How to cut a large tree correctly

With a guy

To fell a tree on your own in this way, you need to prepare a guy. To make it, you can use a rope, a winch and some kind of stretching element, for example, a spring or a rubber band.

large, tree, correctly

The stretching force should be 10–20 kg per meter of barrel length, and the difference in compressed and stretched states should be 30–50 cm per meter of barrel length, this will allow even without helpers to lay the barrel as accurately as possible in the chosen direction.

Such a retraction not only prevents the barrel from moving to the side, but also corrects its direction at the beginning of the movement, giving it additional acceleration. It is attached either to a steel pin driven into the ground, or to a nearby strong tree.

If it is not possible to drive a pin into the ground or tie a rope to a tree, then a parked car or an anchor driven into a solid wall can be used as a support.

Safety engineering

In order for a tree to be cut down safely, the following rules must be observed:

  • Use shoes with thick, ribbed soles. these will provide more reliable grip on the ground and tree trunk, and will also allow you to stand confidently on stairs or any ledges.
  • Use a suitable shirt or jacket with long, buttoned sleeves and not too tight-fitting pants that are tucked into boots or tied like a sleeve. Before getting started, you need to fasten your clothes with all buttons and make sure that nothing dangles anywhere, otherwise it can be pulled under the chainsaw chain, which will lead to serious injuries.
  • When working with a chainsaw, you must wear protective goggles or a transparent visor, thanks to which unsuccessfully flying chips or sawdust will not get into your eyes.
  • On the eve and during cutting, do not take narcotic, psychotropic or alcohol-containing drugs, because they slow down the reaction and disrupt the coordination of movements. In addition, many of them reduce the adequacy, therefore, under their influence, it is difficult to correctly assess the condition of the tree and choose the right felling method.
  • Do not start work if there is even a slight discomfort, because in this state, reactions slow down, and attention is scattered.
  • When cutting branches, it is necessary to stand so as not to be on the cut off area. Before cutting off a branch or a piece of the trunk, it is necessary to calculate the trajectory of the segment several times, and those on the ground take a safe place in advance.
  • If it is necessary to move up, then the insurance must be fastened in two places. This will allow, even when transferring the attachment point of the belay to a higher section, not to remain unprotected.
  • Regardless of the difficulty of felling a tree, you cannot do this work alone. In case of injury or any abnormal development of the situation, Partner will be able to provide first aid or call for help.
  • If the wind speed exceeds 2 m / s, then large trees cannot be felled entirely, but if it exceeds 5 m / s, then no work related to lifting to a height can be performed. Even small trees must not be cut at a wind speed of 8 m / s or more.
  • Trees must not be cut down during a change in weather or rain. In the first case, there is a high probability of a sudden appearance of wind gusts, and in the second, the soil and surface of the tree become more slippery.
  • You cannot perform any work in the dark, because it is necessary to clearly see both the overall picture and every single detail.
  • Before cutting, it is necessary to notify everyone who lives in houses near the place of work, so that none of them accidentally ends up in the danger zone.
  • Do not use a chainsaw with a blunt chain; one-sided damage to the chain is especially dangerous. In this case, the tool will not cut straight, but deviate towards sharper teeth. with a high degree of probability, this will change the direction of falling of the branch or trunk, as well as their behavior at the time of separation.

The following video will also show you how to properly and safely cut wood with a chainsaw and a felling shovel:

The third shows how a guyed tree is removed:

We have also prepared a video showing how not to do it, and what can happen if the trees are cut down incorrectly.

The first of them is a selection from all over the world of unsuccessful attempts to cut and fell trees, which led to various kinds of troubles:

The second video in this series is also examples of accidents. They remind us once again that cutting down trees is a serious job that requires the strictest adherence to safety precautions and attention to even the smallest details.

Violations, negligence and inaccurate assessment of the situation can lead to serious consequences:

What can not be sawed?

For cutting trees, you cannot use:

  • angle grinder (angle grinder, angle grinder);
  • hand-held circular saw;
  • hacksaw for metal.

