How To Connect A Walk-Behind Tractor With A Trailer
How to connect a walk-behind tractor with a trailer
Motoblocks In a large farm, for each type of work, its own equipment is used, which specializes in performing certain operations. For private traders or small farms, similar
Attachments for motoblocks
Plows of all types are intended for plowing with a turnover of both cultivated and virgin soils.
Mounted cutters for a walk-behind tractor are used to loosen the earth without a coup. Depending on the rotational speed and the diameter of the cutters, deep (replacing plowing) or shallow loosening can be performed.
Hillers, in accordance with its name, are intended for hilling beds. They can be simple or disk-based.
Potato planter, which is a container on wheels, equipped with a furrow cutter and a hiller. The first one cuts a furrow, potatoes fall into it from the container with a predetermined step, the hiller covers it with earth.
Seeder works on a similar principle, only seeds of various crops are sown in the furrows instead of potatoes. Garlic, onions, tomatoes, carrots, etc. The design of the drills depends on the type of seeds and the way they are planted.
The walk-behind tractor can be used as a driving device not only for tillage machines. Various attachments for walk-behind tractors are produced, allowing you to perform many other works.
Chopper, powered by a walk-behind tractor, it is very convenient for composting or disposing of any garden waste. Branches of trees, shrubs, hard stems of grass, etc.
Trailers to the walk-behind tractor. Very useful devices that can replace much more expensive vehicles. They are used to transport goods weighing from 300 to 1000 kg. Of course, for the transportation of 1 ton, the power of the walk-behind tractor must be appropriate. Trailer bodies are usually tipper or dumpers. The trailers are equipped with an operator’s seat and, in some cases, with brakes and lights.
You can make a seat at the walk-behind tractor without a trailer; for this, a seat with two wheels is attached to the walk-behind tractor.
Through a dedicated blade shovels you can remove debris or snow.
Brush also helps to keep the territory clean, it removes small debris or loose snow. Snow blowers for motoblocks are also sold for snow removal.
Mowers. Rotary and segmental. Are used for mowing grass when making hay. The opinion of users of walk-behind tractors is unanimous. The rotary scythe is in almost all respects superior to the segmental scythe, which satisfactorily copes only with evenly standing sparse grass and grain crops.
Complete with mowers can be used hay turner, used for high-quality drying of grass.
There are other devices powered by a walk-behind tractor. Water pumps, lumber handling machines, trenchers, power generators, augers and more.
Operational and technical characteristics of motoblocks
Engine. Motoblocks are equipped with gasoline and diesel engines. They can be two-stroke (older models) or four-stroke. Power varies between 5-12 hp. Cooling of engines is mainly air, only for super-heavy motoblocks liquid (water) is used. Starting is done with a manual starter or an electric starter (for heavy models). In the latter cases, walk-behind tractors are equipped with a battery.
Transmission. Reducers are distinguished by a wide variety: gear, chain and belt drives are used. The reducer can be collapsible or non-collapsible (maintenance-free). In case of failure of a maintenance-free gearbox, it is better to replace a walk-behind tractor with a new gearbox. This is due to the fact that walk-behind tractors with non-separable gearboxes have simplified non-cased engines, the planned resource of which does not exceed the planned resource of the gearbox.
The number of speeds can be from 1st front and 1st back to 6 forward and 2 back. Most models are equipped with disc (dry or oil) friction clutches. Sometimes a belt drive with a tension roller is used as a clutch.
For maneuvering and turning, walk-behind tractors are equipped with a mechanism that disables one of the wheels or a differential that ensures the wheels rotate at different speeds.
To drive the working bodies (an active cutter, for example) and trailed mechanisms, walk-behind tractors have one or two power take-off shafts, which can be dependent (start to rotate when the clutch is turned on) and independent (get rotation directly from the engine).
On many models, the wheel spacing can be adjusted to alter the track width. To increase the grip of the wheels with the ground, the mass of the walk-behind tractor can be increased by installing a special ballast on the wheels. Often manufacturers equip walk-behind tractors with an additional pair of metal wheels with grousers installed to increase traction with the soil.
Control. The walk-behind tractor is controlled by two handles that can be adjusted in height and angle of rotation in the horizontal plane. The most modern and ergonomic models have an anti-vibration system that reduces vibration transmitted to the handles. The operation of the engine, the clutch and the gearbox (gear shifting) is controlled using the controls located on the handles or in their area.
