How to saw Laminated chipboard without chipping with a circular saw
What can you saw a tabletop, so that it was not chipped
Making kitchen furniture requires certain knowledge and skills. One of the difficult points in this area is the intricacies with Laminated particle board. And while a simple board or particle board can easily be sanded and coated with any material if necessary, laminated particle board already has a coating, and it is unlikely to be possible to replace it.
How and what to saw a tabletop without chipping at home, and what points you should pay attention to?
What tools to use?
If the question arises as to how to saw a tabletop, then first of all it is necessary to decide on a cutting tool, and most often several tools are used.
For example, using a circular saw, you can get a perfect result, but it is quite an expensive pleasure, because high-quality tools cost a lot of money. Therefore, this unit can be found mainly only in special factories.
angle grinder. has a similarity with the previous tool, but the result will be far from ideal. In the course of work with the angle grinder is possible formation of many chips.
Usually, to saw a countertop, the two main professional and interchangeable tools used are a jigsaw and an electric jigsaw.
Experts in the field of construction divide blades or, as they are also called, saws into two main categories:
In the case of countertop work, you’ll need the option that rips on one side.
Before you get down to the main work, you need to sharpen the blade of the tool well, so that no chips will not be formed in the process of work. With a sharpened blade, before you begin to directly saw the material, you need to make a groove, the depth of which will be about 2-3 mm. This will allow you to perform the work without injury and splintering.
How to saw chipboard without chipping
In order to saw evenly and without chipping Woodchipboard at home, you need to know some tricks. No doubt about it, it is better if you are sawing with the jigsaw. Of course, you can saw with a hacksaw, but the result is unlikely to please you, although it is possible to saw chipboard for various needs, where the quality of the cut does not play any role. And so, we need a straight and beautiful cut. For this we take an electric jigsaw, a ruler, a tape measure and an angle bar for a right angle (if it is necessary), an awl or a sharp object with which it is possible to trace a line for a trimmer on a laminate on the Woodchip board. We measure a part that will be sawed off with a reserve of 1-2 mm for further adjustment and attach a ruler, on it we spend with an awl or a sharp object a fishing line for a saw trimmer, try to press harder to cut through the laminate, and we saw along the line not along the line itself, but exactly along, only catching it the edge of the saw.
Then with coarse sandpaper we bring the edges of our cut to the right condition, and if you are not satisfied with the quality of the sawn end, we take a wax chalk of the desired color t.е. in the color of particle board and fill in the chips. Let’s talk about jigsaws, I personally use BOSSNevsky.
If you need to saw without chipping only one side, you can use saws as a tooth up and down, I use a small saw with a straight tooth they shear less and cut both sides pretty decent. It will be more convenient to mill the beveled end with emery paper if you pull it on a flat bar. Furniture wax crayons and markers you can buy in furniture stores, where they sell fittings. If you can not find the crayon in the color you want. No problem-it can be made from several others by mixing like paint. Simply melt crayons with a candle and drop them on a plate, one color on it another, then roll into one and rub the edges with chips, remove the excess with a ruler or knife and polish rag gently, strongly press it is not necessary.
Preparing the cutting tool Particleboard
Sawing particleboard can be done with a hacksaw. But in that case it is necessary to choose a tool that has very fine teeth. The use of an electric jigsaw is considered a more successful option. A fine-toothed saw should also be installed on it. The most successful tool for high-quality cutting of chipboard is considered to be a circular saw, but not everyone has this tool. That is why it is rarely used.
It will be possible to cut the board evenly only if you first put a marking on it. A sharp awl is used for marking. It is necessary to leave a small gap when making it. A gap of only 2 mm is sufficient. Do not be afraid that the cut piece of particle board will not meet the required parameters. Subsequently, you can get rid of the remaining stock without any problems.
Cutting the board Particle board
If the right tool is chosen and the markings are correctly made, there are no problems with cutting the chipboard. The most important thing is to move very slowly. Even when using a fine toothed saw sharp actions can lead to splintering. The chipboard must be cut through, without trying to partially cut through it. To break the material so that it does not have cracks will be impossible later.
After sawing it is necessary to remove the surplus, which was left when the marking was made. The best way to do this is with a router. But it is possible to remove the excess material with sandpaper. It is hammered on a wooden bar, which is easier to work with than a loose sandpaper. Such processing allows not only to get rid of excess material, but also to smoothly deburr the edge. Such actions allow the best way to cut Chipboard. But if the owner wants to increase his chances of getting a good result, he can make the cut on the board using a guide bar. It is set along the intended cutting line.
