How to make a potato planter for a tiller yourself

Device

  • a frame that has wheels of a pair-drive type;
  • bucket. Potatoes are loaded into it;
  • ralnika that makes a depression in the ground;
  • a bracket with a spoon or cup that plants the planting material;
  • furrow opener.
make, potato, planter, tiller, yourself

Many models of potato planters simultaneously, during planting, add a substance that fertilizes the soil. For these purposes, special models are sold, which are equipped with one more containers in addition to the seeding units.

All models work on the same principle:

  • Potatoes are poured into a ladle. Place bags of potatoes on top so that you do not stop working every 10 minutes.
  • Special brackets move it in the required direction.
  • The opener is responsible for creating pits, which are filled with it after the potatoes get into them.
  • Tubers are laid in the ground.

The discs move during the operation of the unit, so the potatoes are covered with earth.
The distance between furrows and rows is regulated by farmers independently. As a rule, a minimum of 20 cm of stock should be left between the furrows, and 70 cm between the rows.

As a result, you will get even and equal rows.
As soon as you have planted the potatoes at the same distance and buried them thanks to the disks of the closing type, the last thing remains: there are traces of the work of the unit in the garden, which need to be removed.

This can be done using a cultivator. How to choose a cultivator for a summer residence, read here.

A do-it-yourself potato planter for a tiller will make your life easier and will save you not only money, but also the time that you spend on planting. If you are going to build it, then you should take into account the weight of the potato planter.

Models that are lightweight can work with miniature motors or tillers with low performance. For example, for MTZ 320, the traction performance should be 0.6. Read more about potato planters for MTZ. here.

But, in general, the units of a potato planter are heavy, therefore, when mounting it on a tiller or fastening it to a tractor, it is imperative to calculate the front and rear counterweight. The latter will not allow the equipment to be lifted, while ensuring its reliable and high-quality work and durability.

Be sure to install a seating position on the planter and a stand on which you put your feet.

The frame for the seat can be made of a pair of welded corners, and for the seat itself, you can use boards, which should then be covered with foam rubber or other material of your choice.

Tiller potato planter and mini-tractor

Another potato planter is a little more complicated in its parameters, but quite interesting in terms of its technical design. The main task of this equipment is to plant tubers at the same distance to a certain depth and evenly cover them with earth.

This additional attachment is indispensable when planting potato tubers with a tiller.

It can be single-row, double-row or multi-row, depending on the design used when assembling the frame of the potato planter.

With the help of the developed structures, it is possible to regulate the planting of tubers. Often such attachments are reinforced with additional fasteners.

DIY potato planters are best used on pre-treated soil.

Such improved designs allow you to quickly and efficiently plant potatoes of various sizes, while the distance between the tubers will be the same.

Planting depth is also automatically adjusted.

This equipment can be used both on small household plots and on farm fields. Its work is very effective and can help with planting not only potatoes, but also, with some re-equipment, other vegetables.

How to assemble a bunker

To make a bunker for potatoes, you need to take plywood with a thickness of 1.2 cm, cut to size of the part, stretch it, then fasten it with steel corners.

After that, you need to cover the finished bunker with waterproof paint and install a rubber gasket inside so that the potatoes for planting are not damaged.

Further, the ripper holder and the wheel axle, which has a certain prefabricated structure, are attached to the frame of the future structure with the help of bolts.

The axis is based on a steel or cast iron pipe with thick walls.

Spikes or trunnions are inserted into the ends of the pipe, which must be turned on a lathe.

Then special holes are drilled in the pipe, through which, after assembly, pins are inserted to hold the spikes.

When complete assembly has been carried out, the pins must be welded. The wheel axle is secured by two steel clamps with four M 16 bolts.

How to make a tiller potato planter yourself

You need to start making agricultural equipment by assembling the frame. This requires a steel channel of the eighth standard size. Since the potato planter is designed for small equipment, the bunker itself should be small, no more than twenty kilograms.

