How To Insert A Bit Into A Makita Screwdriver
How to use a screwdriver?
The screwdriver is designed specifically for driving screws, self-tapping screws, screws. Its great advantage is autonomy, that is, there is no need for an outlet and the cords should not get in the way under your feet. It is powered by a rechargeable battery, which is charged from AC power through an adapter (charging the battery is similar to charging a mobile phone). After charging the battery, lightly pressed, insert it into the tool handle.
There are nickel-cadmium, nickel-metal hydride and lithium-ion batteries. Which one should you choose? Nickel-cadmium. the cheapest, but toxic. Lithium-ion. eco-friendly but expensive. Nickel-metal hydride are designed for professionals who, due to their duty, have to deal with repairs for a long time.
Replacement tips, bits, are manually fixed in the three-jaw chuck, NOT deeper than the top edge. To make it easier to hold the cartridge in your hands when attaching the attachments, the cartridge is covered with ribbed rubber on top.
How to use a screwdriver.? After the desired nozzle is installed, we put a self-tapping screw on the bit, put it in the right place, press the button of the screwdriver. the screw is twisted.
The screwdriver can be used as a stand-alone electric drill. They can’t drill for a long time, since the battery is quickly discharged. But several holes in a profile or drywall can be made.
And yet, the main purpose of the screwdriver is to tighten the screws without drilling a profile. With a certain effort, a self-tapping screw can be drilled into an aluminum and even a steel profile.
On the tool, if necessary, there is a button for smooth speed change and a reverse button, if necessary Unscrew the screw back.
The instruction prescribes to use the screwdriver after all the settings have been made.
When turning on the tool, do not adjust the frequency and direction of rotation of the handpiece (bit). Protect the tool from water ingress. The room in which renovation work will be carried out must be well lit.
If the screwdriver is operated from the mains, then the mains must be stable and the socket must be in good working order to avoid electric shock or fire.
Do not touch grounded objects with a working tool to avoid electric shock.
It is necessary to work only with serviceable tools in work clothes and gloves. Do not use the device continuously to avoid burnout.
How to properly work with a cordless screwdriver
Naturally, the main feature of the cordless screwdriver is its mobility in work. It can be used in places where there is no electricity or access to it is limited. When performing various types of installation, furniture assembly and other work, the Screwdriver will become an indispensable assistant. The presence of a second battery in the package allows you to work continuously with a screwdriver, using one and charge the second. When operating any tool, you must remember to observe safety precautions, as well as in its correct use, which will be discussed further.
To start working with the Screwdriver, you need to fully charge the battery, whether it is Makita or an inexpensive Chinese tool. It is good if the screwdriver has an indication of the battery charge level, which will make it convenient to use the battery. To start charging, you need to connect the charger to the network. the green indicator light will turn on. The battery has a special groove, thanks to which it can be inserted into the charger only in the correct way, which will protect the battery from polarity reversal. The battery must be installed tightly so that the contacts of the charger and the battery are firmly attached to each other.
After inserting the battery into the adapter, the red indicator will light up, which indicates the charging process. When charging is complete, the indicator will turn green. After the battery is fully charged, install it in the Screwdriver. So. you can get to work. It is worth noting that the color of the indicators may differ from manufacturer to manufacturer, but the process itself is always the same.
A distinctive feature of the Screwdriver is the presence of an adjusting ring, which is responsible for the torque. This feature allows you to avoid unnecessary screwing or breaking of the screw slot. Thanks to a specially designed mechanism, the chuck stops when the screw is tightened, and the engine continues to run. The drilling mode can be set with the adjusting ring. In other positions of the regulator, the clutch will begin to slip at a certain amount of effort. Engine speed selector switch (if equipped) allows two speed modes with lower or higher RPM.
An absolutely essential thing in a screwdriver. This switch is used to change the direction of rotation of the chuck. In the central position, the switch blocks pressing the start key. In the other two positions, the chuck will rotate clockwise and counterclockwise, which allows you to screw in and out the screws. This key is always located above the trigger button in such a way that you can change the direction of rotation of the chuck with your thumb and forefinger without using your other hand.
Installing the bit in the chuck
Screwdrivers can have a keyless plastic or metal chuck, which greatly simplifies the process of installing and removing the bit, however, many models have hex holders, i.e. Allows direct insertion of a bat or tool without twisting. To lock the drill or bit into the keyless chuck, insert it into the screwdriver as far as it will go and tighten the chuck by hand. Alternatively, hold the front of the chuck and pull the trigger and the chuck will spin.
