How To Properly Saw With A Jigsaw

What is a jigsaw for?

Most often, an electric jigsaw is used to make wood products. This tool has found wide application in the furniture industry, where elements and parts of various shapes are made with its help.

If, when working with an electric jigsaw, you choose the right consumable and cutting mode, then you can:

  • Make straight and curved cuts;
  • Saw circles without damaging the sheet;
  • Cut thin metal;
  • To produce wood products up to 10 cm thick (the Dnipro-M LE-110R electric jigsaw model cuts 11 cm bars);
  • Cutting plastic;
  • Saw ceramic and porcelain tiles.

Whether a power tool will be able to work with this or that material will depend on the power and type of the tool (household, semi-professional, professional). Not all electric jigsaws have additional functions, such as an angled cut or the ability to connect additional elements and tools. To find the right tool, read the article How to choose a jigsaw.

In this case, you also need to select the correct saw blades. The pitch of the teeth, their length, material are taken into account.

How to cut ceramic tiles with a jigsaw

Ceramic tiles are one of the most difficult building materials, as they combine hardness and fragility. It is necessary to work with it with a special blade, which allows you to get an even cut without chips.

Cut ceramic tiles with a jigsaw only evenly. Edging and curly cutting will not give a good result, as the tile will begin to break.

You need to cut the tiles with a jigsaw very carefully. This is done in one smooth movement. No stops should be allowed. The pendulum movement of the canvas is turned off.

How To Properly Saw With A Jigsaw

How to cut metal with a jigsaw

An electric jigsaw can serve as an alternative to an angle grinder in cases where you need to work with profiles, pipes, sheet metal. It is this material that gives the highest load on tools and files. Be prepared to take breaks and change consumables frequently.

The maximum thickness of metal that household and semi-professional jigsaws can work with is 10 mm.

Before cutting metal with a jigsaw, you need to select special saw blades.

Dnipro-M T 118 A metal saw blade set are made of solid steel and are perfect for straight cuts. Use the pendulum function to reduce wear and prevent melting of the working part.

How to cut sheet materials straight

The main purpose of the jigsaw is to get an even cut. The easiest way to make it.

The first step is to make the markup, which will serve as a guide when working. If the edge of the workpiece is straight and you just need to make it smaller, use a rip fence. It is a T-shaped device that attaches to the sole of an electric jigsaw.

To reduce the wear of the file, the pendulum stroke is switched on. Move the jigsaw slowly, without jerking. Moving too fast or jerking will adversely affect the mowing line of the cut and require additional treatment (e.G. Sanding).

How to cut plastic

Soft artificial materials such as plastic, plexiglass, polystyrene are perfectly cut with an electric jigsaw. In terms of their properties, they are very close to wood, and therefore the same consumables are used for sawing. The only remark: they cut plastic at low speeds, since at a high speed of movement of the blade, the edges can melt.

Getting started: how to turn on the jigsaw and start sawing

  • Working with an electric jigsaw begins with a visual inspection. The tool and power cable must not be visibly damaged.
  • Next, the saw blade is installed (always remove it before storing).
  • Before starting work with a jigsaw, adjustment is carried out. First of all, the frequency of movement of the file is selected suitable for the material. If you want to make an edge cut, you need to set the cutting angle. On the Dnipro-M electric jigsaws, this is easy thanks to the inclined sole. If the task allows, the pendulum stroke is switched on, and the amplitude of movement of the canvas is selected.
  • If necessary, install a parallel stop or compass to make holes in the workpiece.
  • If a lot of dust is generated during operation, connect a vacuum cleaner.

We pick up a hacksaw

Laminate hacksaw, of course, sawn, but it is not very suitable for such work. After all, the teeth of a hacksaw, designed for woodworking, are intimidatingly large, and the top film of the floor covering is so thin. That and look, ugly marks will remain from these teeth. And it’s hard to cut the pressed laminate structure with a hacksaw. Hands get tired.

