How much oil is in the tiller gearbox

What kind of oil is poured

Many people are interested in what kind of oil to fill in the tiller gearbox? To answer this question, you need to take into account several factors, the main of which is the manufacturer’s recommendation regarding the type of oil.

It is also necessary to be guided by the price, without buying very cheap liquids, because they are unlikely to be of proper quality.

No matter how reliable the native tracks of the snowmobile are, sooner or later, with the active operation of the machine, it becomes necessary to replace them. Here is everything about the tracks for a snowmobile from the Composite company.

much, tiller, gearbox

An indispensable tool in pest control is a garden sprayer. By clicking on the link you can familiarize yourself with the gasoline knapsack garden sprayer.

MAZ-5337 appeared in the second half of the eighties of the last century. MAZ-5337 is a versatile, powerful and very reliable truck.

In general, oils can be of various types:

  • SAE. These types of oils cope very well with sudden changes in temperature, so they can be used all year round.
  • The selection process is as follows: you need to look at the number that is in front of the letter W. a lower value will indicate that the oil is very well adapted to low temperatures (the smallest is 0W). If the letter W is not on the label, then this oil is suitable for the summer period.
  • API. In this case, the letters in the marking will indicate the type of engine. gasoline or diesel. Accordingly, a certain letter will say that the oil is suitable for gasoline units, and another for diesel.
  • The numbers will talk about the type of engine, i.e. number 4 means oil should be used for a 4-stroke engine, etc. The EC value is the degree to which energy is saved, i.e. the higher the value, the better the oil.
  • ASEA. The largest number in the labeling will indicate that the oil can function in very difficult conditions.
  • GOST 17479, 1-85. These indicators characterize the degree of viscosity of the oil. As a rule, after this parameter, alphabetic and numeric values ​​are written, and their absence indicates that the oil is universal.

How much to fill?

Another important point is the amount of oil required. Before answering the question. how much oil needs to be poured into the tiller gearbox, for example, Crossser, Viking, Forza, Sadko, Don, Huter, Profi, Plowman, Champion, Carver, you must first check the oil level in the gearbox. To do this, you need to perform certain actions:

  • It is necessary to place the tiller on a flat surface so that its wings are strictly parallel to this surface.
  • We take a wire or rod about 70 cm long, which will act as an oil dipstick.
  • We bend the improvised probe into an arc.
  • We insert the resulting probe into the filler hole to the very end, i.e. all the way. After that we take it back out.

Changing the Transmission Oil in a STANDARD BCS Tractor

If the wire is 30 cm in oil, then this is the optimal indicator, i.e. no need to add oil. If a little less, then it is necessary to top up within the given values.

If the gearbox is dry at all, then you will need at least two liters of transmission oil.

How to fill oil in a tiller gearbox

Before pouring new oil into the gearbox, the old fluid must be drained. It is in this way that the oil in the Tiller Salyut gearbox is changed, the video of which can be found on the Internet, as well as for other tiller models.

  • the tiller must be installed on some height so that the oil can be easily drained from the gearbox.
  • There are two plugs on the gearbox. a drain plug, which is located at the bottom of the gearbox, and a plug that closes the oil filling hole. We first unscrew the filler plug, which is located on top of the tiller body (at the checkpoint).
  • We take a sufficiently capacious container (an old bottle of transmission oil is suitable), after which we substitute it under the drain plug of the gearbox.
  • Gently unscrew the drain plug, after which the oil will begin to flow into our container. After waiting for the oil to drain completely, we screw the drain plug back. Then we tighten with a spanner wrench of a suitable diameter until it stops.
  • We insert the funnel into the filling hole. Then we take a suitable gear oil in order to fill the gearbox.
  • After filling the gearbox to the optimal level, we screw the plug back. This plug is equipped with a special dipstick, and its length is about 10 cm. After we have filled in the oil, we need to check its level. To do this, we twist this plug-probe, after which we unscrew it again and check.
  • If the oil is at the tip of this dipstick, then there is no need to top up any more.

As a rule, the oil change procedure should be performed every 100 hours of operation of the tiller. In some cases, this procedure must be performed every 50 hours.

In other words, the frequency of oil change depends on the model of the tiller, therefore, all the necessary information is in the accompanying documentation for the tiller.

Transmission oils for filling in gasoline and diesel tillers

As for the gearbox, transmission oils must be used to fill it. For example, semi-synthetic oil ZIC 10W40, designed for gasoline and diesel tillers, would be a good choice. API indicator. SM / CF, ACEA. A3 / B3, A3 / B4, C3.

Sold, as a rule, in a 4-liter container.

