Do-it-yourself swamp vehicle from tiller

Table of Contents:

DIY swamp buggy for fishing trips: the manufacturing process from A to Z (video 110 photos)

Our country is huge and on its territory there are still many areas without a transport structure, where traffic is hampered by the peculiarities of the landscape.

do-it-yourself, swamp, vehicle, tiller

In such places, special equipment is often required, for example, a swamp vehicle. Ready-made transport of this type, at times, costs unthinkable money, or it is difficult to get it. Therefore, residents of remote regions have long learned to make such equipment on their own.

Summary of the review:

  • What are the options
  • Instructions
  • Wheels
  • Trailer
  • Conclusion
  • Photo of a homemade swamp vehicle

What are the options

Before making a do-it-yourself swamp vehicle, you need some information and preparation. Technical knowledge will come in handy, as well as thinking outside the box, but the result will allow you to truly conquer impassable places.

The banal fact of economy speaks in favor of self-made manufacturing, you can use used parts.

  • The most popular option is a car with low pressure tires. Most of the result will depend on them, it is important to think over the simplest design so that in the future it does not depend on complex parts in case of breakdown;
  • A do-it-yourself swamp boat boat is even easier to make, it will allow you to move around flooded areas, is suitable for shallow depths, but does not really like overgrown spaces;
  • If there is a large number of thickets on the reservoir, it is best to take up a swamp buggy on caterpillars. It is more difficult to make it with your own hands, but sometimes it is a necessity.

Instructions

Consider the manufacture of vehicles on low pressure tires. You will need a frame left over from an old motorcycle, to which an already self-made frame is welded. The motor is mainly taken a new one, in order to avoid damage at the most inopportune moment.

A Tula-type motorcycle engine fits perfectly. Ignition is best suited from a tractor; you should not pin special hopes on a regular battery. Next, the fuel tank is installed, the steering wheel and seat are attached.

A front fork of the Ural type without shock absorbers will just fit, then a chain drive is installed. This design is often performed without brakes; to stop, it is enough to stop the engine. The easiest way to take the wheels is from the combine, with the top layer of rubber removed.

Wheels

First, you need to determine the size of the tires. Many take tires from ZIL-131 or from the Oka, from which the top of the wire cord is removed. One of the screws is cut through the cut window, the wire is removed along the entire perimeter. Then the sidewall from the cord to the tread is cut at a distance of about 8 cm.The canine is undermined and the edges are trimmed with a knife.

This is done clockwise, after which the tread is already formed. A drawing is placed on the camera, most often a Christmas tree is chosen, but you can also deviate from this rule. The drawing is cut with a knife, the angle is a trapezoid.

After that, perseverance is required, since the peeling process is quite long. You should not rush, so as not to ruin all the work, making the work unusable.

Homemade swamp-going vehicles can be no worse than industrial ones, if you take into account all the nuances correctly. When choosing a protector, you need to take into account that it must self-clean, this is important when moving through wetlands.

On peat bogs, you should not choose too deep a relief, in order to avoid a breakthrough of the surface and loss of adhesion. A rare pattern is selected for movement on sand and snow. As a rule, discs are standard. But many people prefer to attach additional “basins” to belts or transport tape.

We transform the tiller into an all-terrain vehicle with our own hands

For example, consider making a light all-terrain vehicle from a tiller. Such machines are called carakats or simply pneumatics. It is equipped with large cameras, thereby increasing cross-country ability on strong off-road conditions. As for the design, such home-made all-terrain vehicles are very easy to manufacture, since they do not have a complex technical base. Due to this, they are preferred by many home craftsmen.

Let’s analyze the main stages of creating an all-terrain vehicle design from a tiller.

  • Stage 1. We select the basis for the all-terrain vehicle. You can use frames from motorcycles “URAL” or “IZH”, and any other parts that you can find. The all-terrain vehicle built on the basis of IZH is more maneuverable, so it is excellent for crossing slopes and ravines.
  • Stage 2. We manufacture suspension and rear axle. To do this, it is necessary to connect the used spars with a special stand, a strut, and also a steering sleeve. This will create an independent front and rear suspension. Any light all-terrain vehicle should have such a suspension. It is due to her that the all-terrain vehicle will gently and maneuver pass uneven terrain.
  • Stage 3. Installing the wheels. Each type of light all-terrain vehicle is equipped with cameras from trucks. Cameras are attached to the suspension with a metal hub. Strong tapes are installed on it, braiding the wheel across. Low pressure chambers will be suitable from KamAZ, Ural, as well as their trailers. Due to this, the steering will be easy, and this in turn makes the movement on such an all-terrain vehicle safer.
  • Stage 4. We mount the engine with additional systems. Having finished installing the suspension and wheels on the frame of the future all-terrain vehicle, we proceed to installing the tiller engine. At the same stage, you need to connect all the necessary systems: gas emission, clutch, brakes. Upon completion of the assembly, the all-terrain vehicle must be tested. If no deviations were found during testing, you can start full-fledged operation of the all-terrain vehicle.

