How to Drive a Dowel Without a Drill
How to drive a dowel? general rules
It must be said about the general rules for installing any kind of dowels.
Concrete nails: advantages and disadvantages of mounting hardware and dowels
A correctly drilled hole is a prerequisite for the correct installation of the dowel. When drilling holes in stone walls, it is necessary to use metal detectors in order to prevent damage to gas or water pipes, not to stumble on electrical wiring or steel reinforcement.
When drilling blind holes, depth gauges should be used that prevent the drill from penetrating too deep into the material.
When drilling holes in the ceilings, you can protect yourself from falling drill trifles using a dust collector attached to the drill.
When drilling hollow structures, the drill can simultaneously serve to measure wall thickness and depth of voids.
In structures made of light materials when drilling, it is recommended to use templates that are easy to make. To do this, take a piece of solid wood board and draw a cross on one of its sides. Drill a hole in the center of the cross, which will later be used as a guide and the diameter of which must coincide with the required diameter of the hole in the wall.
When drilling, this template is pressed against a wall of light materials. Using the cross, you can precisely set the template in the place where you need to make a hole. Thanks to the guide template, an exceptionally accurate hole can be obtained, while without it the drill can deviate from the desired axis. When using a drill, you should work with a low speed.
All this is so. But, it can be simpler: we take the pliers, insert the dowel into them, attach it to the wall. in the place where you need to drive it. and just simply hammer it with a good hammer with a good blow! As a rule, all dowels come in and hold in this way perfectly, even in a very strong concrete wall of the Soviet type. Well, of course, besides lousy dowels, for example, Chinese. these easily bend.
We nail any boards in the same simple and cardinal way. you must first drill a hole for the dowel in them so as not to split the board, corners, etc.
The disadvantage is too noisy, however, now you will not surprise anyone.
How to drive a nail into a concrete wall without a drill
How to drive a nail into a concrete wall without a drill
In order to drive a nail into a concrete wall, you must first drill a hole in it with a drill equipped with a drill, but not everyone has these tools in the house, and there is no point in buying them for such occasional use.
How to drive a nail into a concrete wall without a drill? If there is no drill, then you can make a hole in the wall with a jumper. This is the name of a thick-walled steel tube with a sharpened in the form of teeth and a hardened working end. The jumper is placed at the place designated for the hole in the concrete wall and hit on its head, gradually deepening into the wall. After each hit on the head, the jumper needs to be slightly turned, and also, from time to time, remove it from the hole and shake out the crumbs of concrete. Then, in order to drive a nail into the concrete wall, it is necessary to drive a wooden cork into the hole, some call it “chopped”.
By the way, you can screw a screw into a concrete wall without the help of traffic jams. To do this, fill the hole with cement or alabaster mortar, and then insert a screw into it, onto the thread of which a soft wire is pre-wound and covered with the same solution.
Drive a nail into a wall
You can easily drive a nail into the wall by first drilling a hole in the wall with a puncher and a diamond drill or a special gun for driving dowels-nails.
Well, that’s very easy, isn’t it? What will happen if the necessary tool is not at home and you have nothing to drill and there is no gun to hammer a nail into concrete. All that you have is just you, a hammer and nails. This method will help to drive a nail without cracks and fragments on a cement or gypsum wall.
The method is old, but effective. What you need to do is to take a band-aid or paper masking tape. Now you are ready to achieve the goal. If the surfaces in your house are not very good, then you can stick tapes in the places where you will hammer in nails. After pre-moistening the place with three tablespoons of vinegar and wait until it becomes dry. After that, be ready to hammer in nails. This method will help everyone who does not know how to hammer ordinary nails into a cement surface.
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How to hammer a nail: wizard tips
Today, there are elementary housework that men can do with their own hands. The most important thing is to adhere to certain recommendations and follow safety precautions during their implementation. Many beginning masters are often worried about a simple at first glance question: how to hammer a nail?
DRILL CONCRETE WITH SCREWS AND NAILS
Let’s try to find the answer.
Materials and Tools
Before you try to hammer a nail, you need to decide on the appropriate size of consumables. The size of the nail section should be no more than 25% of the thickness of the attached wooden element. In the case of the use of more massive pins, the board can simply crack. As for the size of the nail, it should go into the lower part two-thirds of the length. The same requirement is presented in the process of nailing. The hammer for work should be selected in such a way that it is convenient to hold it in your hand. You cannot work with a tool with a dangling head. Otherwise, you risk injury.