To get a better result, arm yourself with a fine-toothed hacksaw. For example, a hacksaw designed for sawing metal may well work. Chips on the cut can be avoided, but sawing with a fine-toothed hacksaw will be more difficult than a tool for woodworking. However, if you do not intend to cut the laminate in large quantities, then this method is fine. The cut quality, of course, is not perfect, but quite tolerable.

And here are the promised little tricks: before you cut, stick a piece of masking tape on this place. If you do this, then no chips are formed at the cut site. over, the laminate board must be laid face up. And in order for the cut to be smooth and clean, the hacksaw must have fine, frequent teeth.

Since the laminate is pressed using special mechanisms, then, naturally, it is better to saw it not by hand, but with an electric tool.

For example, an electric hawk is quite suitable for this, (a reciprocating saw), which is increasingly used by home craftsmen.

How and with what to cut the laminate. The choice of tools and the nuances of sawing laminated coatings

Laminate flooring has come to the liking of many, this inexpensive floor material is very practical and beautiful. But not everyone succeeds in carefully sawing off even pieces from it. And you will have to cut, and more than once at the end of each row, at least. So how and how to cut the laminate so that the cut line is pleasing to the eye. Consider the methods and tools that can be used to cut the laminate.

. How to saw with an electric jigsaw without chips

Circular saw requires experience

You can also cut the laminate with a circular saw, equipping it with a disc for metal work. At the same time, we put the board prepared for cutting and marked out on some flat plane. The laminated film should not be at the bottom, as with a jigsaw, but at the top. Slowly and smoothly moving the circular disc along the mowing line of the cut, we get an even and high-quality cutting surface. The disc does not get stuck in the laminate during operation.

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But for those who have never taken such an instrument in their hands, it will be difficult for habit. It takes a lot of effort and effort to achieve the desired result. Having acquired the skill over time, it will be possible to saw the laminate very quickly and efficiently. But this process requires patience.

If you have not previously sawed other materials with this tool, then it is better to give preference to a jigsaw.

We arm ourselves with an electric jigsaw

It is good if you have a jigsaw at home equipped with a file for wooden surfaces.

Using this tool is the best option.

Before sawing, mark the cut line with a pencil, and then cut through the film of the laminated coating with a knife or an awl. Now clamp the board tightly (face down).

The rotational speed of the power tool must be high. You should try to cut smoothly enough, without jerking the jigsaw, so as not to chip. Having got used to it, it is possible to quickly and accurately saw laminate boards. over, an excellent result is obtained when sawing both along and across the board. It seems that the answer to the question, the better to cut the laminate, is clear. Of course a jigsaw.

A cutter specially designed for cutting laminates

This cutter is a bit like a guillotine. The sharpest knife falling from above instantly cuts the laminate like butter. The cut line is perfect and as accurate as possible. But this tool can only cut across the boards. And if you need to saw the floorboard lengthwise, then again turn to one of the methods described above.

In addition, such a cutter is very expensive, so buying it can only be beneficial to professionals who are engaged in laying laminate flooring on an ongoing basis. If you just want to change the floor in a couple of rooms in your apartment, then you probably shouldn’t make such a purchase.

Important: with any method, it is better to measure several times, and only cut later. As a rule, they buy a little more laminate than it was calculated. It is taken into account that you will have to cut some boards, and then dock them correctly.

How to cut with a jigsaw correctly and evenly?

Many people ask: how to cut with a jigsaw exactly? A similar question arises for almost everyone who did not have the skills to work with such a tool before. A few useful secrets will help you master the jigsaw and learn how to cut any material evenly.

Jigsaw device diagram.

What you need to know about working with a jigsaw?

