How to cut a csp board without chips

How to cut laminated chipboard, chipboard without chips? How to repair chips after cutting?

When making furniture, you have to saw chipboard. Chipboard does not like this very much. crumbles. Chips are formed along the edge. How to cut chipboard without chips or repair chips? (ten)

Please tell me how to cut laminated chipboard, chipboard without chips?

When making furniture, you have to saw chipboard. Chipboard does not like this very much. crumbles. Chips are formed along the edge. How to cut chipboard without chips or repair chips?

Unfortunately, I have never been able to beautifully patch up the chips after cutting along the edge of the chipboard. Of course, if the laminated chipboard is planned for painting, then the edge can be putty, sanded, the slab itself can be covered with alkyd primer, the edge can be glued with a construction bandage with access to the laminated surfaces from the edge, the construction bandage can be patched, sanded and painted. This will create a perfect edge. about edging chipboard for painting

But if you plan to use laminated chipboard completely, then this method is not suitable. It is necessary to cut so that there are no chips. Sawing so that there are no chips, without special equipment is quite difficult. The circular saw not only crumbles the edge, but can split the laminate up to half a meter along the slab. And any other tool gives an edge even worse.

Rumor has it that chipboard can be cut without chipping with a hacksaw for metal with a very fine tooth, or even a jigsaw with a file for metal with a very fine tooth. But it doesn’t work out for me.

I saw chipboard, if I need to get a good edge, like this: I lead the mowing line along which the cut will go. I put a metal ruler along the mowing line. I secure it with clamps. I cut through the laminate with a cutter along the lines of the intended cut. The cut is made quite deep and wide (slightly wider than a hacksaw or circular disk). I run the cutter along the iron ruler several times until I cut through the entire coating. I do it from both sides. It is very important to mark up correctly so that the markings on the top and the markings on the bottom coincide. After that, I already saw, usually with a hand hacksaw on wood. But I already got used to getting into the slot and with a circular.

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Features and recommendations

Experts and connoisseurs advise doing this kind of work with electric jigsaws just because an ordinary hand hacksaw is too rough. It does not allow you to cut the material straight enough. The correct sequence of steps is as follows:

preparation of tools (ruler, jigsaw, measuring tape, awl or other sharp device for drawing on chipboard);

addition of these tools (if necessary) with a square for laying right angles;

measuring the desired part (with a reserve of 0.2 cm so that you can fit);

drawing a line along the ruler;

actually, the cut along the laid mowing line;

finalization of the saw cut with sandpaper;

with very poor quality of the end. rubbing it with a fine, similar in tonality to chipboard.

How to cut a chipboard with a jigsaw without chips?

Laminated chipboard is one of the most widespread materials used in the independent manufacture of furniture. You can talk about its advantages and disadvantages for a long time. But it is much more important to learn how to cut chipboard with a jigsaw without chips.

What else do you need to know?

When it is planned to saw off everything without chips on one side, it is permissible to use saws with both upper and lower teeth. Most craftsmen prefer small, straight-toothed files. Such devices chip less material, but at the same time they work pretty well. After the saw cut, it is best to process the ends with emery stretched over even bars. If there is no ready-made crayon of a suitable color, you can mix different crayons, like paints in the artist’s palette, and get a new color.

For processing laminated panels, Hardwood saws are intended (they are also useful, we note, when processing hardwood).

Some inscriptions indicate in which mode the tool works optimally:

basic. a simple blade that allows you to make a high quality clean cut;

speed. a device whose teeth are set apart (this allows you to cut faster);

clean. a canvas that has not been diluted (usually gives the cleanest cut).

If the workpiece is relatively thick, preferably a saw blade with large incisors that have not been set, then there will be minimal deviation from the vertical. The longitudinal (in relation to the fibers) cut is most often made with helical saws. For a transverse, a straight blade is better. When you plan to make a blank for furniture, it is advisable to choose a less productive, but more accurate tool. Since most of the saws now produced cut the material when retracted, the workpiece will need to be processed from the inside out.

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Completing of the work

When the file is selected, it is also necessary to properly saw the laminated board at home. Experts recommend sawing along a guide (a rail clamped in clamps is also suitable). If you use a new, unworn blade, you can cut the chipboard as cleanly as you would with a circular saw. It is advisable to turn on the jigsaw at the lowest speed possible. This will significantly increase the resource of each file used.

