How to saw laminated chipboard without chipping
How to saw a furniture board without chipping. Sawing Laminated chipboard at home. Choosing saw blades and circular saw blades
You will also need additional tools for sawing:
Cutting Laminated chipboard is done in the following order:
- Marking the material. A ruler and pencil will be needed to mark the workpieces with a ruler and a pencil to draw dots on the sheet of material from the end. Then the dots need to be evenly spliced into one trimmer line and glued on top of the painter’s tape. A good way to cut Laminated Chipboard without splitting is by using tape, i.e. к. it helps reduce the number of cracks in the sheet material that result from excessive heat and heavy pressure. Sawing laminated chipboard.
- The next step is sawing Laminated chipboard. We choose what to saw the chipboard, and put the tool at the required angle, so that the sawed edges of the sheet were straight. Sawing Laminated chipboard and chipboard should be done as gently and as smoothly as possible.
- Plate processing. If the sawn chipboard at home is uneven on the cut faces, these must be machined with a belt sander. In some cases it is better to turn to companies that provide services for the production of furniture parts to order according to customer size and sawing laminated chipboard on special equipment. To veneer the edges of the parts, a special veneer end edging is used for processing.
Precision and quality
The panel cutting machines for cutting laminated chipboard and particle board produce a high quality cut so that subsequent cut processing costs (sanding, deburring, removal of chips and so on) can be reduced. That’s why these machines can be used to make cuts of any complexity and configuration, which means almost endless possibilities in furniture production. Fancy children’s furniture, comfortable computer desk tops, carved decorations in the doors of kitchen fronts. all these things are possible with the machines.
There are two kinds of panel cutting machines:
- Vertical machines are solid vibration-resistant welded frames set vertically at 50° to the rear with rails at the top and bottom on which the saw blade runs. It is the bracket for the saw unit, which slides up and down along the beam and rotates through 90°, allowing both vertical and horizontal cuts. The precision of the cut is astounding. Sawing laminated chipboard, as well as hard, corrugated or porous boards requires a special scoring unit. The saw blade rotates at up to 15,000 rpm;
- Horizontal saws consisting of a table for the plate, a carriage for moving the saw along the saw mechanism and the saw mechanism itself consisting of one or two cutting units. The cutting units themselves are equipped with a main saw and a scoring saw. The principle of operation is simple: the main saw penetrates deep into the board and the scoring saw precisely and accurately cuts the bottom edge (veneer or laminate surface). The saw unit can also be tilted up to 45°.
The mitre saw is a “domesticated” and greatly reduced copy of a horizontal machine. It is not suitable for cutting a wide sheet of chipboard or laminated chipboard, but it can handle small parts.
How to saw chipboard without chipping
In order to saw off evenly and without chips chipboard at home, you need to know some tricks. Without any doubt, it is better if you will be sawing with an electric jigsaw. Certainly, it is possible to saw with a hacksaw also, but the result will hardly please you, though it is possible to saw Particle board for various needs where the quality of a cut does not play any role. And so we need a good, straight cut. For this we take an electric jigsaw, a ruler, a tape measure and an angle bar for a right angle (if it is necessary), an awl or a sharp object with which to trace a fishing line for a trimmer on the laminate chipboard. We measure a part that will be sawed off with 1-2 mm allowance for further adjustment and attach a ruler, on it we guide with an awl or a sharp object a fishing line for a saw trimmer, try to press harder to cut through the laminate, and we saw along the line not along the line itself, but exactly along, only catching it with the edge of the saw.
Then we use coarse sandpaper to bring the edges of our saw cut to the desired shape, and if you are not satisfied with the quality of the sawn end, we use a wax chalk of the desired color, t.е. in the color Chipboard and grind up the chips. Let’s talk about jigsaws, I personally use BOSSNevski.
If you need to saw without chipping on one side only, you can use saws as a tooth up and down, I use small saws with a straight tooth they shear less and cut both sides pretty decent. It will be more convenient to finish a beveled edge with sandpaper if you put it on a flat bar. Furniture wax crayons and markers you can buy in furniture stores, where they sell fittings. If you can’t find the chalk in the color you want. No problem, you can make it from several others by mixing it like paint. Just melt crayons with a candle and drip on a plate, one color on it another, then roll into one and rub the edges with chips, remove the excess with a ruler or knife and polish rag gently, much pressure is not necessary.
