How to cut a rail in the field

Possible ways of cutting the rail

Despite the seeming complexity of the operation, it is not difficult to divide the metal element into small sections. To do this, you can use one of the following tools:

  • sewing needle;
  • chisel;
  • hacksaw (metal saw);
  • grinder;
  • rail cutter.

Each method is complicated in its own way, but the expected result (the rail cut into pieces) will be obtained. Now. in detail about each technique.

rail, field

Application of rail cutters

Using a chisel

  • install the rail as in the paragraph above;
  • along the entire perimeter, using a chisel and a hammer (mallet), notches of small depth (1-2 mm) are made;
  • a blow is made at the place of the notches with a sledgehammer, the rail splits.

The advantages and disadvantages of the technique repeat the above, only it takes a little more time.

Rail cutter Husqvarna K 1260 (Partner K-1250 Rail)

Features:

  • power is almost 6 kW (higher than that of RM5GM);
  • working body. a cutting disc with a diameter of 350 or 400 mm (the principle of operation is like a grinder);
  • weight without additional equipment. 20 kg.

The device will cut the same P65 5 times faster than the machine discussed earlier. Compactness, relative lightness, efficiency make it possible to use it for cutting products at home. The only disadvantage of the equipment is high).

5 ways to cut a rail with your own hands

How to cut a rail at home or garage conditions, which tools are suitable, what are the advantages of a particular method in detail below.

Maintenance of the railroad bed means cutting out the worn-out sections of the rails with the help of special equipment. In this material, we will talk about how to cut a rail in a home (or garage) conditions, which tools are more effective, how to act in each case, and what are the advantages of this or that method.

Cutting with a sewing needle

Principle of operation:

  • the rail is installed with its edges on two supports with the base down;
  • a thick sewing needle is placed on the alleged fracture site perpendicular to the product;
  • a sledgehammer makes a strong and precise blow at the place of contact of the needle, as a result of which the rail is cut in half.

Advantages of the method:

  • rapidity;
  • minimum of available tools;
  • low injury risk;
  • the ability to do the job alone.

Disadvantages:

  • experience is needed. it is not easy to hit exactly the right place;
  • the cutting line (cut) sometimes turns out to be a curve;
  • it is necessary to inflict only one accurate blow; with several unsuccessful attempts, the integrity of the canvas will be violated.

Cutting the rail with a hacksaw

A popular method, although energy consuming. It is important to know a few requirements for a saw blade:

  • the handle is comfortable, it is located not horizontally, but vertically, slightly inclined towards the direction of travel “away from you”;
  • there is dusting on the teeth of the canvas;
  • the teeth are located in the direction “away from you”;
  • when working, move the blade so that the contact area of ​​the teeth with the cutting surface is maximum;
  • select the blade based on the density and hardness of the rail material.

How to cut a rail with a hacksaw? The sequence is as follows:

  • the rail is placed on a horizontal surface;
  • if an accurate cut is required, it is worth making notches on the base with a chisel;
  • saw through the base on both sides up to the rail neck;
  • put an emphasis under the place of the cut;
  • hit with a sledgehammer.

There are other ways to divide a sawn rail into two parts. For example, drop it from a height if you have a loader manipulator at hand.

  • the way is safe;
  • sawing takes place without unnecessary noise;
  • equipment for work is inexpensive.

Disadvantages:

  • the process can take more than an hour (depending on professionalism);
  • several saw blades will be required (3-7 depending on their quality).

Possible ways of cutting the rail

Despite the seeming complexity of the operation, it is not difficult to divide the metal element into small sections. To do this, you can use one of the following tools:

  • sewing needle;
  • chisel;
  • hacksaw (metal saw);
  • grinder;
  • rail cutter.

Each method is complicated in its own way, but the expected result (the rail cut into pieces) will be obtained. Now. in detail about each technique.

