How To Choose A Plow For A Tiller

Installation

To reduce physical activity when working the land with a tiller, namely when plowing, it is necessary to correctly set and adjust the plow. When setting up the plow on the machine, pay attention to the hitch attachment. It must be secured to the tiller with one central cotter pin. This fastening provides a small backlash, which will allow you to compensate for the load when processing problem areas of the earth. With an increase in the load on the plow, due to the backlash, it will turn slightly to the side, without changing the trajectory of the tiller.

If the equipment trailer is rigid with two cotter pins to the tiller, then all efforts through the plow will be transmitted to the unit. You will have to apply a lot of physical strength to maintain an even trajectory of movement.

The installation of the plow itself is quite simple and does NOT take much time. Next, it’s up to the adjustment, which needs to be paid maximum attention.

Tillery “Salute

Tillers of the Salyut brand are a prominent representative of Russian manufacturers. The advantage of this unit lies in the balanced ratio of price and quality. One of the first models, which is still in demand and remains on the market, is the Salyut-5 tiller. The design of this unit is so simple and reliable that it easily won the love of the middle class population. The popularity of the model inspired its manufacturers to create a more perfect and modernized model. “Salyut-100”. This unit has increased power, due to which, together with a large number of attachments, the scope of its application has also expanded.

How to choose a plow

Depending on the work carried out on the cultivation of the land, it is necessary to select attachments. This rule also applies to the plow. Three modifications of the plow are most often used for plowing.

  • Negotiable. Its design allows you to adjust the plowing depth. This plow, when working, forms a furrow and turns the cut soil layer to the side, which is the easiest way. Improving the upper part of the share, you can achieve better soil cultivation. For this, in the upper part of the unit, the ploughshare is bent to the left with a slight slope. When working, the cut soil layer slides along this bend and flips 180 degrees, thereby improving processing.
  • Rotary. Used for more detailed land cultivation. By design, it has several blades, which allows you to increase the plowing depth. This plow Not only plows the land, but also crushes the cut soil layer. This allows it to be used for hilling and in the manufacture of furrows for planting crops. The design flaw is that the tool can only be used on soft to medium ground. On solid soil, it will be necessary to first carry out processing with a reversible plow, then apply a rotary plow, which increases physical costs and processing time. Also, the price of this design is the highest in comparison with others.
  • Zykov’s plow. It is a modified modified reversible plow. The design of the plow has proven itself well when working hard soil. Thanks to the large number of settings, it is possible to optimally prepare the equipment for work, taking into account all soil parameters and operating conditions. Adjusting the angle of inclination or, as the people call it “the angle of attack”, allows you to use this unit for processing any soil. To do this, you need to increase the angle of attack for processing hard soil or decrease it for softer types of soil.

How to choose and install a tiller plow “Salute”?

Since the 80s of the last century, such units as tilleri have begun to be widely used in agriculture. This is due to the development of farming and private homesteads. tillers greatly simplify agricultural work thanks to a wide range of attachments and replacement equipment.

How to adjust

To make the correct adjustment, you need to know what kind of soil you are going to plow and to what depth. Here is a quick guide on how to adjust the plow to the tiller.

  • The plow should be positioned so that its central one coincides with the longitudinal axis of the tiller and, at the same time, the dimensions of the equipment do NOT go beyond the limits of the earthen grabs. This will ensure the stability of the machine during operation, and you can easily keep a straight path.
  • To adjust the tillage depth, prepare tiller wheel stands equal in height to the tillage depth. Install the unit on substrates parallel to the ground. We release the plow stand with screws. He should come down and touch the ground. After that we fix the plow on the rack with the screws.
  • Lower the plow on level ground to adjust the angle of inclination. It should fit snugly along the entire plane to the soil. If present, loosen the clamp on the upright and return to the desired direction. Then fix the clamp.
  • The angle of attack is regulated by a screw, which is located between the stand and the share. Turning the screw clockwise decreases the angle of attack. This setting is suitable for working on soft soil. If the screw is turned counterclockwise, the angle of attack will increase, which will help to cultivate harder soil.

How to install a tiller plow “Salute”, look in below.

