How to fix a drill in a libang drill
How to insert a drill into a hammer drill and how to remove it?
How to insert a drill
There is also a quick-clamping mechanism on the hammer drill itself. Reliable fastening of the drill in it is ensured by fixation with the help of special balls, which, when closed, fit tightly into the grooves on the lower part of the drill.
In order to fix the necessary nozzle, be it a drill or a crown, you must:
- take the lower part of the cartridge down (towards the perforator);
- holding it in this position, insert the desired nozzle;
- release the cartridge.
If the balls do not enter the grooves and the nozzle staggers, then it is necessary to turn it until the structure is completely closed.
And in order to insert the drill into the perforator using an adapter, first fix the removable chuck, which has a mount at the base with grooves for the tool. Then the drill is installed directly. To remove the drill or drill, you need to perform all the above steps again.
Here I would like to note that any manipulations for installing and removing a drill or other nozzles are preceded by a check of the operating condition of the perforator mechanism. For this, the unit must be connected to the network and, having set the required operating mode, press the start button. If the unit does not emit unusual sounds and, at the same time, there are no extraneous smells of burning or burnt plastic, then the tool is ready for use.
Features of the
With the help of a hammer drill, you can make a hole in almost any material. This device is most often used when working with concrete, brick and metal, less often with wood.
The variety of materials assumes several modes of operation and a large number of attachments:
The main difference is their purpose.
Drill nozzles are designed for drilling punching operations with high strength materials. In this case, the hammer drill performs not only drilling, but also impacts or vibrating actions. Drills make neat holes of the required depth and diameter in the surfaces. Crowns are used for drilling large holes. For example, under an outlet. Installing a chisel or blade assumes that the tool works like a jackhammer.
A significant difference is the type of attachment, which for all attachments, except for drills, is suitable exclusively for a hammer drill, since it has a landing tail, mounts in the form of grooves for this tool.
But you can also fix a conventional drill from a drill in a hammer drill. This requires an adapter called a removable chuck. This device is of two types:
The name of the type itself determines the type of drill clamping mechanism. The cam clamp is driven by a special key that is inserted into the thread on the outer perimeter and turned. In this case, the collet mechanism installed inside the chuck is compressed or unclenched, depending on the direction of movement of the key.
The quick-clamping type is operated by small hand force. By pushing the chuck downwards, the drill hole opens.
If the nozzle is stuck
As with any tool, even the highest quality hammer drill can jam. When performing work, this becomes a problem, which has several options and reasons.
Firstly, when the drill is stuck in the removable chuck, and secondly, if the nozzle is jammed in the hammer drill itself.
When the problem is in the clamping of the tool itself or in the removable head, then it is enough just to pour a little liquid of the WD-40 type into the chuck and wait a little. The composition will relax the grip of the clamping device and the drill can be reached without problems.
The cause of the malfunction is also in the poor quality of the drill itself. If a cheaper and softer metal alloy was used in the manufacture, then the drill bit can damage the drill during operation.
There are several ways to fix this problem. The first thing to try is to hold the drill in a vice and, holding the tool in your hands, loosen the bit and pull it towards you. If the deformation is not very serious, then the nozzle can be pulled out.
The second option provides for double fixation with a vice. a perforator on one side, and a drill on the other. Then they take a small hammer and hit the drill in the direction of the exit from the clamp. With this operation, you can use the WD-40.
When none of the methods helps, you can try to remove the parts of the chuck and turn the drill in the opposite direction by about 90 degrees. However, such a technique can completely ruin the parts of the clamping device.
But if this option did not work, it is better not to try to disassemble the device. It is better to give such a perforator to the workshop to competent specialists.
It should be noted that in order to minimize the possibility of such breakdowns, it is better to choose high-quality tips from leading brands. As a rule, such an investment pays off with a long tool life.
The nozzle can get stuck not only in the mechanism of the unit, but also in the wall during operation. In this case, you can try to free the drill or drill by turning on the reverse stroke (reverse) on the device.
If this method does not work, then the nozzle is released from the clamp, another is inserted, and, having reamed the wall around the stuck tip, remove it. If the drill breaks during operation, then its remnants are removed from the clamp, and a piece stuck in the wall is drilled out or simply cut off with a grinder at the same level with the working surface.
Detailed instructions for securing the drill in the hammer drill in the video below.
