How to lubricate the punch Makita. Lubrication of the punch reducer and cartridge how to do it right

Table of Contents:

Frecking for the perforator: which one to use

Typically, power tools are maintained in autumn or spring, when a long leave for the device occurs or its preparation for the next season. To diagnose the power tool correctly, you must first figure out what parts on the perforator need to be lubricated. Structurally punch. A complex device consisting of a number of the following elements:

  • The case is the basis of the tool inside which all the components are placed
  • The electric motor is the main unit that drives the executive body of the tool. The cartridge. Puner engines have a horizontal and vertical location
  • The piston system is an integral part of the gearbox, which is responsible for the formation of shock actions
  • Cartridge. Has a special mechanism with quick fixation of the working nozzles
  • Reducer is a mechanism that transfers rotational movements from the electric motor shaft to the tool cartridge. In the design of the gearbox there is a “drunk bearing”, which creates shock movements transmitted to the piston system
  • The safety mechanism in the form of a coupling, which limits the rotation of the cartridge when jaming the working nozzle, thereby excluding the overheating of the motor
  • Working nozzles are auxiliary elements that are installed in the design of the tool cartridge

To imagine what the perforator consists of, below is the diagram of the power tool.

Knowing the design of the tool under consideration, you can figure out what details of the perforator need grease. First of all, the reducer node needs a punch, the main purpose of which is to regulate the speed of rotation of the working nozzle fixed in the executive organ (cartridge). When working the tools, the gears experience large mechanical loads, which helps to increase friction. The lack of lubricants leads to an accelerated wear of the gear.

To increase the operational resource of the mechanism under consideration, you will need to regularly not only add grease to the reducer structure, but also pre.Remove the remaining old lubricants. Why is there an outdated lubricant for a perforator, not many know. It needs to be removed in order to clean the metal particles and dust, which are formed during the friction process of the gear. If you do not clean the old lubricant and apply new lubricants on top of it, then the effectiveness of such a diagnosis will be zero.

It is interesting!In the process of developing the gears, an increase in metal dust occurs, which negatively affects the operation of the parts, since due to it the friction force increases, which means that heating increases and wear is accelerated. The gearbox or transmission mechanism in the perforator is lubricated from the plant, but you need to change the lubricant every year with the daily use of the unit. In addition to the gearbox, the tool also needs a cartridge and the seat of the installed nozzle. A drill (tail part). The cartridge (its inner part) is not lubricated from the plant, so the owner of the tool needs to be worried about this if you want to use the unit for a long time. In addition to the inside of the perforator cartridge, the shank of the installed nozzles also needs lubrication.

There are still sliding bearings in the design of the unit. They are also tested for heavy loads, therefore, in order to increase their service life, when conducting diagnostic procedures, it is necessary to add lubricants to the design of the bearings.

It is interesting!Few people know, but to improve the work of the tool, another tool knot also needs a lubricant. A collector.

What needs to be lubricated

In accordance with the operating instructions inside the perforator, you need to lubricate the gearbox and bearings. Service can be carried out with your own hands.

Saar drill

Concrete dust. Excellent abrasive material. Penetrating inside, it accelerates the wear of the cartridge and the tail of the nozzle. Before each installation of equipment in the cartridge cartridge, the shank of the drill is thoroughly cleaned of dust and other contaminants and lubricated. Apply “lilest” to the sluts of the shank. Into closed and open grooves, which is evenly distributed along their entire length.

Most of the owners of the tool prefer anti.Adhesive, but::

Many people prefer classic fat solidol or “Litol”. The latter demonstrates good results, but without flaws does not do.

  • The material is known for low water resistance. It is able to pass moisture to the contacting surfaces, which causes corrosion of metal components. Rust accelerates the wear of the cartridge.
  • A feature of lithola as a grease for a perforator cartridge is quick wear. After a dozen minutes of work, Litol turns into processing, its mechanical indicators fall, and the effectiveness is reduced.
  • Price. Yes, yes, the availability in this situation is a weak side. If the lubricant is cheap, then it is applied without sparing, but in vain. Not a single cartridge of the punch has beneficial for such generosity has not gone.
  • Ready to periodically stop the work to replace the worn lubrication with a new volume recommended by the manufacturer. Drop in each groove;
  • Not working and not storing a punch in conditions of high humidity;
  • Those who want to save on lubricants;
  • Owning an inexpensive perforator. It is not recommended to save on consumables for professional models.

If drops of oil fly out during operation from the cartridge, it means that it is not intended for work at elevated temperature, the nozzle of the nozzle is very heated or it is too much applied.

Gearbox

Redactors of the punch are two varieties. In devices with a crooked-shaped mechanism, this is a model with a separate extension from a shock group, with a swinging bearing-it is implemented according to the ratchet.

A gearbox is a pair of gears with a straight or oblique tooth that pass the rotational moment to the cartridge with a nozzle. The grease for the punch reducer is generously applied to the teeth of all the gears and the components of the drunken bearing shock group. To do this, you will have to disassemble the device, get rid of the spent compound, simultaneously assessing the condition of the mechanical components. Is it time to replace them.

The lubricant should be inert to the plastic, from which a significant part of the cases is made, especially inexpensive perforators.

The frequency of replacing the lubrication of a particular model is indicated in the operating instructions, it depends on:

  • The quality of the metal from which the rubbing parts are made;
  • The intensity of the operation of the tool;
  • The level of heating of the components;
  • The quality of the lubricant, its quantity;
  • Working conditions.

For most inexpensive models of perforators, maintenance is recommended to carry out every 200 hours of work, provided that high.Quality lubrication is used. If the tool is rarely operated, you need to lubricate the perforator before use every six months. Any synthetic lubrication decomposes over time, losing the original properties.

