How To Assemble A Cultivator On A Walk-Behind Tractor Video
How to make a cultivator for a walk-behind tractor with your own hands drawings How to make a cultivator for a walk-behind tractor with your own hands drawings. The main stages of creating a cultivator and the importance of their indispensable observance Popular Todays materials: Earth dogs,
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To make a homemade cultivator for a minitractor or for a walk-behind tractor with your own hands, you will need metal plates, square, 1515 centimeters in size, rectangular 254 centimeters and a steel pipe. You need to start making a cultivator with cutters.
In order for the cutters to turn out to be reliable and suitable for processing all types of soil, and not only loose black soil, they need to be collected with bolts in the blanks, holes must be drilled, the number of which depends on the size of the metal strips, which will serve as blades.
The longer their length, the more holes are needed in order to securely fix them. Further, the strips are fixed on the workpieces, overlapping each other in a circle, and clamped with bolts.
Welding can also be used for these joints, but in this case they will not be strong enough, and repair and replacement of knives will be difficult. Welding is used here to connect the cutters together. For this, holes are made in the workpieces, the diameter of which must correspond to the outer diameter of the pipe.
The cutters are put on over it and fixed with tacks, or short seams. This product can now be put on the shaft of a mini tractor and used as intended.
How to make a cultivator for a walk-behind tractor with your own hands drawings. The main stages of creating a cultivator and the importance of their indispensable observance
How to assemble a cultivator for a walk-behind tractor with your own hands? This lesson is quite simple for those who have the skills to work with similar devices and understand their design. To further simplify the work, there is a certain structure, implying a breakdown of the entire process into certain stages, different in their purpose and functional execution. These subsections look as follows and in the best way characterize the entire procedure for creating a device:
- Drawing up a plan for a future device;
- Collection of the necessary tools;
- Assembly of the device.
A home-made cultivator, assembled in accordance with these criteria, will have the best qualities and will become an indispensable assistant both in the summer cottage and in your own garden.
At the same time, a self-made device will be convenient and practical, since in the process of its assembly all parameters and design features should be performed based on their own anthropometric data, in addition, based on their own preferences and desires.
Variety of choices
A walk-behind tractor or cultivator will help facilitate planting and caring for potatoes. In the work in the garden or garden, they are considered indispensable helpers. The plow is an integral part of the walk-behind tractor. It can be reversible and disk. An additional adaptation to the technique is a hiller, which can be of several types.
It will not be possible to immediately determine which hiller is better. The choice of tillers is influenced by many factors, including the characteristics of the soil, the size of the land plot, the financial part of the issue plays an important role. Therefore, in order to make the right choice, you need to get acquainted with the description of the most common hillers for a walk-behind tractor:
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How to make a cultivator for a walk-behind tractor. Do-it-yourself flat cutter for a walk-behind tractor
In recent years, many land owners are increasingly using new technical developments that can make life much easier and spend much less time on performing certain tasks. Motoblocks, cultivators, mini-tractors and other devices have a tangible impact on the life of an agronomist.
If earlier traditional boots were relevant, which forced to work heavy soil in a half-bent state for more than one hour, today they are replaced by innovative flat cutters designed for operation together with a walk-behind tractor.
How to assemble cutters on a walk-behind tractor
To cultivate land in modern conditions is much easier than it was half a century ago, for example. Today, there are many opportunities for this. For example, convenient walk-behind tractors, which, due to their compactness, but versatility, allow solving various tasks for the processing of even small land plots. As a result, they have found high popularity among peasants and summer residents who are engaged in soil cultivation.
The walk-behind tractor itself is not of great interest if it is not equipped with the necessary additional equipment. This is the only way to get the maximum. In this case, we will figure out how to assemble the cutters on the walk-behind tractor with our own hands.
They are needed when cultivating the soil. Therefore, the quality of processing and the complexity of the procedure itself depend on the model: load on the motor, ease of control and labor intensity.
How to assemble the cutters?
As a rule, the milling cutter is included with the walk-behind tractor. But that may not be enough. Sometimes an increase in the depth or width of processing is required, so the device can be supplemented with other products. This solution also allows you to improve the process of moving the walk-behind tractor. In addition, this will increase the service life of the mechanism.
If the ground is clayey, then it is better to use two pairs of tiller-cultivators. And even if the soil is light and has already been worked before, additional elements will not become a hindrance.
The depth change is possible due to the adjustable coulter. It is a durable element located vertically in the hitch of the walk-behind tractor. The final loosening depth is influenced by the diameter of the cultivator cutter.
If you want to make do-it-yourself cutters for a walk-behind tractor, you should start by determining their types. Two types of construction can be distinguished:
- Crow’s feet;
- With saber knives.