Tips & Tricks: Cutting Chipboard

The canvases themselves are placed at right angles to the sole of the jigsaw. The easiest way to adjust the angle is with a square or protractor. Important: the straight line passing through the cutting edge of the tool must be parallel to the rigidly fixed part of the jigsaw. It is recommended to use special inserts to reduce the chance of splitting. But in order for them to work more efficiently, they usually cut the laminated layer on the side where the blade will come out.

For information on how to saw chipboard with a jigsaw without chips, see the next video.

A circular saw

You will need a fine-toothed saw blade. With this method, long, straight cuts will be more successful than with a jigsaw. There will be no chipping on the side where the teeth cut into the plate. If they appear, then from the opposite side, as in the case of a jigsaw.

The use of guides increases the accuracy of the cut. At the same time, it is better to fix the saw on the table.

Methods for cutting chipboard without chips

You can saw on a panel saw. But his. If you need to cut the chipboard to make several pieces of furniture for yourself, other methods are more suitable.

Manufacturing

Manufacturing begins with the main components and ends with smaller ones.

Stages of making a machine for cutting chipboard with your own hands:

  • Manufacturing of the bed. You will need square or round pipes. They are cut and fastened to each other with clamps. After checking the dimensions and correct positioning of the components. welding.
  • Manufacturing of a movable carriage. Install guides, best of all, a beam or two circular pipes connected to each other. The carriage must be equipped with rollers for smooth sliding.
  • Making a desktop. The base is made of steel sheet with a thickness of at least three millimeters, the working surface is made of chipboard sheet, measuring rulers are attached to it.
  • Production of clamps for sheets, for example, from a lever mechanism of any configuration.
  • At the end, the cutting unit is connected to the chip suction.

The quality of finished products produced on our own machines is higher than that of products created entirely by hand tools, but still lower than on industrial machines.

Scratch

It is necessary to scratch the marking line along the ruler with an awl or a nail to the thickness of the laminated coating. Saw along this mowing line, making sure that the edges of the saw teeth hit exactly the scratch. You can cut with a jigsaw or a hand hacksaw.

Chipboard without chips with a hand router.

Before processing furniture parts with a milling cutter, it is necessary to cut them out with a margin of 3-5 millimeters on each side to be processed. Unlike previous sawing methods, the hand router leaves behind a perfect surface. Chipping after such processing is a rarity and at the same time, it turns out, maintain the perpendicularity of the cut. Until now, we have considered only straight sawing, but when it comes to sawing various kinds of circles and rounds, then there is no alternative to a jigsaw and a router. The disadvantages of using a router include the need for skills in working with it. We will talk about them in other articles.

Particleboard (chipboard), and nowadays, mainly laminated (chipboard), is one of the main materials for making affordable furniture in a home workshop. This board is made of coniferous and deciduous wood materials, therefore it has such qualities as strength and ease of processing. But with an incorrect cut, this material may chip. Therefore, before making furniture, you should find out how to properly cut chipboard.

For this purpose, you can even assemble industrial equipment yourself. a cutting machine.

What disc to cut chipboard without chips

Before talking about the absence of chips when cutting chipboard and deciding what to cut, let’s define what it means without chips? Each in his own way relates to their number after cutting, someone has a lot of one, and someone a dozen just right. Therefore, let’s consider not one, but three types of chipboard cutting available at home, from which you yourself can choose the most suitable one. For obvious reasons, we will not consider the use of expensive equipment designed for sawing laminated chipboard, this is the lot of professionals. We are still lovers of furniture, and therefore we will use the appropriate tool. There are three parts in the photo, the upper one was sawn with an electric jigsaw, the middle one was sawn with a hand circular saw (parquet flooring), and the bottom one was also sawed off with a hand circular saw, but then processed with a hand mill. Of course, in each case, you can achieve different results, it’s all about experience and skill. But in general, the capabilities of the equipment under consideration give approximately the same results for chips on laminated chipboard.

board, chips

How to make a machine with your own hands

When using a panel saw, you can get high quality furniture parts. This is due to the high precision of the production process, including cutting. Therefore, if it is difficult to purchase ready-made equipment, but you really want to start a chipboard processing business, you can assemble the machine yourself.

Design

The most popular models are Mj 45kb-2, JTS-315SP SM, Woodtec ps 45, Altendorf F 45. Despite their different features, they have a common design.