How to cut chipboard without splitting
In order to saw evenly and splinter-free chipboard at home, you need to know some tricks. Without any doubt, it is better if you’ll be sawing with an electric jigsaw. Of course, you can saw with a hacksaw, but the result is unlikely to please you, although to saw chipboard possible for various purposes, where the quality of a cut does not play any role. And so, we need a smooth and beautiful cut. For this we take a jigsaw, a ruler, a tape measure and an angle bar for right angles (if it is necessary), an awl or a sharp object with which to trace a line for a trimmer on the laminate on the chipboard. We measure a part that will be sawed off with 1-2 mm reserve for further adjustment and apply a ruler, on it we guide with an awl or a sharp object the saw trimmer line, try to press harder to cut through the laminate, and we saw along the line not along the line itself, but exactly along, only touching it with the edge of the saw.
Then with coarse sandpaper we bring the edges of our saw cut to the necessary condition, and if you are not satisfied with the quality of the sawn end, we take a wax chalk in the desired color, i.e.е. in the color of particle board and grind up the chips. Let’s talk about saws for a jigsaw, I personally use BOSSNevski.
If you need to saw without chipping only one side, you can use saws as a tooth up and down, I use a small saw with a straight tooth they have less chips and saw cut on both sides is pretty decent. It will be more convenient to mill the beveled end with emery paper if you pull it on a flat bar. Furniture wax crayons and markers you can buy in furniture stores, where they sell fittings. If you can’t find a crayon in the color you want. No problem, you can make it from several other colors, mixing it like paints. Simply melt candle crayons and drop on a plate, one color on it another, then roll into one and rub the edges with chips, remove excess with a ruler or knife and polish with a rag gently, no need to press hard.
What you may need?
At furniture companies sawing Laminated chipboard is performed on special equipment. usually a machine with CNC, on the table of which a sheet of material is laid. Circular saw of such a machine makes a clean cut without chips. Format cutting blanks occur in mass quantities, and in addition to sawing in the production process for the processing of furniture parts uses additional tools and materials. Most trading companies provide services to the population on the sawing of purchased furniture boards, but some craftsmen prefer to do this work themselves. Sawing the material Laminated chipboard with their own hands at home is much more difficult. Hand sawing will require the craftsman to be careful and have certain tools.
It is best to saw laminated chipboard with a router or an electric jigsaw. The most productive cutting is done using a circular saw, but choosing the right blade for a clean cut is quite difficult.
Besides, a special work table with guiding edges is required for working with laminated chipboards.
When working with an ordinary jigsaw without experience, chipping is often formed on the material, as it is quite problematic to make a perfect cut with this tool. The sawing process can be made easier by attaching a bimetal laminate saw blade whose teeth are sharpened in the inner direction to the jigsaw. When working with a jigsaw, the feed speed of the saw blade must be kept low to avoid the appearance of cracks in the laminate surface.
Another way of sawing laminated chipboard is to use a hacksaw blade. A metal hacksaw with very fine teeth is the right tool for the job. To work, the blade will have to be prepared, that is, the teeth must be set at 0.5 times the thickness of the blade. The board itself must be made of a hardened steel grade. Not all power tools are suitable for working with laminated material. It is impossible to cut this furniture board qualitatively with an angle grinder, called an angle grinder. The rotational speed of this tool is very high and chips on the laminated chipboard will be inevitable, especially if you use a circular disk with a large diameter.
Rules of cutting
Laminated chipboard is made from waste lumber from hardwood and softwood, and the board is lightweight and used for furniture structures. Most home furniture makers give preference to laminated chipboard when choosing raw materials for furniture making. This material is relatively inexpensive, and retailers always have a wide variety of colors and textures to choose from. The difficulty in working with laminated chipboard is that it is very difficult to cut off a piece of sheet of the right size, because the fragile laminated layer creates cracks and chips in the place of sawing. Knowing some of the techniques used in the work helps to cope with this task.
To cut laminated chipboard, it is necessary to use a saw with fine teeth.
The shallower and more frequently arranged on the tool, the cleaner and smoother the finished cut of the laminated material will be.
For the accurate and quality performance of sawing work it is necessary to act in a certain sequence.