We make an all-terrain vehicle (swamp vehicle) from a tiller with our own hands

There are areas where for comfortable movement you need a car with a higher cross-country ability than usual. But what can modern industry offer us for this? Are there inexpensive, economical, small ATVs? Unfortunately, there are no such offers on the market now. Therefore, in this article we will analyze how to make an all-terrain vehicle out of a tiller with our own hands, and the video will help you more clearly understand all the features of the procedure. Today, the most popular are two types of home-made all-terrain vehicles: tracked units and mechanisms operating on low-pressure pneumatics.

We turn the tiller into an all-terrain vehicle

Before you start converting a tiller into an all-terrain vehicle, you need to decide on the type of all-terrain vehicle that suits your needs. In the absence of experience with tracked machines, it is recommended to start with pneumatic machines.

Next, you need to decide on the operating conditions, carrying capacity and capacity of the all-terrain vehicle, then make sketches of the future design. To do this, it is necessary to outline the location of all components and assemblies of the future machine.

To create an all-terrain vehicle, you will not be able to use any engine. It must be equipped with forced cooling. Air-cooled or water-cooled motoblock engines are perfect. In addition, the engine must have a large power reserve so that the all-terrain vehicle can move, almost anywhere.

To calculate the maximum power, use the following formula:

Here nmax is the maximum speed, Neud. power density per ton of weight. The power limits are in the range of 20-35 hp. from.

In order to use the ATV all year round, it is recommended to give preference to the four-stroke engine. They are distinguished by more stable operation and the ability to start in cold weather.

Which engine for an all-terrain vehicle is better. gasoline or diesel?

There is no specific advice on this issue, since each has both pros and cons.

Domestic engines proved to be excellent in all-terrain vehicles: motorcycle M-67 and automobile Zaz. Engines based on tractor launchers are quite common. Recently, all-terrain vehicles made from tillers have become very widespread. This is explained by the fact that there are many cheap Chinese chillers on sale equipped with sufficiently powerful engines. Such motors are inexpensive, reliable and unpretentious.

To create a chassis, it is advisable to use independent wheel suspension. This technology is more complex, however, it will be more comfortable for both the driver and passengers. An excellent result can be obtained if combined with wheels on low pressure pneumatics.

The frame is made of two types of construction: spatial and flat. The frame of the tracked vehicle is one-piece, and the wheel frame is articulated. Although tracked all-terrain vehicles can also be made on an articulated frame, which will better develop a constructive idea.

But frames of great complexity are little used in homemade all-terrain vehicles. For the manufacture of an all-terrain vehicle frame, you will need channels, corners and pipes of various sections and sizes.

Operation of a homemade all-terrain vehicle

It is also necessary to pay attention to the possibilities of using a light all-terrain vehicle. Popularly, such models of all-terrain vehicles are called pneumatics, since they have low-pressure wheels. Such machines are simply indispensable in conditions of passage along river beds, swampy areas, and mud. Such machines are distinguished by good buoyancy, copes well with small water obstacles.

Also, pneumatics are comfortable to go fishing or hunting when you need to travel a considerable distance. As a rule, such an all-terrain vehicle can accelerate up to 75 km / h. When there are no roads, this is enough.

A selection of videos about ATVs from tillers with their own hands:

Where is used

Initially, this type of equipment was created as an assistant for the farmer. On a motor-cultivator, you can plow the land, transport goods, collect garbage, hay and leaves. However, the useful qualities do not end there. On its basis, you can create a snowmobile that will help those who live in the North.

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This technique is very convenient for fishing.

A good and properly modernized cultivator does not care about dirt or snow. Even on difficult terrain, this technique can accelerate to 75 km / h.

The all-terrain vehicle is especially useful in rural areas, where there is no asphalt, but there are frequent showers and snowfalls. In this case, the snow and swamp-going vehicle can become a real savior. At the same time, when the season comes, the all-terrain vehicle can be upgraded again into a regular tiller, which will plow the land, clean the area and perform a lot of other useful things, allowing the farmer to save time and energy.

