Do-it-yourself double-row hiller for a tiller
Tiller double row hiller
Long gone are the days when only a shovel and a hoe were in the gardener’s arsenal. Today, gardening is much easier and more enjoyable, because there are various mechanical and motorized devices on sale, such as, for example, a two-row tiller for a tiller. Let’s find out what this detail is.
Tiller work with a two-row hiller
As the name implies, a two-row hiller is an attachment for a tiller that allows you to fill in the earth (hilling), that is, to simultaneously process a row on both sides. In addition, this device makes it possible to cut ridges no longer by hand, but using a tiller. that is, quickly, conveniently and with minimal labor costs. Planting potatoes is also possible with a two-row tiller hiller: first, furrows are made on the site, then potatoes are manually scattered (here it is important to observe the required interval between future bushes), and after that the hiller will help you fill the furrow with earth again.
The hiller also performs other useful functions. for example, loosening the soil in the aisles and simultaneously destroying weeds. In short, such equipment can greatly facilitate your work. The main thing is to correctly set up your two-row tiller.
How to set up a two-row hiller on a tiller?
The attachment of the nozzle on the tiller is carried out using special couplings. as a rule, these are SV-2 and SV-1/1. Also, to install the hiller, you must have lugs available. Their diameter should be at least 600 mm so that the tiller gearbox does not cling to potato tops during operation.
An important point is the correct orientation of the hiller so that it is directed exactly parallel to the beds. This is achieved by adjusting two bolts on a bracket that fixes the hiller post to the tiller frame.
When setting up the hiller, you need to select the optimal angle of attack and furrow width. This is necessary so that both ridges of soil after hilling are the same height. The hilling depth (angle of attack) is regulated in two ways. Firstly, this is influenced by the installation of the hiller itself into one of the mounting holes. Secondly, adjustable hillers have a screw adjustment: when the handle is turned, the angle between the nozzle frame and the tiller changes.
The distance between the furrows is adjusted by sliding or expanding the frame attachment brackets.
Features of the hiller with variable working width
If you are thinking about how to make disc tiller for a tiller, then you should know that such tools are most convenient if they have a variable working width. This is due to the fact that they have an adjusting mechanism, with its help you can adjust the position of the wings. This allows for a variable width between rows. Such hillers are used in tandem with tillers, the motor of which demonstrates a power of up to 4 liters. from. and more.
Among the disadvantages of such tools, one can single out significant energy intensity. The main advantage of disc hillers is the successful combination of the tool with the tiller. In the process of using such a tool, you will achieve the greatest efficiency.
Features of making hiller discs
When a disc hiller is made for a tiller with his own hands, the master should certainly consider the drawings. In addition, it must be remembered that the working blades must be prepared from the steel of the same density. In order to make a tool, you need to choose the type of discs. They will be steel sheets with a thickness of 2 mm. These components of the hiller should have lower edges that should be bent. The main condition is that the disks should be located symmetrically in relation to each other. Otherwise, the tool will lead to the side, which will complicate the work of the summer resident. When creating a structure, you can use plowshares that were borrowed from an old seeder. These elements, when a do-it-yourself disk hiller for a tiller is made, the drawings of which you can take from our article, must be mounted at an angle. In addition, you will need to maintain a step between the lower points, which should be equal to the width of the wheel track. This parameter is equivalent to the width between rows. The elements can be connected to each other using bolts; it is permissible to use a welding machine. The discs must be mated to each other using an adjustable adapter. In addition to discs, stands, screw lanyards, and a leash act as the main elements of the tool. The last of them must be done in the form of the letter T.
The do-it-yourself disk hiller for the tiller should be made using lanyards, which are needed in order to adjust the axis of rotation of the disks. This tool should be fixed to the tiller by means of a beam that has wings. During the manufacture and installation of parts, the specified size must be carefully observed.
Before starting work, you need to study the drawings of the disc hiller for the tiller, but if you do not intend to do the manufacturing work yourself, then you can purchase a propeller tool. At the heart of his work. special propellers, under the influence of which the soil is first crushed, and then weeds are removed from it. And only then the loose soil is used for hilling.
