How To Put The Ignition On The Tiller
Ignition adjustment thanks to Spark
Tillery Equipped with a simple ignition system. However, before you start to install and independently adjust the ignition on such equipment, it is recommended to make sure that there is a spark, thanks to which the fuel ignites.
It is not so difficult to independently adjust the ignition system on such a technique equipped with an internal combustion engine as a tiller using a spark, as it might seem to most people at first glance. To do this, it is necessary to turn the crankshaft in such a position that the marks located on the surface of the pulley, as well as the gas structure, coincide with each other. A special slider responsible for the distribution of gas flows should point directly to the high-voltage wire.
Then you need to slightly loosen the nut, which changes the location of the entire structure. Thanks to this nut, the moments of occurrence of the so-called high-voltage pulses are determined in the system. Then, it is necessary to remove the wire, which is located in the system cover (the wire is located in the central part of the cover).
At the next stage of adjustment, it is necessary to place the contacts directly from the motor cultivator itself at a short distance (about 5 mm) and start the ignition system. Then the mechanical structure responsible for determining the ignition moment is turned strictly clockwise until it reaches a mark with a value of 200.
The structure responsible for the appearance of high-voltage pulses must be carefully rotated in the opposite direction. After performing THESE procedures, a spark should appear between the guide and the mass of the cultivator. Then, to avoid the risk of ignition, the breaker must be quickly tightened.
All manipulations associated with setting the ignition on the tiller with the help of a spark must be performed carefully. During work, the mechanical structure must always remain in the same position towards the tiller.
3 ways how to correctly set the ignition on the tiller
Tillers are a multifunctional technique, thanks to which work is carried out on cultivation, processing of land, as well as planting a variety of crops. However, the tiller, like any other technique, requires periodic maintenance, repair, and adjustment. In order to increase the life of the engine in such a technique, it is recommended to adjust the valves, as well as adjust the ignition system to avoid the occurrence of breakdowns and malfunctions in the future.
Installation of ignition using hearing
People who have good, sensitive hearing can independently set the ignition system, on any tiller Using only sound. This method provides for the so-called contactless testing of the spark plugs. To correctly adjust the ignition using only one sound, you must:
- Start device engine.
- Weaken the distributor.
- DO NOT exert excessive physical activity, gently, slowly turn the body of the breaker on both sides.
- Set the structure responsible for the formation of a spark to the maximum power mode with an increased number of revolutions.
After completing all the manipulations, the user should carefully listen to the operation of the device. When the discontinuous system rotates, distinct clicks should be heard, which indicate the correct, uninterrupted operation of the device. Then, after the ignition is set, it is necessary to return the distributor nut to its original position.
Using a stroboscope
To independently set the ignition on such a technique as a tiller, you can use a special device called a stroboscope. To do this, you first need to warm up the internal combustion engine and connect this device to the tiller. Then a sensor should be placed on the high voltage cylinder wiring to respond to sound vibrations.
At the next stage of adjusting the ignition system, you need to dismantle the vacuum hose and install a plug on it. The light emitted from the stroboscope must be directed to the pulley and start the internal combustion engine (ICE). It should be noted that while performing this procedure, the device must be idling.
Then the distributor should be turned and fastened as soon as the mark drawn on the pulley coincides with the mark that is on the surface of the tiller cover. After completing all THESE procedures, the breaker nut is tightened back until it takes its original position.
The described ignition adjustment methods are suitable for tillers, which are equipped with both gasoline and diesel engines. However, it should be noted that during such a setting it is not recommended to dismantle the coils and other elements that make up the tiller’s ignition system.
Tiller ignition system
The ignition system is one of the most important components of the tiller mechanism, its purpose is to create the spark that is necessary for the combustion of fuel. The simplicity of the design of this system allows users to successfully try to repair or adjust it themselves.
Typically an ignition system consists of a coil connected to the mains supply, a spark plug and a magneto. When voltage is applied between the spark plug and the magnetic shoe, a spark is formed, which ignites the fuel in the engine combustion chamber.
Prevention and troubleshooting
To prevent malfunctions in the ignition system, try to follow some simple recommendations:
- NOT working on a walk-behind tractor if the weather is bad outside. rains, dampness, frost, or sudden changes in humidity and temperature conditions are expected;
- If you feel an unpleasant smell of burning plastic, do not turn on the unit;
- Provide protection of the principal components of the mechanism from water penetration;
- Replace the spark plugs about once every 90 days, if you actively use the device, this period can and should be shortened;
- The oil used for the engine must be of high quality and suitable for the given model brand, otherwise the spark plug will be constantly filled with fuel;
- Carry out regular inspections of the ignition system, gears, so as not to allow the use of the unit with broken cables, other malfunctions;
- When the motor heats up, try to reduce the load on the device, so you protect the mechanism from accelerated wear;
- When you DO NOT use the tiller in winter, place it in a dry and fairly warm room under lock and key to prevent hypothermia.
Tiller ignition: characteristics and adjustment
tiller is now a fairly widespread technique. This article tells about the ignition system, how to set it up and what problems may arise during the operation of the device.
How to set and adjust?
If your tiller does not start well, you need to pull the cord for a long time or the motor reacts with a delay, most often you just need to set the ignition correctly. The procedure is described in the instruction manual of the device. But what if you don’t have it at hand, and you don’t remember where you put this useful brochure?
Follow the following guidelines.