Drive nails: the right technique
So, how to hammer a nail? To do this, follow some simple instructions. The pile is taken with the thumb and forefinger of the left hand. It is better to take a nail in the middle of the rod. The tip should rest against the place where you plan to score it. As a rule, shpigor set perpendicular to the plane of the element. The right-handed hammer is usually held in the right hand, the left-handed. in the left. If you drive a nail into the surface of a tree, it will be enough to inflict 2-3 exact blows. After that, he should enter the tree at 20% of the full length. This is quite enough to fix the position of the nail. Then, with more powerful strokes, you can drive the indentation into the tree by the hat. If you are interested in how to hammer a nail into the wall, then it is worth considering that the fewer shocks you make when driving it, the stronger it will be installed in the tree. This is due to the fact that when striking at any angle, the structure of the wood may be violated. It is best if the clogging process consists of a couple of shocks.
Due to incorrect striking, the nail may bend. They can be bent even by experienced repairmen because of poor quality metal or the small thickness of the legs. Another reason why the dowel can enter hard into the wood is because the sharp part gets into the seal. In such a situation, it is best to pull it out and make a hole of a smaller diameter with a drill in the appropriate place. To drive a bent nail, you can also use pliers. But it should be borne in mind that if you manage to drive a bent nail into the wood at such an angle, it will be extremely difficult to pull it out.
Often, if necessary, driving a nail from the end of the board, the surface may crack. To prevent this, just drill a small hole. If you first blunt the tip with a file, you can also avoid splitting. In this case, the wood fibers will diverge in different directions, and not tear.
Choose a hammer
Today, every man should know how to hammer a nail. In fact, in this process there are many subtleties. If you handle the hammer carelessly, you can injure your finger, bend the nail, or ruin the wall. There are some simple guidelines. Having familiarized yourself with them, you will learn how to hammer a dowel-nail.
One of the most important elements when driving nails is a hammer. Tools have various sizes. The hammer of the MCT-1 type has a handle 25-28 cm long, a working area of 9 cm and a mass of approximately 250 grams. Such a tool can be used for wallpaper nails, the length of which does not exceed 40 mm. To drive larger fasteners, it is better to use the MCT hammer. It has a handle 30-32 cm long, a working area of 11 cm and weighs about a pound. Such tools are used most often. The MCT-3 hammer is designed for the same purposes, only it has more weight. For hammering dowel nails, it is better to use the MCT-4 hammer. It has a handle measuring 35-37 cm, a working area of 13 cm and a mass of 1 kilogram.
Tips for driving nails
Here are just some tips to help you learn how to hammer a nail:
- To hammer in a nail should begin without strong blows. Powerful shocks should be passed after you are convinced that the dowel is installed in the right position.
- When driving a nail, hold the hammer by the end of the handle.
- Look at the strike must be kept on the hat.
- When working with wood, it should be borne in mind that the diameter of the fastener cannot exceed 25% of the thickness of the element.
- To connect the two boards together, you need to select the nails so that they pierce the first board and enter at least a third into the second element. The strength of such a system increases when driving fasteners at an angle.
- The end of the nail, if necessary, should be smeared with soap.
- Do not drive a large number of nails nearby. The board may break from such a load.
- As a support for attachment points that are supported on weight, a large-sized hammer can be used.
- To drive a long nail into a solid wood, hold the fasteners next to the hat with pliers.
- To install the dowel in the plastered surface, you can use a punch. You only need to attach it to the nail head and strike. If you use a hammer, then you can not avoid the appearance of defects in this place.
- Before hammering a nail into a concrete wall covered with wallpaper, experts recommend slightly cutting a layer of paper with a cross. Corners should be parted to the side, put a nail. After that, you will need to glue the wallpaper.
- If you need to nail telephone wires, they must first be pierced with a fastener so that it does not touch the cores.
- Many craftsmen are interested in how to drive the indent with their bare hands. It is clear that manually hammering a nail into a concrete slab will fail. But in the clay surface. it is quite possible.