Screwdriver: how to use it correctly?
- Date: 26-03-2015
- Views: 567
- Rating: 14
A screwdriver does the same thing as a screwdriver, but hundreds of times faster. Therefore, if you need to tighten one or two screws, use a screwdriver. But if you need to assemble a wardrobe or, say, insulate the balcony with plasterboard, then you cannot do without an electric screwdriver. It is similar to an Electric Drill, but NOT with drills, but with bits. A bit is a special attachment for a screw, screw or self-tapping screw. Each self-tapping screw (screw, screw) has its own bit. It can be of different sizes.
A screwdriver is similar to an Electric Drill, only instead of a drill it has a bit.
How to insert a bit into a screwdriver. Cordless drill / screwdriver
Cordless drill Bosch PSR 18 Li-2.
A simple enough screwdriver for home use, the main advantage of the device is a universal lithium battery, suitable for jigsaw and delta grinder.
The weight of the screwdriver with the battery is 1.3 kg. That is, it is not heavy, but not light either. At the same time, the maximum torque is 46Nm, which is not very bad.
The speed is regulated, as in most other screwdrivers and drills. with a button. Also standard, the chuck rotation direction switch is located nearby.
The screwdriver has a standard three-jaw keyless chuck. The maximum diameter of the drill shank, which can be clamped in this chuck. 10mm.
The manufacturer does NOT recommend using this screwdriver for drilling large holes: more than 10mm in steel, more than 35mm in wood.
To fix the bit or drill in the keyless chuck of the screwdriver, it is enough to fix the chuck with your hand and turn on the screwdriver at high speed. And the chuck itself will clamp the drill.
To remove the drill or bit, you need to switch the screwdriver to reverse, fix the chuck and turn on the screwdriver: the cams will open and release the drill or bit.
Standard in screwdrivers, the torque limiting clutch. At the top of the case, opposite the cartridge, there is an arrow that indicates the number. The higher the number, the more torque the clutch can withstand without shutting down. In total, there are 10 clutches with different torque settings, plus a drill mode. In drill mode? Marked with “DRILL”, the torque limiting clutch is disengaged. And with the help of a screwdriver you can already drill.
This Screwdriver has two speed ranges from 0. 400 rpm and 0. 1340 rpm. The speed can be switched with the red slide switch at the top of the screwdriver, in the “back” position, the screwdriver works at first. low speed. If the engine is moved forward, the second speed is activated. In addition, the speed number can be seen in the windows next to the switch.
A convenient option for a beginner is an indicator of the direction of rotation: two triangles in the upper part of the device will help to determine in which mode the screwdriver is operating: an arrow forwards means that the chuck rotates clockwise and accordingly turns the screw, if the arrow lights up backwards, the chuck rotates counterclockwise and removes the screw.
The screwdriver has an indicator showing the state of charge of the battery.
And next to it there is a POWERLIGHT backlight, which will help a lot when working in poorly lit places.
Drill a wooden block in the “drill” mode, i.e. With the clutch disconnected. For thin drills, you can turn on the second speed.
To screw in a screw, you need to choose a bit that fits the given type of screw. The main types of splines, in the photo from left to right:
- 1) phillips,
- 2) posidrive,
- 3) straight,
- 4) star (torx),
- 5) hex (hex).
In addition to the shape, the slots differ in size and for each slot size of a screw or screw, you need to take a bit of the right size.
So, the desired bit is selected and clamped in the chuck, but to screw in the screw, turn on the first speed and set the clutch to limit the torque. In our case, for this diameter of the screws, select the position “17”.
The photo shows the result of screwing in a screw to different depths. When the screwdriver has completely screwed in the screw, the screwing force will increase and here the torque limiting clutch will start to work. Thanks to this, the screw will not go deeper than necessary and will NOT split the bar.
The lithium-ion batteries on which the battery is built are very good and you will NOT need to replace the batteries in the screwdriver for a long time.
Nearby entries in this category:
- Choosing a screwdriver
- Cordless jigsaw
- DIY screwdriver battery repair
- Cordless delta sander
Can a drill be used as a screwdriver
The screwdriver can also be used as a drill. The chuck mechanism makes it possible to firmly fix the drill with a cylindrical tail. To get started, you need to install a drill in the chuck.
