How much oil is needed in a mower. The proportions of the fuel mixture
How to dilute gasoline with oil for refueling
Some types of motor oil are designed for four.Stroke power units, while others are designed for two.Stroke. They are not interchangeable, and they should be poured in accordance with the purpose, because various requirements are imposed on the lubricants for engines with different working cycle. So, oil for four.Stroke engines, where a forced lubrication system is used, is designed for prolonged exposure and is designed to provide a more stable coating of parts. In 2-clock engines-the oil comes with the fuel and should instantly dissolve in it, freely burning with a minimum of sediments in the form of soot and ash. Therefore, a characteristic feature of 2 strokes is their good cleaning and the minimum content of aggressive additives. They, unlike 4-stroke fluid, do not contain ash, anti-zadir and anti-ine additives, which allows them to burn almost completely with fuel without the formation of soil and toxicity of the exhaust.
A feature of oils for four-stroke engines is the content of many metal-organic additives that are aimed at improving their physico-mechanical properties and increasing the efficiency of action. And if you pour such a mixture into the engine with a working cycle for two tacts, this will lead to the formation of ash deposits on the surface of the piston and the walls of the combustion chamber. The increased accumulation of deposits, in turn, can provoke the appearance of various troubles, which can be eliminated only by making a complex and expensive repair of the motor block motor. A lot of harm is caused by soot, which clogs the air filter and settles in the grooves of the piston rings, if you use the inappropriate oil product. The accumulation of soot is fraught with the loss of the mobility of the rings, and this is a direct path to reducing the power of the engine of the walk.Behind tractor, the deterioration of its operation, and even the complete failure.
Preparation of the correct fuel mixture
Before starting to run into a new engine, a benzokos, it is also necessary to prepare the fuel mixture correctly. As you know for two.Stroke engines, it is prepared from special two.Stroke oil and gasoline, taken in certain ratios. You can find out proportions from the instructions attached to the tool, or on the labeling label. From the instructions you will also learn the recommended type of fuel, as well as the recommended type of motor oil.
Cook fuel in small quantities sufficient for one mowing grass. Use special canists made of plastic for fuel, or a separate glass or metal dishes. It is best to type oil with a medical syringe.
Having gathered to run into a new gas station, many are faced with the problem in the preparation of the fuel mixture. And the reason for this is the disagreement in the instructions of the tool manufacturer and in the instructions of the manufacturer of motor oils. The first recommend a 1:25 proportion. The latter recommend 1:50. Who to believe? How to proceed?
According to experts, if in the instructions for a motorcycle, manufacturers write a proportion of 1:25 or 1:30, then it is most likely a cheap tool with poor cooling, or the manufacturer does not know what kind of oil will be added to the consumer. But here it must be understood that the excess of lubricant does not affect the performance of the trimmer in the best way. Excess oil does not completely burn out when operating the engine. It cokes, clogs a cylinder and piston.
What to do in this situation when running in a new tool? An ideal option would be to purchase exactly the oil that the manufacturer of the benzocouses recommends. In the case of run.In engines, when it is not possible to purchase the recommended oil, it is best to purchase a good Husqvarna two.Stroke oil for the same gas tool. It costs not cheap, but there is enough it for a long time. It is necessary to interfere with it as it is written in the instructions on the bank.
Remember, it is best to use the proportion that the oil manufacturer gives. But is that proportion that is written on a spit is better to find out by experiment. If, with the proportion recommended by the manufacturer, the engine snaps with oil and the sinks are visible on it, then the proportion must be increased.
We deal with the choice of gasoline for the AI-92 or AI-95 benzos
How many people, so many opinions, which applies not only to the choice of oil for a trimmer, but also gasoline. Similarly, in order not to make a mistake with the choice, it is recommended to use gasoline of the brand that the manufacturer recommends (indicated in the manual to the tool). However, not everything is so simple here, since at each gas station of the gasoline brand they are only called the same, but have a completely different composition. It is required to figure it out, and come to a single conclusion about which brand it is better to pour gasoline into a two.Stroke engine for your trimmer.
