How to properly cut a tree on the site
What to do if a neighbor’s tree interferes
It is the responsibility of the owners to ensure that the landings do not go beyond the boundaries of the site. Therefore, if plants from a neighboring plot interfere, the neighbor has the right to demand a settlement of the problem.
Taking into account clauses 6.7.-6.9. set of rules 53.13330.2011 “Planning and development of territories of horticultural (summer cottage) associations of citizens”, the minimum distance from the trunks of tall trees to the border of a neighboring site should be at least four meters, and from medium-sized trees. at least two. The distance from shrubs should be at least one meter.
If the branches of a tree growing on a neighbor’s plot are shading your plot or covering it with foliage, you can contact the owner directly to remove the disturbing branches. The request must be made in writing. It should indicate the date by which the situation must be resolved. If the request is ignored, you can start drastic measures.
Is it possible to cut down interfering tree branches from a neighboring site yourself
Plants on someone else’s plot are not your property, so you will have to answer for damage to property in accordance with Art. 1064 of the Civil Code of the Russian Federation. In this case, the branches that are spread out on the site are not prohibited to be cut.
The tree is the property of the neighbor, therefore he undertakes to bear responsibility for it, according to Art. 19 of the Law “On horticultural, vegetable gardening and dacha non-profit associations of citizens.” If the trees do not grow according to the rules, then you can force them to transplant or cut down through the court or in a pre-trial order.
You can only cut down interfering branches on your own territory. Some owners cut the overhanging branches along the border of their plot and are entitled to this if the neighbor ignores legal requests. In this case, you have to dispose of the cut branches yourself. However, it is recommended that you first notify your neighbors and give them time to resolve the issue. If there is no reaction, you can do everything yourself or file a lawsuit.
- What to do if a neighbor’s tree interferes
- Is it possible to cut down interfering tree branches from a neighboring site yourself
- How to get a neighbor to cut down trees
- How to file a lawsuit correctly if neighbors shade the plot and do not want to correct the situation
Loud music from a neighbor or repair work on the site are resolvable issues. If a neighbor planted a tree right next to your plot, this poses a danger to the crop and creates a conflict situation. Disputes should be resolved amicably, but court proceedings are sometimes appropriate. How to get rid of a neighbor’s tree?
How to get a neighbor to cut down trees
How to get rid of a neighbor’s tree
How to file a lawsuit correctly if the neighbors shade the plot and do not want to correct the situation
If an agreement with the neighbors did not work out, you can settle the issue in court. The grounds for filing a claim may be:
- Violation of fire safety regulations. In this case, the lawsuit will not be about shading the site, but about the danger to life: the requirement to eliminate violations of Art. 304 HA that could arise from an interfering tree. This is the most effective strategy for dealing with obstructing thickets.
- Lost profits as a result of deteriorating conditions for growing crops. If the vegetable garden is the only means of obtaining food, or you are selling crops, then there is a chance to get a positive decision of the judicial commission.
- Damage to health. Due to the lack of sun and high humidity due to strong shading, mold can form, provoking diseases.
- Shading area. If the branches cover a third or half of the plaintiff’s plot from the sun, then you can try to prove a violation of the permissible distance to the planted trees.
- Destruction of the soil and the occurrence of interference with construction work. Here again, the claim is filed not for shading, but on other grounds. Referring to the fact that trees interfere with construction is a great way out of the situation.
Before going to the courts, you should analyze each element of the claim. It is necessary to determine whether this will be a demand for elimination of violations, or a claim for compensation for harm.
In a situation with the shading of the site by neighbors, it will be necessary to prove the fact of violation of insolation norms. This will require obtaining conclusions from:
Due to the fact that there are no documents regulating the level of insolation, it will not work to refer to the official paragraphs in the laws. In judicial practice, there are not often cases when the requirement to transplant a tree is satisfied. This usually acts as an additional requirement, and the main reason for filing a claim should indicate more significant reasons and violations.
It is beneficial to sue neighbors only if the thickets seriously interfere: shading affects the amount of the crop or contributes to the occurrence of diseases.
How to legally cut a tree in your area
In order not to violate the law to cut a tree on your site (whether in SNT or ONT), in most cases (there are exceptions, see below), you must obtain permission to cut down green spaces from the local authorities of the municipality, which is called a felling ticket.
But why? Can’t the owner dispose at his own discretion of the property on his site, including trees??
Fruit trees and shrubs in your garden can usually be cut without prior permits.