Tiller’s all-terrain vehicle

Given that the cultivator spends a considerable amount of time in the garage, many farmers tend to use this technique in other work that is not related to agriculture. So the idea came up to make an all-terrain vehicle from improvised equipment. over, it can be a snowmobile, and a swamp vehicle, and even a car capable of moving in mountainous terrain. If you approach the work with all seriousness, you can even make a tracked all-terrain vehicle out of a tiller. As a result, the device will work even in late autumn and winter, and not stand idle in the garage, which can be harmful for equipment.

Interestingly, the Tiller-based all-terrain vehicle comes out very good.

It easily overcomes off-road, wet country trails and snow embankments.

In order to cope with such work, you should use a motor cultivator with a 2 or 4 stroke engine. In this case, the equipment must be equipped with an air cooling system.

Experts recommend not to overfit the tiller. Otherwise, it will be difficult to return it to its original form. It is best to use an all-terrain cultivator attachment. This will reduce the operating time, and the tiller can be turned into a snow and swamp vehicle in a matter of minutes.

Snow driving

On the basis of the tiller, you can also make a snowmobile. This is a great option for using agricultural machinery in the winter. Usually they are inactive in garages, but after a little modernization, the cultivator becomes an excellent all-terrain vehicle.

For work, you will need a tiller, a welding machine and powerful wheels, which, if desired, can be replaced with tracks. Such a snowmobile will have a very high cross-country ability and will cope even with difficult snow drifts. The snowmobile should be assembled clearly according to the drawing.

But before starting the modification, you need to carefully consider the use of technology. The recommended power and type of construction depend on this. In addition, be sure to consider the carrying capacity of the device. This is especially important in cases where the snowmobile is planned to be used for transporting heavy loads on snow.

In order not to make a mistake in the calculations and not to spoil any details of an expensive tiller, you should first study the drawings, and then make a layout out of cardboard. This will allow you to move in the right direction and assess your capabilities. For a good master, there should be no difficulties in making a snowmobile from a tiller with your own hands. Even caterpillars can be made independently, with certain equipment at hand, as well as the skills to work with it. At a minimum, the master needs to be able to handle the welding machine.

How to choose a technique to create an all-terrain vehicle

As for the type of all-terrain vehicle that can be suitable for creating a snow and swamp vehicle, then almost any option can be chosen. But not all equipment of this type can be easily upgraded. Experts most often use the Neva to create all-terrain vehicles, since these motor-cultivators are the most versatile.

The main thing in a tiller is the presence of a cooling system. If you plan to transport goods or people on an all-terrain vehicle, you should pay attention to models with a powerful engine. To create a snowmobile, it is better to take the equipment that is equipped with a four-stroke engine. The thing is that such engines start much better in any weather. over, the four-stroke power unit will not cause problems even in sub-zero weather, and it is at this time that the snowmobile is planned to be used.

As for what exactly the engine should be, it is impossible to say unequivocally. Both gasoline and diesel power units are suitable for working on an all-terrain vehicle. Each case has its own pros and cons. The thing is that gasoline is more expensive. But diesel fuel freezes at subzero temperatures, so it is not suitable for a snowmobile.

Models of equipment for moving on snow or off-road also do not play a big role. Now both reliable Belarusian versions and good Chinese equipment are being sold, which are notable for an affordable price with quite acceptable quality. The main thing is to choose those models that are popular. In this case, if repair is necessary, you will not have to spend a lot of time searching for spare parts.

If you plan to create a tracked all-terrain vehicle, it is best to pay attention to the one-piece frame. The national team will have to work hard to achieve the desired result.

Features of work on an all-terrain vehicle

In order for the technique to work correctly and not fail at a crucial moment, it is necessary to take into account some of the nuances. There can be many design options, but for the high-quality operation of the tiller in the form of an all-terrain vehicle, it is necessary that the equipment be equipped with an independent suspension. It is advisable to supplement everything with low pressure pneumatic wheels, which, if desired, can be replaced with tracks. As for the frame, it can be of any type. Here the master chooses the option that suits him best for a specific type of wheels and the purposes of using the all-terrain vehicle.

It is quite simple to create a homemade all-terrain vehicle from a tiller. For this, the spars are connected with a rack and a special steering sleeve. Next, the camera from the truck is used. It is better if it is with low pressure. It is necessary in order to conveniently hook the wheels. Next, the suspension and the motor are attached, which is taken directly from the tiller. Then you can attach the brakes, clutch and release the exhaust gases. The result is a great all-terrain vehicle that can be used for a variety of purposes. This technique can accelerate to 75 km / h. At the same time, the all-terrain vehicle will show excellent cross-country ability, including through swamps and difficult trails.

