Do-it-yourself plywood stand for a drill
2) Purchase or self-production?
|Cheapness to manufacture. The price difference between the factory version and the same hand-made version can reach 300%.500%.||For the manufacture of some of the elements of the racks, additional tools and machines may be required, which a person does not have in the free access.|
|Broken household appliances, lying around in the garage, a classic set of improvised tools that 95% of owners will find in the garage, are suitable for manufacturing.||Due to punctures during assembly, finished structures often play back, which reduces the final quality of work when using the device.|
|Drawings, text algorithms for assembling a stand for a drill with your own hands with video and photo instructions. all this is freely available on the Internet, and is located by a person in a couple of minutes.||Homemade racks are not suitable for corner drilling. As a rule, structures can perform only vertical movement of the carriage, which reduces functionality by 50% compared to factory (expensive) modifications.|
|The ability to make a full-fledged machine with a drill, based on the parameters of the existing equipment in the garage.|
For 50% of users, the most important factor is price, the remaining 50% prefer a reasonable cost / quality ratio, but even so, it is difficult for a beginner to choose a factory rack from the entire wide range on the market.
Depending on the distance, the size of the parts available for processing by means of a purchased stand complete with a drill changes;
The list of equipment depends on its design features, which can be attached to the purchased rack;
The option will be useful for multiple duplication of the same holes;
precisely, the principle of operation of the agreed mechanism.
Some designs have spring mechanisms in the assembly, which smooth out movement both in one direction and the other, smoothly returning the drill to its original position. Each buyer chooses the optimal parameters for himself, but as an example, we have made a selection of popular brands of factory racks available for purchase in 2020.
If the presented list is not enough, you can also take note of “Diolod” and Artu. Mechanism models are produced for both industrial and home use. The codification feature is a change in the diameter of the neck for attaching the power tool, which is sorely lacking in other popular models of racks from the factory.
1) The design of a variety of drill stands
When drilling thin and soft materials, especially under the perpendicular, even an amateur will not be a problem. Another thing is when a person needs to drill / saw through a hard / thick coating at a certain angle. The task becomes dozens of times more complicated, and the risk of making a mistake becomes too great. The rack comes to the rescue in solving the problem.
Please note: a well-made stand in conjunction with a drill or milling cutter in a vice turns from a conventional auxiliary tool into a full-fledged machine.
Nowadays, you can find a rack on the market for every taste and wallet size. Another question is how versatile the tool will be in everyday use under the buyer’s equipment. There are situations when the factory rack meets the needs of a person by 20%.40%, although at a price that is head and shoulders above the competition.
Drill and stand-based machine design:
2-way Drill Press Machine | Handmade Drill stand
- Stanina. The base on which all the components of the future structure are located. The overall strength of the device depends on the area and quality of performance.
- Carriage. A functional unit that is fixed on the stand and acts as a holder for a hand drill. Moving occurs through the use of elements guiding from furniture.
- Lever. Assembly control component. Function. holder for lowering the drill, drilling and returning the equipment to its original position.
- Auxiliary nodes. Increases the functionality of the assembly. For example, making holes with a drill at different angles, or milling particularly small parts.
You can see one of the factory examples of the rack assembly in the picture above. The starting material for the assembly can be wood, metal, or a combination of both. Some craftsmen make racks even the fear of enlargers. The table below will tell you more about the classification of racks.
|Principle of use||Stationary||An expensive purchase option that makes a full-fledged machine out of small equipment. They have large dimensions and weight. Due to the rigidity of the structure with the specified parameters, they are considered a reliable lock for large drills and other power tools.|
|Mobile||Or they are also called guides. Combine minimalism in size and weight, combined with high quality hole drilling.|
|Functionality||Vertical||Racks that have the highest stability rating. They have universal holders and in 90% of cases are purchased for small workshops and home use by car owners.|
|Swivel||Equipment with complicated functionality. In addition to moving vertically, the racks are equipped with functional units for changing the angle of drilling / cutting, which expands the functional application of the tool for milling and polishing.|
|Fastening||Mechanical||The classic version, in which self-tapping screws, bolts with large-diameter nuts and other elements fixing the bed are used.|
|Magnetic||It is considered the best option in terms of convenience / quality. Stability is provided by an electromagnetic field, which is able to fix the racks in both horizontal and vertical positions.|
|Vacuum||In terms of reliability, the method is not inferior to the magnetic one, but such racks on the market will cost 2-4 times more expensive than magnetic ones.|
Regardless of the purpose of the drill, it is necessary to follow one rule. the larger the drill, the larger and more powerful the structural solution should look to hold it in weight. They don’t joke with such things, because every puncture can cost a person health.