Tool manufacturing options
A do-it-yourself disk hiller for a tiller can be made using one of two technologies. One of them involves the use of a variable, the other is a fixed wing width. In the first method, the distance between the discs can be changed by the method of rearranging the racks.
A do-it-yourself disc hiller for a tiller can be made in such a way that it is possible to facilitate work with the tool. For this, it is necessary to provide for the presence of sleeve bearings. Once the bearings are installed, you can improve the reliability of the tool. In this case, you should not use slip bushings.
Features of self-made disc hiller
Before making a do-it-yourself disk hiller for a tiller, you will need to prepare the necessary materials. You will need to use a template made of steel. The thickness of the latter should be equal to 2 millimeters. From the canvas, you will need to cut out the halves of the tool. These workpieces must be bent until they coincide with the radius, only then can you start welding. Weld seams should be machined with an angle grinder. If necessary, the elements need to be welded, and then cleaned well. Ultimately, you should get an even layer of metal, the surface of which should be perfect.
How to make a do-it-yourself disc hiller for a tiller?
If you have a summer cottage, then you probably grow potatoes on it, the cultivation of which will be easier with the help of special tools. Among them is the disc hiller for the tiller. With your own hands, this tool can be made with ease. A simple model of this type of hiller can be made from improvised tools.
Making a lister hiller
The simplest option for making a hiller is to make a model that has a fixed working width. This design is represented by wings, which are connected and somewhat spread apart, as well as fixed to each other. There should be 2 such elements in the equipment. Due to the fact that the wings remain stationary, it will be impossible to adjust the working width. Therefore, the width between the beds will need to be adjusted to the tool, and not vice versa. A do-it-yourself disk hiller for a tiller, as a rule, is made according to the principle of factory equipment, the gripping width of the tool is 30 cm, which is not very convenient, because the width between the dispersion of potatoes assumes a parameter equal to 60 centimeters. The presence of thin racks acts as a feature of lister hillers. This allows you to withstand overloads of the cultivator when carrying out the destruction of the tool into the ground.
Do-it-yourself hiller for a tiller
To make a tiller for a tiller with your own hands, you will need the following tools:
- Welding machine for iron, preferably arc.
- angle grinder with accessories.
- Drill with different attachments.
- Electric emery.
- Gas burner for hardening and heating metal.
- Workbench or vise.
- Consumables (bolts, nuts) and files.
You will need parts that will make up a homemade hiller for a tiller.
In order to get started, you need to acquire drawings and diagrams of the hiller.
Manufacturing diagrams and drawings of the tiller hiller can be found in special literature or in the operating instructions for the motor cultivator.
The diagram indicates the tool sizes that will best fit the device. 1-2cm deviations are allowed.
Disk devices are good helpers for heavy work on the ground.
Do-it-yourself disk hiller for a tiller. the easiest to make.
You will need the following tools and materials:
- metal layers 2 mm thick;
- bearings and oil seals;
- screw lanyards;
- T-shaped leash;
The discs are installed at an angle to each other, the top of the formed triangle is directed forward. The other 2 angles must be equal. If this condition is not met, then the tiller will be constantly skidded, which is not very convenient when working and additional configuration will be required.
The sheets of the disc hiller for the tiller are connected to each other by welding or bolts. Lanyards are attached to them, which perform the function of adjustment when double turning.
Homemade disc hiller is best assembled by following the instructions in the drawings.
There is a second way to self-assemble disc products: the plow is connected to the cultivator using a bracket. The leash is attached to the hitch with a stopper, bolted together. The stopper is inserted into the square tube and then tightened.
Making propeller hillers
It is worth considering how to collect active hillers (propeller).
For assembly, you will need the following tools and materials:
- metal layer 2 mm thick;
- apparatus for welding metals (arc);
- angle grinder with additional discs;
- consumable material (bolts, nuts, etc.);
- bearings and oil seals;
- T-leash and stand.