  • It is necessary to install a vertical lift inside. It should have bowls with a diameter of about eight cm.In order for the mechanism to work, it must be attached to a wheel where the chain transmission will work.
  • In this mechanism, according to the drawings and pictures, there should be a pipe for withdrawing seeds, which is fixed under the elevator with a raking part.
  • The sprocket with a diameter of eighteen cm should be connected by a chain with the sprocket of the tiller, thus the coupling transmission.
  • The transmission chain can be removed from the bike. Thanks to this, the distance between the holes with potatoes will be approximately 35 cm.

Picture of loading potatoes into a potato planter

Materials and tools for manufacturing

Building a potato planter is not easy. But it will not be difficult for home craftsmen to make such a technique. To do this, you will have to collect the following parts:

  • metal corner or profile square tube for the frame;
  • axle with bearings for grousers;
  • two gears and a chain for the conveyor;
  • steel wire 5-6 mm;
  • any conical bunker or make it yourself from tin;
  • lugs (they are made from a small gas cylinder).
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In addition, a platform should be equipped where a vice and a welding table are located for assembling and adjusting homemade products.

And you will also need tools:

  • angle grinder with a set of cutting discs;
  • DC welding machine with electrodes;
  • drill, drill bits for metal;
  • other set of locksmith tools.

Now you can start assembling, following the instructions and advice of skilled craftsmen.

Device and principle of operation

All such units have almost the same design. This is necessarily a solid frame on which the rest of the units are attached, consisting of an axle with lugs, two gears, a conveyor with cells for root crops and a feed pipe. A small plow is also attached to the frame to create a furrow in which the tubers are laid at the same distance. And behind the frame, a disc hiller is installed for backfilling the potatoes with soil. The whole planting process takes place automatically.

The principle of operation is simple and is as follows. When the tiller moves, the planter’s lugs begin to rotate, on the axis of which an asterisk is located. It is connected to the top gear by means of a chain. It is precisely the conveyor for feeding tubers into the furrow. The cells welded to the chain grab the potatoes and feed them into the guide tube. A small plow is located at the very bottom. He makes a furrow for the potatoes. A hiller is installed behind the frame, which backfills root crops.

The distance between tubers in a row is from 35 to 40 cm. All adjustments are made during the manufacture of the unit. Then tests are carried out and the deficiencies are eliminated.

Description of finished models

homemade, Polish and how to do it yourself 2 x row

Spring is the time when everyone enjoys the first warm sunshine and blossoming trees. But do not forget that many people associate this time of the year with the beginning of sowing work. Planting potatoes is not an easy process that requires a lot of effort, time and energy. You can plant potatoes with a tiller. About this. in this article.

Many farmers purchase a two-row potato planter to help themselves. But this equipment costs a lot of money, so you can use a tiller (see here) or a tractor (see here) for this purpose, and build a potato planter for it yourself.

At the same time, such an assembly is assembled very simply. It can work in automatic mode or under the influence of the operator (manual potato planter). Self-made two-row homemade potato planters will make it easier to plant potatoes.

In addition, such equipment can evenly distribute potato tubers in the soil, as a result of which the crop becomes not only of better quality, it becomes larger than usual.

The potato planter is simply an indispensable unit that every farmer should have.

Setting up the unit: what track should the tiller have when planting potatoes?

Regardless of the specifics of the landing, there are rules for setting up the tiller before work.

In the potato planter, check the following settings:

  • planting depth from 10-15 cm;
  • tiller track width within 55-65 cm;
  • the distance between tubers is about 20-30 centimeters;
  • tops must be planted at the same distance.

To make it easier to navigate, you can use a rope. It is pulled along the entire perimeter of the site.

After sowing, the metal wheels are replaced with rubber ones. It is important to keep the same width. The wings are set at the maximum distance. After such simple manipulations, you can start filling the crop with earth.

Homemade potato planter device

In a farm, a potato planter is simply irreplaceable. With its help, you can not only plant potatoes, but also fertilize the soil. The planting material is evenly distributed, which greatly facilitates agricultural work.

You can make a potato planter yourself according to ready-made sizes, pictures and drawings. This device consists of the following elements:

  • Frame to which the main parts of the unit are attached.
  • Container for planting material.
  • The mechanism that is responsible for the movement of tubers into the holes.
  • Rippers for digging holes.
  • Wheel base.
  • Details burying holes after planting potatoes in them.

