How long can broilers be cut after antibiotics
What antibiotics should not be consumed at the same time as alcohol?
In order to avoid death, you need to refrain from taking alcohol during the treatment of complex infections and 5 days after the end of the course of therapy.
Groups of drugs that are absolutely incompatible with alcohol:
Aminoglycosides (not combined with other chemical compounds, including alcohol),
Chloramphenicol (even without interaction with alcohol, cause severe side effects, which intensify when interacting with ethyl alcohol);
Drugs for the treatment of tuberculosis, leprosy;
Lincosamides (extremely toxic to the liver and central nervous system);
Tetracyclines (alcohol neutralizes the effect of antibiotics that block the biochemical processes in the body of pathogenic bacteria);
Nitroimidazoles (a ban on alcohol for up to 7 days after the end of the course of these antibiotics);
Cephalosporins (a mixture with alcohol leads to tachycardia and other serious consequences due to a disulfiram-like reaction);
Macrolides (doubles the toxic effects of alcohol on the liver and brain).
When to drink alcohol after taking antibiotics?
Not a single doctor will give an answer to the question of how long it takes to take alcoholic beverages while taking antibiotics. The mechanism of action of drugs from this pharmaceutical group is so different that it is impossible to calculate the body’s reaction to alcohol. In addition, diseases for which antibiotics are taken impose restrictions on part of the patient’s diet.
Antibiotics, the use of which is not prohibited at the same time as alcohol
List of antibacterial drugs that do not interact with alcohol:
Penicillins are broad-spectrum antibacterial drugs;
Vancomycin is a drug from the group of glycopeptides that blocks the synthesis of the bacterial cell wall;
Rifomycin is a drug from the ansamycin group used to treat many diseases;
Heliomycin. a drug for the treatment of diseases of the ENT organs and infectious dermatitis.
Even if the joint use of antibiotics and alcohol theoretically cannot harm the body, we must not forget about the individual body’s response to such combinations. It is advisable not to drink alcohol within 3 days after taking the last dose of antibiotics.
The body’s response to a combination of alcohol and antibiotics
One of the consequences of combining alcohol and antibiotics is blocking the ethanol breakdown reaction in the human body. The consequences of such a metabolic disorder are the accumulation of acetaldehyde in tissues and organs due to impaired excretion.
Possible consequences of drinking alcohol while taking antibiotics:
Building Back Gut Health After Taking a Round of Antibiotics
Dysfunction of the liver, when the metabolism of alcohol and drugs, is atypical and inhibits the work of the organ. Instead of removing waste products, the liver accumulates toxins in its cells.
Intoxication of the body occurs, its symptoms are nausea, unbearable headache, convulsions, vomiting and dizziness.
Sweating and redness of the skin.
Hangover syndrome against the background of taking antibiotics, its consequences. mental disorder, mental confusion.
How to take antibiotics correctly?
Drugs that are effective against pathogenic bacteria can be hazardous to the patient’s health. Antibiotic treatment should not be started without a doctor’s recommendation and good reason. The main indications are a bacterial infection, from which an organism with insufficiently strong immunity cannot get rid of on its own. Antibiotics destroy the cellular structure of pathogenic microorganisms, helping to cope with the disease.
Rules for taking antibiotics prescribed by a doctor:
To maintain the desired concentration of the active substance, the recommended dosage and frequency of administration should be strictly observed.
The duration of antibiotic treatment is determined by the attending physician, on average, this period is 5-14 days. Long-acting drugs can be taken for 1-3 days.
Antibiotics are washed down with pure non-carbonated water only.
Taking medications is accompanied by a restriction in the diet of alcohol and fatty foods.
Is a ban on alcohol while taking antibiotics justified??
Restrictions on alcohol consumption are among the mandatory requirements for a patient taking antibiotics. These requirements apply to the period of rehabilitation after illness.
Reasons for contraindications to alcohol intake during a course of antibiotics:
Once in the digestive and circulatory systems, alcohol breaks down into simple chemical compounds. By interacting with each other, alcohol molecules and antibiotic molecules can create substances toxic to the body.
The effectiveness of the active substance of antibiotics is markedly reduced against the background of alcohol.
The negative effect of antibiotics mixed with alcohol on the functioning of the liver and the whole body is multiplied when they are taken simultaneously.
It is impossible to predict the body’s response to a combination of alcohol and drugs.