Cutting the rail with a hacksaw

A popular method, although energy consuming. It is important to know a few requirements for a saw blade:

  • the handle is comfortable, it is located not horizontally, but vertically, slightly inclined towards the direction of travel “away from you”;
  • there is dusting on the teeth of the canvas;
  • the teeth are located in the direction “away from you”;
  • when working, move the blade so that the contact area of ​​the teeth with the cutting surface is maximum;
  • select the blade based on the density and hardness of the rail material.

How to cut a rail with a hacksaw? The sequence is as follows:

  • the rail is placed on a horizontal surface;
  • if an accurate cut is required, it is worth making notches on the base with a chisel;
  • saw through the base on both sides up to the rail neck;
  • put an emphasis under the place of the cut;
  • hit with a sledgehammer.

There are other ways to divide a sawn rail into two parts. For example, drop it from a height if you have a loader manipulator at hand.

Advantages:

  • the way is safe;
  • sawing takes place without unnecessary noise;
  • equipment for work is inexpensive.

Disadvantages:

  • the process can take more than an hour (depending on professionalism);
  • several saw blades will be required (3-7 depending on their quality).

Possible ways of cutting the rail

Despite the seeming complexity of the operation, it is not difficult to divide the metal element into small sections. To do this, you can use one of the following tools:

  • sewing needle;
  • chisel;
  • hacksaw (metal saw);
  • grinder;
  • rail cutter.

Each method is complicated in its own way, but the expected result (the rail cut into pieces) will be obtained. Now. in detail about each technique.

Which way to choose

There are a number of factors to consider when making a decision. Among them. the cost of work (finances and time), noise, the duration of the process, the need for outside help. From a safety point of view, cutting with a reciprocating saw looks attractive. From the point of view of speed. grinder or rail cutter.

The latter tool is expensive for most craftsmen, so it is recommended to adopt two methods. using a reciprocating saw (hacksaw for metal) or a grinder with cutting discs. Knowing how to cut a rail quickly, the user will be able to quickly achieve the desired result.

Finally, an interesting video:

K1270 / K1260 Rail Saw from Trak-Star

Maintenance of the railroad bed means cutting out the worn-out sections of the rails with the help of special equipment. In this material, we will talk about how to cut a rail in a home (or garage) conditions, which tools are more effective, how to act in each case, and what are the advantages of this or that method.

Rail cutter Husqvarna K 1260 (Partner K-1250 Rail)

Features:

  • power is almost 6 kW (higher than that of RM5GM);
  • working body. a cutting disc with a diameter of 350 or 400 mm (the principle of operation is like a grinder);
  • weight without additional equipment. 20 kg.

The device will cut the same P65 5 times faster than the machine discussed earlier. Compactness, relative lightness, efficiency make it possible to use it for cutting products at home. The only disadvantage of the equipment is high).

Application of rail cutters

Another method of quickly dividing rails into fractions, which is not entirely suitable for home conditions, but deserves consideration. A rail cutter is a professional equipment used for various types of products. It is usually used on railway tracks in order to quickly restore the track in order to avoid train delays. For example, two devices are considered below.

Using a chisel

Here, too, the metal workpiece is not divided by cutting, but by impact.

  • install the rail as in the paragraph above;
  • along the entire perimeter, using a chisel and a hammer (mallet), notches of small depth (1-2 mm) are made;
  • a blow is made at the place of the notches with a sledgehammer, the rail splits.
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The advantages and disadvantages of the technique repeat the above, only it takes a little more time.

Dandelion from cocktail straws

You need to prepare a pack of white straws, scissors, a glue gun, 2 green straws.

Manufacturing features:

  • You need to cut the tube, forming a fringe. It is best to do this from the beginning of the element to the fold. Slightly straighten the resulting workpiece.
  • First glue 2 blanks together. 2 more sticks perpendicular to them. Next, other elements are glued. Place each part so that a sphere is formed.
  • Next, glue a green tube to the center. Cut the second lengthwise and finely chop on one side, forming a terry.
  • Glue the green straw with terry under the white sphere, imitating the receptacle.

