How To Hammer A Pipe Into The Ground With A Puncher

Finding a water pipe in the ground with your own hands
The need to determine the location of the pipeline arises when you need to dig a foundation pit or trench. It is not always known where the pipes pass, but the problem can be solved. To find water pipes underground, you need to use our publication

Administrative ways to find water pipes underground

In the city, when installing the water supply, cables are laid in the red zone along the street. But you should not count on the fact that in this case everything is done exactly that way.

Installation is always carried out on the basis of technical documentation using technical means. On the plan, the installation site is indicated with reference to stationary objects (buildings, structures, etc.). And to find out where it is, it is enough to contact the communal structures, and read the information.

And in order to have a clear idea of ​​where the T’s are located, you need to know:

  • Information about the presence of underground communications at the site;
  • The depth of the pipeline and cables;
  • Precise routing with anchor points and distances.

All necessary certificates and drawings are issued by the departments of architecture and urban planning. Otherwise, you will need to use other search methods.

Independent search for pipes underground

Of great importance is the material from which the required elements are made. It depends not only on how to find water pipes in the ground, but also what to look for, and what to do at the same time.

Technologies differ, and the modern method of self-searching for underground utilities can be aimed at determining the location:

  1. Metallic hot and cold water pipes.
  2. Steel heating “T” in the collectors.
  3. Power cables and wires of communication systems.
  4. Cast iron sewer mowing line.
  5. Plastic, polyethylene, polypropylene pipelines;
  6. Reinforced-plastic and ceramic technical means of supply and drainage.

Finding a water pipe in the ground with your own hands

The need to determine the location of the pipeline arises when you need to dig a pit or a trench. It is not always known where the pipes pass, but the problem can be solved. To find water pipes underground, you need to use our publication. “T” stands for pipe decoding.

  1. Administrative ways to find water pipes underground
  2. Engaging a specialized organization
  3. Independent search for pipes underground
  4. Metal detector application
  5. Special equipment and methods of working with it
  6. Search for water supply plastic pipes
  7. Budget option using a frame
  8. Let’s sum up

Special equipment and methods of working with it

Ground-penetrating radars are special equipment used to search for underground communications. The pipe can be found using:

Types of equipment used by companies to search for underground communications

  • Radars;
  • Radars;
  • Cable locators;
  • Track seekers;
  • Tracers;
  • Tracing stations;
  • Tape and marker-finders.

The choice depends on what exactly is being sought, as well as on the materials from which the sought object is made. Pipe tracing

Modern equipment ranges from mobile handheld devices to special expensive stations. In the latter case, information is transmitted to any point on the planet via a satellite. The principle of operation consists in scanning the ground at the time of the presence of induction fields surrounding the electrical cable. The induction method involves the use of a heterodyne receiver.

The following technologies are also distinguished:

  • Contact;
  • Active contactless;
  • Passive.

If metal is being sought, then a generator is connected to the pipeline. But if the object is made of plastic, a different method is used.

Engaging a specialized organization

This option is the most preferable as it is the safest way. The risk of damaging the route is completely excluded, and professionals with specialized equipment will look for a pipeline or cable.

Among the advantages of this method are the following:

  1. The estimated cost of the work and the deadlines for the completion of operations are indicated in the contract.
  2. In case of failure, the responsibility is imposed on the contractor (work performer).
  3. It is possible to plan the start of construction, and link the work of mechanization and construction teams.
  4. All costs associated with the operation of the equipment are borne by the contractor.
  5. Coordination of actions and drawing up an accurate plan is the responsibility of the hired company.
  6. Even if the water supply is laid deep (half a meter below the level of freezing of the soil), it will be found.

Specialized companies use professional technical tools to ensure maximum efficiency.

Budget option using a frame

Despite the fact that this method does not require investments, and it seems simple, a specialist should perform the actions. The thing is that there is no scientific explanation and description of technological features, and you have to rely on your own intuition.

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The bottom line is that two wires bent with the letter G intersect if they are placed above the pipeline.