According to the observations of doctors, the effectiveness of antibiotic therapy is higher in those who did not take alcohol during and after the illness.
When is it safe to drink alcohol after taking antibiotics?
According to experts, the active substance of antibiotics can be in the body for at least 3 days. Sustained-release drugs have a long disintegration period. 10-24 days. A doctor’s consultation will help to avoid negative consequences from the combination of incompatible substances. If for some reason it is impossible to get it, you need to carefully study the instructions for using the antibiotic. Important parameters to pay special attention to:
The duration of the course of treatment;
Compatibility of the active substance with ethyl alcohol;
The time during which alcohol should not be consumed after taking the last dose.
If such information is not available, it does not mean that toxic effects cannot occur. It is necessary to withstand a period of at least a day to remove the components of the drug from the body. An organism whose immunity is impaired after a disease is not sufficiently strong to be exposed to the toxins of ethyl alcohol.
Education: 2010 to 2016 practitioner of the therapeutic hospital of the central medical-sanitary unit 1, elektrostal town. Since 2016 she has been working in the diagnostic center
In our time, it is difficult to even imagine that a once commonplace injury. a cut, wound or burn. could cost a person his life due to infection and subsequent blood poisoning. And such serious illnesses as pneumonia, meningitis, tuberculosis or syphilis almost always meant a death sentence for the patient and the previous long suffering.
The drugs of this pharmaceutical group require a balanced approach to prescribing, but there are times when you cannot do without them. These are bacterial infections that caused an inflammatory process with purulent discharge, tissue damage, and a rise in temperature. Diseases for which antibiotics are used.
The drugs of this pharmaceutical group are prescribed exclusively for bacterial infections. These can be serious conditions such as meningitis or pneumonia that threaten the life of the child. Treatment of such infections occurs in a hospital based on the results of laboratory tests and medical supervision of the patient.
Medicines designed to destroy pathogens. these are antibiotics. Invented at the beginning of the twentieth century, they have saved millions of lives. Over the past 20 years, these drugs have been widely used to treat a wide variety of diseases. There are 11 groups including.
Than self-medication threatens
Many people prescribe antibiotics to themselves. As soon as a sore throat, a cough, a runny nose appeared, they immediately go to the pharmacy to buy antibacterial drugs. What does it threaten?
“First of all, it is inappropriate to treat colds with antibacterial drugs. After all, there are no antibiotics capable of destroying viruses. Therefore, such a medicine for flu or colds is an extra burden on all body systems,” says Yuri Gavalko. day the temperature does not drop, you can suspect the connection of a bacterial infection as well, since viruses greatly weaken the immune system. In this case, the doctor can prescribe antibiotics to the patient. But you should not prescribe antibacterial drugs yourself, since their uncontrolled intake can seriously harm health, including causing the appearance resistant bacteria and dysbiosis. The danger of self-medication with antibiotics is also evidenced by the fact that in the EU countries they are dispensed only by prescription. “.
Clearly according to the scheme
It often happens that patients who are prescribed antibiotics take them for several days, and then, as soon as they feel better, they stop treatment. The doctor warns that by doing this, you can seriously harm your health.
If the patient starts taking antibiotics, you should definitely drink them for the entire course (in case of allergy to the drug, you need to consult a doctor so that he prescribes another antibiotic). Even if after one or two days the state of health improves, the course of antibiotic treatment cannot be stopped, otherwise the bacteria that have not died (it is impossible to destroy all pathogens in two to three days) will not be sensitive to this antibiotic in the future. over, the microorganisms that survived will transmit information to other pathogenic bacteria on how to deal with the antibacterial drug. As a result, the so-called multi-resistant bacteria will appear, which are not afraid of any antibiotic.
An interrupted course of antibiotic therapy has other negative consequences. As an example, let us take chloramphenicol, which is often taken for intestinal disorders. If taken incorrectly (one or two days), then it is dangerous not only by the appearance of resistant bacteria, but also by possible blood diseases (leukemia).
Also, do not try to adjust the dose of the drug (for example, drink not a whole pill, but half, in order to avoid side effects). When small doses are used, bacteria do not die, but, on the contrary, become hardened. It is strictly not allowed to skip taking the drug, the medicine must be drunk clearly according to the scheme determined by the doctor.