You can prepare a few more green elements, from which you can cut out the leaves and attach to the flower stem.

Photo frame

You can use several options to make a frame out of straws. The simplest is to decorate the finished base.
Using multi-colored tubes of different lengths, glue the cardboard or wooden frame over. Elements can be positioned from the center to the edges or along the canvas of the frame.

step by step production

You can make a thin frame for each photo, which will be hung.
You need to cut each element lengthwise and thread it through the photo cut from 4 sides. At the same time, immediately pass a thread through the upper tube, which will become a loop for hanging a photo.

If you arrange several photos according to this principle, then it will turn out from them to create a whole composition. It is enough to string the photo in frames onto the rail. You can weave a canvas frame from straws
on the same principle as baskets are made. To prevent the weaving from disintegrating, it is worth fixing the elements together with glue.

Money ship financial sailing

Beginner needlewomen are interested in what can be made from cocktail tubes. There is no unambiguous answer to this question, since every creative person has his own extraordinary and original ideas. We invite you to make an unusual boat, which will become an excellent interior design decoration or a full-fledged gift for a friend.

Master class progress:

Theoretical part.

Mosaic of cocktail tubes is an interesting and useful activity for children, developing perseverance and fine motor skills. Crafts from cocktail tubes are not complicated, but they will take patience and time.

We play a lot of theater with children, but I got the idea to make an unusual theater that wakes up colorful, diverse and, most importantly, is made by the hands of children.

Different characters are used in the theater and the most important is the scenery

Then I came up with the idea to do all this in an unconventional technique of using cocktail tubes with plasticine elements.

Practical part.

We opened a workshop

Admire. this is how!

We invite everyone to study

It’s fun to work together

Only brave and tenacious

Reach the goal cheerfully (The teachers do the work.)

Draw any character or decoration on a cardboard sheet. (flowers, butterflies, sun). These are not complex drawings, but if there are difficulties, you can print them, redraw them, use step-by-step drawings that are widely presented on the Internet.

Cut out. In principle, you can not cut, but simply make an applique on the sheet.

Take a little plasticine and spread it over the pattern. If there are colored elements, first cover them with plasticine, and then the whole drawing. Try not to make the layer too thin, as the mosaics may not adhere well to it. But even in a very thick layer, the pieces of the tube will get lost

Even application is also very important, the final look will be more holistic and harmonious.

Apply the clay completely to the drawing. If the character is large, further actions can be taken the next day, since it is tedious to do everything at once, especially for children.

🔨🔧How to cut rail track….easily🔨

Next, cut the cocktail tubes into small pieces, about 5 mm.

Insert the pieces into the plasticine so that there are no voids, starting from the edge of the picture, but if there are colored inserts, first of all fill them with a mosaic.

This lesson is quite scrupulous and long, you can continue it the next day. The children and I did everything at once and got a little tired, although the process is quite interesting, and the bright, colorful result pleased.

What a great fellow! What kind of flowers you have turned out beautiful and unusual. Tell the guys about your hero. What is he? (Children (teachers)tell.)

Well done. See how you and I have beaten our unusual heroes from a fairy tale. Thank you very much for your work.

Making crafts gives children great pleasure when they succeed and great grief if the image does not work out. At the same time, the child fosters the desire to achieve a positive result. It should be noted that children carefully handle toys made with their own hands, do not break them, do not allow others to spoil the craft.

The novelty and distinctive feature of the program is the development in children of creative and research characters, spatial representations, some physical patterns, knowledge of the properties of various materials, mastering various methods of practical actions, acquiring manual skill and the emergence of a creative attitude to the environment.

The need to create this direction exists, since it is considered as a multilateral process associated with the development of children’s creativity, fantasy, attention, logical thinking and perseverance.