Mandatory components of a cutting machine:

  • The bed is the basis on which all mechanisms are attached. Heavy beds eliminate vibrations and vibrations, which is essential for accurate cutting.
  • Sawing unit consisting of two discs. The first disc is located in front of the unit and serves for preliminary sawing of the workpiece. The second is for a complete sawing of the slab.
  • Three desktops. The first is motionless, with a node on it. The second, formatted, is movable, on which the plate is fed to the disc. The third supports the sawn-off parts.
  • Carriage. part that allows the formatting table to move.
  • Stops and rulers that secure the workpiece in the desired position.

Depending on the model, price and cutting features, machines may have different design nuances.

Additional components of the machine:

  • a branch pipe that removes shavings and sawdust, and connects the dust removal system;
  • clamps for secure fixing of the workpiece on the table;
  • a rotary ruler and corner stops, with the help of which the cut is made at the desired angle and without marking;
  • frame with a persistent foot for cutting long workpieces;
  • ball and roller carriages.

The first sliding carriage sizing machine was assembled in 1906 by the German carpenter Wilhelm Altendorf.

Design

The most popular models are Mj 45kb-2, JTS-315SP SM, Woodtec ps 45, Altendorf F 45. Despite their different features, they have a common design.

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Mandatory components of a cutting machine:

  • The bed is the basis on which all mechanisms are attached. Heavy beds eliminate vibrations and vibrations, which is essential for accurate cutting.
  • Sawing unit consisting of two discs. The first disc is located in front of the unit and serves for preliminary sawing of the workpiece. The second is for complete sawing of the slab.
  • Three desktops. The first is motionless, with a node on it. The second, formatted, is movable, on which the plate is fed to the disc. The third supports the sawn-off parts.
  • Carriage. part that allows the formatting table to move.
  • Stops and rulers that secure the workpiece in the desired position.

Depending on the model, price and cutting features, machines may have different design nuances.

Additional components of the machine:

  • a branch pipe that removes shavings and sawdust, and connects the dust removal system;
  • clamps for secure fixing of the workpiece on the table;
  • a rotary ruler and corner stops, with the help of which the cut is made at the desired angle and without marking;
  • frame with a persistent foot for cutting long workpieces;
  • ball and roller carriages.

The first sliding carriage sizing machine was assembled in 1906 by the German carpenter Wilhelm Altendorf.

How to cut melamine without chipping. (On a benchtop saw) 2020

A circular saw

You will need a fine-toothed saw blade. With this method, long, straight cuts will be more successful than with a jigsaw. There will be no chipping on the side where the teeth cut into the plate. If they appear, then from the opposite side, as in the case of a jigsaw.

The use of guides increases the accuracy of the cut. At the same time, it is better to fix the saw on the table.

Fraser

In this case, you should first cut the workpiece with a jigsaw, retreating from the marking mowing line by 2-3 mm, and then align the line according to the template. The cutter must be with a bearing. With this method, you can cut and curvilinear.

Correct sawing of chipboard: sawing chipboard without chips, do-it-yourself machine

Particleboard (chipboard), and nowadays, mainly laminated (chipboard), is one of the main materials for making affordable furniture in a home workshop. This board is made of coniferous and deciduous wood materials, therefore it has such qualities as strength and ease of processing. But with an incorrect cut, this material may chip. Therefore, before making furniture, you should find out how to properly cut chipboard.

For this purpose, you can even assemble industrial equipment yourself. a cutting machine.

  • Sawing rules
  • What can not be sawed
  • Methods for cutting chipboard without chips
  • Scratch
  • Jigsaw
  • A circular saw
  • Undercut sawing
  • Fraser
  • Sawing with a panel saw
  • Design
  • How to make a machine with your own hands
  • Required tools and materials
  • Manufacturing
  • Video about cutting chipboard without chips

Methods for cutting chipboard without chips

You can saw on a panel saw. But his. If you need to cut the chipboard to make several pieces of furniture for yourself, other methods are more suitable.

What can not be sawed

Chipboard cannot be sawed with an angle grinder, which is also called an “angle grinder”. When working with this tool, there is a high probability of injury, especially when using large diameter discs. You can also get injured when the protective cover is removed from the tool.