Antibiotics will soon be unable to defeat diseases: people abuse these drugs so much that they negate their therapeutic effect. Recently, American scientists came to this conclusion, they are supported by doctors in many countries. Is the situation really so critical and how to properly treat with antibacterial agents so as not to harm your body, said Yuriy Gavalko, a researcher at the DF Chebotarev Institute of Gerontology, National Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine.
Protection and recovery
What to do to avoid dysbiosis while taking antibiotics?
“Any antibiotic kills all bacteria that are in the body (including useful ones). As a result of the death of the beneficial intestinal microflora, dysbiosis occurs. Its main symptoms: discomfort, discomfort in the abdomen, impaired bowel movements, intolerance to some food (which has not happened before ), allergic reactions.Therefore, from the first day of antibiotic therapy, you need to take probiotics (substances that protect the beneficial microflora of the gastrointestinal tract). For this purpose, we recommend the drug Linex to patients of our institute. the interval is at least two hours. That is, “Linex” is taken 2-2.5 hours after the antibacterial drug. At the same time, you also need to take prebiotics (substances that help the probiotic work so that it does not pass through the intestines in transit). maybe the drug “Lactulose”, which should be consumed in 30 ml in the morning on an empty stomach 30 minutes before meals, “- answers the doctor h.
It should also be remembered that standard antibiotic therapy usually lasts two to three weeks. And to restore normal intestinal microflora, the course of probiotics should be three times longer. When you stop taking antibiotics, you can take simpler probiotics instead of Linex, which is a rather expensive drug. For example, yoghurt capsules sold in pharmacies.
Fermented milk products will also help to restore the intestinal microflora, since they contain bacteria beneficial to humans.
Important. You need to drink antibiotics only with plain water. In order not to overload the body, during the period of antibiotic therapy, you should follow a diet: there are foods that are easily digested (lean meat, vegetables, baked apples and a loaf of bran).
Acne after taking antibiotics
Acne after taking antibiotics can appear on the face and on the body, which indicates that the internal organs are not working at full strength. After prolonged use of antibiotics, the growth and work of symbiotic microorganisms is disrupted. This leads to the fact that dysbiosis begins to progress. Intestinal dysbiosis. this is the most common ailment after taking antibiotics for a long time. Antibiotics disrupt the balance of organisms not only in the intestines, but also on the mucous membranes, on the skin.
As a result, in the conditions of the altered microflora of the body, pyogenic bacteria begin to multiply. Normally, staphylococci perform a protective function, protecting the skin from foreign microorganisms.
Therefore, masking acne on the face with cosmetics, squeezing them out, applying medications and additional antibacterial drugs for cosmetic purposes will worsen skin problems.
If antibiotics were used for a short time, then acne after taking antibiotics is temporary. They often disappear on their own without corrective treatment. But if antibiotics were prescribed for a long time, and this greatly affected the health of the skin, then first you need to consult a doctor, and then do phyto-healing of the skin.
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How to examine?
Who to contact?
What needs to be examined?
The presence of contraindications for use
The basis of the effect of all antihelminthic drugs are toxic substances. Compliance with the recommended dosage contributes to the destruction of parasites, helping to remove them from the chicken’s body without causing toxic effects. However, if the bird is noticeably emaciated or an infectious disease is present, the use of drugs is unsafe.
Important! All of the listed drugs (with the exception of Flubenvet) are unsuitable for treating helminthiasis in young animals.
Transmission of chicken helminths to humans
The main method of transmission of worms from chicken to humans is by eating meat.
To avoid infection with helminths, chicken meat must be thoroughly boiled and fried.
Infected eggs have thin shells, sometimes just a film. This product should be disposed of.
How helminths come out?
- 1 Do parasites leave after treatment and why?
- 2 Where do they come from?
- 3 In what form do worms leave the body?
- 4 Can the worm get out and what to do?
- 5 Features of the process in a child
- 6 How long does it take for parasites to be expelled from the body??
- 7 How to Survive Therapy Easier?
Many people wondered how worms come out after taking anthelmintic pills. After all, different drugs have different effects on parasitic individuals, destroying their cellular structures or affecting the nervous system. Why do worms come out, what to do when individuals come out of the anus or together with vomit, and how to help your child in such cases?