Another worthy oil is Super T-3 85W-90 from Gazpromneft. Its technical data will be as follows:

  • API indicator. GL-5;
  • viscosity grade. 85W90;
  • temperature indicator of loss of fluidity –.280C;
  • flash point. 2170C;
  • package length. 270 mm;
  • packing width. 130 mm;
  • packing height. 240 mm.

This gear oil is also available in a 4 liter container.

This is not the whole list of oils that can be poured into the tiller gearbox. In principle, any person who is familiar with the basic parameters of the oil can independently determine what is needed for his tiller.

Device

The reducer is a special device included in the design of any tiller. It is this part that is responsible for converting and transmitting the torque that is generated from mechanical transmissions. In fact, the gearbox drives the tiller, making it work.

The service life of the entire tiller, as well as its normal functioning, will depend on its quality, as well as on the correct lubrication of its components.

For more information on the reducer, see

Depending on the model of the tiller, be it a Cayman, Patriot Ural, Patriot, Texas, Foreman or any other, the gearboxes may differ in some design features. Conventionally, gearboxes can be divided into several types:

  • Angle reducers. Such units are quite effective, they allow you to dock the engine and transmission.
  • Gear reducers. In this case, the gearbox transmission acts as a kind of intermediary between the engine and the wheelbase of the tiller.
  • Reducing gears. These units achieve an increase in power indicators, reducing the total number of revolutions. Such gearboxes are the most preferable because they have an air cooling system in their design, allowing them to work at maximum loads.
  • Reverse gearboxes. The main advantage of such gearboxes is the ability to reverse the tiller. However, units equipped with this type of gearbox do not show high performance and speeds.
much, tiller, gearbox

Regardless of which gearbox is used in the tiller design, they all consist of almost the same components:

  • shaft;
  • gearbox housing;
  • flange and its fastening;
  • pulley with V-belt transmission (or chain);
  • ball bearing;
  • asterisks;
  • drain plug;
  • steel washer and nut;
  • input shaft.

These components traditionally form the gear unit itself. How well they are lubricated will affect their performance and service life.

Otherwise, with insufficient lubrication, the parts will wear out a lot, because they come into contact with each other during operation, and the resulting friction negatively affects their surface.

Changing the oil in the tiller: what and how much to fill in the gearbox

The presence of a tiller in a personal household can hardly surprise anyone, because this technical device has been known since Soviet times. Thanks to him, it became possible to quickly and high-quality cultivation of the soil, which used to take quite a long time, and also took a lot of effort.

However, in order for your tiller, as they say, to serve you faithfully, regularly plowing the land and performing its other functions, you need to use it in the correct way.

In particular, you need to know how much oil to fill in the tiller’s gearbox so that it works in optimal mode, and its parts are not erased from the lack of the necessary lubrication.

In principle, all the necessary information, as a rule, is indicated in the operating instructions for a specific tiller model, where the brands and grades of the recommended oils are directly indicated.

However, there are times when a tiller is purchased from the hands, or in another way, but the point is that such tillers are supplied mainly without any instructions.

A person may be at a loss, not knowing what kind of oil is poured into the tiller gearbox, so it will be useful for him to know about its main types, as well as the methods of pouring into the tiller.

Periodic oil change in the gearbox is extremely important not only because it is recommended by the manufacturer, but also for a variety of other reasons. In particular, during the operation of the tiller, foreign metal particles are formed in the oil that is in the gearbox.

They arise from friction and contact between the components of the tiller, which gradually crumble, and all this metal crumb gets into the oil. Thus, the oil begins to thicken, which leads to unstable operation of the tiller, and in the future, to the failure of the gearbox.

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That is why, timely oil change in the gearbox is a necessary preventive measure to avoid future repairs.

Indeed, it is much more logical to spend an amount within one thousand rubles on the purchase of transmission oil than to spend much more money for expensive repairs or a complete replacement of the gearbox.

Homemade tiller trailers, which you can make with your own hands, are very popular.

Frontier RC1060 Gear Box Oil Change

You may also be interested in the article about the snowmobile dingo t 150.

How much grease is required to be poured into the gearbox?

The question of the amount of transmission oil is quite fundamental. Before answering it, you will need to set the lubricant level. This is extremely easy to accomplish. Place the cultivator on a level platform with the wings parallel to it. Take a 70-centimeter wire. It will be used instead of the probe. Bend it into an arc, and then insert it all the way into the filler neck. Then remove back. Inspect the wire carefully: if it is 30 cm stained with grease, then the lubricant level is normal. When there is less than 30 cm of lubricant on it, it must be topped up. If the gearbox is completely dry, then 2 liters of lubricant will be needed.

Do I need to fill and change the oil in the air filter of the motor cultivator?