Weight. The weight of motoblocks varies widely. From 50 to 200 kg or more.
Below are the technical characteristics of motoblocks belonging to the light, heavy and superheavy class: Salute 5L 6.5 (Russia), Kipor KDT 910E (China) and Crosser CR-M12E (England).
|Specifications||Salute 5L 6.5||Kipor KDT 910E||Crosser CR-M12E|
|Start||Manual starter||Electric starter||Electric starter|
|Number of speeds||2/1||6/2||6/2|
|Processing width, cm||up to 80||26-64-86||80|
|Processing depth, cm||25||15-33||33|
In terms of its functions and capabilities, the walk-behind tractor takes an intermediate position between the cultivator and the mini tractor. Unlike the first, the walk-behind tractor is a universal machine and operates due to the tractive effort created by the engine on the drive wheels, while the cultivator is. It is a highly specialized device designed mainly for cultivation only. Those. Loosening the surface layer of the soil without turning it over.
The main difference between the walk-behind tractor and the tractor is the presence of only one axis and the absence of a seat for the operator, who, during operation, holds the walk-behind tractor by the handles and walks behind him. It should be borne in mind that by equipping the walk-behind tractor with a trailer, you can operate it sitting on a special seat. In addition, there are models of super-heavy walk-behind tractors equipped with a third wheel and a seat, which, in essence, are a hybrid of a walk-behind tractor and a mini tractor.
A large farm uses its own equipment for each type of work, specializing in performing certain operations. For private traders or small farms, this approach is too wasteful. They want one versatile and inexpensive machine. Handyman. These requirements are met by walk-behind tractors. Motoblock. It is a universal mobile power tool for agricultural and other work. Its distinctive features include a gasoline or diesel engine, the presence of only one wheel axle (there are walk-behind tractors with an additional wheel), which drives the walk-behind tractor, and a large number of interchangeable attachments that make it possible to perform a wide variety of work.
Perhaps it makes sense to highlight another class of super-heavy motoblocks, where you can include cars with a capacity of over 10 hp, equipped with a seat and a third wheel. As a motor-block CROSSER CR-M12E with a power of 12 hp.
You can classify motoblocks by engine type. Gasoline or diesel. Their difference is due to the known differences between gasoline and diesel engines. The latter is more economical in terms of fuel consumption, produces more torque with the same power, is more durable and reliable. In turn, a gasoline engine is lighter, produces less noise, and contains much less soot in the exhaust.
Sometimes walk-behind tractors are divided into amateur and professional. The former include light vehicles with a capacity of 5.5-7 hp. With a gasoline engine. Professional models are heavy walk-behind tractors, equipped mainly with diesel engines.
Choosing a walk-behind tractor
The main selection criterion is the power of the walk-behind tractor. If it is purchased mainly for cultivating land, the selection should be based on the area of the cultivated area and the quality of the soil on it. You can often find such a ratio between the area of the site and the power of the walk-behind tractor for processing it.
|The size of the processed area, weave||Walk-behind tractor power, hp|
|up to 15||3.5|
|up to 60||4.0|
|up to 100 (1 ha)||5.0|
|up to 200 (2 ha)||6.0|
|up to 500 (5 ha)||9.0|
However, this data can be considered outdated. Buy a walk-behind tractor (not a motor-cultivator!) With a capacity of less than 5-6 hp. Impractical. And it’s impossible, because they are simply not on sale. And even if a walk-behind tractor with a power of 4 hp is encountered, for example, this power will clearly not be enough to process the soil with the required quality.
The most common are light motoblocks with a power of 6-6.5 hp. And weighing 60-80 kg. Such a walk-behind tractor is suitable if the size of the plot does not exceed 1-2 hectares, and the land on it is light enough, loosened by previous treatments. In heavy loamy soils, a 6 hp walk-behind tractor. At a plowing depth of 25-30 cm, the plow will not pull. We’ll have to reduce the plowing depth. If shallow plowing is not suitable for the owner of the site, he will have no choice but to choose a 7-8 hp walk-behind tractor. And weighing more than 100 kg.
The next criterion when choosing should be the name of the manufacturer. Reliable equipment is produced by European firms. German, Italian, English. Less reliable but cheaper. Domestic and Chinese. But there is a compromise option. On the Russian model, for example, an engine of a Japanese company is installed.
