Do-it-yourself cart dimensions for a walk-behind tractor
Dacha with their own hands
How to make a trolley for a walk-behind tractor with your own efforts
For most people, for household purposes, a walk-behind tractor is one of the most important and useful tools. Thanks to him, you can not only engage in soil cultivation, but also carry out the transportation of various things: all kinds of fertilizers, or hay, fuel or the harvested crop. But how can this be done if this tool does not have any special devices? The way out of this situation is quite simple and it can be a trolley for a walk-behind tractor.
It is quite possible to make it yourself, and, by the way, you can save your money. And all because for the manufacture of such a cart, you need quite ordinary materials that have a low cost. And so that the trolley for the walk-behind tractor turns out to be durable. It is worth doing it yourself, using modern drawings and dimensions of other similar products.
The main structural elements of the trolley
Now we will try to consider the simplest trolley project, which will easily transport up to 450 kg, and also such a trolley will be equipped with a comfortable driver’s seat.
Any trailer can be conditionally divided into the following structural elements:
- trolley with body,
- center frame,
- driver’s seat.
Since heavy loads will mainly fall on a certain area, the entire trolley should be reinforced with special stiffeners.
What materials is the trolley frame made of??
The frame must be welded very carefully as it will withstand bad country roads.
What can be used to make axles for wheels?
In order to make an axle for the wheels of the future trolley, you need to take a metal rod having a diameter of 30 mm and connected by a welding seam with a longitudinal hinge and with corner supports. The length of this rod should be approximately 1050 mm (no less). It is necessary to select it in such a way that the wheels of the cart cannot go beyond its limits.
We make a case for a cart.
If you want to know about what materials the cart for the walk-behind tractor is made of, then you should know that inexpensive, but very durable materials can be used for this case. As for the installation of this product, remember that it is quite easy to independently assemble a body from wooden boards, 20-25mm in thickness. By the way, they will be fixed on the corners with special steel corners. These boards are bolted to the frame.
Since you have to deal with the transportation of large loads, it is best to make the sides folding: due to this, it will be easier for you to unload things of a large volume. As wheels, you can use old wheels from some old agricultural equipment. But in the event that you have no time to search for them, then wheels from an ordinary motorcycle sidecar may also come up.
The axis must be honed to the desired diameter. This trolley for a walk-behind tractor will have excellent cross-country ability. It will be possible to transport any cargo on the most impassable roads.
We manufacture a trailer hitch from any metal piece. To do this, it will be necessary to make a hole in it, into which our coupling will easily pass.
It is best to make a swivel assembly from a bearing that has the diameter you need. It must be well secured by welding. These bearings should be covered with special anthers, while filling their entire space with grease. If you do not properly protect the bearings, then from external influences, the trolley will not be able to serve you for a long time.
DIY bcs walk behind tractor ride on utility trailer
Now it’s time to make the bottom of the cart for the walk-behind tractor. And the bottom can be made from edged boards. But the safer option is sheet metal. It is best to choose a sheet with a thickness of 2-3 mm.
Now you know how to make a trolley for a walk-behind tractor with your own hands. In addition to our recommendations, you should watch a video on this topic. And if you do everything right, then this trolley for the walk-behind tractor will serve you faithfully for a long time. All in all, we wish you the best of luck with your design.
What does the trolley for a walk-behind tractor consist of?
To get a trailer, the master needs to do:
- axle and chassis;
In addition, when working, they use:
- wheel hubs;
- wheels with tires;
- towed vehicle.
[stextbox parts are bought ready-made, since it is difficult and impractical to make with your own hands. [/ stextbox]
This element is considered the most difficult to manufacture. Therefore, experienced craftsmen recommend building a chassis on the Zhigulevsky bridge or making a VAZ 2109 from a beam. If there are no car parts available, they are made independently.