Antibiotic Use in the Poultry Industry
When the human body is affected by helminths or other parasites, it so happens that they go out on their own, then the person learns that he is a carrier of a dangerous disease. Most often, parasites come out with feces, but it also happens that, for example, ascaris leaves the body of its owner without taking any special measures. The release of worms is also observed when the female lays eggs on the outer epithelium of the anus. Such an event is inherent in female pinworms, while a person develops itching, discomfort in the anus.
After taking some medications, worms come out with feces or vomit, while they are intact and without damage. This suggests that the parasites are paralyzed or already dead. There are cases that after treatment, worms are not excreted from the human body. It may be an ineffective drug or the intestines have digested the parasite, so it is not visible in the feces. In any case, after a course of drug therapy, the doctor directs the patient to re-take tests, which will show whether the parasites have been eliminated or the treatment needs to be continued.
How Long Does It Take Gut Bacteria To Recover After Antibiotics?
After worms, some types of worms leave the human colon during bowel movements.
After the worms, worms of various types and structures come out. In most cases, parasites die in the human body and during defecation they are not visible in the feces. However, if a person also drank a laxative, then the intestines do not have time to quickly digest the dead helminth and then the person will be able to see full-fledged large helminths or even a whole ball of parasites in the feces. Some types of worms leave the human colon, causing severe pain and discomfort, so it is important that the parasite is identified so that the appropriate medication can be selected.
When the worms come out of the anus by themselves, you need to save the individual so that the doctor can recognize the parasite and prescribe the appropriate treatment. For this, the worm is placed in a clean container and taken to the laboratory for recognition. If the expulsion of parasites from the human body began after taking anthelmintic drugs, then the parasites just need to be flushed down the toilet. Sometimes it happens that the worms come out with blood. The fact is that large worms damage the mucous walls of the intestine and then such symptoms are observed. However, most often internal bleeding occurs and blood from the anus does not always indicate the presence of parasites. In this case, you need to exclude other bowel diseases.
If a child has a worm, in no case should you start treatment yourself and buy drugs at your own discretion. Anthelmintic drugs are toxic and negatively affect the condition of the liver and pancreas. Therefore, therapy is started only after confirmation of the diagnosis.
If children have worms, an urgent need to start treatment, since in advanced stages the disease causes serious complications. When a child is infected with pinworms, the females climb out of the baby’s body at night, while itching and uncomfortable sensations bother him. In girls, female pinworms lay eggs on the outer labia, causing inflammation and burning.
When a large helminth is seen in the feces, it is most likely ascaris. If the body has left a large tape tape measure, the baby may be bothered by severe abdominal pain. It happens that the parasite leaves the body for a long time, leaving the intestines in several parts. When taking drugs for worms after each act of defecation, you need to wash the child well, in this way it will be possible to get rid of the released part of the eggs.
After taking an anthelmintic, a person notices that dead individuals are excreted along with excrement.
It so happens that after taking an anthelmintic, a person notices that the worms do not come out. This may indicate that the medicine did not work and the parasites remained in the intestines. However, it also happens that after the use of drugs, the worms die and the body has time to digest them. Then a person will not see the remains of individuals in excrement. In any case, after the course of therapy is completed, you need to take repeated tests, which will show how effective the treatment was.
If it was possible to drive out the parasites, and the tests are clean, after 1.5 months a second course of medication is prescribed, which will help to consolidate the result and avoid relapse.
When taking anthelmintic drugs, the patient may experience side reactions in the form of intestinal dysfunction, an increase in the size of the liver, nausea and vomiting. If such symptoms bother the child, it is better to go to the hospital, so it will be possible to avoid complications and even greater health problems. In such cases, auxiliary therapy is prescribed, which will help get rid of dysbiosis, increase the level of hemoglobin in the blood, and replenish the body with lost vitamins and microelements. When being treated for parasites, it is important to avoid symptoms of intoxication. To do this, you need to drink more fluids and avoid foods that contain a lot of sugar and fat. After treatment, you must follow the preventive measures recommended by the doctor that will help prevent relapse.
Varieties of helminths and a list of symptoms
An infected chicken can be identified in the presence of the following signs that characterize the general symptoms of helminthiasis:
- lack of appetite;
- low body weight;
- lethargic state.
Note. Severe infection can lead to death of the animal.
Butchering the carcass, certain varieties of helminths are visible to the naked eye. Accurate diagnosis is carried out by examining infected chicken droppings in a veterinary laboratory.
