How much oil is needed in a tiller
What kind of oil to pour into the tiller
As a rule, in the instructions for motor vehicles, the manufacturer indicates which brand of engine oil and in what volume it is better to use. If there are no such recommendations, the agent is chosen according to the following characteristics:
The SAE parameter indicates the viscosity grade of the substance and consists of an alphanumeric abbreviation, where the letter “W” indicates the possibility of use at low temperatures. The number in front of it indicates the viscosity at negative values of the thermometer, and the numbers after the “dash”. at positive values. These indicators characterize how easy the liquid will be pumped through the system, and how quickly it will reach the surfaces of rubbing parts, preventing them from dry friction.
The API parameter divides the lubricant into categories C and S in terms of performance. Category C includes products intended for four-stroke diesel engines, which are air-cooled, and category S for gasoline engines. Therefore, when choosing a fluid, you should definitely pay attention to this marking, since for a diesel and carburetor engine it has a different composition.
The ACEA parameter classifies the oil in terms of HT (viscosity at elevated temperatures) / HS (shear rate), which indicates how energy-efficient the lubricant is. The higher this value, the better it protects engine components from wear. It is recommended to pour a substance with a high mPas index into a tractor, a mini-tractor, as well as heavy Tileries Neva, designed for heavy loads.
Below are the types of machine lubrication that are the most optimal for a cultivator or tiller in terms of their characteristics. Of course, they can be used if there are no special recommendations from the equipment manufacturer, and in accordance with the S and C markings. So, these are oils:
- 5w30, 5w40. all-season, which can be poured into motor vehicles at an ambient temperature of at least 25 ° C;
- 10w30, 10w40. with anti-corrosion properties;
- 15w40, 20w40. designed for filling into the engine at a temperature of 45 ° C and above;
- 0w30, 0w40. created for winter use;
- MIL-L. designed for military vehicles and can be used on tillers with diesel (code 2104) and carburetor (code 46152) types.
Double-marked grease (SG / CD, SF / CC) can be poured into any motors: it is universal and equally suitable for both diesel and gasoline-powered engines (like, for example, a Texas cultivator). Among the variety of lubricating products, the most popular is the product produced under the brands Mobil, Castrol, ZIC, Shell Helix. To improve the action and improve the quality, additives are added to it. Oil Additiv, BIZOL, Cera Tec and others. They can be used at ambient temperatures from 25 ° C to 25 ° C.
How to change the oil
In order for motor vehicles to function smoothly and serve for a long time, it is necessary to periodically replace the lubricant in the gearbox and engine. The first time this is done after running-in, and then after every 50-100 hours of operation of motor vehicles (with intense loads, it will be necessary to “fill in” even more often), unless otherwise indicated by the manufacturer.
Changing the oil in the gearbox
Any gear oil is used to lubricate the gearbox, for example, TAD-17, TAP-15V or with other markings in accordance with GOST 23652-79. Before filling it, check for the presence of old fluid. If necessary, it must be changed, having previously checked the volume of the tank. Testing in tiller models such as the Neva is carried out as follows:
- The equipment is placed on a horizontal surface so that there is access to the gearbox, and it itself is in an inclined position (it will be more convenient to pour the product).
- Insert a probe into the hole on the gearbox (it can be a metal rod 65-70 cm long, bent into an arc) and measure the level of the substance with it.
If the dipstick immersed in the gearbox is 30 cm in the liquid, then there is no need to fill it additionally. If the results are different, the lubricant should be added to the gearbox to the correct level. At least 2 liters of lubricant will need to be poured into a completely dry gearbox.
Choosing the best oil for a tiller and learning how to change it correctly: in the gearbox, engine
During the operation of the tiller, the engine is exposed to a large load and engine oil is used to protect it from premature wear. The tool is different in chemical composition and properties, therefore it is used according to the classification.
Changing the engine oil
The procedure for replacing the lubricating fluid in the motor is as follows:
- Motorcycle engine is started and warmed up.