Active or rotary hillers are in great demand. They can be made both single-row and double-row.
The double-row rotary hiller has its own advantages: with its help, the cultivation of potatoes is 2 times faster.
Propeller attachments have a drawback: they only fit 3-speed tillers (2 forward and 1 reverse).
The assembly method is similar to the manufacture of disc hillers. They are connected to a motor cultivator using brackets and a rack with a T-shaped leash. The distance between the blade discs is chosen by the owner himself, adjusting to the size of his cultivator and the width of the rows.
Double-row hillers are the same lister device, only instead of one “triangle” they attach two.
For manufacturing you will need:
- 4 metal foxes with a thickness of 2 to 4 mm;
- welding and fixing tools.
The base of the product itself is made from denser sheets of metal. It should be heavier than the tillers themselves, because it bears the main load and heaviness during work.
Hillers are made from a thin sheet of metal, bending the wings outward. In this case, a pipe of the required diameter should be used.
The rest of the fasteners are the same technology as disc tillers.
For better performance, you can mount additional wings to the tool. They are attached to the base through a system of hinges on the provided rods.
The angles of the wings can be adjusted to make even the toughest work easy.
How to make a hiller for a tiller with your own hands: disc, double-row, hedgehog, propeller, drawings and dimensions
Many gardeners and farmers are interested in how to make a hiller for a tiller. Modern agriculture is equipped with new technologies. One of the most important types of farm equipment is the tiller. Motorized cultivators are equipped with additional functions, such as: hiller, plow, opener, mower, snowplow, trailer, etc.
Types of hillers for tiller
a tiller with a hiller is an indispensable thing on the land, because it helps to process various types of crops, perform heavy agricultural work.
All accessories from the factory require certain costs. Farmers are thinking about how to make a hiller for a tiller with their own hands.
Types of tiller hillers:
Making a hedgehog hiller with your own hands
It will be more difficult to make a hedgehog hiller-weeding machine for a tiller than a disc or lister-type hiller. Therefore, before starting production, you should prepare more thoroughly by watching several video and photo instructions of various “homemade products”.
- First, using an angle grinder, cut 2 circles with a diameter of 27 cm and 2 circles with a diameter of 6 cm from sheet steel 5-8 mm thick, align the edge and sand well.
- Having determined the center of the large discs, cut out circles of a smaller diameter (about 15-16 cm) in them to make rings. In order to cut the inner circles, you will need a plasma cutter or drilling machine. The edges of the rings and the resulting middle discs should be leveled and cleaned. In small discs, drill a hole of about 2 cm; for this purpose, a drill and a metal crown are suitable.
- Using a drill and a metal drill, it is necessary to drill holes for fastening the spikes. In rings about 15 pieces, in medium discs. 10, in small discs. 5. Next, an angle grinder cut the edges of the discs and rings to the holes. The workpieces should resemble gears in shape.
- Now you need to make the hubs. For this, a steel pipe with a cross-sectional diameter of 25 mm and 4 bearing pipes suitable for the inner diameter is suitable. angle grinder cut off 2 pipe sections, grind the edge and inner surface on both sides, insert the bearings.
- Bore the middle discs in the center on a lathe to the diameter of the hubs. The disc must fit tightly onto the hub, but can be removed without additional tools.
- On a lathe, make thrust bushings (anthers) that cover the bearings. Two bushings should fit in diameter to the axles, and two. for a bolt of 10.
- We start the assembly from the axis, the bushing is put on it, then the bearing, the spacer sleeve and the bearing with the hub. A bushing with a smaller hole is placed on top, and the whole structure is fixed with a bolt. The second hub is assembled in the same way.
- You can start cutting spikes 6 cm long. For them, a steel wire with a diameter of 12 mm is taken, and cut at an angle of 45 ° from one end. There are as many such blanks as there are cutouts for them prepared on the discs and rings of the future hiller. Grind out unevenness of the cut edges of the spikes on emery. Weld them to discs and rings.