Close the spark plug elbow, press its body against the cylinder head, turned this element of the ignition system in the opposite direction from the hole in the end of the cylinder. Turn the crankshaft. You can do this by pulling on the cord. In total, a bluish spark should slip between the electrodes. If you DO NOT wait for the spark to appear, check the gap between the staters and the flywheel magneto. This indicator should be equal to 0.1. 0.15 mm. If the gap does not correspond to the specified value, it needs to be adjusted.
You can try setting the ignition by ear, especially if yours is rather thin. This method is also called contactless. To do this, start the engine, slightly Loosen the distributor. Breaker Take your time to return to both sides. At the maximum power and number of revolutions, fix the structure that determines the moment of sparking, listen. When you turn the breaker, you should hear a clicking sound. After that, tighten the distributor mount.
Warm up the motor, Connect the stroboscope to the power circuit of the walk-behind tractor. Sound sensor Place on the high voltage wire from one of the engine cylinders. Dismantle the vacuum tube and plug it. The direction of the light emitted by the stroboscope must be towards the pulley. Run the engine idle, turn the distributor. Having achieved that the direction of the pulley mark coincides with the mark on the cover of the device, locks. Tighten the breaker nut.
What problems can arise?
The main problem is the lack of a spark. Most likely, the reason is in the candle. either carbon deposits have formed on it, or it is faulty. Unscrew it and carefully examine the electrodes. If there is carbon deposits formed by filling with gasoline, in addition to cleaning the spark plug, it is necessary to check the fuel supply system, possibly there are leaks. If there is no spark, you need to clean the spark plug. A good way out can be heating it over a gas burner turned on, scraping from its surface Stuck drips of the fuel mixture.
After cleaning the candle, test it for proper functioning. To do this, put on a cap on the top of the part and bring it, holding it in one hand, to the tiller motor housing at a distance of about 1 mm. Try to start the engine with your free hand.
If not, check the electrode gap. Try to push the razor blade there, and in case the electrodes grip it tightly, the distance is optimal. If a loose blade is felt, the position of the electrodes must be corrected. To do this, tap the back of the center piece with a screwdriver. When the electrodes are in optimum position, try starting the engine again. If spark does not occur, test the magneto for proper operation.
Possible other problems with the ignition system:
- Weakness or lack of spark;
- Feeling of unpleasant odor Burnt plastic in the part of the mechanism where the ignition coil is located;
- Cracking sound when starting the engine.
To do this, having unscrewed the mounting bolts, Remove the upper part of the ignition system casing. Then disconnect the power cord, pry the coil element and pull it out. Carefully examine the appearance of the part. the presence of black spots indicates that the current did not flow to the candle, but the coil winding was melted. This situation is especially relevant for tillers with contactless ignition.
The reason for this malfunction is in poor-quality contacts on the high voltage cable. It is required to strip or completely replace the wires. Devices with an electronic ignition system have an automatic fuse that cuts off the power in the event of a malfunction. If your car has any other ignition system, you will have to disconnect the cable yourself. If a spark pierces when turned on, check the tip of the spark plug, most likely it is dirty.
How to adjust the ignition on the tiller, see below.
This is one of the typical malfunctions of the tiller ignition system. The most common reasons for this are spark plug deposits or spark plug breakage. In this case, Unscrew the candle and carefully inspect its side and central electrodes. If the spark plug is covered with carbon deposits formed as a result of flooding the part with a fuel mixture, then cleaning the spark plug will not be enough. you will need to check the pipes of the tiller’s fuel system for leaks. Examples of cases of highly contaminated spark plugs are clearly visible in the photo.
If the spark is gone, then in any case you will need to thoroughly clean the candle. To do this, it is best to heat it over a gas burner, and then scrape off the dried fuel from the surface. After cleaning the part, put the tip on its upper part and bring it to the tiller motor housing. The candle must be held so that its electrode is located about 1 millimeter from the motor housing. In this case, try to start the tiller motor with the second hand.
If the candle is completely intact, then a spark is formed in its lower part, which will jump out and hit the motor housing. If this does not happen, then you need to inspect the distance between the side and central electrodes. A blade should be placed between them, and if it fits snugly between the two electrodes, then the gap is of the optimal size. If the blade is dangling, then you need to knock with any hard object on the back of the center electrode. As a result, it will move, after which you need to try to start the tiller engine again.
Malfunctions and remedies
If the equipment stops working, the first step is to check the ignition coil installed on the tiller. There may be several reasons for such malfunctions:
- Wiring problems;
- Breakage in the ignition coil;
- Malfunctioning candles;
- Lack of spark from the candles installed on the tiller (this is one of the most common causes of problems).
To check the candle, it should be Unscrewed and well examined by the side and central electrodes. If carbon deposits are found here, they can be easily disposed of with a gas burner. When inspecting THESE parts, pay attention to whether there is moisture on them. If the candle turns out to be dry, this will indicate that fuel does NOT enter the engine of the cultivator.
If this part is wet, it may indicate that the cylinder has been filled with engine oil. To get out of this situation, it is necessary to find the cause of the breakdown, and then dry the cylinder and wipe the candle well. To dry the cylinder, you will need to pull the starter rope several times.
After that, it is recommended to check the coil, taking into account the recommendations of specialists for the repair of agricultural machinery. This can be done in the same way as with a candle. It is necessary to put the tip on it, and push the lower plane towards the magneto body. If there is no spark during the rotation of the flywheel, then the problem lies precisely in the coil.