- the tiller is installed on an elevated horizontal surface.
- Open the tank drain hole to drain the contents into a separate container and then close tightly.
- Pour a new agent through the filler hole, controlling its level with a dipstick.
- Wipe the drain and fill holes with a dry cloth, carefully removing the remaining lubricant.
Engine oil is not cheap, but you should not save on it, as well as on fuel. Only original and high quality grease should be filled in, since the performance of the tiller, as well as the durability of its mechanisms, will depend on it. Only a high-quality product and with correctly selected parameters will be able to provide the most useful effect and ensure minimal wear of the internal engine parts. The instruction is suitable for such tillers as S htenli (Shtenli), Patriot, Tarpan, Kaskad, Khoper, Agat, Oka, Luch, MTZ.
What kind of oil to fill in Patriot tiller
Tiller Patriot Dallas 2
Tiller Patriot Dallas 2 is capable of performing a variety of jobs, subject to the use of attachments. Motor power 6.5 HP enough to remove snow from the area, plow the soil, harvest potatoes or mow the grass. The main advantage is the economy in fuel consumption, which is only 0.9 l / h.
tiller Patriot Ural
Tiller Patriot Ural is designed for processing soil of medium and high complexity. Thanks to the powerful 7.8 horsepower engine, the unit handles even virgin soil with confidence. the tiller can be called a heavyweight, because its weight is 87 kg. However, there are no difficulties during transportation.
The gearbox has 2 speeds forward and 1 reverse, and with the use of lower gears, the number of speeds increases and operation becomes more efficient at any load.
What kind of oil to fill in the tiller engine
In order for the tiller to work flawlessly for a long time, it must be properly maintained and operated. Oil is a key factor in engine performance. What kind of oil to pour into the tiller’s engine let’s try to figure it out on this page of the site.
The most correct recommendation for the selection of oil will be the recommendation of the engine manufacturer for the tiller. Therefore, we will familiarize ourselves with the operating instructions of the main engine manufacturers for the tillers and cite excerpts from the instructions.
The choice of engine oil, like any other type of oil, depends on two main parameters. the operating category and the viscosity class.
OIL GRADE CLASSIFICATION
API classification by performance category (American Petroleum Institute). For more details see here
CLASSIFICATION OF OIL GRADES BY VISCOSITY
SAE (Society of Automotive and Transportation Engineers) classification. For more details see here
Winter. with the letter W (Winter). Oils meeting these categories are low-viscosity and are used in winter. SAE 0W, 5W, 10W, 15W, 20W, 25W
Summer. no letter designation. Oils meeting these categories are high viscosity and are used in summer. SAE 20, 30, 40, 50, 60.
All-season. at the moment, the most widespread are universal oils that are used both in winter and summer.
Such oils are designated by a combination of winter and summer series: 5W-30, 10W-40
Use an oil with a lower SAE number (less viscous) in winter, and an oil with a higher value (more viscous) in summer.
The multi-viscosity grade oil is comprehensively stable under seasonal and temperature variations. For example, an SAE 10W-30 oil is suitable for multigrade use. At low temperatures, it is equivalent in viscosity to SAE 10W oil, and during operation it has the same lubricating properties as SAE 30.
Manufacturer’s Recommended Tiller Engine Oil.
|Tiller engine make||Manufacturer’s Recommended Engine Oil|
|Robin Subaru (Subaru)||SAE 10W-30. in temperate climates||SAE 5W-30. in cold regions||Automotive engine oil; class SE or higher
(SG, SH or SJ recommended)
|Honda (honda)||SAE 10W-30 grade oil is recommended for use at any temperature.
If you wish to use seasonal oil, select the appropriate viscosity grade based on the average temperature in your area.
|Lifan (Lifan)||SAE-30||SAE-10W-30. all-season|
|Briggs Stratton (briggs)||Briggs Stratton recommends the use of synthetic oil when operating in temperatures below 0 ° C. If you do not have synthetic oil, you can use non-synthetic Briggs Stratton 10W-30 oil part number 998208
Note: Synthetic oil that meets the ILSAC GF-2 Certification Mark, API and API Service Symbol “SJ / CF ENERGY CONSERVING” and above can be used at all temperatures. Change the synthetic oil according to the normal schedule.