Before working at low and negative temperatures, the perforator should work for a minute or two at low idle speeds for heating lubrication-the thickened composition is not so effective.

The lubrication of the gearbox and bearing should fill about 1/3 of the free volume. If you apply more, it will begin to warmly warm up, accelerating the aging of the metal.

Секретная функция БОЛТА! Мало кто знает эти Советы и Хитрости мастеров проверенные на 100 %.

Cartridge

The cartridge cartridge is not lubricated separately. It is enough to apply compounds to the shank drill or drill.

Features of the choice of oil

Before lubricating the Bosch perforators, choose the right oil. When buying it, you need to pay attention to viscosity. High.Quality compositions are expensive, but you should not save. For such an expensive tool as a perforator must be careful constantly. What types of lubrication and how much can be used indicated in the instructions. If there is no such information, the best composition will help you choose specialists of the outlet or service center. On sale there are universal compositions for processing various models of perforators.

Many prefer to use graphite lubricants, which have:

In the absence of lubrication, you can use a single lithol or solidol. But they cause slight inhibition of rotating details and help increase the heating of the tool during operation. It is advisable to buy a special composition in the near future, remove Litol and apply a new composition.

Before lubricating the drill drill, you need to make sure that the oil taken is suitable for it. The compounds used for gearboxes are not suitable for lubrication. For the latter, take more Liquids, They must fill the free cavities, completely cover the parts that contact each other. If there are plastic elements in the gearbox, silicone grease is used. It is suitable for processing cartridges.

The transmission mechanism is allowed to lubricate plastic compositions. But not all tools when using the means of such a consistency will work uninterruptedly. Thicker mixtures are suitable to reduce the degree of wear of tail nozzles. The packaging marks their purpose for drilling. In the absence of those, you can take graphite, but they take heat worse.

Electric tool manufacturers produce their branded lubricants. They are also engaged in their manufacture by enterprises that specialize in the production of lubricating mixtures.

The most popular products of firms include:

  • Bosch. For tail nozzles and gearboxes.
  • Makita. For drilling.
  • Interskol. For drills.
  • Nanothek. For shanks.
  • Turmogrease. Universal compositions.
  • Lubcon Thermoplex. For gearboxes.
  • Kress. To lubricate the drill.
  • PRORAB. For processing seaming seats.

Lubricant for a perforator from brand Makita

Brand lubricant materials for the working tips of the perforator

Each manufacturer of the power tool is interested in its performance, at least within the warranty period. Despite the uniform approaches to the composition of the additives, the products are slightly different.

Bosch grease for drill

Developed by order of the tool manufacturer one of the leading oil refineries. It has excellent adhesion: lubrication literally sticks to the surface and does not erase at loads. Binds abrasive dust, prevents it from acting on metal. Very small consumption.

For the Boers Makita

Produced in several packaging options. Long life: can be used for several work shifts if the boat does not change.

Neutral to rubber seals and plastic. The only problem is that the lubrication of Makita is incompatible with other compositions, so when changing the oil, thorough cleaning is required.

For boors intercol

Semi.Synthetic composition containing molybdenum, lithium. Additives provide water resistance, anti.Corrosion protection, increase the life of the tool.

Disadvantages: Low upper temperature threshold, only 130 ° C. In addition, the lubrication of the intercol quickly wear out, so the consumption is high compared to the analogues.

How to lubricate a punch

The main purpose of the perforator is to drill, hammer and drill various surfaces. As a rule, most of the materials with which this tool has a tendency to ardent. Small particles, falling on internal parts, clog the device. It should be borne in mind that the elements are in motion, during which they are in contact with each other, which means that their abrasion may begin. To maintain the performance of the tool, it is necessary to clean it in a timely manner. Only with this departure it is possible to extend the service life as much as possible, avoid an ambulance and expensive repairs.

There are general rules for all types of perforators.

How to lubricate the punch gearbox

  • So, to lubricate the gearbox, it is most often advised to use compositions in the form of liquid oil, which is poured in a certain dose into the tool body (into specially designed holes). Such oil fills the gearbox body and is reliably isolated inside with the installed covers on holes or bolts. During operation, parts are evenly covered with this tool. The most popular manufacturers of oil for lubricating gearboxes are Bosch and Makita firms.
  • An example is two popular types of manufacturers data that are used in the initial assembly or during the repair of the tool:
  • Lubrication “Makita P-08361” 30 ml, approximate cost 100 rubles.;
  • Bosch 1615430005 oil 45 ml, price is about 300 rubles.

How to lubricate a drill drill

  • The grease for drills of the perforator is used to reduce the wear of the nozzles, and also extends the operational period of the perforator (including by reducing the number of dust penetrating into the dust). Lubricants are applied before each insertion of the drill into the cartridge, for this, the nozzles of the nozzle are lubricated with a small amount. Before carrying out this operation for the first time, you need to carefully read the instructions for the tool. This is necessary in order to understand how to correctly disassemble/assemble a perforator without damaging its elements and achieve proper operation.
  • The amount of lubrication and its quality depends on how the power tool will function. If the ratio is incorrectly selected, overheating of the device and even failure are possible. Therefore, before applying one or another lubricant, it is worth checking if there is a given manufacturer and the type of fund in the recommendations in the instructions for the operating of the perforator. The most common compounds for the grease of drills are also produced by Bosch and Makita trademarks, only funds have a thicker consistency.
  • When starting to lubricate, it is necessary to rinse and blow the tool, wipe it dry and only then apply a new layer of protective equipment. Those details that do not need sliding should not be lubricated, since this can only damage the punch. Such elements include, for example, the gear council.
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How to lubricate a punch cartridge

  • Also, the composition should be applied to interchangeable nozzles for drill in the form of a cartridge. The amount of substance should be the same as indicated in the instructions. From its overabundance or deficiency, the tool may fail.