The last option is the most demanded, it can be called standard. After all, these types of products have been tested by time: their effectiveness is quite high. They have an optimal shape and material. Knives are made of high quality high strength steel. Additionally, the material undergoes thermal hardening and high-frequency current treatment.
It should be noted that cultivator cutters have a collapsible design. This feature is due to the fact that the material does not accept welding well. As a result, before installing the product on the walk-behind tractor, its preliminary assembly is required.
As for crow’s feet products, such products are used for hard soils. They have a solid construction, non-separable. Due to this, their strength is high.
Features of crow’s feet:
- Weight 16 kg;
- Speed 2-5 km / h;
- Height 38 cm;
- Length 38 cm;
- Width 41 cm.
Such products are effective in weed control and virgin soil cultivation. However, their disadvantage is the material of manufacture is carbon steel. This affects the strength of the products: therefore, the virgin soil must be processed very carefully so as not to bend the products. However, this allows, firstly, welding, and secondly, repairs.
It should be noted that the cutter is a self-sharpening tool. Additional manipulations in this direction are not required.
It is not difficult to install the cutter on the walk-behind tractor, but for this you have to first assemble it, having properly organized the direction of rotation: the sharpened part should cut into the soil.
The tiller must be leaned against the opener, then tilted somewhere at the level of forty-five degrees, substituted under the handle of the rudder of the tragus. Then it’s a matter of technology: just remove the wheel.
Before you start assembling cutters on a walk-behind tractor, you should think about its design, as well as the functions that it should perform. To do this, it is important to view similar products using the information in detail. Otherwise, the product will not do the work that is needed. This means that the actions will be meaningless.
First you need to make at least an approximate drawing, one of these is shown in. Based on this, all the necessary components are selected. And then you need to act according to the drawing, gradually collecting every detail.
When the assembly of the cutter for the walk-behind tractor is completed, testing should be done. This will allow you to immediately make adjustments to its design if the result deviates somewhat from the intended one.
It should be noted that the procedure is quite clear, but for clarity, the assembly of the milling cutter of the walk-behind tractor is also presented for clarity. This will allow you to more thoroughly understand the procedure, to do all the steps correctly. Then you will get a worthy product and addition for a walk-behind tractor, which allows you to cultivate the soil especially productively and efficiently. This means that the result of such actions with your own hands will be achieved.
Step 2. Milling cutter
At this stage, we will talk about exactly how to assemble the cutter. Since their designs are completely different, the assembly method will be different. However, the principle will still remain.
The blades of the cutter must be inserted into special slots and screwed with bolts. This is where it is important to place the correct cutting edge of the petal. It should stand in the direction of travel and stick its sharp end into the ground. Some manufacturers on the blades themselves give a hint how to screw them (R to the right side, L to the left).
The additional section is attached to the main one with a pin.
The stop disc is connected to the rest of the structure with a bolt.
Assembling a cutter for a walk-behind tractor
Milling cutters for a walk-behind tractor are the main attachments, therefore, it is important that they are always ready for work. In this material on the correct assembly of the cutter for the walk-behind tractor and their installation, let’s see the diagram. This scheme is suitable for most motoblocks, such as the Neva. Bison, Salute, etc.
What is a router bit and how to assemble it?
Before figuring out how to assemble a milling cutter, it must be said that this is one of the most important parts in a walk-behind tractor. This attachment must always be fully operational. An important point. When assembling, remember that the sharpened part of the blades must cut into the ground.
To assemble the cutter on a walk-behind tractor, you need to know that it is attached to the axis of the output shaft. To fix it, the summer resident will need a stopper. And since it can be very difficult to carry out all the actions on your own, it would also be good to stock up on tragus first (their ideal size is 50 cm).
For convenience, the walk-behind tractor must be leaned against a hard surface (the angle of inclination is approximately 45). Tragus is placed under the handle for structural stability. Now you need to remove the wheel. Only now you can start assembling the cutter itself and installing it on the walk-behind tractor.
How to assemble milling cutters on a walk-behind tractor How to assemble a motor-cultivator
Components of the structure:
Electric motor or internal combustion engine. The electric drive can be taken from an old ventilation system or an industrial compressor; such power plants have a decent resource and high reliability.
If you use an internal combustion engine (for example, from a moped), it must be forced to cool, so take care of installing a fan. The chainsaw motor has an improved cooling system, so there is no overheating problem.
An obligatory element of any walk-behind tractor or cultivator. The high speed of the output shaft of the engine (whether electric or gasoline) is too high, and the torque in the compact power units is not enough for tillage.
With the help of a reduction gear, the revolutions are reduced, and the force on the working shaft increases.
Frame and portal for attachments.
Handles for control.
In addition to the main function of holding the mechanism in the working position, the power plant controls are brought to the handles. The structure must be durable and comfortable.