Single body plow

The most common design for small power plants is simple single-body plows. They have the main elements:

  • The stand fixes the body on the frame, the frame itself can be lowered or raised during movement, we move the executive body from the working position to the transport position;
  • The ploughshare has a cutting edge that acts on the ground;
  • The dump is the surface on which the soil layer moves when plowing;
  • The field board stabilizes the movement of the entire machine-tractor unit (this is the name of an agricultural machine assembled with a power plant).

What are the tiller plows

the tiller can be equipped with different types of plows. The main ones are:

  • Single-hull. With a mini tractor with a wide enthusiasm, not one, but two or three bodies can be aggregated. Working width of capture can reach 90 cm and more;
  • Reversible (revolving). To simplify the movement pattern and prevent the formation of stump or breakup furrows, a working unit is used that forms a dump in one direction when the tiller (motor-tractor) moves in both directions;
  • Rotary. The design uses several blades rotating along the vertical axis (PTO drive).

Important! The more complex the design, the more functional it is. But the price is also increasing.

Purpose of the plow

A plow for a tiller (a motor-tractor, small-sized agricultural machinery) allows you to prepare the soil for planting crops. When working, the layer turns over, weed vegetation from the upper horizon goes down. Therefore, reverse plowing is a prophylaxis against weeds. In autumn, during the dry period, before the onset of rains, Root shoots dry up, in winter they completely freeze out.

Plowing loosens the soil, the resulting pores can accumulate more moisture. Pests hibernating at depth move upward during autumn processing. Winter frosts kill the larvae of the May beetle, wireworm, bear and other insects that harm plants.

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Autumn plowing prepares the soil for next year’s harvest. The density of the soil is reduced by 1.3. 1.5 times. With a spring mouse, large clods of earth are broken, the nutrients of the soil layer become more accessible to the roots.

Rotary plow

If it is necessary to plow deeply (up to 30 cm in depth), the plow for the tiller must be rotary. The design of the device provides for the installation of one or more rotors on the frame, which are driven from the power take-off shaft (PTO) of the power unit. Plowshares and plows, balanced in terms of mass and centers of gravity, rotate on the axle. They go deep into the ground and then wrap the layer. The whole unit moves across the field, the rotary movement is added to the translational movement. The result is a complex impact on the soil. It goes through several stages of wrapping and loosens quite intensively.

Multiple movement of the soil is achieved, the roots of perennial weeds stand out from it.

Attention! Root residues are NOT plowed back into the soil, but remain on the surface. Under the influence of the sun’s heat, they dry out.

1.4. Peeling, reversible share, disc

Peeling is a special type of plowing at a shallow depth. Reservoir turnover is insignificant.

Reversible share plows are designed for two-sided plowing.

Disc plows perform soil tillage at high seam viscosity.

Reversible or reversible plow

In small areas, it is difficult to carry out the movement of the machine-tractor unit according to the schemes used by large agricultural machines. After passing the row in one direction, you need to make a turn in the confined space and move back along the parallel row. Moving with a conventional single-body plow, they will form a dump, and then breakup furrows.

For autumn plowing, such a scheme is suitable, but in spring the grower needs to have an even field in order to plant certain crops. Uniform plowing in both directions of movement will be carried out by reversible (Reversible) plows. In fact, these are two bodies in which the directions of the plowshares and dumps are oriented in different directions, they are located at a certain angle of inclination to each other. When using one working body, the cavity moves on the right side, the other rolls off to the left.

Two racks are mounted on one frame. Replacement is carried out without removing the housings, rotation takes place within two seconds.

How To Choose A Plow For A Tiller

Attention! The use of a reversible plow allows you to create a level field without the need to manually break the stump or fill up the break furrows.

Plow classification. How to choose a plow for a tiller. Purpose and types of plows. Tiller plow setting recommendations

The main requirement for the tiller movement is strictly STRAIGHT. Each of the wheels can start overtaking, which breaks linearity. The presence of a working body, performing undercutting and turning the land, disturbs stability. Therefore, when setting up, they try to install the body so that displacement is minimized. There are special holes on the frame for this purpose. With their help, you can adjust the position of agricultural implements and the power unit.

It is also important to adjust the plowing depth. The operation is performed by moving the frame stand.

How to choose a plow for a tiller, and its design

Since ancient times, the plow. Used for plowing a plot. Today this device has become much more modern. In addition, it has become much easier to mount it on the tiller. This type of equipment will be advisable to use on small land plots intended for plowing. It can replace the owner of a tractor, which makes no sense to use on small areas. Such attachments can easily cope with the ground, which has a resistance of 0.5 kg / cm 2.