Air-cooled engines heat up faster than car engines.
Using a non-synthetic thickened oil (5W-30, 10W-30, etc.) at temperatures above 4 ° C will result in high oil consumption. If using such oil, check the oil level more often.
|SF, SG, SH, SJ or above|
(JSC Kaluga engine)
|М63 / 12Г1 or М53 / 10Г1 GOST 10541-78, oil corresponding to API requirements: SF; SG; SH and SAE: 10W30; 15W30|
Instruction from OJSC “Red October”
|M10GI, M12GI TU 38.10148-85
M63 / 12G1 or M53 / 10G1 GOST 10541-78,
|Cascade MB-6||Motor oil M-5z / 10G1, M-6z / 12G1 GOST 10541-78 (It is allowed to use motor oils for carburetor engines according to SAE classification in accordance with recommendations for use at various ambient temperatures. Mixing of mineral and synthetic oils is not allowed.)|
Engines of these brands are installed on almost all currently produced tillers such as Neva, MTZ, Salyut, Kaskad, OKA, Ugra, Celina, Tarpan, Agat, Favorit, MKM and many others.
Motors of such well-known companies are tested and tested on the specified oils, therefore, the result of operation in accordance with the manufacturers’ recommendations will be the best. The use of engine oil of the specified grade and viscosity will significantly extend the life of the engine and improve its performance. Using too little or too much oil can lead to serious problems including engine seizure.
Manufacturers recommend not to use oil with additives for 2-stroke engines, as it does not contain enough lubricant, which reduces engine life.
In general gasoline engines, use only SE, SF, SG engine oils.
Categories of motor oils for gasoline engines
|SA||For low stress applications where no additives are required|
|SB||For use in the medium stress range. It is characterized by low oxidation, stable lubricating properties, protects motors from wear and prevents corrosion of bearings.|
|SC||For use in gasoline engines manufactured in the period 1964-1967. and not equipped with a PCV system. Minimizes deposit formation over a wide temperature range as well as engine wear and corrosion.|
|SD||For use in gasoline engines manufactured between 1968-1971 equipped with a PCV system. Compared to SC category, better reduces deposit formation over a wide temperature range, engine wear and corrosion.|
|SE||For use in gasoline engines manufactured after 1972. Compared to SD category, it better resists the formation of deposits over a wide temperature range, reduces engine wear and corrosion.|
|SF||For use in gasoline engines manufactured after 1980 Compared to SE category, it better resists the formation of deposits over a wide temperature range, reduces engine wear and corrosion.|
|SG||It appeared in 1988. Its characteristics are comparable to the oil of the SF category and is distinguished by additional quality improvements.|
|SH||Highest category of motor oils introduced since 1992.|
Diesel engine oil categories
|CA||For low to medium mechanical stress applications in engines running on low sulfur diesel fuel. Reduces bearing corrosion and deposit formation at high temperatures, but not suitable for high stress conditions.|
|CB||For low to medium mechanical stress applications in engines fueled by high sulfur diesel fuel. Compared to CA category, it additionally reduces corrosion of bearings and other engine parts.|
|CC||For use in medium to high mechanical stress conditions in non-supercharged and turbocharged engines. It is sometimes used in gasoline engines operating under extremely high loads. Reduces the formation of deposits at high temperatures (and in gasoline engines. at low temperatures) and corrosion of bearings and other engine parts.|
|CD||For use in high-speed, supercharged and turbocharged engines. Reduces the formation of deposits at high temperatures and corrosion of bearings and other engine parts.|
We provide information on the oils used from the website of the manufacturer of tillers and cultivators of the Patriot (Patriot) brand
Patriot engine oil for 4-stroke engines (information from the official website)
Special high-quality engine oil for use in modern four-stroke gasoline and diesel engines with air and water cooling, installed on lawn mowers, cultivators, generators, tillers, mini tractors and other equipment.