Choosing the type of lubricant does not make problems, there are clear recommendations in the instructions, if they are not available, then you can choose almost any funds from trusted manufacturers.

How and how to lubricate the gearbox and a perforator cartridge?

Greetings on my site! This article will talk about the lubrication of the perforator. The operation of this tool requires not only a simple careful attitude. Be sure to periodically lubricate the gearbox and cartridge.

At the same time, the gearbox, of course, is already coming from the factory. But over time, the lubricant leaks somewhere, somewhere dries. In addition, it is intended only to reduce friction, and not to eliminate it. Therefore, one way or another, and the details still rub against each other, which is why fine metal dust is gradually formed, which remains in grease.

As a result of such mixing of metal and lubricating material, the properties of the latter are gradually lost and the wear of the parts is accelerated.

So, below, consider how and how to lubricate these elements. The SDS perforator will be considered with a horizontal location of the engine, since it is they who in the vast majority of cases are used by home craftsmen, and the article is mainly written for them.

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Than to lubricate the punch

Different types of lubricants are used to lubricate the gearbox and a cartridge with drill.

Lubrication for the gearbox

A special lubricant is used here, which should be called. Gearbox. It can be like under the brands under which the Perfs themselves are produced. Makita, Bosch, Aeg, etc.D. But it can also be released by a company that is engaged in this type of product, for example, Ravenol, Shell, XADO, etc.

Some use simple lilet or salutol for these purposes. But compared to special lubricating products, they dry faster, and they do not eliminate friction as it should.

Lubrication for drills

Everything is exactly the same here. Special lubricants for this purpose are called. For drills. And are also usually produced by the same firms that do punch.

For lack of special lubrication, you can use graphite. But it does not so well remove the heat from the shank, but this is important, since sometimes with prolonged work the shank happens and is flattened, which is why it is difficult to extract later.

Lubricate the gearbox

You need to disassemble the tool case. Follow the points:

  • Disassemble the cartridge. To do this, first remove the rubber ring. Then pry the screwdriver and remove the locking ring. Next, the outer casing of the cartridge is carefully removed, and then the clamping ring, ball and spring are removed.
  • Now disconnect the mode switch. This is done in different ways depending on the model. At the end of the article, I brought a certain number of links to the video, which tells how it is shot on a particular model. If there is no your unit among them, then you can see any similar one to understand the principle. And further, I think it will not be difficult for you to disconnect it and at yourself.
  • Free from brushes collector. To do this, unscrew the back cover of the case and remove the brushes.
  • Unscrew the screws that longitudinally tighten the body, and separate it.
  • Remove the gearbox along with the engine anchor.

Now thoroughly rinse the gearbox itself, as well as the inner part of its body. Washing can be carried out, for example, with gasoline.

After that, first the most responsible parts are smeared. And then the entire gearbox is completely enveloped in lubricant.

Purpose of additives in lubricant

Well, it remains to collect everything in the reverse order.

Punch Cutter Lubrication and Maintenance. General Maintenance Tips

How to lubricate and assemble the punch Makita 2450 and 2470 correctly

The assembly of any mechanism should be proceeded after careful preparation. It is necessary to prepare not only details, but also tools, place, lubricant material.

From the tools you can not do without pliers, screwdrivers, hammer, brushes for applying lubricants.

But what is the assembly scheme of the punch Makita 2450 and 2470?

Assembly of the punch Makita with your own hands can be performed only if the attached instructions are observed.

The task of the assembly process is to replace their parts that have been released with suitable and ensuring the interchangeability and performance of the tool.

Assembly of the shock mechanism

And how to assemble the shock mechanism of the punch Makita?The shock mechanism is assembled from two knots: the shaft of the barrel with a straight line gear and an intermediate shaft with a rolling bearing.

BUT). On the barrel pos.21 put on a straightforward gear pos.19 and pressed by a compression spring pos.Eighteen.For fixation, the spring is pressed by a puck 30 poses.17 and fixed with a locking ring 28 poses.Sixteen.B). To assemble the box you need to put on a ring 9 poses.25 on the shaft of a fight, pull the rubber ring pos.26, crush a metal ring pos.27.

Now we move to the opposite side of the barrel pos.21. On the other hand, the inner surface of the trunk must be greased with grease and inserted inside the assembled drummer pos.24.

Assembly of an intermediate shaft assembly

To assemble an intermediate shaft, you need a rolling bearing of poses.41 put on the shaft pos.40 teeth to the hills of the shaft, put a clutch pos on the shaft slots.39.

On the opposite side of the shaft, a scanty gear 26 poses is put on.42., Flat puck 8 poses.45, bearing 608ZZ pos.46 and stop ring 8 poses.47.The intermediate shaft is assembled.

Assembly of the reducer node

The installation of the gearbox unit is carried out on the internal body of poses.49.

By the way, there are cases when the axes jump out of the inner aluminum corps. Both axes are pressed into the housing.

To the corps pos.49 is inserted by the assembled intermediate shaft, the lever of the rolling bearing of which should fall into the hole of the cylinder hinge.

In this case, the lever of the rolling bearing.41 intermediate shaft should get into the hinge of the cylinder pos.32, and the lower bearing of the intermediate shaft in the nest in the case. This procedure is usually performed by swaying the structure until the parts are completely hit in the indicated places.

Installation of a switch of modes switch

The mode switch is designed to translate the clutch coupling pos.39 in various provisions and transmission of progressive movement to the shaft of the shock mechanism through the rolling bearing of poses.41 to the cylinder pos.32.