Required tools and materials

The saw unit of the machine is most often a welded structure, since it most effectively resists vibration.

board, chips
  • welding machine;
  • “Angle grinder” with a disc for metal;
  • electric drill;
  • measuring tool.

In order for the equipment to work for several years, it is better to choose those materials for its manufacture that have been subjected to heat treatment.

  • square or round pipes;
  • a beam or two pipes of circular cross-section, interconnected;
  • rollers;
  • steel sheet with a thickness of at least three millimeters;
  • chipboard sheet;
  • linkage of any configuration.

Jigsaw

Suitable for cutting a small area. The saw should be with the smallest tooth size. You need to move the jigsaw smoothly, without pressure, set the speed slightly above average.

On the side where the teeth enter the plate, there will be practically no chips, and on the opposite side, with insufficient experience, they will appear, but in a small amount.

How to cut porcelain stoneware tiles with a tile cutter

A tabletop or floor device for cutting all types of tiles is a small frame with rails installed at the top and a carriage with a carbide head. The carriage is driven by a lever or electric drive. Simple and convenient mechanism at home.

At home, the tile cutter turns out to be the most affordable tool for cutting porcelain stoneware.

Before cutting the porcelain stoneware, the tiles are laid on the frame and fixed with plastic or metal stops. This is to ensure that the material does not shift during the cut. Next, we bring the head to the edge of the tile until it touches and push the lever away from you, the carriage with a diamond or carbide tip evenly passes over the surface of the tile, leaving a deep scratch behind.

It remains only to break the porcelain stoneware into two parts with a slight but sharp movement. One of the ways to cut porcelain stoneware with a manual tile cutter is shown on

  • It is very easy and comfortable to cut porcelain stoneware at home, you can master the cutting technique even with minimal experience and qualifications;
  • A minimum amount of dust is formed, which is very valuable at home, especially if you plan to lay porcelain stoneware tiles on a small area of ​​the floor or wall.

An electric tile cutter resembles a circular saw for processing and sawing wood in its structure. In order to cut porcelain stoneware, you just need to set the size of the cut strip, after which you can cut in unlimited quantities.

Home compact version of the electric tile cutter

The disadvantages of the device include the fact that only material of a certain shape and size can be cut, for example, it is very difficult to cut a thin strip of porcelain stoneware or make an incision of a non-standard, curved shape.

A thin strip of porcelain stoneware is easier to cut with an angle grinder

Water cutting of porcelain stoneware

The most efficient and at the same time accurate method of sawing very hard natural and artificial granites is considered to be the waterjet system. It allows you to cut out entire designs and 3D images. The system is powerful enough to cut porcelain stoneware up to 200 mm thick. At home, such equipment is not used for obvious reasons.

Cutting using water can be done on a hydromechanical machine. The use of water or water emulsion can significantly reduce the heating temperature of the tool and the porcelain stoneware itself. The result is less wear and better surface quality. The emulsion is applied to the edge of the wheel, but not to the surface of the ceramic.

The diamond wheel, mounted on the rotor of the motor, is fed along the guides of the machine along the surface of the porcelain stoneware, the coolant is supplied from a special reservoir directly to the cutting zone. This method is considered the most harmless, since almost all dust is washed off with water and removed from the surface of porcelain stoneware. It is clear that you can cut the material in this way if you can find a separate room at home, for example, in a garage or in a barn.

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Such machines have very high characteristics and cutting speed, therefore, if you plan to cut porcelain stoneware of complex shapes and sizes at home, then using a hydromechanical machine will be the best option.

Professional advice

Oddly enough, but the greatest number of problems arise not even with the drive or the tool used to process porcelain stoneware, but directly with the diamond disc. The main complaint about the diamond is the rapid loss of cutting ability. As a result, with an increase in feed and force, the edge of the wheel heats up and begins to lose diamond powder. If you try to cut at home in this mode for at least 10-20 seconds, then nothing will remain of an expensive disc.

In this case, before each cut, the edge is cleaned and restored; at home, this can be done on an ordinary red brick by performing several small cuts. This removes soft material adhering to the diamond strip.

Experienced craftsmen, before cutting porcelain stoneware tiles, soak the material in water for 10-15 minutes. Artificial granite absorbs moisture very poorly, but a small amount of water still remains on the edge of the slab. As a result, the first time the cutting edge touches the surface, a beautiful, chip-free entry hole is guaranteed.