Sawing methods Laminated chipboard with no chips
Sawing can be done on a panel saw. But its If you need to saw laminated chipboard to make a few pieces of furniture for yourself, other methods are more suitable.
You should scratch a ruler with an awl or a nail to mark the trimmer’s line by the thickness of the laminate flooring. Sawing along this line, making sure that the saw’s tooth edges are exactly in the scratch. Sawing can be done with a jigsaw or a hand hacksaw.
Suitable for cutting a small section in length. The saw blade should have the smallest tooth size. Move the jigsaw smoothly, without pressure, with the RPM just above the medium setting.
On the side where the teeth are inserted into the board, there will be almost no splintering, and on the opposite side, if there is insufficient experience, they appear, but in small quantities.
You need a disk for a saw with fine teeth. With this method, long straight cuts will be more successful than with the jigsaw. No splintering will occur on the side where the teeth are cut into the board. If they appear, then on the opposite side, as in the case with the jigsaw.
Use of guide rails improves accuracy. The saw is better to fix it on the table.
Requires a large ruler (bar), which is fixed to the workpiece clamps. The first cut is made to undercut the laminate along the marked line. The bar must be set on a line, and the cut to a depth of 6-10 mm. there will be no chips.
The second cut is made through. There will be no chips at the line of entry of the teeth into the board, and at the exit point the laminate has already been cut, so there just can’t be any.
In this case, you should first saw the workpiece with a jigsaw, backing away from the marking line by 2-3 mm, and then align the trimmer line according to the template. Cutter should be with a bearing. With this method you can also cut curvilinear.
What is important to know
The most important rule in this case. the less thickness of your countertop, the more convenient it will be to carry out its cutting at home. For this reason, the ideal worktop has a thickness of 28 mm. When ordering worktops, be sure to allow for a small margin in dimensions. After all, at least 5-10 cm can be “gone” during your experimental sawing.
However, if you have never sawed a tabletop before, and you have absolutely no experience in this business, you are better off using the services of specialized firms.
What is important to know
The most important rule in this case. the smaller the thickness of your worktop, the more convenient it will be to cut it at home. This is why the ideal tabletop is 28 mm thick. When ordering worktops, always allow for a small overhang. After all, at least 5-10 cm can be “lost” in your test cut.
However, if you have never had to saw a countertop before, and you have absolutely no experience in this business, you are better off turning to the services of specialized firms.
Sawing with a panel saw
For sawing with the machine the workpiece is placed on the left stationary table up to the adjustable stop. Measure the required length. Starts the saw unit. When the disk reaches the necessary rotations, the table moves forward.
The workpiece together with the table is fed to the disk for sawing the required piece.
The most popular models are Mj 45kb-2, JTS-315SP SM, Woodtec ps 45, Altendorf F 45. Despite their different features, they have a common design.
Mandatory components of the nesting machine:
- The bed. the base on which all the mechanisms are mounted. The heavy duty frame eliminates vibration and oscillation, which is essential for a precise cut.
- Saw unit consisting of two discs. The first blade is located at the front of the unit and serves for pre-sawing the workpiece. The second. for complete sawing of the plate.
- Three working tables. The first is stationary, on which the unit is located. The second one, formatted, is sliding and it feeds the plate to the disk. The third supports the parts to be sawn off.
- The slide is the part that allows the format table to move.
- Stops and rulers that secure the workpiece in the desired position.
Depending on the model, price and cutting features of the machines may have different design nuances.
- A spigot that removes chips and shavings and connects to the dust extraction system;
- clamps for reliable fixation of the workpiece on the table;
- A swivel ruler and angular stops with which the cut is made at the right angle and without marking;
- frame with a stop leg for sawing long workpieces;
- ball and roller carriages.
The first format machine with movable carriage was assembled in 1906 by the German carpenter Wilhelm Altendohm.
How to saw laminated chipboard without splitting.
Before we start talking about how to saw laminated chipboard without splinters and decide what to saw with, let’s define what does it mean to saw without splinters?? Everyone has his own attitude to the number of them after sawing, for some people one is enough, and for others even a dozen is just fine. That’s why let’s look at not just one, but three types of home cutting Laminated Particleboard, from which you can choose the most appropriate one. For obvious reasons we will not consider the use of expensive equipment designed for sawing laminated chipboard, this is the destiny of professionals. We are still amateur furniture makers, so we will use the appropriate tool.In the photo three parts, the upper was sawn with an electric jigsaw, the middle one with a hand circular saw (parquet), and the lower one was also sawn with a hand circular saw, but then processed with a hand router. Of course, in each case you can achieve different results, it’s all about experience and skill. But in general, the capabilities of the equipment in question give roughly these results on chips on Laminated chipboard.