Enhanced additives reliably protect the engine under extremely severe operating conditions, providing excellent antiwear, anti-corrosion properties and extending the oil life before it is changed.
The special formula ensures the stability of the oil film.
1.Prevention of the formation of carbon deposits, varnish deposits and sludge;
Cooling of pistons, crankshaft bearings and other engine parts;
The most effective protection of the engine against wear during cold start;
Reduction of noise during engine operation;
Extension of engine life;
Impeccable engine cleanliness.
WE RECOMMEND TO CHANGE THE ENGINE OIL AFTER THE FIRST 5 HOURS OF OPERATION. CHANGE THE ENGINE OIL ONCE A SEASON OR AFTER 25 OR 50 HOURS, DEPENDING ON THE TILLER’S WORKING CONDITIONS.
|Expert 4-stroke semi-synthetic oil is a special all-season semi-synthetic engine oil for use in modern four-stroke gasoline and diesel engines.
The use of the latest additive packages ensures reliable engine protection under extremely severe operating conditions. The oil has excellent anti-wear, anti-corrosion and energy-saving properties.
|4-stroke semi-synthetic oil Specific. Special all-season semi-synthetic engine oil for use in modern four-stroke gasoline and diesel engines.
The use of the latest additive packages ensures reliable engine protection under extremely severe operating conditions. The oil has excellent antiwear, anti-corrosion and energy-saving properties.
|Supreme 4-stroke mineral oil is a special high-quality performance engine oil for use in modern four-stroke gasoline and diesel engines with air and water cooling.
Enhanced additives reliably protect the engine under extremely severe operating conditions, providing excellent antiwear, anti-corrosion properties and extending the oil resource before changing it.
Tiller engine oil change intervals
Small Engine Oil Levels
|Briggs Stratton (briggs)||First 5 hours
– Change oil.
Every 8 hours or daily
– Check the oil level.
Every 50 hours or every season
– Change oil.
|Checking Oil Level. Every Use.
Oil change. first month or after 20 hours of operation, thereafter. every 6 months or after 100 hours of operation
|Robin Subaru (Subaru)||Checking the level and adding engine oil. every time the engine is used (add oil to the maximum mark).
Change of engine oil: First change after 20 hours of operation;
subsequently. every 100 hours of operation
A few more recommendations from manufacturers regarding the use of oil in engines of tillers and cultivators:
- check the oil level by placing the engine on a horizontal surface, wait for it to drain into the crankcase.
- when changing oil, drain it on a hot engine by unscrewing the drain and filling caps
- do not use additives and additives in the oil
- dispose of used oil in a way that does not harm the environment, do not dump it on the ground, do not throw it in the trash can, the best option is to take the oil in a closed container to your local recycling center.
Please note that there are engines that have a built-in additional gearbox, which also requires periodic oil changes. Here is an excerpt from a Honda engine user manual:
What is the difference between two-stroke oil and four-stroke oil
Some types of engine oil are designed for four-stroke powertrains, while others are for two-stroke. They are not interchangeable, and they should be poured in accordance with the intended purpose, because different requirements are imposed on lubricants for motors with different duty cycles. Thus, oil for four-stroke engines, which uses a forced lubrication system, is designed for long-term exposure and is designed to provide a more stable coating of parts. In 2-stroke engines, the oil comes along with the fuel and should instantly dissolve in it, burning smokelessly with a minimum of deposits in the form of soot and ash. Therefore, a characteristic feature of 2-stroke oils is good cleaning and minimal aggressive additives. They, unlike a 4-stroke fluid, do not contain ash, EP and anti-wear additives, which allows them to almost completely burn together with fuel without the formation of carbon deposits and exhaust toxicity.