Cocktail tubes (straws) suitable not only for cocktails. Bright jewelry for little ladies, luxurious hats for brave Indian leaders, beautiful photo frames, practical accessories for writing instruments, characters for the theater, decorations. all this and many other fantastic ideas will bring a lot of joy “Straw artists”. This is a fun, exciting game, and an educational activity (remember, there is such an exercise to develop creativity. come up with as many ways as possible to use a simple object, and a great way to make a useful thing out of unnecessary material.

Straw crafts: siphon

Connect two tubes to create a structure for an interesting scientific experiment and show children how the siphon works.

A siphon is a design resembling the letter P, through which liquid flows upward without the help of a drift. Gravity makes water flow out of the tube and reduces pressure in it.

As a result, the water from the upper container, due to atmospheric pressure, overpowers the force of gravity and begins to flow upward at the short end of the tube. Water will flow as long as its level in a container is lower than the water level in another container.

To make a siphon, gently bend the end of one tube and insert it inside the other tube.

Twist the tube a little so that it aligns with no extra hole between the two tubes. You can tape the junction of the tubes with tape.

Place a glass filled with water next to the sink.

Insert a tube into the glass and start the siphon, sucking some water through the tubes.

Lower the other end of the tube from the sink or other glass below.

You will notice how water flows from one glass to another.

We make a basket of newspaper tubes step by step

Most of us probably have old newspapers at home. You can also create an interesting craft from them. It is enough just to get acquainted with our master class for beginners. The appearance of a paper basket or newspaper is not inferior to a wicker basket!

To create such a thing with your own hands, you will need:

  • Paper or newspaper.
  • Spoke.
  • Glue.
  • Scissors or knife.
  • Paint (it is better to use acrylic) and varnishes to cover the product, brushes.
  • Alcohol based stain.
  • Weaving basis.
  • Beads, appliques or ribbons. optional.

Now we can get to work.

  • We mark the newspaper into strips of 5-8 cm. And cut it in the direction of the paper grain. To determine the direction, use your fingernails to run along the edge of the sheet. If the edge becomes wavy, then this is the transverse direction. And in this case, it is better to use the longitudinal direction, in which the edge remains flat and no folds are formed.
  • We hold the knitting needle at an angle of 10-15 degrees, wind the newspaper strips tightly. We fix the edge with glue. Now you can paint the tubes in the intended color, cover with varnish or stain and let them dry. For a basket, on average, you need about 50 tubes. Because the paper coarsens from the glue, it is necessary to iron it with an iron after drying the glue and paint or walk it several times with a rolling pin.
  • We start weaving from the bottom of the basket. For a square base, take four twisted tubes and connect them crosswise. As in the case of weaving from straws for cocktails, it is necessary to lay the tubes, constantly alternating. over the first, under the second, over the third. The principle of weaving is the same as in a standard basket.
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For a round base, you need to use at least 4 tubes, and then simply braid the base in a circle. Beginners should carefully and tightly to each other make the following rows.

To make the work easier and more convenient, it is worth using a glass or casket, braiding it. When the craft has reached the desired size, we take out the object from the inside and fix the edges of the newspaper tubes.

To give strength to your craft, you need to generously spread it with PVA glue. The glue should dry completely. You can decorate using napkins and de-blending of them, beads, ribbons, lids and other elements.

A beginner can additionally watch video tutorials for a visual understanding of the creative hobby. There are many similar videos on the network that you can easily watch online. Below is a video tutorial.

What do you need?

Before you take a cool photo of a basket of tubes, you need to weave it. And for this you will definitely need a shape: any object is suitable for this, which will help the product to keep the given shape. For example, many girls use ordinary boxes, vases, even various toys for this. For some unusual baskets, you can use various dishes, or even create and glue a shape for it yourself.

You can use newspapers as material, preferably double sheets, then the product will turn out to be much stronger and more durable. We also weave a basket of tubes with the help of: clothespins, scissors, ordinary office glue and a long wood skewer.

For the bottom of the future product, thick cardboard is usually used, and for decoration a wide variety of decorative materials: ribbons, beads, various flowers, corrugated paper.