In the vast majority of situations, it is enough just to slightly saturate the air filter sponge with machine oil. However, air filters of certain modifications of tillers are in an oil bath. in such a situation, lubricant should be added to the level marked on the oil bath.

Oil change in the engine of the tiller “Neva

First of all, you need to find out if you need to change the lubricant? It is possible that its level is still sufficient for the effective functioning of the cultivator. If you still need to change the oil, place the cultivator on a leveled surface and clean the area around the plug (plug) of the dipstick for pouring lubricant into the motor. This plug is located on the bottom end of the motor.

How to set the oil level after changing? Quite simply: by means of a measuring probe (probe). To establish the oil level, it is necessary to wipe the dipstick dry, and then, without twisting the plugs, insert it into the oil filler neck. The oil imprint on the probe can be used to determine which spirit level it is at. On a note! The amount of lubricant in the motor should not overlap the limit mark in any way. If there is an excess of oil in the container, it will pour out. This will increase inappropriate lubricant costs and therefore operating costs.

Before inspecting the oil level, the engine must cool down. A recently functioning motor or gearbox will provide incorrect parameters for the amount of oil, and the level will be significantly higher than it actually is. When the components have cooled down, you can measure the level accurately.

What type of oil should be poured into the motor cultivator

There are many disputes about what kind of oil should be poured into the engine of a home motor-cultivator (tiller). Someone is sure that his views are correct, others deny them, but the only thing that can resolve such discussions is the manual for the unit, created by the manufacturer of the product. Any manufacturer in it prescribes a specific volume of oil to be poured, a method for measuring this volume, including the type of oil that can be used.

What all their positions have in common is that the lubricant should be designed specifically for the engine. Two types of oils can be distinguished. oils for 2-stroke engines and oils for 4-stroke engines. Both the one and the other samples are used for motor cultivators in accordance with which particular motor is mounted in the model. Most of the cultivators are equipped with 4-stroke motors, however, in order to establish the type of motor, you need to familiarize yourself with the manufacturer’s markings.

Both types of oils are divided into 2 types according to their structure. This aspect makes it possible to distinguish synthetic and semi-synthetic oils, or, as they are also called, mineral oils. There is a judgment that synthetics are more versatile and can be used regularly, but this is wrong.

The use of oils is distributed according to the seasonality of the operation of the cultivator. So, some modifications can be used in the winter season. Due to the thickening of natural elements that are susceptible to a drop in temperature, semi-synthetic lubricants cannot, along with mineral ones, be used in winter. However, the same oils are safely used in the summer season and thoroughly protect the equipment.

Thus, the lubricant is used not only as a lubricant for the components of the engine, but also serves as a medium that excellently restrains the soot produced during fuel combustion and metal particles that arise during component wear. It is for this reason that the lion’s share of oils has a thick, viscous structure. To find out what kind of oil is needed for your particular technique, carefully study the manual for the cultivator. The manufacturer specifies what kind of oil must be poured into the motor or gearbox, therefore it is recommended to follow these tips.

For example, for the Neva MB2 motor cultivator, the manufacturer recommends using TEP-15 transmission oil (-5 C to 35 C) GOST 23652-79, TM-5 (-5 C to 25 C) GOST 17479.2-85 according to SAE90 API GI.2 and SAE90 API GI-5 respectively.

How to replace the lubricant in the gearbox?

The procedure is as follows.

  • Before you start filling with new fluid, you need to drain the old.
  • Place the cultivator on a raised platform. This will make it easier for you to drain the lubricant.
  • You will find 2 plugs on the gearbox. One of the plugs is designed for draining, it is located at the bottom of the unit. The other closes the filler neck. The filler plug is turned out first.
  • Take any reservoir and place it directly under the oil drain plug.
  • Unscrew the oil drain plug carefully. The transmission oil will begin to drain into the container. Wait until absolutely all the oil has drained, after which you can screw the plug back into place. Tighten it to the limit with the spanner.
  • Insert a funnel into the filler neck. Take the appropriate lubricant.
  • Fill it up to the required level. Then replace the plug. Now you need to find out the level of the lubricant. Tighten the plug with the dipstick until the end. Then unscrew it again and inspect.
  • If there is lubricant at the tip of the probe, do not add any more.

The procedure for changing the transmission lubricant will depend on the modification of the tiller. But basically, replacement is done after every 100 hours of unit operation. In some episodes, more frequent replacement may be necessary: ​​after every 50 hours. If the cultivator is new, then the initial replacement of the lubricant after running in the tiller must be performed after 25-50 hours.