What causes malfunctions in the ignition system of Mole tillers
If we analyze the situation using the example of tillers from the Mole firm, here malfunctions can be observed due to the fact that the spark plug insulators turned out to be faulty. If such a situation arises, each of the systems must be replaced, if this is not done, the ignition on the Mole tiller will constantly suffer from the occurrence of various degrees of complexity of problems.
The unit has a Stop button, here a short to ground may occur, so that the engine starts, this problem must be eliminated. The rest of the violations may be associated with the contacts of the candles, in which case they must be put in order. In some cases, the engine may not start if the gap between the magnetic shoe and the starter is not provided, as indicated in the instructions. If the starter is malfunctioning, it will also have to be replaced.
Several reasons for the failure of the ignition system in this tiller
Self Test Magneto for Tiller
Another important element of the tiller ignition system is the magneto. In the event of a malfunction of the node, it also lends itself to careful inspection for operability. Checking the tiller’s magneto is quite simple. To do this, it is necessary to clean the candle from the carbon deposits accumulated on its surface and make sure that it is working properly. Then a cap with a serviceable drive is put on the candle. Next, the lower part of the candle must be brought to the magneto body, and begin to rotate the flywheel located in the motor with your fingers.
If a spark in the magneto on the tiller does not occur, then the element is out of order. In this case, it will be necessary to replace the magneto of the tiller ignition system in order to prevent wear of the second mechanisms of the unit.
Finding the correct injection angle
You can experimentally adjust the ignition angle on a diesel engine as follows:
- After installing the pulley, attempts are made to start the diesel. If the engine does not start, then the injection pump pulley is turned by a few teeth (2-4). Then they try to start the engine again.
- When the motor starts up after the above manipulations, evaluate its work. The presence of obvious knocking knocks means that the fuel pump pulley must be turned a tooth or two in the opposite direction. The appearance of thick gray smoke may indicate a late lead angle. In a similar situation, the pump pulley rotates one tooth in the direction of rotation.
The second available method involves the following steps:
- The high-pressure tube is dismantled from the nozzle of the first cylinder. The removed tube must be tightly fitted with a transparent plastic hose and placed in an upright position.
- After that, you can turn on the ignition and turn the pump pulley. The pulley rotates as softly, slowly and accurately as possible.
- Next, you need to monitor the fuel level in the tube and identify the upper limit.
- Noticing when the level of diesel fuel in the tube is the highest, it is necessary to make a mark on the pulley.
- Then, according to the marks, you need to set the crankshaft and camshaft of the engine.
After starting, engine performance is assessed. If an early or late fuel injection angle is determined, the adjustment operation should be repeated.
One of the main units in the tiller’s design is the ignition system. It is responsible for the formation of the spark required to instantly ignite the fuel mixture. The ignition system of a modern tiller has a fairly simple design, which allows you to set up or repair the unit yourself. However, for this, the correct procedure must be followed, otherwise there will be a high risk of breakage of system parts.
How to set the ignition on a Diesel Tiller
One of the main differences between a diesel engine and a gasoline engine is the principle of igniting diesel fuel. Ignition of the fuel-air mixture in a diesel engine is realized by means of self-ignition of diesel fuel from contact with air in the cylinders that is pre-compressed and heated as a result of such compression.
The ignition timing on a diesel engine involves a change in the fuel injection advance angle, which is applied at a predetermined moment at the end of the compression stroke. If the angle is set differently from the optimal parameters, then the fuel injection will be untimely. The result will be inadequate combustion of the mixture in the cylinders, which causes a devastating imbalance in the engine.
It turns out that the ignition system of a diesel engine should be understood as the most important element of the power unit’s power supply system. a high-pressure fuel pump (injection pump). In most diesel engines, it is this device in combination with diesel nozzles that is responsible for the timely metered supply of diesel fuel to the engine cylinders.
How to set ignition to tiller. execution algorithm
From time to time, the tiller needs to adjust the ignition system. Untimely adjustment of this unit will lead to accelerated wear of the second, less fundamental mechanisms of the agricultural machine. In order to be able to independently adjust the ignition system for the Diesel Tiller and its gasoline counterparts, you need to study the design diagrams of this unit.
A properly tuned tiller ignition system is capable of creating a spark in the most necessary place and at the right moment for this. In this case, the magneto lid is responsible for the distribution of the formed spark, and its lower part is responsible for the interruption of the spark. In order for the ignition system to work exactly according to this principle, it should be adjusted.
The ignition is installed in the following order:
- First you need to check the operation of the flywheel available in the engine until the contacts located inside the magneto open;
- After that, it is necessary to measure the distance between the “anvil” built into the ignition system and the “hammer”;
- Next, you need to return the flywheel until the piston is compressed;
- As soon as the flywheel reaches the highest point, it must be returned again. As a result of this, a one-time knock will be heard, indicating the operation of the overrunning clutch available in the design;
- After that, the flywheel will need to be returned counterclockwise so that the second mark on it converges with the mark located on the body;
- The next step is to adjust the distance between the breaker contact and the adjacent cam. The minimum for the correct operation of the ignition system will be a gap between the parts of 0.25 mm, and the maximum. 0.35 mm;
- At the end, it remains to secure the built-in cam with special screws, which are located on top. He will tell you how to properly set up the ignition system on the Tiller.
The performed ignition adjustment will make it possible to speed up the starting of the tiller engine and make it smoother, which will lead to a slowdown in the wear of the piston group and other fundamental elements of the motor of an agricultural machine.