How to cut porcelain stoneware with a circular saw

Porcelain stoneware tiles can be cut and cut without any problems using a more powerful cutting tool, such as a hand-held circular saw. Engine speed and power allow you to cut almost everything at home, from wood to metal profiles.

board, chips

In order to cut porcelain stoneware, the tool must be equipped with:

  • First, a standard carbide-tipped saw blade must be replaced with a diamond disc;
  • Secondly, a bandage ring is placed under the disk fastening, thanks to which it is possible to damp vibrations and uncontrolled bending of a thin and flexible diamond wheel.

Alteration of a saw for porcelain stoneware

The process of sawing material is not much different from working on an electric tile cutter, the only difference is that the engine power is noticeably higher. Therefore, you need to carefully control the supply of the diamond wheel with minimal effort, otherwise the porcelain stoneware quickly overheats and cracks.

If you want to cut large quantities of porcelain stoneware, then there is no better option than an electric machine.

This method of sawing porcelain stoneware is considered the most productive, but at home it is used for short-term cutting of a small amount of material. You can work only in the yard, in the garage, in the barn, but in no case inside the dwelling. The amount of dust that is generated when cutting even a small amount of material is about an order of magnitude higher than all other cutting methods. The only indisputable advantage of this option is that with the help of a circular and a diamond wheel, you can cut porcelain stoneware at 45 degrees.

How to cut porcelain stoneware with a glass cutter

The technology of cutting tile material using a manual glass cutter is not much different from the previous method. The only differences are that instead of a carriage moving along the guides, you have to cut porcelain stoneware with a small tool held in your hand.

In fact, this is ideal if you want to cut material at home. Instead of a frame fixture, a regular table, a metal ruler and the glass cutter itself are used. To cut the porcelain stoneware, it is enough to lay a ruler on the mowing line of the marking and draw a diamond along the mowing line of the cut.

To break the material, the tiles are laid on the table so that the scratch line coincides with the edge of the tabletop, pressed on top with a board and with a sharp movement break the material into two halves. For home conditions, there is no simpler way, but in order to master the technique, you need to practice cutting on the waste of porcelain stoneware or glass.

The advantage of this method is the simplicity and the minimum amount of equipment required. It is easier to store a manual glass cutter with a diamond at home than a tile cutter. The disadvantage of this method is that it is necessary to learn how to draw a line with a diamond along the markings at a constant speed, and the main thing is to do it continuously, in one motion, while accurately measuring the force applied to the surface of porcelain stoneware.

In addition, it is very difficult to cut material with a glass cutter without chips, therefore, if possible, it is best to use a diamond rather than a carbide roller.

Cutting porcelain stoneware tiles at home

Anyone who prefers to make repairs or do small jobs with their own hands must have had to cut porcelain stoneware at home. In the first trials, cutting of porcelain stoneware tiles is more difficult than in the case of cutting tiles. It turns out a lot of scrap, but in general, the process itself is not much different from working with high-quality ceramic tiles.

How to reduce Splintering while cutting melamine wood with a Jigsaw (Duct Tape)

The cutting line should be marked with an allowance for finishing.

Features of cutting porcelain stoneware

It should be noted that cutting a very dense and hard porcelain stoneware slab is sometimes even easier at home than in the case of ceramic tiles. Those who don’t believe can try to cut overheated ceramics made on old Soviet or Chinese equipment at home. In comparison, cutting porcelain tiles does not look so problematic.

It is quite possible to cut porcelain stoneware without chips, although some masters argue that it is impossible to achieve this in principle. If this were indeed the case, then most of the walls and steps tiled with porcelain stoneware tiles would be with wide seams, curves and unattractive.

It’s not even about the hardness of porcelain stoneware. The technology for the manufacture of artificial granite is such that as a result of pressing and deep firing, material is obtained practically without internal stresses, and this is the guarantee of high quality mowing line sawing.

In order to accurately and accurately cut porcelain stoneware at home, only two conditions must be met:

  • Choose the right cutting mode, ensure constant and uniform pressure with the cutting tool on the line of the cut of porcelain stoneware;
  • Choose the right tool for your specific cutting conditions.

It is clear that at home the possibilities of cutting the material are significantly limited, but even in an apartment it is quite possible to cut porcelain stoneware without a tile cutter, although initially the amount of dust generated when working with electric machines is frightening.