How to make a homemade all-terrain vehicle from a tiller: features of work

The question of how to make an all-terrain vehicle out of a tiller with your own hands is very relevant for farmers and even owners of small plots. This technique is an assistant for all occasions, since it is very easy to attach additional equipment to it, which makes the cultivator as functional as possible. Traditionally, this technique is used in garden plots and vegetable gardens. The tiller has a lot of work, as a rule, since he can plow the land, collect leaves, and collect hay in a heap. But for a certain time, the technique is idle. For this period, you can take her with other works. For example, you can make an all-terrain vehicle out of it. A little work is enough to turn the farming equipment into a versatile snow and swamp vehicle. At the same time, it is very easy to work with some equipment. There are models that are modified with a prefix. This option is as easy to use as possible.

It is more convenient to make an all-terrain vehicle from the Tiller Neva. A feature of this technique is that the manufacturer allows you to install universal attachments on it. This makes it possible to modify the cultivator as quickly as possible. Thus, a swamp buggy from a tiller can be made in a matter of minutes. However, to transform farm equipment, you must have an all-terrain tiller attachment at hand.

Manufacturers offer various additional equipment for this type of equipment. But such set-top boxes are not cheap. For those who are not ready to spend thousands of rubles on turning a tiller into an all-terrain vehicle, you can try to make equipment with your own hands. There are no particular difficulties here, but some skills are still needed. First of all, the master needs to understand the technique and be able to work with the welding machine.

Do-it-yourself all-terrain vehicle from Tiller

There are different modifications of all-terrain vehicles from a tiller: on a caterpillar track or using low-pressure tires. Assembling a karakat. an all-terrain vehicle with low-pressure tires, is much easier than a tracked all-terrain vehicle, the design of such a vehicle is extremely simple.

As a rule, homemade products are made using scrap materials, an all-terrain vehicle can also be made with minimal financial costs.

The main parts of the structure:

  • Frame
  • Suspension and bridge
  • Steering column
  • Wheels
  • Motor

The frame will fit from motorcycles IZH or URAL, or you can make it yourself using thick pipes. The frame is the backbone of the structure, it must be strong to withstand heavy off-road loads.

To increase cross-country ability and maneuverability, the suspension must be independent. The side members must be connected to each other using a steering sleeve and a strut, all connections must be articulated.

The steering column is taken from any car, suitable for trucks.

Wheels will fit from KAMAZ, or you can make it yourself. It is necessary to take two discs of the required diameter, made of sheet metal, weld them onto the sleeve on both sides. After the camera is attached using a conveyor belt.

The motor is taken from the tiller, a power of at least 12 hp is required, because the weight of the entire structure is quite large. The engine should be installed closer to the drive wheels to make it easier to adjust the torque transmission mechanism. You can also mount the engine in such a way that it is easy to remove and move back to the chiller.

Did you ever need to create an all-terrain vehicle? For what purpose?

What it is?

A snowmobile is a power-driven vehicle. The most famous are small-sized models equipped with track skis and controlled by the principle of motorcycle. However, in fact, there are many varieties of all-terrain vehicles on low-pressure pneumatics and caterpillar tracks, snowmobiles. Tillers are also divided into wheeled and tracked. You can make a snowmobile from a tiller with your own hands with any chassis, only in this case, different methods and materials are used.

Snowmobile from Tiller on tires

Another economical option for making a diesel snowmobile from a tiller and tracks. Motonart on tires from the MTZ-80 or Belarus tractor can easily move in the snow. This design is equipped with two additional wheels and pieces of metal pipe. Consider the benefits of such a snowmobile:

  • efficiency. cheap or used materials are used here: wheels from a VAZ car, a square tube, used tractor tires;
  • the ability to make a car at home using a welding machine, angle grinder, drill, knife;
  • high maneuverability of the resulting snowmobile, which has the ability to turn like a tank in one place;
  • good cross-country ability in deep and viscous snow;
  • active brake right or left track.
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In order to make tracks, you need two tires from a tractor, used ones are quite suitable. Side parts are cut from each tire with an electric jigsaw or just a sharpened knife. The structure is made of a square tube and two additional wheels. It is required to securely fix the tiller and the structure with wheels. Then the caterpillar obtained from the tire is sequentially pulled onto the front wheels, then onto the rear wheels. It turns out a diesel snowmobile on a caterpillar track, that is, on tires. In order to make it more comfortable, you can fit a small seat, which will not weigh down the structure. Otherwise, you will have to stand up to overcome the snowy expanses.