- In order not to damage the fingers, trying to drive the fasteners, it is enough to use a regular clothespin. The question of how to drive a nail correctly often arises if the master needs to work in hard-to-reach areas. For example, when fasteners are required to be hammered in a recess. However, for this it is enough to simply use a metal tube and a steel core.
Dowel-nail: how to drive in
Novice masters often come across the question of how to hammer a nail into a concrete wall without a drill. First you need to learn how to drive a dowel into a concrete surface using a drill. For this, the place for the future nail needs to be outlined with a punch or a hammer. After that, a hole of a suitable size breaks through with a drill. It should be noted that on the surface of the drill must be marked with its diameter. The dowel must be marked the same way. If you cannot use a hammer drill, then you can use a drill to work with concrete. It is convenient to use a conventional vacuum cleaner to remove dust residues. The dowel cartridge can be recessed into the wall with a hammer. Then drive the nail to the desired length.
Video: How to Drive a Dowel Without a Drill
Work with brick walls
If you are interested in how to hammer a nail into a brick wall, the information presented in this section will be useful to you. First of all, you need to decide on the place. It is best to choose in the middle of the brick. The mortar that holds the bricks is not the most reliable support. It is advisable to use a drill for drilling bricks. Begin carefully so as not to disturb the masonry. When the drill enters the wall by more than 1 cm, you can increase the speed of rotation. After the hole is drilled, it will be necessary to remove crumbs and dust from it. Now you can hammer a nail or cartridge.
Is it possible to drive nails into tiles?
With the right approach, you can drive a nail into the tile. First of all, it is necessary to mark the installation location of the dowel with a marker. In this case, you can drive in nails both in the surface of the tile itself and in the seam. It is better to mark the surface with a self-tapping screw for metal. This is done by light tapping. Then, using a drill and a drill, the tile must be drilled to the full depth. The hole can be adjusted to a suitable size. The surface under the tile needs to be drilled depending on what material it is made of. After that, carefully install the nail dowel.
Is it possible to drive a nail into a drywall?
Before you try to drive a nail into drywall, you need to think about whether the surface will be damaged.
If you plan to hang some kind of heavy object, then such material will not be the most reliable support. For smaller items, a mount designed specifically for low bearing surfaces can be used. On the plane, this requires making an opening of a suitable diameter. The fastener is inserted into the gap made until it stops.
Then, manually or when using a screwdriver, tighten the screw.
Drive a nail: conclusion
Now you can easily figure out how to hammer a nail into a concrete wall with a hammer without a drill. It is enough to simply follow a number of useful recommendations and use suitable tools, as well as fixing material.
How to hammer a dowel-nail. Use a rotary hammer or drill.
First things first, it is worth noting which tools come in handy in this matter:
- drill or perforator;
- concrete drill;
- pliers or pliers
- directly, the dowel-nail itself.
First you need to select and prepare the tools for work. If you plan to hammer the dowel into the concrete walls, then you should get a puncher. If you purchase such a device unprofitable, you can replace it with an electric drill with the function of a chipper. If the wall is brick, you can limit yourself to a small hand-held electric drill. In the worst case, you can take the rot. In any case, it is worth taking a specially drilled concrete bit with solder.
Stamped on the shank of the drill, the diameter should correspond to the same stamping on the dowels, and the length of the part of the drill with a groove (working part) should be at least 5-6 millimeters longer than the full length of the dowel. You must have a hammer and punch on hand. An old or unnecessary dowel, of a larger diameter, may be suitable as a punch.
Choose a place for drilling with caution, because It is worth considering a number of points. Firstly, it is necessary to check whether the thickness of the base (any where the dowel-nail will beat: the ceiling, wall or floor) is sufficient so that the drill or the dowel itself does not pierce it through. Although this should be taken care of before buying a dowel, directly at the planning stage.
Secondly, it is strictly necessary to check for the presence of hidden electrical wiring, because live wires can pass through walls or ceilings in special grooves or channels. Thirdly, when drilling concrete, it is worth considering the metal reinforcement, which is an integral part of the structure of the concrete partition.
If the drill hits the reinforcement, it can be destroyed, and the chances are that the drill will fly out of hand. When drilling brickwork, it is worth paying attention to the cement areas, because the dowel will not normally hold in them.