Most popular models:

When choosing a brand, it is necessary to take into account the characteristics of the soil on the site, as well as the power of the unit and model. Do not forget that a lot of things depend on the correct installation and setup of the unit before work. Consider the most popular devices for plowing the land. Arrange models in ascending order of value.

  • Mole. The unit is of a single-body type, weighing 8.59 kg. It can work the soil with a depth of 15-20 cm. Tillers such as Neva, Agate, MB-2, Plowman, Cascade, Hitachi S169, MB-1 Oka, NMB-1 Ugra, etc. are suitable for work.
  • P1-20 / 2. Single-body model. Processes the same soil depth as the previous device. Weighs 8.5 kg. Works on such devices as: Luch, MB-2 Neva, Mobile K G85, Hitachi S169, Agat, etc.
  • P1-20 / 3. Revolving model, weighing 13 kg and tillage depth of 20-25 cm. Tillers MTZ Belarus, Ghepard, Mobile K G85 and Agros are used for work.
  • Salute. Single-body unit. Weighs 8 kg and plows 15-20 cm of soil.
  • Zykov’s plow. Weighs 9 kg and works the soil with a depth of 20-25 cm. Designed for brands: Hey, Neva, Favarit, Oka.
  • Reversible for models: GS 81, GS 101, GS 12. The weight is 18 kg, and the depth of the cultivated soil is 20-25 cm. It is in the price category of 3300.3500 rubles.
  • Double-turn. Weight. 15 kg. The depth of the cultivated soil is 15-20 cm.
  • Rotary. It consists of several blades, weighs 40 kg and cultivates the soil to a depth of 30 cm.compatible with almost any type of equipment.

There are three types of tiller plows:

  • Single-hull. Has only one share. They are mainly suitable for light soil.
  • Reversible or reversible. The soil is turned over with the help of plowshares, bent towards the top, in the form of a feather. This device allows you to work on much harder soil. After such processing, the land becomes more crumbly and its further processing is simplified. In addition, weeds practically DO NOT grow in the future.
  • Rotary. Equipped with multiple blades.

Tiller plow design

The share is geometrically correct and the heel design is perfect for plowing hard ground. The unit is collapsible, made of durable material. The materials for the production of the unit are NOT chosen randomly, since during operation the part is exposed to a large load. After the work of the attachments, the land is cultivated with a cultivator.

For each type of tiller. For example, Cascade. Salute, Neva or Favorite, the corresponding type of technique is used. Today, there are also universal models that are compatible with any type of equipment.

Tiller plow settings, tips:

Zykov’s plow, and description:

A distinctive feature of this device is that, thanks to a specially designed form, it perfectly plows the ground, crumbling and turning it over. This feature will allow you to almost completely get rid of weeds.

Zykov’s plow, consists of a body with a ploughshare, a stand attached to the tiller, a field board with which the technique rests on the walls of the furrow and makes a model of a stable, supporting part, feathers, which, by turning the soil, makes it possible to Get an even and uniform arable land.

Rotary plow, and its characteristics:

This unit is fundamentally different from other models, and therefore, it is often compared with a cultivator. Structurally, this unit consists of several plowshares, curved shape, fixed on one axis. When turned on, it rotates and turns the earth. This significantly distinguishes a rotary plow from a cultivator.

With a slight physical effort, the rotary unit can cultivate the soil to a depth of 25-30 cm. Working with such equipment is quite simple, since you can move along different trajectories, and not just in a straight line, unlike the latter. Among experts, disputes flare up about the effectiveness of this unit, but it is still popular among summer residents, who use it when processing compacted or overgrown soil.

The purchase of an expensive rotary plow for plowing a small area is NOT advisable, it will be cheaper to pay for the work of professionals with the appropriate equipment. After the first plowing of the soil, it will become much easier to work with it later. Not very dense soil can be processed with implements of a simpler design. Therefore, solve your problems Proceeding from THESE recommendations, do not spend extra funds, council capacities Which will work idle. Until next time and good luck in processing your site!