Who issues the felling ticket (felling permit)
First, according to federal legislation, relations between executive authorities, legal entities and citizens on the conservation and restoration of green spaces can be regulated by the laws of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation. in compliance with the powers of local government bodies.
Secondly, in accordance with the Federal Law of October 6, 2003 N 131-FZ “On general principles of organizing local self-government in the Russian Federation”, the organization of landscaping and landscaping of the territories of settlements, the use, protection, protection, reproduction of urban forests located within the boundaries of populated settlement points and within the boundaries of the municipality, referred to issues of local importance (clause 19 of part 1 of article 14) of the municipality (clause 25 of part 1 of article 16).
As for the issuance of felling tickets, being an integral part of the process of organizing the improvement and landscaping of territories, it belongs to the powers of local governments on issues of local importance.
Cutting down, including dead and damaged trees in green spaces of cities and towns, is regulated by local rules for the maintenance, protection and use of such plantations (improvement rules or regulations on the rules for cutting down green spaces).
Thus, in order to find out whether it is possible to cut down trees exactly in your area without a permit (felling ticket), you need to familiarize yourself with the local administration of your village (urban district, etc.), as well as with the board of your SNT (ONT) with the relevant rules improvement or rules for cutting down green spaces.
The law states that management in the field of environmental protection is carried out by local authorities in accordance with Federal Law 131-FZ, other federal laws and other regulatory legal acts of the Russian Federation, laws and other regulatory legal acts of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation, charters of municipalities and regulatory legal local government acts.
Local self-government bodies are responsible for ensuring a favorable environment and ecological safety in the respective territories (paragraph six of Article 3 of the said federal law).
As we have already found out, the issues of local importance of municipalities include the approval of the rules for the improvement of the territory of the village or city, the control over their observance, the organization of improvement.
Many believe that the rights of a landowner to unquestioningly dispose of a land plot (including cutting down trees) are clearly spelled out in the Land Code. However, this is not quite true. It should be noted that the issues of land use in accordance with the designated purpose for them, the definition of their legal regime, the choice of the type of permitted use and its definition of the norms of the Land Code do not regulate.
At the same time, by virtue of Article 3 of the Land Code of the Russian Federation, land legislation regulates relations on the use and protection of land in the Russian Federation, but environmental protection legislation is applied to relations on environmental protection (and not the Land Code, with one exception, but about this below), special federal laws, and the norms of this branch of legislation apply to land relations if these relations are not regulated by land legislation.
By the way, property relations on the ownership, use and disposal of land plots, as well as on transactions with them, are regulated by civil law, unless otherwise provided, in particular, by the legislation on environmental protection, special federal laws.
According to the legal position of the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation, set out in the definition of September 30, 2010 N 1261-О-О, the issuance of felling tickets as an integral part of the process of organizing the improvement and landscaping of territories belongs to the powers of local government bodies on local issues.
A felling ticket is a special permit issued in accordance with the established procedure on a special form, on the basis of which it is allowed to cut down trees and bushes. In different regions, the procedure for obtaining a felling ticket is different, as it is regulated by local regulations.
When you can cut a tree without permission
As mentioned above, as a rule, most of the local improvement (landscaping) rules and SNT (ONT) charters allow an independent cut by the owner (or the lessee with the consent of the owner) of a plot of fruit trees and shrubs. But there is another loophole in the law, which, if desired, can be used with caution.
According to clause 3, part 1 of Art. 40 of the Land Code of the Russian Federation, the owner of the land plot has the right to carry out, in accordance with the permitted use of the plot, irrigation, drainage, agroforestry, cultural and technical and other reclamation works, build ponds (including those formed by water retaining structures on watercourses) and other water bodies in accordance with established legislation environmental, construction, sanitary and hygienic and other special requirements.
If a growing tree interferes with your crops, and your land plot, according to the extract from the USRN (Unified State Register of Real Estate), refers to agricultural land and the permitted use involves agricultural work, then you have the right to cut down a tree that prevents you from growing a crop, because such work is on sawing will not mean illegal sawing, but only the clearing of land from trees and shrubs, which is quite related to cultural and technical work and does not require a felling ticket.
Therefore, in our opinion, in these specific cases, you have the right to cut down or cut down a tree without asking permission from either the board of your gardening association, gardening association, or the local administration, if you think that the tree you are planning to cut falls under cultural and technical work. Accordingly, you will not have to pay for obtaining a felling ticket either.
However, it is still better, as noted above, to first familiarize yourself with the improvement rules of your municipality and the rules of your SNT in advance, in order to avoid unnecessary conflicts with the local authorities.