This minimum is enough to make a device that is simple in its configuration. If you use additional elements, they will make the structure slower and reduce its performance.

A homemade potato planter can be made from scrap materials that are easy to get hold of. It is necessary to prepare in advance sheets of metal of various sizes, bolts and nuts, an angle grinder and welding, wheels, channels.

Planting potatoes with a tiller with a potato planter

Simple recommendations will help you cope with planting a vegetable with minimal effort and time.

First, the soil must be plowed and buried, if possible, moisten. After that, ridges are formed. The shed consists of a furrow for the entry of potatoes into the ground and a disc hiller for backfilling holes. the tiller is equipped with lug wheels and a potato planter.

Before planting potatoes with a tiller, you need to configure the appropriate parameters:

  • the depth of the furrow that is being formed;
  • the width between the potato rows;
  • the settings of the planting material laying mechanism are set.

With this device, you can plant potatoes in just one go.

We plant potatoes with a tiller:

  • cut even planting furrows. This is an additional loosening of the soil;
  • sprouted potato tubers sprouted upwards at a distance of 30-45 centimeters. The smaller the planting material, the shorter the distance;
  • close the furrows manually with a rake or with a motor-cultivator.

When forming furrows, you need to leave a distance of within 55 cm.This will be enough for the subsequent processing of the vegetable (weeding, loosening, hilling, harvesting), the wheels will be able to pass freely without harming the already buried potatoes.

Specificity of using a catrofle planter

The planter is an excellent solution for those who want to save time on gardening work. It is in special demand among fans of potato cultivation according to the Mittlider principle: neat holes are cut at an equal distance, narrow beds are not disturbed, the rake immediately lends soil to the tubers.

There are some nuances in using this method:

  • the seed will have to be selected: the tubers should be as uniform as possible, the young shoots should not be very long. If this condition is not met, the vegetable will be injured;
  • it is recommended to use a special device capable of simultaneously applying potatoes and fertilizer to the hole.
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Proponents of the mechanical method of planting potatoes argue that the use of this technique has a positive effect on the harvest, since when using it, the soil looses much better.

Tiller potato planter

Many gardeners have switched to the most mechanized planting process. A potato planter for a tiller is especially relevant if the land plot is large. The planting process is significantly accelerated. the potatoes are simultaneously planted and hilled.

How to make a potato planter for a tiller with your own hands?

The tiller planter is basically a trolley on wheels. It has its own manufacturing nuances:

  • collecting the frame. These are connected channels, as well as longitudinally located spars, secured by three transverse elements. An arch and forks are installed in front, on the sides there are racks of parts responsible for planting and burying holes. The frame is laterally secured with plate supports that serve as the vas deferens. The wheels are equipped with grousers, between them a wooden disc six centimeters long for grabbing potato tubers and moving them into the holes;
  • bunker manufacturing. It may be plywood, but the metal structure is much stronger and more reliable. The measured four sides of the hopper are cut out and welded together. The bottom is covered with rubber to prevent damage to the tubers. The frame is reinforced with steel strips, they connect the middle transverse part with the arch. Next, pads and corners with a thickness of 4 millimeters are welded. A support and a footboard are attached to the side members, which consists of a metal sheet with a thickness of 5 mm;
  • mounting the bunker. A vertical lift with bowls of about 8 centimeters in diameter is being installed. For the mechanism to work, it is attached to the wheel, where the chain transmission works. The product outlet pipe is fixed under the elevator and pressed down with a raking piece. A sprocket with a diameter of eight centimeters is associated with a tiller sprocket for grip. The chain used for transmission can be removed from the bike. Thus, it is possible to achieve a distance between holes of 35 centimeters;
  • seat making. You will need a metal corner. The support connects to the foam-covered boards for added comfort. Steel tube can be used as a wheel axle that fits the frame.
  • furrow cutter at the bottom of the structure. Discs from a seeder with two bearings can act as burial elements;
  • you can use almost any wheels from old technology.