Using a jigsaw, you can cut materials such as wood, tiles, metal and even plastic. This tool is a conventional electric saw. The device can have an ordinary vertical or pendulum stroke, in which the jigsaw moves slightly forward when raised, thereby increasing the speed of work. A jigsaw in the household is simply irreplaceable, especially for those who like to craft with their own hands. Before you start sawing with a jigsaw, you need to familiarize yourself with the technology and prepare the workplace. The table on which the sawing will take place should not wobble, it should be stable, not move when pressed.

Diagram of cutting a circle with a jigsaw.

In order to cut an evenly wide surface, it is necessary to use a special carpenter’s table, which is attached to the main table with clamps. In this case, cutting is much easier, since the tool remains in place, and the material being cut moves towards it.

To make the cut on a wooden surface even, it is performed from the back (necessarily across the fibers).

If you still need to cut wood along the grain, then use a special parallel stop, which is attached with one side to the tool, the other to the surface to be sawn. Do not overheat the tool, take breaks from work, otherwise the life of the jigsaw will be short. For the same reason, do not press down hard on the tool, as this will cause overheating.

Types of saws for jigsaw.

When working with tiles or metal, machine oil is used to lubricate the saw blade. When cutting metal, the cutting line is cooled with cold water. Do not neglect personal protective equipment, use glasses and rubber gloves. You need to cut the plastic with a jigsaw from the back side, then the cut will be even. In order to make the cut more accurate, it is necessary to use a special plate that is attached to the base of the jigsaw. Thanks to such a device, the saw blade will move more smoothly over the surface, which will ensure a smooth cut on any surface. If you need to make curly mowing lines, then use thin saws. To cut a round hole, use a special circular cutter.

How to make a high precision cut?

  • Jigsaw;
  • Wood;
  • Clamps;
  • Guides;
  • Ruler and pencil.

Jigsaw attachments.

In order to make a high-precision cut, it is not enough to know how to saw correctly with a jigsaw. In addition, you need to secure the material to be cut well, and when working with a long blade, use a guide in the form of a flat bar. Prepare 2 clamps to fit the board to be cut and the guide.

The first step is to mark the board, measure the required distance on both sides with a ruler, make notes, then connect them in such a way that you get a cut line. If you need to make a curved cut, then draw it first on paper, then transfer it with a carbon copy to the wood. In order to transfer the drawing exactly, it is necessary to sand the surface before starting work.

Next, the board is laid on the work surface, it is well fixed along the edges of the table, and then clamps are placed in front of the table. A guide is laid on the board, departing from the cutting line of the cut a distance equal to the width of the tool.

With the help of clamps, clamp the board with the guide located on it, the fastening must be strong, but not too strong.

After the board is secured, you can start cutting. A special wide saw for cutting wood is installed on the jigsaw, the tool is set at maximum speed. The tool overheats at minimum speed, so it is best not to use it. The pendulum stroke regulator must be set to number 1. Next, the sawing begins, pressing down the edge of the platform and the guide.

In order to make a circle, you need to drill a hole in the center, insert a tool blade into it, make cuts from the middle to the beginning of the marking, then cut out the circle. If you need to make a square or rectangle, then first cut out one side, reaching the corner, go around it with a smooth line, then the turn of the second side comes, etc. The corners are drawn up last. By following these recommendations, you can do the jigsaw work yourself.

On the topic "How to cut laminate"

Next, the board is laid on the work surface, it is well fixed along the edges of the table, and then clamps are placed in front of the table. A guide is laid on the board, departing from the cutting line of the cut a distance equal to the width of the tool.

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With the help of clamps, clamp the board with the guide located on it, the fastening must be strong, but not too strong.

After the board is secured, you can start cutting. A special wide saw for cutting wood is installed on the jigsaw, the tool is set at maximum speed. The tool overheats at minimum speed, so it is best not to use it. The pendulum stroke regulator must be set to number 1. Next, the sawing begins, pressing down the edge of the platform and the guide.

How to make a high precision cut?

  • Jigsaw;
  • Wood;
  • Clamps;
  • Guides;
  • Ruler and pencil.