Fans of outdoor activities, hunting and fishing will appreciate the homemade snowmobile. The advantage of this incredible device will be high traffic at a low cost.

Snowmobile from tiller on tracks

a crawler-mounted tiller is a little more difficult, but possible, to convert to a snowmobile. Using the tiller motor, you can make a structure with great stability and passability. For this, the frame and transmission are mounted. Make sure the engine has enough power, you need a tiller of at least 6 horsepower. To make a snow motonart with an engine, you need to use:

  • reducer;
  • fuel tank;
  • steering;
  • centrifugal clutch.

It’s good if you have tracks from other snowmobile machines in your household stock. If not, then do not give up. It is quite possible to assemble the caterpillars on your own, using improvised tools and materials.

Next, you need to decide on the location of the engine: front or rear. Try to keep the structure as light as possible and the ski suspension to be soft. All this will make it possible to achieve high cross-country ability in deep snow. The principle is as follows: inside the caterpillar, when driving, 4 wheels roll along the conveyor belt. Special soil hooks are attached to the tracks to enhance traction. Caterpillars can be made at your discretion, but you should carefully consider the dimensions.

Wide or too long tracks will unnecessarily stress the engine. This, in turn, will complicate the handling of the snowmobile on tracks in the snow. A track that is too small will not be able to support the weight of the entire structure with the driver. It will become unstable and sink into loose and deep snow. For the manufacture of tracks, the simplest materials are used: plastic or plastic pipe of small diameter, wheels, bearings.

Workpieces with a length of 0.5 cm are made from the pipe, from which ground hooks are obtained. They are attached to the tape at the same distance from each other. Then they are bolted into the holes on the conveyor belt. The frame is made using square pipes or a channel. Use a tie rod without ball ends, as the steering and ski axes lie in the same plane.

On the front of the frame, bushings are attached to allow the ski to turn. They can be made from steel couplings with small diameter nipples and threads. Racks of skis and tie rods are welded to the pipes. To control the snowmobile, corners with a metal undercut are attached to the skis, which will allow you to move on ice or snow crust.

The weight of such a snowmobile is no more than 100 kg, and it is very simple to operate the vehicle. Since the power of the motor is low, the speed does not exceed 10-15 km / h, so no brakes are provided. The end of the movement occurs due to the reset of engine speed or the so-called engine braking.

How to make a snowmobile from a tiller?

  • What it is?
  • Self-production
  • Tiller snowmobile on wheels
  • Snowmobile from tiller on tracks
  • Snowmobile from Tiller on tires
  • Safe driving advice

Tiller snowmobile on wheels

To turn a wheeled tiller into a snowmobile, you need to take:

  • an iron connecting structure-trailer;
  • wheels for winter use, able to overcome snow obstacles.

A strict condition for the whole idea is that the trailer must be rigidly coupled to the snowmobile frame. A metal channel with a length of about half a meter must be welded parallel to the axis of the snowmobile. To do this, two holes are drilled at the edges of the channel. Hole clamps on the edges provide additional fastening and structural rigidity. They are attached to the axle of the snowmobile with bolts with a lock nut, using a cross welded to the structure.

This mount will act as a stopper that holds the trailer in place, preventing it from shifting at an angle. Such an element, although it reduces the ability to maneuver on the snowmobile, makes it more stable. Thus, a two-wheeled mechanism on one axle can be easily converted into a stable four-wheeled vehicle. At the same time, you will not need any diagrams and drawings, or additional costs.

A snow scooter with a motor will also require the correct selection of wheels. The easiest option is to purchase them in a retail network for a winter purpose, but it is not always advisable to look for easy ways. A more economical solution would be to make the wheels yourself. The budget option is to equip the snowmobile module with cameras designed for trucks. Deflated cameras are put on each wheel and fixed over the chain for driving on snow and ice. One is not enough, you need about five. An inflated chamber in a cache of chains will be an ellipse with a surface divided into segments like a daisy.

Another option for using ingenuity and saving the family budget is to use metal hoops over the cameras. They should be wide enough, twice as wide as the snowmobile wheels. The diameter of the hoop must match the inflated wheels of the tiller and trailer. Several metal plates are welded on the inside of each hoop. The thickness of the plates must be made about 2-3 cm. After lowering the cameras, you should put hoops on the wheels of the snowmobile and pump them up again. The inflated chambers will squeeze as much as possible against the metal circles. Plates like dirt lugs help increase traction on snowy roads.