With hanging

This method is rarely used when cutting down a tree by yourself, because it is necessary to fix the curtain at least at the top of the tree, which means that this requires at least 2 supports of the corresponding height.

It is undesirable to use the trunk of a tree as a support, because when all the branches are cut and lowered, you will have to cut off a piece of the trunk, but it will be possible to hang it only in the area located below, and this will lead to strong swinging of the cut fragment after the discharge.

Such a swaying fragment can knock a person down or knock over a ladder. Professional arborists often use this method, but they know how to cut trunks and branches so that, even being suspended from the lower section of the trunk, they do not harm them.

Therefore, where it is not possible to pull the rope between supports not tied to the tree, it is better to use other methods of felling the tree or call arborists.

Equipment

The main tool required for any method of cutting wood is a chainsaw.

large, tree, correctly

If not, you can use

  • ax;
  • two-handed saw;
  • hand saw (coarse-toothed hacksaw for wood).

In no case should you use an angle grinder (angle grinder) and any discs, because the tree will clamp the disc, after which the tool will tear out of your hands, and given the huge rotation speed of the disc and the high power of the motor, serious injuries are possible. Also, do not use a hacksaw for metal, because its shape and canvas are not intended for such work.

Without a chainsaw, the felling process will require much more effort, and the likelihood of errors will also increase.

In addition, shoes with hard non-slip soles and clothing made of durable fabric are required. A rope will also be very useful, because it can be used to prevent the trunk from falling in the most undesirable direction.

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For cutting a tree with a guy, a winch and door springs are useful, which can be replaced with a rubber band or a tube.

You will also need a mounting belt or climbing harness, and the latter is preferable, because it will more gently stop the body when falling.

We recommend not to get involved with self-removal of trees for those who do not know how to confidently use an ax and a chainsaw, because you will not only have to cut wood, but cut pieces of a certain shape.

In addition, it is necessary, at least in theory, to understand how parts of wood behave after sawing.

Otherwise, there is a high probability that the branch or trunk will begin to fall in the wrong direction due to the wrong location or cutting angle.

There is also a high probability of jamming and damage to the saw, because the trunk at the cut point is a lever that creates tremendous pressure on the working tool.

For cutting with dropping or hanging, it is necessary to be able to knot and use climbing or assembly belay.

In addition, experience in climbing trees is very necessary, because you will not only have to climb on them or move along the thickest branches, but also carry a bulky heavy tool with you.

Piece by piece with dropping

This method is used to remove trees with a height of 3-6 m.

If they are higher, then it is better to entrust their cutting to professionals.

Large Tree Pruning

If the tree has a dense crown, then first you need to cut thin and medium branches from the ground, then, by attaching a ladder to the tree, cut down the higher branches.

When the trunk is cleared of all small and medium branches, you can start cutting the thickest ones. This procedure will allow you to work in comfortable conditions, because thin branches will not interfere with cutting the rest.

You need to cut off thick branches so that there are convenient platforms with which you can move around the tree. Only after removing all the branches, you can start sawing the trunk, from which pieces of 100-150 cm are cut.

Cutting off the trunk with longer pieces is undesirable, because the longer they are, the harder it is to direct them in the right direction, standing on a ladder or on a branch of the trunk.

Is it possible to cut an oak on your site?

If the trees are outside the territory of the site, then it is really impossible to cut them down yourself, without coordinating this with anyone If they remove the trees themselves without permission, they will have to pay a fine, as well as compensate for the damage caused to the environment. According to paragraph 1 of Art.

How far from the fence can you cut trees?

Tall trees, which usually include trees with a height of more than three meters, according to the norms should be at a distance of at least four meters from the border of the site. Between the trunks of medium-sized trees (less than three meters) and the fence, the distance should be at least two meters.

Is it possible to cut an apple tree on your site?

A dying apple tree can be cut down, but an outsider must do it. You can invite a neighbor or relative, hire a worker. The main thing is that those who live in the house or work in their summer cottage should not cut down the tree.

Is it possible to cut a tree in the courtyard of a private house?