When buying, you must take into account the availability of service centers. In order to avoid problems with the repair and purchase of spare parts, preference should be given to those companies that have a well-developed service network.
When choosing a specific model, you need to pay attention to its functionality. The presence of a power take-off shaft or shafts, the number of gears, the presence of a differential, etc. If the technique is supposed to be often used when transporting goods over relatively long distances, you need to give preference to multi-speed models, which can reach speeds of over 30 km / h on a flat road.
When choosing a walk-behind tractor, you need to see what equipment is included in the basic configuration and which can be purchased for an additional fee.
Fuel consumption is not that critical. It is approximately the same for all manufacturers, and if it does differ, then this difference is not so big that it is worth paying attention to.
How to choose the right walk-behind tractor with attachments
The fastest apparatus is not always the best for a village or a summer residence, since other characteristics are more valuable for work. Power is key because it determines whether a given piece of land can be cultivated or not. This parameter is consistent with the area of cultivated land, with its hardness. It is far from always advisable to purchase the most powerful device. After all, it will spend more fuel at the same speed than the optimal device. The type of fuel used is equally important.
- Relatively quiet;
- Optimal for processing small plots of land;
- Run without unnecessary problems and are stable in operation.
But the larger the area that will have to be processed, the more practical the diesel engine turns out to be. It is much more reliable and wears out less. The mass of the walk-behind tractor is selected according to the complexity of the soil. If it is very difficult to cultivate, extremely light machines will not work, they will spend more effort on moving than on cultivation. There is a clear universal rule: the heavier the walk-behind tractor, the better the grip.
Much attention should be paid to the width of the cutter. It must strictly correspond to the aisles dividing the intended rows. Otherwise, either missing areas will remain, or individual plants will suffer. For plowing the land and other types of its processing, the following can be used:
- Normal and hilling plow;
- Potato digger;
- Potato planter;
It is very good if the set includes not a standard plow, but a rotary plow. It allows you to refuse to return to the beginning of the section after passing each row. After plowing, it is imperative to work the land with a harrow to improve the quality of the land. The disc harrow is much better than the tine type. Single-row hillers with a fixed width are installed on light motoblocks.
The standard delivery set usually includes universal cutters. But if the ground is hard and covered with dense thickets, you need a completely different cutter, which has received the common name “crow’s feet”. It also helps control soil-infesting pests. It is very good if the walk-behind tractor has a trailer connection.
It makes it easier to transport:
- Pet food;
- Fertilizers for plants;
- Seed material;
- Firewood and coal.
Many farmers prefer walk-behind trailers with a trailer adapter. This additive gives garden equipment the functionality of a miniature tractor. Adapters equipped with a steering wheel are noticeably more expensive, but the possibilities fully justify such an additional payment. After all, in fact, it turns out also a dump truck and a grader. For summer residents living on the site all year round, snow removal accessories are a useful addition.
Motoblocks with a trailer: rules of use, types and selection
Choosing a walk-behind tractor with a trailer is a very important matter, but this is not enough. It is equally important to understand the legal intricacies and nuances of using such a technique. After all, a rare owner of a “purely agricultural” vehicle is not interested in using it on main roads.
To find out whether you need a driver’s license for a walk-behind tractor or not, you need to answer the main, fundamental question. Whether it is a vehicle or not. Motoblocks were created in Switzerland, and in our country they began to be used since the 1980s. Years. The main tasks that they solve are:
- Sowing field work;
- Loosening the soil;
- Harvesting cereals and some other manipulations.
A feature of the walk-behind tractor is slow movement, so it can only handle small areas. Such equipment is not intended for driving on asphalt and concrete, dirt roads of public use. According to Russian law, a motorized unit (whether it is supplemented with a trailer or not) is not a legitimate vehicle. In addition to registering with the traffic police, he lacks:
- Light and signal headlights;
- Light indicator of turns.
How to use a walk-behind tractor
There are clear rules for the operation of this type of equipment, which are not recommended to be violated. Before starting the device, every time you need to check that everything is connected securely and does not jump to the side. Experienced farmers constantly monitor oil, fuel and refrigerant levels. Squeezing the clutch abruptly is not recommended.