Field documentation and its maintenance in geological routes

The main means of field geological documentation are:

1– field notebook (PZK);

2– topographic base (TO);

3– aerial photographs (AFS);

4– etiquette book.

Field notebook

A field notebook is an individual diary of each geologist who conducts a geological survey. The PZK is the main document that reflects the results of observations during the route and is a document of strict accountability. The trainee student must keep records in the field notebook carefully and take all measures to keep it safe (protection from moisture, damage, etc.). Entries in the PZK are made in pencil directly in the routes, at the points of geological observation and during the transitions between them.

Each field notebook should have:

observation points should be on the last page (it is prohibited to tear out the sheets from the PZK);

How to fill out a field notebook:

1) the date of observation is set;

2) the necessary entries are made on the right pages of the book, each of which must have margins: left. 10-15 mm, and right. at least 5 mm);

3) sketches, diagrams, designations, additional information to the description of rocks and layers, details in the route scheme, etc. are made on the left pages of the PZK;

4) the description is carried out in a sequence of serial numbers corresponding to the numbers on the geological map; all types of geological observation points (PGN) have a single numbering, which is set by the field work leader (team leader) for all brigades; APG numbering is noted in the control panel and should not be repeated for different teams, for example, the first team describes the points of geological observation from the first to the tenth, the second. from the eleventh to the twentieth, etc.;

5) before describing the observation point, its exact reference (location) is given by geographical coordinates (in degrees of latitude and longitude) on a topographic basis (aerial photograph) and relative to the terrain;

6) all records in the PZK are divided into factual (sketches from nature, description of rocks and places where fossil fauna and flora were found, the results of determining the occurrence elements, the results of thickness measurements, and much more) and interpretive (conclusions from the observations made);

7) erasures and corrections are not allowed in factual records; in case of errors during writing, the wrong phrase is crossed out and the correct one is written next; the factual record made in the field can be corrected only by returning to the same point of geological observation and making repeated observations;

8) field graphic information is entered on the left pages of the PZK opposite the factual records made on the right pages; graphic information is divided into: a) drawings from nature of geological sections, which necessarily show the places of sampling with numbers corresponding to the entries on the right pages; b) sketches showing the landmarks used when linking geological observation points, c) auxiliary drawings necessary for determining the occurrence elements, calculating powers, etc. Today on the Internet you can find a lot of necessary information about resorts, hotels and much more, but still, it is better to find out all the information from those who have really visited the places where you are going to go on vacation. A good example is Daria Denisova’s blog about life in North Cyprus www.baganelka.com.

Records and field graphic information entered in the PZK are often supplemented by photographs, which differ from sketches in detail and image accuracy. When photographing geological objects, to determine their true dimensions, tools or objects with exact dimensions (a bar with divisions, a ruler, a geological hammer, etc.) must be used; photographing for these purposes of people. participants of geological survey is not recommended. In addition to single shots, it is practiced to create panoramas from several sequential shots taken with overlapping fragments of the shooting object by at least 30%. Photo panoramas are mounted in office conditions after the development of photographic films and printing of individual fragments of the object. Each of the pictures taken is numbered (film number and frame number), tied to the location and described in the PZK. Each of the captured photographic films is packed separately and signed (film number, numbers of images shown by PGN). At the office stage of processing field materials, photographs and photo panoramas supplement the conclusions drawn from the study of geological objects and points of geological observation.

AERO PHOTOS

Aerial photographs are field documents and are stored in the same way as the topographic base. APIs require even more careful handling than topological bases.

The necessary information (observation points, marks of high-altitude points, etc.) is carried out to the back side of the APS near the puncture point made on the front side of the APS with a thin needle.

TOPOGRAPHIC MAP

A topographic baseline is a high quality topographic map, taken at survey scale or at a larger scale, from which the unnecessary burden that makes it difficult to compile and read geological maps has been removed. All designations (contours of the relief, elevations of high-altitude points, hydrography, etc.) that are necessary for orientation are preserved on the topographic base. When working with a topographic base, it is not allowed to change the height of the section, which corresponds to the map of the reporting scale.

