How to make a cultivator with your own hands to a tractor

Cultivator for your own hands drawings and dimensions. How to make a cultivator for a power tiller

Before making a cultivator for your own sidecar it is necessary to treat all metal elements with a special corrosion-resistant compound to prevent premature rusting after frequent contact with the ground.

Simple models can be made without drawings. To make and properly assemble more complex devices, you need to plan the work, calculate the dimensions of the module and parts.

Makeshift cultivator from forks. a simple way to redo (remake) products. To do this, the teeth of the mechanism are bent with a hammer like a corkscrew and put on the handle. Shovel handle is used as a handle. For fastening use duct tape.

Some masters manage to make a cultivator with their own hands from a bicycle frame with a wheel. A steel rod is welded or bolted between the 2 base blocks. The head is attached to the crossbar. For this design it is recommended to take a wheel of medium size.

To competently assemble a disc cultivator and work properly with cutters, it is necessary to design schemes of nodes and individual parts. Taking into account the deformation of discs, special regulating nuts are used. The discs are welded to sleeves located on a rotating axis with brackets. On the bracket it is necessary to provide a ledge, where the tube will pass. The handle of the cultivator is attached to the pipe surface.

Cultivator for your own hands drawings. Hand cultivator with your own hands

The simplest version of making a cultivator at home. This is a small design, which is enough capacity to capture a strip width of 20 cm. The basis of the device is a handle in the form of a metal tube with a diameter of 2.4 cm. The length of the element is selected specifically for the height of the user. At the bottom of the pipe it is necessary to install a strong axle made of wood. The cultivating tools will be attached to it. Despite the simplicity of design, homemade hand cultivators can be supplemented with wheels. They can be cut from a 0.3 cm thick metal sheet and secured with nuts.

There is another version of the construction, assuming a base in the form of a strip of springy metal. In this case, the parameters of the workpiece should be as follows: length. This part is 5 cm wide, 2 cm thick and about 2 mm thick. A wooden handle is attached to this part, through which the cultivation will be carried out. The tape is bent, so it can be shaped into a loop, and then the edges can be filed on both sides. The loop can be made of any diameter, calculated on the basis of the size of the vegetable garden.

What is a cultivator on a mini-tractor

With the help of a cultivator it is possible to carry out the process of plowing and hilling as accurately as possible without turning out massive earth layers. Motor cultivator preserves the fertile layers of the soil, so when using this tool, you can achieve a high crop yield.

In specialized agricultural stores offer a wide range of the most diverse models of these products, among which:

How to make a cultivator for a mini tractor with your own hands

Agricultural workers, who have various improvised means “lurking” in the barn, should consider making a homemade cultivator for a mini-tractor with their own hands. Given the fact that the cost of store models is quite high, craftsmen can significantly save.

To make a cultivator with their own hands, you first need to understand whether you have all the necessary elements. If they are not available, you need to buy them in a specialized store.

All tools and materials that will be used in the construction of the cultivator should be strong and resistant to corrosion processes.

This is due to the fact that the working elements of the cultivator will be in constant contact with moistened soil, which plays the role of a rather aggressive oxidizer.

In the presence of the tractor driver, thinking about the manufacture of the tool, the following materials should be available:

  • pipe made of steel material with a length of more than 2 m;
  • Square-shaped plates of steel material not less than 15×15 cm in size;
  • plates of rectangular shape with a flat cross-section (20x25x5 cm);
  • fasteners (bolts and nuts) at least 20 pieces.
  • drill. it is mandatory to have a set of different drill bits;
  • welding machine and electrodes;
  • Angle grinder and discs, cutting on metal;
  • wrenches of various sizes.

The choice of specific dimensions of the plates, as well as other equipment, depends on several factors. First, it is the size of the mini-tractor or power tiller, on which the cultivator will be installed. Secondly, you should decide how the tool will be attached to the tractor, what type of connection nodes on it. Third, it is necessary to be guided by the type of land cultivation tool that the agricultural worker uses.

Varieties of cultivators

This technique is available in different models:

Almost all cultivators work on the same principle: the mechanical part is started, which drives the device loosening the soil.

Diagram of a manual cultivator (click on the photo to enlarge)

On the purpose of the technique depends on its classification: the difference in size, engine power, functioning, the extensiveness of work. Considering these criteria, they come in:

For relatively small plots with soft soil, the lightweight equipment is suitable, usually it is flower beds, greenhouses. Medium-weight equipment is designed for clay soil. Heavy equipment is universal, it is suitable for any type of soil.

Cultivators differ in the way they function:

We will dwell on manual cultivators, which can be made on their own to save money.