The list of parasites that live in the body of the chicken and the characteristic symptoms:
- Capillariasis is a disease caused by filamentous worms found in the intestines of poultry. With capillariasis, the chicken lags behind in development, has a sluggish behavior, can run poorly and refuses to eat.
- Syngamosis is a disease carried by the nematode and syngamis, which inhabit the respiratory organs. With syngamosis, the chicken has no appetite, which is accompanied by severe exhaustion and wheezing when breathing.
- Ascariasis is a disease caused by roundworms that live in the intestines. With ascariasis, the bird refuses water and feed, which is accompanied by paralysis and a decrease in egg production.
- Cestodosis is a disease transmitted by a tapeworm parasite that lives in the gastrointestinal tract. The disease accompanies such a manifestation as weakness and poor appetite.
- Histomoniasis is a disease carried by histomonads that live in the liver. Accompanied by apathy, yellow or green liquid droppings.
- Amidostomiasis is a disease that is transmitted by nematodes and amidostoma helminths that live in the stomach. The sick laying hen is apathetic, refuses to feed. Another sign of amidostomosis is that young hens develop slowly.
- Trematodosis is a disease caused by almost microscopic parasites that live in the oviduct, which are pear-shaped and have a yellowish tinge of the body. Infection occurs when eating shellfish. The presence of this disease can be recognized by the deformation of the shape of the oviduct and the absence of a shell or yolk.
- Nocotylidosis is a disease transmitted by parasites with a rounded torso that live in the rectum of a bird. Infection occurs when the larvae are swallowed on a swampy paddock. The list of symptoms includes a decrease or lack of response to feed, a slowdown in weight gain. Young growth may die altogether.
- Daveniosis is a disease caused by small-sized cestodes. Symptoms of this disease include symptoms such as low mobility of the animal, refusal to use feed. Severe consequences are the death of 65% of the livestock or the presence of a lethal outcome of certain individuals, before which sick birds are paralyzed for some time.
- Heteracosis is a disease transmitted by chickens pecking the eggs of this type of worms. The disease is indicated by low mobility of chickens, lack of reaction to food and diarrhea. In addition, the area of the digestive tract undergoes deformation.
Infected chickens produce a small number of eggs, which are distinguished by the thinness of the shell. If the respiratory organs are affected, there may be a blanching of the color of the comb and the publication of wheezing.
Preparations for parasites for chickens
Today, the pharmaceutical industry provides a large number of anthelmintic drugs. The action of each of them is aimed at paralyzing the neuromuscular tissue of helminths, their loss of the ability to move, which does not allow them to stay in the body of the animal and contributes to their exit.
The list of the most widely used drugs against worms in chickens includes:
- Piperazine added to feed. Calculation of piperazine for chickens The dosage is ⅓ tablets for 1 kilogram of chicken body weight. Compound feed, to which piperazine is added, should be given to chickens (on an empty stomach, for two days). After a week, piperazine for chickens, the dosage required for treatment that is repeated, must be observed.
- Pirantel, capable of curing helminthiasis in both humans and chickens. It is applied 3 times, observing a 6-day interval. When the pirantelous course of treatment is completed, meat cannot be eaten for 2 months, eggs. 4 days.
- Flubendazole is a British-made anthelmintic drug based on the action of flubendazole. This is a powder that must be mixed with feed in the amount of 3 grams per kilogram of chicken weight. It has an effect both on the eggs of worms and on adult larvae. The course of treatment continues for a week.
- Levamisole Plus is a liquid product. This drug is intended to feed infected birds. To do this, add it to the drinking bowl at the rate of 1 milligram per 240 milliliters of water. The beginning of the use of homemade meat and meat products is possible 8 days after treatment.
- Albenmix is an anthelmintic drug that is designed to remove adult worms by adding it with morning feed. Estimated rate. 1 gram per 10 kilograms of chicken weight.
- Ivermectin is a drug with a wide spectrum of action aimed at destroying internal and external helminths.
- Alvet used for ascariasis and heterocytosis. The estimated dosage is 0.5 grams per 10 kilograms of bird weight. The duration of the course of treatment is two days. The drug should be added to the morning feed.
- 8% Levamisole is a medicine produced in powder form with a wide range of effects. It is intended for mixing with compound feed in the amount of ten milligrams per 1 kilogram of chicken mass. The duration of the course of treatment is three days.
- Febtal, used for amidostomosis, capillariasis and ascariasis. The drug is dissolved in water in the amount of 0.4 milligrams per 1 kilogram of chicken body weight. Treatment with this drug continues for three days.