Chucks used by the tool
How to insert a drill into a hammer drill? The SDS cartridge was invented for quick installation of the nozzle and its change. This mechanism was developed in the 30s of the last century. To fix the drill in the device, you just need to insert it, slightly turning it, feel the grooves and click it into place. The SDS mechanism aligns the balls with the shank slots and locks it securely. In order to remove the nozzle back, you need to push the chuck towards the perforator body and pull out the drill. To make the shank fit easily into the chuck, you need to lubricate it with graphite grease. This will also improve the sliding of the balls into the grooves. Repeat the procedure as the grease dries.
What is a puncher
With the widespread use of the hammer drill, construction and repair work has become much easier. Indeed, in cases in which it is required to drill holes in concrete, brick, asphalt, this device is irreplaceable. Wherever hammer drilling is required. It is also used for drill-specific tasks, although the hammer chuck is different.
This tool has three standard features:
- drilling without impact;
- drilling with a special hammer drill;
- punching holes with chisels, lances or blades.
Another difference between a hammer drill and a drill is that it has a lot of power. It starts at 700 W and goes up to 3 kW.
The list of works performed by the puncher is great:
- cutting holes of large diameter;
To accomplish these tasks, various attachments made of durable materials are used.
For drilling holes in concrete or brick, there are high-strength steel drills with victorious tips. There are several types of shanks to fix them in the chuck:
- SDS plus. This variety is the most common. It is used for drills with a diameter of 4-26 mm.
- SDS max. This type of shank has a longer bore. They are used in heavy, high power tools. The diameter of these drills is over 26 mm. The length of these drills. from 25 cm to 1.2 m.
- SDS quick. This is a rare type of shank. They are used in Bosch rotary hammers. How to insert a drill with a similar shank into a conventional tool? To do this, you need to change the cartridge.
On the tail end, all attachments are identical. The working part differs depending on the function:
- Drills are used to drill holes. The difference in tips will depend on the hardness of the material to be drilled.
- Crowns are used to cut large diameter holes. For example, for an outlet or for a plant in a water pipe room.
Possible cartridge malfunctions and their elimination
Frequent cartridge malfunction. impossibility of fixing the nozzle. The inserted drill flies back during operation. There is a simple reason for this, and everyone can fix it on their own. To do this, you need to disassemble the cartridge:
- Remove the rubber boot by prying it off the end with a small flat screwdriver.
- Remove the retaining ring with the same screwdriver.
- Remove the plastic boot.
After that, the entire mechanism becomes visible. Most often, such a malfunction is caused by the wear of the steel ring that fixes the balls of the SDS mechanism. Constant shock loads wear out the ring walls, rendering it unusable.
To eliminate the cause, replace the retaining ring with a new one. Then put everything together in reverse order.
Drill chucks are not designed for shock loading. What if it is out of order? To begin with, determine the nature of the breakdown. If the key slips when tightened, then you just need to replace it. In the event of a malfunction of the internal mechanism, it is necessary to replace the cartridge itself on the shank. To do this, you should:
- Clamp the shank in a vice.
- Expand the collet to the maximum diameter.
- Unscrew the screw that will be inside. Attention: the screw has a non-standard left-hand thread. So, you need to unscrew it clockwise.
- Remove the chuck from the shank and install a new one.
- Tighten the screw.
Before you insert the drill into the hammer drill with a new chuck, you should check its performance.
How to insert a drill into a hammer drill: instructions for use, operation and repair
Electric hand tools have gained a lot of popularity in recent years. One of the most popular is the hammer drill. It is used in any production and domestic environment.
Correct use of this tool will not only extend its service life, but also save on consumables. Rotary hammer drills differ from those used in drills, which means that their mounting method will be different. How to correctly insert the drill into the hammer drill, consider below.
Is it possible to insert a drill of a conventional drill into a hammer drill?
The drill of a conventional drill is different. There are no grooves, no grooves, no hooks on its shank. However, for drilling metal you need just a simple one. How to insert a drill into a hammer drill in this case?
For this, a removable chuck is used, which has a shank, like a conventional nozzle, and is inserted into the SDS mechanism. These cartridges come in two flavors:
Cam type. It is a key operated collet. There are teeth around the perimeter of this chuck that form a gear. The wrench meshes with these teeth and the torque is transmitted through the gearbox to the collet mechanism, clamping or releasing the drill.