What is a drill stand?
In fact, a stand can be called any device by which a person can fix the equipment in a stationary state, moreover, the device must withstand a peak vertical / horizontal load, which will be less than that applied by the person using the tool for personal purposes.
how to assemble a drill stand for a drill with your own hands
Do-it-yourself drill stand: is it worth assembling the structure with your own hands analysis of the structure of 6 types of racks according to 3 criteria advantages and disadvantages of a home-made rack 4 purchased alternatives from the Russian market step-by-step instructions for assembling a rack from profiles and wood construction option for the lazy.
Drilling while holding the part with your hands is not always convenient, and even more accurate. A DIY drill stand will simplify many of the chores for the joiner, car mechanic and others faced with similar types of activities.
In today’s article, we will not only provide instructions on homemade products, but also provide a brief overview of the niche of purchased racks that in 2020 are present within the Russian market.
1) The classic version of the equipment. a rack made of shaped pipes
The design considered below will make it possible to make a mini-machine from any drill. The base material for the assembly will be square-type metal profiles. Most of the tools are available to the average garage owner. The table below will tell you more about the preparation.
How to build a Drill Press(Drill Guide) Machine | Handmade Drill stand
|Square tubes||Miter saw|
|Spring (also suitable from the door)||Welding machine|
|Nuts with bolts||angle grinder|
|Round pipe for clamp||Drill|
|Spray paint (optional)||Roulette and marker|
In the process of work, other little things may be required, but already look at this according to the situation. Even working strictly according to the drawing, there is always the opportunity to add something interesting yourself. Some craftsmen can reproduce the design just by looking at the end result. It’s already a matter of technology.
Instructions for assembling a rack from shaped pipes:
- We start working with blanks for support. With a miter saw, we cut shaped rectangular pipes. In the absence of a tool, you can also use an angle grinder, although it will be more difficult to trace the accuracy.
We weld a square from the resulting blanks and clean the seams. The result can be seen in the picture below.
Let’s deal with the legs of the rack. You can use nightstands of the same length, but adjustable ones will become much more convenient in practice. this will help align the structure when used on curved surfaces. First of all, we drill at the base of the hole according to the diameter of the bolts used.
Each leg requires 1 bolt and 2 washers.
After fixing all 4 legs, we test the performance of the resulting structure.
In our assembly, 2 profile pipes of different diameters act as a carriage, tightly adjacent to each other.
To reduce the backlash, it is necessary to pick up a sheet of metal and cut out square plates from it, which are then inserted and fixed in the gap between the first and second profiles.
It remains to weld another piece of the profile pipe to the finished workpiece at an angle of 90 degrees. It will act as a clamp holder for installing the drill.
Clamp queue. We make it from a piece of round pipe.
We make a lever for lowering onto the carriage. The basis is the same profile pipe.
The mount will be hinged. The part can be made from a bolt and nuts.
The end of the lever with the help of a hinge is attached to the second lever, which acts as a stop, which is also hinged directly to the frame. The final design works on the shaft / connecting rod principle in a car engine.
The final touch is the spring. To fasten it, you need to weld 2 bolts with nuts at the ends (weld the second to the first). We place one mount on the carriage, and the second on the top of the rack.
You can see the result of the work done in the picture below.
The hardest part of the job is attaching the levers. It will take no more than 4 hours for the master to execute the device, and for a beginner in welding and cutting for metal, it may take up to a couple of days.
One of the options for assembling a metal stand for a drill:
Drilling stand for a drill with your own hands: features of the development algorithm of work
2) How to make a stand for a drill with your own hands from wood: step by step instructions
Wooden structures are faster to be assembled, but their durability is an order of magnitude less than steel ones. The main problem is the risk of breakage and backlash due to wood drying out during operation in dry areas. The opposite is swelling due to moisture. Problems can be avoided with proper care of the device, use it in rooms with moderate humidity / dryness.
- timber timber. 9×4.5 5×5 centimeters;
- plywood 1 centimeter thick;
- ball-type guides from furniture 3 to 3 centimeters. 2 copies;
In the process of work, screws with an electric screwdriver, clamps, an angle grinder and a drill will come in handy. If you want to improve the design, metal blanks can also come in handy, but this is just your own imagination.
Instructions for assembling a wooden stand for a drill with your own hands:
On the previously prepared timber, we mark the moving components. ball guides. The lengths of the first and second must match. In this case, it is 300 millimeters.
We make the racks from a bar of the same section, 80 centimeters long. We immediately attach the mating parts of the guides to the self-tapping screws.