Obtaining permission for felling on the example of Moscow
In different constituent entities of the country and municipalities, the procedure for obtaining a permit for felling is different. For example, in Moscow, the procedure for cutting down green spaces, as well as the forms of felling tickets are established by regulatory legal acts of the city of Moscow (Art. 3 of the Law of the City of Moscow dated 05.05.1999 N 17).
On the territory of the city of Moscow, trees and shrubs are cut down only on the basis of a special permit (felling ticket) issued on a form with a degree of protection, in the manner established by the Moscow Government (Article 3 of the Law of the City of Moscow dated 05.05.1999 N 17 “On protection green spaces “).
The issuance of permits for the right to cut down green spaces is included in the List of standard state and municipal services provided by the executive bodies of state power of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation, state institutions of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation and municipal institutions, as well as local authorities, approved by the order of the Government of the Russian Federation of September 18, 2019 N 2113-r (p. 197).
Based on clause 8.1.1 of the Rules for the creation, maintenance and protection of green spaces and natural communities of the city of Moscow, approved. By the Decree of the Government of Moscow of 10.09.2002 N 743-PP, the issuance of felling tickets is carried out by the Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Protection of the city (except for the issuance of felling tickets during the liquidation of emergency and other emergencies, including on underground utilities and capital engineering structures).
According to clauses 22.214.171.124, 2.5.1 of the Administrative Regulations for the provision of public services “Issuance of a felling ticket for sanitary felling and reconstruction of green spaces and closing a felling ticket” in the city of Moscow, approved. By the Decree of the Moscow Government dated May 26, 2016 N 290-PP (hereinafter referred to as the Regulations for obtaining a felling ticket), the right holders of the land plot (balance holders of the territory) (legal entities and individuals, including those registered as individual entrepreneurs ).
To obtain a felling ticket in Moscow, you must submit the following documents:
- request (application) for the provision of public services.
- an identity document of the applicant;
- documents confirming the existence of property rights to the land plot or a document confirming the right to use the land plot;
- a counting list of green spaces subject to felling and (or) pruning, certified by the signature and seal of the rightholder of the territory, in the form established by the Decree of the Moscow Government dated 04.10.2005 N 770-PP “On Methodological Recommendations for the preparation of dendrological plans and counting lists”;
- a plan of the territory with an exact indication of the location of the cut down and to be cut off green spaces (trees and shrubs), certified by the signature and seal of the rightholder of the territory, on a scale of 1: 500;
- a plan of the territory on a scale of M 1: 500 with an exact indication of the places of planting trees and shrubs with an assortment list of planted green spaces (if trees and shrubs are planted instead of cut down);
- a document confirming the consent of the rightholder of the land plot to carry out work in the event there are two or more rightholders of the land plot
- According to clause 126.96.36.199 of the Regulations for obtaining a felling ticket, the total period for issuing a felling permit cannot exceed 28 working days.
On the basis of clauses 188.8.131.52, 184.108.40.206, 220.127.116.11 of the Regulations for obtaining a felling ticket, the result of the provision of a public service (in the absence of grounds for refusing to provide it) is a felling ticket for sanitary felling and reconstruction of green spaces, which is issued to the applicant ( representative of the applicant) in person in the form of a document on paper, regardless of the application form.
The provision of public services is free of charge (clause 2.12 of the Regulations for obtaining a felling ticket).
What the law says about the authority to cut trees
Let’s get a look. According to paragraph 3 of Article 261 and paragraph 3 of Article 209 of the Civil Code of the Russian Federation, the possession, use and disposal of land and other natural resources, to the extent that their circulation is permitted by law (Article 129), are carried out by their owner freely, if this does not harm the environment. environment and does not violate the rights and legitimate interests of others. This means that unauthorized cutting of trees on your site is interpreted by the local administration as damage to the environment.
Thus, the right to dispose of property belonging to the right of ownership (including trees) is not absolute and is made dependent on the task of preserving nature and the environment, as well as ensuring the constitutional rights of citizens to a favorable environment, maintaining the quality of the environment favorable to health. people and the functioning of ecological systems. Which trite means that certain types of trees (with the exception of fruit trees and shrubs) cannot be cut down without permission on your land, even if you once planted them yourself, since, according to the legislator, this causes certain harm to nature.