Power Barrow for walk-behnd tractor (2nd-generation type)
To manufacture the axle, a beam with a thickness of more than 30 mm and a length of about 1 m is used. Hubs are installed at the edges of the pipe. The axle is welded to the frame on the supports prepared in advance.
[stextbox attention! The axle length is chosen so that the wheels do not protrude much beyond the trailer. If the length is chosen less than the prescribed length, then the wheels can cling to the edges and interfere with movement. [/ Stextbox]
By the type of body part, the device is divided into the following types:
- solid models;
- with opening sides;
- dump carts.
One-piece structures are used to transport heavy loads. The sides are rigidly connected to each other and do not open. Strong adhesion of the sides allows you to transport goods in bulk or packaged form.
Swing-out sides facilitate loading and unloading the trailer. The reinforced frame allows them to be used as additional space. Depending on the purpose of using the trolley, the walls are made opening from the back and sides.
Dump trucks are mainly used for the transportation of bulk materials. The tipping system allows the load to be dumped onto the surface, making unloading faster and easier. For large heavy-duty carts, a hydraulic lift is installed.
[stextbox attention! The choice of body type depends on the purpose of using the trailed equipment. If the master does not plan to transport bulk materials, then it is preferable to make a structure with opening sides. The trailer will be stronger due to the lack of moving elements. [/ Stextbox]
How to make a cart for a walk-behind tractor
Farming requires a lot of time and effort. Factory trailed equipment greatly facilitates the work on the site, but it costs a lot of money. Step-by-step instructions on how to make a cart for a walk-behind tractor with your own hands will help you acquire a useful device for transporting goods. And the drawings, dimensions and photos of the process will tell you how to do the job correctly.
An important addition to any self-propelled cart is the presence of a braking system. The trailer behaves safely at low speed and on level ground. But when transporting heavy loads, the situation changes dramatically.
The larger the mass, the higher the inertial force. A loaded trailer is difficult to move and stop after accelerating. Therefore, the presence of a braking system is considered an important element of the safety of the device.
A trailer with brakes is made from off-the-shelf automotive parts. A parking brake will do. The pedal is placed next to the driver’s footrest. The cable is passed under the frame and connected to the brake pads of the wheels.
When you press the pedal, the cable is stretched, the brake pads block the movement of the wheels.
[stextbox attention! The task will be simplified if the master uses the chassis on the Zhiguli bridge with the brake system installed. All that remains is to connect the cable. [/ Stextbox]
An important element that connects the trailer to the walk-behind tractor. The drawbar of the trailer is made of 2 metal profiles 60×60 in a two-beam scheme. The beams are welded to the corners of the front of the frame and to each other. For the reliability of the connection, the joints are reinforced. The result is a triangular design.
To implement the simplest hitch, a reinforcement ring with a thickness of at least 20 mm is welded to the drawbar. It is permissible to use an automobile coupling mechanism between the towbar and the trailer. This will simplify the task and provide the necessary strength.
[stextbox The hitch mechanism must fit the mount of the walk-behind tractor. Otherwise, traffic will become more difficult and may lead to equipment breakdown. [/ Stextbox]
In some cases, it is important that the trailer stands level after disconnecting from the walk-behind tractor. For this, a movable support is welded to the drawbar joint. When unfolding, it creates the necessary emphasis.
Tools and materials
Assembly is directly related to metal processing. Therefore, it is important to have on hand a welding machine, a grinder and a set of discs for cutting and grinding metal parts.
In addition to these tools, the work involves:
- tape measure or other measuring devices;
- clamps for welding, clamps;
- drill and drill bits for metal;
You will also need the following materials:
- metal profile 60×60 mm or 60×30 mm for the frame;
- metal profile 30×30 mm or 25×25 mm for crossbars;
- corners 25×25 mm for the body;
- steel sheet 2 mm thick for the bottom;
- galvanized sheet 1 mm for finishing the sides;
- fasteners: bolts, hinges, nuts, rivets.