A systematic change of transmission oil is necessary not only because the manufacturer advises it, but also for a number of other circumstances. During the operation of the cultivator, foreign steel particles are formed in the lubricant. They are formed due to the friction of the components of the cultivator, which are gradually crushed. The oil eventually becomes thicker, resulting in unstable tiller operation. In some cases, the gearbox may fail. Filled with fresh lubricant prevents such unpleasant events and eliminates repairs. Replacing a lubricant is several times cheaper than purchasing and installing a new gearbox.

If you want your technical equipment to function for a long time and correctly, do not ignore the timely oil change. How to maintain and clean the oil filter of the motor cultivator Maintenance of the air filters of the tiller motor must be carried out according to the maintenance intervals indicated by the manufacturer or as needed, if the technical equipment is used in conditions of high dustiness. It is advisable to inspect the condition of the air filter every 5–8 hours of the tiller’s operation. After 20-30 hours of activity, the air filter needs to be cleaned (if it is damaged, change it).

How to change the oil in the “Neva” tiller?

  • What type of oil should be poured into the motor cultivator
  • Oil change in the engine of the tiller “Neva”
  • How much grease is required to be poured into the gearbox?
  • How to replace the lubricant in the gearbox?
  • Do I need to fill and change the oil in the air filter of the motor cultivator?
  • What lubricant to fill in the tiller air filter?

Any technical equipment has a complex design, where absolutely everything is interdependent. If you value your own equipment, dream that it will work as long as possible, then you must not only look after it, but also buy good-quality spare parts, fuel and oils. But if you start using low-quality oil, then in the future you will encounter a number of complications and the technique may need repairs. In this note, we will describe which oils (lubricants) are suitable for a particular unit and methods for changing oils in the tiller.

What lubricant to fill in the tiller air filter?

For such purposes, it is recommended to use the same lubricant that is located in the motor sump. According to the recognized standard, the engine oil for 4-stroke engines is used in the tiller engine as well as in the air filter.

In accordance with the season and ambient temperature, it is allowed to fill the engine with seasonal lubricants of the 5W-30, 10W-30, 15W-40 classes or all-weather engine oils with the most extensive temperature spectrum.

Some simple tips.

  • Never use additives or additives for oil.
  • The lubricant level must be checked when the cultivator is in a level position. You need to wait until the oil is completely drained into the pan.
  • If you decide to completely change the lubricant, drain it with a warm engine.
  • Dispose of the grease in such a way that it does not harm the environment, in other words, do not pour it onto the ground or throw it in the trash. For this, there are specialized collection points for used motor lubricant.

To learn how to change the oil in the “Neva” tiller, see the next video.

What kind of oil to pour into the tiller

In the maintenance of agricultural tools, it is important to choose the right accompanying and consumables. Particularly acute, in this sense, is the question: what kind of oil to pour into the tiller. The performance of the equipment, its service life and a number of other factors that relate to a specific brand of tiller depend on this choice. Some manufacturers clearly indicate in the technical documentation that comes with the device, the recommended brand and type of oil. However, such information is not always saved, and as a result, the user of the equipment is forced to follow the basic recommendations, ignoring the warnings of the manufacturer.

What oil is better to fill in a diesel tiller

In addition to the fact that oils are divided into synthetic and mineral oils, they are also divided according to the types of fuel that the engine burns. According to the API standard, there are three types of oils. for gasoline engines, for diesel engines, and universal, which are suitable for devices of both categories. The first category includes oils with two-letter markings. In this case, the first letter on the left must be S, the second can be any of the list (A, B, C, F, G, H, J). If the oil is intended for diesel engines, then the first letter on it will be different, namely C.

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Universal oils suitable for all types of engines are usually marked with a double marking, in which 2 types of devices are indicated at once through the sign /. For example, it can be SF / CC, or SG / CD.

As for a more detailed decoding of the markings, it is worth noting that the quality of all oils is determined precisely by the second symbol in the marking. The closer it is to the beginning of the Latin alphabet, the worse the quality of the oil. Thus, diesel oil with CC marking is slightly inferior in performance properties than engine oil with CD marking.

Comparative characteristics of oils

What kind of oil to pour into Tiller Neva

The peculiarity of Neva tillers lies in a wide variety of modifications of the model range due to the use of various engines, respectively, from different manufacturers. Therefore, before choosing an oil for a tiller, it is worthwhile to once again revise the instructions for the engine and check which oil is recommended by its manufacturer. Read about the features of the tiller models and technical characteristics in the corresponding articles. tiller Neva MB-2S-7.0, Neva MB-23S-9.0 Pro, as well as technical characteristics and device of motor cultivators. Neva MK-100, Neva MK-200.