The device of the plow Zykov

  • – the unit body;
  • -a stand that helps to attach the technique to the tiller;
  • -field board (gives stability to the model);
  • -support part;
  • -feather to turn the soil and get a more evenly cultivated arable land.
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The design is equal to the body plow

The simplest design is a single-body plow (we discussed its manufacture above). It is with such a plow that you can start making for a beginner, in addition, there are a great many drawings of such a plow.

complex design in a reversible plow. Such a plow has a curved blade at the top of the body, which allows you to turn the soil layer during processing, which is especially optimal for hard soil.

To manufacture such a plow will require significant effort and much more knowledge (due to a more complex drawing and more careful selection of materials). It is also necessary to strictly follow all instructions in the manufacture of such a unit.

How to choose a good tiller plow.

Any summer resident who wants to purchase a plow for a tiller realizes that this acquisition can make it easier to plow the land, and with its help it is also easier to turn the upper layers to bury the necessary fertilizers.

Reversible plow

For example, you can make your own reversible plow from high-strength steel. Therefore, it costs nothing for him to withstand the necessary pressure while working on the land.

It is also necessary to take into account the density of the treated soil. This should be especially taken into account for a rotary plow. the tiller engine should NOT overheat, which will allow the unit to be used longer.

Which plow is best for a tiller to choose

To increase the productivity of the work performed, it is very important to take a responsible approach to the question: which plow is better for the tiller to choose?

Reversible plow

Reversible plow, which can be disassembled, is perhaps the Most Ideal option, because it is possible to replace or sharpen the knife.

You also need to decide what size your plow will be, which will directly depend on which model of the tiller you are using.

For more efficient use of the plow, it is necessary to adjust the device, for which it is better to use a hitch (although not necessarily).

For a more accurate adjustment, several principles must be taken into account: first, it is necessary that the longitudinal regulator and tiller coincide, and second, the vertical position of the Gryadil.

This setting will allow you to perform agricultural work more efficiently. It is also necessary to use axle extensions and metal wheels with weights for various tasks.

When buying a plow for a tiller, you must follow a few rules: the plow does not have to have a thin stand, shortening of the blade, small thickness of the body sheet, low-quality steel. There must be an instruction manual. Compliance with all of the above will reduce your costs, prevent breakdowns, and also perform work with high quality.

Zykov’s plow for tiller

Zykov’s specially designed plow for the tiller has a significant difference in shape from other similar units, which allows better processing of the soil, crumbling and turning it over. Such treatment helps to almost completely get rid of weeds.

How to make a plow to a tiller yourself

Now we will answer the frequently asked question of the owners who bought the tiller: how to make a plow for the tiller with your own hands. To make working elements, you need 3-5 mm steel. First you need to make a ploughshare (for example, a circular saw blade is suitable for it). The cutting part of the plowshares must be well and sharpened at an angle of 45 degrees.

The next step will be making a blade. For it, you can take a pipe with a diameter of 0.5 m and a wall thickness of 5 mm. Cut out the blank for the blade cutter and grind the angle grinder.

Having finished making all the parts, you can start assembling the plow body. To do this, we take steel with a thickness of 2-3 mm and assemble the entire structure.

So there are several types of plows, consider some of their features, plows are single-body, reversible and rotary.

Adjustment on heavy tillers

The plow setting on heavy diesel tillers does NOT differ from the setting on light class machines. The only thing is that lugs are not installed on heavy machines, because the mass of such equipment exceeds 200 kg. Most importantly, observe safety precautions when connecting the unit and plowing. After all, the more powerful the technique, the more careful you need to be when working.

Adjusting the plow to the tiller

To work on different types of soil, the unit must be configured differently. But the main adjustment takes place according to several criteria:

  • Setting the plowing depth;
  • Adjustment of the angle of attack;
  • First furrow cutting.

Plowing depth. Here is the setting of the plowing depth depends on the further process of growing crops. If you adjust the depth insufficient, the roots of harmful plants will remain under the soil, and if the depth is too deep, then the fertile soil will mix and the plants will NOT receive the necessary nutrients.

Attack angle. The adjustment takes place using a field board. The performance of the unit depends on the angle of attack: if the angle of attack is greater than necessary, the device will get stuck in the ground, and the tiller will skid; and if the angle of attack is insufficient, the plow will not remove the required layer of soil.

First furrow. After making all the adjustments, the first furrow must be plowed. At this stage, it becomes clear whether the plow is set up correctly. With the next mouse, the car is lowered by one wheel into the Track, and further adjustment takes place into the furrow.