A feature of oils for four-stroke engines is a multitude of organometallic additives, which are aimed at improving their physical and mechanical properties and increasing the efficiency. And if you pour such a mixture into an engine with a working cycle of two strokes, it will lead to the formation of ash deposits on the surface of the piston and the walls of the combustion chamber. The increased accumulation of deposits, in turn, can provoke the appearance of various troubles, which can only be eliminated by doing a complex and expensive repair of the tiller motor. A lot of harm is also caused by soot, which clogs the air filter and settles in the grooves of the piston rings if the inappropriate petroleum product is used. The accumulation of soot is fraught with loss of ring mobility, and this is a direct path to a decrease in the power of the tiller engine, deterioration of its operation and even complete failure.
Premium Bison 10W-30
All-season semi-synthetic liquid of the Russian brand, designed for lubrication of four-stroke gasoline engines and diesel engines. It has improved resistance to oxidation at high temperatures, has a viscosity corresponding to the Sae 10W-30 standard. It can be effectively used in the temperature range 25 ° C. 50 ° C.
Founding of the Patriot brand
The founding of the Patriot brand is a classic story of growing a business from zero to large. It all began in 1973, when engineer Andy Johnson lost his job and decided to start his own business.
The company acquired its name in honor of Johnson’s favorite football club. PATRIOTS. The rapid development began instantly, because the repair work of garden equipment, and subsequently the service provided by the company’s specialists, were highly appreciated by farmers in the post-crisis space. Over time, the company started to produce lubricants under its own brand.
In 1976, an agreement was concluded with a large retail chain Home Depot for the purpose of selling lubricants and providing service. Since 1986, a joint production of consumables begins with Home Depot, and subsequently the development of new engine models. Gradually, the range of products is expanding, and the scale of production is growing.
In 1997 the company changed its name to PATRIOT due to the severance of the Partner relationship with Home Depot. In order to make the products cheap and cover an even larger market, part of the production capacity was moved to China. The products entered the Russian market in 1999 and a separate trademark PATRIOT GARDEN was allocated, representing a line of soil cultivation machines.
What kind of oil to fill in the tiller gearbox
Despite the fact that the gearbox, like the engine, is actively working, they require completely different types of oils for lubrication. The inside of the gearbox is not filled with engine oil, but gear oil, which provides an excellent degree of lubrication of the moving parts. The amount of oil to be poured is also determined by the manufacturer, but not the engine, but the device as a whole, in this case it is the tiller.
What kind of oil to pour into the tiller
In the maintenance of agricultural tools, it is important to choose the right accompanying and consumables. Particularly acute, in this sense, is the question: what kind of oil to pour into the tiller. The performance of the equipment, its service life and a number of other factors that relate to a specific brand of tiller depend on this choice. Some manufacturers clearly indicate in the technical documentation that comes with the device, the recommended brand and type of oil. However, such information is not always saved, and as a result, the user of the equipment is forced to follow the basic recommendations, ignoring the warnings of the manufacturer.
What kind of oil to pour into Tiller Neva
The peculiarity of Neva tillers lies in a wide variety of modifications of the model range due to the use of various engines, respectively, from different manufacturers. Therefore, before choosing an oil for a tiller, it is worthwhile to once again revise the instructions for the engine and check which oil is recommended by its manufacturer. Read about the features of the tiller models and technical characteristics in the corresponding articles. tiller Neva MB-2S-7.0, Neva MB-23S-9.0 Pro, as well as technical characteristics and device of motor-cultivators. Neva MK-100, Neva MK-200.
What oil is better for pouring into a tiller engine
There is a lot of controversy about which oil should be poured into the engine of a home tiller. Those who consider their point of view to be correct, others refute it, but only one thing can resolve these disputes. the instructions for the device, created by the manufacturer of the equipment. Each of the manufacturers in it indicates the exact amount of oil to be poured, how this amount is measured, and even the type of oil that is used.
What all their points of view agree on is that the oil should be designed specifically for the engine. There are two types of oils. oils for two-stroke engines and oils for four-stroke engines. Both of these options are used for chillers, depending on which engine is installed in the model. Most Tillers have 4-stroke engines, but to determine the type of engine it is worth looking at its factory markings.