A number of advantages of manual construction:

  • They are economical, they do not need any fuel.
  • Replaces several tools: shovel, pick, rake.
  • Take up little space.
  • Help distribute the load on all the muscles.

What is better to use a single axle tractor or cultivator in the countryside, tells our next article.

Manufacturing technology

From a Tornado-type fork

Has the simplest design, somewhat reminiscent of a corkscrew. Consists of a vertical bar and a horizontal handle. Such a cultivator can be safely made by yourself from a normal fork.

Will require a plastic attachment, which is usually used for forks, shovels, in the form of a handle. Slightly modify the nozzle, so that the handle was like a horizontal tube. Take as it a part of a 0.5 m plastic pipe.

Please note: in order that everything would fit together, the diameter of the tube should be slightly larger than the diameter of the nozzle.

  • Along the pipe make a cut so that when you turn it out it will fit the handle.
  • For a secure grip and further practical use, fix everything with duct tape.
  • All that remains is to give the forks a twist in the form of a corkscrew. To do this, bend the tines in the desired direction with a hammer.

On the base of a bicycle

To make a home-made cultivator from improvised materials, you will need an old bicycle frame and a wheel.

  • The head of the cultivator is attached to the frame, which is either ready-made spare parts from an old machine, or made of steel bars. For the frame, a small plow will do. And for convenience, the handle is made of steel pipe.
  • The crossbar is made of a tube with a diameter of 2-3 cm.
  • The entire structure is bolted, nothing should dangle.
  • For convenience, take a wheel of medium size, fixing it with locknuts.
  • This kind of cultivator is designed for weeding between the beds.

Scheme of assembling a homemade cultivator based on a bicycle (click on the photo to enlarge)

Rotary disc

This kind is intended for breaking up hard pieces and leveling the ground. The main working element is the sphere-shaped discs. The whole difficulty lies in making them.

  • Spherical plates with a thickness of 4 mm are made of metal. Bowls are hammered out in the center of the plate itself.
  • Disks are welded to hubs, replacing them on the axle.
  • The edge of the axle is fastened in the brackets with special splints.
  • The ledge is made in the bracket, which is larger in size, through it the pipe and the handle.
  • The smaller of the two brackets makes a rod with a diameter of 25mm and a length of 26cm. A 15 mm rod is also screwed in here.
  • The convex corners of the cultivator are fixed with wing nuts.
  • Due to the rotation of the convex angles, the large staple deflects, the rod rises, and the angle of the elements changes.

Cultivator from a chainsaw

It is made on the basis of an engine from a chainsaw. It is good if you have all components, if not, you need to buy. Materials will be needed:

  • metal angle;
  • fuel tank;
  • tube;
  • rubberized wheels;
  • sprocket for the intermediate shaft (41 teeth);
  • moped sprocket.

To begin with you need to weld a cube-frame, using the metal corners for the power tiller. The frame size is 32×32 cm, the engine is mounted on top of the cross brackets, and the fuel tank is mounted on brackets at the bottom. Then an intermediate shaft is mounted on angled upright posts. For the propeller shaft, the bearings are attached to longitudinal angles. From all this comes out a single-axle tractor with wheel surface support.

For the handles use pipes with a diameter of about 30 mm. Good wheels will come out of rubberized. You need a 41-tooth sprocket for the intermediate shaft and the main sprocket (a moped one will do). It remains only to assemble all the parts in one mechanism, and you will get a garden cultivator from a chainsaw (by the way, how to choose a chainsaw, you can read here).

It can be managed even without drawings. In addition, the cultivator is not very picky about the materials for refueling, in contrast to purchased models.

Cultivators greatly facilitate land works, help qualitatively process the land before planting, to combat weeds and are simply indispensable for large plots. And if there is no money to buy these expensive machines, then it is quite possible to make their own hands.

How to make a hand cultivator from a bicycle in detail tells this

How to make a cultivator on a mini-tractor with your own hands

Agricultural workers, in the barn, which “lurks” a variety of improvised means, it is worth thinking about making a homemade cultivator for a mini-tractor with their own hands. Given that the cost of store models is quite high, craftsmen can save a lot.

To make a cultivator with your own hands, you first need to understand whether you have all the necessary elements. If they are not available, it is necessary to buy them at a specialized store.

All tools and materials to be used in the construction of the cultivator must be durable and resistant to corrosion processes.

This is due to the fact that the working elements of the cultivator will be in constant contact with moistened soil, which plays the role of a rather aggressive oxidizer.