How to check the ignition coil on Tilleri?
Checking and, if necessary, repairing the ignition coil follows the same principle as for the magneto tiller.
The following factors indicate that the tiller’s ignition coil has failed:
- Weak spark or its complete absence;
- There is a smell of molten plastic in the area where the ignition coil is installed;
- Cracking sound when trying to start the tiller.
In any of THESE cases, you will need to carefully examine the tiller’s ignition coil. To do this, it is best to completely dismantle it. To this end, first unscrew the fastening bolts and remove the upper cover of the ignition system housing. Then you need to disconnect the high-voltage wire and, carefully prying the coil, remove it from the case. After that, you need to carefully inspect the part for traces of melting. if black spots are visible on the coil, then, most likely, the current created by it did not reach the candle, as a result of which the ignition coil itself succumbed to the voltage. Especially often farmers encounter this problem, in whose tillers a non-contact ignition is installed.
The reason that the current did not reach the spark plug is poor contacts on the high-voltage conductor. In this case, repair of the ignition of the tiller is reduced to stripping the wires or completely replacing them. In tillers where an electronic ignition system is installed, in the event of a breakdown, the wire is automatically disconnected due to the presence of a special fuse. In agricultural machines with ignition systems of the second types, disconnect the wire in case of breakdowns manually.
Setting the angle by marks
The first way to independently set the diesel ignition angle (the moment of diesel fuel injection) according to the marks involves the displacement of the fuel pump. This method is suitable for diesel internal combustion engines, in which mechanical fuel equipment is installed.
The injection advance angle is adjusted by rotating the injection pump around the axis. A method is also possible when the camshaft toothed pulley turns in relation to the hub. This method is suitable for those designs in which the pump and pulley are not rigidly attached.
- To adjust the ignition on a diesel engine with your own hands, you need to turn to the back of the internal combustion engine and get to the flywheel, if necessary, dismantle the protective casing from it.
- Next, you need to find a stopper on the flywheel, which goes down into a special slot.
- After that, the handwheel must be turned manually (using a key or a second device). Turning the flywheel means that the engine’s crankshaft is rotating. You need to twist clockwise until the upper stopper-lock is activated.
- Then we pay attention to the injection pump drive shaft. It is possible that the scale on the drive clutch, through which the rotation is transmitted, is in the upper position. In this case, the mark on the injection pump flange is aligned with the zero mark on the drive.
- After aligning the marks, the fastening bolts can be tightened. A setting scale on the drive clutch that is different from the top position means that the flywheel stop must be lifted, after which the engine crankshaft turns again by one revolution. Then the position of the scale is monitored again.
- After tightening the drive clutch bolts, the stop on the flywheel rises, the crankshaft turns 90 °, then the stop is placed in the groove.
The final step is to reinstall the flywheel guard and tighten the mounting bolts. Then the engine is started, its work is analyzed. The unit at idle speed should work smoothly and smoothly, without failures and jerks. Hard work of a diesel engine, accompanied by detonation knocks, is unacceptable.
Next, you need to check the correctness of the setting in motion, avoiding serious loads. Warm up the engine to operating temperature and evaluate the throttle response of the power plant, the response to pressing the gas pedal. It is also necessary to monitor the color of the exhaust gases, as a late fuel injection advance angle will be accompanied by a gray-black engine smoke.
How to set the ignition on a tiller centaur. Scooter | Topic author: Euphemios
How to set the ignition on Alpha.
ANATOLY)) No way! Not provided, exhibited from the factory.
This is ק ę ॡ ķ ล (Chakradhar) where did you get that you need to set the ignition.
Vanyok (Manush) fuck because it’s taken apart! And I need to put everything in its place!
This is ק ę ॡ ķ ล (Chakradhar) so put it in place Connect the wires, And do not fuck brains or yourself to people.
Vanek (Manush) stop stop, we didn’t seem to understand each other. I’m talking about the valve chain.
This is ק ę ॡ ķ ล (Chakradhar) ahhh, well, I’ll explain it right away, everything is simple here, put the piston at top dead center and there is a dot on the camshaft sprocket, and there is a mark on the head (located in front of the head) you combine these points and that’s it
Vanyok (Manush) The piston rises twice in a full stroke. Which one should you bet on? Or difference comments?
It’s ק ę ॡ ķ ķ (Chakradhar) no
Vanyok (Manush) If you make a mistake on one or two links, it’s not scary?
This ק ę ॡ ķ ล (Chakradhar) is scary, you need to clearly set it, if you make a mistake by one tooth, it will start, but it will not take turns, it is really bad shorter
ANATOLY)) Timing and ignition, to put it mildly, not the same thing. You set it like this: the T mark on the magnet is matched with the line on the Inspection hole on the top left of the half-crankcase (First unscrew the plug!, Then the timing star on the engine head is aligned along the mark (knock out a dot or line on it with a mark on the head body, under the timing star cover and all!
Vanek (Manush) Thanks. How to collect. Unsubscribe.
This is ק ę ॡ ķ ล (Chakradhar) Ok
This is ק ę ॡ ķ ล (Chakradhar) How many mopeds he collected, they never put on the marks on the magnet, and worked like a clock, always
ANATOLY)) Mark on the T magnet-timing mark, mark P on the magnet-TDC of the piston-mark for setting valve clearances.
Alexey (Neta) who does not know. In Alpha and Delta, the ignition angle is fixed rigidly at 28 degrees. That idle, that 7000ob. The angle does not change.