If you decide to assemble a cultivator with your own hands, drawings can be taken from technical literature or developed independently. Tying to the finished project, you will be forced to look for exactly those components that the author of the design provided.
We offer for consideration two designs with a different concept:
How to make a cultivator with your own hands from scrap materials?
First of all, let’s figure out what types of mechanized garden assistants exist.
By the type of power plant, motor cultivators are electric and with an internal combustion engine.
The first option is preferable on household plots with normal power supply. Less usage costs, high environmental friendliness, easy maintenance. Making such a cultivator with your own hands is not difficult at all.
The ICE design assumes the use of the mechanism away from the point of connection to the power supply. Maintenance costs are higher, maintenance is more difficult. You have to work in a harmful exhaust gas environment. These disadvantages pay off by the complete autonomy of the application. I drove out into the field, started the engine and worked until the fuel supply ran out.
By the method of tillage.
The cultivator can be self-propelled, that is, equipped with driven wheels. And it can only have a rotating working nozzle, which simultaneously serves as a means of movement.
In the first case (which is certainly more difficult to manufacture), two gearboxes are used. One provides the movement of the mechanism at a given speed using the driving wheels.
The second gearbox (usually more high-speed) rotates the rotary nozzle, providing soil loosening. If the cultivator has drive wheels, you can attach flat-cut knives to it.
There are simplified designs in which the wheels are not driving, but simply rest on the surface, making it easier to move. The translational movement occurs due to the rotation of the rotary nozzle.
Cultivators without drive or support wheels are easier to manufacture and also lighter in weight. However, when working, you have to spend more physical effort to keep the mechanism on the trajectory.
Therefore, homemade gardeners most often make wheels for a cultivator with their own hands, and get a more functional and convenient tool.
In addition, the presence of support wheels makes it possible to effectively regulate the depth of soil cultivation.
However, a motor cultivator with one drive axle (and, accordingly, a gearbox) has some advantages. You can put the wheels on the axle, and hang a flat-cut knife or plow on the walk-behind tractor. Or install volumetric cutters instead of wheels, and work in the loosening mode.
DIY motor cultivator design options and assembly secrets
The second most important after plowing is the cultivation of the land with a cultivator. On subsidiary farms and summer cottages, such work is performed by a manual or mechanical cultivator.
However, all these adaptations are expensive, and the meaning of saving on growing your own crops is lost.
Therefore, most gardeners and amateur gardeners make a mechanical cultivator with their own hands.
If you have a tool, an elementary material base (channels, pipes, steel corners, a more or less decent engine, wheels), a homemade motor-cultivator can be made in a couple of days off, keeping costs to a minimum.
Do-it-yourself cultivator with an electric drive
Two 1500 W electric motors are used as a power plant. They are combined into a single system using a belt and pulleys of the same diameter. On one of the motors, the pulley is double, and with the help of the tension roller, the torque is supplied to the working pulley, connected to the primary shaft of the gearbox.
The rear wheels are not driving; when installed on the front axle of the rotor nozzle, they become a supporting structure. If you put the wheels on the drive axle, the rear axle gives stability to the structure. With this arrangement, you can attach a variety of attachments, from a flat cutter cultivator to a lance ripper.
The gearbox in this design is used ready-made, from a broken Neva walk-behind tractor. After replacing the worn out gears, the operability is restored.
The advantage of such a gearbox is the durability of the casing. Therefore, it is used as a constructive element of the cultivator. The front drive axle is an extension of the output shaft of the gearbox.
The frame is assembled from scrap materials, from a powerful ventilation system, from decommissioned military equipment. From the same place taken aluminum pipes for the rack of the control sticks. The attachment bracket is made from a plow holder from discarded agricultural machinery. Wheels were taken from it.
The only purchased item is the power cord. The length of 20 m is enough for processing a land plot with an area of 4 acres, with a socket installed in the corner of the field.
A motor-cultivator with a moped engine.
A drawing of the device is shown in the illustration:
The D8 moped motor was used as a power plant. The air cooling on the cultivator does not work due to the low speed. Therefore, a tin container is soldered around the cylinder, into which water is poured. Periodically adding fluid, you prevent the cylinder block from warming up above 100C.
Chain reducer, two-stage.
Bicycle and moped sprockets are used. The casings are welded from 3 mm thick sheet steel. The lower stage of the gearbox has a power function, therefore the output shaft is reinforced with steel bushings fixed to the gearbox housing.
Conclusion: The structures turned out to be strong and reliable, tested by more than one dozen gardeners. You can always make changes to any of them based on the materials you have.
A motor-cultivator with a moped engine. A homemade frame is welded from a 40x40x5 corner and a 20×20 profile pipe. A gearbox from a VAZ 2101 is installed, the transmission from the engine to the box is carried out through a chain. Everything is simple and tasteful. The rest of the details are in the video.