- On a sheet of Laminated Chipboard, you need to mark out a saw trimmer line, where a paper adhesive strip is tightly glued. Tape should prevent the teeth of the saw from splitting the laminate while you are sawing.
- Use an awl or a knife blade to create a groove along the cutting line. That way we cut through a thin layer of lamination in advance, making it easier for us to do our job while sawing. Moving along the groove the saw blade will move tangentially and cut through the deep layers of the chipboard.
- When cutting, it is recommended to keep the saw blade at an acute angle in relation to the working plane of the board.
- If the sawing work will be done with an electric tool, the feed rate of the cutting blade should be minimal, so that the saw can not vibrate and bend.
- After sawing is completed, the cut of the workpiece should be refinished first with a file and then with abrasive paper. The cut should be processed by moving from the center to the edge of the workpiece.
To protect the cut spot on the workpiece from further appearance of chips or cracks, it is closed by applying adhesive tape of melamine, or fix the end edges, which may have a T-shaped or C-shaped appearance.
After such a decorative masking not only improves the appearance of the board, but also increases the service life of the material.
Materials and tools
In the conditions of the woodworking company for sawing the sheet Laminated chipboard uses special equipment, which is called a format-cutting machine. Some private furniture workshops buy such a machine, but it is hardly advisable to install it at home due to the high cost. Such equipment can be replaced by home power tools. sawing chipboard can be done with a circular saw or a hacksaw. The sawing process will take quite a lot of time and effort, but from an economic point of view it is well worth it.
In order to make a straight cut without damaging the laminate layer, you will need to take a jigsaw saw with the smallest tooth size. It is practical to use an electric jigsaw for cutting small areas Laminated chipboard. Jerking and excessive pressure during work should be avoided. The cutting feed rate of the tool should be kept as low as possible.
This tool is quite capable of making even and square cuts without chipping the laminate surface.
This manual tool is used in combination with a metal blade, because it has the finest teeth. Before the work is done it is necessary to put sticky adhesive paper tape on the sawing area in order to protect the laminate from damage. The blade of a hand saw must be held at an angle of 30-35 °, such a position reduces the likelihood of chipping on the material. The movements of the hacksaw blade should be smooth, with no pressure on the blade.
After the cut is made, the edges of the cut must be trimmed with a file and fine grit emery paper.
This power tool consists of a small work table and a rotating toothed disc. A circular saw makes a cut in a chipboard much faster and better than an electric jigsaw. During the sawing process the saw should be run at low rpm. Chips can form on the opposite side of the saw teeth.
To prevent this, before starting the saw a piece of paper with adhesive tape should be glued to the kerf.
This is a hand-held type of power tool that is used for cutting and drilling wood panel. Before you start working in the Laminated chipboard with a hand jigsaw make a small cut, departing from the contour of the marking at 3-4 mm. Several cutter blades and its bearing device are used in the sawing process, which regulates the depth of cut. Using a router is not easy, so you need to have some skill in working with this tool in order to saw a slab. The movement of the cutter is quite fast, and there is a chance to make an uneven cut.
But with the help of a mill you can get a perfectly smooth cut of the material. the appearance of chips and cracks when using this device is very rare.
The hand-held tool is well suited for single pieces of laminated chipboard. For mass production it makes sense to buy a panel slicer and cutter.
How to cut laminated chipboard without chipping.
Before we start talking about the absence of chips when sawing Laminated chipboard and deciding what to saw with, let’s define what it means to saw without chips? Everyone has his own attitude to the number of them after sawing, someone a lot, and someone and a dozen just right. Therefore, let’s consider not one, but three types of home cutting Laminated chipboard, of which you can choose the most suitable. For obvious reasons we will not consider the use of expensive equipment designed for sawing laminated chipboard, this is the destiny of professionals. We are still fans of the furniture business, so we’ll use the appropriate tools.In the photo three parts, the upper was sawn with an electric jigsaw, the middle one with a hand circular saw (parquet), and the lower one was also sawn with a hand circular saw, but then processed with a hand router. Of course, in each case you can achieve different results, it’s all about experience and skill. But in general, the capabilities of the equipment in question produce roughly these chipping results on Laminated Particle Board.
In this case three things allow to get more or less good result of sawing.
- Guide. You should not make any fiddles with the guide rail for the electric jigsaw. An ordinary construction level and two clamps will do.