If the drill is stuck
It happens that in the process of work, an unlubricated shank leads to seizure. The fixing mechanism is packed with drilling dust and the drill cannot be pulled out. What to do in this case? No need to panic or immediately run to repair. The use of penetrating lubricants will solve this problem. These products are available in aerosol cans and have a low consistency. Therefore, they operate in places that are difficult to access. To remove the drill, you need to inject grease directly into the drill hole and leave the tool alone for 10-15 minutes. Then, with smooth, rocking movements, remove the drill.
It must be remembered that before inserting the drill into the hammer drill, the shank must be lubricated. This will save the patron for years to come.
Another budget tool for working with porcelain stoneware is feather (lance-shaped) borax for tiles. They are used if the diameter of the recess does not exceed 12 mm. The tool is equipped with a tip in the form of a cut feather (spear) sharpened at an acute angle on only one side. With its help, you can prepare a place for the dowel, but for this you have to make considerable efforts: the drill moves very slowly, and with strong pressure it risks breaking. Nevertheless, it makes it possible to save on expensive professional equipment.
How to drill a hole in porcelain stoneware
It should be understood that porcelain stoneware tiles cannot be processed with a canopy. That is, the method in which the workpiece is fixed on the workbench in such a way that its processed part hangs above the floor is unacceptable. Otherwise, the material will split into pieces during the drilling process.
Using a punch, you need to turn off the impact mode in a timely manner, otherwise the finish will be hopelessly damaged.
When processing, hold the tool strictly perpendicular to the veneer.
Often, in an already tiled wall, it is required to make several holes of different diameters. For example, for laying plumbing or ventilation pipes. In this situation, a special circular drill will come in handy, which builders call a “ballerina”. The design of the device resembles a compass: a working part with a cutting edge is fixed on the axial element by means of a long lever. The lever allows you to set a certain radius. Sharpening can be made from pobedit or have diamond (corundum) spraying. However, despite this, the tip quickly deteriorates.
Before work, buy a protective plastic grill (if it is not included in the kit): the limiter will not allow construction dust to scatter to the sides.
We considered how to drill porcelain stoneware at home. Summarize. With a limited budget, it is better to use a lance-shaped gimlet or a drill (crown) with a working element from Pobedit. If you need to get the job done as quickly as possible, it is advisable to purchase several electroplated diamond tools. In order to drill a large number of indentations, you will have to spend money on a product with diamond chips, which were fixed by the sintering method. the most expensive option. Slots of different diameters can be made with a special device for circular drilling. a ballerina. It will be much cheaper than buying a separate diamond core bit for each size.
Diamond coated tools
Sometimes it is necessary to make a large number of indentations in the wall. not 2-3, but 5-10 or more. In this case, it is easier to purchase a gimbal with a sputtering applied by the sintering method. This technology is distinguished by the fact that diamond chips are attached to the base using hard solder, which consists of an alloy containing manganese or chromium. The hardened bond firmly holds the crystal fragments on the cutting element, thereby significantly increasing its resource. Similar drill bits for porcelain stoneware can be used for both dry and wet drilling.
The tool made in this way is highly reliable, but it also costs a lot.
How and how to drill porcelain stoneware tiles
Porcelain stoneware tiles have good consumer qualities, therefore they are constantly used in the decoration of modern apartments and houses. It is not surprising that the need to process such cladding arises quite often. For this, various technologies and devices are used. We will tell you how to drill porcelain stoneware tiles on the floor or on the wall.
All about drilling in porcelain stoneware
Working with a ballerina
The first step is to fix the cutter of the device at the distance from the axle post, which will correspond to the required radius of the hole. The distance can vary from 15 to 45 mm. It is recommended to make a small indentation in the center of the circle to be cut before starting drilling. It will help to correctly install the ballerina and avoid her displacement in the future.
In places where processing is expected, the surface of the material should be lubricated with machine oil (excluding the hole in the center).
After fixing the device in the drill chuck, you can start drilling at low speeds. It is very important not to exert too much effort when doing this. Overloading the torch can damage the tile or break the tool. In addition, you need to firmly hold the drill in your hands, avoiding distortions, otherwise the process will go unevenly: some part of the intended circle will be cut out, and some will not. To prevent the ballerina’s working elements from overheating, drilling must be carried out with periodic stops.
Drilling instructions win
When using drills with a victorious tip, it is necessary to set the rotational speed of the drill or screwdriver to 500 rpm. If we are talking about working with a diamond drill, then the optimal speed for it is 1500 rpm. In both cases, so that the tool does not slide on the surface of the tile, it is better to seal the treatment site with masking tape.