Ready-made drawings will greatly simplify the assembly process, while the potato planting kit can have a wide variety of dimensions. A homemade design weighs a lot, so it is worth installing additional weighting materials on the tiller to prevent it from tipping over.

The process of planting potatoes is time consuming, requiring a lot of effort and free time. The automation of agricultural machinery made the work much easier. At the same time, it is not necessary to purchase an expensive potato planter at Tiller MTZ and Neva, you can make it yourself.

The process of making a potato planter for a tiller with your own hands

It is quite difficult to plant potatoes in a field or garden, so you can adapt a tiller for these purposes, and build a potato planter for it with your own hands.

It is not difficult to assemble such equipment for planting tubers. It can be automatic or work with human participation.

A special DIY potato planter for the tiller facilitates the planting process. In addition, this unit can evenly distribute potato tubers in the ground, which means that the quality and quantity of the crop will improve.

The potato planter is an irreplaceable piece of equipment that you can assemble by hand.

How to assemble a bunker

To make a bunker for potatoes, you need to take plywood with a thickness of 1.2 cm, cut to size of the part, stretch it, then fasten it with steel corners.

After that, you need to cover the finished bunker with waterproof paint and install a rubber gasket inside so that the potatoes for planting are not damaged.

Further, the ripper holder and the wheel axle, which has a certain prefabricated structure, are attached to the frame of the future structure with the help of bolts.

Spikes or trunnions are inserted into the ends of the pipe, which must be turned on a lathe.

Then special holes are drilled in the pipe, through which, after assembly, pins are inserted to hold the spikes.

When complete assembly has been carried out, the pins must be welded. The wheel axle is secured by two steel clamps with four M 16 bolts.

Wheels, Ripper Holders and Planters

In order to make potato planter wheels, you will need several steel sheets. You will have to tinker a little with them, but this will justify itself when planting, since they are made in the form of wide cylinders that are not able to strongly compact the soil.

Hubs are welded onto the wheels, on which two bearings are fitted. Then the bearings are pushed onto the spikes, and felt gaskets and special covers are used to prevent them from getting dirty.

The Spedo Potato Digger for the BCS Tractor

If you wish, you can not bother with home-made wheels for a potato planter, but use rubber from agricultural units and machines.

To make a ripper holder, a bar is welded in the form of a square of 2 corners measuring 500x500x50 mm.

You can make a regular welded square, but it will be susceptible to twisting during operation.

At the ends of the bar, clips are welded from pieces of steel sheet 0.6 cm, inside which stands of cultivator paws are installed. over, the size of the clips, during their manufacture, must be selected so that the gap between the clip and the inserted stand of the cultivator paw does not exceed 1 millimeter.

In order to collect seedlings for a potato planter, you need a steel or cast iron pipe with a diameter of 10 cm, with a wall thickness of at least 0.3 cm.This wall thickness is taken because it should not bend under the pressure of the earth.

A furrow cutter is welded to the bottom of the pipe, which is made of a sheet of steel with a thickness of 0.6 cm.

To regulate the depth to which the furrow cutter should enter the ground, it is enough to loosen the ladders and adjust its position with the help of vertical movements of the seed tube along the frame supports.

A small alteration will be required for the backing discs, which were removed from the SO-4,2 seeder, because they have only one 203 bearing. On each disc, it is necessary to grind a hub to a certain size.

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After that, it is pressed into the housing, which, after boring, already has the size of two 160503 bearings.

New bearings have one side closed, and the other side has the same bore size as the removed bearings. The result is a compound that neither dust nor dirt can enter.

Automatic potato planter

First, a frame of size 8 channels is assembled for an automatic potato planter. A special plywood bunker for 15-20 kg of potatoes is attached to it, in which an elevator is vertically strengthened, which has special bowls of 5-8 cm in size.

For this design to work, it is connected to the drive wheel using a chain drive.

A sevnik tube is fixed under the elevator, which is pressed by the rake.

You can read here everything about choosing a universal mini-tractor for a summer residence.

The sprocket attached to this structure is 8 cm in diameter and the sprocket on the tiller is 16 cm in diameter.