When you can cut it yourself

This is only possible if you want to cut a tree in a private house But if another tree is located on the territory of your site, which was located there even before the development of the site itself, in order to cut it down, you will need to ask permission.

Where to go to cut a tree in the yard?

If you need to cut a tree in the local area, you must contact the management company. You need to send a statement to the address of the Criminal Code, which indicates the address of the house and apartment, full name, reasons why you want to cut down or cut down a specific tree.

How to cut a tree in parts correctly?

If you need to cut down a tree in parts, the crown is thinned out without fail. Go from the bottom up. so the cut branches will fall freely, without getting tangled in the already sawn-off lower ones. Tie a rope to control the height of the fall 1 m from the tree trunk. When pruning branches, leave knots up to 30 cm.

Is it possible to cut a tree near your house?

It is illegal to cut trees in the courtyard of a residential building without a permit According to the Kirov Rules for External Improvement, cutting down of green spaces occurs only after receiving a felling ticket from the city commission. a special document giving permission for cutting, pruning and planting trees.

How to cut a tree in front of a house?

in order to cut a tree, you need to write an application to the condominium or the management company responsible for your house. it will be considered from 10 days to a month, after which you will be sent an official response.

Wood sawing tools

First of all, you will need an assistant (s) and the following tool:

  • chainsaw;
  • ax;
  • cable (ropes);
  • jack;
  • thrust pole.

How to cut a large tree correctly

What you need to know first?

There are a range of factors that influence the correct felling. The most important conditions are divided into two categories: the technical component of the process and ensuring the safety of all persons involved.

The technical side of the issue usually requires an immediate solution even when choosing a chainsaw, since each model is designed only for a certain thickness, density and structure of the wood mass. Sawing is usually quite slow. Acceleration is possible only when working with a well-leaning tree or thin trunks (you can even use a mini chainsaw for this). Usually, such plants are not of great value, therefore they are very rarely cut down.

It is necessary to take into account the thickness of the tree in advance, comparing with the selected model of chainsaw (see the rating of the best chainsaws). The device should be optimally suited to a specific power goal. If the length of the tire of the device does not exceed 35 cm, then the maximum diameter of the tree trunk with which the work is carried out is 30 cm.When the length of the tire reaches 65 cm, then it is possible to cut down options up to 60 cm in diameter.

For the most massive wood species, complex and very powerful chainsaws are used (see the most reliable chainsaws), which exceed the standard weight. The length of the bus in them is above 65 cm.

The sawing technology also changes with the thickness of the target. With one cut, trees up to 20 cm in diameter can be reliably cut down. If this figure exceeds this threshold, you need to make several cuts so that, without damage to the device and strong efforts on the part of the workers, to cut the tree.

Chainsaws of Russian production in many respects are not worse than foreign ones.

Chainsaw Lesnik meets all international quality and safety standards.

large, tree, correctly

The Ural chainsaw is very easy to use and therefore popular among consumers.

The higher the height of the tree, the more problematic it becomes to comply with safety precautions. Sawing also becomes more difficult, since more weight requires some effort and high power of the device. Sometimes you have to make cuts in a group, keeping a distance in level, that is, making them at different heights.

large, tree, correctly

In advance, you need to measure the center of gravity to determine the fall of the tree. This indicator is influenced by the shape of the crown, as well as the features of the trunk itself. These criteria have an impact not only on the position of the workers, but also on the anticipated cuts, which are optimal. Usually the trunk needs to be cut down completely and at the root, but sometimes a certain part of it is required, which also affects the cutting process.

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Sawing a trunk over 50 cm

After choosing the direction of fall from the same side, a cut is made at an angle of 45-50 degrees relative to the vertical mowing line of the trunk to a depth of a quarter of its thickness (diameter). Then, having shifted lower, a horizontal cut is made until the connection with the oblique cut. The result is a side drank.

Passing to the other side, a counter horizontal saw is made slightly higher than the opposite one. Important: The dump saw is never driven through to avoid an unpredictable fall. They always leave 5-10 centimeters unfinished (about ten percent of the trunk diameter), after which the tree, with the help of a pole, ropes, in some cases wedges (jacks), collides in a given direction.

