additional sharpening is required. Sharpening should not be used unnecessarily, it can ruin the structure.
During the installation of the cutter, difficulties may arise, such work is not recommended to be carried out alone.
For assembly, special X-shaped tragus made of wood are used, the height of which is about 50 cm.This allows you to quickly and easily put the wheels on the structure.
Before assembly, the tiller should be carefully supported on the coulter and then tilted approximately 45 °. Tragus made of wood are usually boards that knock together in the middle in an X-shaped position, substituted under the existing steering wheel. After that, the tiller wheel is removed, cutters of the selected size are placed.
Factory cutters “crow’s feet”
Not so long ago, milling cutters began to be used for tillers, which were called “crow’s feet”. They have proven themselves well, they are most often used for processing hard and difficult soils. It is these cutters that are used when cultivation needs to be carried out in difficult conditions, on stony soils. The construction of the crow’s feet is made solid, which provides the highest indicators of equipment durability. The cutters are available in standard sizes:
Milling cutter Hound’s feet # 8221.
- the width of the knives is 41 cm
- the length of the knives is 38 cm
- height of construction 38 cm
- the mass of the cutter is 16 kg
- the permissible operating speed of the cultivator with such knives is 2-5 km / h.
What are the advantages of the crow’s feet cutter, can you install it yourself? It is convenient for soil cultivation, weed control. The rest of the models cannot do the job better. For stony and hard ground, the crow’s feet cutter is simply irreplaceable. Of the advantages, it should be noted that the steel of the cutter in this case is weldable. If necessary, you can make repairs at home, and not buy new knives, as it is costly.
This type of cutter also has disadvantages. The main disadvantage is that conventional carbon steel is used for manufacturing. The strength of the structure itself is at a high level, but the material is slightly inferior to other varieties. Such a cutter should be regularly inspected when work is carried out on clay soils, during the cultivation of virgin lands. The cutter blades can be bent or simply broken. However, the repair is not too difficult, a welding machine is usually used for a broken knife, after which the fracture is carefully polished.
When assembling the circuit, you should work together, since the weight of the structure is significant. It is important not to confuse the direction of installation of the knives on the axis. When assembling, the sharpening must point towards the cultivated soil. To strengthen the cutter, a stopper is used, it is placed on the output axis.
Tiller cutters are actively used for robots with soil. I will help you:
- to humiliate the Burians;
- shriek the ground;
- mix the shari to the ground;
- vir_vnyuyut the surface of the field;
- burn good.
Shablepodibny milling cutter for rakhunok formyh climbed zdatna viconati practically all robots.
Tsey іnstrument is highly productive in the sample of waterlogged, clayey and woody soil. Milling cutter vikoristovuyutsya for polishing onions and pasovish.
Freesi are created in decilkokh prototypes, or some extensions, two of them:
- with saber knives;
- “Goose paws”;
The first option can be called a standard, it is the most popular among the hliborobiv and the old viconati is practically all delivered to the plant. With a headache є form climbed. Milling type, vikonanі zі steelі, rozbіrnі, even tsei material not to be used.
“Goose paws”. the price is usually a new model on the market. Її actively vikoristovuyut for processing hard types of soils. Tsі models are whole and unsettled, so we get a positive effect on their mіtsnіst. Inadequate form є those who wind up on the shovels. To that, turn her beautifully on the clean land. “Goose paws” are used for oraning the soil before planting the cartoons, especially if the soil has hard breasts. Also, it’s stagnant for pre-winter robots on a land plot with the help of the prevention of Colorado beetles and other schoolchildren.
Glad to get the freesi
The cutter, when installed on the tiller, is a part with an awkward design. Before starting to fold, it is necessary to get familiar with the already running cutters. Tse allow vrahuvati special design of this tool.
When the milling cutter is folded for the tiller, it is necessary to come to a special respect for the correctness of the folding. It is necessary to have unique views of the design. A touch of disrespectful folding can be the destruction of a tiller’s axle: you will be pulled in one direction.
When installing the cutter on the tiller, it is important not to overturn the teeth wrapping directly.
Fakhіvtsі razvit vygotovlyati elements with a diameter of not more than 500 mm. It is necessary to move the tool into the ground by 260 mm due to the given parameters of the building. Є the ability to hop close to a meter of soil at a time.
Stem-like milling cutter. more baking and lowering the risk of injury to the operator in every case of the tool. The staff of the last knives’ smelt stink enter the ground the last time, without blows and rips.
Self-made milling cutters have served as long as necessary, according to the rules of operation. When the tiller is launched, the guilt stink is known over the surface of the ground. For this, it is necessary to run the wraps, lower the shovels into the ground, and start until the soil is crushed.
Yak with your own hands rotate a cutter for a tiller?
A milling cutter for a tiller with his own hands can be used without special vitrates and zusil. Tsey component є is practical for all items in sets. Ale, if you need to increase the width or the depth of the soil, you can remove and install additional elements. Such an upgrade will allow the productivity of robotic cultivators and accelerate the process of robots with soil.
a tiller is necessary for a visitor to the silkskogospodarsky robots: oranka, cultivation, larynx, harvesting.
tiller. an indispensable helper when working with land cultivation and soil cultivation. The whole machine is the front part of the tractor, changed in size, from Plow’s hands. Win two wheels and moving the internal combustion. On the holders, most often all necessary buttons and control changes are.
Instructions on the stem of the cutter
Scheme of picking a cutter for a tiller.
Gathering permits to adjust the width of the grip of the dilyanka for the particularity of the land dilyanka. To prepare simple milling cutters on the tiller, you need:
- metal tube of small sizes in diameter not more than 42 mm;
- details that you can pick up for digging up the earth;
- zvaryuvalny apparatus;
- Angle Grinder.
As for the details, you can choose not to use the resources from the car, or the surplus from any kind of technology, such as go for Vimogs. The shovels of the milling cutters need to be taken for sizes and bend in one straight line. Let us, for the help of the equipment, bring them to the trumpet from the other sides. When bazhannі, the wood can be sharpened right next to the perebachuvany ruha. I’m ready to add the design to the tiller until it is ready. The construction is ready by the end of the week. When a breakdown occurs in the robot, the device can be learned and adjusted.
Zbirannya frezi on the tiller vimagat deyakikh zusil i hour, or the result of the robot does not bother to check. You can only use the cutter on your own, as you will be able to maximize your visibility and the special features of the land plot and soil.