- Choice of jigsaw for laminated chipboard. The saw cuts the laminate layer and the particle board itself with its teeth, so the finer the tooth, the finer the chips. And the cutting speed is appropriate. The direction of the tooth up or down says only about which side of the workpiece will be chipped more, in the first at the top, and the second from the bottom.
- Control over cutting speed. If you feed the jigsaw too much, then the saw will bend and lead aside and the cut will not be perpendicular to the plane of the workpiece. After such sawing you don’t have to dream about gluing an edge.
Now let’s consider whether to “scratch” the laminate layer. It may be able to help, but only under the following conditions. Since it is not only on these layers that the saw chops, but also on the outermost layers of the chipboard, it is therefore necessary to “scratch” them as well. The width of the “scratched” line has to correspond to the thickness of the saw (if you make it narrower, it will stab, if you make it wider, it will leave a trace on the piece). The lines must be strictly on top of each other and the sawing must be strictly on the line. Think about how realistic it is to do it at home with your own hands, and the answer about “scratching” will be obvious.
Sawing laminated chipboard with parquet.
Chipping in this case is caused by the cutting teeth, but not only in the direction of the kerf, but also on the opposite side. (The vibration of the power tool does not allow to run the parquet perfectly straight resulting in misalignment of the disk relative to the kerf). The guide not only enables chipboard to be cut cleanly, it also prevents chips on the opposite side to the sawing direction. When choosing a disk for sawing laminated chipboard, pay attention to the number of teeth, the more teeth, the cleaner the cut.
Before machining furniture parts with the cutter it is necessary to saw them with a reserve of 3-5 millimeters on each machined side. Unlike the previous sawing methods, the hand router leaves a perfect cut surface. Chipping after such processing is rare, and it turns out to preserve the perpendicularity of the cut. So far we have considered only straight sawing, but when it comes to sawing various kinds of circles and roundings, there is no alternative to the jigsaw and router. The disadvantages of using the cutter can include the need for skills to work with it. We will talk about them in other articles.
How to Saw Particle Board Without Chips in the Home
How can I cut chipboard without chipping?
board. is the well-known particle board, finely milled and coated with a paper-polymer film. Laminating is carried out at a pressure of 25-28 MPa at 140-210 ° C. The coating is strong, beautiful, resistant to mechanical damage and thermal shock, which makes Chipboard very attractive for the production of furniture and interior decoration ,
Many home craftsmen prefer to make their own furniture and buy high-quality particleboard from construction stores or manufacturers. Fortunately, the shorter color range of laminated coatings makes it easy to choose the most suitable material. The surface texture also varies: it can be smooth, imitating wood or natural stone, embossed under the chamfer or wooden pore.
But to make your own hands a unique furniture or an exclusive interior, it is not enough just to buy particle board and cut it according to the patterns. Thin laminate has a brittle structure. Rough illiterate actions tear the cut, and deep sinks appear on the edges of the coating. To cut chipboard without chips and cracks, you need to know some techniques for working with it.
Rules for sawing laminated chipboard Chipboard
Cutting particle board at home can be done with a hand saw with small teeth, a circular saw, an electric jigsaw. To work smoothly, you need:
Through the sawing trimmer’s fishing line, fasten the adhesive tape tightly, which prevents the teeth from damaging the front of the pavement. Using a sharp knife, cut through the fishing line for trimmer sawing the laminated coating and the layer of wood underneath it. The saw thus cuts through the inner layers of the chipboard, acting only tangentially on the coating. The hand saw should be at a very sharp angle to the surface of the board. Cutting with power tools for minimal power work. On the resulting piece, with a sharp knife, cut a thin layer of edge cover at an angle of 45.6. Chop the saw cut with a small file, machining the cut in the direction from the edges to the center.
To ensure that the edge of the chipboard saw does not form chips and cracks during further work, it must be protected with special spacers. This can be self-adhesive melamine tape, C-patch, T-edge.
Cutting panels of particleboard and other materials
Sooner or later any DIYer has to cut a chipboard. It can be handmade furniture or wall paneling made of fiberboard or particle board. As you know, sawing particle board is very easy to make sawing smooth and chip-free. is not an easy task.
With your own hands or by order?