In this case three things allow to receive more or less good result of sawing.
- Guide. You don’t have to get fancy with an electric jigsaw guide. Will suit an ordinary building level and two clamps.
- Choice of jigsaw blade for laminated chipboard. The saw cuts the laminate and the particleboard with its teeth, so the finer the tooth, the finer the splintering. And the sawing speed is appropriate. Teeth direction up or down tells only about which side of the workpiece will have more chips, the first from the top and the second from the bottom.
- Control over sawing speed. If you feed the jigsaw too much, the saw will bend and move aside the kerf, and the kerf will not be perpendicular to the plane of the workpiece. After such sawing, you can’t dream of gluing the edge.
Now let’s consider whether to “scratch” the laminate layer. It may be able to help, but only if the following conditions are met. As the saw forms chips not only on these layers, but also on edge layers of the chipboard accordingly it is necessary to “scratch” them too. The width of the “scratched” line must exactly match the thickness of the saw (if you do it narrower. it will stab, if you do it wider. it will leave a mark on the workpiece). Lines must be strictly one above the other and the sawing should be strictly in line. Think about how realistic it is to do it at home with your hands, and the answer about “scratching” will be obvious.
Sawing laminated chipboard with a parquet saw.
Chips in this case are caused by the cutting teeth, but not only in the direction of the kerf, but also on the opposite side. (The vibrations caused by the power tool do not allow the wood flooring to be guided perfectly straight, thus causing the blade to twist in relation to the kerf). The saw blade guide not only cuts the chipboard squarely, it also prevents chips on the opposite side from the sawing direction. When selecting a saw blade for sawing laminated chipboard pay attention to the number of teeth, the more teeth the cleaner the cut.
Before processing the furniture pieces with the cutter it is necessary to saw them with a reserve of 3-5 millimeters from each processed side. Unlike the previous methods of sawing, the hand router leaves behind a perfect surface. Chipping after such processing is rare, and at the same time, it turns out to keep the cut perpendicular. So far we have considered only straight sawing, but when it comes to sawing various kinds of circles and roundings, there is no alternative to the jigsaw and router. The disadvantage of using a router is the need for skills in working with him. We will talk about them in other articles.
How to Saw Particle Board Without Chips at Home
How do I cut chipboard without chipping??
board. is a well-known chipboard, finely milled and coated with a paper-polymer film. Laminating is carried out at a pressure of 25-28 MPa at 140-210 ° C. The coating is strong, beautiful, resistant to mechanical damage and thermal shock, which makes the chipboard very attractive for the production of furniture and interior decoration ,
Many home craftsmen prefer to make their own furniture and buy high-quality chipboard in construction stores or from manufacturers. Fortunately, the shorter color range of laminate coatings makes it easy to choose the most appropriate material. The surface texture also varies: it can be smooth, imitating wood or natural stone, embossed under a shagreen or wooden pore.
But to make your own hands a unique piece of furniture or an exclusive interior, it is not enough to just buy chipboard and cut it according to the patterns. Thin laminated coatings have a fragile structure. Rough illiterate actions tear the cut, and deep sinks appear on the edges of the coating. To carve chipboard without chips and cracks, you need to know some tricks of the trade.
Rules of sawing laminated chipboard Chipboard
Cutting particle board at home can be a hand saw with small teeth, a circular saw, an electric jigsaw. To work smoothly, you need:
Through the saw trimmer’s fishing line, fasten the adhesive tape tightly, which prevents the teeth from damaging the front of the pavement. Using a sharp knife, cut through the trimmer’s fishing line to cut through the laminate coating and the layer of wood beneath it. This way, the saw cuts through the inner layers of the particle board, impacting the coating only tangentially. The hand saw should be at a very sharp angle to the surface of the board. Cutting with electric tools to work with minimal power. On the resulting piece, with a sharp knife, cut a thin layer of pavement edge at a 45.6 angle. Trim the saw cut with a small file, trimming the cut in the direction from the edges to the center.
To ensure that the edge of the chipboard saw does not form chips and cracks during further work, it must be protected with special spacers. It can be self-adhesive melamine tape, C-patch, T-edge.
Cutting panels of particleboard and other materials
Any homemaker sooner or later faces the need to cut Particleboard. This could be handmade furniture or wall paneling in Fiberboard or Particleboard. As you know, sawing particleboard is very easy to make smooth and chip-free. is not an easy task.
