How to make a window frame with a hand router
Window unit with your own hands. Making a window frame. How to make a window frame with their own hands
The first association that comes to mind when mentioning euro windows are single or double chamber PVC constructions in white. These are the windows in most apartments and private homes, replacing the outdated frame construction. The alternative to plastic windows, which is inferior to wooden ones on ecological compatibility but better in operational characteristics. wooden euro-windows. Their parameters are impressive, their appearance is good, and they are environmentally friendly. Unlike plastic ones the wooden window box with the proud prefix “Euro” can be made by yourself. Making wooden windows with your own hands is a common thing for many users of FORUMHOUSE.
- What is it and how is it made?
- Wooden windows with their own hands
- Materials, tools, drawings, connection of elements
- Chamfered from the corner
- Chamfering, assembling, finishing
Euro. what is it and how is it done
Euro-window. is a construction consisting of a frame, double-glazed window and perimetral fittings, controlled by a handle.
Perimeter fittings. this is a prefabricated fitting, complete with several parts, assembled along the entire perimeter of the profile. It provides multi-point locking of the sash, through a single handle, which allows for maximum tightness and prevents blowing. With this fittings window, having an opening sash can operate in two modes. rotary and tilt-turn. In the pivoting mode the window opens only by turning, in the combined mode. the window sash opens and tilts.
The basic constructive difference of “Euro” from the usual windows. it is one frame, which can contain several double-glazed windows. The main of the technical characteristics of the “Euro”. a complete tightness achieved through a variety of seals. Thermal conductivity will depend on the number of air chambers, on the type of glass in the double-glazed unit, and on the correct installation of the window. That is why the material of the profile does not play a significant role, the important thing is functionality of the construction and its characteristics.
What you need to assemble a “lazy” frame
To make such a frame, you need to prepare an even, well-dried timber “five”. It should be grinded in advance, because in the assembled frame it will not be so convenient to do. You will also need 20×20mm slats.
However, if you need other dimensions, the glass can be made under the prefabricated structure.
You will also need glue, self-tapping screws and nails, and the only tools you will need are a hand saw, a screwdriver and a hammer. No machine tool or router, as agreed.
Consecutive assembly of the lazy frame
What to start from. the size of the glass or the finished window opening. it is up to you to decide. The frame can consist of several sections, so start with making measurements and sketch a construction sketch.
Here we are done with the frame frame, now you just need to prepare the mount for the glass. In the usual version, a recess is made in the frame with a special mill. But since there is no such tool, you should slightly change the design of the frame.
At this stage, it is better to install the frames in their place without inserting the glass. It will be much more convenient, you do not risk accidentally break the fragile material. Wounds are inserted into the openings and the voids are filled with assembly foam.
How to make a box
Profiles for the window with one pane and for the window with two panes.
At first the window box is made. Its height and width should be less than the opening by 4-5 cm. This will facilitate its installation and subsequent thermal and waterproofing. When marking on the boards, use a square. Make in them a milling machine or an electrorubankom pick under the frame, as shown in the diagram Cut boards to size.
Connecting the verticals and horizontals of the box is done in tongue and groove (studs are cut on the bars). Making the studs and grooves, be careful because of your accuracy depends on the strength of the entire structure. When marking and cutting the box details take into account the dimensions of the recesses made in the blanks. The tenons and grooves are cut with a router, but not everybody has one, so you can use a hacksaw, a mallet and well-sharpened chisels.
Assemble the frame on a workbench or other flat surface. Check the corners with a square. Measure the 2 diagonals, if both are the same length, the box is assembled correctly. Tighten the box with self-tapping screws and drill four holes for dowels.
Remove wood screws, disassemble the workpieces, glue the tongue and groove joints, and reassemble the structure. Insert dowels, check once again that the frame is square and tighten it definitively. You can reinforce the construction with window brackets. Set it aside for the moment.