- The stage of assembling “hedgehogs” includes the installation of rings on the hubs (using templates: a sleeve and a washer welded to it along the inner diameter of the rings), medium and small discs. It is necessary to pay attention to the fact that all the studs “look” with the cutting edge in one direction, in the direction of travel. The installed parts are fixed by welding.
- Make spacer rods from wire with a diameter of 12 mm and weld to spiked parts, 6 for each hiller. Remove the templates, adjust the discs and weld again. Weld fastening sleeves to the free end of the axles. Paint structure to prevent corrosion.
- For the resulting “hedgehogs”, a frame from a disc hiller will be used, for which it is necessary to make brackets from a rod with a diameter of 30 mm and homemade bushings with a 16 bolt hole.
Knowing the principle of making homemade hillers, we can conclude which hiller is the best at work, and which is easier to assemble. The technology is the same, with the exception of small parts for each type of tiller. The setting of the fixture depends on the assembly method and type of equipment. Without buying factory plows, but making them yourself, you can save money.
What kind of tiller do you use for growing potatoes or other vegetable crops??
How to make hillers yourself
To make this essential tool in agriculture, it is very important to adhere to certain rules. And also, if possible, use the drawings. So it will be much faster, and most importantly, all the elements can be correctly installed so that as a result you do not have to redo anything. With their own hands, gardeners mainly make disc and lister species.
Having undertaken to make such a hiller, special attention must be paid to the molding of the discs themselves. They can be made from circular saws or used cutters from a seeder.
- welding machine or fasteners.
What do we have to do:
- The discs must be placed at an angle, keeping the distance between their lowest points. It is important that they are located symmetrically. Otherwise, the tiller will lead in different directions.
- All parts, including screw starleps, stands and leash, must be fixed with a welding machine or bolts. Connect discs with controlled adapters.
- Requires the use of the wing beam to secure the tool to the chiller.
Another key point is choosing the right angle of inclination and dive depth. To make this choice, it is enough to put movable parts with bolt fixation on the bracket.
After watching the video below, you can find out how to make other types of hillers, including single-row manual:
This is the classic unregulated version of the tiller hiller. It is he who is used by gardeners more often than others. The availability of drawings will greatly simplify the manufacturing process.
- metal sheets (2 mm, 3 mm, 5 mm, 8 mm thick);
- a strip of steel 4 mm wide;
- welding machine or fasteners.
- Make the base from a sheet of metal not thinner than 3 mm. This element will have soil resistance, therefore its strength should be as high as possible.
- Make the bracket from a 4 mm wide strip of steel. It is important not to forget about hardening this part.
- Next, make a field board. To do this, take a metal sheet with a thickness of 5 mm. The finished part must be hardened by means of a gas burner in several steps.
- The stand is made of 8 mm thick metal sheet. This part is made from the thickest sheet, since it is on it that the main load will fall.
- It remains to make wings from the thinnest (2 mm) steel sheet for the hiller. The wings must match in size with the selected drawing, otherwise it will not be possible to connect them correctly to the base. The metal needs to be slightly bent and fixed on the base by welding.
How this tool works and works
The equipment is used together with cutters that are mounted on the gearbox shaft. In the course of the tiller’s forward movements, the hiller deepens into the ground and forms a furrow with a depression of a certain depth. The dimensions of the sole of the depression allow the gardener to move along the ground without disturbing the furrows.
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At the same time, the hiller moves the soil from the depression upward, thus forming “ridges” with a fixed location.
In addition to the formation of furrows for planting crops, a hiller is needed for the following purposes:
- loosen the soil between the rows and sprinkle the plants at the same time;
- weed ready-made beds and get rid of weeds.
Most often it is used to plant potatoes, carrots, turnips or beets.
Endowed with a fixed tillage width. It is often used on rather weak tillers, whose power does not exceed four horsepower. It can handle beds about 30 cm wide. It has a thin stand and a pair of side wings. The stand protects the tool itself from overload and mechanical damage. This type of hiller can only be used on dry soil. soil adhesion will greatly interfere with the work of moving parts of the structure.