Both types of oils are divided into 2 types according to their composition. This criterion allows you to distinguish between semi-synthetic and synthetic oils, or, as they are also called, mineral oils. There is an opinion that synthetic oils are more versatile and can be used constantly, but this is not the case.
The use of oils is divided according to the seasonality of the use of the tiller. So, some models can be operated in the winter season, and due to the thickening of natural components that are sensitive to temperature drop, semi-synthetic oils cannot be used like mineral oils in winter. But the same oils are successfully used in the summer and reliably protect equipment.
So, oil is used not only as a lubricating agent for engine components, but also as a medium that effectively retains soot generated during fuel combustion and metal fractions that appear during parts abrasion. This is why most oils have a thick, viscous texture.
Oil mining drained from the tiller
What oil is better to fill in a diesel tiller
In addition to the fact that oils are divided into synthetic and mineral oils, they are also divided according to the types of fuel that the engine burns. According to the API standard, there are three types of oils. for gasoline engines, for diesel engines, and universal, which are suitable for devices of both categories. The first category includes oils with two-letter markings. In this case, the first letter on the left must be S, the second can be any of the list (A, B, C, F, G, H, J). If the oil is intended for diesel engines, then the first letter on it will be different, namely C.
As for a more detailed decoding of markings, it is worth noting that the quality of all oils is determined precisely by the second symbol in the marking. The closer it is to the beginning of the Latin alphabet, the worse the quality of the oil. Thus, diesel oil with CC marking is slightly inferior in performance properties than engine oil with CD marking.
Comparative characteristics of oils
What kind of oil to fill in a Subaru tiller
One of the most popular models of Subaru engines installed in Tilleri is the Robin Subaru model. This engine is quite sensitive to the quality of the oil used, so the manufacturer recommends # 20, # 30, and 10W-30 SAE oil for it. Recommended oil grade is SE or higher. In this case, the quality of the oil should be no worse than SG. Therefore, once again, asking the question: what kind of oil to pour into the Subaru tiller, ideally you should give preference to oil marked SJ or SH if it is not available.
Oil for diesel tiller. features of choice
When choosing engine oil for a diesel tiller, you should follow the instructions in the operating instructions. However, if the instructions for use have been lost, then you will have to study the formulations available on the market more carefully.
Diesel engine oils are classified into the following categories. To determine the type and conformity of the composition for a particular tiller, the special marking indicated on the container with grease will help:
- API CJ-4. formulations with this marking are designed specifically for tillers with a capacity of 10 liters or more. from. and more. The composition of these lubricants has a high viscosity, which guarantees the correct operation of all elements of the motor unit;
- API CI-4. these oils should be used for engines equipped with different types of injection and pressurization. Such oils have good dispersing properties and high thermal oxidation stability;
- API CH-4. lubricants with this marking fully meet all modern requirements and quality standards. Among the advantages of these compositions, one should highlight the ability to fill them in diesel engines running on fuel, the percentage of sulfur in which exceeds 0.5%;
- API CA. formulations of this type are best suited in cases where diesel fuel contains a small amount of sulfur. Oils with this marking protect the tiller engine from the formation of harmful deposits on its walls;
- API CB. the use of oils of this oil helps to reduce the risk of corrosion of tiller bearings;
- API CC. such oils will be the best option for a turbocharged engine that does not have a supercharger. These formulations help tillers to withstand prolonged loads and work properly in difficult conditions;
- API CF-2. oils of this group show themselves well when used in tillers that give in to heavy loads.
After purchasing a suitable engine oil, you can proceed to pouring it into the tiller motor. The procedure is quite simple:
- Install the unit in a horizontal position first;
- Place a wide container under the drain hole in the engine and remove the plug by gently prying it off with a screwdriver;
- Wait until the old oil is drained from the motor, and screw the plug back into the hole;
- Fill the inside of the motor with at least 2 liters of new lubricant.