Be careful, as the design is not designed for making holes, especially for hard wood, metal or concrete, because there is a high probability of failure of the planetary gear.
Tool types: characteristic features
The screwdriver can be classified into the following varieties:
- Drill driver
- Cordless screwdriver
- Standard screwdriver
The principle of work in the tools is similar to each other, but there are still differences in functionality.
The drill driver is able to not only tighten the screw, but also drill a hole. The impact wrench is specialized in bolts and nuts. The third representative is a cordless screwdriver, designed exclusively for tightening / unscrewing fasteners with a cross head. The latter type is characterized by low power, in contrast to the above.
Battery Charging Procedure
It is necessary to insert the battery into the device, observing the polarity (the corresponding signs “” and “-” are affixed to the battery and the device), i.e. Plus is combined with plus, and minus with minus.
A glowing red diode on the device panel indicates that the charging process is in progress. This procedure lasts from 3 to 5 hours.
The rechargeable battery is protected against overcharging, so it can be left in the device for longer, but not more than 24 hours.
During recharging, the battery and the device may heat up, which is NOT an indicator of a malfunction.
To polish the body, headlights of a car or other surface using a screwdriver, you need additional attachments. polishing wheels. Circles made of cord or leather are used for preliminary cleaning. Felt attachments are used for both cleaning and final polishing.
- The surface to be polished is washed from dirt and dust;
- Apply an abrasive compound to the polishing wheel;
- Sequentially treat all areas with smooth movements without strong pressure.
In the process, the circle is periodically cleaned of paste residues with a clean cloth. Polishing Takes a long time, the battery may be discharged. If the device becomes very hot, you need to turn it off and wait a while before resuming operation.
How to insert a drill into a screwdriver?
An indispensable power tool in everyday life with a self-explanatory name, the screwdriver is actively used in construction work. The most common procedure with such a device is to replace the drill. At times it seems that this process is very complicated and practically impossible. However, in fact, replacing a drill in a screwdriver will NOT be difficult, the main thing is to follow the instructions step by step and pay attention to the details.
Setting the torque
The drill has an adjusting ring for setting the torque, on which its values are applied.
This is necessary in order to set the Most suitable value when working with materials with different hardness.
For example, for screwing self-tapping screws into drywall (with little effort), a range of values of 2-4 is suitable, and for hard wood, the torque can be set to the maximum number on the ring.
This adjustment helps to avoid quick damage to the fastener splines.
During operation, you can change the frequency of revolutions by increasing or decreasing the pressure on the trigger of the tool.
This allows you to stop the work of the tool in time when the self-tapping screw or screw is completely tightened.
Chuck rotation direction
The design of the drill. screwdriver has a push-type switch with which you can change the direction of rotation of the chuck for twisting or unscrewing the fasteners.
There is a direction mark on either side of the tool next to this switch. Pushed the switch, you can reverse.
It must be remembered that it is possible to change the direction of rotation only when the electric motor is completely stopped.
In the middle position, the switch blocks the operation of the tool. This lock is used while changing bits or drills.
The drill chuck can be replaced if necessary. It must be borne in mind that it is fixed with a screw with a left-hand thread and therefore you need to unscrew it clockwise.
This screw can be accessed through the front of the chuck.
The tool kit also includes a set of drills of different diameters. They are all designed to work in soft materials.
The drills are clamped in the chuck in the same way as the bit attachment. (See photo above)
To care for the instrument, it is enough to wipe its body with a damp cloth and then dry it, do not use household chemicals and solvents.
Freezing of the battery is not allowed.
The screwdriver comes with several types of bits with different shapes of the working edge.
Bits with a straight edge are designed to work with fasteners that have one slot (slot). A suitable bit is selected depending on its length and depth.
Similarly, the shape of the cross-shaped bit is selected. here the width of the slots and the size of the fastener head itself are taken into account. For reliable operation, the edge of the bit must fit tightly into the slots, otherwise there is a possibility of “licking” the edges of the slots.
To attach the bit to the cartridge, a special attachment with a magnetized holder is used, which prevents the structure from disintegrating and reliably holds the bit in a variety of positions.
To fix the bit with the bat you need to unscrew the movable part of the chuck.
Insert the nozzle and screw in the chuck until it stops.
There are also very convenient double-sided bits, which can be fixed in a chuck without a nozzle.