How to fix a drill on a rack. Drill stand: buy or do it with your own hands?

DIY drilling machine from rack and manual electric drill.

Good afternoon everyone! In this review, I will show how to make a small simple drilling machine from the purchased rack under the drill and the existing, but rarely used, manual electric drill. I tried to make a finished and convenient device for amateur and household needs, without complaints about professional application. As always, in the review the description of the process, drawings, and the result obtained.

All the previous years to drill holes, I quite cost an electric screwdriver, well, very rarely with a hand drill. This was quite enough, on the details with a small thickness of problems there were no problems. Another question is to drill clearly vertical holes in the large thickness of the material, sometimes it turns out to control the verticality of the drill, sometimes not very. Smilling a smaller hole with a drill of a larger diameter: often, when drilling, the original center of the hole could shift, depending on how he finds himself a drill.

To avoid all these problems, responsible details and blanks must be drilled on a drilling machine, which naturally does not. I already reached the condition when the drilling machine is needed, but what exactly I want from it, what parameters are important to me, and which one needs to choose. I do not know yet. Therefore, to develop experience and form future needs, for better and effective investing in a drilling machine in the future, I decided to exercise on a home.made machine from a rack for a hand drill.

You could just buy a rack, place a drill in it and use it, but I needed to make convenient turning on and off the drill, as well as convenient rotation speed adjustment. Therefore, I decided to make a small pedestal for the rack, with the controls placed in it, as well as a box for drills and other accessories. And at the very base of the rack, I decided to make a wider table for placing and fixing blanks for drilling. During the design, this design turned out to be such a design (a stand and a drill in the model others, I took from 3D Warehouse):

The design of the box is as follows, with an organizer installed in it for frequently used drills:

Having studied the open spaces of the network and reviews, the already well.known stand for the Encor 20090 drill was chosen with a whole.metal column and cast.iron base and a carriage. (Rack passport) several photos of unpacking and assembly:

People in reviews write about backlash in a plastic guide carriage, and a small backlash at the point of the frame, but not everyone. I got the backlash of a plastic guide, which was cured simply by laying a piece of plastic from the paper folder. The backlash disappeared in general, the carriage began to walk up and down tight, but thick silicone lubricant removed this problem. The stand is excellent, heavy, monumental!

An old, but peppy drill Interskol Du13/780er acted as the working part of our machine:

The drill went tightly into the receiving nest on the rack, there are no backlash, the fixation is excellent:

drill, rack, stand, your

We begin to collect our pedestal with a box. Drink the details of the pedestal. In the project, I laid a plywood 10 mm thick, but it so happened that I had already stood a 12mm sheet, which for some reason I took 10 mm, my dimensions floated from this and I could not understand why): for a long time):

We cut the details of the internal drawer, the bottom of the box from the plywood 6mm:

Cook and glue the back and front plugs of the pedestal:

For a drawer, we use furniture ball guides:

To attach the box to the hinges, he laid a sheet of plywood nearby and put four 10 ruble coins to create a uniform gap between the box and the base of the pedestal:

We cut and glue the box panel on the PVA, the gaps are also adjusted with coins:

Do not forget to make a pen for opening a box:

What parts will the device consist of?

DRAMEDROMENDS must be the following nodes:

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  • Stanin. This is the main support element of the future machine.
  • Stark. It is necessary for fastening the carriage with the drill and its movement.
  • The mechanism of the course. The most common option is a special pen. With its help, you can move the drill to the drilled part.
  • Additional nodes. With their help, you can expand the capabilities of the rack.

How to make a bed?

Home.made drift holders must be installed on stable beds. For the manufacture of this assembly, you can use a steel plate 1 cm thick or a strong wooden board, the thickness of which should be at least 2 cm. Also, a thick piece of woody plate, plywood or textolite are suitable for this purpose. The massiveness of the bed depends on the power of the power tool. The higher it is, the thicker the reason should be. It is desirable that the width of the bed is 200 mm, and the length is 500-750 mm. To the bed located horizontally, using screws or screws, the main vertical rack and support should be attached. It is recommended to screw these parts of the machine from below through the bed.

DRAMEDROM holders will be stronger if their racks are additionally connected to supporting metal corners.

How to make a bed?