According to Article 16 of the Federal Law of 10.01.2002 N 7-ФЗ “On Environmental Protection”, any negative impact on the environment is paid. For failure to comply with certain norms (including felling), you can receive not only a fine or a claim for compensation for harm, but also fall under administrative or criminal punishment (Chapter 16 of this law). There is no need to be scared right away, but for a large volume of illegal felling of trees, not only large administrative fines are provided, but also criminal liability. Of course, no one is prosecuted for one or two sawed down trees on their site.
With this, it seems clear. But why is it the local self-government bodies that issue permits for felling? Here’s what the law says about this.
Is it possible to cut a tree in the courtyard of an apartment building without permission
If a tree that is dead or just interfering with you grows in the yard or outside the window of your apartment (for example, it can block the light of the sun for you), you cannot just cut it down on your own or by hiring some workers. A fine is provided for unauthorized sawing of trees in the courtyard of a residential apartment building. In addition, with an independent sawing of a tree, it can fall on someone’s car or an accidental passer-by, then the responsibility will be much tougher.
In a written statement addressed to the head of this organization, it is necessary to indicate the need to remove the tree: it obscures the sunlight, which contributes to the appearance of dampness in the apartment, or the tree is closer than 5 meters from the wall of the house (which is not allowed according to SNiP), or if the tree is emergency ( e.g. after a hurricane) and may fall.
If the management company agrees with your application, it applies to the local Administration, where it is issued a permit for cutting. a felling ticket, which will indicate the number of trees that need to be cut down, their type and size of the trunk, height, reasons for cutting down.
If your service organization refuses to grant your application for cutting a tree, write to the local Administration addressed to the Head or Head of the city.
Thus, the cutting of trees on your site is regulated by local norms of cities and towns. In some cases, for example when cutting down shrubs and fruit trees, it is not necessary to obtain a felling permit. It is always better to familiarize yourself in advance with the improvement rules in force in your area, which regulate the procedure for cutting trees and other green spaces by land owners and in common areas (for example, in SNT).
If permission for felling in your particular case is not required, then after contacting the local administration you will be given a written answer about this, which in case of claims. for example, neighbors or a district police officer, will serve as confirmation of the competence of your actions to cut down trees in your area.
If a felling ticket is needed in your case, the local administration will give you a list of documents that you need to collect in order to obtain a permit. As a rule, the issuance of a felling ticket is a paid service, but not in all cities and towns, so check the issue of payment on the spot, at the administration of the settlement at the location of your site.
How to properly cut a tree with a chainsaw: safety rules when felling trees
Felling trees with an ax and a regular saw is a thing of the past; most owners of private houses and summer residents today acquire chainsaws. It is necessary to have a chainsaw. if there are no old trees for felling on the site, you periodically need to cut branches, and in case of force majeure, it often happens that a large tree falls or splits. here you really need to know how to properly cut a tree with a chainsaw.
A similar situation can occur both in the forest, where you will go on vacation, and in the country. If you notice that the tree is in disrepair and its fall threatens property damage, you should not pull with the felling
Many do not think about safety, but several important rules, in order to avoid dangerous situations, need to be learned.
Chainsaw safety precautions
Yes, there are special rules:
- Use appropriate footwear and clothing: non-slip footwear, goggles, gloves, heavy clothing. Earplugs help reduce noise.
- Check if the chain is well sharpened and tensioned. The tension is good if the guide teeth stay in the groove as you pull the chain off the top of the bar. When filling with oil, it is advisable to always check that the chain is well tensioned.
- Do not work in windy conditions.
How to cut a tree with a chainsaw without harming nearby objects? Try to plan the trajectory of the fall, having previously studied the territory and the tree itself that you are going to cut down. If it is dry, large dead branches, twigs may fall off, so they can be cut down beforehand, and here you need to be careful.
You must leave the work area without hindrance. If there are other trees nearby, try to work so that the sawn branches do not get stuck in their branches, this can lead to an accident, and then it is not easy to get them out. The cut tree you will need to then process and take out or remove from the site. Choose a direction for felling so that you can easily cut and remove the tree later.
how to safely notch and cut down a tree
Harvesting is an important step after felling a tree. Choose a place for the fall of the tree where it will be convenient to cut it into pieces, and then remove it from the site or load it onto a machine
The order of work when carrying out tree felling
Undercutting takes place in several stages. The first (upper) undercut is made at a quarter of the trunk diameter, at an angle of 45 °, you need to approach the tree from the side of the fall. Then an undercut is made from the bottom. It is done horizontally to the level where both undercuts are connected. After making two notches, you should have a 45 ° angle cut into the trunk. Do not cut the tree completely, otherwise it will be impossible to guess in which direction its trunk will fall.