Self-production

Let’s consider step by step how to make different types of snowmobiles with your own hands.

Safe driving advice

Do not forget that any vehicle, even one made by yourself, requires attention and care. You cannot overestimate your capabilities and move in the dark or in bad weather conditions. If visibility is poor, you may not notice changes in the topography of the earth, holes, ditches covered with snow. The low stability of the snowmobile when hitting any obstacle (stones, stumps, metal objects) can lead to overturning, throw off the rider and / or press down with its mass, cause injury, or even death.

Care is required when overcoming slopes and when driving under any overhanging obstacles: sagging wires, stretch marks, fallen trees. The blow will hit the rider’s chest, so if there is a backrest, injury is inevitable. Be aware of possible road obstacles and take safety seriously.

Longtail Mud Motor Tiller Handle Tie Up

For how to make a snowmobile from a tiller with your own hands, see the next video.

How to make a homemade wheeled all-terrain vehicle

An example of a drawing of an all-terrain vehicle on low-pressure tires

It makes sense to equip the base unit with a reduction gear. The reason is that the best torque indicators for gasoline and diesel engines are at a crankshaft speed of about 75-85% of the maximum.

The engine must have a forced cooling system. When driving at low speed, the incoming flow will not be enough to maintain optimal thermal conditions.

DIY all-terrain vehicles from Tiller

On the basis of the tiller, homemade all-terrain vehicles and other high-mobility vehicles are often made. There are several reasons for this:

  • there is an energy-rich transport unit with high traction characteristics, assembled on a frame;
  • engine and transmission control moved to comfortable grips;
  • the mass of tillers is low, they can be transported to the desired place in the trunk, body or on a car trailer.

For hunting and fishing, a light mini all-terrain vehicle is quite in demand. But the industry has not yet seen commercial prospects in creating sets of attachments that convert a serial tiller into an off-road vehicle. There are some pretty interesting examples of the creation of such machines. DIYers have created role models with their own hands. There is room for ideas when developing new interesting devices.

Rear axle and suspension of a homemade all-terrain vehicle

Some DIYers use a ready-made rear axle from a car to simplify the design. For example, from the car “Moskvich-412”: its small weight allows installation on a light all-terrain vehicle. Suspension is carried out on shock absorbers for a smooth ride and reduced vibration.

Other craftsmen make independent suspension for each rear wheel. This approach is implemented on the Muravei scooter. When driving, there is a slight swaying, at the same time, the wheels experience less resistance on bumps, and fuel consumption is noticeably reduced.

Connect the rear axle to the frame with long hardened bolts. For elastic joints, rubber inserts are used, for example, silent blocks. This improves the performance of the tiller-based ATV.

The rear axle on skis is used in winter. Movement resistance is minimal, design is greatly simplified.

Wheels (low pressure chambers)

You can use lugs to move on wet and wobbly ground. They provide high grip. Large diameter low pressure chambers behave even better. Pneumatics have minimal ground pressure, and the presence of air trapped in the chambers of the all-terrain vehicle will create a floating all-terrain vehicle.

For installation on the rear axle, self-made or special wheels for all-terrain vehicles, swamp vehicles and snowmobiles are used. They are purchased as an assembly or as separate elements: a tire, a camera, a disk. The wheel is going just.

  • Homemade pneumatic discs are made by welding conventional discs and mounting plates using metal tubes. Such expansion is necessary in order to fit the small diameter of the car rim under the large cameras and better fix them.
  • A large camera is put on a specially expanded disk. either a proprietary one or from other units (GAZ 53, Ural, Kamaz or another truck, aircraft camera, etc.).
  • An air valve is discharged into the opening of the disc.
  • The wheel is inflated with air.
  • The resulting tires are installed on a homemade all-terrain vehicle.

It is possible to increase the permeability of conventional wheels on low-pressure chambers by creating an additional protector. For example, you can additionally secure the cameras with chains, conveyor belts, homemade tracks or in another way.

Another option is to cut an overhead lug out of the tire. The depth of the hook of the structure reaches more than 20-25 mm. Rolling resistance is increased while the slip coefficient is sharply reduced.

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Assembling a homemade all-terrain vehicle from a tiller

When all the tools, spare parts and accessories are prepared, you can start assembling. This is a rough plan of how to assemble a homemade all-terrain vehicle, it all depends on the chosen design.