Remember that the oil in new tillers should be changed three times with an interval of 5 hours of moderate use. After that, replacement is required no more than 1 time in 25 hours of tiller operation.
Changing the oil in the tiller engine
The working life of the engine of an agricultural unit depends not only on the quality of its components and assembly, but also on how correctly and how often you will change the engine oil. Adhering to the manufacturer’s recommendations, you can extend the life of the unit and save it from typical breakdowns.
To change the lubricant in the tiller, it is necessary to preheat the engine of the unit. To change the oil in the tiller engine, you need to proceed in the following order:
- First place the unit in a horizontal position. The oil fill and drain holes are always located on the left side of the chiller engine. The oil remaining inside the motor must be drained through the drain hole, which is closed with a conical threaded plug. If the plug is twisted too tightly, then you can unscrew it with a long screwdriver;
- Place a wide container with a minimum volume of 2 liters under the drain hole and slowly unscrew the plug. After completely removing it, wait 10 minutes until the lubricant is completely drained from the tiller engine;
- After that, tighten the drain plug and start filling with new engine oil. It is best if you choose 10W40 synthetic or mineral oil as a new formulation. Its volume should be equal to the amount of previously drained oil.
The lubricant in the tiller engine should be changed at least once every 25–30 hours of operation. If you do not use the unit too often, and all the work takes you about the same amount of time, then you can change the oil once a year. At the same time, remember that if you do not have time to work 30 hours per season, then the oil still needs to be changed, since during the downtime of the tiller, the properties of the composition noticeably deteriorate.
If you have just purchased a tiller, then you need to change the lubricant in its motor after the first 5 hours of operation of the unit. The fact is that after assembling new tillers, small debris remaining inside the engine gets into the oil, which leads to engine jamming and minor breakdowns. In order for the motor of the new unit to be completely cleaned, the oil in it will need to be replaced three more times. 2 times after 5 hours of operation, and the third. after 10 hours.
Do I need to add oil to gasoline for a tiller?
To find out whether you need to dilute the gasoline for the tiller, you need to study the instructions for its operation. It indicates what type of engine the unit is equipped with. 2- or 4-stroke.
If the tiller is equipped with a 2-stroke engine, then the fuel mixture for it must necessarily consist of gasoline and oil. During the preparation of the mixture, observe the exact proportion indicated by the manufacturer in the instruction manual. At the same time, fuel for a tiller with a 4-stroke engine does not need to be mixed with oil, since all 4 strokes of such engines run on pure fuel.
It should be remembered that diesel tillers, which are filled with diesel, also do not need to prepare a fuel mixture. The fact is that all diesel engines are 4-stroke engines and run on clean fuel.
Is it possible to fill the tiller with automotive engine oil?
This question is very relevant, especially among novice farmers. Many of them use automobile engine oil, considering that there is absolutely no difference between it and the composition for filling the tiller motor.
In fact, using car oil is a big mistake. The fact is that such a tool does not have the characteristics that are needed for the tiller to work properly. The result of this is accelerated wear of the cylinders and the piston group of the motor, which leads to breakdown of the tiller and the need to completely replace its engine.
To prevent this, you should use a specialized engine oil for the tiller, the composition of which fully meets the requirements of the agricultural machine. For filling the engine, you can use 2-stroke or 4-stroke oil. it all depends on the type of tiller engine.
The manufacturer of the lubricant is also of great importance. formulations from popular brands have proven themselves best in practice: Shell, Mobile, Castrol and Liqui Moly. they work equally well in engines manufactured by BriggsStratton, Subaru and other well-known companies. The third important factor is the seasonality of the engine oil. it depends on this characteristic at what temperatures the composition begins to lose its most important properties. In order not to miscalculate, we advise you to choose an all-season type of oil for a tiller. it does not lose its characteristics at temperatures in the range from 25 to 40 ° C.
Oil in the tiller gearbox. how to check and change?