[stextbox attention! To simplify the assembly of the chassis, they take the wheels together with the hubs. [/ Stextbox]
This part bears the main load of the trailer, so it should be as strong as possible.
The frame is a one-piece welded structure from a metal profile along a spar system. The step-by-step build process is as follows:
- The outer contour is made from a strong pipe 60×60 mm, and for cross-beams (traverses) 30×30 mm are used.
- Parts are cut and laid out on a flat surface.
- The joints are welded with small seams.
- Before weld the frame thoroughly, check the correctness of the assembly with a square. All angles must be 90 °.
- After checking the correctness of the connections, a thorough welding is carried out.
- The finished frame is primed and painted.
Do-it-yourself cultivator for a walk-behind tractor. Do-it-yourself flat cutter for a walk-behind tractor
In recent years, many land owners are increasingly using new technical developments that can make life much easier and spend much less time on performing certain tasks. Motoblocks, cultivators, mini-tractors and other devices have a tangible impact on the life of an agronomist.
If earlier traditional boots were relevant, which forced to work heavy soil in a half-bent state for more than one hour, today they are replaced by innovative flat cutters designed for operation together with a walk-behind tractor.
Advantages of MTZ models
- Versatility, thanks to which you can connect any attachment to the walk-behind tractor to facilitate agricultural work. The design provides not only the use of plows, cutters, harrows, and other things, but also brushes, plows and snow blowers for cleaning the territory.
- Small size, allowing the walk-behind tractor not to take up much space during storage.
- Maneuverability thanks to a well-thought-out design despite the significant weight of the unit.
- Easy to maintain.
- The ability to repair without resorting to the services of service centers.
- Low requirements for the quality of fuel and lubricant.
- Spare parts availability.
Cultivator for the MTZ walk-behind tractor. Description
The active growth and development of small-scale farming in the 90s provoked industrial enterprises to produce compact units to facilitate the performance of agricultural work. These machines significantly outperformed tractors that the average farmer could not afford to maintain. They were not only compact in size, but also highly maneuverable and efficient.
However, the Minsk Tractor Plant (MTZ) by this time had already presented small-sized models Belarus-05, MTZ 082 and MTZ 112 on the agricultural market, which immediately gained popularity due to their reliable design and ease of maintenance. Serial production increased and it was decided to transfer further production to the Smorgon Aggregate Plant, which was a branch.
The MTZ lineup was expanded with motoblocks with different characteristics and, accordingly, they wore different indexes in the name 05, 06, 07, 08, 09, 10 and 12. But only some 05, 06, 08, 09 and 12 gained popularity thanks to the successful combination functionality and reliability. To date, the main attention at MTW enterprises is paid to the production of models 06 and 09.
Disadvantages of MTZ walk-behind tractors
- High cost compared to analogues from other manufacturers;
- Fuzzy gear fixation (as noted by the owners);
- The need to apply effort to switch the differential;
- Compulsory running-in before use.
- The weight. It can be attributed to the advantages and disadvantages at the same time, because with such walk-behind tractors it is rather difficult to manage on wet soil.
Cultivator for the Neva walk-behind tractor. Equipment for plowing land
Most often, a motor unit is bought to be used as a motor cultivator for performing the most difficult work on the ground: autumn plowing and cultivation of the fertile layer. Due to the very high torque at the output of the power reducer of 7-10 hp. enough to process even loamy or saline soils in several passes.
To restore the soil structure, the manufacturer offers the following tool options for work:
- A plow for a neva walk-behind tractor with a hitch is most often equipped with a standard or universal design of a hitch with a frame. The walk-behind tractor allows you to plow medium-weight soil, roots and young growth of trees;
- Cultivators and cutters for the “Neva MB 2” walk-behind tractor allow you to plow the soil more deeply and thoroughly, cut the roots of weeds, turn the remains of vegetation into mulch, use the walk-behind tractor as a multicultivator.