Making the frame
The window frame has a more complicated profile. How it looks like in the section shows the following diagram Selecting 15 x 20 mm is made under the box. 10×14 notches are for glass and glazing bead. The size of the frame should be less than the inner dimensions of the box by 1 mm on each side. This will allow you to compensate for the swelling of the wood in case of high humidity.
If the joints “tongue and groove” and the installation of dowels in the manufacture of the box was a desirable condition, as it can be rigidly fixed when installed in a window opening, then for the frame, these elements of construction are a must. The opening sash is subjected to more intensive stresses, and its lack of rigidity may lead to warping.
As you can see from the diagram, timber can be prepared for either double or single glazing. Properly plan and cut the timbers to the chosen dimensions for frame width and height. Prepare tongue and groove. Assemble the frame into one piece. Check the correctness of the assembly is carried out in the same way as in the manufacture of the box. Create dowel holes, disassemble the frame and glue all exposed surfaces together. Assemble the frame, check the corners, hammer dowels, screw the frame with wood screws.
I must add that the fasteners should be screwed into the pre-prepared holes somewhat smaller than the diameter of the self-tapping screws.
The wood is impregnated with olive oil or other compounds.
The frame is inserted into the box. After that, it is checked whether the entire construction is properly assembled. The overhangs are installed, the surfaces are painted, the windows are inserted and the glazing bead is stuffed. The box is mounted in the opening without a frame. It is hinged after fixing the box.
Described the easiest way to make a window, but the task will not be complicated if, making the box, in its lower rung on the outside you make a slot to install the sill (then the moisture will not fall into the space between it and the board), and from the inside. for window sill board (this will provide additional rigidity of fastening the sill).
You can add that the frame profile can be assembled from strips of plywood of different widths and thicknesses. They are glued to each other and fastened with self-tapping screws. Such a method is useful for those who do not have the necessary tools for working with solid wood.
Showcase Okna Body I decided to change the windows on the porch, in the village house. I wanted the windows to be wooden and warm. You don’t want to clog up your dacha with plastic. And the wooden double-glazed window is not cheap, if not expensive. Have the tools, hands and seems to be in place, measured and ordered double glazing, single-chamber, frameless, 30 mm thick. For the entire veranda, that’s 7 windows, size 1.3 м. width x 1.4 м. height, it came to 13000. And proceeded to make wooden frames. What I needed for one window 1. The board is dry, edged and planed. 100 mm x 20 mm x 3000 mm (120/piece.). 8 pcs. 2. Boards dry, edged, planed. 45 mm x 30 mm x 2000 mm (58/pc.). 4 pcs. 3. Glue, wood impregnation, self-tapping screws. about 50 4. Glazing bead. 35 mm x 14 mm x 3000 m (125/pc.). 2 pcs. 5. Double glazing. (with delivery). 2000 TOTAL: 3492 Making a window bar Two boards 100 mm x 20 mm sawed in half. I got 4 boards of one and a half meters.
We take 2 3-meter boards 100 mm x 20 mm and mark every 100 mm.
Saw into squares of 100 mm x 100 mm. I used to do it with an end mill.
Mark four marks on the segments 20 mm from each edge.
Drill through with a 4-millimeter drill bit.
And then, we glue the segments, WARNING fibers across. to the 1.5-meter four planks.
Then we drill through the four millimeters with a four-millimeter drill bit. From the edge 20 mm.
We put on glue (on the opposite side from segments) a plank 30 mm x 45 mm (which had a rest)
Turn over and tighten 65. We use wood tapping screws.
We have four of these blanks.
We coat the workpieces with impregnation. I used biotex, 2 layers.
We mark the necessary length and saw down the edges at 45 degrees.
Assemble the frame We connect our workpieces and drill holes at an angle through 18. Ti millimeter drill bit.
Connecting our workpieces and 18. Ti millimeter dowels, carefully we dabbed with professional glue pva (household is not good). And we drive the dowels through.
Sawing off unnecessary dowels. And connect three more corners.
Insert the previously prepared double-glazed window in it.
We adapt to the size of a glazing bead and use it to tighten the insulating glass unit. By the way, I also coated the glazing bead twice beforehand with biotex.