In this case, it is important that the frames are not clamped in a fist. The procedure is repeated 5-6 times. This is necessary to be sure. If you step aside by 2-3 meters, the wires will disperse in different directions, and when they approach the axis of the water supply system or cable, they will cross again.

Most common mistakes when laying underground pipes

Underground laying of communications, of course, largely depends on the type of soil in a particular place. And, often, a lot of difficulties arise with him during work, since the composition of the soil may simply not make it possible to deepen the pipes to the distance laid down in SNiP. In particular, the ground can be very dense, rocky or waterlogged, so you simply cannot get to the desired depth. In this case, in winter, many difficulties can arise.

However, even in this case, there is a way out. Insulation of water supply pipes in a private house in various ways. In this case, it would be advisable to dig a trench as deep as possible and insulate the pipes well. See also: “Types of water pipes. Characteristics, advantages and disadvantages of materials.”

However, this method is not cheap at all and is associated with significant financial and labor costs. But it is still considered the most reliable. Of course, by doing all the work yourself, you can save a little, and even gain some experience that may come in handy in the future.

If you live in a region where winters are mild enough, then don’t go to extremes. It is not worth placing water pipes too close to the surface due to the risk of mechanical damage. At the same time, deepening them too much is fraught with cracks due to high soil pressure, which will eventually lead to system failure. See also: “Why are water pipes buzzing. Causes and ways to eliminate noise.”

Initial stage of work

Any laying of water pipes begins with drawing up a project. The scheme must be well developed, otherwise the pipeline system will not be able to function properly. This does not mean that the project should become an engineering miracle. The main thing is that you can easily navigate in the finished scheme, so that if errors occur during the work process, you can easily figure it out and quickly solve them.

How To Hammer A Pipe Into The Ground With A Puncher

The project must contain the following information:

  • The properties of the soil. Its type, is it loose, stony or sandy.
  • The area of ​​land on which the pipe will be laid. You need to calculate so that you can always consider the number of forks and entrances.

Subtleties of underground laying of water supply lines

When it comes to the aboveground part of the water supply system, here you need to give preference to products that are strong and reliable enough to successfully withstand temperature and pressure changes. In this case, the type of pipes described above is perfect, another advantage of which is the ease of installation with the help of fitting fasteners.

And to make it easier to decide which pipes for water supply in the ground are best suited in each specific case, you should pay attention to the existing ready-made water supply projects, proven by practice, and also take into account the requirements of technical standards. With this approach, you will get a low-cost and high-quality water supply system, moreover, laid without much effort.

Rules for laying pipes for water supply in the ground. Important details

Not a single modern private house is complete without a pipeline that is laid in the ground. Any water supply system requires special treatment. In this article, we will talk about how to lay a water pipe underground, and about the nuances that may arise during these works.

Any type of water supply system, if it is laid in compliance with all norms and requirements, will turn out to be of high quality, and will serve the entire allotted period of operation with maximum efficiency.

Water pipe laying depth

Of course, in order to properly lay pipes underground, it is worth considering many conditions, because any deviation from the norms can lead to malfunctions in the operation of the entire water supply system. For example, when deciding how much a pipe can be deepened into the ground, it is worth considering the material from which it is made.

In addition, it will be necessary to study the individual characteristics of each type of pipe in order to understand in which cases it is advisable to use this or that type of product.

As practice shows, a pipe for water supply of a private house under the ground of the “PND PN10” type, made of polyethylene, is considered optimal.

Products of this type are distinguished by the following qualities:

  • Absolute resistance to corrosion, unlike metal counterparts;
  • The permissible operating pressure in the system is 10 atmospheres, in addition, such pipes can be easily bent to obtain the desired configuration;
  • Resistance to temperature extremes during the change of seasons.

Technical standards for buried systems

You can find out information on how deep a pipe for a water supply system should run in the ground from a special document. SNiP. All the subtleties and characteristics for pipes made of various materials are spelled out there, and it is also described at what depth one or another type of product can be laid. In fact, this document contains a lot of various information, most of which will be for you, if not entirely interesting, then at least useful, because it will remove many related questions.