The following materials should be available to the tractor driver who is thinking about making a tool:

  • a tube of steel material more than 2 m long
  • square-shaped plates of steel material with a minimum size of 15×15 cm;
  • plates of rectangular shape with a flat cross-section (20x25x5 cm);
  • fasteners (bolts and nuts) at least 20 pieces.
  • Drill. it is mandatory to have a set of different drills;
  • A welding machine and electrodes;
  • Angle grinder and discs, cutting on metal;
  • Wrenches of various sizes.
make, cultivator, your, hands, tractor

The choice of specific plate sizes, as well as other equipment depends on several factors. First, it is the size of the mini-tractor or power tiller, on which the cultivator will be installed. Secondly, it should be decided how the tool will be attached to the tractor, what type of node connection it has. Third, you need to be guided by the type of land cultivation tool that the agricultural worker uses.

Homemade plow for a mini-tractor

Homemade plows are used when it is necessary to process harder soil. The creation of this tool involves the following steps:

  • We take a plate with a thickness of 3 to 5 millimeters.
  • You need a pipe with five-millimeter walls.
  • The plate is sharpened with a knife. After that, it should become similar to a scythe.
  • The blade is milled with an angle grinder.
  • The working element of the grasshopper plays the role of the cutting element. It is hammered out on anvils.

The next step involves gluing the parts together. The main thing is to observe the requirements regarding the angle of the equipment. A ploughshare is placed on the steel plate. Elements are spot-welded to each other on both sides. A linkage with mechanical lift is not a hindrance.

Making a homemade twin-hulled plough for a mini-tractor on

Operating principle

The cultivator is very easy to work with. The tine position is perpendicular to the soil surface and can be turned by 60°. Tool height is adjustable.

The plough handle acts like a lever; even a light pressure is enough to drive the tool into the ground. The curved tines lift the topsoil, removing the weeds along with the roots.

In greenhouses and hothouses, the soil cultivation method is slightly different. The handles should be at a slight angle to the ground, not perpendicular.

If you work on virgin soil or heavy sod, divide the area into smaller squares of 20×20 or 25×25 cm with the tip of a spade, for example. And already after that, to carry out the processing of the cultivator.

Advantages of a self-made element

The possibility of independent production of a cultivator-tiller for a mini-tractor allows you to save money to a large extent. In addition, such an element is not difficult to assemble: you need a scheme of nodes from the Internet, but you can also make drawings yourself to design a mini-tractor with your own hands.

Among the advantages of homemade cultivators for mini-tractor are the following:

  • The availability of the necessary materials;
  • easy assembly;
  • Significant time savings when cultivating the soil on the homestead plot;
  • High-quality loosening and tilling of the soil, quick disposal of weeds;
  • In order to make a good tool, minimal monetary costs are enough. basically all the necessary materials and tools the dacha owner already has and used for other needs.

The main thing to remember before you decide to make a tool by yourself is that you can’t make a quality cultivator without thorough preparation. Therefore, before proceeding to the assembly, all materials should be treated with special anti-corrosion agents.

Remember a couple of other recommendations that will help make the tool most effective in the work. When designing, you need to pay attention to the crumbling angles. they can be both universal and ploughing. And so that after ripping the furrows remain flat, it is necessary to install a ripper foot on the power tiller.

Naturally, such a functional tool does not cost cheap. But, if all necessary materials are available, the loader can be assembled with your own hands.

Features of homemade loaders

As a reference point you can take the tractors T 40 or MTZ. They are most commonly found in domestic agriculture, and are equipped with a rear and front linkage with power take-off and a hydraulic system that ensures the movement of the attachment.

The main advantages of such a homemade device is the low cost in the presence of the necessary materials and tools. In addition, based on the technical characteristics of the equipment, you can make a homemade mini loader on the rear linkage with the most suitable volume and length of the boom.

As for the negative aspects, there are two:

  • Lack of material can lead to its purchase, which in terms of cost can come out much more expensive than the purchased version. In this case it will be more cost-effective to take a second-hand tool.
  • If there is no necessary equipment and experience in working with metal structures, machinery is absent, it can affect the quality of the manufactured device. Poor jointing of metal elements leads to a lack of strength of the forklift. Improper calculation of the balance and length of the device can lead to overturning of the equipment.

If everything you need is available and the decision to make the device by your own hands is made, then you should decide on the type of loader you need. The most common options are:

Makeshift loader on the rear of the tractor

Such loader is used on T 25 and T 40. This is a simpler option than the front loader in terms of calculating dimensions and installation on the tractor.

The first step in making a forklift for the back of the tractor will be to find or make a proper drawing yourself. The proportions and the sizes of the main metal parts should be kept accurately in it.