Before drilling on the wall, gently tap it: if the sound gives out the presence of voids, you will have to give up the work, since such a finish will not withstand the processing. It is undesirable to touch the seams. this is fraught with the appearance of cracks. As a last resort, the hole must be made strictly in the middle of the joint.
As soon as the drill goes through the tile and reaches the concrete, change the drill to one that is designed for this particular material. If, of course, there is still a need to go deeper. The last two recommendations also apply to tiles laid as a topcoat on the floor.
When working on a workbench (or table), porcelain stoneware should be firmly fixed and ensure that there is a solid substrate (plywood or drywall) under its entire area.
The video shows the drilling process.
What you need to work?
- Rotary hammer or impact drill
- Concrete drill or drill
Stages of anchor installation
Stage 1: drilling a hole. It is important to remember that the diameter of the hole must match the diameter of the expansion part of the anchor so that it can be easily installed in this base. The hole depth must be exactly equal to the length of the spacer. If you drill deeper, the anchor can fall into the wall. Use a depth gauge, if available on your drill, to drill the hole to the desired depth. Otherwise, make a mark on the drill to which you will drill.
DIY with MI. Fixing a Burnt Out Drill
Stage 2: hole cleaning. After drilling, chips accumulate inside the hole, which will interfere with the installation of the anchor. a large amount of concrete chips will not allow the spacer part to fully enter the base. To get rid of it, use a construction vacuum cleaner or blow out the dust by hand, for example, with a rubber bulb.
Stage 3: sealing fasteners. In a dust-free hole, install the expansion part of the anchor. a shell or, as it is also called, a jacket. Hammer in to make it fully seated in the base. The edges of the spacer must not stick out. the entire element must be sealed in the hole, only the bolt head remains outside.
Stage 4: tightening the nut. To finally fix the two parts of the element. the spacer part and the bolt. and fix them in the hole, it is necessary to tighten the nut on the bolt head. To do this, use a wrench of a suitable size. By screwing in the threaded part of the bolt, the spacer part is deformed and firmly fixed in the base. It should be twisted until it becomes impossible to turn. Do not overdo it: as soon as the nut is tightened, the impact should be stopped so as not to disrupt the thread.
The anchor is a versatile and reliable fastener that can withstand heavy loads. It is it that is used when heavy suspended structures, bulky shelves and other massive elements are attached to concrete and brick walls. For the connection to be truly reliable, it is important to install the anchor correctly. Do you want to know how to do it? Let’s tell you in order.
How to install an anchor? Step-by-step instruction
Imagine hanging a heavy chandelier or mounting a massive shelf on the wall. If you have not come across what an anchor is before, and you are not familiar with such a task, you may have legitimate questions. What do you need to work? What are the steps for installing this type of fastener? Are there any nuances? You will find the answers to them in this article.
Now you theoretically know how to install the anchor. However, in practice, one may encounter a number of difficulties caused both by the fasteners themselves and by the base material into which they will be fixed. There are several important rules to help you avoid the most common mistakes beginner masters make.
- Anchors are not anchored in hollow brick. In such material, they do not fulfill their function. they do not adhere to the base.
- When installing elements in a solid brick, it is important to observe the permissible size of the fastener. its diameter should be no more than 8 mm, otherwise the brick may crack.
- If you are installing an anchor in a concrete wall, the distance from the edge of the wall should be 2.5 times the drilling depth.
- When it is impossible to completely remove concrete chips from the hole, it is allowed to deepen it by 15. 20 mm so that the spacer part completely enters the base.
- Consider the load-bearing capacity of the anchors and do not exceed the permissible load. Typically, this information is given on the packaging of the fasteners.
Key gear chuck
Key chucks allow the drill to be clamped with a suitable key. The key is a rod with a lever with a small toothed wheel mounted on the rod. A hole is made on the chuck for fixing the key shaft and a circular toothed crown corresponding to the key profile.
In order to compress or unclench the cams, you need to insert the rod into the groove, put the gear on the teeth of the crown and rotate the key in the appropriate direction.
Usually all keys are identical and fit a different instrument, but there are exceptions. For example, some expensive brands make peculiar keys with individual sizes and profiles.
In any case, the key, due to its small size, is very easy to lose, and without it, it will be very difficult to insert and remove the drill. Therefore, many craftsmen tie the key to the tool handle.