Having noted a safe place for work, it is worthwhile to roll concrete, so that the drill does not move away from the intended place at the beginning of drilling work, especially the electric drill suffers from this. To do this, just knock out a shallow hole in the surface of the base with a hammer and punch.
Set the drill in this hole and start the power tool at the lowest speed. And only after the drill goes deep into at least half a centimeter, you can safely increase the speed of the drill without fear. Please note: in order to prevent the brick from breaking, turn off the chipper mode and drill in the usual way.
That’s all. It remains only to hammer the dowel-nail with a hammer, removing concrete or brick dust from the landing hole. Simply install the dowel as deep as possible into the hole and with a light hammer blow hammer into the depth you need. If the dowel-nail is damaged or bent in the process. remove it with pliers and take a new one.
Concrete nails and screws
In the recent past, builders had one rather big problem. how to attach a product to concrete. Currently, such problems are left behind. manufacturers offer screws and nails for concrete.
Previously, builders had to take the following measures: drill holes in concrete, hammer it with a wooden cork, into which a screw or other fastening element was screwed.
Modern nails for concrete are a special fastener that is designed to connect some structures, including for attaching products not only to concrete, but also to other solid surfaces, which include stone or brick, for example. Therefore, it is not surprising that they are so in demand in the construction of residential, industrial and industrial facilities and other structures.
Concrete nails and screws are made of hardened, durable steel.
Concrete self-tapping screws: wall hardness is not a problem!
And they are hammered into concrete not with a hammer at all, but with a special gas pistol designed specifically for hammering nails. But this applies to working with concrete. And if you need to drive a nail into a softer surface. a brick or stones, for example, then a hammer will be enough. The nail remains in the surface due to the friction force.
Modern concrete nails and screws have a considerable number of advantages, which mainly include the following:
- Significantly facilitates the work of builders.
- Convenient to use;
- They have excellent technical and operational parameters;
- Available in the form of clips, which greatly simplifies their application and preservation of characteristics;
- For safe and reliable fastening, the torsion method is used;
- They have the best penetration abilities;
- They are distinguished by durability, resistance to bending and are able to withstand even the most severe loads.
Concrete dowel nails
What is a nail dowel?
The nail dowel is a type of ordinary dowel, from which it differs by the possibility of quick installation by driving into the wall. Such fasteners are widely used during repairs: they allow you to quickly and reliably fix almost any material on a wall, ceiling or floor.
The use of dowels, nails makes it equally easy to work with concrete, wood or brickwork. Especially quickly it is possible to carry out operations such as fixing the baseboard, finishing the external walls with cladding or working with drywall structures. Fasteners are also often used for thermal insulation of a house, installation of gutters over windows and balconies.
For proper operation, it is important to understand what a dowel-nail is, its operating principle and the features of working with various materials.
Dowel nails for various materials
The dowel-nail is a fixture of a special shape, designed to increase the installation speed. Its main components: a nail with tapered thread, narrowed towards the tip, which allows you to work with it not only with a screwdriver, but also with a hammer, and a plastic dowel. This type of fasteners has been widely used in work with brickwork, concrete walls, as well as for drywall, natural stone and other materials.
The main difference between the nail dowel and other types of dowels is that the main fastener acts on the principle of a nail, not a screw. Although some manufactured products have a cross-shaped slot in the head, working with dowels is much faster with a conventional hammer.
The plastic part of the fastener, when driving a nail into it, expands and provides a reliable and durable fastening. One of the edges of the dowel has a special extension. the cuff, which prevents the dowel "with the head" into the intended hole. The cuff can be of various shapes, depending on which several types of dowels are distinguished:
- Nail fungus. This type of plastic part of the fastener has a rounded end, which, at first glance, resembles a mushroom. Used in cases where the design requires increased downforce. Due to the large thickness of the cuff, the pressure is evenly distributed and does not lead to the destruction of fasteners or pressed material.
- Dowel nail-sweat. It is used in places where it is required to hide the screw head in one level with the wall.
One of the main parameters of any material, which is supposed to use physical activity, its technical characteristics. For dowels, the main indicators are as follows:
the length of standard products is from 40 to 140 mm, in increments of 20 mm;
diameter of a metal nail. from 5 to 7 mm;
the diameter of the hole to be made in the wall surface is from 6 to 10 mm. The symbol of the fastener model is composed of two indicators: the diameter of the hole and the length, and looks like 6×40, 8×100, 10×100, etc.
