How to make a tiller ice rink
How to make a harrow for a tiller with your own hands?
- Varieties and their structure
- Rotary agricultural equipment
- Disc fixture
- Tooth harrow
- How to do it yourself?
To increase work efficiency and increase productivity, special attachments are used. a harrow. In the old days, horse traction was practiced to carry out work on the ground, and now the harrow is installed on a mobile power unit. a tiller (if the plot is small) or attached to a tractor (when the territory of the cultivated area is decent). Therefore, a harrow for a tiller becomes an extremely significant device for every understanding agrarian, and when it is made with his own hands, it is also an object of pride.
Rotary agricultural equipment
If we talk about a rotary harrow for a tiller, its main advantage is the optimal removal of the upper layer of soil. To level the ground with her participation is also not a question. The depth of loosening of the soil ranges from 4 to 8 centimeters, it can be adjusted, taking as a basis the feature of the work.
The size of the harrow in width is also very important, here not only the tiller’s resource is taken into account, but also the area of the cultivated area. As a rule, this value is equal to 800-1400 millimeters. Such parameters are explained by the ability to work comfortably, maneuvering in areas with a small area.
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Rotary harrows of industrial production are made of a quality metal alloy, which makes it possible to actively use the equipment for decades (with appropriate care and maintenance).
On quality agricultural implements, the blade has an oblique configuration, and the teeth are at an angle to the ground, having an ideal invasion angle for high-quality cutting of the soil, leveling it and eliminating weeds.
Tiller cultivation with a similar device is practiced if it is necessary to obtain a uniform and loose soil layer. The teeth are arranged evenly and can have all kinds of configurations and sizes: square, knife, round, and so on. The height of the tines depends directly on the weight of the agricultural implement: the higher the weight, the higher the tines. Basically, their parameters vary from 25 to 45 millimeters.
This equipment can have several methods of aggregation with the chassis. In one version, by means of a spring rack, and in the other. articulated.
The tine harrow is subdivided into:
- general direction tooling;
- specialized (mesh, meadow, articulated and other).
Varieties and their structure
There are several options for loosening the soil, differing in design and having a number of characteristic properties.
Harrows are divided into the following types:
- rotary (rotary);
How to do it yourself?
In order to start creating a harrow for a tiller on your own, you will first need sensible drawings. And it is recommended to learn how to compile them on a sample of the most uncomplicated agricultural equipment. a tooth harrow, which, in synthesis with a tiller, will safely cope with plowing of small sowing and other material, as well as pre-planting loosening of the soil. In appearance, it will look like a lattice frame with welded teeth or bolts attached to it.
- It is imperative to equip the front side with a hook. The hook can also be a regular bar with a hole, which is placed in the tube of the towing device with fixation by means of a cylindrical or conical rod. Between the hook and the chassis, after complete assembly, it is necessary to weld the movable chains.
- In order for the tool for loosening the soil for the tiller to come out reliable, it is preferable to cook the grate from reliable corners or tubes with a square cross section and a steel thickness of more than 3 millimeters. You can give it a finished look with a cage with elements located across and along. In the process of assembling the structure, it is necessary to monitor that each segment of this lattice is at an angle of 45 degrees to the straight line along which the tiller moves in order to reduce bending stresses. Additionally, you need to take into account that the entire supporting base must fit into the boundaries of the handles of motor vehicles. In terms of dimensions, it is acceptable to make it at most one meter. only a real tractor will master it wider.
- Next, you need to prepare fangs 10–20 centimeters high. Reinforcing steel with a diameter of 1.0–1.8 centimeters has shown itself to be excellent in this capacity. The most important thing here is to follow the principle: the longer, the thicker. In addition, the teeth are hardened and sharpened before being welded to the grid. There they should be placed 10 centimeters apart (a more rare arrangement is ineffective). It is possible to install the teeth with a slight offset across the row, so that they are more comfortable to cook and they make the necessary loosening depth possible. Along with this, it is necessary to balance so that their counteraction is oriented symmetrically to the thrust shaft, otherwise the tiller will start to “wiggle its tail”, as a result of which they will not be able to harrow.
Disc agricultural implements are the most advanced modification, which carries out more activities when cultivating the soil. At home, a disc harrow can be created exclusively for cultivator type motor vehicles (cultivator). 2 pipes are made, they must be securely fixed on the axis of the cultivator. Due to the complexity of the implementation of this work at home, you will need to give it to the enterprise to a turner or use shafts from a faulty cultivator. The total length of the pipe should be no more than one meter. the cultivator cannot handle an overly heavy device.
Discs with a diameter of approximately 25 centimeters are mounted on the axle. In order to reduce the resistance on them along the edges, cuts are made with an angle grinder every 10 centimeters of the circumference.