Safety engineering

When performing the procedure for felling trees, it is necessary to ensure full safety measures for both individuals and employees of organizations. Do not fell trees yourself. A partner is required. You should not make an open fire while working, and if there is one, you need to extinguish it before turning on the chainsaw. You also can’t smoke. Care should be taken in advance to protect the face from sawdust, as they always fly off when sawing wood.

Before sawing a tree, you need to make sure that if it falls, it will not touch people, living beings, or damage the cables or wires through which the current flows. Do not work in strong winds. It is advisable to calculate in advance the direction of the fall of the trunk up to the exact contour on which all rods and other elements are cleared so as not to damage the tree, and also not to cause its inertial overturn.

When working with full, thick posts, the chainsaw is held with both hands, while the tension is constantly felt.

You should not carry out work when using only the extreme part of the saw, as this will lead to strong kickback and automatic shutdown of the device, which can ruin the whole work by making inaccurate movements.

When sawing thick posts or massive branches, it is advisable to raise the chainsaw to a level above the shoulders.

The main aspects necessary to comply with when cutting trees:

To get rid of the continuous sound of the chainsaw, you must use soundproof headphones, otherwise headaches are possible with prolonged and regular work.

First, all the technological features are determined, only then it is necessary to clearly plan the stages of work, which will help to guarantee to protect yourself from the impact of the weight of the falling tree. Even with extensive work experience, it is necessary to constantly take care of your own safety, since the highest number of injuries are suffered by workers who have long been accustomed to a constantly tense and dangerous environment in this field.

How to properly cut a tree on the site

Before answering the question of how to cut trees on the site, you need to understand when to do it.

According to Drevolaz_msk, tree crown and pruning is best done in the autumn-winter period, before the spring sap flow. When to cut trees. it makes no difference. The main thing to remember is that cutting down a whole tree is cheaper, but more likely to destroy something with a falling trunk. Sawing wood in parts is more expensive, but the work is done more accurately and safer.

How to Prune a Large Tree | This Old House

Now let’s look at specific situations.

You can uproot the stumps yourself with a winch or dig in and cut them down with a chainsaw just below ground level, and then sprinkle them with soil. There is a technique for crushing stumps, which with cutters can cut a stump 40 cm high to a depth of 20 cm.

There are also features when cutting trees yourself.

Dendrodel advises felling trees entirely with a guy if all the trees go into the future wasteland, and it is greater than the height of the trunks. If not, cut in parts or cut down even if other trees are damaged. It is better to uproot such a volume with an ordinary tractor, only you need to leave hemp 50 cm high so that there is something to grab with the bucket. An important point is that it will not be possible to dump such a number of trees imperceptibly, even if you cut 2-4 pieces. Therefore, a felling ticket is needed.

When felling a tree with a single trunk, we cut it down, as did the New World, in order to set the exact direction of fall.

The trunk is pulled back by a winch with a cable.

Legal nuances of removing trees in a suburban area

So, there is a suburban area with trees, which must be tidied up before starting to build a house. Or, if the site has long been inhabited, the cottage has been built, but a very small pine tree somehow “imperceptibly” grew into a large tree, whose branches cling to electrical wires or touch the roof. It seems that what is easier. we take a chainsaw, an ax, attract assistants and remove everything unnecessary. But, before you do this, you need to think.

After all, a suburban area can be like this.

If in the first case one tree, if necessary, can be cut down and pretend that it was so, then in the second version, the “loss” of green spaces immediately catches the eye. In addition, there is no guarantee that the “good” neighbors will not report, for example, to the environmental police about illegal logging. How to be? Is it possible or impossible to saw trees in your area or next to it? The opinion of the portal users is divided.

The situation with the legal aspects of the legality of cutting down trees is further aggravated by the complexity of the legislation, in the wilds of which a lawyer will break his leg. For example, in the “Civil Code of the Russian Federation” there is article 209, which says that the owner of a land plot can use his land, as well as natural resources at his own discretion (for example, trees and shrubs) only if this does not contradict the law and the interests of others.