Hardware model with dimensions 6×40 mm
The maximum thickness of the materials that the dowel can attach is 10 to 100 mm. This indicator is important to consider when preparing materials for thermal insulation, since improperly selected fasteners may simply not reach the wall, or the place of its opening will not be deep enough.
The production of fasteners is carried out from high-quality steel grade St 50, 60, 70, coated with galvanization to prevent corrosion. The disclosing part is made from various polymeric materials: polyethylene, polypropylene, polyamide. The first two materials have low resistance to freezing temperatures, while polyamide is well suited for external work, for example, for thermal insulation and waterproofing of a house, installing a crate for siding or block house, etc.
Depending on the material of manufacture of the spacer, dowels are plastic and metal. As for the form and purpose, here the classification of dowels is expanding significantly. We list the main types of the most commonly used fasteners:
- Dowel nails for mounting gun (Fig. 4). Their peculiarity is that they are not equipped with a plastic expanding part and stay in the wall only due to their thread.
- The dowel nail hammered a metal (fig. 5). When talking about dowels, nails, most often they mean exactly this kind.
It consists of a steel rod with a thread coated with zinc and a plastic part, which expands when it is driven into the wall. Allows you to quickly and reliably connect structures from different materials.
The nail head can be either straight or slotted. In the first case, you can only work with such fasteners with a hammer. The second type makes it possible to use other tools: a screwdriver or a screwdriver. Also, such nails can be removed and replaced or reused.
These fasteners are used to create a reliable connection in places that are difficult to reach with a screwdriver, or in cases where such a tool is not at hand. The second important reason for this choice is the installation speed, by which such a metal nail significantly surpasses analogues. To install these nails, you do not need to make precise markings to perfectly match the hole in the material. The nest under them is drilled directly through the attached material, after which the dowel is installed in the hole and hammered with a hammer. Such a nail for the baseboard can speed up the work several times, without changing the quality of the fastener.
Installation of the dowel in the hole
The use of fasteners for thermal insulation of the external and internal walls of the house is very common. Features of fastening with solid materials (concrete, masonry) allow you to use the dowel mounting nails for wall cladding with facing materials or drywall.
It is very convenient to fasten metal structures to the brick, concrete or wooden base with dowels designed to work with an assembly gun. A clear example of such work is the fastening of metal visors over balconies and windows.
Depending on the material to which the fastening is carried out, the features of the use of fasteners differ.
When working with masonry, one should take into account its feature. hollowness, as a result of which the dowel can be weakly held. For such work, mark a place under the hole, after which a drill of a suitable diameter is selected and, at minimum speed, make a socket for the dowel. Before installation, you should blow construction dust from the hole, and then install the plastic part and hammer a nail into it with a hammer.
Work with a concrete wall is not much different from a brick one. The only difference is that the speed of rotation of the drill does not matter, otherwise all technological operations are similar to the previous description.
Work with concrete wall
Mounting in drywall should be installed very carefully, since the material does not withstand heavy loads. Here, the nail dowel is suitable for attaching a shelf, hanging a photo or a hook for clothes. To do this, a hole of suitable diameter is made in the surface of the drywall, after which the plastic dowel is gently and slowly screwed. In this case, it is better not to hammer the nail, but to screw it with a screwdriver or a screwdriver.
Hammer fasteners are often used in works with ceramic tiles. In such a situation, it is important to make a hole without damaging the tile. To do this, a small hole is made in the enamel surface with a glass cutter, after which they are very carefully drilled at minimum speed.
When creating holes, you should remember one feature: its diameter must exactly match the diameter of the plastic part, and the depth should be 10-12 mm longer than the length of the fastener.
Dowels-nails are used in many cases, both small and major repairs of premises.
How to hammer a nail into a concrete wall: useful tips and tricks
They are widely used in fixing materials for thermal insulation, drywall and wood to brick and concrete walls. It is preferable to work with such fasteners to create a wooden crate before facing the house with siding, lining or block house.
Ease of use, reliability and speed are the main advantages of such dowels.
This makes them a very effective material for repair work of various sizes. Due to its special shape, such nails can be driven with a hammer without using a screwdriver or screwdriver.