With your own hands or by ordering?
Custom sawing will be smoother
Quality cutting Particleboard is difficult to do by hand because of the large size of the sheets. The dimensions of a standard board are 2440 × 1200, and that’s not the limit. However, if you frequently work with particleboard or particleboard, it makes sense to buy an expensive tool and work for your own pleasure. If you need to cut multiple sheets, you can go two ways:
- Cut the boards yourself using the hand tools available
- Book a chipboard sawing job at a specialized shop.
- Tools and materials
- How to cut chipless chipboard?
- Cutting shapes
- What you can’t see Chipboard
?? We cut chipboard without chips
In this video, I offer the option of chipless sawing
, Without resorting to molding machines plunged.
How to saw an electric saw without cutting
Sawing without chip on one side and on both sides, and what files to nail What. If you’ve tried to do chipboard cutting at home at least once, you know for a fact that this job isn’t easy at all and requires not only skill, but also good tools. Particularly hard to work with laminated chipboard. cutting often results in too many chips. That’s why many craftsmen, faced with this problem, came to the conclusion that it is better to buy chipboard when buying, especially since many trade organizations provide similar services, and the price for them is quite acceptable. The sawing of chipboard is done with the help of precision molding machines that help you to obtain blanks of desired size and shape.
READ Why the saw heats up when you saw with it
Modern models allow you to cut flat materials not only horizontally and vertically, but also at an angle.
In addition to cutting sheets you can calculate and provide as a video file a few options for competent and economical cutting of sheet material (using special computer programs) and, if necessary, perform the cutting. However, if for some reason you prefer to do the job yourself, before you see the EAF, you’ll have to do some prep work.
Tools and materials
If possible, it is best to cut Chipboard with a hand router, using homemade guides. This method is not very convenient when cutting large sheets, because a table is required when using this tool. In addition, this method often has to change the cutter. But you will end up with a cleanly machined “jagged” edge.
Electric Jigsaw. The most popular tool for sawing Chipboard
Some craftsmen use a jigsaw in their work, but in the absence of skill, it is difficult to cut accurately and chips can be formed.
You can try to mount a bimetal canvas jigsaw with sharpened teeth inward, designed for laminate. To make a saw cut with an electric jigsaw, increase the speed with a small amount of feed so that no rips form.
If such methods do not suit you, then to prepare the sawing at home, we will prepare for the work:
Aligning the sheet The chipboard
After the cut is made, it is necessary to eliminate that stock. which was left when the marking was made. The best way to do this is to use a router. But it is possible to remove the excess material with sandpaper. It is punched on a wooden bar, which is easier to work with than the loose sandpaper. Such processing allows not only to get rid of excess material, but also to smoothly grind the edge.
These actions allow the best way to cut the chipboard. But if the owner wants to increase his chances of getting a good result, he can make the cut on the slab using a guide bar. It is set along the intended line of the cut.
How to make a formatting machine with your own hands
Assembling a table with a moving carriage is expensive, it will take a lot of time. The picture shows a diagram of a formatting machine.
The easiest way is to install a stationary saw unit on a solid table. Stages of the sawing device assembly:
- A solid table covered with smooth sheet material is installed.
- A circular saw is placed at the bottom on a hinged suspension. It is necessary that the working part of the mill through a slot in the table top can extend upwards.
- Dural profiles are used as guide strips. On the table top make a series of holes for installing workpiece clamps.
Curvilinear surfaces of a given configuration to get at home is even more difficult, and you will have to spend extra money on the purchase of another cutter, which will help you get rid of chips and nicks formed when you cut chipboard.
The price of a manual milling machine can vary significantly, depending on the manufacturer, capacity, availability of additional functions. If you do not plan to engage in the production of furniture professionally, it is advisable to buy an inexpensive model.
The following steps are needed to cut the particle board:
- Having marked out the contours of the required part on the chipboard sheet, we cut it out with the jigsaw, trying to cut just a couple of millimeters away from the planned cutting line;
- make templates of wood-fiber board or plywood of the design radius and carefully sand their ends with sandpaper;
- Applying a template to the part to be finished, clamp it with clamps and process it with a manual copy mill with a bearing, removing excess material exactly to the intended line.
It does not matter which cutter (with two or four knives is used). The only condition is that the blades must be able to capture the full height of the thickness of the cut to be machined. After machining, all that remains is to glue the edge on the part. How to do it. see at