Due to them, a chain transmission works, which can be made on the basis of a bicycle chain. In this case, the distance between the potatoes when planting is 35 cm.

Tiller potato planter and mini-tractor

Another potato planter is a little more complicated in its parameters, but quite interesting in terms of its technical design. The main task of this equipment is to plant tubers at the same distance to a certain depth and evenly cover them with earth.

This additional attachment is indispensable when planting potato tubers with a tiller.

It can be single-row, double-row or multi-row, depending on the design used when assembling the frame of the potato planter.

With the help of the developed structures, it is possible to regulate the planting of tubers. Often such attachments are reinforced with additional fasteners.

DIY potato planters are best used on pre-treated soil.

Such improved designs allow you to quickly and efficiently plant potatoes of various sizes, while the distance between the tubers will be the same.

Planting depth is also automatically adjusted.

This equipment can be used both on small household plots and on farm fields. Its work is very effective and can help with planting not only potatoes, but also, with some re-equipment, other vegetables.

Self-propelled potato planter | WKM CLE 130 V | Home made

How to design a tiller potato planter

Before making a potato planter for a tiller with your own hands, you need to calculate all the dimensions by drawing up a drawing.

The basis of any unit is a frame on which all units are fixed. It is welded from pieces of a channel in the form of two longitudinal spars and three transverse steel strips.

An arch is welded in front of the side members, which has a fastening fork with a central link, two lower link fastening pins are also welded.

After that, on the sides of the frame, the plate supports of the seed pipes and the posts of the sealing discs are strengthened.

Further, the frame is reinforced with two steel strips installed obliquely obliquely, which are located from the middle transverse strip to the arch.

The latter is reinforced with two trapezoidal plates and kerchiefs of a 4 mm steel sheet, which have the form of a right-angled triangle.

A potato hopper is attached to the plate-shaped bracket, which is screwed with two screws. He himself is fixed on two steel strips installed on the opposite side.

Some features of the potato planter

Since the potato planter itself has a fairly large weight, when installing it on the tiller, it is imperative to install a counterweight in front, which will not allow the unit to lift its nose and provide good stability.

The potato planter must have a seat and footrests.

The seat frame is made of two welded corners, and the seat itself is made of boards, and then covered with foam rubber and leatherette.

The seatpost is attached to the side members with corners, and the footrest is also installed.

This equipment works like this: potatoes are poured into the bunker, a few more bags are placed on top so as not to run after potatoes from one end of the field to the other.

Then the seeder sits down in his place on the potato planter, and the driver. behind the tiller, and the movement begins at a speed not exceeding 1 km per hour.

The seeder simultaneously sends a tuber into the seed tubes on both sides, and this is how the planting is carried out.

When potatoes fall into the ground, they must be sprinkled with earth. For this, the sealing discs were designed, which, when rotating, shift the upper layer of the earth and fill up the potatoes.

The discs are designed in such a way that they have a certain angle to the furrow and when the potato planters move, they rotate, therefore, the potatoes are backfilled with soil.

The device of the sealing discs allows you to change the depth of the seam undercut in one of three options:

  • It is enough to loosen the ladders, with the help of which the supports are pressed against the racks.
  • You can change the angle at which the discs will enter the soil: just rotate the stands around the axis.
  • Adjust the movement of the discs in the desired direction along the axes of rotation. For this, four pins are provided per hub axle, by moving which you can change the gripping width of the discs.

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At the following address http://spez-tech.com/tehnika/selhoz/dlya-sadovodstva/kak-vyibrat-kultivator-d-dachi.html an article has been prepared for you that allows you to decide which cultivator to choose for a summer residence.

With these three options, the movement of the planter can be adjusted so that the action of the seed discs is almost perfect. It is matched according to the type of land on which the planting is carried out.

Once the potatoes are planted at the same distance and buried with the seeding discs, there is still work to be done.

There are traces of the potato planter and tiller on the field that need to be removed. This is done using openers. cultivator shares on racks.

Here you can also adjust the depth of their planting in the ground by moving vertically in the stands. Their fixation is done using through fingers in clips.

We present to your attention a video showing how a do-it-yourself potato planter for a tiller works:

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