  • A tiller is installed on a welded or finished frame.
  • The rear axle is mounted and, if necessary, the front.
  • The seat is placed on the frame.
  • If provided by the drawing and diagram, the steering is installed.
  • Protection is attached to the frame, it is made of plastic or metal sheet.
  • The prospective driver should test the comfort of landing, if necessary, provide auxiliary devices for adjusting the fit.
  • The performance of the brakes is checked.
  • Electrical circuits and lighting fixtures are installed.

As individual elements and assemblies are manufactured, their operability is checked. It provides a fivefold safety margin.

After the completion of the bench tests, they proceed to the field tests. You need to know how the car behaves in difficult conditions.

ATV frame

An example of a drawing of a fracture frame

A frame is created between the front and rear axles. It is better to use rectangular or square shaped pipes as a basis. They provide greater rigidity than rolled corners, channels and I-beams of the same mass.

The joining of the frame elements of a wheeled all-terrain vehicle can be rigid, then it will be formed in a one-volume format. When using heavy tillers “Neva” or MTZ, this option will be preferable.

As an option, a breaking frame (fracture) is made, the option is used for areas with a complex profile. Here, the articulation is carried out through the king pin. Front and rear axles have independent suspension from each other. Such all-terrain vehicles are created by the masters on the basis of the Neva and Ugra tillers.

For hunting and fishing, it is better to have a wheeled all-terrain vehicle with a breakable frame. Its permeability is higher than with a rigid frame design.

Features of all-terrain vehicles from Tiller

The main components that should be purchased or made independently for a vehicle based on a tiller:

  • frame, it serves to organize a mobile vehicle;
  • the rear axle is needed to install the rear wheels;
  • a seat for the driver, it is desirable to protect it from moisture and dirt from under the wheels;
  • a lighting system is needed to move safely at any time of the day.

An all-terrain vehicle based on a tiller is created as a single-seat vehicle. Its carrying capacity should be about 200 kg. The width is calculated from the conditions of resistance to overturning, usually it is from 1100 mm or more.

Briggs & Stratton 5HP Tiller Handle Outboard River Run Solo

Modern Tilleri Neva, Ugra, MTZ and others are equipped with engines with a power of more than 10 hp. This power is enough to move at a speed of over 10 km / h. Off-road, when passing through slurry or swampy places, the speed may decrease to 1-2 km / h.

Wheels (low pressure chambers)

You can use lugs to move on wet and wobbly ground. They provide high grip. Large diameter low pressure chambers behave even better. Pneumatics have minimal ground pressure, and the presence of air trapped in the chambers of the all-terrain vehicle will create a floating all-terrain vehicle.

For installation on the rear axle, self-made or special wheels for all-terrain vehicles, swamp vehicles and snowmobiles are used. They are purchased as an assembly or as separate elements: a tire, a camera, a disk. The wheel is going just.

  • Homemade pneumatic discs are made by welding conventional discs and mounting plates using metal tubes. Such expansion is necessary in order to fit the small diameter of the car rim under the large cameras and better fix them.
  • A large camera is put on a specially expanded disk. either branded or from other units (GAZ 53, Ural, Kamaz or another truck, aircraft camera, etc.).
  • An air valve is discharged into the hole.
  • The wheel is inflated with air.
  • The resulting tires are installed on a homemade all-terrain vehicle.

It is possible to increase the permeability of conventional wheels on low-pressure chambers by creating an additional protector. For example, you can additionally secure the cameras with chains, conveyor belts, homemade tracks or in another way.

Another option is to cut an overhead lug out of the tire. The depth of the hook of the structure reaches more than 20-25 mm. Rolling resistance is increased while the slip coefficient is sharply reduced.

Rear axle and suspension of a homemade all-terrain vehicle

Some DIYers use a ready-made rear axle from a car to simplify the design. For example, from the car “Moskvich-412”: its small weight allows installation on a light all-terrain vehicle. Suspension is carried out on shock absorbers for a smooth ride and reduced vibration.

Other craftsmen make independent suspension for each rear wheel. This approach is implemented on the Muravei scooter. When driving, there is a slight swaying, at the same time, the wheels experience less resistance on bumps, and fuel consumption is noticeably reduced.

Connect the rear axle to the frame with long hardened bolts. For elastic joints, rubber inserts are used, for example, silent blocks. This improves the performance of the tiller-based ATV.

The rear axle on skis is used in winter. Movement resistance is minimal, design is greatly simplified.

ATV frame

An example of a drawing of a fracture frame

A frame is created between the front and rear axles. It is better to use rectangular or square shaped pipes as a basis. They provide greater rigidity than rolled corners, channels and I-beams of the same mass.

The joining of the frame elements of a wheeled all-terrain vehicle can be rigid, then it will be formed in a one-volume format. When using heavy tillers “Neva” or MTZ, this option will be preferable.