As a result, a situation may arise when it suddenly turns out that a mistake was made during land surveying (which often happens in old settlements), and the sawn pine was not within the boundaries of your site. Or a “well-wisher” will appear who will declare that the tree that was cut down is needed to maintain the ecosystem of the settlement.

This is just the beginning of the story. According to Andr3, it soon became clear that one of the neighbors, an old litigant, wrote a statement against him to the prosecutor’s office for illegal felling of trees within the village. The neighbor asked in a statement to find out whether the felling ticket was properly issued, and besides this, he added that now, due to the destruction of the tree, there is nowhere for rooks to nest.

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The district police officer told about all these twists and turns of Andr3. After the administration representative appeared, the portal user told him that he asked them to cut down a tree that threatened to cut the power lines, but they refused. As a result, it turned out that the administration, knowing well the nature of the grandfather, retroactively, just in case, issued a permit to cut this tree. Therefore, there can be no complaints.

Important: having conceived to cut trees even on your site, you need to find out if they are on the urban planning plan, whether the land behind the site where you are going to cut trees is the territory of the forestry or forest fund, which trees are going to be sawed. valuable or invaluable species.

Even if there are no encumbrances, and the trees are not marked on the site plan, then you need to think carefully about whether overly vigilant neighbors live nearby.

If a tree needs to be cut outside of its area, then this is more difficult. At the very least, you need to enlist the support of neighbors and the administration. Practice shows that it meets the initiative (especially the collective one), because trees fall, wires are torn, and this is a headache for them.

So, let’s summarize the interim results. If you act completely within the framework of the law, then you need to get a written permission from the local administration or a felling ticket to cut a tree even on your site, but it is not cheap.

Therefore, we saw at our own peril and risk:

  • if the site is yours;
  • if trees are not indicated on the cadastral plan of the site and the general plan of the territory;
  • if there are not very many of them (1-2 pcs.);
  • if you are sure that the neighbors will not call the competent authorities at the time of felling, and you will not be caught with a saw in their hands;
  • if the trees, falling, do not destroy or break anything.

You need to cut quickly to attract less attention. Immediately uproot the stumps, remove the sawn trunk and it is better, if you are not confident in your abilities, to entrust this work to professionals.

Removing a tree is a last resort. Often you can get by with “little blood”. It is possible to fasten individual branches and trees with ropes to other trees (cabling). Remove only dangerous branches or remove the crown, reducing the windage (topiary pruning). You can treat diseased trees, spray from pests.

Step-by-step instruction

The technology for cutting down trees of large and small diameter has several differences. First you need to learn how to cut down small plants:

    We are looking for the slope of the tree. Even slightly gravitation is suitable, however, the stronger this feature is expressed, the brighter you can notice the exact side of the fall of the plant.

It is advisable to cut straight trees in convenient places for dumping, and not at random. One cut is approximately half the full size of the trunk.

A tree is considered large if its diameter exceeds half a meter. At first, the trunk is used as a support, however, the sawing of the structure can be carried out only after choosing at what angle the plant will fall. Algorithm of actions:

  • A cut is made from top to bottom with a slope of 60 degrees. It must be done exactly from the side of the intended slope. It is necessary to constantly observe the exact angle and keep the chainsaw absolutely level.
  • At the bottom, a fishing line is drawn horizontally, which should adjoin the innermost point of the first cut. When it is carried out to the stop, you can remove the corner consisting of wood, which allows you to make a side cut.
  • On the opposite side of the first two cuts, a horizontal filing is made, which starts slightly above the lower level of the cuts on the opposite side. It is necessary to cut quite deeply, however, it is forbidden to perform the operation completely, that is, the tree must remain upright.
  • In the second cut, you need to mount a pre-prepared wedge or a special blade for felling wood. The remaining volume can be removed using a spatula or by finishing from the inside.

There is an alternative way to safely fell trees. First, the solid wood is completely sawn through.

Then the device moves in the opposite direction with a slope to the left and reaches the middle. A wedge must be inserted under the second cut. The tree is finished from the opposite side.

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