Combining components and testing smoothness.
On the lower parts of the racks, using wood screws, we fix plywood 30 by 50 centimeters. In order to increase the rigidity of the structure, on the reverse side we attach the remnants of the previously used timber.
At the top of the rack, we also reinforce it with a plywood lining 1 cm thick.
We make a hole for the drill. It should be slightly larger in diameter than the handle used.
We attach the handle itself. In our case, this is a part from a faulty drill, although if a person does not use a standard handle, you can use it as well. We fasten the part with self-tapping screws.
It is convenient to use springs (1 or 2) to fix the drill in its original position. The fastening will be a metal hook.
To adjust the angle of increase in rigidity, a small block should be attached to the carriage.
We make a handle out of wood to drive the carriage.
We install the handle with fasteners at our own discretion. In our case, these are M6 / M10 bolts, an M8 stud, a set of washers and nuts for them.
We make the base and attach it to the bed. That’s it, the drill stand is ready for the drill.
We check the verticality of the racks and the base with a square. This stage should not be ignored, otherwise you will have to redo the work, since the resulting holes from the drill will be located at an angle of more / less than 90 degrees, which puts a cross on the further use of the part.
For people who have an unusable photo enlarger at home, a do-it-yourself drill stand will be built even faster. The assembly already has a ready-made base from the page and the mechanism that controls the handle. It is enough to weld a metal clamp instead of the tank (lens lamp). If you want to automate the return of the drill to its original position, you can add a spring of medium hardness to the lever.
How to make a drill stand with your own hands
The presence of a special stand for fixing the drill makes it possible to increase the efficiency of the power tool, its functionality, and expand the range of use. Due to the simplicity of the design, a do-it-yourself drill stand can be made with minimal skills in working with wood or metal.
With it, the user gets the opportunity to more accurately position the drill on the surface, to work successfully with materials of high hardness, avoiding sliding at the initial stage of processing. Using a stand converts a standard drill into a drilling machine that can drill perpendicular or 60 °.70 ° holes.
Made of metal
Metal racks are made when the task is to obtain a multifunctional device that can withstand relatively heavy loads, work with parts of various configurations with high accuracy. They are reliable, durable, the probability of backlash during operation is minimal.
- cutting out a steel bed with a thickness of 10 mm;
- welding to the base of the sleeve, into which a pipe with a diameter of 30-40 mm is inserted (the structure is clamped with a bolt);
- a carriage with a clamp fixed on it for attaching a drill is put on the received stand.
The control mechanism is a handle with a spring to return the structure to its original position.
Drill stand made of metal
Made of wood
For simple drilling operations, wooden posts are often used. They are easy to make yourself with a minimum set of tools. As the base of the structure, a plate with a thickness of 20 mm or more is used, additionally reinforced with plywood, which will provide a smooth work surface. Vertical rack. a board 20 cm wide and up to 70 cm long. The carriage, on which the furniture guides are fixed, is matched in size to the size of the electric drill.
The disadvantage of using wooden racks will be the tendency of the material to deform under the influence of moisture, lower strength in comparison with metal counterparts. At the same time, at the cost of investments, this option is more affordable, easy to handle in a private workshop. It does not require the involvement of additional specialists in the manufacture of structural parts.
Drill stand made of wood
Structure and main elements of the rack
The basis of the design of the rack, regardless of the material of its manufacture, is the bed. The drill holder is a carriage that moves along the guides. The mechanism is controlled with a handle. To increase the accuracy of operations, the structure is equipped with a mechanical drill depth stop with a millimeter scale.
The base plate with T-shaped grooves, designed for fixing the workpieces, can be supplemented with a vice during manufacture. Due to this, it is possible to increase the dimensions of the equipment. To increase the safety of working with large parts, an adjustable overhang is provided.
Important! If you intend to perform the same operations multiple times, it makes sense to install a spring mechanism, which will ensure that the drill returns to the starting point smoothly and without additional effort on the part of the operator.
Pros and cons of a homemade device
The decision to make a homemade drill stand in a private workshop has the following advantages:
- The resulting design will be significantly cheaper than the serial analogue and, in comparison with inexpensive models, the service life and reliability of the device will be much higher.
- The simplicity of the device and the manufacturing process allows even novice craftsmen to successfully complete the task. For more detailed information on the issue with step-by-step instructions, it is enough to familiarize yourself with the videos that are in the public domain.
- If necessary, it is possible to make changes or additions to the basic structure of the rack in order to take into account the peculiarities of its future use.