- A university aimed at the destruction of nematodes. Method of application. mixing in mixed feed in an amount of 0.2 grams per kilogram weight of a chicken. The duration of the course is three days.
After how many days you can cut broilers after drinking from worms
Helminthiasis in poultry is not uncommon; parasites can easily enter their body when gluing food or drinking water. Roundworms, pinworms, whipworms, capillaria, tracheal worms. this is an incomplete list of worms in broilers. All these parasites easily spread throughout the body of chickens, causing damage to various organs and systems.
Since the meat of infected broilers is not eaten, in order not to suffer losses, it is important to carry out the whole range of measures to prevent possible infection of birds with helminthiases.
- Keep the livestock clean, clean the poultry houses in a timely manner.
- Mowing the grass at the place of walking.
- Ventilate chicken coops regularly.
- Give the birds clean running water.
- Feed your broilers with fresh feed.
- To solder all livestock in spring and autumn with anthelmintic agents.
When growing broilers, it is worth deworming, they are given medicine from the 10th day of life. Add natural remedies against worms to the feed: pumpkin seeds, wild garlic, garlic, onions, mustard leaves, calendula flowers.
Characteristics of the most common helminthiasis in birds
- Ascariasis. It is caused by roundworms up to 12 cm long. The eggs of the parasites have a very strong shell and therefore remain for a long time in the external environment: on grass, on leaves, in water, on carriers from the animal world (slugs, earthworms). Once in the small intestine, the larvae mature and turn into sexually mature individuals, then their reproduction begins. Ascariasis is dangerous not only for chickens, but also for humans, because you can easily get it through contact with birds. Having found it in at least one broiler, it is necessary to deworm the entire flock.
- The disease manifests itself in chickens with poor appetite and growth, blanching of the scallops, falling wings, and a drop in activity. Helminthiasis is especially dangerous for chickens, because worms interfere with the absorption of nutrients from feed and poison the body of chicks with toxins, as well as accumulations of ascaris can cause blockage of the intestinal lumen and death of birds.
- Tracheal helminthiasis. It occurs due to the penetration of parasites from the genus Syngamus trachea into the body of broilers, they are red thin worms up to 20 mm. in length. Chickens become infected with them by eating insects and arthropods. The favorite place of localization of these worms is the trachea of birds, they loosen the mucous membrane of this respiratory organ, which causes its inflammation. Symptoms of worms in broilers and their parasites are manifested by: trembling of birds’ heads (as a desire to get rid of tracheal worms), mucous outflows from the holes in the beak (often with blood), annoying sneezing and coughing, shortness of breath (broilers open their mouth wide and begin to breathe with hissing or hissing sound). There are times when colonies of worms block the trachea, causing birds to suffocate.
- Enterobiasis. Pinworm infection occurs through the external environment, with food and water, helminth larvae penetrate the gastrointestinal system and begin to destroy it. Birds become inactive or overly excited, they are also prone to combing and traumatizing the cloaca, are gluttonous, or, on the contrary, are indifferent to food. Since these parasites are small, they do not pose any danger to the health and life of chickens, but this helminthiasis is very quickly transmitted to the entire livestock, and since broiler chickens are a meat breed (intended only for food), it is important to get rid of parasites as soon as possible.
- Capillariasis. It is caused by nematodes, roundworms up to 8.12 mm in size, coiled, with suction cups. Parasites infect the digestive system of birds, forming nodules under the mucous membrane. Broilers are constantly sick, gain weight poorly, vilify, eat little, are inactive.
- Infection with cysts. A rare type of helminthiasis in broilers, it often has no symptoms. Infection with Davainea proglottina is dangerous, it occurs when chickens eat snails. This small parasite (4 mm.) Sticks to the mucous membranes of internal organs, causing their necrosis, and toxins from its vital activity can provoke paralysis in chickens.
- Prostogonymiosis (defeat by flukes by worms). Expressed in the weakness of birds, upset stool, cold extremities and the whole body, blue scallops.
External signs of worms in broilers are manifested:
- isolation from the pack, shabby and haggard;
- discoloration of the scallop;
- frequent diarrhea;
- noisy breathing and wheezing;
- overexcitement or complete apathy;
- scratching on the priest and body;
- slowdown in weight gain or a sharp drop in weight.