The felling cut is now in use. Before starting work, make sure that there are no people, pets or objects that can be damaged in the fall area. The felling cut is made on the side that is opposite to the intended direction of the fall of the trunk, it should be located at a distance of five centimeters from the bottom notch, parallel to it.
When felling cut, leave a hinge. 1/10 of the total diameter of the tree trunk. This is important as it provides the correct trajectory for its fall. If you do not make this cut, or make it less than the specified size, the trajectory of the tree falling will become unpredictable.
Slowly lower the saw into the trunk. To prevent the tire from getting stuck in the trunk, insert a wedge into the felling cut before the tree starts to fall. The wedge should be made of plastic or wood, the metal wedge can damage the chain. Engine speed during saw operation. maximum.
As you work, pay close attention to where the barrel is going. So you can take timely action if you feel that the fall has gone in the wrong direction.
The arrows indicate the cuts: 1. upper, 2. lower, 3. felling. The unfinished part of the tree is a hinge to prevent falling in an unwanted direction
Two options for the notch: in the first case, a double right angle was cut, it is more difficult to make it, but the tree is guaranteed to fall in the direction you planned, in the second case, the most common option of the notch, described above, is performed
When the trunk begins to fall, quickly remove the saw from the cut, turn off the engine and leave the work area. Perform all actions quickly, delay can be dangerous.
Advice. It is more convenient to cut a tree in the direction of curvature, the greatest development of branches and branches, if the trunk is flattened. in the direction of a smaller diameter.
The video below demonstrates an example of work. fast felling of a tree, where a minimum of time is spent on performing the necessary undercuts:
That’s all, we looked at how to properly fell trees with a chainsaw. if you follow the above rules, you can easily knock down the tree you want. And the main thing here is to be attentive and focused. Before the first felling, you can practice on a small dry tree, if you have one on your site, or look for one in a nearby planting.
How to use a saw correctly?
Immediately, we note that the technique of felling large and small trees is different, and it is difficult not to notice it. The easiest way, as you might guess, is the case with “small things”. Therefore, we will start with her. So, what do you need to do to see a sawn tree at your feet??
First, you need to make a neat cut with a saw in the direction where the trunk is tilted (at least a slight tilt is almost always there). If the tree is perfectly straight, then the cut is made in the direction you plan to dump it. Don’t be zealous! The saw should be done at 50% of the trunk diameter, and not strive to immediately brush off the tree with one “light movement”. If you are using a saw, be sure to let the tool cool down from time to time.
How to cut a tree correctly: instructions, recommendations. Penalty for a sawn tree.
Everyone who lived in a rural area or has a dacha outside the city perfectly understands the entire laboriousness of the work that has to be done every day. Each tree cut down means many thousands of calories spent, and often nerves. who knows where it will fall? Fortunately, there are many effective recommendations that make this process easier and safer.
Do not work with reduced mains voltage! In conditions of increased voltage, protection will work, but when its value decreases, the saw will work, catastrophically overheating. By the way, saws are devices that are not designed for long-term use. After a few minutes of work, be sure to pause to allow the saw to cool down.
Completion of work
Gently file the trunk on the other side, “grabbing” that moment, until it starts to fall. After that, quickly move away from the place where the top of the tree you cut down should fall. If the tree is very small, then it will be easiest to first saw it off at the level of your shoulder, and only then carefully cut the wood piece by piece. Everything, in general.
How to properly cut an already felled tree trunk?
Sawing should be started from the most distant branches. Small branches can be chopped off with an ax, or simply cut with a saw. But large pieces are first sawed off from above, and then cut from below. This should be done so that the sawn wood does not tightly clamp the tire of your saw. The same goes for the biggest bitches.
We think it would be useful to remind you. when working, try to put blocks of wood under the tree trunk being sawn so that the tool chain does not touch the ground during operation. Otherwise, it will become dull very quickly, and in especially severe cases it can tear at all, touching and crippling an unlucky lumberjack. So we figured out the “trifle”.
Now let’s talk about “mastodons”: how to cut a tree correctly? The technology for felling large trunks is distinguished by some nuances that are of great importance. Carefully follow the sequence of work described by us, as the consequences of not performing them can be severe.
We bring down big trees
Remember what we said about the importance of choosing a stall direction? If you need to cut down a tree of “monumental” size, then these rules become even more relevant. In the case when a small branch falls on your head, or on the roof of your house, then there is nothing wrong with that. But in the case when a huge and old poplar collapses on the same surfaces, then nothing good will definitely happen.