Next you need to prepare the necessary materials.

For the simplest model of the loader will need:

  • First of all, you need metal sheets and profile, which will be used as the base of the cat. The thickness of metal is selected based on the size of the bucket.
  • Cylindrical joints are selected on the basis of the drawing and load calculations for the loader.
  • You should also prepare three cylinders from the hydraulic system of the old equipment. Two cylinders will be responsible for tilting the bucket. One, the bigger one, will lift the boom.

As for tools, you will need:

  • angle grinder or a gas torch, which will ensure the most accurate cutting of metal profiles;
  • A powerful welding machine;
  • A hammer, bolts, washers, pliers and other small tools.

Assembly steps

The entire assembly process takes place in the following stages:

  • The first thing you need to make is a solid base. The base looks like a rectangle of metal angles or pipes with a square cross section. The lower edge of such a frame will be fixed to the canopy, so it protrudes a little. At the center of the frame another rectangle of pipes is installed. A large hydraulic cylinder would be mounted on it. On the upper part you need to make a spacer and four joints for the boom.
  • Next, the boom is made. To develop it, you will need two metal profiles, which are connected to each other at an angle of 30 degrees. To the upper part of the boom the ends of the base are welded and the hydraulic cylinder is attached.
  • The center of the boom is equipped with a cylindrical hinge. Here are fixed two movably connected segments that connect the small cylinders and the crossbar to set the bucket.
  • Next, the bucket is made. To make it you need one large and four smaller sheets of steel. From them are cut proportional rectangles, which will be welded together. The front one is set at an angle.

Self-made loader on a mini tractor with their own hands. The loader with their own hands on a mini-tractor

Buying any agricultural machinery, every owner quite reasonably seeks to use it for a wide range of tasks. Extremely popular today are mini-tractors that can perform a variety of work, ranging from land to construction.

However, you can not always buy a minitractor in a complete set with a loader, the cost of which separately is high enough. In this case, making this part yourself can be a real salvation, because it will allow you to use the vehicle for moving various loose building materials.

Where to start?

To independently make a loader on a homemade mini-tractor, you should take into account the model of the vehicle itself, because the weight of the attached unit will depend on this. In addition, you need to find a diagram showing how to lift the bucket to a certain height and operate it from the tractor cab. Given the sufficient complexity of such a mechanism, the implementation of this task should be approached very responsibly, carefully thinking through the design on paper.

Not to re-invent the wheel, it is best to take the lifting mechanism, which is used in many models of domestic tractors. The construction itself consists of 3 main parts:

  • The bucket itself.
  • The mechanism of hydraulic lifting.
  • Systems for mounting the loader to the mini-tractor and withdrawal of control elements inside the cabin.

Step-by-step manufacturing of all elements of the construction

Firstly, you need to make a loading bucket (1), which can be made of several steel plates, at least 6 mm thick, welded at the required angle. According to the given dimensions it is necessary to weld the side elements, and along the bottom longitudinal part. ridges, which will be good to catch loose building materials of different fractions. After proceeding to the execution of the most complex mechanism. the system of hydraulic lifting, for which we need the following elements:

  • 4 levers (2). here it is best to use a square tube of suitable cross section, in which you must make holes for the connection sleeves;
  • boom (4). is made from U-shaped channel and is attached to the bottom of the bucket on one side, and to the frame of the mini-tractor on the other;
  • Hydraulic elevators (5,6). it is best to buy ready-made, which can be found in the market of transport parts for tractors.

In addition to this mechanism will also need bushings, pins, brackets, adapters and connecting pins, which should be consistently assembled and fastened to each other. It is very important that the homemade front loader for the mini-tractor has the right center of gravity, which will avoid accidental overturning due to overweight. The sketch under number 3 shows the location of the wheel of the vehicle, which will allow you to correctly orient the loading mechanism in relation to the tractor itself.

Key leads

It is very important to observe the required proportions when performing the entire set of works, because the slightest inaccuracy can lead to inoperability of the mechanism. To do this from the beginning, you should carefully approach the project, precisely calculating the dimensions of all parts. The elements used should be made of durable materials, preferably treated with corrosion resistant coatings. Thus to make a loader for a mini-tractor with their own hands is quite real, which requires only attentiveness and skills to work with plumbing and welding tools.

Cultivator with its own hands with an electric drive

Two electric motors of 1500 watts each are used as the power plant. They are integrated into a single system by a belt and pulleys of the same diameter. On one of the motors the pulley is double, and with the help of the tension pulley the torque is supplied to the working pulley, which is connected to the primary shaft of the gearbox.