Manufacturers recommend using A-92 gasoline for their technique, and some models require the use of the A-95 brand that do not contain ethyl alcohol. It is not recommended to use gasoline of the AI-90 brand and below, as they will entail the Rapid wear of engine parts. Buying gasoline of one brand, one cannot be 100% sure that it is true. The result is the following picture:
- The manufacturer recommends pouring fuel into the trimmer of the AI-92 brand
- The summer resident uses only gasoline of this brand, but buys it at gas stations, where the price is lower or where you have to
- This negatively affects the internal details of the motor, since at one gas station it is really high-quality AI-92 gasoline, and at the second, at best, if it is AI-80, not AI-76
As a result, the engine suffers, and after a couple of years of operation of a new trimmer, it is necessary. In order not to analyze the quality of fuel or buy only expensive gasoline, it is recommended to refuel only at one gas station. At gas stations, gasoline is poured only into metal canists, not plastic.
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There are manufacturers that produce special cleaned fuel for two.Stroke engines. If this option is selected, then you will not need to choose the best gas station, a brand of gasoline and control its storage periods.
Conclusion on the choice of gasoline for a trimmer! In trimmer, you need to pour gasoline of the brand that is recommended by the manufacturer. If you pour A-95 gasoline into a trimmer tank, instead of A-92 (which is recommended by the manufacturer), then the engine will warm up and work unstable. It is also better to choose gasoline A-92 ECTO, which has improved characteristics in terms of environmental friendliness.
What kind of oil to fill
When choosing a lubricant, the main factors are taken into account:
- Ensuring engine cooling, protection against thermal blow;
- Work at large speeds and at high loads;
- Corrosion resistance during downtime mowing in the winter;
- Lack of carbon and sulfate ash, minute;
- Environmental friendliness;
- Good soluble in gasoline;
- The duration of storage of the prepared lubricant.
The oil in the lawn mower must comply with the requirements of biological decomposition, all.Season and efficiency.
For 2-stroke engines, refueling is required by the mixture in the oil ratio recommended by the manufacturer to gasoline. For four.Stroke engines, mixing is not carried out, the ingredients are poured separately into different containers. Lubrication occurs using oil tubes, pump, filter and valves.
To obtain a lubricant, such types of oils are used that are most suitable for 2-tact units:
The composition of the liquid includes 5-15% of different additives designed to increase the efficiency of use, slowing down corrosion and stabilize viscosity.
Lawn mowers with 4-stroke engines require the use of simple car liquid, such as SAE30 or 10W40 with suitable technical and operational properties. An important characteristic of oil for lawn mowers with a 4.Stroke engine is the invariability of the composition for a long time. Almost all brands of cars are suitable for sf. Frost.Resistant fluid is poured for operation in the winter. In the table you can find the desired oil class, which is better to pour mowers with a 4-tact engine in a tacture for work under certain temperature conditions. For example, ALKO mineral motor oil or ZMD-4-M CBM SAE30 can be used at a temperature of.5 C ° to 35 ° C, and semi-synthetic Mannol 4-Takt Plus 10W-40 SL with a temperature range from.25 ° C to ° C to 40 C ° is suitable for all.Season use.
Motokos oil. How to choose in what proportions to breed
Many of you have a benzo tool in the household, for example, in a private house you can not do without a chainsaw. You understand, the harvesting of firewood for the winter is useful at a construction site and repair and in general, this is a very necessary tool. If the country house also has a decent area in size, then to combat grass just needs a trimmer or motorcycle, which also work on gasoline.
Of course, they can be bought and electric, but not everyone likes to pull a 30-meter extension cord to dig an area overgrown with grass knee-deep. Therefore, most people prefer to work as a gasoline tool. As you know, you need to add special oil for two.Stroke engines to gasoline. We’ll talk about it, because this is a very important aspect, if you do not add oil and add in the wrong proportions, then your engine will quickly “grunt” and your path will lie to the service center. To avoid all these troubles, add only high.Quality oil and in the correct proportions.