After that, go to the opposite side of the tree and make another horizontal cut exactly opposite the first. In this case, it is extremely important to make sure that it does not reach the first by about 10% of the total thickness of the trunk. Finished?
And now insert a wedge (or a special expander for felling) into the resulting saw cut. Pounding on it with a sledgehammer or the butt of an ax, we “finish off” the tree, initiating the beginning of its fall. There is also an easier method of felling, which is used by experienced lumberjacks: the tree is cut through (this requires a long tire and a powerful saw), and then the tool begins to advance in the direction that the trunk needs to be dumped. It will turn out to be a half-cut. A wedge is inserted into it in the same way, and the operation that we have already described above is repeated.
Saw safety rules
Is it possible to cut trees using an electric tool? Not everyone likes to work with gasoline saws, which make a lot of noise and smoke. saws when felling trees are no worse than their “liquid fuel” counterparts, but when working with them at this moment it is extremely important to observe at least basic safety rules!
Please note that only sufficiently thick oil can be used for electric saws. Spindle and transformer oils are not suitable for these purposes at all! Do you think these are small things? Unfortunately no. Suppose you decide to cut down a tree: where to turn if a broken chain “snaps” a decent piece from your leg? So spare no lubrication!
Where will the tip fall?
First, take an ax in your outstretched hand and stand next to the tree. Go in the direction where you are going to bring down the “baobab” until its silhouette is visually equal in size to the ax. Fix this moment and look under your feet. you are just standing at the very place where the sawn tree will fall (more precisely, its top). If you didn’t come across a neighbor’s fence or house along the way, then everything is in order, and you can get to work. In the event that something like a power line will inevitably meet on the path of the falling tree, you better immediately change the direction of the tree felling.
How to cut a tree correctly
If there are trees planted long ago on your garden plot, then sooner or later there will be a need to remove it. This can be dictated not only by the great age and significant size of the crown, which shades large areas of the garden, but also by the neglected processes of decay, as a result of which the trunk becomes weak and the tree can collapse, damaging nearby buildings or injuring people.
Sometimes they also resort to removal in the case when the fruit tree has not yielded a crop for several years. However, not everyone knows how to cut a tall tree with a spreading top, and besides, it is not so simple. And to do it safely, you need to have theoretical knowledge and practical experience.
A special place in the process of removing a tree is occupied by its preparation for cutting. First you need to decide on the danger zone. This is the place where a cut tree or part of it can fall.
The diameter of the danger zone is determined based on the height of the tree and taking into account the possibility of branches scattering. from impact when falling, some branches can break and fly off a very decent distance, especially when it comes to dried trees. Therefore, the size of the danger zone is taken equal to double the height of the tree. All objects must be removed from this area and, of course, people must be removed.
If the space of the site is limited and the safe fall of the sawn tree is possible only in one specific direction, then care must be taken to ensure that the tree falls exactly as it should. In this case, it is necessary to work together. one person will be engaged directly in cutting, and the second will control the direction of the fall. To do this, the tree trunk must be tied with a rope at the highest possible height.
The rope should be strong and at least twice the height of the tree. When the cutting comes to an end, you need to pull the rope in the right direction. You need to be especially careful in windy weather, as a sudden gust of strong wind can lead to the fall of the tree ahead of time.
Another point to take care of before starting work is your own safety. Whatever the weather on the day you have set for cutting, in no case should you use clothes with open arms and legs, that is, shorts, a T-shirt, etc., otherwise you may get injured by flying off knots or chips.
Also, you should have strong, reliable shoes on your feet, gloves on your hands, and a protective headgear on your head, ideally a helmet.
The most suitable tool for this kind of work is a chainsaw. You can only use a saw or chainsaw if you have the skills to work with it. Here is a procedure explaining how to properly cut a tree with a chainsaw or a regular saw.
First, we make a “notch” on the trunk. Its depth should be equal to about 1/3 of the thickness of the trunk, and it should be done from the side into which the tree should fall. For this, a saw (ax) is used, with the help of which two cuts are made at an angle of 45 degrees to the ground. one from bottom to top, the other from top to bottom. The top cut is made first, then the bottom.
When the notch is ready, you can make the final cut. It is made on the other side of the trunk at a height just below the lowest edge of the notch. The final cut depth is calculated so that a decent distance remains to the sharp angle of the notch, which will allow the central fibers to securely hold the tree in an upright position.
At the same time, you should not rush and bring the final cut too close to the notch, excessively thinning the whole part of the trunk. The tree may collapse unexpectedly for you.