Home.made drift holders must be installed on stable beds. For the manufacture of this assembly, you can use a steel plate 1 cm thick or a strong wooden board, the thickness of which should be at least 2 cm. Also, a thick piece of woody plate, plywood or textolite are suitable for this purpose. The massiveness of the bed depends on the power of the power tool. The higher it is, the thicker the reason should be. It is desirable that the width of the bed is 200 mm, and the length is 500-750 mm. To the bed located horizontally, using screws or screws, the main vertical rack and support should be attached. It is recommended to screw these parts of the machine from below through the bed.

DRAMEDROM holders will be stronger if their racks are additionally connected to supporting metal corners.

How the stand is made?

DRASE holders must be equipped with racks. It is on the quality of manufacture of this unit that the quality of drilling work will depend in the future. So that the drill does not deviate, but, therefore, does not spoil the workpiece and did not break, it is important for the master in the manufacture of the rack to observe a strict vertical in relation to the bed. You can make a guide vertical rack from a bar, a plywood plate, pipes or a metal profile. It all depends on the imagination and the availability of the right material.

Holder for a drill. This is a simple device for those who do not have emery. Will be useful to any master.

How to choose material?

The choice of material for the rack is determined depending on the further functions of the resulting machine. If with its help it is only planned to be drilled, then the design is allowed to assemble from ordinary woods. If the stand should turn out to be more mobile and functional, then it is worth making some details from steel. A drill bed is traditionally made either from a wooden sheet with a thickness exceeding twenty millimeters, or from a metal plate with a thickness of at least ten millimeters. The specific choice of material and its thickness should depend on the power of the drill used. In addition, it can be strengthened with an additional layer of plywood of the required size. so the surface will turn out to be perfectly even and more convenient for operation.

The stand on which the drill itself is located is also made either from a metal or wooden slab. In addition to the guides, a clip for fixing the drilling tool should be created on it. The carriage can again be implemented from wood or metal.

Separately, it is worth mentioning the possibility of making a machine from an old photo surgeon.

Such a system, as a rule, is equipped with a suitable bed, and a counter, and even a control mechanism equipped with a handle. The drill in this case will move using the photo enurert handle, which should be cranked. Before operation, it will be enough only to remove the tank with a light bulb and lenses and install a clamp for drums in a vacant place.

In addition, it will be possible to create a machine from the steering rack. In this case, the part is most often taken from a domestic auto industry, for example, VAZ, Tavria or and acts as a rack and a lifting mechanism. The base will need to be made independently. The advantages of handmade design are called a small price and accessibility of materials that can be purchased at enterprises or even find on their own among waste. parts that were previously in use are not a problem. Among the disadvantages of such a specific machine call it an unpresentable appearance, as well as not too outstanding accuracy.

By the way, for the manufacture of a home.made machine, one important rule applies: the more powerful the drill that is meant to use, the stronger the whole auxiliary structure should be. In the situation when the stand is made of wood, it should be understood that this material is quite weak, able to deteriorate when changing humidity in the room, and also often subjected to backlash.


At the preparation stage, two main steps must be taken. The first is to find drawings of the most suitable design on the Internet. Second. prepare the required tools and materials.

For example, to create a simplest rack for a drill, you will need:

  • Boards made of wood, the thickness of which reaches twenty millimeters;
  • medium.sized wooden box;
  • Furniture guides;
  • threaded rod responsible for the possibility of moving in the structure;
  • about twenty screws and thirty screws;
  • The carpentry glue.

In addition, it is worth preparing a saw, a clamp, screwdrivers, sandpaper and, of course, the drill itself.

TOP-9. Sparta 934055

  • Average
  • Country: China
  • Height (mm): 470
  • Drill’s nest diameter (mm): 43
  • Working stroke (mm): 72
  • Base size (mm): 226 × 226
  • Weight (kg): 2.55

At the first glance at this tool, it may seem that it has a professional purpose. Confident confidence in a large closed carriage, a high platform with a diagonal arrangement of slots. Even a vise is included, which is quite rare. At the same time, and involuntarily creeps the thought of some trick. He really is. In almost all details, silumin was used. The metal is fragile and short.lived. Should not be subjected to high loads. It turns out that we have the most ordinary household stand. But already with a vice and ready for work. A good option for your money, if you use it only from time to time.