You can also find lister nozzles on which you can control the width of the tillage. They are intended for more powerful tillers. from four horsepower. Such a tool can also be used for working with moist soil.
Such hillers work with special propellers. Under their influence, they dig up the soil and remove the weeds, and only then can we begin to loosen the beds. This option is used for tillers with front wheel drive and a couple of speeds. This is due to the fact that at the last speed the power rises to almost 200 rpm.
It is versatile for soil cultivation. Working part. steel concave discs. Plunging into the ground for a given distance, they loosen it, thus forming a ridge. To make the use more efficient, the discs must be installed at an angle vertically and relative to the direction of travel.
Making a disc hiller for a tiller with your own hands is described below. Drawings and dimensions along with a photo are attached to the description of how to make the tool.
What are the types of hillers
There are such types of this technique:
- single row;
- double row;
a tiller is a truly indispensable unit when cultivating land before planting it. Hiller is a type of additional equipment used on tillers, which will speed up and improve the process of planting potatoes and pre-planting operations in general.
With variable working width
If we talk about hillers, the width of which can be changed, then it should be noted that they are used to work with powerful units weighing more than thirty kilograms.
Types of hillers, their characteristics
With the help of this unit, the process of making furrows on the soil surface and filling them with material for planting is carried out.
If you use a hiller, then the rows of planted potatoes will be even and spaced at an equal distance from each other. You can list several main types of hillers.
To choose the right tiller for a tiller, you need to note for yourself their main features and characteristics. There are many models of hillers, but the most common are the following:
- disc hillers;
- propeller type;
- with variable working width.
Disc tiller for tiller
The same type is more efficient. The lower the speed of the cultivating unit, the greater the power of the tiller itself. This helps to significantly extend the service life. In addition, disk drives are easier to handle and require less effort in the process. And the most important advantage of this type is its versatility. The unit can be used both before planting, and at a time when the part located above the soil increases.
This type is the simplest. They differ in that they have a strictly exposed furrow width, which will be covered by the device, and it cannot be changed, it does not depend on the distance between the rows. Usually the capture of such a hiller is no more than thirty centimeters. A characteristic feature. the hiller is equipped with installed stands that do not allow the tiller to overload during operation.
Propeller hillers are used on those tillers that are equipped with two forward gears.
When choosing a tiller for potatoes, a few more points should be taken into account. It is better to use equipment with a streamlined shape (a plow-shaped hiller is well suited), because they turn the soil out with less intensity, which does not allow it to lose moisture.
In addition, it is worth giving preference to steel tools with a sheet of greater width and with the presence of bearings. The size of the tiller is related to the size of the tiller and the length of the cultivated strip of land.
How to make a hiller for a tiller with your own hands? For this, there are many drawings and diagrams. In general, there is no difficulty in making a hiller with your own hands. Having picked up the right tiller, choose a scheme and get to work.
Below is an example of a lister type tiller.
Take a metal layer two millimeters thick. Then cut out the halves of the part from it according to the proposed template (taking into account the dimensions). Important! The halves must be symmetrical, otherwise this will affect the operation of the device in the future. Then bend both halves until the radii coincide, after which you weld them, making two or three passes. Next, process the welds.
It is very important to choose the correct drawing for the future product in order to avoid any inconsistencies (during work, the structure will begin to lead to the side, etc.). With high-quality and careful manufacturing, homemade equipment does not create any difficulties and hindrances when hilling.
You can also easily construct a do-it-yourself disc hiller for a tiller.
To create such a device, you can take plowshares (discs) from a seeder that has already served its life. Or they can be made directly from metal sheets (no more than 2 mm thick), then bend the edge of the lower edge. The distance observed between the points of the lower supports corresponds to the width of the track itself. Then the discs are fastened to each other, but with the discretion that the connecting elements can be adjusted.
In addition, for disc hillers for a tiller, screw turnbuckles, stands (which have already been mentioned) and a leash in the shape of the letter T are needed. Turnbuckles are attached directly to the motoblock device. For cutting furrows, the above type is better than others.