To preserve the topographic base in the field, you should:

The following information is applied directly in the field to the topographic base:

LABEL

Label book. used to keep track of selected samples and samples during field research. Each sample of rocks, fauna, water, oil, etc. taken in the field. must be accompanied by a label. When taking samples or samples, the label that is attached to the sample (sample) is filled in, as well as the spine that remains in the label book. The same information is placed on the label and the spine, which should be concise, accurate and as complete as possible (see sample). The notes are kept in pencil only. A register (list) of samples (samples) is made according to the filled-in spines remaining in the label book. In addition to the data contained in the spines, this list contains information about the results of analyzes, determinations performed in laboratory or office conditions, and also indicates the location of the sample or sample after office processing (located in the collection, museum, liquidated, etc.).

First stage of labor.

Labor begins in the first stage, when the uterus begins to contract at intervals of 10-20 minutes. The amount of mucous discharge with blood increases, the interval between cramping pains lasting up to a minute is getting shorter. This stage can take several hours. At the end of the first stage of labor, the fetal bladder is opened and amniotic fluid is poured out.

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Railroad Rail Full Cut Demonstration

Resuscitation of a newborn after childbirth.

If the baby does not cry and does not show signs of breathing within two minutes after giving birth, then placing him on his back on a hard surface, very carefully begin to perform artificial respiration using the mouth-to-mouth method. Tilt his head back so that the tongue does not cover the larynx, wrap your lips around the mouth and nose of the child, and gently blow in air at a frequency of 35. 40 breaths per minute, but not the full volume contained in your lungs, but only the one that approximately fits into oral cavity.

Check the pulse of a newborn baby, if it is absent, then it is necessary to start doing a closed heart massage. For two breaths. fifteen presses on the middle third of the sternum with the index finger. If there is an assistant, then you do artificial respiration, and he is an indirect heart massage, for one breath. five presses on the sternum.

The birth of a fetus.

The woman in labor should not hold her breath and push during this period. You should breathe through your mouth, in short breaths. This will make it easier for the fetus to come out slowly and evenly. If a bowel movement occurs (bowel cleansing), wipe from front to back. The head of the fetus appears first (usually, but not always). Until the baby is born completely, support her with your palms. When the shoulders appear, support the body under the armpits and lift to the side of the woman’s abdomen. Be careful and prepared for the baby to be very slippery.

If the child’s face is in the fetal bladder, it looks like a thin film, you must carefully and carefully, cut or tear it, otherwise the child may suffocate, and then remove mucus from the nose and mouth using a rubber bulb or, in the absence of one, just suck the mucus through a suitable the size of a blunt tube. If there is nothing at all, then gently cleanse the child’s mouth with a finger wrapped in a sterile bandage or clean cloth. See if the umbilical cord is wrapped around the neck, if so, then carefully, but quickly remove it over the baby’s head like a scarf, without waiting for the birth of the whole body.

If the child has not yet begun to breathe, place him on his palm with his stomach down or on a sloping, clean surface with his face to the side. So that the head is located just below the body. Lightly massage his back and chest with your finger, lightly pat on the back and heels until spontaneous breathing appears. The child will scream and his skin will turn pink.

After that, the child must be wiped off, wrapped in a clean cloth, and without pulling the umbilical cord, put next to the mother. A newborn cannot maintain the temperature of his body by himself, so he must be warmed by wrapping or holding and holding him to himself. If the baby does not come out head first or the labor continues for more than three minutes after the appearance of the shoulders, then you can very gently pull the baby out.

Survival website, Survival guide

An extreme or stressful situation can sometimes speed up labor significantly. Symptoms of this are pain in the lower back, periodic contractions in the lower abdomen, mucous discharge with blood.

If there is no way to deliver the woman in labor to the nearest medical facility or call for help on the spot, then get ready to take delivery yourself. At the very first sign of impending labor, get ready immediately. Since the availability of the necessary tools and clean dressings in the field, far from civilization can be very limited, use all possible suitable tools and items.