Individual sawing will be smoother
Quality sawing Chipboard is difficult to produce by hand because of the large size of the sheets. The standard plate size is 2440 × 1200, and that’s not the limit. However, if you often work with Particleboard or Fiberboard, it makes sense to purchase an expensive tool and work for your enjoyment. If you need to cut multiple sheets, you can go two ways:
- Cut the boards yourself using the hand tools available
- Have the chipboard cut in a specialized workshop.
- Tools and materials
- How to cut chipboard without chips?
- Cutting shapes
- What you can not see Chipboard
?? We cut chipless chipboard
In this video I offer the option of chipless sawing
, Without resorting to molding machines, immersed.
How to saw an electric saw without trimming
Sawing off chips on one and two sides, as well as what files to nail What. If you’ve ever tried to do chipboard sawing at home, you know for a fact that this job is not easy at all and requires not only skill, but also a good tool. Laminated particleboard in particular is difficult to process, often producing many chips when cutting. That’s why many craftsmen, faced with this problem, came to the conclusion that it is better to buy chipboard when buying, especially since many trade organizations provide similar services, and the price for them is quite acceptable. Sawing particle board is done using precision molding machines, which will help you get blanks of a given size and shape.
READ Why the saw heats up when cutting
Modern models allow you to cut flat materials not only horizontally and vertically, but also at an angle.
In addition to cutting sheets you can calculate and provide as a video file several options for cutting sheets competently and economically (using special computer programs) and, if necessary, perform the cutting. However, if for some reason you prefer to do this work yourself, before you see the EAF you will have to do some preparatory work.
Tools and materials
If possible, it is best to cut the particle board with a hand router, using homemade guides. This method is not very convenient when cutting large sheets, because a table is required when working with this tool. In addition, this method should often change the cutter. But you will end up with cleanly machined “jammed” edges.
Electric jigsaw. The most popular tool for sawing Wood particle board
Some craftsmen use a jigsaw in their work, but in the absence of skill, it is difficult to cut accurately and chips may be formed.
You can try jigsawing a bimetallic canvas with pointed teeth inward, designed for laminate. To make the saw cut with an electric jigsaw, increase the speed with a small amount of feed so that no tears form.
If these methods don’t work for you, we’ll prepare the sawing at home:
Aligning Sheet Wood Chipboard
After sawing, you need to eliminate that stock. that was left behind when the marking was done. The best way to do this is to use a router. But you can remove excess material with sandpaper. It is punched on a wooden block, which is easier to work with than loose sandpaper. Such processing allows not only to get rid of excess material, but also to smoothly grind an edge.
These steps allow you to better cut chipboard. But, if the owner wants to increase his chances of getting a good result, he can make the cut on the board using a guide bar. It is placed along the intended cutting line.
The shape cutter
Curvilinear surfaces of a given configuration to get at home is even more difficult, and you will have to spend extra money on a router, which will help you get rid of chips and jagged edges, formed when you cut the chipboard.
The price of a hand router can vary greatly, depending on the manufacturer, power, availability of additional functions. If you are not planning to engage in the production of furniture professionally, it is advisable to buy an inexpensive model.
To cut the chipboard, follow these steps:
- Having marked out the contours of the required part on the chipboard sheet, we cut it out with an electric jigsaw, trying to cut just a couple of millimeters away from the outlined cutting line;
- Make templates of the design radius from the Woodchipboard or plywood, and carefully sand the ends of them with sandpaper;
- After attaching the template to the part to be decorated, clamp it with clamps and process with a manual coping cutter with a bearing, removing excess material exactly to the planned line.
It does not matter which cutter (with two or four blades) is used. The only requirement is that the blades must be able to catch the thickness of the cut to be processed over the entire height. After machining, all that is left is to glue the edge onto the piece. How to do it. look at
What you should not use for sawing Particleboard
If the amount of work is large enough, and the quality requirements are low, some craftsmen advise sawing wood chipboard at home with a grinder (angular grinding machine, commonly called “angle grinder”). In doing so, they use a disk designed for working with wood. To make cutting easier, a guide rail is clamped along the cutting line. Sawing particleboard using an angle grinder can sometimes be seen in the video.
Important things to be aware of! This method is absolutely unacceptable, as a very high probability of injury at work, especially if large-diameter discs are used and the protective cover is removed from the grinder.