Do-it-yourself tiller hillers are always pleasing to the eye, and working with them is much more pleasant and faster.
Two forces are used. translational motion and rotation. An active hiller for a tiller requires the unit to have two gears and a power take-off shaft. The processing efficiency increases significantly, and the cost of the equipment rises accordingly. Therefore, just like the previous models, propeller-type hillers can and should be made independently.
Again, nothing but high quality iron, an angle grinder and a welding machine is required. The axles are adjusted to the tiller, the rest of the parts are simply arc-welded.
The advantage of this device is that it performs two tasks in one tiller pass.
The row-spacing is loosened, part of the land is simultaneously thrown onto the rows. That is, hilling occurs with loosened soil.
Adjustment of the propeller-type hiller is not required, only the distance between the nozzles is set. Different degree of loosening and hilling height is set by the shape of the lugs and installation angles relative to the axis of rotation.
You can make a pair of bushings with brackets, and a set of blades for different types of hilling. It will be enough to quickly change the hooks, and you will have a new tool every time, with practically no additional costs.
DIY potato hillers for tiller. the implementation of your locksmith talents and cost savings!
- How to make a potato ridger yourself
- Lister, fixed and adjustable angle
- Disc hillers
- Propeller hillers
- Practical setting of the hiller on the tiller
Correct processing of the personal plot significantly increases the yield of the planted crops. In modern conditions of lack of time, summer residents often resort to small-scale mechanization of garden work. tiller has not been a shortage for a long time, and you can find it in almost every household.
Having spent a certain amount on the purchase of this useful device, I want to save as much as possible during operation. One of the ways to save money is to make attachments with your own hands.
Of course, no one offers to forge a plow in a forge, as was done many decades ago. However, you cannot do without basic locksmith equipment.
To make homemade accessories for the tiller you will need:
- Welding machine, preferably for arc welding;
- Gas-burner. Not to replace electric welding, but to warm up the product during hardening;
- Angle grinder (angle grinder) of medium power, with a set of cutting and roughing discs;
- Drilling machine or powerful drill. Of course. quality drills;
- Electric emery (grindstone);
- Quality locksmith workbench, vice, files and fastening tools.
The most popular are the mechanized tiller hillers. We will talk about the culture for the sake of which summer residents are ready to stand for hours in the field, bending over in three deaths. And an indispensable assistant in the struggle for the harvest is attachments.
Lister, fixed and adjustable angle
Fixed is the easiest fixture to use and make. It is easy to make it using the attached drawings:
The base is welded from steel sheet with a thickness of at least 3 mm. This knot is the first to meet soil resistance.
For the bracket, we use a 4 mm steel strip, it is advisable to harden the part after molding. The field board can be bent from 5 mm steel, for example from a leaf spring. Only the metal must first be “released” and then hardened again.
Advice! A crucible is not required for tempering and quenching. With such dimensions of workpieces, a gas burner is sufficient.
The rack is a structural element that bears the entire load. Therefore, pick up a strip of at least 8 mm thick for it.
General view of the base in the illustration:
Welding must be done in two passes, on each side of the joint.
Wings can be made thinner from the sheet. 2 mm is enough. It is important to observe the dimension, otherwise it will not be possible to correctly dock the wings with the base.
Wings bend on any template. a steel pipe of a suitable diameter will do.
Due to the concave geometry and the presence of welded seams, the structure is rigid.
The adjustable lister hiller is just as easy to make yourself. The difference is that the wings are pivotally attached to the base, and there are rods in the tail section for adjusting the angle.
The technology and the thickness of the workpieces are the same as in the previous model. The versatility of the nozzle increases significantly.
Processing speed can be doubled by making a double row tiller.
To the already finished design, it is only necessary to modify the traction device. It makes sense to make the mounts movable so that it is possible to adjust the width of the rows.
The advantage of this type of attachment is in synchronization with the capabilities of the tiller. You can adjust the speed and power, which are mutually exclusive. Since soil resistance is low, there is no need to use a more powerful tiller.