The most popular for chainsaws, motorcycle and trimmers is the products of the famous company STIHL. It is sold in 2 packages. 1 liter and 100ml. For those who work hard, a liter bottle is suitable, and a small bottle is enough to “drink” at a time. A capacity of 1 liter costs 250 rubles, and for 10 ml. 60 rubles. If you take a large one, then the savings are obvious.
Oil is added to gasoline in a proportion of 1 to 50, that is, for example, add 100 ml per 5 liters of gasoline. As you can see, a small bottle is great for 5 liters of a mixture of gasoline for refueling a chainsaw or trimmer. On a large bottle on the side there are special marks by which you can determine how much oil was poured out of the bottle. If you bought a large 1 liter bottle, then buy a 20ml syringe in a pharmacy. Very convenient. 1 oil syringe per 1 liter of gasoline.
Experts advise using branded oil for their technology, it is perfect, since it is developed and tested precisely on the instruments of calm. I note that Stiel has its own brands, such as VIKING (popular models of gasoline trimmers). For them, also use Stilevsky oil and there will be no problems at all.
If you have made a gasoline mixture more than you can use it, then it is best to store the remains in a metal canister or in a glass container. In no case do not store the mixture in a plastic bottle. Of course, if you consume the remains after a couple of days, then you can pour the remnants of the mixture in a plastic one and a half, however, if the mixture is stored for a long time, then either a canister or a glassotter. The thing is that the gas mixture corrodes the plastic bottle, microscopic plastic precipitation appears in the mixture and this is very bad for the engine. Keep this in mind if you want your tool to work for a long time and without problems.
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The second most popular brand of oil is a non.Bonding hokesworm. Of course, if you estimate it, after all, STIHL chainsaws use more people, at least all my friends and their friends use only them in their work.
However, there are those who do not have souls in the Husqvarna tool and I understand them, since I personally do not see much difference between Khuskvarnaya and Shtil, and one and the other tool is very high quality. But I saw satisfied owners of Husqvarna chainsaws. They say, saws are just super. I myself did not saw, however, I always listen to the opinion of people. So, if you have a gas.Based gas tool, then it will be better for him to use special branded oil. Although nothing terrible will happen if you dilute the gasoline with a signs. But since the manufacturer recommends using only its products, we will do so.
On sale you can find liter containers. Black stylish bottle, the same marks on the side, and with a person (to know how much oil was cast from a bottle). As for me, absolutely identical quality. There is such a bottle of 270 rubles, a bit more expensive.
Both that and other oil are high.Quality, the cost is approximately the same, each is diluted in a proportion of 1 to 50. So feel free to buy anyone, of course, it is better to take the oil of the brand you have a tool. Then everything will be perfect, as the manufacturer advises. Good sawing, spinning grass and let your benzo.Tool work for a long time without breakdowns.
Features of the gas station
In order for the mixture to be correctly distributed in the fuel system of the device, you must follow a simple instructions. How to correct the gasoline trimmer:
- Put the motorcycle on the horizontal surface so that the neck of the tank is located on top and pour the required amount of the mixture;
- Do not pour too much into the trimmer. Watch how much fuel is in the upper level;
- Do not spill fuel on the ground and on the body of the tool;
- Before starting the engine, provide a safe distance to containers with combustible;
- If there was an old fuel in the tank, then before refueling a new one must completely empty the gas tank.
Two.Stroke engine refueling
To refuel gasoline trimmers of this type, it is necessary to follow the already described instructions. It is necessary to strictly withstand the oil ratio and prevent spilling on the tool body. Make sure that the gas tank does not overwhelm, since in this case the motor will work unstable.
Motokos refueling with a four.Stroke engine
The main difference is that trimmers with this type of engine are not seasoned with a mixture of oil. It is necessary to separately fill in AI-92 and separately motor oil. General rules for filling the tank are similar to those that have already been described above.