Jigsaw attachments.

On the topic "How to saw with an electric jigsaw without chips"

Jigsaw device diagram.

On the topic "Guide for jigsaw"

In order to make a high-precision cut, it is not enough to know how to saw correctly with a jigsaw. In addition, it is necessary to secure the material to be cut well, and when working with a long blade. Use a straight rail. Prepare 2 clamps to fit the board to be cut and the guide.

The first step is to mark the board, measure the required distance on both sides with a ruler, make notes, then connect them in such a way that you get a cut line. If you need to make a curved cut, then draw it first on paper, then transfer it with a carbon copy to the wood. In order to transfer the drawing exactly, it is necessary to sand the surface before starting work.

How to cut with a jigsaw correctly and evenly?

Many people ask: how to cut with a jigsaw exactly? A similar question arises for almost everyone who did not have the skills to work with such a tool before. A few useful secrets will help you master the jigsaw and learn how to cut any material evenly.

Diagram of cutting a circle with a jigsaw.

In order to cut an evenly wide surface, it is necessary to use a special carpenter’s table, which is attached to the main table with clamps. In this case, cutting is much easier, since the tool remains in place, and the material being cut moves towards it.

To make the cut on a wooden surface even, it is performed from the back (necessarily across the fibers).

If, nevertheless, you need to cut wood along the grain, then use a special parallel stop, which is attached on one side to the tool, on the other. To the surface to be sawn. Do not overheat the tool, take breaks from work, otherwise the life of the jigsaw will be short. For the same reason, do not press down hard on the tool, as this will cause overheating.

Types of saws for jigsaw.

When working with tiles or metal, machine oil is used to lubricate the saw blade. When cutting metal, the cutting line is cooled with cold water. Do not neglect personal protective equipment, use glasses and rubber gloves. You need to cut the plastic with a jigsaw from the back side, then the cut will be even. In order to make the cut more accurate, it is necessary to use a special plate that is attached to the base of the jigsaw. Thanks to such a device, the saw blade will move more smoothly over the surface, which will ensure a smooth cut on any surface. If you need to make curly mowing lines, then use thin saws. To cut a round hole, use a special circular cutter.

How to saw with a jigsaw correctly

A jigsaw is essentially an electrically powered saw that cuts sheet material using the reciprocating motion of the blade. The tool allows you to cut almost any material, namely metal, wood, plastic, ceramics, and even stone. The cutting blade is capable of plunge cuts, straight cuts, curved cuts, as well as cutting circles. In the article, we will analyze how to saw with a jigsaw correctly, to ensure that the cut matches the given markings.

The jigsaw can have a normal and pendulum motion. In normal travel, the blade moves vertically, cutting through the material on its way up. The tool, which has a pendulum stroke, additionally, when moving up, feeds the blade forward. This achieves a higher working speed, and also reduces blade wear due to the deflection of the saw in the opposite direction when moving down. A reasonable question arises about how to saw with a jigsaw with a pendulum motion? The work is carried out in the same way, but it is taken into account that with the maximum deviation of the saw, it is best to cut soft wood and plastic. When cutting chipboard, MDF, soft metal, thick wood, it is necessary to reduce the range of motion of the blade. This mode is not recommended for use at all when working with steel sheets.

How to saw with a jigsaw in a curve

To cut a round hole, you need to drill an initial hole in the workpiece, into which the file is then inserted. After that, a cut is made at the mark. If a rectangular or square hole is to be cut, then the cutting is done in a straight line of the mowing line to each of the edges, after which the blade is slightly retracted and guided along the curve of the mowing line to the next side. This will cut all four sides. After removing the cut area, the remaining triangular parts are cut out.

If it is not possible to make an initial hole in the workpiece, plunge sawing can be used. To do this, the working jigsaw is tilted forward until the file reaches the workpiece. Gradually the file will make a through hole in the workpiece. The plunging point of the saw should be located in the cut-off part of the workpiece.