The holes for seating the discs are made slightly larger than the diameter of the axles. The discs are mounted with a slight slope towards the center of the shaft. On the left side of the axis, the slope is in one direction, on the right. in the other. The number of disks is taken so that they mutually replenish one another along the slope. basically they are installed every 5 centimeters.
Making a disc harrow in-house is much more difficult than making a toothed specimen. A self-made device requires the most precise adherence to the dimensions of the elements (in strict accordance with the diagram). It is easier to purchase an inexpensive Chinese one and subject it to refinement, having welded all the welds conscientiously, which, as a rule, is not performed at the factory.
A disc harrow is used on dry soils, it performs the same function as a rotary harrow, but is completely different in structure. Here, the key components of loosening are discs, which are similar in configuration to stars. They stand on the same shaft at a specific slope, guaranteeing maximum soil penetration.
It is easy to make a harrow for motor vehicles on your own, but for this purpose, according to the rules, developed diagrams, drawings, source materials and tools are required. The choice of the device directly depends on the abilities of the craftsman and the intentions of using the device.
What needs to be done first?
At the first stage, it is necessary to develop a drawing, present the future view and at least the approximate dimensions of the trailer. After that, you need to calculate how many meters of rolled metal you need to purchase for this structure, including the channel. They will serve as a frame for your hitch. So you will not only save money on purchasing, possibly, extra corners and screws, but you will also be sure of the correctness of your actions. Because anything can come out at random, just not a trailer.
How to make a trailer for a tiller with your own hands: instructions
What can you do with your own hands from scrap materials? Almost everything! Starting with the simplest furniture, ending with movable vehicles. And today we will consider one of the ways through which you can make a trailer for a tiller with your own hands.
So, we have prepared tools, a drawing and necessarily a welding machine, because without it, you simply cannot make a homemade trailer to the tiller, because such a structure will not pass for a long time on self-tapping screws. First you need to make a frame. This is also the basis for a trailer, therefore, it is necessary to measure and make calculations with high accuracy. Errors in sawing and joining channels are excluded. A do-it-yourself trailer for a tiller can be made from rectangular pipes measuring 60 by 30 millimeters, which will serve as the basis for the entire structure. In addition, it is necessary to prepare 2 steel squares measuring 25 by 25 millimeters, which will act as a traverse. All this must be welded together and secured for structural reliability with 5-6 crossbars. In this case, the traverse and cross members should form small outlets relative to the side members.
We weld a couple of longitudinal pipes on the sides to the front of these edges, on which the racks will be installed further. The upper straps must be welded to the latter. As a material, you can use the same 25 mm pipe with a cross section.
Pay special attention to the sides as well. In addition to the rear one, it is advisable to make 2 side folding ones, which will greatly facilitate the loading and unloading of various building materials and make the trailer more versatile, since you will have the opportunity to transport oversized cargo. The metal of the sides should have a thickness of no more than 0.8-10 millimeters.
DIY trailer for a tiller: chassis
This is a particularly important aspect when designing a homemade device. Here, as wheels and springs, you can use parts from any domestic car, for example, “Zhiguli” or “Moskvich”. These units are connected to the beam by a welding machine, and the ends are connected to the spars. On the latter, by the way, it is necessary to install the axis of the earring and the bracket.
And the last thing to do. it’s a drawbar. At this stage, the question of how to make a trailer for a tiller with your own hands will be accompanied by welding a 60×30 mm pipe to the front ends of the side members. In this case, the ends of the beams must be docked and welded to the body of the towing coupling. This gives you a complete 2-beam drawbar.
Differential Tiller Hub
The hub for the tiller is the main component in the operation of such equipment. It is designed to be attached to the tiller of attachments designed for performing agronomic manipulations.
The hub can be used to attach equipment such as pneumatic wheels.
There are two types of hubs:
- differential hub.
It is generally accepted that the differential hub is universal for all types of tillers. It makes it possible to simplify the maneuvers of the technique and is suitable for both the cart and the tiller. The differential hub consists of a retainer and several bearings. To perform the turning maneuver, you just need to unlock the required lock. The hub with bearings is used for the tiller cart and is universal for all motoblock agricultural machinery. When using a hub with a differential, you will simplify your life and improve the functionality of the tiller, thereby prolonging its working life.
Tillers with wheels are standardly equipped with these elements, but it is not very convenient to remove them every time when it is necessary to attach attachments. Therefore, it is logical to acquire another pair. This will save you time and reduce wear on key components. Below you can familiarize yourself with a diagram of how to make a hub for a tiller with your own hands.
Tiller hubs: how to make it yourself?
The need for these devices for a tiller is undeniable. Different types of such structural elements are used for motor vehicles. They can be purchased on the motoblock equipment market or made with your own hands. The process is straightforward if you follow the instructions exactly. It is enough just to make a hub for a tiller with your own hands using the following drawing.
When crafting a part by hand, it is best to use the highest quality materials. There is a need for the element to be durable, since a large load falls on it during operation.