Requirements for the combustible mixture for a two.Stroke engine
The difference between a two.Stroke engine in its increased power compared to a four.Stroke. The combustible mixture for it is prepared in a certain ratio of gasoline and special oil. What is the ratio of oil and gasoline for benzocos is optimal, it is written in the instructions. Recommended proportions must be observed accurately. When adding additives, the manufacturer took into account the type of engine. Therefore, it is prohibited to mix various oils.
Using mineral oils, mixing occurs in a proportion of 1:25, 1:30, 1:35. For synthetic oils, a proportion is used 1:50 or 1:80. This means that in each of the proposed mixtures the right amount of oil is dissolved in the volume of gasoline. You can mix gasoline with oil for gas troops like water with syrup. It is necessary to pour gasoline, add the exact amount of oil and shake the mixture. It is advisable to use a fresh solution for work. When storing more than 2 weeks, the composition changes, and the oil film will cause malfunctioning of the carburetor.
For breeding and storing the combustible mixture, you cannot use PET bottles. Gasoline destroys plastic, polymer dissolves in a combustible mixture and further worsens the quality of fuel, a danger of the appearance of stray currents is created.
The fundamental differences of internal combustion systems for the user
Which the combustion system is more effective, 2 or 4 stroke? How to figure out the user and purchase the best mechanism? Gasoline trimmers and motorcycle with 4.Stroke engine is not found on sale. The two.Stroke is much easier and therefore the trimmer weighs a little and a woman can control him. But there are two.Stroke engines and on four.Wheelbreaks. Other differences:
- Different way to use lubrication;
- Environmental friendliness is higher in 4 strokes, it is also less noisy;
- Easier in repair and maintenance 2 stroke engine;
- Motor resource has more than 4 strokes, but they are more difficult to service due to oil replacement in a lawn mower;
- Two.Stroke engines are easier and cheaper.
The 2.Stroke engine used in the lawn mower is inferior in many technological indicators 4 to the same. With separate supply of gasoline and oil in terms of economy and other indicators, it is preferable for light technology. In addition, separate fuel supply saves consumption of an expensive component 4 times.
In the photo, the state of the engine that has worked without replacing the oil for a long time.
Two Stoke Fuel Mixture Measuring Container
The four.Stroke engine has a complex lubrication system, and even more so it is necessary to use methods of cleaning the circulating liquid. A filter is installed in the oil system that prevents the pipe and pump pumps and other inclusions. As they become contaminated, this part is replaced.
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The manufacturer in the operating instructions gives a schedule for maintenance of mechanisms and the procedure for the work of work. The efficiency of lubrication decreases after 50 hours of operation of the mechanism. Therefore, oil replacement is required. In domestic use for the season, this time of use of the device will not be gained, and to clean the filter, oil change is necessary when preserving. Before changing the oil in the lawn mower, it is necessary to increase fluidity of the liquids, start the engine and let the system warm up.
You need to unscrew the plug for filling the oil into the tank and use the device for the selection of fluid under the vacuum.
To do this, make a nozzle and pump out the development into a prepared capacity. But at the same time, a small part, up to 100 ml will still remain in the crankcase and drains from the filter. You need to get rid of this residue, draining the liquid for about 5 minutes through the hole. Simultaneously in the system, change or rinse the filter. After pour new grease, controlling the level of the probe. Usually, motors oil is packed into opaque black plastic so that it does not decompose in the light. The required volume is 500-600 ml.
Oil replacement in a lawn mower. Video
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I have an American lawn mower for years for 15 serves faithful and truth. The engine is almost like new, only the oil was flooded after the factory.
Thank you for the article! I have a 4-stroke lawn mower. Despite the high price, I buy for it Rasenmher-Oil 30 mineral oil from Liqui Moly on a vegetable basis. It does not change the viscosity during the period of operation, has good detergents, as well as thanks to the additives of the additives that are part of this oil, reduces engine wear.