What kind of oil to fill in the tiller gearbox

Despite the fact that the gearbox, like the engine, is actively working, they require completely different types of oils for lubrication. The inside of the gearbox is not filled with engine oil, but gear oil, which provides an excellent degree of lubrication of the moving parts. The amount of oil to be poured is also determined by the manufacturer, but not the engine, but the device as a whole, in this case it is the tiller.

What oil is better for pouring into a tiller engine

There is a lot of controversy about which oil should be poured into a home tiller engine. Those who consider their point of view to be correct, others refute it, but only one thing can resolve these disputes. the instructions for the device, created by the manufacturer of the equipment. Each of the manufacturers in it indicates the exact amount of oil to be poured, how this amount is measured, and even the type of oil that is used.

What all their points of view agree on is that the oil should be designed specifically for the engine. There are two types of oils. oils for two-stroke engines and oils for four-stroke engines. Both of these options are used for chillers, depending on which engine is installed in the model. Most Tillers have 4-stroke engines, but to determine the type of engine it is worth looking at its factory markings.

Both types of oils are divided into 2 types according to their composition. This criterion allows you to distinguish between semi-synthetic and synthetic oils, or, as they are also called, mineral oils. There is an opinion that synthetic oils are more versatile and can be used constantly, but this is not the case.

The use of oils is divided according to the seasonality of the use of the tiller. So, some models can be operated in the winter season, and due to the thickening of natural components that are sensitive to temperature drop, semisynthetic oils cannot be used like mineral oils in winter. But the same oils are successfully used in the summer and reliably protect equipment.

So, oil is used not only as a lubricating agent for engine components, but also as a medium that effectively retains soot generated during fuel combustion and metal fractions that appear during parts abrasion. This is why most oils have a thick, viscous texture.

Oil mining drained from the tiller

What kind of oil to fill in a Subaru tiller

One of the most popular models of Subaru engines installed in Tilleri is the Robin Subaru model. This engine is quite sensitive to the quality of the oil used, so the manufacturer recommends # 20, # 30, and SAE 10W-30 automotive oil for it. Recommended oil grade is SE or higher. In this case, the quality of the oil should be no worse than SG. Therefore, once again, asking the question: what kind of oil to pour into the Subaru tiller, ideally, you should give preference to oil marked SJ or SH in case of its absence.

How much oil to fill in the tiller gearbox?

If you have a question about the amount of oil to be poured in, you should follow a simple algorithm:

  • the tiller should stand on a flat surface with wings parallel to the ground;
  • A wire with a length of 70 centimeters can act as an oil dipstick;
  • When bent, the wire should resemble an arc in shape;
  • The wire is pushed into the tank to the bottom to control the oil level.

If the lubricant is 30 centimeters of wire, no more top up. If it is dry, you need to fill in at least two liters of grease.

TroyBuilt Bronco Tiller Gear Oil Level

Tiller oil change algorithm

Before using a new lubricant, it is important to clean the gearbox of the used compound.

Change the lubricant immediately after using the equipment, before the oil has cooled down. You can quickly change the oil with your own hands according to the following scheme:

  • the tiller is installed horizontally;
  • Two plugs are installed. Through one, the already used composition is drained, the second is used to fill in new oil;
  • The lubricant filling cap is unscrewed. A wide container is installed under the drain hole;
  • The drain cover is unscrewed until all the used oil flows out;
  • The drain cover is screwed up to the stop with a spanner wrench;
  • The funnel is inserted into the filling hole and new oil of the appropriate grade and temperature is added;
  • The lid is screwed on. With a special probe, you can check the amount of the poured product.

For details on the specifics of the replacement procedure, see the introductory video.

If the equipment is operated under normal conditions, the oil in the gearbox is changed once every hundred hours of operation of the tiller. When working around the clock, replacement is done every fifty hours. In this way, various breakdowns of agricultural machinery can be prevented.

Features of the tiller reducer device

In each unit of the tiller, the design includes certain details. They differ slightly in different types of gearboxes.

In detail, the mechanism consists of the following parts:

  • covers and pulleys;
  • forks and shift axles;
  • bearings;
  • control and shift lever;
  • bushings on the input shaft;
  • shaft block;
  • intermediate shaft gears;
  • washers and oil seals;
  • double-row chain;
  • left and right semiaxis;
  • double asterisks;
  • asterisk block;
  • clutches;
  • input shaft;
  • bracket and springs;
  • clutch forks.

You can take a closer look at the structure of this node in the diagram. The tiller gearbox is arranged quite difficult, but following the diagram, you can easily cope with its dismantling and reassembly.

