How to Change a Piston On a Chainsaw Calm 180
The main malfunctions of the Stihl ms 180 chainsaw are associated with the piston group. Consider the main reasons why the piston must be replaced. Let us give a description of the piston and the algorithm for its replacement.
When to replace a piston
The reasons why the piston needs to be replaced, as well as the completely piston one, can be quite a lot, but all of them can be divided into natural and resulting from improper operation. Natural, this is the wear and tear formed due to the long-term operation of the Calm 180 chainsaw. Many more artificial ones, for example:
- engine overheating and the appearance of thermal seizures;
- getting into the cylinder of a foreign body and the appearance of mechanical scoring;
- breakdown of the piston ring as a result of exceeding the maximum engine speed;
- breakdown of the piston skirt due to excess speed;
- the use of low-quality fuel, as a result of which the piston group of the chainsaw wears out from the inlet channel in the cylinder;
- operation of a Calm chainsaw with a contaminated fuel filter, resulting in a reduction in the percentage of oil in the fuel mixture;
It is necessary to diagnose the CPG if the Calm ms 180 has sharply lost power or will not start, while the tool starter does not crank. If the starter turns, but the saw does not start, while there is a spark and fuel flows into the cylinder correctly, it is necessary to measure the compression in the engine.
If there is a suspicion of problems with the CPU, it is advisable to contact a service center authorized by the manufacturer, since only in it they can accurately diagnose the malfunction without a full analysis and, if necessary, carry out a quality repair.
9.5. 11 Atm. It is considered a normal indicator at which the Calm chainsaw starts up regularly and gives out maximum power, if the compression is lower, there is a chance that there are scuffing on the piston-cylinder group or its wear is quite large. In any case, with reduced compression, for further diagnosis, it is necessary to completely disassemble the saw.
To determine the presence of seizure on the piston, as well as the breakdown of the piston ring, you can remove the muffler and conduct a visual inspection of the visible part of the piston, while the rings can be checked for elasticity by pressing on them with a small screwdriver. There will be slight walking on the working rings, the defective or pinched piston ring will not go.
Description of the piston group chainsaw Calm 180
The chainsaw is calm 180, the piston group has a diameter of 38 mm. The dimension of the CPG of the chainsaw is determined by the diameter of the piston, the cylinder is slightly larger. As standard, the MS 180 CPG comes complete with a piston pin, two piston rings, and two retainer rings.
Video: How to Change a Piston On a Chainsaw Calm 180
The inner surface of the cylinder should be perfectly sanded and have a glossy shine, which you should pay attention to when buying a spare CPG for the stihl ms chainsaw. If there is damage on the inside of the cylinder, it is not necessary to install such a cylinder.
A distinctive feature of the CPG on the Shtil MS 180 is that it has two compression rings installed, while almost all of its main competitors have only one. According to the manufacturer, the installation of a pair of rings makes it possible to better stabilize the piston in operation, enhance its cooling and increase compression in the engine, thereby improving start-up.
How to change the piston on a chainsaw Calm 180
If you need to replace the old piston and install a new one, you need to know how to do it correctly and follow a certain algorithm of actions. It is also necessary to have a small slotted screwdriver, a special combination wrench calm, a power screwdriver, a hammer, a drift from soft material, a compressor and a stopper for the piston Calm.
Starting work on replacing the piston or piston group assembly, the chainsaw must be cleaned of dirt as much as possible. Further, the work is carried out according to the following algorithm:
- The top cover is removed from the saw and the spark plug is twisted.
- The side cover is removed.
- Using a power screwdriver, the stoppers are removed from the shock absorbers of the chainsaw, after which its handle is disconnected from the body.
- Next, you need to remove the drive sprocket and starter.
- Install the piston stopper in the spark plug hole and loosen the flywheel mounting nut and clutch.
- Remove the flywheel, clutch and oil pump worm gear mechanism located behind the clutch.
- Loosen the two screws securing the carburetor and air filter. Remove the filter, engine control lever and Calm carburetor.
- Remove ignition coil and silencer.
After all these operations are carried out, it is necessary to once again clean the saw from dirt, then turn it upside down and unscrew the four screws securing the engine to the chainsaw body. Unscrewing the screws, the engine is separated from the housing and cleaned again.
On the removed engine, the pan is untwisted and the pallet is removed, after which the piston assembly with the crankshaft is removed from the engine.
When removing the piston from the cylinder, you must remember how it was located relative to the cylinder.
Then, using a small screwdriver, the piston pin retaining rings are removed and the crankshaft is disconnected from the piston.
In the case when it is only necessary to replace the piston, you can install it on the crankshaft, and then mount the lock rings of the piston pin, while arranging them so that the break point of the lock ring is directed downward. This is necessary in order to exclude the possibility of spontaneous popping of the retaining ring during engine operation (according to the manufacturer’s instructions Calm). After that, compression rings are installed, the cylinder is lubricated with engine oil and the engine is assembled.
The installation of the piston in the cylinder must be carried out with the utmost care, since the compression rings are brittle and break easily.
The crankcase is mounted on the engine, sealant is used as a gasket, after which four mounting screws are mounted and tightened crosswise. Next, the engine is mounted on the body of the chainsaw. Subsequent assembly is performed using the reverse disassembly algorithm.
Why the Calm chainsaw does not start after replacing the piston
If the saw does not start after replacing the piston, it is necessary to check the fuel supply to the chamber, as well as to diagnose the ignition system. Very often, when installing the control lever on a chainsaw, masters forget to connect the wires coming from the ignition coil, as a result of which the spark disappears and the saw does not start.
Also, the problem may be hidden in the pinched fuel supply hose or if it is not connected at all. Of course, there can be many reasons, but it is worth remembering that if all work on replacing the piston is carried out correctly, the tool should start and work normally without any problems.
On the video you can see a detailed video instruction in which the master showed in all details how to properly disassemble the saw and install a new piston on it. Also in the video you can see how to properly clean the saw during the repair process.
We examined the main causes and malfunctions of the Calm ms 180 chainsaw for which the replacement of the CPG is necessary. But, as a rule, in each case, the reasons may intersect, and for proper repair, an integrated approach to solving the problem is needed. Putting a new piston on the saw does not always mean solving the problem. It is imperative to eliminate the causes of the malfunction and the tool will last for a long time without any problems or the need for repairs.