Roman (Euphemios) only set the starting angle. The electronics do the rest in the commutator! Checked and more than once!
Roman (Euphemios) and the timing chain needs to be set exactly according to the marks! If the fox was wrong! Turnovers Will not take-put on a new one, but if the valve is bent.
Roman (Euphemios) right now, I’ll tell you by the marks. Two points. on the head and on the star. Must be aligned. Turning the crankshaft counterclockwise, align the T mark (on the flywheel) with the mark on the left crankcase cover. That’s all the marks! Valve adjustment. according to them!
How to set the ignition on a tiller bison. Home. CBA.PL
Tiller engine bison centaur Zirka zirka. Ignition system 5;. Starting device 6;. Cooling system 7. Homemade mini motor.
Checking the moment of fuel injection on the tiller.
16 Apr 2014 7 min. Added by user Ruslan K Engine R175 Where are the factory labels YBQGFwsXSe8 Continued as not necessary.
How to adjust the ignition of the tiller, the gas generator at home without problems. Ignition on the Dnieper is NOT exposed. | Topic author: Stefano
There is the sixteenth Dnieper, for a long time stood in the garage (at least 15), sneeze-puff won’t start and that’s it. There is a spark on the candles, I would not say that it is strong. According to the owner, the ignition was NOT working properly.
I turn on the ignition. I seem to do everything according to the book, but. The coil is not demagnetized when the breaker body is turned to one side or the other.!
Also, when you turn the ignition housing, a spark arises between it and the crankcase! My motorcycle is my first, maybe it should be so, maybe where does it break through the wiring? Maybe it breaks through the ignition system? Even xs what to think.)
Mikhail (Jaron) to throw out this balalaika named “contact ignition” and presses the electronic.
Deni (Jalood) Pavel, um, it’s a woman’s option. T.K. In the Urals it was exactly the same, sneeze puff and that’s it, the woman did NOT magnet at all, and vice versa, even devoured the entire battery when setting the ignition. He took off a working woman from the second Urals, set up to light a nut, hang it, herax fell down, tighten the ignition housing and voila, started up from the first poke). This is normal between the ignition housing and the crankcase, since Housing “contact” with the crankcase, while the cool body contact becomes bad, a spark flies. Just when you turn the body during tuning, it presses it against the crankcase and sets the ignition normally.
P.S. 3 years I go to contacts) there is no desire for some reason electronic puts
Vladimir (Teaghan) Pavel, replace the fist, the production is apparently NOT frail. I also had it, the ignition was NOT regulated at all.
Pavel (Ginelle) Vladimir, I undermined the kulachek with a file, there was a small crack, the capacitor was replaced. And so howlingly 3200 mileage!
Pavel (Ginelle) but they turned the ignition on it.
Vladimir (Teaghan) Cam profile has worked. Highlighted in the photo
Pavel (Ginelle) xs, but how to determine?
Vladimir (Teaghan) Pavel, take off the ignition and compare with the second cam, preferably a new one) And put the coil with them in the sun, for a couple of hours, let it dry.
Pavel (Ginelle) Vladimir, you must try
Vladimir (Teaghan) Pavel, you must. I have not yet forgotten the gap on the cams, set it as you collect everything)
Pavel (Ginelle) Vladimir, as without it.
Vladimir (Teaghan) Pavel, well, everything happens
Deni (Jalood) The coil is checked. you measure the resistance with a multimeter on the primary there should be several ohms (I have 6), on the secondary a few kOhms (I have 10), although the turn-to-turn circuit cannot be detected this way, but the break is determined. Then you check the capacitor, put the multimeter on the resistance, connect it at the first measurement, it will NOT show anything, i.e. It is charging, changing the polarity should show for a moment a lot of resistance. The spark is also very dependent on the state of the wiring, the battery-lock-ignition chain must be done by good guidance and all terminals in this chain must be crimped well and checked. Check if the front strip is installed correctly, if properly installed, the cutout should be a straight rectangle.
Pavel (Ginelle) Denis, in more detail, how to check the coil? Plus it is clear where, and the minus where it puts?
Mikhail (Jaron) Pavel, “weight” on body = minus on fish soup fasteners
Pavel (Ginelle) Mikhail, weight is a minus! )
ATP Got it on the mass we put
Deni (Jalood) Pavel, Primary-plus where the wire comes from the ignition switch, minus where the wire comes from the contacts, there should be 6 ohms for a 6 volt coil, for a 12 volt 10 ohm or somewhere in this area. Secondary. where the wires diverge to the candles should be 10 kOhm. By the way, I had a break on the secondary and the mot will start up then no, the spark that is, then no or weak, I called changed and everything worked fine.
Pavel (Ginelle) Denis, still an electrician, should the breaker body carry current? (I have a spark, between the body of the breaker and the crankcase)
I understand that all electrical processes occurring in the breaker must go beyond its aisles (except for the coil)
Tags: How to set ignition on Tiller Centaur
How to set the piston to TDC on the tiller. Youtube
Apr 16, 2014 8 min. Added by user Ruslan to this. Shows alternative methods for finding TDC. Factory labels are here.
tiller Aurora 105 engine 178F how to adjust the feed angle.
9 sep 2012 tiller Aurora 105 engine 178F how to adjust the angle of fuel delivery. It is necessary to set the piston correctly, and about this in the instructions there is zero. Tiller Centaur 2091D with SH 186 FE engine in nevo 9.