The following steps are taken:

  • The reducer is completely removable;
  • The screws are loosened, the protection covers are removed;
  • The input shaft sleeve is removed very carefully, the fork and lever are dismantled;
  • The input shaft is removed together with the gear;
  • The shaft sleeve and chain are removed;
  • The shaft block is dismantled together with the sprockets;
  • The intermediate shaft is removed together with the gears;
  • The clutch on the left and right axle shafts is removed.

After all these steps, you can get the gearbox disassembled. At the end of the repair, it is reassembled.

Tiller reducer

The gearbox is one of the most essential nodal systems in the tiller. With its help, the torque is transferred from the motor to the wheels through a V-belt transmission. Also, the gearbox controls the speed change and the movement of equipment.

What kind of oil to fill in the tiller gearbox?

How well and durable the tiller gearbox will serve depends directly on the quality and characteristics of the oil.

When purchasing a lubricant, it is worth considering the advice of the tiller manufacturers. It is also worth paying attention to the price of oil. Cheap tools do not guarantee a good functioning of the gearbox.

It is worth noting the following types of oils for marking on the market:

  • SAE. An excellent composition for work with frequent temperature drops. A number is indicated in front of the letter W. this is an indicator of the minimum temperature at which the lubricant is poured;
  • ASEA. The most popular universal products. The number depends on the conditions in which the equipment can work;
  • API. They are in the highest demand. Serve as a good lubricant, regardless of the type of gearbox and conditions of use of equipment.

Before using a particular oil, it is worthwhile to read the instructions of the tiller manufacturers.

Mark Tiller Tiller gear oil type
Neva MB-2 Transmission oil TEP-15 (-5 ° C to 35 ° C) GOST 23652-79, TM-5 (-5 ° C to 25 ° C) GOST 17479.2-85 according to the international viscosity classification system SAE90 API GI- 2 and SAE90 API GI-5, respectively. Filling volume 2.2 liters
Neva MB-1 Transmission oil in accordance with GOST 23652-79 (TAD-17I, TAP-15V, etc.).
MKM-3 Mobile-K (lander) TAD. 1711 GOST 23652-79. Can be filled with SAE 90, SAE 75W / 90 according to API GL-4, GL-5 classification. Refueling 1 liter
Salute 5
Salute 100
TM 5-18 (TAD17I)
Belarus 08N-09N In summer (above 5 ° C) Motor oils: M-10V2 or M-10G2 GOST 8581 (duplicate. Motor oil M-bz / 10V GOST 10541)
In winter (below 5 ° C) Motor oil M-8G2, GOST 8581 (replacement with M-4z / 6V1 GOST 10541 is possible)
MTZ.05 M-8B1, M-8V1, M-8G1, according to GOST 10541-78
Cascade MB6
Cascade MB6-62
Transmission oil in accordance with GOST 23652-79
Transmission oil GOST 23652-79 or aircraft type MS-20 GOST 23652-79
Ugra NMB-1 ТСn-10 GOST 23652-79 or another type that corresponds to SAE: 80. 85W API: GL3. GL4
Oka MB-1D1 (2) M Transmission oil TAD-17I, TAP-15V and others in accordance with GOST 23652-79
Celina MB From the factory in the tiller gear oil
“RAVENOL” EXP SAE 80W-90 API GL-5 Can be filled with SAE 90 GL-5 gear oils
Tarpan Transmission oil TAD-17I or analogs of the SAE 90 SAE 75W / 90 category API GL-4, GL-5.
Favorite MB. 3, MB. 4, MB. 5 TAD-17i or MS-20
Agate TAD-17I; MS-20
Motor Sich Lubricating oil TAD17I, Tap-15V, TEP-15, TSp-15K, TSl-14 in accordance with GOST 23652
Vario Oil 80W90
Patriot garden Oil 85W90
Zubr Oil TAP 15

What are the tiller gearboxes. varieties and purpose

The tiller design is quite diverse. Modern units are equipped with the following types of gearboxes:

  • angular gearbox for tiller. It is the connecting piece between the engine and transmission. Such a mechanism is distinguished by good characteristics and availability, therefore it is actively used by farmers of small and large land. The corner model can be modified, making it much more productive;

  • reduction gear for tiller. With the help of this type, the engine load is increased and its speed decreases. These gearboxes are among the most reliable and multi-tasking ones, as they consist of durable steel parts and a high-quality cooling system. This technique is highly efficient regardless of workload;

  • reverse gear. This type of reverse rotation is the presence of reverse. The mechanism is installed between the bevel gears, namely on the main shaft. But the gearbox cannot boast of high performance, it has a low speed;
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  • gear reducer. This mechanism is installed on heavy tiller models. With its help, torque is transmitted to the wheels of equipment. The gearbox is highly reliable and has a simple design. But maintaining such a mechanism is extremely difficult;
  • worm. This is a gearbox with a special screw, there is also a gear worm wheel. All used spare parts are high-strength, the equipment is efficient and durable. A gearbox of this type is very relevant due to the presence of an angular speed of a reduced type and a torque of the highest type. Even a homemade gearbox will allow the machinery to operate with little noise and a smooth ride. Before using it is worth paying attention to the gear ratios.