Drilling different materials
In order to quickly and efficiently drill a metal surface, you need to choose the right drill. the sharpening of the cutting edge is significantly different, as is the grade of steel from which the cutting tool is made. When working, you need to set low speed, and the pressure should be strong, but such that the drill does not break. The place of the proposed drilling is marked with a plumbing core. It is necessary to make a small indentation so that the drill is firmly hooked on the metal and does not “walk” on its surface.
In order to drill the tiles, some craftsmen use a thin wooden plank. On the tile we mark the place of the hole, then we attach a wooden gasket and carefully drill so that the delicate surface does not crack.This method can be used to drill tiles in the bathroom or in the kitchen, set the maximum speed on the drill.
When it is necessary to make large holes in a tree, then use drills with a thicker diameter or special nozzles. Some specialists use a powerful, but low-speed (no more than 600 rpm) drill for twisting screw piles on a personal plot. Installation is carried out by the method of gradual pressing into the ground with the simultaneous screwing of a pre-assembled pile structure, while using special nut heads of various diameters.
Self sharpening drill
When using a carbide-tipped drill (drill), it wears out from impacts and friction. At the same time, the soldering does not have time to develop its resource before the drill breaks. This is especially noticeable on a large diameter tool. This leads to a decrease in work productivity and unnecessary costs for consumables. Therefore, it makes sense to sharpen the drills yourself. To do this, you need to use a sharpening machine (emery).
When sharpening the drill yourself, it is important to keep the original corners made at the factory. Their values are: 30 degrees. front edge, 60 degrees. back
For greater accuracy of sharpening, a device is made from a corner, which fixes the drill in the desired position when sharpening it.
Device and purpose
The screwdriver is used for various construction and repair work, but its main function is to quickly screw in and tighten fasteners: self-tapping screws, screws, bolts, screws. It helps you tackle a large volume of tasks in significantly less time than using a screwdriver.
Budget screwdrivers of low and medium power are used in the assembly, installation and dismantling of furniture, equipment, the construction of frame structures (partitions, walls, suspended ceilings) and other objects. Powerful hammering tool handles hole drilling.
In addition to the standard operations listed in the instructions for the screwdriver, it can be used for other tasks. Using a mixer nozzle, they are kneaded with thin solutions. Through a special adapter, connect the device to an ice drill to quickly make holes.
Most screwdrivers are made of plastic, which reduces the overall weight of the tool. Inside the case are located:
- engine. Depending on the type of device, it can be electric or pneumatic. The former are powered by a network or accumulator, the latter are powered by a compressed air tank or compressor.
- Reducer. Gear mechanism that transfers rotary motion from the motor to the spindle.
- Regulator clutch. Connected to the gearbox, it is used to adjust the screwing depth and torque.
- Starting capacitor. He starts the engine.
- Chuck. Bits, drills, socket heads are inserted into it. The most common quick-clamping three- or four-jaw.
- Power supply (battery) and / or power cord.
On the case there is a control panel with a power button, a speed switch. To work in the unscrewing mode, reverse is used. Additionally, the screwdriver can be illuminated, a fuse.
Table: types of shanks for rock drills
|Shank type||Diameter, mm||Application|
|SDS-plus shank||10.0||Most rock drills are small to medium power. Many different cutting tools and attachments are available for the SDS-plus shank.|
|SDS-max shank||18.0||Professional equipment and high power rock drills.|
Types of cartridges for drills, screwdrivers
Hand drills and screwdrivers are often used for drilling operations. When working with them, drills are used that have a cylindrical shank. The shank of the drill is clamped using a collet mechanism.
Fixation of the drill shank for a screwdriver or drills of a cylindrical and prismatic shape occurs due to the clutch of the chuck’s jaws. Usually the mechanism has three cams and, accordingly, is called three cam.
To understand how to insert a drill into a drill, you need to install the type of installed chuck.
There are two most common types of chuck for drills and screwdrivers:
- toothed chuck clamped with a key;
- chuck with quick clamping system.
Wrenches are designed to work with nuts and bolts
Screwdrivers-nutrunners are designed to facilitate and simplify the implementation of threaded connections of the nut-bolt type. Manufacturers offer 4 types of impact wrenches:
- powered by the mains;
Instruments of any of the listed types can be equipped with a percussion mechanism. It transmits an increased impulse to the rotary motion, which makes it possible to unscrew and break off “stuck” and rusted nuts. After the result is achieved and the fastener has succumbed, the impact function is turned off and works as usual.