Assembly of the operating switch of the operating operator Makita 2450

On the axis of the inner case, you need to put on the lever of the switch of the mode of the poses.82, which yields a spring from above.88, crush a flat puck pos.87. Install the stop ring pos.86. And fix it.

The locking ring must be carefully fixed carefully. Turning the intermediate shaft, it is necessary to carefully check the correct operation and the free course of the cylinder in the case.

This must be done now so that it does not become clear at the end of the assembly that the assembly is assembled incorrectly.

Assembly of the shaft of the shock mechanism

First you need to lubricate the inner part of the cylinder pos.32 and insert a drummer poster into it.Thirty.

Remained in the internal corps pos.49 Put a greased barrel assembly poses.21 in place, putting it on the greased cylinder pos.32.As lubricants, it is recommended to use a special lubricant developed for Makita perforators.

Lubricants are produced by several types: Makita P-08361 and Makita 183477-5 SDS-Plus.

Lubrication Makita 183477-5 SDS-Plus is recommended for the gearbox. For shanks of the drills, the lubrication of the brand Makita 196804-7 is used.

Lubrices differ in color, but have exactly the same characteristics.And what lubricants are used in the perforator Makita 2450 and 2470?

And here is the assembled mechanical block in front of us.

General disassembly and assembly of the perforator Makita 2450

Check its performance, rotating the intermediate shaft and monitoring the movement of the piston in the shock mechanism. All!

Now lubricate all parts of the mechanical unit recommended by grease. Here is an example of proper lubrication on rotating surfaces.

And here is another example of generous lubrication of a mechanical unit.

So it is also allowed to apply grease. You can’t spoil the porridge!

A greased mechanical block must be closed with a plastic body pos.14 black.By applying the case from above on the knot, press the body until the node is completely fixed in it.Backwards to insert four bolts poses.10 into the case and tighten.

Now it was the turn of joining the mechanical part of the electric motor rotor.Rotor installation

The braid of the rotor gear is tightly inserted into the body of the mechanical unit and is pressed.

It remains to insert four homing screws M4 × 60 poses.57. And tighten them into the electric block housing.

Installation of electric brushes

Remove the dirt from the grooves of the brush holder and install the brushes in place, fixing them with latches.

Now is the time to check the performance of the perforator. Connect the fork of the punch to the outlet, turn on the punch in the “Drilling” mode for a short time.

After making sure the tools, turn it off. Put the mode switch to the “blow” position. Do not insert the tool.Check the performance of the perforator in this position.

At the same time, you checked the operation of the mode switch.

The cover is attached with three m × 4 ongoing screws of different lengths.

Connect the punch to the 220β network and check in all modes.Makita punch 2450 or 2470 assembled and works properly!

Boer lubricant composition

To begin with, consider the conditions in which this product works:

  • Sliding loads in the longitudinal and transverse direction, with a variable load vector. Technological backlash allows the tip to break away from the surface of the seat, there is a risk of rupture of the oil film.
  • Work of the couple: “ball-puzz”, as in a classic bearing. Only chaotic movements, multidirectional. In addition, in extreme positions, the ball experiences shock loads, the lubricant at this point is squeezed out almost to zero.
  • Blows of the end part of the shank against the bottom of the cartridge: the most intensive load for consistent lubrication.
  • The constant effect of dust, sand, construction debris, in some cases. Moisture.

Under such conditions, the working characteristics of the lubricant are preserved only by one cycle, from the shift to the change of the tip. Therefore, there is a complete replacement of the composition on the shank of the drill. An old lubricant remains inside the cartridge.

It is clear that manufacturers keep the composition of their oils a secret. However, the general properties of the additives can be listed:

  • Thickeners must maintain viscosity in a wide range of temperatures: a perforator can work in the cold, or overheat in a hot room;
  • The drop point is quite high, because due to overheating, the lubricant will simply leak out of the cartridge;
  • A neutral attitude to rubber and plastic: in the cartridge there are composite materials, in addition, with vertical drilling, a rubber vacuumber is put on a drill;
  • Additives that provide zero hygroscopicity: moisture should not go inside the cartridge;
  • The composition of the grease for drills necessarily includes components that increase adhesion: the oil should stick well to the walls of the cartridge, despite the dust;
  • Anti.Sympathetic additives retain the tools of the tool;
  • Antrodian properties, as in the piston group of a car.

In principle, the composition of lubricants is the same as in consistent oils for loaded elements of the car transmission: basic oil (mineral or synthetics), thickeners and additives.

When developing the composition, manufacturers take into account open working conditions and the possibility of mixing with other products (lubricants of other brands).

A few more recommendations on the grease of the perforator

The question of how often the perforator lubrication should be performed, users of such equipment occur quite often. There can be no unequivocal answer to this question, since the regularity of the lubrication depends on the intensity of using the perforator, as well as on what loads the equipment perceives. In addition, it is necessary to pay attention to the recommendations of the manufacturer, necessarily indicated in the technical passport, as well as whether the warranty period has ended for the device you use.

Hidden surfaces of the parts of the gearbox must be lubricated before assembling mechanisms

To the question of how to lubricate the perforator of one of modern models, it is much easier to answer, since the advantageous majority of these devices already have a special container in their equipment, in which you just need to fill the lubricant, unscrewing the drain cover and drain the old lubricant. Before pouring a new lubricant, the level of which should not exceed the control mark, it is better to blow the container using any compressor suitable for this, and then rinse using spindle oil or ordinary gasoline.