Sharpen and then sterilize (wipe with alcohol, vodka, iodine, cologne, etc., or boil for at least 5 minutes), scissors or a knife, and if there is no closed package of sterile bandage, then also three 20-cm pieces of rope, cord etc. Prepare any disinfectant: iodine, alcohol, cologne, vodka, a weak (pale pink) solution of potassium permanganate, etc. As much clean hot water as possible and a plastic bottle or other container filled with cold water, snow or ice.

If there are no clean dressings or very little, then use fabric cuts, items of clothing, etc. In general, everything that can replace the missing material. Ideally, a small rubber bulb is needed to suction mucus from a newborn’s nose and mouth, but if one is not available, any clean, small-diameter tube will do. For example, a ballpoint pen case. It also needs to be sterilized. If there is nothing like this at all, then you will have to clear the baby’s airways with your mouth, sucking mucus into yourself.

Thoroughly wash and disinfect the hands of the woman in labor and assistants. If possible, completely cover the nails and nail phalanges with iodine. If there is no soap, then use lye diluted in a ratio of 1:10 with water. If you have sterile rubber gloves, be sure to wear them, but they do not eliminate hand washing. Prepare for the woman in labor a place that is clean, comfortable and protected from possible precipitation as much as possible. In the cold season, this can be a place under a canopy next to a hot fire or in a well-heated tent of sufficient volume.

Undress the woman completely, or if it is cold, then release from clothes only below the waist. Place plastic wrap, oilcloth, clean cloth, or a piece of clothing underneath. If there is time and opportunity, then shave off the hairline and wash the perineum with clean warm water, and then disinfect without touching the mucous membrane. Cover the mother with a blanket, sleeping bag, or warm clothing. Themselves are always close by. To reduce prenatal pain, you can massage your lower back. And if it brings relief. wipe your face with something wet and cool. You cannot drink during childbirth, just rinse your mouth.

Second stage of labor.

When the waters of the woman in labor have receded, and the contractions have become regular, then help her to lie on her side or to sit half-lying, half-sitting, leaning her back against some kind of support. A canopy wall, a tree, a backpack, a roll of blankets, etc. During contractions, a woman in labor should pull her knees up and clasp them with her hands, tilting her head towards them and holding her breath. Rest between contractions.

Actions after emergency childbirth in the field or extreme conditions.

You should now wait for the placenta to come out, usually about 10 minutes after the baby is born. Do not pull on the umbilical cord, wait until the pushing begins again, during which spotting will appear from the birth canal, and the umbilical cord will become longer. This is evidence of placental abruption from the walls of the uterus. After the placenta leaves or after the umbilical cord stops pulsing and changes color from blue to white, which means that all the blood has flowed into the baby’s body, it must be cut.

To do this, tightly tie the umbilical cord with sterilized material (bandage, cord, etc.), first 15 centimeters from the baby’s navel, and then with the second piece, 5 centimeters further. Make sure the first sling is completely secure. Otherwise, the child may lose blood. Use sterile scissors or a knife to cut the umbilical cord between the two bands. Treat the cut end that connects to the baby with any available disinfectant and apply a sterile dressing. Leave everything alone for 10 minutes and make sure that the bleeding has stopped, then tie the umbilical cord again 10 centimeters from the baby’s navel.

After the placenta has come out, gently wash the woman in labor, put a clean cloth on the perineum, and on the lower abdomen, to prevent uterine bleeding, a plastic bottle or other container with cold water. Give the woman a hot drink and let her rest. As soon as possible, even if the birth took place without complications, the woman and the child must be taken to the nearest medical facility for specialists to examine them. If the birth was urgent and in abnormal conditions, then the complications after them are unpredictable and sometimes can lead to the death of the mother and child.

Adapted from the book “The Complete Guide to Survival in Extreme Situations, in the Wild, on Land and at Sea”.
John Wiseman.