TOP-5. Caliber 96202

The model is equipped with an elongated handle and a slope immersion scale. Very convenient with accurate work and does not limit the use of some non.standard drills.

  • Characteristics
  • Average
  • Country:
  • Height (mm): 400
  • Working stroke (mm): 60
  • Base size (mm): 162 × 162
  • Weight (kg): 2.02

Drilling stand, like any other tool, can be everyday and professional. Now we have something average. From a professional tool there are auxiliary modules. There is a ruler and a depth limiter, as well as a spring lock in the selected position. There is also a very long handle, which adds an instrument of convenience, especially if a drill with a large handle is used. At the same time, a stand of only 1.5 thousand will cost, which corresponds to the household goods. You can’t call a low.quality model in any way. The base is completely steel. Stainless vertical pipe, and a cast iron carriage. In general, a great option for which it is quite difficult to find shortcomings.

Practice of working with a homemade counter

The device is primitively simple, collects without welding, which is very convenient. The most difficult thing in all work is to cut the profile into the desired segments. Everything else will take a few minutes.

And here is another one that is not complicated in execution and accessible in the materials of the stand in the video-master class:

Posters under the electric drill. Tasks

The developers of these devices are focused on the following starting conditions:

  • The drill stand should be able to accurately position the drill. For the perpendicular entry of the tool into the working surface, this is necessary in cases where the thickness of the part exceeds two diameters. Otherwise, the fasteners will enter the drilled hole at an angle, which is unacceptable.
  • The drill stand should provide for the possibility of drilling holes at different angles, up to 60 70 0 inclusive.
  • The device is unconditionally necessary when working with particularly solid materials, when at the initial moment the drill can slide over the surface and does not fall into a pre.assigned hole.
  • Expansion of the range of capabilities of the existing electrode. In particular, in the presence of a reliable rack, the tool can also be used for the task of milling flat surfaces.

Thus, the drill stand allows you to turn the drill into a real mini-station. Especially if the supporting surface of the rack, either in itself is quite massive, or has the possibility of convenient attachment to a locksmithing workbench.

The standard device of modern racks under the electric drill provides for the following:

  • Supporting plate with T-shaped grooves for the clamping of the processed workpiece. Play can be located parallel to the dimensions of the base, or made according to the diagonals of the supporting surface. Alternatively, it is possible to equip with a vice, however, this increases the size of the equipment;
  • An adjustable flight, as a result of which the rack can be used when working with overall blanks, the retention of which is problematic, and is undesirable in terms of safety precautions;
  • The ability to adjust the high.altitude location of the tool;
  • Mechanical restriction of drilling depth;
  • The stability of fasteners from vibrations that occur during the work of the drill: vibrations should be completely absorbed by the resistance.

At the same time, even a good drill stand does not solve all issues. For example, in fact, there cannot be a universal (and, at the same time, reliable) nest for mounting a drill from any manufacturer, since the unification of this kind of tool is more often unrealistic.

A certain alternative to the racks are guides for electric drill, the use of which is solved a simpler problem. the exact direction of the drill. However, with prolonged drilling the hand of a person working with such a device, they also get tired.

Overview of the sizes of the racks under the electrode

The designs of devices are known as domestic (from brands Kraton, Caliber, Encor, etc.), and imported production. companies of Germany, China and Bulgaria. Consider some of them.

The features of steel racks for the DRALE model 5027000 Wolfcraft (Germany) are: are:

  • The design of the main support column, to which the steel rail is joined, which is included in the engagement with the wheel of the support unit. This ensures accurate positioning of the rack relative to the processed surface. At the same time, spontaneous turning of the drill during drilling is excluded.
  • The presence of a spring with which the drill is returned to the original position, which is useful with multiple performing the same type of operations.
  • Mechanical limiter of the depth of the hole drilling. The node is equipped with a calculation scale with a 1 mm division price.
  • To drill several holes of the same depth, a button is provided on the rack, which provides an automatic shutdown of the tool.
  • Massive cast.iron slab is equipped with captive paws fixing the workpiece.

Some Wolfcraft sizes have a two.walled design, and are supplied with an additional handle to hold the drill and prevent it from slipping.