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According to the regulations, the minimum depth of laying any pipe is a distance of 1.5 meters, since, often, in winter, the soil freezes by about 1.4 meters. If such a depth is not observed, then you may encounter damage to water supply lines, which will significantly complicate, if not completely impossible, further operation of the system.

It should be noted that the depth of freezing largely depends on the type of soil in a particular region. To find out exactly this indicator, it is worth consulting with specialists who will tell you all the necessary information that you need to know. Armed with information, you can avoid many of the potential problems associated with temperature extremes and freezing.

Rules for laying pipes for water supply in the ground. Important details

Not a single modern private house is complete without a pipeline that is laid in the ground. Any water supply system requires special treatment. In this article, we will talk about how to lay a water pipe underground, and about the nuances that may arise during these works.

Any type of water supply system, if it is laid in compliance with all norms and requirements, will turn out to be of high quality, and will serve the entire allotted period of operation with maximum efficiency.

Most common mistakes when laying underground pipes

Underground laying of communications, of course, largely depends on the type of soil in a particular place. And, often, a lot of difficulties arise with him during work, since the composition of the soil may simply not make it possible to deepen the pipes to the distance laid down in SNiP. In particular, the ground can be very dense, rocky or waterlogged, so you simply cannot get to the desired depth. In this case, in winter, many difficulties can arise.

However, even in this case, there is a way out. Insulation of water supply pipes in a private house in various ways. In this case, it would be advisable to dig a trench as deep as possible and insulate the pipes well. See also: “Types of water pipes. Characteristics, advantages and disadvantages of materials.”

However, this method is not cheap at all and is associated with significant financial and labor costs. But it is still considered the most reliable. Of course, by doing all the work yourself, you can save a little, and even gain some experience that may come in handy in the future.

If you live in a region where winters are mild enough, then don’t go to extremes. It is not worth placing water pipes too close to the surface due to the risk of mechanical damage. At the same time, deepening them too much is fraught with cracks due to high soil pressure, which will eventually lead to system failure. See also: “Why are water pipes buzzing. Causes and ways to eliminate noise.”

Water pipe laying depth

Of course, in order to properly lay pipes underground, it is worth considering many conditions, because any deviation from the norms can lead to malfunctions in the operation of the entire water supply system. For example, when deciding how much a pipe can be deepened into the ground, it is worth considering the material from which it is made.

In addition, it will be necessary to study the individual characteristics of each type of pipe in order to understand in which cases it is advisable to use this or that type of product.

As practice shows, a pipe for water supply of a private house under the ground of the “PND PN10” type, made of polyethylene, is considered optimal.

Products of this type are distinguished by the following qualities:

  • Absolute resistance to corrosion, unlike metal counterparts;
  • The permissible operating pressure in the system is 10 atmospheres, in addition, such pipes can be easily bent to obtain the desired configuration;
  • Resistance to temperature extremes during the change of seasons.

Initial stage of work

Any laying of water pipes begins with drawing up a project. The scheme must be well developed, otherwise the pipeline system will not be able to function properly. This does not mean that the project should become an engineering miracle. The main thing is that you can easily navigate in the finished scheme, so that if errors occur during the work process, you can easily figure it out and quickly solve them.

The project must contain the following information:

  • The properties of the soil. Its type, is it loose, stony or sandy.
  • The area of ​​land on which the pipe will be laid. You need to calculate so that you can always consider the number of forks and entrances.

Technical standards for buried systems

You can find out information on how deep a pipe for a water supply system should run in the ground from a special document. SNiP. All the subtleties and characteristics for pipes made of various materials are spelled out there, and it is also described at what depth one or another type of product can be laid. In fact, this document contains a lot of various information, most of which will be for you, if not entirely interesting, then at least useful, because it will remove many related questions.

According to the regulations, the minimum depth of laying any pipe is a distance of 1.5 meters, since, often, in winter, the soil freezes by about 1.4 meters. If such a depth is not observed, then you may encounter damage to water supply lines, which will significantly complicate, if not completely impossible, further operation of the system.