Work extremely carefully on slopes. When driving with a trailer, you must only brake using the built-in trailer mechanisms. When turning or starting to move backwards when working in the field, raise any attachment. If the walk-behind tractor pulls to the side, it is necessary to check and pump up the wheels. When this does not work, a full repair must be carried out.
For information on how to attach a car trailer to a walk-behind tractor, see the following.
Required tools and materials
For high-quality performance of work on assembling the trailer, prepare the following tool:
- Welding machine;
- A grinder for cutting material with a set of cutting wheels;
- Tape measure and ruler, protractor and square;
- Marking tools (chalk, ink, marker);
- Percussion tool (hammer), chisel and pliers;
- Yew for fastening parts, clamps and clamps;
- Electric drill with a set of drills of various diameters for metal work;
- Equipment for installing rivets in the trailer body.
For the manufacture of the trailer frame, a square or rectangular metal profile, a steel pipe of a small diameter, corners, and a channel are used. The trailer pallet is a steel sheet up to 2 mm thick. Bolts, nuts and rivets are used to connect parts of the structure. Springs and a beam for attaching the wheelset are added to the trailer. Automobile wheels from Moskvich or Zhiguli are well suited as wheels.
It is made of a square tube that is cut into separate sections. The pipe sections are welded together, forming a frame with crossbars. Every corner is carefully measured. After the frame is ready, it is boiled again around the perimeter. The finished product is primed and painted with paint and varnish material.
The trailer should not be overloaded, otherwise it will quickly become unusable. The service life of the entire structure depends on the quality of the frame element. Therefore, before starting work, it is necessary to determine what maximum load the hitch will carry and for what purposes it will be used.
There are three main trailer models:
- Easy. Designed for a load of no more than 70 kg. This is usually a lightweight trolley with one axle on which the driver’s seat is mounted. A trailer for transportation of goods is welded to the axle.
- Universal. It can transport small loads already up to 120 kg over rough terrain. For greater strength, an I-beam is used as a material for the manufacture of the frame.
- Heavy. In these instances, a metal profile and elements of a rubber-tracked automobile chassis are used. Heavy trailer options are more reliable and durable, although slightly more expensive than other designs.
Some craftsmen make a dump trailer for a walk-behind tractor. In work, it resembles the body of a cargo dump truck, but in order to make such a structure with your own hands, you need to clearly adhere to all dimensions of the drawing. There are no typical sizes for a trailer, the main thing is that it is not too wide and that it maneuvers comfortably, moving behind the walk-behind tractor.
Do-it-yourself hitch for a walk-behind tractor
Auto mechanic specializing in agricultural machinery
A walk-behind tractor on the farm is a pretty useful thing. It becomes even a great helper if it is equipped with a trailer in which you can transport various things, tools and materials. Some motoblock models on the market do not meet the buyer’s requirements. By purchasing such a powerful assistant, their owners plan in advance to start making an additional hitch to the walk-behind tractor on their own.
Such attachments save costs to a large extent, rather than buying a finished product. So, how to make a trailer for a walk-behind tractor with your own hands?
The drawbar is a system of welded pipes that are connected to the side members of the trailer. In the place where the pipes come off, a coupling device is installed in front. The connection should be simple, strong and provide easy rotation of the trailer cart behind the walk-behind tractor. Often, for such a coupling, a standard mechanism of factory trailers for car tow bars is used.
To hitch a walk-behind tractor trailer with your own hands, you need:
- At the junction of the drawbar pipes, a section of a fortieth pipe 10 centimeters long is welded.
- Two bearings are installed inside the pipe.
- A washer is installed on the pipe from the side of the trailer trolley, into which the axle of the trailer device with a threaded thread will subsequently be inserted.
- The hitch is made from a piece of square pipe. A through hole is drilled through two opposite surfaces with a diameter corresponding to the fixing pin.
- The square pipe can be additionally reinforced with a sheet of metal, the edges of the pipe are bent.
This system reliably provides structural stability and ease of operation. With the help of a hitch, the trolley of the walk-behind tractor can be adapted as a light car trailer.
Body shell skin
On the base (platform) of the trailer, vertical posts are installed, to which the sides are welded. It is worth noting that the front and side boards are made non-removable, and the tailgate is fixed on hinges for further opening and closing in the event of the need to load various oversized cargo. The body elements are a frame structure made up of metal corners. They are butt welded to each other, and the seams are cleaned.