The jigsaw is able to cut bevels, as a result of which the edge of the resulting product will have an even cut in one direction. For such a cut, it is necessary to change the installation angle of the jigsaw ski, and then cut.

How to saw in a straight line with a jigsaw

How to cut smoothly with a jigsaw? This is the easiest way. It is enough to fix the guide on the jigsaw, and then bring it over the edge of the workpiece. The file will now move evenly relative to the edge. If the edge of the workpiece is curved, cutting is performed according to the preliminary marking applied to the workpiece.

If a thin wooden sheet is cut, then there is a high probability of chips appearing on the front of the product, since the file cuts the material when moving up. To prevent this phenomenon, it is recommended to place the workpiece face down or use anti-splinter liners.

How to cut a circle in plywood: selection of tools, curly cutting technology with a jigsaw, milling cutter and improvised means

Plywood (and to a lesser extent other sheet materials such as chipboard or oriented strand board) has significant decorative potential.

With a fairly simple tool and certain skills, you can cut out almost anything from plywood.

But in order for the details obtained as a result of such a thread to look presentable enough, the master should have a few tricks in stock. It is about them that we will talk in our article.

Curvilinear cutting is difficult only at first glance

Round the corners of furniture

Hitting a sharp corner of the table can even cause injury. Therefore, we recommend cutting corners where possible. For homemade furniture, they must be rounded from the very beginning.

Cutting out circles and curves of the mowing line is no more difficult than making a completely straight cut on the workpiece, but on one condition: you have the right tool in your hands and you are good at it.

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Which fits the template

You can make a circle on the workpiece not only with a compass. Any item of similar shape will do for this purpose. This can be a saucepan, plate, cup, or bowl.

However, when starting work related to the repair of furniture or some piece of furniture, calculate in advance the need for details of rounded contours or with round holes.

It may be enough to make only minor design changes.

How to draw ellipses

The ellipse shape is quite complex, but to draw it on paper, you only need two buttons, a piece of rope and a sharpened pencil.

Fasten two buttons on the surface of the workpiece at some distance from each other. Take a piece of rope, knot both ends of it, and hook the rope around the button heads. Now draw with a pencil the line that the stretched rope allows you to describe. You can change the shape of the ellipse at your discretion.

The shape of the ellipse can be larger or smaller, thicker or narrower, depending on the distance between the buttons and the length of the rope.

Instead of a compass

A school compass can also be useful in a home workshop, but its radius of action is small. And if you need to draw a circle of large diameter?

The easy way to do this is with a rope, nail, and pencil. The nail is carefully driven into the workpiece, the rope is fixed on it with one end, and a pin is fixed at the other end.

The length of the rope determines the radius of the circle to be traced. The only condition for the entire path of the pencil is the rope must be tight.

Then the distance from the center (nail) to the circle in all marking areas will be the same.

A strip of cardboard or slats

An equally simple, but more reliable way to use a strip of cardboard or, even better, a wooden plank instead of a rope.

In this strip (strip), drill two holes, one smaller for a nail, the other larger for a pencil. The distance between their tips should match the radius of the desired circle.

It remains only to install a nail in the right place and turn the bar around the axis.

Two sharpened nails and a wooden plank or a strip of thick cardboard can replace the compass.

Additional accessories

The jigsaw with an electric drive is a hand tool, however, if necessary, it can be fixed with a stop bar and a parallel stop.

Sometimes you need to saw off a part covered with a layer of paint or varnish, and I really don’t want to scratch it. For this case, a plastic shoe or self-adhesive felt is provided.

In addition to files, the tool can be equipped with rasp and grinding attachments. Thanks to the first, the corners are rounded, and with the help of the second they clean the finished product.

Some models use a pendulum mechanism, which speeds up the sawing process. This function is good for making rough cuts, as the quality and accuracy of the cut line is reduced. When working with plastic and metal, the use of the pendulum mechanism is unacceptable.