And here are the windows installed. We have already survived the winter. flight excellent.
And this is the windows before the insulating glass.
And this frame opens. Now I’ll tell you how I made it.
Making the opening sash
How to make a frame for the window opening, we saw above. Now, how to turn it into a full-fledged opening window. We take the frame, and in the upper and lower quarters, exactly in the middle, we make cuts 40mm wide, the depth of a quarter, and remove these segments.
We measure the got height, on the preliminary prepared, dry plank 100 mm х 40 mm, we do a mark corresponding to length,
And install it in place, pre-spreading the joints with glue. Also, I made two holes at the top and bottom through the frame directly into the forty and drove 18-sided dowels in it with glue.
A 30 mm x 45 mm bar we have not yet forgotten. on the frames above, we made quarters with it. Here this bar will perform the same function. saw it to the required length and glue it on both sides of the sash. I smeared it with glue and tightened it with clamps, after a couple of hours it’s impossible to tear it off.
We are installing the blind part of a double-glazed window,
Well, we have a frame, the blind part of the window is done, the opening for the opening sash is the same. left to make the part of the wooden glazing, which will open and close)
In the following picture I showed the dimensions of the wooden profile I used when making the opening sash. These saws I made with a circular saw, which has an adjustable height sawing blade. In the picture: О. this is our frame 1. the profile of the opening sash in which the glazing glass will be inserted 2. Profile of the opening sash, which will act as a glazing bead, as well as, will close the gap between the sash and frame.
Wooden windows with their own hands
Today, windows made of wood are not a tribute to fashion but a vital necessity for every person. They are products that perfectly harmonize with almost any kind of furniture, flooring, doors and interior, thus creating a sense of warmth and coziness.
The main advantage of wooden windows is that their profile is much warmer than plastic. Wood is quite a poor conductor of heat, and its natural porosity allows the structure to change its geometric parameters without compromising the integrity of the frame.
Also produced from wood windows, characterized by the best performance properties. They have excellent soundproofing, and the profile is able to dampen the occurrence of normal noise and resonating sound waves.
Another positive property of this type of window can be called repairability, as they can easily remove very noticeable scratches. In this case, the wood has proven itself in our climate, and if it is properly cared for, it will serve you for a very long time.
Wooden window. an environmentally friendly product, which in contrast to the plastic does not emit any harmful substances and has no electrostatics. It has improved durability, high dust resistance, and low thermal conductivity.
The only disadvantage of these windows is the need for regular renewal of the coating, namely once every 5 years.
Thus, the basic advantages of wooden windows include the following:
- they have low thermal conductivity;
- are environmentally friendly;
- They can be painted, impregnated with special substances that protect the surface and primed;
- they blend in with any type of interior;
- Have excellent durability with relatively low weight;
- provide proper air exchange;
- create a good body and sound insulation;
- Are highly frost-resistant and have a low coefficient of thermal expansion.
In this case, good sound insulation of such a window is achieved thanks to:
- the possibility of adjusting the thickness of the airspace;
- installation of the required number of panes, which have optimum thickness;
- the tightness of the shutter.
Types of wooden windows
Depending on the purpose and location of the window, created from wood can have a variety of constituent elements, fixing mechanism and shape:
Windows that open in both directions. 2. Windows with rotary, tilt-and-turn and tilt mechanism. 3. Multifold windows and windows that have deaf and opening sashes.
Wooden windows with their own hands
To make a wooden window with your own hands, you need to have patience and special tools, because such work involves laborious, but not very difficult process.
Choice of material
When making a wooden window yourself, the most important thing is the material. If you make the wrong choice, then in the future may cause such problems as warping and shrinkage of the product. Experts recommend using glued, rather than solid board and beam. Such a frame will not dry out or swell, and it will not warp. In the process of purchase pay attention to thoroughly dried laminated veneer lumber.
Making a box
To make a window box of standard parameters you can use planks with a section of 5×15 cm. For a larger product, it is necessary to select a larger cross-section to ensure structural rigidity.