How to lubricate the punch gearbox and how to do it right

Perforator is a power tool that is designed to perform shockwork. To increase the service life of the power tool, you will need not only to use it for its intended purpose, but also to care for it correctly. To do this, you need the corresponding lubricant for the perforator, due to which the resource of the aggregate increases. When choosing lubricants, it will be necessary to consider that different parts of the equipment in question require appropriate lubricants.

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Typically, power tools are maintained in autumn or spring, when a long leave for the device occurs or its preparation for the next season. To diagnose the power tool correctly, you must first figure out what parts on the perforator need to be lubricated. Structurally punch. A complex device consisting of a number of the following elements:

  • The case is the basis of the tool inside which all the components are placed
  • The electric motor is the main unit that drives the executive body of the tool. The cartridge. Puner engines have a horizontal and vertical location
  • The piston system is an integral part of the gearbox, which is responsible for the formation of shock actions
  • Cartridge. Has a special mechanism with quick fixation of the working nozzles
  • Reducer is a mechanism that transfers rotational movements from the electric motor shaft to the tool cartridge. In the design of the gearbox there is a “drunk bearing”, which creates shock movements transmitted to the piston system
  • The safety mechanism in the form of a coupling, which limits the rotation of the cartridge when jaming the working nozzle, thereby excluding the overheating of the motor
  • Working nozzles are auxiliary elements that are installed in the design of the tool cartridge

To imagine what the perforator consists of, below is the diagram of the power tool.

Knowing the design of the tool under consideration, you can figure out what details of the perforator need grease. First of all, the reducer node needs a punch, the main purpose of which is to regulate the speed of rotation of the working nozzle fixed in the executive organ (cartridge). When working the tools, the gears experience large mechanical loads, which helps to increase friction. The lack of lubricants leads to an accelerated wear of the gear.

To increase the operational resource of the mechanism under consideration, you will need to regularly not only add grease to the reducer structure, but also pre.Remove the remaining old lubricants. Why is there an outdated lubricant for a perforator, not many know. It needs to be removed in order to clean the metal particles and dust, which are formed during the friction process of the gear. If you do not clean the old lubricant and apply new lubricants on top of it, then the effectiveness of such a diagnosis will be zero.

It is interesting! In the process of developing the gears, an increase in metal dust occurs, which negatively affects the operation of the parts, since due to it the friction force increases, which means that heating increases and wear is accelerated.

The gearbox or transmission mechanism in the perforator is lubricated from the plant, but you need to change the lubricant every year with the daily use of the unit. In addition to the gearbox, the tool also needs a cartridge and the seat of the installed nozzle. A drill (tail part). The cartridge (its inner part) is not lubricated from the plant, so the owner of the tool needs to be worried about this if you want to use the unit for a long time. In addition to the inside of the perforator cartridge, the shank of the installed nozzles also needs lubrication.

lubricate, punch, makita, lubrication

There are still sliding bearings in the design of the unit. They are also tested for heavy loads, therefore, in order to increase their service life, when conducting diagnostic procedures, it is necessary to add lubricants to the design of the bearings.

It is interesting! Few people know, but to improve the work of the tool, another tool knot also needs a lubricant. A collector.

How and how to lubricate the punch. Recommendations of professionals

Any perforator, including Bosch, Makita HR, Devolta, Bison, Interskol, must carefully care. So that it works as long as possible, different types of lubricants are used: mineral, synthetic and semi.Synthetic. You need to know not only how to choose the desired composition, but also how to properly lubricate the punch.

Why do elements of the punch need a lubricant

There is a perforator inside A lot of mobile details, who experience heavy loads. After applying lubrication, friction decreases, mechanisms and nodes are much longer. Why still need lubrication? During friction, the parts are heated, and the lubricants help to remove heat. The compounds delay metal dust and particles that are formed as a result of friction, also protect the mechanisms from moisture and dust from the outside. After the procedure Efficiency increases their work. It is on how to lubricate the punch and other models, and with what frequency, the effectiveness of the work depends.

What details in the perforator need lubrication

There are main details that need mandatory preventive maintenance.

Sights of nozzles

Sights of working tools of the tool smell whenever you have to install them. Carefully wiped before that. With intensive use of the tool, you need to watch and control the degree of lubrication of the landing site of the nozzle. There is no need to apply too much oily composition. Why this cannot be done? The lubricant will flow out, sprinkle from a rotating cartridge, as a result will be on working surfaces that are difficult to clean. The drill will rotate slower.

Gearbox

After the engine, the main in the perforator is the gearbox is considered. It works in conditions of constantly changing speed of rotation, severe friction, increased heating, penetrating small contaminants and dust. After prolonged operation, a lubricant is necessarily applied to the inner surfaces of the gearbox. This will allow protect the shafts and bearings.

Cartridge

This part has no protective coating. Before starting to work on landing surfaces, they are introduced under the replacement tool 1-2 g of cooling lubricants. Otherwise, due to shock loads and large friction, the cartridge will break. The layer of the composition will not let small particles and dust penetrate into the internal device.

Features of the choice of oil

Before lubricating the Bosch perforators, choose the right oil. When buying it, you need to pay attention to viscosity. High.Quality compositions are expensive, but you should not save. For such an expensive tool as a perforator must be careful constantly. What types of lubrication and how much can be used indicated in the instructions. If there is no such information, the best composition will help you choose specialists of the outlet or service center. On sale there are universal compositions for processing various models of perforators.

Many prefer to use graphite lubricants, which have:

In the absence of lubrication, you can use a single lithol or solidol. But they cause slight inhibition of rotating details and help increase the heating of the tool during operation. It is advisable to buy a special composition in the near future, remove Litol and apply a new composition.