Another advantage is that by choosing the right size of the discs, you can spud potatoes at different stages of growth.
The design principle is clear in the diagram:
You can make such a canopy yourself. The only difficulty is in molding the discs. Most often, used cutters from a collective farm seeder are used. Having traveled through the villages, it is fashionable to find inexpensive good copies. It is better to mount on bearings with installed oil seals. Slide bushings will wedge.
If one disk gets stuck, the tiller can turn to the side. Setting up the disc hiller consists in selecting the angles of inclination and depth of immersion. For this, the bracket is equipped with bolt-retained movable elements.
An interesting donor option for disc hillers. worn out circular saws.
With their help, the soil from the row spacing is not so efficiently lifted, but the tines additionally loosen the soil, and you can set a not so sharp angle between the discs.
This compensates for the lack of a bowl-shaped profile. Of course, the axles must be on bearings. Otherwise, there will be no rotation. you will simply row the ground along the rows. If you could not get the disc bowls, this is your option.
How to make a potato ridger yourself
First of all, let’s decide which tool is right for you. Hilling devices are of several types:
Practical setting of the hiller on the tiller
The theory of the operation of the hilling device is described in textbooks for summer residents in such detail. that even a person far from agriculture can figure out the settings. However, in practice, the saying “it was smooth on paper, but they forgot about the ravines!”.
The peculiarities of the soil, the current weather, the quality of sharpening of the hillers. this is not the whole list of factors that affect the quality of plowing. Not to mention the characteristics of the tiller.
Therefore, before entering the garden, you need to walk the technique on the “virgin soil”.
It is desirable that the characteristics of the soil be the same as on the cultivated soil. During the “work” you, firstly, will feel how the attachment behaves, and secondly, set the correct angles and working depth.
It is equally important to choose the correct plowing (hilling) speed. The relationship between speed and power when using disc nozzles was described above. The same applies to other devices. Sometimes an inferior homemade hiller, at the right speed, works wonders. And an expensive active baking powder simply scatters the earth on the sides.
For a detailed story about the settings of the potato tiller and its installation on the KADVI tiller, see this video material.
Varieties of lister homemade and factory hillers
The simplest unregulated hiller is a solid structure of two diverging figured plates, located mirrored and having a common stiffener.
This is the basis, but if you add flaps in the form of adjustable plates to it, you get an adjustable hiller of your own manufacture. Without plates, it is an excellent cultivator of potato row spacings, in which the soil is compacted and air does not flow to the roots.
The fixed grip hiller can be used on level fields with the same row spacing when using the drill. Such a tool is used with low-power traction, since the adjustable plates create additional resistance to the ground layer.
Medium power tillers are equipped with an adjustable grip. Such structures are used in narrow row spacings about 35 cm wide.Rowing on corn is performed with just such a hiller.
But creating a breakdown mechanism and making it work are two different stories. To regulate the depth of lowering into the soil, a frame structure with a hitch must be made to create a smooth stroke. Only a well-centered unit will spend a minimum of effort for quality soil cultivation. The hiller is immersed in the ground due to the vertically positioned stand. If the do-it-yourself potato hiller to the tiller goes low when setting up or adjust the angle of inclination of the rack along the surface. For lister double row tools, when mounting to a frame, the distance between the booms must be accurately set.
The use of a hiller in soil cultivation
Design improvements include contours that reduce drag, making the ridge taller or wider. The principle of operation of such a hiller does not change. it loosens, removes the soil layer and throws it to the base of the plants planted in a row. In the same way, grooves are cut for planting potatoes.
Another type of tiller hillers is paired discs. Due to the thin rim, the structure enters the soil to a predetermined depth with low resistance. They are not stretched in a stationary state, they are spinning, and thus overcome resistance with less effort. But in order for the discs to create a stroke, they must have an adjusted angle of inclination along the vertical and an angle of takeoff. The distance between the discs on the frame is set according to the width of the row to be processed. Look at the video of how potatoes are spud with a tiller on the stony soil of Simferopol:
Conventionally, all hillers in the form and principle of work are called:
In this case, the lister ones have various forms of bending of the planes; an arrow going deep into the ground can have a massive tip. Flaps or plowshares are bent, inclined, can have an adjustable and adjustable profile.