Pull the rope to make a cut 25-30 mm deep. If the tree does not fall, increase the kerf by 5 mm and pull the rope again. So, slowly but surely and without risk, you will approach the required depth and bring down the tree without any problems.!
Many trees are useful because they bear fruit, purify the air by converting carbon dioxide into oxygen, decorate the site, shade the house from direct sunlight, and serve as a natural shelter for birds and other fauna. Nevertheless, in practice it also happens that there is simply no other way out, except for cutting down an old dried tree. In this case, the simple recommendations described above help.
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Mechanical methods of uprooting a stump
The quickest and easiest way to uproot a stump is to pull it out with a tractor with a stubber. This procedure takes just a few minutes.
If this is not possible, you can remove the remnants of the tree manually. This will require a shovel, saw and crowbar. By systematically digging in the stump and cutting its roots, over time it will be possible to pull it out with a crowbar.
- How to cut trees in the root area
- How to remove the root of a tree
- How to remove old trees
The task of uprooting trees on the site must be approached consciously and, accordingly, prepared for it. Trees have their own lifespan, so sometimes it is necessary to cut them down and uproot them. In most cases, these are tall, powerful trees with wide crowns that can threaten people and buildings with falling. They can collapse from a gust of strong winds or under the weight of snow. In order to protect yourself from unpleasant consequences, such trees must be removed.
How To Cut Down A Tree
Stump as part of the interior
It is not always necessary to root the tree. Sometimes, instead of uprooting the tree, you can find another simple way. to fit the stump into the interior of the site. For example, you can make a table, bench or flower vase out of it. Unfortunately, the location of the stump does not always allow it to be left, so it becomes necessary to uproot it.
How to cut a tree correctly?
The easiest way to cut a tree is to contact a specialist. However, this possibility does not always exist. Therefore, sometimes it becomes necessary to cut down trees on your own.
No Nonsense Guide to Tree Felling. How to cut down a tree safely. FarmCraft101
This will require a saw, a strong rope, and a ladder. First, you need to cut down large branches, after which you can go directly to cutting down the post. You should find the side to which the tree is tilted, and make a cut from this side.
It will not be superfluous to drink all the branches from the side of the alleged fall of the tree. This will protect against bouncing of branches and chips during a fall.
Cut a tree piece by piece
In some cases, it is not possible to clear the area under the place of the alleged fall of the tree. For example, if there are buildings or power lines mowing nearby. In such a situation, you should cut the trunk in parts from top to bottom using a ladder or stepladder.
Whole tree saw cut
In order to cut a whole tree, you need to make two cuts: one at an angle of 45 degrees on a quarter of the tree trunk, and the other parallel to the ground. After that, you should tie a rope around the trunk as close to the top of the head as possible. Next, one person should pull the rope in the direction of the fall of the tree, and the other at this time. saw in place of the cut out chunk.
How to cut trees in the root area
Chemical methods for uprooting a stump
The root can be removed with potassium nitrate. This method is quite lengthy, but does not require much effort. At the root, it is necessary to make many holes and fill them with saltpeter. After that, the stump should be covered with cellophane and left for at least a month. After this period, the stump can be set on fire, and it will burn to ashes.
How to cut a tree piece by piece?
A small tree growing near the house. on the site, over time turned into a huge tree, which not only interferes, but can fall on the house during a storm, causing a lot of harm.
What if the tree has nowhere to fall when cutting? The answer is simple, you need to cut the tree piece by piece. The easiest way is to contact specialists, pay money and observe such work from the outside. These can be both specialized teams and employees of power grids, who very often face such a problem.