The gearbox is an important element of the tiller, the function of which is to transmit torque from the motor to the wheels of the unit by means of a V-belt transmission. Gearbox parts are subject to increased wear and therefore require regular lubrication. Let’s make a reservation right away that not all the means available on the market are suitable for this purpose.
The best option for lubricating the gearbox is gear oil. This type of compound is excellent for lubricating moving parts. The second important question is how much lubricant should be added to the gearbox. To find out, you will need to perform a number of specific actions:
- Place the tiller carefully so that its wings are parallel to the surface;
- Take a wire, at least 70 cm long, and bend one of its sides into an arc;
- Push the wire through the filler hole until it stops, then pull it back.
Next, look at the wire. If its wet side is 30 cm, then there is no need to add oil to the gearbox. If the lubricant level is lower, then you will need to add as much oil as needed to reach the 30 cm mark on the wire. Fill the lubricating fluid into the gearbox in the following order:
- Place the tiller on the stands;
- Find the drain plug under the tiller at the bottom of the gearbox. Place a wide container under it and start slowly unscrewing the lid;
- Wait 10 minutes, during which all oil will drain from the gearbox;
- Tighten the drain cap to the end, unscrew the filler plug and put a funnel in it;
- Fill the gearbox with about 2 liters of gear oil;
- Check the compound level with a wire. if the oil contains less than 30 cm of wire, then add some more material.
In most cases, it is required to change the lubricant in the tiller gearbox at least once every 100 hours of operation of the unit. In this case, the replacement frequency may differ depending on the recommendations of the tiller manufacturer. If you use your agricultural machine more than 4 hours a day, it means that you need to change the composition 1 time in 50 hours of tiller operation.
Tiller oil: for engine, gearbox, transmission
Many new tiller owners are interested in issues related to the use of oils for an agricultural machine. Let’s look at what formulations are suitable for lubricating certain tiller mechanisms, and how to use them for stable operation and prolonging the life of the unit.
Tiller transmission oil
When choosing a gear oil, the first thing to look for is the tiller manufacturer’s recommendations. Each of the brands involved in the manufacture of agricultural machinery uses mechanisms that are different in their design. Accordingly, the latter require oils of different composition. In order to avoid mistakes when choosing a transmission oil, we advise you to study the table, which contains the recommendations of the most famous manufacturers of tillers.
|Tiller manufacturer||Transmission oil|
|Neva MB-1||Oils of the brand TAP-158, TAD-17I and other compositions corresponding to GOST 23652-79|
|Neva MB-2||Oils TM-5, TEP-15, as well as compositions corresponding to the classifications SAE90 GI-2 and SAE90 GI-5|
|Bison||The optimum will be the use of transmission oil TAP 15|
|Centaur||Transmission oils TAD-17I, TEP-15, Tap-15V, TSl-14|
|Honda||The 80W90 oil has proven itself best.|
|Cascade||Gear oils complying with GOST 23552-79, or MS-20 aviation oils|
In addition to the correct selection of transmission oil, the frequency of its replacement also plays an important role in extending the life of the tiller. Here, as in the case with the choice of the composition, you should pay attention to the advice of the tiller manufacturer. In the table below you can study the oil change intervals for the most popular brands of tillers.
|Mark Tiller||Manufacturer’s recommendations|
|Neva MB-1 and MB-2||It is required to change the transmission oil at least once every 100 hours of work with the tiller|
|Bison||The first oil change is carried out after 50 hours of operation of the tiller in a moderate mode. All subsequent replacements are made every 200 hours of operation of the unit.|
|Centaur||The transmission oil must be changed after every 75 hours of tiller operation.|
|Honda||The oil should be changed after every 100 hours of work with the tiller.|
|Cascade||It is best to change the transmission oil every 150 hours of tiller operation.|
The difference in the frequency of replacement of transmission oil for tillers of various brands is due not only to the design features of the units, but also to their condition. After all, if the tiller has a slight breakdown, then the transmission oil in it will lose its characteristics much faster than in the case of a completely serviceable unit. Be sure to take this into account, and eliminate all existing breakdowns immediately after their detection.