Certain difficulties can arise in the manufacture of metal racks. To make individual parts, you will need a lathe, a welding machine. Such operations can only be performed by a specialist. But the accuracy of the parameters of the part in this case will exclude the occurrence of backlash during operation, ensuring the accuracy of drilling.
It is recommended to use a 35 mm board or a metal board (2 cm). The length of this part can be arranged from sixty to eighty centimeters, it depends on the size of the drill itself. Optimum width. 20. 25 cm.
Holders and a mechanism are attached to it so that the drill can move longitudinally. A support is attached to the bed, to which the stand is attached. A pair of guides is installed vertically, furniture is best suited for this.
A carriage is attached to their movable part, on which the drill is installed.
For everything to work properly, you need to make sure that there is no play in the guides. The drill can be mounted in two ways. on pads or on clamps.
Photo enlarger machine
If an old photo enlarger is lying around at home, then it can be quickly rebuilt into a drilling machine. The design has a ready-made bed with a stand and even a control mechanism with a handle, but only without springs.
The drill will have to be raised and lowered by turning the native enlarger handle. To manufacture the machine, it is enough to disconnect the tank where the lamp with lenses is installed, and instead of it, fix the clamp for the drill.
Stand for a drill with your own hands, drawings
Is it possible to make such a device yourself? Before a detailed answer, it is recommended to find out what elements this device consists of, how they work on it. If you like to do home crafts, then such a machine will be very useful. But sometimes it is not possible to mount it due to difficulties with installation.
How to choose the dimensions of the parts for the rack?
- If you want to create a stand for a drill, then decide how exactly the assembled device will be used.
- For work aimed solely at drilling holes, you can use wooden posts or posts made of high quality Chipboard or Fiberboard materials.
If the stand will be used not only as a drilling machine, but also as a lathe or milling machine, then it is better to form it from a special perforated stainless metal, which has high strength and is immune to heat permissible during the declared work.
The minimum dimensions for the metal bed must be 50050015 millimeters.
For a wooden frame, the dimensions should be slightly different. 60060030 millimeters.
- When manufacturing a multifunctional device suitable for drilling, turning and milling work, the dimensions of the bed should be increased (100060030 millimeters).
- The length of the stand, which will hold the weight of the drill, should fluctuate within six hundred to eight hundred millimeters, the width. in the range of two hundred to two hundred and fifty millimeters.
You need to fix a steel ring on it, which will serve as a holder for the drill. It is important that the diameter of the split ring in the open state is higher than the diameter of the used drill.
In order not to damage the body of the unit used during work, and to reduce possible vibration, when attaching the drill to the ring, a special rubber gasket should be used.
The assembly of the structure takes place according to the following scheme. First, you need to fasten the bed and the stand at a right angle, securing the connection area with screws and glue.
Drill stand: methods of making a wooden and metal structure with a step-by-step photo
The hand drill, firmly fixed to the stand, allows you to drill a perfectly straight hole in the workpiece at any angle. You can buy a Chinese machine for 1.3 thousand rubles. For craftsmen who are used to doing everything with their own hands, this option is not suitable. over, cheap racks have a large backlash.
Homemade drill stand
For DIYers who actively use hand tools, accessories only help to simplify the workflow.
We will tell you how to make a stand for a drill with your own hands using the drawings provided. This stand diversifies the working capabilities of this toolkit.
Its creation will not take a lot of time and money, but the result will be felt immediately.
Self-made drill stand
Universal stand option
With this option, it becomes possible to perform a variety of operations, from which the drill motor will not fail.
If you need to make a stand in order to drill holes with it, then all the main elements can be made of wood. For more complex types of work, the device is assembled using metal rods.
The frame is considered the main part. To fasten the carriage, a stand is used, an electric drill is fixed on it. The handle is used for control. Additional devices are used to increase the functionality of the device.
Making a steel machine: instructions with step-by-step photos
A metal machine consists of similar units, but it is more difficult to make them due to the complexity of processing the material. The advantage of the design is reliability, no backlash, which is ideal for installing additional units that expand the functionality of the machine.
- The general device of a metal machine is shown in the drawing, and the procedure for manufacturing the structure is as follows:
- For the bed, you will need a 1 cm thick steel plate.The dimensions can be taken similar to those of a wooden model.
- The rack is welded from a square or round pipe with a cross section of 32–40 mm. You can weld a sleeve of a larger diameter onto the stove, and insert a pipe into it and clamp it with a bolt.
- The carriage is made from a pipe with a larger diameter. It should slide freely on the rack. A steel clamp for a drill is fixed to the carriage.
Now it remains to fold all the nodes into one structure and try to fix the drill with clamps.