Before lubricating the drill drill, you need to make sure that the oil taken is suitable for it. The compounds used for gearboxes are not suitable for lubrication. For the latter, take more Liquids, They must fill the free cavities, completely cover the parts that contact each other. If there are plastic elements in the gearbox, silicone grease is used. It is suitable for processing cartridges.

The transmission mechanism is allowed to lubricate plastic compositions. But not all tools when using the means of such a consistency will work uninterruptedly. Thicker mixtures are suitable to reduce the degree of wear of tail nozzles. The packaging marks their purpose for drilling. In the absence of those, you can take graphite, but they take heat worse.

Electric tool manufacturers produce their branded lubricants. They are also engaged in their manufacture by enterprises that specialize in the production of lubricating mixtures.

The most popular products of firms include:

  • Bosch. For tail nozzles and gearboxes.
  • Makita. For drilling.
  • Interskol. For drills.
  • Nanothek. For shanks.
  • Turmogrease. Universal compositions.
  • Lubcon Thermoplex. For gearboxes.
  • Kress. To lubricate the drill.
  • PRORAB. For processing seaming seats.

Lubricant for a perforator from brand Makita

How often you need to lubricate the tool

Depends on the intensity of using the tool Lubrication frequency. Each user must look at when to carry out processing. With daily operation, the parts need frequent lubrication (1 time in 3 months). When working with a perforator several times during the week, enough once a year.

How to lubricate the details: an algorithm of actions

You need to know not only how to properly lubricate the drill of a perforator, but also a gearbox, cartridge, bearings.

In modern perforators there is a special oil pouring compartment. The instructions indicate the location of this hole and the disassembly scheme. The required amount of oil is poured into it, but before that, the crankcase is washed with gasoline or machine oil, well dried. In the absence of a special hole, the perforator is disassembled, blow.

In order not to confuse anything in the future, Dismantling is fixed. The procedure is started after cooling the tool. When applied chilled lubrication on hot surfaces, the electric tool will work with interruptions. Old grease is removed, since dust and metal particles are formed during the friction of the gear. If you do not clean and apply a new lubricant on top, the effect of such a prevention will not be. All the details of the perforator are carefully examined. Where there is no lubrication, you do not need to apply it. After application, they start assembly.

Lubricant for the punch punch gearbox

Lubrication gearbox NOT BUROV for a perforator: correct care for the inventory

The grease for the perforator allows you to extend the service life of its service do not make its use more effective.

So that the effect of lubrication brings the expected results, when choosing it, you should take into account not only the properties of the lubricant, but the technical characteristics of the device that is planned to use it.

When choosing how to lubricate the punch, you need to have because of the fact that different parts of such equipment need different types of lubricants.

True lubricant punch gearbox

Many believe that the presence of grease on the mobile elements of the perforator allows you to postpone its substitution for a couple of years. Although this worldview is strongly incorrect, not with the aim of changing it, it’s enough to get acquainted with the principle by which lubricants work.

Why do elements of the punch need a lubricant

A lubricant, including a punch used, is actually a viscous substance, the use of which is necessary to reduce the friction coefficient between the structural elements of the mechanical device moving relative to themselves.

Such a macar, lubricant only reduces friction, but does not save it quite, therefore the lubricant is evenly saturated with the products of wear of rubbing parts. Iron dust.

At the end, not only the viscosity of the lubricant changes, and additionally it itself becomes a prerequisite for more saturated wear of equipment.

It should be immediately noted that specifically viscosity is a more fundamental parameter, which needs to be navigated, choosing a lubricant of a certain type.

Over time, the lubrication is polluted does not lose its characteristics

How to correctly choose a lubricant for a specific perforator model? In the main thing, it is necessary to take into account the advice of the manufacturer of equipment, which certainly shows as the required type of lubricant, so not the frequency of its substitution. In particular, it is fundamentally FOCUS on such advice, the warranty period for a perforator has not yet expired. In another way, if the passage of the breakdown of the device is unrealistic to use the manufacturer’s warranty duties.

Surely the owners of the perforators after the expiration of the warranty period begin to use not branded compositions for lubrication, but their cheaper analogues. Lilest in otherwise solidol. This, such lubricants are not able to harm the elements of the performance of the perforator, but, using them, should be due to what to make their substitution should be much more often.

Gear lubrication

The punch gearbox is a more complicated device in design, because it asks for special attention to himself.

It is not difficult to make a grease of the punch reducer to such a extent, but independent assembly for a previously disassembled node causes severe difficulties.

If the perforator is still under warranty, then with the question of lubricating its gearbox, it is much better to contact a specialized workshop, which provides after.Sales service of such equipment.

In this case, the punch, the owner of which you are, do not apply to the discs or cassettes warranty in other words, the warranty period for your equipment has already expired, and the authorized service center is quite distant, naturally lubricate the gearbox without the help of others, observing the highest accuracy not vigilance. For this purpose, you will need:

  • A set of locksmith tools, using which for you you will have to collect not to disassemble the punch gearbox;
  • Unsuccessful rags;
  • The composition itself for lubrication.

“Native” lubricant for the gearbox Makita P-08361. Refueling with the initial assembly of the tool is not recommended for maintenance

It is better if a corporate remedy specially created for the equipment of a certain brand will act for lubrication. So, this will like a lubricant for you for the perforator Makita or Lubrication For Bosch perforator. If you do not have branded lubricant, but it does not work to purchase it, you can use inexpensive domestic lubricants.

It is very important that you have an instruction for a perforator that you are going to lubricate. Naturally, if you are the owner of the punch of Makita or Bosch, this should be the instructions for the technique of these brands.

All the details of the gearbox should be completely cleaned of the old lubricant

Having carefully studied the instructions for the perforator, you can proceed to the procedure for lubricating its gearbox.