Repair of ignition coils and troubleshooting
There are situations when the cultivator will not start. This may be a problem with the coil system. For example, there is:
- Malfunction in the coil itself.
- Malfunction in the candle located in the coil.
- In the wiring.
- In the tip of the candle.
- To check the candle, you need to pull it out and inspect it. If carbon deposits are present on the electrode, they can be heated with gas.
To test the magneto (coil), a tip is put on the candle and the lower part is brought to the coil. A spark should be generated as the flywheel turns. If this does not happen, then there is a malfunction in the ignition coil for the tiller.
Setting up and checking ignition for Tiller Neva
There are several factors on which the ignition setting will depend:
- The specific model of the unit and the availability of modifications to the SZ;
- What spark plugs are used;
- The time at which you will adjust the system. the primary setting is carried out during the first run-in, the secondary one. during subsequent work.
It shows how easy it is to adjust the ignition of a tiller with a LIFAN 168F engine in the field. The method is applicable to cultivators with a Russian engine.
To correctly and quickly check the coil of Neva tillers, you need:
- Fold A4 letter 4 times.
- Loosen the fixing modular bolts.
- Place the paper under the pillow.
- Press it down and hold it until the bolts are NOT tightened.
- Return the flywheel and see if there is a spark.
There is also a second method, similar to the previous method of setting the ignition on the engine of a motor-cultivator, only a small piece of cardboard, cut from a cigarette pack, acts as a probe here.
Easy ways to set the ignition on the tiller correctly: DM-1K engine, adjustment of the Neva MB-2, the gap between the coil and the flywheel,
Many farmers are interested in how to set the ignition on the tiller. Tillers are increasingly popular with farmers. They are easy to use, with their help you can perform all types of garden work. But any technique sooner or later wears out and breaks.
We will find out how to set the ignition on motor cultivators, how to fix problems, how to properly check the system. Installing the ignition is not as difficult as it seems at first glance.
How to set the ignition on a tiller
Let’s consider how to adjust the ignition of the tiller. The tiller ignition system is quite simple. Before installing the ignition, it is important to make sure that this structure creates a spark, which in turn will cause the ignition of the fuel fluid in the internal combustion chamber.
In order not to turn to trivia specialists and save your money, you need to understand how the ignition is adjusted and the ignition coil settings are performed. Consider how to set the ignition on tiller MB 1 and MB 2.
You can set the ignition with a spark. It is necessary to return the crankshaft so that the marks of the pulley and the gas mechanism coincide. The slider, distributing gas flows, should point to the high-voltage wire of the cylinder.
It is necessary to slightly Unscrew the nut, which changes the position of the mechanical structure, which determines the moments of the high-voltage pulse.
Then you need to get the high-voltage wire from the system cover. He is in its center. Then place the contacts at a distance of 5 mm from the cultivator.
After that, turn on the ignition.
Next, you need to return the mechanical structure, which determines the ignition moment, clockwise to the 200 mark.The above structure is carefully returned to the other side.
A spark is generated between the central high-voltage wire and the ground of the cultivator. After that, you need to quickly tighten the interrupter nut to avoid ignition.
You can set the ignition by sound. If the owner has good hearing, then this method of checking and adjusting the ignition is fine. In other words, this is a contactless candle check.
The contactless method assumes the following procedure:
- First you need to start the engine.
- Then you need to slightly loosen the distributor.
- Breaker body is slowly returned to 2 sides.
- The mechanical structure, which determines the moment of spark formation, must be strengthened in the state of the highest power and the highest number of revolutions.
- Then listen carefully. When the interrupted system is turned, a clicking sound should be heard.
- After all the actions taken, you need to tighten the distributor nuts.
The strobe method works as follows:
- First you need to warm up the engine.
- After that attach the stroboscope to the tiller.
- The sound-sensitive sensor must be connected to the high voltage wire of the cylinder.
- Dismantle the vacuum hose and plug it.
- The strobe will emit light, which should be pointed at the pulley.
- Start the engine of the unit again, leave it idling.
- Will return the distributor.
- Fasten as soon as the pulley mark points to the mark indicated on the tiller cover.
- Tighten the breaker nuts.
The above is how to check the ignition coil. When installing the system, it is advisable to use the instructions, especially to the owners who encounter this for the first time.
Adjusting the coil is not a difficult task.
Repair and adjustment of engine ignition dm1k
The ignition system of the DM1K domestic four-stroke engine is electronic contactless with magneto. The MB-2K model with a capacity of 6.5 hp and 7.5 hp is equipped with such an engine.
If the ignition does not work, do the following:
- If, when checking for a spark, the spark plug turned out to be faulty, it should be replaced with a new one;
- Check the candlestick and the wire going to it;
- Check the ignition button and the integrity of the wiring;
- If all of the above is done, and the system does not work, then it is likely that the ignition is faulty and needs to be changed.
How to set the ignition to the cultivator
With frequent jerking of the starter cable of the Neva cultivator, over time, the engine starts to start with a delay. In this case:
- Put a square on the candle;
- Press the housing against the cylinder head and return the ignition element to the opposite side from the holes;
- The crankshaft is turned and pull the cable several times;
- A spark should appear when pulling, if not, adjust the desired clearance between the flywheel and the magneto.
Adjusting and tuning the magneto is quite simple. The most common prerequisite for a malfunction of the tiller coil is a candle. Therefore, in a case with tools for each owner of a motor-cultivator there should be sets of spare candles.