- Only pressed and dry timber should be used for the window frame. Using an electric plunge cutter a 1.5 cm deep, 13 m wide notch is selected in such a way that the profile is L-shaped. Such a ridge provides increased tightness of the finished product;
- Then it is necessary to saw the board into 4 parts and fix them between each other with a spike.
If you are engaged in the manufacture of the window yourself, it is better to use the most simple connection, namely, on the board, which will be horizontal, is sawed a spike, and on the board, which will be adjacent to it. groove. To accurately and correctly perform such work, we recommend using a hand router or chisel and hammer.
Once the work with the board is completed, the fixing points are smeared with joinery glue, and only then is the box assembled. When the glue dries, the window frame is finished.
- For qualitative fastening it is necessary to put metal corners on box corners;
- for a more rigid fixation in the end of the connection, a wooden pin is mounted in a specially drilled hole;
- All parts must be connected at an angle of 90.
Making the window frame
The frame can be made of glued beam with a cross-section of 5×5 cm. For the vent, you can use boards with a smaller cross section.
The principle of joining the frame parts is the same as that used for the frame. However, installation of wooden dowel and use of metal angle is obligatory. This is due to the fact that the window frame has the most stringent requirements than the frame.
After you have made the profile, cut the board into blanks with an electric planer or a jointer. Then it is necessary to prepare the tenon joint on them.
Now the window frame can be assembled and covered with oil. Always use metal brackets.
After the installation of the frame it is necessary to install the glasses and fix them with glazing bars that are also covered with oiling wax beforehand.
The ready window frame with inserted panes can be painted if you wish or left as is. Of course, if you apply olive oil, it will advantageously emphasize the structure of wood, but the use of oil paint is the preferred method.
Installing a wooden window
Installation of windows made of wood, requires observance of the following principles:
- First you should determine the depth of seating of the window in the opening. Only then you will eliminate the formation of condensation between the frames;
- it is technically more convenient to install the window using a mounting block;
- The parameters of the openings should exceed the size of the finished frame by 1-2 cm, and at the bottom by 5-6 cm;
- each corner of the opening must correspond to 90°, and the difference between the lengths of the diagonals must not be more than 1 cm;
- The surface of the window opening must be smooth.
- Draw the position of the finished product in the window opening;
- Apply sealant to the underside of the window;
- glue a gasket on top of it;
- then install the frame of the window unit;
- check the level of the exposed product;
- wedge the frame using pegs.
During the installation of wooden windows the main elements of fasteners are special mounting systems, building dowels and screws. The distance between them should be about 80 cm. It is unacceptable to fix window units using only sealants, glue, foam or construction nails.
If you are installing a new window, the adjacent corners should prevent cold bridges that could cause condensation.
- First you should drill the profile to the window opening, and then the frame itself;
- insert a dowel into the opening and screw the window to the frame;
- Then push window sashes onto the hinges;
- seal the construction;
- When the unit will be fixed, seal all gaps with installation foam;
- When it hardens, you need to cut off the excess, and the cuts should be insulated.
Once you have installed, fixed and sealed the window unit, you must carry out the process of adjusting the sashes.
6 answers to Wooden windows with their own hands
Where is the window in them?! The sash ek, ae?! And the vent is the most important detail in the window. Check it is simple, make two types of windows, one make with a vent, the other on the contrary without it, and place ads in the newspaper that are sold as a window without a vent, and vice versa having it, and vice versa that are sold windows with a vent, and without it, for equality of these verbal “summands”. And further look which of these sold types of windows, which with or without a vent, will be more often in demand among buyers, and you will see that windows with a vent, will be in greater demand among buyers than windows without a vent, because if it were not so, then all the windows, would always be made by people without vents, but for some reason, these vents in windows are made, and made, people, shaking their extra efforts and time for it.
Reinforcement from the manufacturer is a steel bars, which are widely used in all areas of construction. for example, in the design of bridges, high-rise residential buildings, fences for highways and.