Each type of gearbox has its own distinctive characteristics. You should pay attention to them during the selection and installation of the mechanism.

How to replace oil seals on a tiller?

If there is an oil leak, the oil seal needs to be replaced. The algorithm for replacing this element is performed according to the following scheme:

  • Cutters are removed from the shaft, dirt and oil residues are completely cleaned;
  • The screws are loosened on the cover that protects the gearbox. The tightly fitting lid is tapped with a hammer;
  • The worn-out oil seal is pulled out and the place under it is carefully wiped;
  • At the edges, the new oil seal is sealed with a sealed agent. The part is installed and the cover is screwed on.

Disassembling and replacing the oil seal takes a minimum of time. Therefore, before using the tiller, you need to make sure that the sealant used is completely dry.

The above recommendations and algorithms are suitable for the following brands of equipment: Neva MB-1 and MB-2, Cascade, Farmer, Oka. Therefore, you can independently perform simple steps to change oil and oil seals.

Main characteristics

The Cascade model is based on 4 main components: the power plant, gearbox, chassis and controls. the tiller can be equipped with different types of engines: the South American Briggs Stratton unit, the Japanese Honda engine, the DM-66 and DM-68 units assembled in our country, and the principles of the units. Differences in engines are the main distinguishing parameters of modifications in this family.

The undercarriage includes a frame with drive units and wheels installed on its surface. One of the advantages of the Cascade line is the ability to configure the wheel spacing. the tiller can be equipped with heavy metal or pneumatic wheels. The design of the equipment provides for a special iron stop, which makes its storage in the room very comfortable. It also allows you to support the device if you need to stop during work.

The equipment box is quite reliable. Its main function is to transfer torque from the motor to the wheels. She also participates in ensuring the turn and adjusting the speed of the tiller. The main components of the box are a chain reducer, clutch and 4-speed gearbox. They are installed separately or in a single block. the tiller has 3.5 reverse and 5 front gears, which provides perfect conditions for maneuvering. The reducer installed on the Cascade is reinforced. Its output shaft is located on bearings with a huge cross-section, for this reason, the stability of the accountant (software) increases to shock and various vibrations. The design of the device provides for a special belt drive, which activates what remains for our client to do the existing attachment equipment.

The system is controlled by using the clutch handle, steering wheel, gear traction, stopping (turning on) the motor, power regulator and control of the air carburetor flap. It is important to note that the tiller’s steering wheel is height adjustable, and the center of mass is located rather low. This ensures ease and maneuverability when working. Convenience is also supported by the fact that our client is left with the controls, in addition to the gearshift lever, are located on the steering wheel. Attached equipment is firmly installed using “steel pins”. When working with the “Cascade”, the ideal are cutters, a cart, a tiller, a mower, a flat cutter and a feed crusher.

Running in

The durability and reliability of the device will largely depend on the correct start-up and the first hours of operation. Before real loading, the tiller must be run in so that the main working surfaces of the parts are worn in. For this model, the process time is usually 30-35 hours. At the time of the running-in, the following actions should be done:

  • keep the oil level in the engine under control every 5-7 hours of operation;
  • change the oil in the unit after the starting 5 hours of operation;
  • do not load an unheated motor. Warm up at medium speed for a period of 3-5 minutes (no load);
  • during running-in, use the tiller only at first speed and medium speed. Long work at low and highest speeds is not allowed;
  • after 30-35 hours of operation, the run-in ends. At the final step, check the tightening of the bolt assemblies and change the oil in the motor.

How much oil is in the tiller cascade gearbox

Many people ask themselves how much oil is needed in a tiller gearbox? What kind of oil to pour into the tiller gearbox?

Let’s try to answer these questions. According to a representative of the Operational Repair Department (ERO) of the manufacturer, checking the oil level in the gearbox of MB-1 class tillers, such as Oka, Neva, Kaskad, Luch and the like, boils down to the following:

  • We install the tiller on a flat plane (that is, the wings of the tiller should be parallel to the surface, while the gearbox itself is in a working, inclined position)
  • We find a suitable clean wire, a twig 50-70 cm long, or something else that can serve as an impromptu probe.
  • We bend it a little into an arc.
  • We insert the wire probe into the filler hole of the tiller gearbox and push it all the way (all the way) along the gearbox body, that is, to the very bottom.
  • We take out the wire.