Attack angle

The angle of attack is adjustable on the device frame. Adjust the horizontal position of the frame with a lanyard and lower the machine to the ground contact with the share. Then you need to slightly raise the body so that the back of the Ploughshare is raised a few centimeters above the ground.

If the angle of attack is too high, the tiller will burrow into the ground. If the angle of attack is small, the unit will NOT sink to the required depth, but will plow only the top layer of soil.

Plowing depth adjustment

The plowing depth is set according to two parameters:

  • Type of cultivated land;
  • Design features.

Before starting the setup, you need to find the most level area. If it is possible to make adjustments on asphalt, then move the machine to it. When the machine is plowing the soil, it moves with the right wheel along the track, and the left wheel is on uncultivated ground. To recreate this position of the machine, you need to install stands under the left wheel of the tiller, the height of which should be the depth of plowing.

The plowing depth is adjusted using the adjusting wheel. The deeper the support wheel is lowered, the shallower the plowing depth will be and vice versa. The height of the support wheel must be equal to the height of the Raised side.

How to choose a plow for a tiller

When choosing a plow, pay attention to the technical characteristics of your tiller. For processing small areas, a single-body share unit is suitable, and if you are the owner of a heavy diesel tiller, then you can connect a Double-body device, which will speed up the land cultivation process twice as compared to a single-body unit.

Preparing the tiller for plowing

Land cultivation is a technological process that requires special preparation of motor vehicles and a plow. First, you need to move the car to the field to be processed. If you are using a lightweight tiller, then it can be transported in the back of a car. Before starting plowing, you need to carry out daily maintenance of the machine and check its performance.

For the period of plowing, lugs are installed on the light and middle class tillers instead of wheels. They improve traction and increase the total weight of the vehicle. Before installing the lugs, you need to transport the car to a flat area, substitute a stop under the rear hitch and remove the wheels. If you can replace the hubs on the Tilleri with longer ones in order to increase the Track, then replace them. After that, the lugs are installed. Pay attention that the tread pattern on the lugs is directed in one direction. Narrowing of the pattern indicates the direction of travel.

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After carrying out maintenance and replacing the wheels with lugs, you can start connecting and adjusting the plow.

Plow device

Depending on the model of the device, its design differs. The main structural elements of the unit:

  • Frame. The body and the adjusting wheel are attached to it. Two lanyards are installed on the frame, which change the position of the body in a horizontal and vertical position.
  • Housing. This is the main working element of the plow. On it are fixed: a ploughshare (knife), a blade and a field board. The body is height adjustable by moving the rack. The ploughshare is responsible for cutting the soil layer, and the blade is responsible for turning the soil. The field board is a service element for setting up.
  • Support wheel. Depending on the set height of the support wheel, the plowing depth also depends.

In addition to the main working and service bodies, plows are equipped with other parts. It depends on the type of device and its purpose.

Types of plows

Over the thousand-year history of the plow, it has often been modified. Modern units are usually divided by working bodies, their number and purpose.

  • By working elements, plows are divided into share and disc.
  • By the number of working bodies for one-, two-, three-body, etc.
  • By appointment for special and general.

A share plow is a unit, the body of which is equipped with a share (knife). The ploughshare cuts the soil, lifts it up, and turns the blade over. The share aggregate is used for plowing the land for sowing grain crops. Maximum plowing depth. 30 cm.

Disc plow. instead of a ploughshare, the device has discs that plow the land. This unit is used on heavy rocky soils and fields, which are located in the place of uprooted forests. The advantage of the disc is that if the ploughshare finds it on a stone, it will break and the disc will roll over the obstacle. Disc devices are used only by powerful tractors in large fields.

A multi-body plow is a unit on which several bodies with shares are installed. The more powerful the tractor, the more bodies on one frame it can pull. Multi-body units speed up field processing and increase productivity. The heavy diesel tiller is equipped with two-body devices.

Special and general purpose plows. A general purpose machine is a share device that is designed for plowing a field. Special purpose machines are devices for difficult soil types, such as swampy, rocky, etc.

Frequent problems and solutions

Remember that plows are structurally different from each other. The general adjustment process is similar, but the elements for which the adjustment takes place may differ. Before starting the connection and setup, read the instructions that came with the device.

