Dog Box Do-It-Yourself, Drawings And Dimensions Of The Box For The German Shepherd
A well-made dog box is evidence of the owner’s concern for his pet. And she, as well as a residential house should be built with an understanding of the case, taking into account the minimum requirements necessary for a comfortable stay of your pet.
Choice of dog house design: warm or cold
The main argument for refusing to warm the doghouse is that a huge number of stray dogs overwinter without any roof over their heads, and they even tolerate very great frosts. At the same time forget that not all. Such statistics are not kept in Russia. But the cries of help during the big frosts from the dog shelters are very audible. Dogs freeze in them, not having places for warming, in spite of the fact that they also increase the amount of meat in the ration and even the smallest and smooth-haired are attached to at least a little bit, but warmed places.
In addition, stray dogs are still not limited in movement and can find a place to rest, at worst find a free heat pipeline hatch, and home dogs, and even chains, are limited by the possibilities that you will provide them.
If you do not transfer your animal for a period of high frost into a heated room, you should definitely make a booth for it insulated. The dog will choose where it is more comfortable, but for some reason in cold weather prefers the warmed part of the booth, if it is available, but let’s talk about the design features of these facilities a little later.
Booths for dogs without insulation can be built in warm regions of the country, where the temperature rarely drops below zero, but in such cases it is desirable to provide easily removable outdoor insulation. But the floor and the roof in all cases, make warmed. It is useful not only for winter.
A booth must be built for a particular dog. Or on the contrary, pick up the animal, taking into account the dimensions of the existing booth. The option when a large box is made that is able to accommodate a large dog guaranteed, and a dachshund settles in it, just as unacceptable as a small box for a large dog.
In the first case, the dog will not be able to sufficiently heat his (even well-insulated) housing, and in the second, the dog will be extremely uncomfortable and he will not be able to stay in such a booth for a long time. There is no complicated scheme for calculating the optimal internal dimensions of the booth.
If you decide to make a booth from two rooms and warm one of them, then the dimensions of the warm cannot be smaller than the calculated ones, but the so-called vestibule can be slightly reduced. But not much.
In the case when you will pick up a ready-made booth or choose an animal taking into account the dimensions available, consider these average parameters:
- small breeds of dogs – 600 x 600 x 800 with a manhole of not more than 300 x 400;
- medium breeds of dogs – 800 x 800 x 1100 with a manhole of not more than 350 x 450;
- Large breeds of dogs – 1100 x 1100 x 1300 with a manhole of not more than 400 x 500.
But, if you have time, not very expensive material and minimal skills in working with carpentry tools, make a booth for your dog with your own hands. He will feel your care and pay back a hundredfold.
Design features of the doghouse
Now, when we have dealt with the dimensions, we can consider the design features of a dog’s home.
In fact, this is 90% of all the options used. The remaining 10% remain for various kinds of manipulations with the appearance, fitting into the landscape design and demonstration of either the skills, skills and artistic taste, or the thickness of the owner’s wallet.
With all this, it is necessary to observe several conditions:
- the absence in the inner lining of elements that can injure or degrade your pet;
- the ability to cover walls and floor for a long time to withstand the effects of dog claws;
- the absence of cracks (especially in the floor) in which the dog’s claw can get stuck;
- possibility of free and easy periodic access inside for sanitary and hygienic processing;
- the resistance of the inner coating of the booth to the chemical components of disinfectant mixtures and solutions.
The ability to easily access the insides of the booth is most often achieved by arranging an easily removable or folding roof, less often by opening (tilting) one of its walls.
In the variant with a gable roof and a single-volume room, the height of the side walls can be reduced. The main thing that the dog had the opportunity to stand in the booth in full growth. But, making such a roof, you deprive your pet of one of the pleasures of lying on it, which all dogs love to do. Therefore, on sloping roofs it is recommended to arrange a minimum slope. If the booth is placed under a canopy or in an open-air cage, then make its roof flat – without any slope at all.
By the way, if you are doing an aviary, then note that its dimensions should not be less:
- 6 sq.m. – for dogs up to 50 cm high at the withers;
- 8 sq.m. – for dogs from 50 to 65 cm at the withers;
- 10 sq.m. – for dogs that are at the withers above 65 cm.
Its height should be sufficient to move to the full height of people serving the aviary, but not lower than the height of the booth the growth of your dog, in the case of building a booth with a flat roof.
It is possible to build a booth with flooring under one roof or as a separate element, but only in the case of relatively free movement of the dog outside the structure.
But, the design shown in the third photo can be recommended only for warm regions of our country, for the rest – with the installation of a heating system. After all, the booth not only has a clearly larger size than even a large dog like the German Shepherd can warm with its body, but all the warm air will accumulate under its roof. The animal will be cold in severe frosts.
Even in the construction of any booth, you should provide a device for quick and easy mounting in winter time over the manhole curtains or curtains of thick coarse cloth such as burlap or felt. And above it should be drilled from one to 3 holes for access of air with a total area of 20 – 30 mm.
There are no special requirements for this node, except for:
- maximum snug fit to the manhole;
- the ability to take the original position after the passage of the animal;
- minimum ventilation;
- ease of disinfection.
To carry out the second point, a small oblong container with sand is sewn into fairly light fabrics at the bottom of the curtain.
Selection of materials for the German Shepherd Doghouse
It would seem that talking about the materials for some booths? What we have is what we use. But, as mentioned above, some rules must be followed. For example, one skilled worker for warmth upholstered the inside of a booth with thick felt – not enough for one season. In addition, this material is a great breeding ground for evil spirits.
