How to make a plough on a single axle tractor with your own hands
The first step is to make the frame, for which you can take a metal pipe with a cross section of 52×40 mm and a wall thickness of about 7 mm. For the fork you need to cut the wide walls of the frame facing each other. Next, on the frame, mark the middle, where the cross-beam will be installed, as well as welded uprights, to which the drawbar is attached.
At the front of the frame, at the beginning of the fork, there is a hole that is welded shut to prevent dirt from getting in.
How to mount a plow to a single axle tractor
Before we start setting up the plow, we need to prepare the single axle tractor itself and mount the plow to the single axle tractor. To do this, the single-axle tractor is placed in the field, the wheels with rubber tires are removed and steel luggage wheels are installed. This is done to reduce slipping of the walking tractor while plowing because of the resistance of the soil.
After that attach it to the attachment for the existing plow on the power tiller. The nuts on the fixing should not be completely tightened in order to be able to adjust the machine. Then the unit is secured to the mounting bar of the power tiller with two steel pins. Once these operations are complete, you can begin the operation of adjusting the plow.
How to make a plough for a power tiller with your own hands
Buying a single–axle tractor, we often can not buy all the attachments to it. For example, this difference in price is due to the type and quality, different complexity of the plows. That said, it is not always possible to buy the right attachment. Tools made by hand cost much less. Therefore, let’s consider here how to make a plow for a motor-block with your own hands. With drawings, with explanations.
The working area of the mouldboard must be given a cylindrical shape. If you have a roller, you can easily give the desired shape to your workpiece.
You need to blanks for the moldboard, which you previously cut out with metal scissors, or electro- or gas-welded steel sheet thickness up to 4 millimeters placed on the rollers at a twenty-degree angle, bend the workpiece, and then a heavy hammer to finish the workpiece to the desired shape according to the template.
You can use a steel tube with a diameter of 600 millimeters with a wall width of up to 5 millimeters for the blank. First you need to make a template of heavy cardboard, then cardboard is attached to the pipe itself so that the bottom edge of the template is an angle of about 23° with the edge of the pipe.
Draw the mouldboard line with chalk, then cut out the workpiece with a gas welder and grind it. If necessary, the workpiece is brought to the mouldboard shape by means of a hammer using a template.
This is the most labor-intensive way of making a mouldboard. It is necessary to place the workpiece in the furnace for heating. Then hammer the workpiece into the matrix. You can use the mouldboard from another plow as a model.
The material for making the plough frame can be a sheet of steel of grade 3 to 10, with a thickness of about 3 millimeters.
Design of the plow
The following types of plows are popular today:
The first type is the most widespread. On the Internet you can easily find many diagrams and drawings of a single-hulled plow. This is the most preferred solution for those who have no experience in making such structures themselves.
No special tools are needed for its creation. A standard set, which can be found in any garage or outbuildings, will suffice.
The difference of the reversible plough is the curved feather in the upper part of the construction, which allows the earth layer to be turned over immediately when it is lifted. It is the best choice if you have to work on hard ground. Due to the complex constructional solution, only a specialist is able to make it.
The most labor-intensive is the rotary plow. Its construction is similar to that of a cultivator, as it is equipped with several plowshares fixed on one axis at once. During ploughing, the axle is twisted, which causes the soil layer to be turned over.
The advantage of this type of plough is that it can work the soil down to 0.3 m depth without great physical effort. In addition, it makes it possible to carry out ploughing in various trajectories.
Construction and types of ploughs
To make a plow with your own hands, you need to have information about its structure and purpose of parts. The most commonly used arable tools of general purpose. It consists of several parts, which can be conditionally divided into working and auxiliary:
- The body consists of a rack to which are attached ploughshare with the mouldboard and the field board;
- The knife is the main cutting part;
- The skimmer is an additional cutting part that cuts the sodded layer of soil;
- The base frame on which everything is mounted, consisting of longitudinal beams, stiffening beams and struts;
- the height-adjustable support wheel;
- the hitch, the attachment system to the tractor or other moving vehicle.
How does this plow work?? The skimmer removes the top layer of soil with the plants growing on it, turns it over, and places it at the bottom of the furrow, which is the result of the body. The body with a tooling cuts part of the soil from the furrow side, loosens it, turns it not a certain angle (depends on the design), lays it over an inverted layer of turf (laid down by the skimmer). To level out the furrow wall, a scraper is placed before the last furrow body.
General purpose ploughs can provide the plowing depth from 20 to 30 cm, share from 16 cm (they also lack a knife and skimmer).
According to the number of bodies the ploughs can be single body, double body and multiple body. The body consists of several parts:
- The working surface of the ploughshare and the mouldboard;
- field board.
This part is responsible for the quality and type of ploughing. The soil layer is cut by the share and driven up to the mouldboard. This is where the soil crumbles and turns. The degree of turn depends on the shape of the mouldboard. There is a field board attached at the bottom of the body. Its purpose is to keep the plow from shifting to the side of the furrow that has already been plowed.
If you are going to make a plough with your own hands, it is necessary to choose a design taking into account the type of soil you are going to cultivate. Plow bodies are available:
- The mouldboard. For plowing with complete or partial turning of the layer. Such plows contribute to soil formation (grown plants are cut, laid at the bottom of the furrow, where they decompose), enrich the soil with oxygen (due to loosening).
- cultural is used for long cultivated land, crumbles the soil well, turns in a medium degree;
- half-screw mouldboard hulls are used for tilling of virgin lands, plowing of heavily sodded soil, it wraps soil well, moderately crumbles it (models with extended feather wrap layer completely);
- Screw ploughs are good for tillage of virgin land, the layer is completely encircled;
Planning to make a plow with their own hands, the design of the plough body is chosen based on the type of soil and the goals set. Sometimes the choice depends on the type of plantings being grown. For example, under root crops, intensive loosening is required, which none of the above plough bodies gives. Then a special combined. It has shortened moldboard and plowshare, as well as a rotor. When plowing, the rotor additionally crushes the soil that comes from the ploughshare.