The reliability and prolonged performance of the German production tool is well known. At the same time, the landing diameter of the rack for the drill is constant, and does not have the ability to adjust, and the mounting vice in the main set of devices is not included. The mass of the rack assembly. about 8.5 kg. is sufficient for use with droplets weighing not more than 1.7 kg (it is known that the minimum ratio of the masses of the supporting and vibrating tool should not be less than 5.22; with possible shock loads, the specified ratio increases to to ten). Product price. within 7000 7500

Bulgarian company Sparky (g. Lovech) produces, in addition to electric drifts, also racks for them, which greatly facilitates the work with the equipment. The tool produced under the German license is quite reliable, so the user, purchasing any electric carrier from Sparky, can simultaneously buy a rack, especially since the price for them is quite democratic: 3500 4000

The constructive features of the Sparky racks are considered:

drill, rack, stand, your
  • Complete unification for the manufacturer electrode.
  • The need to use clamping vice, since on the supporting there are only seats for tibing grips.
  • The presence of a return spring.
  • The clamp washing of the electric drill, which does not have a fixation unit, and therefore, with prolonged drilling, needs its periodic pull.up.
  • There is no device to limit the move of the drill when working the main tool.
  • The main mounting frame is made of aluminum, and therefore has a limited stiffness.

It should be noted that the racks from this brand are not recommended for drifts with a capacity of more than 1000 watts. Although the manufacturer guarantees the stability of a rack for a drill weighing up to 3 kg, almost such racks satisfactorily perform their functions when using a tool weighing up to 1.5 1.6 kg. over, the mass of the rack itself is 6 kg.

The domestic brand caliber releases its own line of racks for power tools, including for drills. The most popular model caliber 96202 is different:

  • The presence of diagonally located T-shaped grooves intended for the installation of gripping paws.
  • The terminal method of the clip of the drill, which provides a reliable fixation of the tool with moderate values ​​of vibrations.
  • A graduated scale on a movable carriage, which greatly facilitates the preliminary installation of a drill before operation.
  • Nests for attaching the rack to the locksmith workbench, which removes restrictions on the mass of the electrodele used. Therefore, the mass of the rack is small. only 2 kg.

The price of racks caliber is in the range of 1400 1500, which is also a consumer advantage of this product.

Drill stand

Hi all! In this topic I will consider a budget rack for a drill. Devices with a similar design under different discretions are enough in offline and domestic online stores, therefore, I believe that the said below partially describes these goods. The tool is supplied in such a cardboard box naturally disassembled (though in the original, each part is in a separate bag, and in the photo it is already my labors) to assemble the rack will not be difficult, but just in case the manufacturer attached the instructions, and there is a product on the product page The assembly video is twisted with a complete hexagonal key 5 mm. As a result, we get such a design, but, about everything in order. The base is an aluminum sole with a wall thickness of 2 mm and a large number of stiffeners. It has two fasteners to the table, 11 mm with a diameter of 130 mm. Also, the hole F10 for the output of the drill and grooves to fix the vice. On the sole, using two bolts, a steel tube with a diameter of 25 mm and a length of 400 mm is fixed. It is a guide for the movement mechanism. The mechanism itself is also made of aluminum alloy. Consists of two parts, mobile and motionless, interconnected by a rather powerful spring. Place for installing a drill has a diameter of 43mm. But the kit has two plastic rings with a wall thickness of 1 and 2 mm, with which the planting diameter can be reduced. The device provides a line of drilling depth, with a scale of up to 60mm, which corresponds to the maximum depth of drilling. Next to it is a bolt for fixing the pin-border guards of the drilling depth. Having dismantled the plastic linings, the functionality of which was limited only to the place for storing a complete hexagon, you can consider all the components of the mechanism. But this is what the rack assembled with the installed drill when installing the drill F10 looks, the distance between the site and the tip of the drill is about 85 mm. Part of this space will occupy a vice. It is time to figure out what this device is in practice. First of all, the roughness of the guide pipe is striking. Such gross processing will certainly lead to the wear of the movement mechanism and the appearance of backlash, since the latter is made of aluminum. I eliminated this drawback by replacing the guide pipe. I just had the right diameter. Thus I got a smoother surface and added heights. After installation on the table, another weak point was discovered. The sole has insufficient rigidity in the place marked in the photo. This became especially noticeable after installing a longer guide. As a result of which the guide pipe, at loads, may deviate from the perpendicular. This moment decided to install an additional fastener bolt. Directly at the bottom of the guide, welded a nut for him. In the photo, you can work now. True we need another vice. On their manufacture and decided to experience the work of the tool. Probably the main parameter of the accuracy of such a tool is the ability to get a perpendicular hole. For verification, I made two holes with a depth of 40 mm and installed pins in them. Now, with the help of the square, we look that it turned out to eat a slight deviation, but this is not a drilling machine, I think most similar racks will show such a result. It should also be noted that the workpiece was not recorded in a vice, but held by a hand, and the wooden lining could also be not perfect. In the future I will try to adjust the perpendicularity to the vice. Measurements with a caliper showed the difference in interdosseary distances 0.4 mm in general, the result satisfied me. I wanted to finish the vice and show them in the review, but the place in which the screw was planned, did not succumb to the drilling at the existing drill. Therefore, I postponed the finalization for later. Having worked for some time with this tool, I can say that similar devices will not replace a regular drilling machine. The case is the speed of drilling. In most cases, the drilling is best done at low speeds, and when the low speed is set for a drill, its power falls. This is especially felt when using drills from F10 mm. You can, of course, be embarrassed with one hand to adjust the feed, and with the other to try to hold the necessary turns with the button on the drill. But in this case, both hands are busy, and somehow it is necessary to serve cooked. Despite these inconvenience, the accuracy of drilling will still be higher (especially on a completely adjusted mechanism) than manually drilling a drill. Finally, a short video:

That’s all. I wrote everything as it is, if I missed something-ask questions, I will be glad to the opposite dialogue. Thank you all for your attention.

Product for writing a review is provided with a store. The review is published in accordance with P.18 Rules of the site.

The mechanism of movement of the drill is vertically

Structural elements of the node:

  • The handle with which a carriage with a drill fixed on it is brought to the surface of the processed part.
  • A spring returning a carriage with a tool to its original position.

The mechanism can be made using two design schemes:

The first option involves the following scheme:

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  • Two metal plates are fixed on the machine’s rack with screws, and the axis is installed between them, where the handle is placed.
  • On the other side of the rack, the plates and the axis are installed on which one end of the spring is fixed, the second end is connected to the handle.
  • The pin with which the handle connects to the carriage is located in the longitudinal frame of the carriage.

If the springs are located in the lower part of the return mechanism, the handle is also fixed using two plates and axis, which provides its movement. The springs in this scheme are located in the lower part of the grooves of the guides, finalized with the help of metal corners, which limit their movement.

The principle of operation of the drilling machine, where the springs are located at the bottom of the carriage, is quite simple: dropping down when drilling, a carriage with a tool mounted on it presses on the springs and compresses them; After the cessation of this mechanical exposure, the springs are unclenched and raised a carriage with a drill to its original position.

Additional equipment of the machine

Additional prefixes will allow the use of a machine for drilling holes at an angle and perform simple turning and milling technological operations.

To carry out milling work on this equipment, you need to ensure horizontal movement of the processed part, for which a mobile horizontal table is used with a grip to fix the processed part. The best drive of this table will be a screw gear, which is set in motion with a handle.

With the help of a home.made drilling machine, where the hand.headed drill plays the role of the work head, holes at an angle are drilled if the machine is equipped with a rotary plate with holes in the arc. On this plate capable of rotating on the axis, which is fixed on the machine stand, is a carriage and a drill. The holes on the rotary plate are made at angles of 30 °, 45 ° and 60 °. Mechanism manufacturing procedure:

  • A hole for the axis is drilled in the center of the machine and the rotary plate in the center.
  • Using the transporter on the rotary plate, the axes of holes located at the most common corners are planned, and holes are drilled.
  • Using axial holes on the rack and plate, two of these elements are combined and fixed with bolts.
  • Three holes are drilled on the rack to fix the rotary plate with pins.

The rotary plate is rotated to the desired angle with the tool mounted on it and is fixed with three pins connecting the motionless and rotary part of the rack.

Machines with a rotary plate can also be used to perform simple turning work. For these operations, a drill using a rotary plate is located horizontally.