The same goes for the tiller. Specify, based on the instructions, whether it is necessary to change the wheels to lugs, and what diameter they should be. It is recommended to install weights on light and middle class tillers so that the unit sinks under the weight of the machine. If the plow is set up correctly, but the machine is still skidding, then the unit is too large for your tiller capacity. This problem can be solved by installing weighting materials.

When choosing a device, focus on the power of the tiller. The heavier the machine, the larger the diameter of the plow. Heavy diesel tillers are equipped with double-body devices, which increase the productivity of the processing of the site.

The design of the plow is simple and straightforward. the main thing is to be attentive to the unit itself and think sensibly when connecting it. Remember that the unit should be looked after in the same way as the tiller. Clean your implement after plowing, try NOT to plow Stony soils and service your helper in a timely manner.

How to make a plow to a tiller yourself

Now we will answer the frequently asked question of the owners who bought the tiller: how to make a plow for the tiller with your own hands. To make working elements, you need 3-5 mm steel. First you need to make a ploughshare (for example, a circular saw blade is suitable for it). The cutting part of the plowshares must be well and sharpened at an angle of 45 degrees.

The next step will be making a blade. For it, you can take a pipe with a diameter of 0.5 m and a wall thickness of 5 mm. Cut out the blank for the blade cutter and grind the angle grinder.

Having finished making all the parts, you can start assembling the plow body. To do this, we take steel with a thickness of 2-3 mm and assemble the entire structure.

So there are several types of plows, consider some of their features, plows are single-body, reversible and rotary.

Reversible plow

Reversible plow, which can be disassembled, is perhaps the Most Ideal option, because it is possible to replace or sharpen the knife.
You also need to decide what size your plow will be, which will directly depend on which model of the tiller you are using.

For more efficient use of the plow, it is necessary to adjust the device, for which it is better to use a hitch (although not necessarily).
For a more accurate adjustment, several principles must be taken into account: first, it is necessary that the longitudinal regulator and tiller coincide, and second, the vertical position of the Gryadil.

This setting will allow you to perform agricultural work more efficiently. It is also necessary to use axle extensions and metal wheels with weights for various tasks.

When buying a plow for a tiller, you must follow a few rules: the plow does not have to have a thin stand, shortening of the blade, small thickness of the body sheet, low-quality steel. There must be an instruction manual. Compliance with all of the above will reduce your costs, prevent breakdowns, and also perform work with high quality.

Which plow is best for a tiller to choose

To increase the productivity of the work performed, it is very important to take a responsible approach to the question: which plow is better for the tiller to choose?

Which plow is better for a tiller to choose, photos and descriptions

Any summer resident who wants to purchase a plow for a tiller realizes that this acquisition can make it easier to plow the land, and with its help it is also easier to turn the upper layers to bury the necessary fertilizers.

The device of the plow Zykov

  • – the unit body;
  • -a stand that helps to attach the technique to the tiller;
  • -field board (gives stability to the model);
  • -support part;
  • -feather to turn the soil and get a more evenly cultivated arable land.

Double sided plow for tiller

A double-sided plow for a tiller (hiller) is used to huddle various agricultural crops. It also removes weeds between the rows. Such plows can be used to cultivate the soil, cut furrows to plant the plants, and then fill them up, including the tiller’s reverse. Such devices differ only in width of capture. fixed and variable. The difference between them is only in the movable wings, which regulate the working width.

The plow, which has a fixed working width, works with a light tiller (up to 30 kg), the engine of which is up to 3.5 hp. Feature. 12mm racks (protects the tiller from overloading).

The most common type of hillers in which the working width is variable. Their only drawback is the shedding of the soil into the furrow after the passage. These plows come with tillers over 30 kg, with engines of 4.0 HP. And higher.

Reversible plow

For example, you can make your own reversible plow from high-strength steel. Therefore, it costs nothing for him to withstand the necessary pressure while working on the land.

It is also necessary to take into account the density of the treated soil. This should be especially taken into account for a rotary plow. the tiller engine should NOT overheat, which will allow the unit to be used longer.

Zykov’s plow for tiller

Zykov’s specially designed plow for the tiller has a significant difference in shape from other similar units, which allows better processing of the soil, crumbling and turning it over. Such treatment helps to almost completely get rid of weeds.