Double-leaf swing doors will allow you to competently beautify the interior and create a holistic space, taking into account the latest trends in interior design. The door leaf can be made on the basis of reliable and durable materials, which perfectly.
Such a process as installation of metal tile, consists of a variety of activities for the construction of roofs for new buildings and maintenance, as well as repair of existing roofs.
Making windows with your own hands with us
Modern technology has greatly simplified the manufacture of windows with their own hands. But a true craftsman does not need special equipment. It is enough of an ordinary cutter in order to decorate their own apartment window works of art.
To make an ordinary window frame you need to buy several 6×4 cm pine bars. Surely you can imagine how the frame for a wooden window looks. A fairly simple connection is used. tongue into groove.
The standard length of a dowel is at least 3 cm. The intersection of the boards is made in a half-tree. Assemble the frame on dowels and glue. Holes for dowels are drilled at a distance of about 2 cm from the inner edge and are positioned so that the dowel enters easily into the dowel. Of course, you will need to carefully measure the window opening and mark the material to within millimeters before you start processing wood.
After all the dowels are hammered in, use a belt sander to grind both sides of the prepared frame thoroughly, removing the slightest irregularities. Next, you work with a hand-held router.
You will need a special nozzle for picking out a quarter. Use it to choose the groove to place the glass. The depth of the groove. about 1 cm 6 mm under the glazing bead and 4 mm under the glass.
Corners of the groove will come out slightly rounded, but this defect is easily corrected with a well-sharpened chisel. The main thing is to work carefully and not to break off the extra part. On the reverse side, you can roughen the frame with a router edge. That, in principle, is all the production of windows with their own hands. Using the same technology can be made and the door frame.
For a person who is even slightly familiar with carpentry, to make a window frame will not be difficult. Manual work allows you to make custom windows and doors, significantly different from standard windows. The first window may not look too impressive. But it will also find its application in the same summer cottage. In addition, by doing the windows yourself, you will save a lot of money.
Recent architectural trends are such that large windows in the house are becoming more and more fashionable. It all started with the glazing of office buildings. Soon the trend caught on in the private sector. Today, many urban.
It has become very fashionable to install a plastic window on the roof of the attic. Mansard window looks very original and makes it possible to use the attic as a living room.
If you want to decorate your plastic window not only beautifully, but also modern, pay attention to roller blinds for plastic windows. Externally, they strongly resemble the classic sample of curtains, but with a little.
The consumer has long been accustomed to the optics “chameleon”, which allows depending on the sunlight to protect the eyes from direct rays. Modern window manufacturers have borrowed this idea and offered a plastic chameleon window for.
Euro windows: with their own hands made of wood
The process of manufacturing a wooden euro-window will require certain financial investments. the cost of wood, components, equipment. Also it is easier to order the window glazing from professionals, although some craftsmen manage to assemble this device by themselves. But also taking into account the impressive cost of the finished product, which belongs to the elite, and therefore quite expensive products, the savings will be solid. If we are talking about building a new house or full glazing of the old one, the difference can be tens of thousands.
Windows with their own hands: step by step instructions
Windows are constantly exposed to external influences and temperature differences between indoors and outdoors, which inevitably leads to changes in the geometry of the structure when it comes to wood. To minimize possible warping, frames and sashes are not made of a solid bar, but of glued. You can buy ready-made, if there are reliable suppliers, or you can glue your own. In the second case, a billet of at least three lamellae is dialed, so that the fibers are directed in opposite directions. If possible, choose the wood of radial sawing, tangential “leads” stronger. For gluing, special, moisture-resistant compositions should be used.
Bar cross-section is chosen based on the number of double-glazed windows. for a window with one chamber a 6 x 4 cm bar is usually used. In manufacturing conditions, not only do they select grooves in the frame for the glass and external seals, but also for the internal. One of the former manufacturers of wooden euro-windows shared his drawings, simplifying which you can get a high-class construction, almost as good as ready-made. In order to make a window with your own hands, the drawings are quite suitable.