Therefore, from the materials used for the frame and the outer enclosing structures during the construction of the shepherd box, we can first recommend a softwood tree treated with a biostop or impregnation with a coloring effect containing antiseptic materials.
It is not recommended to use metal, including to cover the roof, if the booth is not located in the aviary or under a canopy. Glowing up on the sun, he will create unbearable (even for a dog) conditions inside the building and make a potential rookery unsuitable for use.
As a heater, it is best to use polystyrene foam.
Firstly, it is more effective than any cotton one and a half times.
Secondly, it does not require hydro- and vapor barrier.
Thirdly, it does not sink into the design.
Fourth, has the best price-performance ratio
of all modern heaters.
If any cotton wool is used as a heat insulation material, we recommend using its marks not lower than the 45th density and on both sides to limit the moisture access to it with a dense polyethylene film. As mentioned above, the dog basically heats its dwelling with the temperature of its own body. At the same time, although the dogs do not sweat much, their breathing makes the environment inside the booth quite moist. If cotton wool, being a very hydrophilic material, is nourished with this moisture, then from a heater it can be a conductor of cold, which is not necessary for us, or, especially, for our dog.
For the inner layer of our sandwich, we recommend using either very dry, tightly fitted (and preferably grooved) boards, be sure to be thoroughly sanded and opened with paint or varnish that prevents the appearance of splinters, or moisture-proof plywood or OSB. And, for God’s sake, do not be afraid that glue, fastening plywood veneer or wood chips in the OSB will cause damage to the health of your pet. Phenol begins to stand out at temperatures above 32 ° C, which, with the proper construction of the roof, is impossible even in summer, and in winter even more so. But, for greater confidence, cover their surface with some kind of durable moisture-resistant varnish, and then periodically renew the coating as it abrades. As a fastener is best to use screws on the tree.
But the correct device of the roof provides for the presence of 100 mm. insulation, even if you arrange a dog’s home is not in the sun, which is, by the way, a prerequisite. In addition, its coating should not only be waterproof, but also, if possible, heat insulating. Not bad with this task several layers of roofing material cope, the top of which will have to be replaced every 7 – 8 years, flexible (bitumen) tiles, which will need to be periodically cleaned from dirty traces of the owner of the housing, or newfangled geomembrane, thickness and density sufficient for successful resistance to his claws.
We are assembling a booth for a German shepherd dog, according to the size of the dog
The German Shepherd Dog is considered a medium sized dog. The breed standard has defined dimensions:
- height at withers 60-65 cm for males and 55 – 60 for females;
- body length 10 – 17% more than the height at the withers.
On this basis, the internal dimensions of the booth, or its main compartment 1000 x 700 x 650, will be optimal.
Dogs of such breeds with street maintenance, as a rule, are placed in cages, so we will describe the process of assembling a box with a flat roof, which does not require a ramp and roofing.
We cut the bars 50 x 50 in the number and size shown in the images above. We will need:
- 1700 – 8 pieces;
- 700 – 15 pieces;
- 650 – 14 pcs;
- 450 – 2 pieces;
- 400 – 4 pcs.
We connect them, as shown in the photographs using self-tapping screws on a tree 92 or 102 mm long, pre-drilled the attachment points with a 3 mm drill. I would like to note that the dimensions of the parts are given without taking into account the thickness of the sheathing material. This should be considered when assembling the side walls and partitions of your booth, reducing their width by double the thickness of the skin.
Tip: When using such a long fastener, we recommend using a grease for self-tapping screws. Put a small engine oil container in place of the assembly and before screwing in the screw, dip its threaded part into it. You can also replace the oil with a bar of soap, which lather the threads of the screw before screwing.
Of course, you can replace the screws with nails 120-150 mm, but the screws are more reliable and do not split when connecting not very thick bar.
Connect all the elements obtained, except for the roof, by positioning the inner partition with a manhole opening to the back wall so that the dog does not twist in a small vestibule.
Fill the interior with OSB sheets or plywood, attaching them to the screws on a tree 40–45 mm long, slightly sinking the head. To prevent the dog from getting hurt, treat the surface with emery cloth.
If you decide that only the main room should be warm, only sheathe it from the inside.
Fill the outside of the cavity of the booth for a shepherd dog or its main compartment and the partition between the bars with polystyrene foam PSB-C-15 with a thickness of 50 mm, preferably using foam, and sheathe the outside with the same OSB, plywood or tongue-and-groove wooden material (board, paneling, etc. ).
Make the roof of the booth a single sandwich panel filled with the same polystyrene foam. Cover all with two-three layers of a varnish for external works or the paint suitable for such purposes.
Attach the cover to the powerful hinges so that it does not move when the dog jumps on it, and on the front side, install a couple of latches-latches.
It remains to glue on the upper beams under the roof two rows of self-adhesive insulation for doors and you can invite your dog to a housewarming party. You can fix the roof support, which is used to fix it in the open position during cleaning and disinfection.
A little about heating booth
And yet, especially for especially cold regions of our country, it is worth thinking about inexpensive, easy to maintain and install, heating booths. Those today are infrared film electric heaters – PLANS, mounted on a reflecting heat insulator such as alyuf. Heating not air, but objects, they can be, without any additional preparation, bolted to the booth ceiling and heat the animal itself during its stay in it, or the floor during the absence of the dog.