Pairs of disc tiller should be the same size, contour and weight. Otherwise, the comb will not work out even. The system for adjusting the angles of departure and inclination allows you to set the desired stroke profile.
The device facilitated and accelerated the hilling of potatoes with a tiller. video
Why do i need a hitch assembly for tiller tools
In order to fix the hiller on the tiller, in addition to the manufactured frame, there must be a hitch assembly that is adjustable and reliable. By aligning the holes on the post and on the hitch body and securing the implement will be integral with the machine.
The DIY universal hitch makes it easy to adjust the tool to the working position. It is in this node that adjustments are made to the position of the rack relative to the ground, the radial angles. After adjustment, the nuts are tightened and the device is adjusted to the type of soil, soil moisture, plant height.
How to make a hiller for a tiller yourself
Attachments are not included with the tiller. They are manufactured and sold separately. On the agricultural machinery market, for any type of cultivator, you can find a hiller designed for the draft power of your horse. But the problem is that a finished tool costs more than 10 thousand, and this is a significant amount for a villager in modern conditions. But at the dump or outside you can find everything you need to build a tiller for a tiller.
In order to install the propeller hiller, you need to make sure that your chiller has a two-shaft reverse engine, 2 speeds forward. There must be a selection shaft.
First, you need to decide whether we will make a disk or lister hiller. A single row or double row tool will pull the cultivator. Do I need to provide sliding wings, an adjustable distance between the two tools. That is, before you build a hiller for a tiller with your own hands, you need drawings and videos, for example, this:
Of course, it is necessary to have skills in working with metal. Not every villager in an abandoned barrel of a heater will see the nodes valuable for the economy. Therefore, they go to the craftsmen for advice, ask for help.
But not only discs, the device for attaching them must be thought out, and to help the master, do-it-yourself drawings of a disc hiller for a tiller are offered.
Here, in addition to the disks, the dimensions and section of the most important nodes of the homemade hiller are given.
The design will undergo significant changes if you manage to find discs from decommissioned cultivators or other agricultural equipment. In any case, when making a frame, you will need to consider a disc adjustment system.
The wisdom of masters with golden hands is limitless. So if there are no discs, they can be replaced by a round blade from a circular saw. The steel is of high quality, the teeth additionally loosen the soil. You still have to create a bearing assembly, otherwise the saw blade will not rotate. But the steel is instrumental and in the hands of a craftsman, a disc hiller for a tiller with his own hands will work effectively.
When creating a new device in your backyard, do not forget about safety measures. When welding, you work with a mask. But at this time, “bunnies” can catch loved ones, watching the craftsman. When working with a dangerous tool, take care of the safety of others.
The device and application of a hiller for a tiller at a summer cottage
Appliances, reminiscent of a home fan, use translational and rotational motion in soil cultivation. But the tool can be installed on a unit with a two-shaft engine with reverse and 2 gears. There must be a power take-off shaft. The propeller-type hiller is more effective than other models, but due to the complexity of execution it is expensive. Craftsmen took the idea, but the instrument does not look very much like a propeller.
For manufacturing, you will need high-quality steel, a welding machine and an angle grinder. Parts of the “propeller” are welded onto the axles fitted to the frame. In one pass, the soil is deeply loosened and thrown into the ridge. The tiller for the tiller is made unadjustable, so the angles must be set empirically.
How to set up a hiller of any design for work
It is necessary to adapt to any attached or trailed equipment for tillage. Before starting work on the field, you need to make sure everything is set correctly, secured and adjusted. A trial section is selected and a trial run is made. At this point, you should listen to the technique, check the stroke profile, the distance between the grips. The angles of attack must be set on the disks, on the listers. deepening.
It is important to choose the processing speed that would correspond to the power of the mechanism and the quality of the field processing.