  • Before disassembling, the punch should be cleaned well of dust.
  • When performing the disassembly of the gearbox, it is advisable to immediately remember how the elements of its design are located in it. At the same time, it must be borne in mind that to disassemble and lubricate the gearbox immediately after the end of use of the perforator is not recommended. This is explained by the fact that still hot parts of the gearbox when a cold lubricant gets on them can lose their physical characteristics.
  • After all the components of the gearbox are extracted from its case, they should be thoroughly washed with gasoline or spindle oil and wiped dry.
  • The inside of the gearbox body must also be washed, wiped (as far as possible) and let it completely dry.
  • When disassembling the punch gearbox, you can pay attention to the fact that on some elements of its design there is no Lubrication. This means only that such details do not need lubrication and there is no need to apply it to them.
  • As mentioned above, it is better to use proprietary lubrication for a drill gearbox or punch, which is distinguished by a number of advantages. In particular, branded lubricants retain their initial characteristics much longer, so they can be used much less often. In addition, the corporate lubricant has such an important quality as water resistance, so it effectively protects the metal parts of the perforator from moisture and, accordingly, from corrosion. As a good alternative to proprietary lubricants for a punch or drill gearbox, you can use Metabo oil, the cost of which is quite affordable.
  • After lubrication of all elements, the gearbox must be carefully assembled, observing the reverse sequence.
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So, than to lubricate the gearbox to minimize his wear?

It must be understood that the power tool is sold, being ready to use. This means that the oil in the right amount is laid in the gear node of the brand new perforator, and it is “correct”.

The owners of the tool also know about the need to constantly lubricate the tailings of the working nozzles. Thick lubricant for these purposes is almost always included in the tool.

Lubrication for the punch reducer, and the composition of the same brand marked “for drills”, fundamentally different from each other. Consumers for the gearbox are marked with a generally accepted designation in the form of two gears.

THE BEST LOCK LUBRICANT (TEST)

However, not all manufacturers generously manage their tool with lubricants. Sooner or later, the owner has a question: what lubricant to use for a perforator?

Since universal lubricants (for example, the same Litol-24) are not always suitable for these tasks, it makes sense to look for trademarks of manufacturers of power tools.

For example, a lubricant for the Bosch punch reducer is also suitable for other models. Elementary logic: if mechanical nodes work in similar conditions, then the requirements for lubrication are the same.

Only one point needs to be taken into account: the punch mechanism should be exactly the same as the Bosch tool for which this grease is intended.

Poinson instrument. Magic Oil

Presenting “Magic oil”. Punch Tools represents our lubricant for stamping metals on water.Based. Our customers constantly turn to us to solve their problems with lubricants when stamping parts. “Magic oil” answers them all. A little story. Magical oil appeared in the Michigan automotive industry and there was a need for lubricants on water.Based to replace old lubricants based on solvents.The main use of magical oil in the east is to reduce friction when forming large hoods, such as doors and hoods of cars. In this video, we see how Magic Oil is used to lubricate this production of stamps for progressive stamping. Applications Lubricates poinsons and matrices when they break through the metal Remains on a lubricant tool Suitable for all metals Rust inhibitor for steel Ready for use outside the bucket evaporates and leaves the minimum balance Rinfects pure powder coloring. Non.Toxic; No vapor; Do not worry

The process of stamping metal supports many types of production, including the production of cars, electronic devices, building materials and various production machines.In this process, metal products are produced by molding sheet metal by cutting it, bending or stretching by vertical movement of the poinson to provide severe pressure on the product.

At the same time, applying oil to sheet metal is an important step. Since the ponsons and matrices are strongly rubbed on the sheet metal, the refusal of the use of lubrication will lead to the appearance of scratches from friction. In addition, when working with stainless steel and titanium, the product can burn or scratch from the heat of this friction and even damage the matrix.

Reducing friction between sheet metal and a stamp due to the formation of a layer of oil film on a metal surface prevents the formation of scratches on the product, minimizing the damage to the stamp. In other words, the corresponding lubricant can reduce the number of defects and extend the life of the stamp.

Given this, what methods can be used to apply lubrication to sheet metal? With the exception of manual application with a brush and spraying, three methods are most often used.This is dripping, rolling and automatic spraying with a pistol-spray.

Dripping is the easiest way to apply oil. A copper pipe joins the glass oil or oil tank, and the oil drips on a sheet metal under the influence of gravity. This method can be installed cheaply and almost does not require maintenance, but its biggest weakness is that the oil can only be applied to part of the work.

Therefore, oil usually dripped from several pipes, or a felt roller is used to compensate. This method is also sometimes used as an additional method of applying oil to that part of the work to which pressure is attached, for example, with very thin sheet metal or material that is easy to process and usually does not need lubrication.

Most often, a roller is used in the process of stamping metal.In this method, the felt video is impregnated with oil, and then is made into contact with sheet metal to apply oil to it. Unlike the driving method, this method can be used to apply oil to a wider area of ​​the surface of the sheet metal. The width of the roller usually corresponds to the width of sheet metal in the range from 100 to 500 mm, but there are also large.Sized devices 2 meters wide.

The problem with the rollers is that the oil is applied uneven.The use of oil becomes especially insufficient in some places when the felt roller wear out. The workers on the floor are worried that defects will occur due to insufficient oil, so they will open the valve more to apply more oil. As a result, too much oil will be used. The fibers also fall from worn rollers, and this can be another cause of product defects.

In addition, many users believe that although the videos can be used to apply oil to the back of the sheet metal, the applied amount is usually inadequate.The oil impregnated with the roller can easily be assembled in the lower part of the video under the action of gravity, leaving less oil at the top, which comes into contact with the back of the sheet metal, which is a disadvantage.