In addition to the single design, there are paired plows that allow processing with a pair of cutting edges with a soil dump in two rows, as in the photo. But it is recommended to work with such serious devices on motor units “Neva MB 23” or “Neva MB23SD”.
You should not expect to plow virgin soils with a walk-behind tractor, medium-heavy soil with a large number of roots and weeds, as a rule, “too tough” even for heavy MB 23 walk-behind tractors. The Neva was created to work on already plowed soil. In this case, milling cutters, cultivators and plows work great.
On salt marshes and clay soils, the power of rotation of the lugs and their weight is not always sufficient to plow the compacted soil layer. Often, hooks are welded with additional weights, for example, flywheels from trucks, which lowers the center of gravity of the walk-behind tractor, makes it more stable and makes it 20-25 kg heavier. The width of one lug wheel is 210 mm with a diameter of 460 mm.
With the help of the attachment to the motor unit of the hiller, it is possible to quite successfully loosen the earth, both before planting, and to remove weeds in the rows between plants. But it is quite difficult to work with such a device, knowledge of the specifics of the instrument setting is required.
Homemade cultivator for a walk-behind tractor with your own hands. For mini tractor
To make a homemade cultivator for a minitractor or for a walk-behind tractor with your own hands, you will need metal plates, square. 1515 centimeters in size, rectangular. 254 centimeters and a steel pipe. You need to start making a cultivator with cutters.
In order for the cutters to be reliable and suitable for processing all types of soil, and not only loose chernozem, they need to be assembled with bolts. holes need to be drilled in the blanks, the number of which depends on the size of the metal strips, which will serve as blades.
The longer their length, the more holes are needed in order to securely fix them. Further, the strips are fixed on the workpieces, overlapping each other in a circle, and clamped with bolts.
Welding can also be used for these connections. but in this case, they will not be strong enough, and repairing and replacing the knives will be difficult. Welding is used here to connect the cutters together. For this, holes are made in the workpieces, the diameter of which must correspond to the outer diameter of the pipe.
The cutters are put on over it and fixed with tacks, or short seams. This product can now be put on the shaft of a mini tractor and used as intended.
Flat cutters on a walk-behind tractor: advantages and disadvantages of operating the device
Flat cutters can be safely called a kind of hybrid of a harrow and a knife. They are mounted parallel to the ground or at a slight angle. As a result, the device is immersed in the soil to a shallow depth and cuts off the roots of weeds, thereby turning the soil itself, contributing to a better preservation of moisture and nutrients.
In addition to these positive aspects, flat cutters:
- improve the condition of the soil;
- destroy the crusts and lumps formed after heavy rain;
- scare off pests;
- prepare the soil for long-distance planting of plants;
- carry out inter-row cultivation of crops;
- saturate the upper layer with oxygen.
Naturally, in some cases, the owners purchase flat cutters with a ripper for a walk-behind tractor, which not only perform the mentioned tasks, but also remove unnecessary load from a person, are easy to operate, do not need to be lifted and are distinguished by excellent productivity. Such devices often have a fairly affordable cost, but some craftsmen manage to create flat-cut rippers for a walk-behind tractor with their own hands.
What it is?
The trolley for the walk-behind tractor is a towing device that is equipped with a solid frame and sides. It is used to transport various goods. The use of this design does not imply travel on public roads and the presence of a driver’s license, therefore, it does not have special aesthetic or technical requirements. All criteria in appearance relate to ease of use.
Trailer bogies can have different designs, however, there is also a general scheme. Trailed for a walk-behind tractor consists of:
- from the frame;
- drawbar (hitch);
- driver’s seat;
- steering gear;
If it is intended to use a structure for the transportation of oversized cargo, then its sides can be reinforced with additional stiffening ribs. In the absence of them in the factory design, the flaw can be easily corrected by yourself.