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It should be noted that the depth of freezing largely depends on the type of soil in a particular region. To find out exactly this indicator, it is worth consulting with specialists who will tell you all the necessary information that you need to know. Armed with information, you can avoid many of the potential problems associated with temperature extremes and freezing.

Subtleties of underground laying of water supply lines

When it comes to the aboveground part of the water supply system, here you need to give preference to products that are strong and reliable enough to successfully withstand temperature and pressure changes. In this case, the type of pipes described above is perfect, another advantage of which is the ease of installation with the help of fitting fasteners.

And to make it easier to decide which pipes for water supply in the ground are best suited in each specific case, you should pay attention to the existing ready-made water supply projects, proven by practice, and also take into account the requirements of technical standards. With this approach, you will get a low-cost and high-quality water supply system, moreover, laid without much effort.

Technological options for installing pillars

To hammer supports into the ground, you should find out the characteristics of the soil, and also decide on the installation method. On stable non-moisture-saturated soils, pipes can be concreted onto the fence being installed without any problems.

In this case, there is no need to find out how much such work costs, it is enough just to prepare a few handy tools and invite an assistant. When deciding alone to install pipes on the fence without additional help, you can use hammering with a sledgehammer. One and a half-meter poles are often hammered in this way. It is worth knowing that this option is effective during the construction of fences on low-stony soils, which may include layers of dense soil rocks.

If the supports are three meters long, then in order to drive them into the ground, you need to use a device for driving piles, which is popularly called “grandma”. Thus, the pipe for your fence will be quickly and securely anchored in the ground. “Babka” is a construction of metal elements, about a meter long, which are tightly welded and weighted up to 15-30 kg. During driving in this way, the guide structures are located directly in the pipe. This allows you to increase the accuracy of the strike, since it must be carried out strictly along the axis.

How to make it easier to work with the “grandma”

It is possible to facilitate the work of driving the supports into the ground with the help of the “headstock” by welding long handles to the structure, which, during operation, are rebuilt in a convenient way as they are hammered. The pipe itself for the future fence, which should stand strictly upright and not stagger, will show how many blows are necessary for successful fastening. In this case, difficulty may appear only when lifting structures.

It is possible to simplify the method of driving the fence pipe using the “headstock” by installing an additional tripod, to which a block is welded, which facilitates the lifting of the hammering device using a rope.

As a result, you will get strictly vertically driven pipes on your fence. The process of hammering in this case is simple. The tool rises as high as possible, and then falls down with effort.

Fence pipes: choose and install correctly

It is not always that the pipes for the fence are concreted in order to secure them in front of the fence, especially if you need to stretch the mesh spans. The simplest way is the one that is used with the use of a sledgehammer, but you just need to remember that in this case it is necessary to be above the pillar.

To hammer pipes into a future fence with a similar method is a pleasure, frankly, not a pleasant one.

How to make a baba yourself?

Before hammering pipes onto your fence, you should familiarize yourself with the method of constructing the “headstock” itself. Initially, a circle is inserted into the pipe, which will be comparable in diameter to itself. Next, the circle needs to be weighted up to about 20 kg by welding metal scraps and other things. For convenience, make handles from dense rods, up to 1 m long, or weld thin tubes in the form of handles to the circle. Such a homemade handle can be wrapped with electrical tape before use.

That is, shortly before hammering pipes onto the fence, take up the issue of preparing improvised means that you will choose on your own, based on your strength and knowledge. It is also possible to hammer pipes onto any fence with a sledgehammer if it is not possible to build a “grandma”, but by this method, we repeat, it will take a long time and diligently to drive them in, wasting your strength. Frequent breaks are essential.

The length of the pipes for the proposed fence is also essential. If the supports are at least 2.5 m, then hammering them with a sledgehammer is not rational, therefore, it is recommended to strengthen any pipe on the fence using a folk device for hammering, which helps to bring the support to the desired depth faster and easier. It is much more effective to overcome soil resistance if there is a “grandma” deepening the support step by step firmly and reliably.