The wire should be about 25-30 cm in oil, in other words, the oil level in the gearbox installed on the tiller (that is, in the working position) should be approximately at the level of the second bolt from the bottom, the middle bolt (position 10 in the diagram here). which secures the block of sprockets number two of the gearbox (position 9 in the diagram here).

Absolutely dry oil reducer requires 2 liters, when changing oil 1.5 liters, oil change in the tiller reducer is required every 50 hours of operation.

Oils recommended by the manufacturer: transmission oils TAD-17I, TAP-15V or others in accordance with GOST 23652-79, mixing of these oils is allowed in any proportions.

Tiller Cascade is one of the most widespread in our country. The developers have implemented there the main properties required for this class of equipment: reliability and versatility. The device is capable of doing different tasks, and with all this it has easy control and ergonomic design. Several different modifications allow the consumer to choose the best option here. This model is made at the Perm enterprise “Reductor” and is distinguished by the highest build quality. the tiller meets the requirements of the ISO 9002 standard.

The cascade allows you to automate a huge number of tasks in this area. By means of it there is an option to clear the area of ​​foliage, as it is also called snow, to dig up and loosen the soil, prepare hay, mow the grass, huddle, grind construction waste and deliver a rather heavy load to a suitable point.

Changing the oil in the tiller oka gearbox.

A feature of the device is the adjustable control column. When processing vegetable and garden plots, this is what the game slots have in principle. During many hours of work, the operator usually gets very tired, regardless of the tiller’s movement pattern. Awkward handlebar placement without the ability to make additional adjustments makes noticeable adjustments to the speed and quality of work, contributing to more lethargic operator. Thanks to the adjustable control column, the cascade can be easily adjusted to the most varied characteristics and anatomical characteristics, which ensures maximum comfort of use. Another fundamental point is the removal of more suitable parts of the tiller’s control in the area of ​​the steering wheel. This allows the vehicle to simply change direction and maneuver, while maintaining control of operation at arm’s length.

Like other tillers, the Cascade family works with a huge list of additional equipment. Among the more necessary types of attachment equipment are:

  • hiller;
  • motoblock shovel;
  • different cutters;
  • trolley trailer;
  • digger.

Attachment of the attachment to the tiller is carried out by means of special “metal fingers”, which provide good reliability and firmness of the hitch.

Also, the Cascade works with certain types of drive equipment, among which there are:

  • rotary snow blower;
  • water pump;
  • mowing machine;
  • mechanical potato planter.

Here the force is supplied from the power plant. The drive equipment is installed in front of the tiller and operates by means of an additional belt drive.

Operation and maintenance

The upcoming maintenance of equipment in good working order will consist of light technical maintenance, including:

  • cleaning and adjusting the ignition allowing to keep accounting (software) when the fuel is produced approximately 40-50 liters;
  • monitoring the operation of the gearbox;
  • control of the oil level in the unit and elimination of leaks;
  • compliance with the established requirements for loading the motor and preventing overheating of the power plant.

Cascade is a modern Russian tiller that can compete with Chinese and European manufacturers in terms of technical features.

Checking the oil level of the Tiller MB-1 gearbox, Oka, Neva, Cascade, Luch

Many people ask themselves how much oil is needed in a tiller gearbox? What kind of oil to pour into the tiller gearbox?

Let’s try to answer these questions. According to a representative of the Operational Repair Department (ERO) of the manufacturer, checking the oil level in the gearbox of MB-1 class tillers, such as Oka, Neva, Kaskad, Luch and the like, boils down to the following:

  • We install the tiller on a flat plane (that is, the wings of the tiller should be parallel to the surface, while the gearbox itself is in a working, inclined position)
  • We find a suitable clean wire, a twig 50-70 cm long, or something else that can serve as an impromptu probe.
  • We bend it a little into an arc.
  • We insert the wire probe into the filler hole of the tiller gearbox and push it all the way (all the way) along the gearbox body, that is, to the very bottom.
  • We take out the wire.

The wire should be about 25-30 cm in oil, in other words, the oil level in the gearbox installed on the tiller (that is, in the working position) should be approximately at the level of the second bolt from the bottom, the middle bolt (position 10 in the diagram here). which secures the block of sprockets number two of the gearbox (position 9 in the diagram here).

Absolutely dry oil reducer requires 2 liters, when changing oil 1.5 liters, oil change in the tiller reducer is required every 50 hours of operation.

Oils recommended by the manufacturer: transmission oils TAD-17I, TAP-15V or others in accordance with GOST 23652-79, mixing of these oils is allowed in any proportions.