When performing work, it should be borne in mind that from below the seeming small growing branch weighs quite a lot and, accordingly, when falling, can create many problems. However, it is better to cut the tree from the bottom along the branches. It is easier to work with a simple hacksaw, but it takes a long time. But the chainsaw is not safe. In addition, the saw should be very light. But now let’s turn to the advice of experts from the “CITY OF MASTERS” forum:
AA (Moscow) 24 Oct. 2005
“I have experience in felling trees. 30 years. I’m not a professional though. True, before it was necessary to bring down only two-handed. You can’t climb a tree with her. Chainsaw currency for four years. It is both easier and more difficult for her at the same time. One side. fast, on the other. much more dangerous for the operator. My method is also based on the laws of physics. Saw the tree from below, gradually lowering the trunk vertically on the guy wires. slower but safer. I know that the pros cut from the top in parts, but this is only to speed up the process. They have time. money. We have nowhere to hurry, the main thing is to preserve life and health. Besides, my method is cheaper. All you need is 50 meters of nylon cord, which will also work on the farm. Now figure out how much a mid-range fall arrest system will cost you. About 100 American tugriks. Plus the holes, because there are not always knots, and it is not safe to rely on them. And this is another 50-70 dollars. Why all this is a person who is going to knock down a couple of trees. And in the city, mind you, tall trees in a narrow space, the pros, in general, are sawing from aerial platforms. “
desti (Moscow) Oct 25. 2005
“I called a team to cut two trees, 2 people, both former climbers. Equipment. belts, mountaineering boots with spikes (no cats, in their words it is terribly uncomfortable), durable gloves made of thick rough leather, safety ropes. First of all, they tied (5-6 rope turns around the trunk and a block) at the highest point of the tree, and let the safety rope pass. Then they climb up, the filing of the knots begins from the top. Procedure. the second rope is tied to a knot through the tied block, the knot is sawed off with a small but terribly sharp saw, at the root, no hemp. Falls to the ground. The rope is long, the tail is to the ground, if the branch stiffens, the assistant from the bottom pulls it down. ОBosch was 6,000 rubles. for 2 trees. The conditions were difficult, on the one hand a 380 volt air supply, on the other the roof of the house. And the distance is 3 meters. The trees are 14 meters high, old willow trees, 60 centimeters thick from below. “
In general, this is a rather risky business, so it’s up to you. Although it is better to leave this matter to professionals. As can be seen from the above, they also saw branches with a hand sharp saw and only at the end they resort to a chainsaw, using the entire insurance system.
Author of PBT
Cutting trees on the site: legislative clarification and fines
Reading time: 9 minutes
Usually, when buying land, there is a need to cut down a tree on your site. But for this you need to have a permit, because punishment is provided for unauthorized felling. As a result, you can get not only a serious fine, but also fall under criminal liability.
Cutting a tree. all the nuances of the procedure
Given the usefulness for people that each tall tree brings, there are situations in which it can interfere or pose a threat. Therefore, it is recommended that you familiarize yourself with the intricacies of removing green spaces on different categories of land, so as not to be brought to administrative or criminal liability.
On a neighbor’s plot
Any green spaces located on the territory of a private person belong to his property and have value like real estate. Therefore, an attempt by a gardener neighbor to cut them without permission can be regarded by the landowner as deliberate damage to property. In such a situation, he has the right to call the police to protect his real estate.
In the courtyard of an apartment building
Any adjoining territory is owned by a certain private or legal entity, or equally owned by the owners of housing in an apartment building. Because of this, the permission of the owner of the territory is required to eliminate green spaces. The peculiarity of the situation in the second case is that such a decision can only be made at a general meeting.
On your site
According to paragraph 1. of Art. 209 of the Civil Code of the Russian Federation, if a plot of land is privately owned, then he has the right to dispose of any real estate that is on it. This also includes cutting down trees. However, even at their summer cottage, citizens should comply with the Land and Forestry Code, as well as the Code of Administrative Offenses of the Russian Federation.
There is no single document in the legislation that clearly permits cutting a tree on a personal plot, even if it is emergency. In addition, there is no definition of a forest or a group of green spaces. Because of this, in some localities it is possible to remove them without any permits at all, while in others minor logging can lead to criminal liability, even if carried out on their own land.
What is a felling ticket?
The process of eliminating green spaces from a site located in a settlement is clearly regulated in accordance with federal legislation in the field of environmental management. As a result of the agreement of the tree sawing with state bodies, a document is issued. a felling ticket. It is issued as a permit allowing the removal of plantings within the boundaries of a clearly defined area.
The reasons why such a document is issued are:
- excessive growth of trees, due to which the level of lighting inside the house during the day has decreased;
- there is a risk of branches breaking and their subsequent fall on residential buildings, causing material damage;
- restoration work or reconstruction of structures located on the territory of a forest park, a boulevard or a house area;
- cleaning of green spaces along the route of the railway;
- implementation of a construction project agreed with the authorities on a specific territory.
In the woods
All trees located in forests belong to the state. Due to this, an attempt to saw or cut down such green spaces is fraught with administrative charges and, if major damage is inflicted, criminal responsibility. If the land is owned by a legal entity or an individual, then all vegetation is private property and is also protected by law. For her saw cut, without the consent of the owner, also faces liability. Additionally, it is required to obtain a permit from the forestry, as well as from the department for the protection of natural resources.