The plough blade is one of the working parts of the plough (part of the body). Its job is to cut the soil layer from the wall, crumble it and turn it over (turn it around). That is, in many ways, depends on the quality of the moldboard how well will be prepared soil. When making your own plow, keep this in mind.
Shape and drawing of mouldboard made of steel sheet thickness of 3 mm
The moldboard is made of carbon steel sheet or special three-layer. It has a complex curved shape, which determines the degree of crushing the soil and its turnover. Structurally differ in a ploughshare breast and a wing (nose).
The moldboard breast cuts the soil layer from the furrow wall, crushes it and starts turning the cut layer. The wing wing finishes the turnover. As you can see, the chest does most of the work, so it wears out, on average, twice as fast. That’s why the mouldboard consists of two parts. In this case, in case of heavy wear, the moldboard breast can be replaced. One more nuance: at the factory, in order to reduce friction between the layer and the surface, it is polished.
There are four basic shapes of the mouldboard, each of which gives certain characteristics to the plowing:
- Cultivated mouldboard. it crumbles the layer well and wraps it rather completely. Used for plowing large areas of long-developed land.
- Cylindrical. crumbles the soil well, but does not wrap it well. As a result, crop residues in this case are evenly mixed with the soil. This kind of moldboard is used on light soils.
- Semi screw and auger plough. Wraps the layer completely (plant remains are placed with roots upwards), but very poorly crumbles. After ploughing with this mouldboard, the field has pronounced waves. Before ploughing, it must be levelled (harrows, tillers etc.).д.).
when choosing materials, note that the mouldboard and the share must be almost the same thickness: allowable step size is 1 mm. Also the play between share and mouldboard should be very small, no more than 0.5 mm.
To make a plow with your own hands it is necessary to decide on the form of a ploughshare. The blade is a part that undercuts the layer of soil, along which also the cut layer of soil rises and falls on the moldboard. To make it, high-strength hardened steel is used.
- to the bottom of the furrow at an angle of 22-30°;
- The choice of angle in relation to the plane of the furrow depends on the type of mouldboard:
- for the cultural blade of 40°;
- cylindrical 45°;
- Screw and half screw 35°.
This arrangement gives the least resistance to advancement, with the blade well trimming roots, breaking up clods of earth, which slip on its surface.
Shins come in different shapes (see picture above). Making a plow with their own hands, they are chosen according to the type of soil and the complexity of making:
Plowing the garden with a self-made tractor
- Trapezoidal. The easiest to make, with the advantage of an even furrow bottom. The disadvantage is that they wear out quickly and are difficult to penetrate. This is why trapezoidal coulters are most often used on older types of land. To compensate for the rapid wear, some store material is made on the reverse side. At the next pulling back, part of the reserve is lost.
- Toothed and pull out chisel. These share types are used on heavy soils (clay, loam) and where there are lots of stones.
- Chisel-shaped. Distinguished by a sharp, forwardly projecting nose. This overhang is pulled out to the side of the field by 5 mm and down by 10 mm. This curve allows better and faster ploughing and smoother ploughing. To compensate for wear, there is also a length reserve in the magazine. Chisel ploughs are used on heavy soils.
Of all these types, chisel blades are the most common. They are more stable in work, with them there are no problems when plowing: the plow easily goes down to the desired depth.
The dimensions of the blade made of 50-60 mm thick wall pipe (a gas cylinder will do)
As it wears, the plowshares are pulled back. sharpening the cutting edge. Do it regularly, because if the blade is blunt (more than 3 mm wide), the resistance of the plow increases by 50%. That’s why it pays to have your equipment inspected and serviced on time.
There are several types of ploughs, each with special features of shape and design.
Single-hulled plow for motor-block the simplest by design, there are a lot of drawings for this type of product. It is suitable for beginners blacksmiths, because doing it is simple.
Self-made reversible plow for power tiller is interesting because there is a bent feather on top of the body, thanks to which the gardener has the opportunity to turn the soil immediately during processing. This product is great for hard ground. Only professionals are able to bind such a unit.
The most complex design. a rotary plow. It looks more like a cultivator than anything else, because of the multiple shares fitted to one axis. The soil is turned by the axle, which rotates the entire soil layer.
We learned how to make plows, now let’s try to make a trailer for a power tiller with our own hands.
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How to set up a plough
In addition, it is necessary to adjust the plow correctly: the working part of the edge should be inclined by about 40 degrees, because this slope allows to make the work most effective even on difficult soil.
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Harrow for power tiller. it will simplify the work, save time and your efforts. With it you will perfectly prepare your plot.
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If the angle is too small, the cutting part can simply fly out of the ground, and if the angle is too steep, the edge just won’t overcome the heavy soil. And the blade angles usually range from 30 to 140 degrees.
Making a two-tine plough
Unlike the monohull plough, this one has two well-built frames with cutting elements. Through the use of two blades, such a device can work virgin land and large areas of land.
- Shape two moldboards using a sufficiently thick steel plate and bend them. For reinforcement on the inside we will weld an iron strip.
- On the opposite sides we’ll weld the uprights. Drill holes in them. In the future it will be possible to adjust the height.
- Next, let’s mount the body. For this we need pipes. Let’s cut them and weld the frame. Let’s attach the elements we have created to the frame.
- Let’s weld a flange to the design and use it to connect the homemade unit to the tractor.