In addition, heavy-duty structures must be equipped with brakes. This rule applies to trolleys with a load capacity of more than 350 kg. If this rule is neglected, then the trailed one can turn over on the go.
In the factory configurations, as well as in the home-made ones, there should be stops that will help the structure disconnected from the walk-behind tractor to maintain its original position.
Trailed equipment, depending on the size, configuration and area of operation, are divided into types. Depending on the size of the carts, there are:
- average weight;
Lightweight structures are equipped with low-power machines that can move up to 3 quintals of cargo. The dimensions of such a product are up to 1 m in width and up to 1, 15 in length. The height of the sides depends on what kind of goods will be transported on it.
Carts of the middle weight category are attached to walk-behind tractors with a capacity of up to 8-9 liters. from. In this case, the length of the product may be longer than in the previous variation (up to 1.5 m).
As for heavy structures, only heavy motoblocks with a capacity of up to 15-17 liters can transport them loaded. from. The dimension of the product in this case will be 1.2 m in width and up to 3 m in length. These dimensions assume the transportation of not only agricultural products (garden), but also any materials for construction (construction) or raising the site. This modification is considered multifunctional.
Also trailers are divided:
- on structures with one or two axles;
- two- and four-wheeled;
- standard and with folding sides.
Two-axle bogies are small in size, four wheels and designed for small loads. Four-axle variations are mainly found among heavy-duty, long trailers. Due to this number of axles, a large load is distributed more evenly, the trailed one maintains balance and holds the road well.
The trailer is two- or four-wheeled, depending on its dimensions. The leading axle in both cases is the front axle. In small structures, two wheels and supports are enough so that the load does not fall when disconnected from the vehicle. In addition, fewer wheels make trailing easier.
The standard trailer cart has blank side walls and a rear opening. This is necessary for the convenience of loading. Trolleys with hinged sides are designed to transport both regular and bulk goods. It is for bulk materials that the folding side boards have been developed. It should be noted that such a design, most often, is supplemented by the possibility of dump unloading (as in the TM-500 model).
But there are several more types of trailers for a walk-behind tractor, a review of which needs to be done. So, there are self-propelled carts with steering control. This design is reminiscent of the first cars to use the engine under the seat. The maneuverability of such a unit is due to the presence of a hub on bearings.
There are also trailed winter options. They are created on the basis of a conventional trolley by installing all-season or winter tires. Such modifications can be used to remove snow from the backyard area.
Carts for a walk-behind tractor: types, features of choice and fastening
- What it is?
- Dimensions and materials
- How to choose?
- Famous manufacturers
- How to connect?
The motoblock is one of the units in agriculture that is in high demand. With its help, almost all work can be done on a personal plot or a small farm. One of the most essential functions is the transportation of all kinds of goods and materials. On the walk-behind tractor, you can perform such actions only if you have trailed equipment in the form of a small cart.
One of the most important parts of the bogie is the hitch. It is of three types:
But there are other divisions of these devices. So, some manufacturers produce a special type of mounts that are suitable only for certain models of walk-behind tractors. Such structures are produced in the form of two fasteners in the shape of the letter “P”, which are connected by a profile with a square section.
And there are universal ones. With their help, you can fix the trailer on a walk-behind tractor of any brand, be it “Zubr” or “Forza”. Looks like modifications such as two small frames connected with balls. This type of hitch is considered the most reliable.
A distinctive feature of factory couplings is their low weight. And the departure height in them can be adjusted if necessary. However, if the installation of the hitch is impossible for any reason, then an adapter with a hook can be an excellent solution.
Brakes are an important detail in the trailer design. They are used for trolleys with a large carrying capacity. The best option are disc structures with a hub, which are brought into working condition from the engine of the walk-behind tractor.
However, a simple trolley can also be equipped with a standing handbrake.
How to choose?
In order to choose a trailer for a walk-behind tractor, it is necessary to analyze the totality of the qualities of all its components, as well as its compatibility with the walk-behind tractor.