The most popular candles from well-known manufacturers are Bosch and Subaru.
Checking candles is carried out as follows. In order to check the serviceability of the plugs of the MB and MB 1 tiller coils, you need to follow the following instructions:
- Unscrew the candle. Wipe the electrodes.
- If soot is present, clean it.
- Set the distance between the electrodes.
- Put a tip with a high-voltage wire on the candle.
- Press against cylinder body. Electrodes Should point to one side under the candle.
- Turn the crankshaft, observe the formation of a spark. If it is not there, then there is a malfunction in the candles.
Whoever owns motor-cultivators must remember that if a spark has formed, then you need to look at its brightness. If the color is intense, then the tuning and adjustment of the magneto was successful.
Important for good magneto performance. Observe the clearance between the flywheel and stator. The distance should be between 0.1 and 0.15 mm. If the indicators DO NOT meet the required ones, then it will not be difficult to configure them.
To set the optimal gap size, you need to remove the fan cover, loosen the stator bolts and insert a feeler gauge. Then you need to set the Required characteristics and tighten the nuts.
Ignition repair for tillers is also not difficult. Most often, magneto breakdown occurs due to a malfunction of the spark plug.
To check, you need to carefully unscrew the candle and inspect it.
If the spark plug is dry, it means that fuel is NOT entering the engine system. If the candle is wet, it means that the candle is constantly filled with engine oil.
For repair in the first case, you need to wipe the candle, with late repairs Dry the engine cylinder, drove it at idle.
Features of ignition adjustment on cascade and Lifan tillers
Engines on Tiller Lifan and “Cascade” Equipped with an electronic ignition system that provides the spark plugs with a constant spark, so all the tips on how to adjust the system are as follows:
- DO NOT save on candles by giving preference to Japanese manufacturers (for example, models BP6ЕS and BPR6ES (NGK)).
- Every 100 hours of engine operation, carry out the maintenance of the spark arrester, clean the filter from carbon deposits.
- Watch the idle speed, it should be within 1700 (± 150) rpm. Its deviation indicates a motor malfunction.
Do you regulate the SZ for tillery yourself or contact service centers?
How to change the oil seal
Another important point, which concerns the repair of the tiller, is how to change the oil seal on the gearbox.
Therefore, first of all, it is worth studying the theoretical part, namely the details that make up this node.
The gearbox housing consists of two halves. They are stamped from steel and bolted together with a rubber gasket between them to seal and seal. Steel angles are welded to the body, which, but in essence, form the supporting frame of the entire device.
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Parallel to the output shaft and perpendicular to the gearbox housing, inside which there are chains and bolts holding it together. On them, in turn, pins and bolts are installed, the shift lever unit is located. A chain of 46 links leads to it.
The block itself consists of an input shaft, with the help of which gear changes take place. Here are the asterisks, which are responsible for the first and second gear.
The shift shaft, over time, can become a prerequisite for malfunctions. a weak point in it is a switch cracker, which over time wears out and the tiller works, to put it mildly, unsatisfactorily. Sooner or later, it will have to be replaced, and for this it is necessary to completely dismantle the gearbox.
In order to replace the oil seal on the “Ray” tiller gearbox, such manipulations are not necessary. With sufficient skills and knowledge of design features, everything can be done without disassembling anything.
- It is enough just to remove the boot and the bushing, the oil seal can be removed with a screwdriver.
- Next, you just need to replace the old oil seal, gently put it in place with a hammer, reinstall the sleeve and the boot.
- If you have no experience in removing something with a screwdriver and a hammer, in this case it is better to remove and disassemble the gearbox. just remove its housing.
How to adjust the carburetor
Another type of adjustment that will need to be carried out is the adjustment of the “Ray” tiller carburetor.
After that, you will notice changes in the tiller’s work, and they will be for the better, since the injection is stabilized.
- Before adjusting the carburetor, you need to carefully tighten two screws. the main jet and the idle jet with great care.
- Then they need to be turned in the opposite direction, about one and a quarter of a turn.
- Next, you need to start the engine in order for it to warm up. It will reach normal operating temperature in twenty minutes. When this happens, you need to move the throttle lever to the “min” position.
- With the help of the screw, you need to set the most minimal, but stable idle speed. The same action must be repeated for the maximum speed.
- Repeat the setting of the minimum frequency again, which will be stable.
- Further, it will repeat the setting of the maximum stroke frequency again, thus ensuring uninterrupted stable operation of the entire mechanism.
Despite all the convenience of using equipment similar to the “Luch” tiller, due to its simple design and, as a result, high “survivability”, it needs frequent tuning. This need was a consequence of the same simplicity of mechanisms, which loosen and shift from constant work.
But it’s not particularly difficult to “revive” a tiller “Ray” MB 1. The schodo carburetor is easy to adjust and repair, and even after a short acquaintance with its design, the repair will not be so difficult.
The type and density of the engine oil are precisely indicated in the operating instructions that come with the product, but as for the host oil brand, this instruction has long been outdated.
In addition, a large number of modern engine oils came to replace the not very wide selection of fuels and lubricants of that time, when the peak of production of Luch tillers fell. Of course, not all are suitable for use, but there are analogues of what is indicated in the instructions, and they largely surpass the recommended.
Full synthetic Not suitable for such an engine, because due to its inherent fluidity, such oil simply does not stay on parts sufficiently.