As an option, a breaking frame (fracture) is made, the option is used for areas with a complex profile. Here, the articulation is carried out through the king pin. Front and rear axles have independent suspension from each other. Such all-terrain vehicles are created by the masters on the basis of the Neva and Ugra tillers.

For hunting and fishing, it is better to have a wheeled all-terrain vehicle with a breakable frame. Its permeability is higher than with a rigid frame design.

DIY all-terrain vehicles from Tiller

On the basis of the tiller, homemade all-terrain vehicles and other high-mobility vehicles are often made. There are several reasons for this:

  • there is an energy-rich transport unit with high traction characteristics, assembled on a frame;
  • engine and transmission control moved to comfortable grips;
  • the mass of tillers is low, they can be transported to the desired place in the trunk, body or on a car trailer.

For hunting and fishing, a light mini all-terrain vehicle is quite in demand. But the industry has not yet seen commercial prospects in creating sets of attachments that convert a serial tiller into an off-road vehicle. There are some pretty interesting examples of the creation of such machines. DIYers have created role models with their own hands. There is room for ideas when developing new interesting devices.

Assembling a homemade all-terrain vehicle from a tiller

When all the tools, spare parts and accessories are prepared, you can start assembling. This is a rough plan of how to assemble a homemade all-terrain vehicle, it all depends on the chosen design.

  • A tiller is installed on a welded or finished frame.
  • The rear axle is mounted and, if necessary, the front.
  • The seat is placed on the frame.
  • If provided by the drawing and diagram, the steering is installed.
  • Protection is attached to the frame, it is made of plastic or metal sheet.
  • The prospective driver should test the comfort of landing, if necessary, provide auxiliary devices for adjusting the fit.
  • The performance of the brakes is checked.
  • Electrical circuits and lighting fixtures are installed.

As the individual elements and assemblies are manufactured, their performance is checked. It provides a fivefold safety margin.

After the completion of the bench tests, they proceed to the field tests. You need to know how the car behaves in difficult conditions.

How to make a homemade wheeled all-terrain vehicle

An example of a drawing of an all-terrain vehicle on low-pressure tires

It makes sense to equip the base unit with a reduction gear. The reason is that the best torque indicators for gasoline and diesel engines are at a crankshaft speed of about 75-85% of the maximum.

The engine must have a forced cooling system. When driving at low speed, the incoming flow will not be enough to maintain optimal thermal conditions.

Features of all-terrain vehicles from Tiller

The main components that should be purchased or made independently for a vehicle based on a tiller:

  • frame, it serves to organize a mobile vehicle;
  • the rear axle is needed to install the rear wheels;
  • a seat for the driver, it is desirable to protect it from moisture and dirt from under the wheels;
  • a lighting system is needed to move safely at any time of the day.

An all-terrain vehicle based on a tiller is created as a single-seat vehicle. Its carrying capacity should be about 200 kg. The width is calculated from the conditions of resistance to overturning, usually it is from 1100 mm or more.

Modern Tilleri Neva, Ugra, MTZ and others are equipped with engines with a power of more than 10 hp. This power is enough to move at a speed of over 10 km / h. Off-road, when passing through slurry or swampy places, the speed may decrease to 1-2 km / h.

Homemade tracked all-terrain vehicles with their own hands

The use of tracks will help to reduce the specific ground pressure. The weight is distributed over the entire track area. Such an all-terrain vehicle based on a tiller is able to overcome sand, wetlands, steep climbs and other obstacles.

Some do-it-yourselfers make metal track links from plates more than 5 mm thick. Rings from water pipes are welded to the plates. Another version of the track links is made entirely of PVC pipes, cut lengthwise. The tracks are attached to each other on a conveyor belt or other base.

It is easier to make tracks from composite materials. For this, fiberglass and epoxy are used. Glass-polymer reinforcement is used as a frame. Track links are made in special shapes. After making the required amount, they are collected into a caterpillar. In the manufacture of tracks from composite materials, elements for articulation are used from wear-resistant steels.

There are options for using timber tracks. They will need to be impregnated with protective mixtures.

The easiest way to make a tiller-based ATV track is to use a conveyor belt. One track requires two lanes. They are connected in a ring, and then a caterpillar is created using pieces of steel pipe.

In the video, you can see the option of making a waterproof case that is kept afloat. In this case, the tracked mover will allow you to move not only on the ground, but also on the water. The result is an amphibious all-terrain vehicle. For hunting and fishing, it will be indispensable.