The first thing that you need to pay close attention to is the working part of the trailer. the body. It can be made of steel or galvanized metal. The first option is considered more reliable, and the second is more durable. But when choosing a galvanized body, it is necessary to evaluate the thickness of the metal. If it is small, then it will not be able to withstand heavy loads. The permissible tonnage can be found out by paying attention to the numbers in the name of the trailed.
When buying this equipment, plastic models can also be found on the market, however, it is better not to pay attention to the low price. Such a trailer will not be able to serve for a long time due to the low strength properties of the material. You will have to constantly think about keeping the sides intact during loading or how not to overdo it with the weight of the cargo.
You also need to think about the frequency of use of this design. The required design of the sides depends on this. If the trailer is supposed to be used constantly, then the folding sides with a tipper unloading system can significantly save working time.
You should also find out about the quality of the hubs on the wheels, since the serviceability of the brake system depends on them. Most often they are produced from two types of material. These are cast iron and steel. The first option will fail much faster, which cannot be said about the second. Strong steel alloys are quite hardy, durable and reliable.
And the last thing worth paying some attention to is the ground clearance. When driving in fields and plowing, this criterion is especially important. The distance from the ground to the trolley should not be too small, otherwise, when loaded, the structure may touch the ground. But a high height is also unacceptable, since loading will be much more difficult.
Considering all the parameters, we can say that the best option for a full-size bogie can be a budget option called TM-360 of domestic production. The carrying capacity of this trailer is 360 kg. One of its main advantages, in addition to general satisfactory performance, is temperature tolerance. This device can be easily operated in almost any part of Russia. The design can withstand temperature drops from 30 to 40 degrees.
Dimensions and materials
The dimensions of the trailed one are directly proportional to the horsepower of the walk-behind tractor. Also, when choosing the dimension of the trolley, it is necessary to determine the range of transported goods. If you do not intend to use a structure for transporting building materials, then it is better not to buy a large trailed one. This will cost more and create an additional load on the walk-behind tractor. A garden cart with standard dimensions 120×115 will be the best option.
Most often, the material for the body of the carts is sheet steel, and for the frame. a channel or corner. But there are also galvanized options on the market. Their cost may be higher, but the benefits are obvious. The galvanized coating keeps the metal from corrosion. This design will last much longer than just painted metal.
Most of the trailed equipment on the modern market is assembled in Russia. And such trailers are in demand, as the devices are designed taking into account the local climatic conditions, as well as the types of soil and its relief. In addition, such models have a lower cost compared to foreign counterparts. The same statement is true for spare parts, which are much easier and cheaper to purchase in the manufacturing country. Of the Russian firms for the production of trailed ones, one can single out “Krasny Oktyabr”, “Zubr”, “MTZ”.
As for foreign manufacturers, Hyundai is one of the best representatives. The model of the bogie from this company TR 1200 has received simply universal recognition due to its modest price and excellent quality. It is a trolley with an average payload of 300 kg, has a maximum driving speed of 15 km / h, and has mechanical brakes. The body length of this product is 240 cm, the height is 69 cm, and the width is 23 cm. The direction of loading and unloading is only backward. This instance not only can move heavy loads, but also meets all safety standards.
How to connect?
First, you need to turn the body over and install the hubs. In this case, you need to know that in most structures they are different and must be mounted in strict accordance with the diagram. Then the stop of the brake cable is installed, which should be directed to the front of the cart. Then comes the installation of the drawbar of the trailer in two places. After that, a brake band and a brake cable are put in direct sequence. It must be pulled. Then put the wheels and fix their discs with O-rings. At the end, you need to attach the caps to the wheels. The trailer is turned over and the fenders, if any, are installed. Most often, each part has two mounts. At the end, the seat is twisted and screwed to the body. The motoblock trailer is ready to go.
How to make a trolley for a walk-behind tractor, see the next video.