If the purchase of two tools is not affordable, a jigsaw with the function of blowing the working area will be enough for work.

How to prepare the instrument

It will be useful for beginners in this business to learn how to work with a jigsaw correctly, but first we will talk about preparing the tool for use:

  • The first step is to carefully study the operating instructions for the electrical appliance.
  • Visually assess the appearance of the device for damage: cracks, chips, cable integrity.
  • Choose a saw in accordance with the quality of the material with which to work.
  • Select the appropriate mode. Here are some examples: to work with soft tree species, it is necessary to set the maximum speed and apply a pendulum mechanism. If you need to cut a sheet of chipboard, then leave the high speed of the cutting blade, but the pendulum mechanism will be superfluous here because it will contribute to the appearance of chips.

To avoid injury, you must adhere to safety precautions when working with a jigsaw: wear safety glasses and gloves.

Markup

Marking is an important detail, because you need to avoid chips on the front side of the part. Please note that chips are often formed on the side of the sheet towards the person working. Most often this applies to sheets of chipboard and fiberboard. Based on this, the markings must be applied on the back side, and the canvas must be placed with the front side away from you.

For an accurate cut, you need to mark without allowances, and guide the saw near the mowing line of the marking. For the convenience of work, the workpiece must be secured using a bench clamp or a saw table.

Choosing saws for a jigsaw

Saws are purchased separately and are selected depending on the material of the cutting blade and whether you need a straight or curly cut. The packaging indicates the purpose of the saws, what material they are made of, as well as the direction and size of the teeth.

What can you saw with a jigsaw?

  • Wood, plywood;
  • Drywall;
  • Metal;
  • Aluminum;
  • Styrofoam;
  • Glass;
  • Ceramics;
  • Rubber;
  • Skin;
  • Carpets.

Consider the varieties of jigsaw saws and determine what each of them can do.

  • With a wide canvas. Designed for cutting saw blades along a straight mowing line. With a saw like this, you don’t have to put in a lot of effort, just make a little directional correction. For a more accurate cutting line, you need to enable the Soft start function, in which the motor gradually picks up speed.
  • Narrow saw. Needed for cutting material along a curved mowing line. To cut with maximum precision, use a tilting tool. The head turn radius depends on the selected jigsaw model.
  • With coarse teeth. Their purpose is to cut quickly, while the quality is poor.
  • Saws with fine teeth and a thin blade can cut the most complex shapes.

Working with blunt saws can lead to tool breakage due to the increased load on the jigsaw motor. And also the quality of the cut will decrease.

Device device

The electric jigsaw is designed for cutting various sheet materials. Depending on the purpose, jigsaws are:

  • Professional;
  • Semi-professional:
  • Household.

The differences lie in the technical characteristics and functionality of the tools.

Before you learn how to use a jigsaw, you need to familiarize yourself with its device. The tool consists of:

  • Aluminum body.
  • Electric motor. A powerful tool will be able to cut thicker and stronger material.
  • Gearbox covers.
  • Pendulum stroke control buttons. The pendulum mechanism allows you to make an accurate cut of materials with a low density (soft woods, plywood, foam).
  • Covers and brackets for safe work.
  • Support roller for sawing.
  • Chip blowing regulator.
  • Regulator of the number of strokes of the saw, on which the speed of its movement depends.
  • Slab tilt adjuster. It allows you to cut wood at 15, 30, 45 and 90 degrees.
  • Laser guide. Allows you to adhere to the drawn mower line for cutting.
  • Keyless chuck, which acts as a saw.
  • Battery, thanks to which you can cut with a jigsaw for some time without being connected to the mains.

How to use a jigsaw correctly

Every man, being a real owner, should not only have repair tools in his arsenal, but also be able to apply them in practice. We will talk about one of the modern tools, namely the jigsaw. Let’s figure out what kind of device it is and how to work with it.