Rear wheels are not leading, when installed on the front axle of the rotary nozzle, they become a supporting structure. If you put the wheels on the drive axle. the rear axle adds stability to the structure. This layout can be fitted with different implements, from a shallow cultivator to a spear-shaped ripper.

The gearbox in this design is a prefabricated gearbox from the old “Neva” power tiller. After replacing worn-out gears. operability restored.

The advantage of this gearbox is the robustness of the housing. That’s why it was used as a constructional element of the cultivator. The front drive axle is an extension of the secondary shaft.

The frame is assembled from improvised materials, from a powerful ventilation system, from decommissioned military equipment. The aluminum tubes for the tiller arm support were taken from the same place. Bracket for attached implements is made of a plow holder from discarded farming equipment. The wheels are taken from it.

The only purchased element is the power cable. Lengths of 20 m. Enough to cultivate a 4-acre plot of land, with a socket in the corner of the field. Motor cultivator with a moped engine.

The drawing of the device is shown on the illustration:

The power plant is a D8 moped engine. Air cooling on the cultivator does not work, because of the low speed. Around the cylinder, a tin can is brazed and filled with water. Periodically adding liquid to prevent the cylinder block from getting warmer than 100° C.

A chain reducer, two-stage. Sprockets from bicycles and mopeds were used. Cases are welded from 3 mm sheet steel. The lower gear stage has a force function, so the output shaft is reinforced by steel bushes mounted on the gearbox housing.

Conclusion: The design is robust and reliable, tested by dozens of gardeners. Modifications can always be made to any of them, depending on the materials you have.

Mothic cultivator with a moped engine. video. Homemade frame welded from 40x40x5 angle and 20×20 profile pipe. Gearbox from VAZ 2101 is set, transmission from engine to gearbox is made via chain. It’s simple, it’s tasteful. Further details in the video clip.

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Toothed hand cultivator

To make a toothed cultivator will require more strength and skills, but if a great desire to make it is also quite simple, had steel pancakes and trunnion, as well as teeth and axle.

Steel pancakes are put on the axis of a certain diameter (it is necessary to make calculations on gravity and compatibility of the weight of both in advance). The pancakes must already have holes in them, into which the tines made of steel bars or spring steel are inserted. They are fastened with rivets, which are subsequently unbolted.

Although this is not the only option out of all those invented by ingenious dacha owners.

Functionality of the equipment

This is a special trailer attachment that attaches to your minitractor and can pass one or more rows of potatoes at a time, creating those very pyramidal mounds over each group of tubers. Before we tell you about this device in more detail, you should know the main nuance. To be really useful with the potato crop, you must initially plant plants with a certain frequency of rows, precisely calculating the distance between the holes. In this case, the hiller will not harm the tubers located under the ground.

Despite the fact that the market provides a wide range of mototractor okushnikov, still in order to save money, many people master it on their own. And it is not hard to make. The main thing is to have at hand the drawings, the right tools and material for manufacturing. And we will now provide you with instructions on how to assemble such equipment:

  • As disks we take old lids from pots. They should not be enameled, and the optimal diameter should be 40. 50 cm.
  • We sharpen the edges of the covers.
  • Be sure to pay attention to the shape of the covers. If they are straight, you will need to bend the edges a little.
  • We use pipes and bushes to make the frame, and then mount the wheels on it.
  • Attaching the discs to the frame.

That’s basically the whole range of work to create such equipment. So study the drawings and make such a device by yourself.

The example of these drawings makes it easy to build an arrow on a mini-tractor by yourself. And remember that proper care of the equipment will multiply its service life.

Making a tool for tilling the ground

Find drawings and diagrams, where all dimensions are calculated in detail and all instructions are given. Choose the necessary parameters for making your own device.

To assemble a simple disc planter for a power tiller with their own efforts, with which you can work one person, you will need only a few parts:

Blueprint of a disc coulter.

make, cultivator, your, hands, tractor

Use turnbuckles as an adjuster to turn the wheels by means of a vertical axis. Unfortunately, it will not be possible to increase (decrease) the tilt level in this case. For practical work, it is necessary to choose such discs, that the width of each track is equal to the distance between their lower points.

For convenience, the wheels of an arrow for a power tiller are best placed according to the axis of symmetry. Secure the tool to the power tiller with a hitch bracket without a ridge, to which the leash is attached. It is done using two bolts and a stopper. The second part is inserted inside the pipe and pressed down.

Bolts are used to secure the rocker to the mini-tractor. Then mount and bolt the bracket and secure the whole structure with nuts.

It is necessary to take care, and that the tool with your own hands is supplemented with a device that allows you to change the width between the coulter blades.