The reason for this is the feature of lubrication mechanisms, using spraying. Changing the oil in the engine is necessary after every 25-30 hours of operation, changing the oil in the gearbox is needed less often, after 50 hours.
Also, it is very important that during the oil change, the tiller should stand strictly horizontally, without tilting. otherwise you can simply grieve the required amount. To find out how much oil is in the Luch Tiller gearbox, just look at the instruction manual.
It is necessary to fill in two liters of oil into a completely dry tank, but when replacing, only one and a half.
For the gearbox, in principle, any gear oil is suitable, but the owners recommend TM-4 80W-85. It is NOT expensive and mineral, which fully meets the requirements for the performance of the oil for the gearbox of this tiller.
How to set the ignition correctly
The operation of any device begins with starting the engine and the ignition system must work No worse than a Swiss watch.
Before setting the ignition to Tiller Luch, Don, Huter, Profi, Plowman, Champion you need, first of all:
- Check the candles. They are the main prerequisites for the failure of this system. It is also always recommended to have a spare candle with you, in case manipulation, cleaning, does not help. To deal with the candle, you need to unscrew and wipe the electrodes and remove carbon deposits from them.
- Next, you need to set a gap between them.
- Then put the square of the wire on the candle, and its body securely Press it against the cylinder, its head, while turning it away from its hole, which is in the cylinder head.
- It is necessary to turn the crankshaft. This can be dealt with with a starter cord. In a working system, the spark that slips between the electrodes should be light blue. If it is absent, or has a white and yellow color, the system is faulty.
In this case, you can check the gap between the stator and the flywheel magnetic shoe, it should be between 0.1 and 0.15 mm.
After THESE simple manipulations, you will get a perfectly working tiller “Ray”. Installing the ignition on it is as simple as setting it up, since it consists of several parts, which are connected like parts of a constructor.
All grooves are designed in such a way that nothing could be confused, insert the candle on the wrong side or connect the wires incorrectly. After you have adjusted the ignition of the “Luch” tiller, and this part of it is working properly, you can start setting up the next important engine unit.
While on modern tillers, the reverse gear is disengaged with the help of a gearbox, which is directly connected to the engine, on “Luch” a belt is used to transmit torque.
The reversing belt is subject to increased wear and after the experienced beam owner always keeps several belts in reserve at once. sometimes it can be difficult to get them, despite the fact that this tiller is quite common.
In order not to be in a situation where a malfunction has arisen and you cannot use your tiller “Ray”, It is better to keep belts in quantity of at least two pieces of each type. Such thriftiness will help you to quickly replace them, even on the field during work.
In general, a good way to keep all equipment in working order is to have spare consumables for all units. This is especially important if such consumables tend to fail quickly.
MB-1 ignition. how to adjust on the Tiller Neva and put the oil seal on the gearbox
Old equipment, or rather equipment manufactured back in the nineties, is distinguished by its simplicity of design and the most simple engineering solutions.
Under the motto of “versatility” and interchangeability of parts, many cars were developed, starting from cars, which changed little from model to model, ending with bicycles.
Tiller is also on this list. “Ray”.
If you get into the hands of the instruction manual for the Luch tiller, then looking at the schematic drawings, you will notice that the engine for the Luch tiller was very versatile. He was wildly popular at the “motor builders” plant where “Luch” and similar devices were produced.
But, we must admit that the enterprise worked conscientiously and the light agricultural machinery that was produced there is still working. In general, such machines as Tiller MB 1, the instructions for Which are dated back to the end of the eighties.
These are devices that you can work on all your life, and with proper service, the number of repairs of this equipment, especially major ones, is reduced to a minimum.
Special features of the device
tiller MB 5040 “Luch”, of course, is very far from ideal. Although, all modifications of this tiller are far from him. Many details require modifications, such as a muffler, like its owners, eventually change to a quieter one. the noise during operation really interferes.
Some small but very important parts are NOT made of the strongest materials. duralumin cranks can quickly fail and interrupt field work, which are completely dependent on the tiller. But the positive aspects in the work of this technique are no less.
Its low cost, thanks to which “Luch” and the likes of Tillery Cayman, Texas Foreman Viking, Forza, Sadko win in more expensive modern technology, immediately attracts attention.
Made in accordance with GOST, these tillers are strong as steel, because, oddly enough, they are made of steel and are strong enough and of high quality. a small and NOT the most powerful MB 1, if necessary, can cope with a load weighing up to 900 kilograms.
For more information on tiller MB 1, look at:
The same applies to the cultivation of the land. no matter how “heavy” it is, he will cope with the task at hand, even though it will take time. But, getting down to work, the Soviet tiller requires adjustment and minimal maintenance, especially after a long period of inactivity. However, like any technique.
Despite all the difficulties, it still maintains a High quality bar, because not every mechanism is able to work for more than twenty years in difficult conditions. dust, dirt is the maximum load on the engine, moreover, it is unstable and NOT constant, but dynamic, this is really a test for anything.
But when creating the “Luch” it was its versatility, simplicity of design and maintenance, albeit due to some minor flaws, was taken into account. But they are easy to eliminate, and not by resorting to radical measures. there is a need to completely redo something.
As for all modernization work, it will cost a mere penny, because, thanks to many years of trial and error, all innovations and changes were brought to the ideal, you just need to choose what you need and do. it should not be difficult.
The instruction manual will help you keep it in perfect condition or fix the most common problems.
Also with an article about honda engines for tiller.