Board assembly stages:
- Frames of each side are prepared separately;
- Take a sheet of galvanized sheet and transfer the dimensions of the sides to it;
- The side is cut to size.
A bottom made of 2 mm metal sheet is laid on the frame of the hitch and welded along the entire perimeter. The distance between the welding points is approximately 4-6 centimeters. The installation procedure begins with the front side, then the side ones, tightly tying them to the front. The tailgate is fixed in loops mounted on the trailer frame.
The design of the trailed part of the walk-behind tractor itself is not particularly difficult, but the undercarriage is a completely different matter. It is based on a beam, at the ends of which the hubs are located. The channel is welded together so that a square is obtained. The weld is made solid for structural strength. The hubs are welded onto the lower part of the square (beam), the wheels for the trailer are put on the walk-behind tractor and their parallelism is checked. If the condition is met, then the structure is welded correctly.
The beam and the frame of the trailer are connected by means of springs installed in special brackets on the frame, previously provided in the diagram. The entire structure of the assembled trailer is checked for stability, it must not tip over.
In order for the trailer not to accidentally roll on a slope and stand firmly on the road, a simple brake system is provided for it. How to make brakes on a trailer for a walk-behind tractor? It is best to use a parking structure from a car or motorcycle and secure the mechanism near the driver’s seat with bolts.
As with any vehicle, the braking system is one of the road safety factors. You can make brakes yourself by using a cable, traction and a drum:
- A drum is attached to the hub of one of the wheels.
- Take a brake disc and weld a small piece of pipe to it.
- Put the mechanism on the axle.
- The brake pads are fixed with a cable to the axle, the cable is pulled to the lever near the driver’s seat.
Brakes are usually not installed on two wheels. One parking brake is also enough for a trailer to a walk-behind tractor.
Making a trailer for a walk-behind tractor with your own hands
So, first, let’s look at how to make the simplest walk-behind tractor with a trailer. You will need steel pipes, wheels, springs, sheet of metal, channel “five”, fasteners. Of course, you need to have some tools, welding and be able to use all of this.
The frame will be in one piece. It will be mounted on the wireframe mesh. For this, we make traverses from the corners. We make spars from pipes. They are connected with crossbars so that a lattice is obtained.
We weld racks to longitudinal pipes by welding. A harness from the corner will be installed at the top. You can also make the sides of the trailer, which will fold back. Let’s create a platform using a duralumin sheet. For the sides, thinner sheets can be used.
To create a beam, you need to connect two channels. There will be a wheel axle at one end.
The resulting beam will be connected by springs to the spars. The ends of the spring are put on the shackle axle. We will make a drawbar from rectangular pipes. If desired, the trailer can even be equipped with side lights, headlights.
DIY trailers for a walk-behind tractor,
It must be said that a walk-behind tractor on the site is a necessary country equipment that can be used for any work: plowing a garden, transferring crops, seedlings, and so on. In order to be able to transport even more content on a walk-behind tractor, you need to start making an independent trailer for a walk-behind tractor.
Homemade trailer for a walk-behind tractor,
And now we will tell you how to make a trailer with great functionality. It is worth saying that it is best to carry out all the work on the basis of pre-prepared drawings. Once the size of the trailer is determined, you can start counting materials. This work is very important, since a significant amount of money will be saved. It is imperative to find a welding machine, since self-tapping screws alone will not be able to ensure the strength of the product.
In order to create a solid frame, you will need profile corners. We also take rectangular pipes of square or rectangular cross-section. In order to make a body, we use inch boards and racks.
Note that the created structure will have one axis. Therefore, in order to properly distribute the load, it must be placed closer to the center of the axle, and not towards the drawbar. However, the folding sides cannot be made. But with a strong desire, you can make drop sides.
The chassis is the main part in the trailer, which will be attached to the walk-behind tractor. In order not to think about where to find wheels or how to make them, we simply buy ready-made wheels from other small equipment. A console is made to connect the walk-behind tractor and the trailer. It is attached to the hinged system bracket. The drawbar is inserted into a tubular body and secured with a thrust ring. This will allow you to easily manage the created technique on all types of surfaces.
In the front of the trailer, a seat is made on the walk-behind tractor, on which the driver will sit, rest his feet on a specially made platform and guide the ride.
See: cargo trailer. Do-it-yourself dump truck for a walk-behind tractor