So, how best to serve a lubricant during stamping? This would be applying the right amount of lubrication to the right place. If the oils where it is necessary will not be enough, this will lead to defects.However, if there are too many oils, the costs will increase because more oil is used. Thus, the problem of oil supply for stamping is the right amount in the right place.

Automatic pistols-sprayers are used for painting and applying coatings, but they are also widely used in the process of making metals, since they can be used in a wide range of applications for applying fluids. Compressed air is mixed with each drop of oil to break it into smaller drops, which are then distributed to a certain width for application.

Thus, an automatic spray gun can evenly apply a fixed amount of oil to the working surface. The interval is regulated for applying oil precisely where it is necessary. Of course, oil can be sprayed both up and down, so you can apply a sufficient amount of oil on the back of the sheet metal, so there is no need to worry about applying insufficient or too large amounts of oil

So what is the weakness of the automatic spray gun? One problem that is often talked about is excess spraying.If the fluid is sprayed too small, it can fly aside, without reaching work, or bounced back if it hit too much to work. This causes excessive spraying, which can pollute the environment and workers.

However, this problem does not cause anxiety, since the quality of spraying can be controlled. Air pressure used to spray oil can be set as low as possible for greater grain of drops, which will lead to a softer spray. Drops similar to the rain will simply reach the surface of the sheet metal and stick to it without polluting the environment.

Assembly of the shaft of the shock mechanism

First you need to lubricate the inner part of the cylinder pos.32 and insert a drummer poster into it.Thirty.

Remained in the internal corps pos.49 Put a greased barrel assembly poses.21 in place, putting it on the greased cylinder pos.32. As lubricants, it is recommended to use a special lubricant developed for Makita perforators. Lubricants are produced by several types: Makita P-08361 and Makita 183477-5 SDS-Plus. Lubrication Makita 183477-5 SDS-Plus is recommended for the gearbox. For shanks of the drills, the lubrication of the brand Makita 196804-7 is used.

lubricate, punch, makita, lubrication

Lubrices differ in color, but have exactly the same characteristics. And what lubricants are used in the perforator Makita 2450 and 2470?

And here is the assembled mechanical block in front of us.

Video General Disassembly and Assembly of the Perforator Makita 2450

Check its performance, rotating the intermediate shaft and monitoring the movement of the piston in the shock mechanism. All!

Now lubricate all parts of the mechanical unit recommended by grease. Here is an example of proper lubrication on rotating surfaces.And here is another example of generous lubrication of a mechanical unit.

You can’t spoil the porridge

So it is also allowed to apply grease. You can’t spoil the porridge!

A greased mechanical block must be closed with a plastic body pos.14 black. By applying the case from above on the knot, press the body until the node is completely fixed in it. Backwards to insert four bolts poses.10 into the case and tighten.Now it was the turn of joining the mechanical part of the electric motor rotor.

Rotor installation

The braid of the rotor gear is tightly inserted into the body of the mechanical unit and is pressed.

It remains to insert four homing screws M4 × 60 poses.57. And tighten them into the electric block housing.

A few more recommendations on the grease of the perforator

The question of how often the perforator lubrication should be performed, users of such equipment occur quite often. There can be no unequivocal answer to this question, since the regularity of the lubrication depends on the intensity of using the perforator, as well as on what loads the equipment perceives. In addition, it is necessary to pay attention to the recommendations of the manufacturer, necessarily indicated in the technical passport, as well as whether the warranty period has ended for the device you use.

Hidden surfaces of the parts of the gearbox must be lubricated before assembling mechanisms

To the question of how to lubricate the perforator of one of modern models, it is much easier to answer, since the advantageous majority of these devices already have a special container in their equipment, in which you just need to fill the lubricant, unscrewing the drain cover and drain the old lubricant. Before pouring a new lubricant, the level of which should not exceed the control mark, it is better to blow the container using any compressor suitable for this, and then rinse using spindle oil or ordinary gasoline.

How to lubricate the gearbox correctly

Having decided on the choice of the brand, we proceed to regulatory work. Liquid oils merge from the gearbox by analogy with the car. If the development looks too dirty, and is saturated with abrasive interspersed, the gearbox should be washed with a special composition.

You can also disassemble the body and carefully clean. Then neat assembly is carried out (if necessary with the replacement of gaskets), and the filling of the new composition through the standard holes.

Step.By.Step video instructions for lubricating the punch gearbox

The amount of oil is indicated in the documentation. In its absence, you can measure the volume. True, at the same time, natural losses should be taken into account.

With consistent compositions is somewhat easier. The gearbox is unequivocally disassembled, you can extract the components (carefully, do not lose the springs and stop rings).

Then thorough cleaning and washing of metal parts and gearbox is thoroughly cleaned. Kerosene is usually used (aggressive detergents can damage sealing bushings and gaskets).

A lubricant is applied to the assembled gearbox (without a lid). It should completely cover all gears and moving details of the mechanism. The thickness of the layer is not more than 5 mm, the internal cavities are filled completely.

However, you should not work on the principle: “You can’t spoil the porridge with oil”. Excess lubricant will complicate the operation of the mechanism and will definitely come out, simultaneously damaging the gasket or the oil seal.

The illustration shows how the gearbox should not be lubricated.

The frequency of replacements does not depend on the calendar days, but on the number of motorcycles. Data on this is in the documentation for the tool. It should be remembered that the “station wagons” of the type of lithola serve less.

With the correct selection of lubrication, you can independently serve perforators without paying for the work of service masters. The exception is the period of the tool for the guarantee.