Installation Of A Plow On A Walk-Behind Tractor Video
How to plow with a walk-behind tractor with a plow and a description In this article we will tell you how to plow with a walk-behind tractor with a plow, we will give instructions, we will tell you how to properly prepare a walk-behind tractor and a plow for plowing and cultivating the land
Instructions: how to plow with a walk-behind tractor with a plow
Now that the walk-behind tractor is ready for plowing the soil, the ground hooks are in place, we proceed to installing the mounted plow on the walk-behind tractor:
1. We fasten the plow with the hitch, while the fastening nuts are not fully tightened so that the plow can be adjusted later.
2. We fasten the hitch with the plow and the fastening shackle of the walk-behind tractor using two pins.
That’s it, the plow is installed on the walk-behind tractor and now you can proceed to its adjustment ().
In contrast to the preparation of the walk-behind tractor and the installation of the plow, the adjustment of the plow is a little more difficult and must be done efficiently, since if the plow is incorrectly adjusted, plowing the land will take you a lot of time and effort, and, unfortunately, the quality of plowing will leave much to be desired.
How to plow correctly with a plow on a walk-behind tractor, recommendations
Motoblocks make manual work easier for many owners of personal plots and gardens. The walk-behind tractor, with its correct operation, will become an indispensable assistant in your household. But not everyone knows how to properly plow with a plow on a walk-behind tractor.
Rather, they do not know how to properly prepare a walk-behind tractor and a plow for plowing and cultivating the land. Oh, it’s not so difficult. Check out our recommendations and you will succeed.
First of all, depending on the size of the cultivated area, you need to choose a suitable walk-behind tractor and a plowing tool. All walk-behind tractors are divided into three types:
- 1. Light motoblocks or cultivators with a weight usually not exceeding fifty kilograms. The power of the cultivator is from three to five horsepower. Designed for cultivating the land with a cultivator or cutter. The area of the cultivated area is up to six acres.
- 2. Medium motoblocks with a capacity of up to twelve horsepower and weighing up to one hundred kilograms. Plots of up to twenty acres are cultivated using a cultivator or a light plow.
- 3. Heavy walk-behind tractors with a capacity of up to thirty horsepower and a cultivation area of up to two hectares, as a rule, using a mounted plow.
Now that we have decided on the walk-behind tractor, we will learn how to properly plow with the walk-behind tractor. Small areas are best cultivated with a cultivator or cutter. The delivery set of light and medium motoblocks also includes cutters.
The technology of plowing the soil with their help is simple. Simply, the walk-behind tractor is placed on the edge of the section, an overdrive is turned on and, holding it, we follow it, turning 180 degrees at the opposite end of the section.
Plowing over a large area is quite another matter. Correct plow adjustment is very important here. Let’s assume it’s done correctly.
Then, at low speed, a control pass is made from one edge to the other of the site, on which we unfold the walk-behind tractor and perform the reverse pass. At the same time, we put the walk-behind tractor with the right wheel in the middle of the furrow that remained from the first pass. We closely observe the plow. Taking into account the tilt of the walk-behind tractor, the plow should stand perpendicular to the ground plane. If not, then adjust the plow again.
Then a second pass is made and the depth of the furrow is estimated. If the depth is too deep or too shallow, then adjust the plow. As a rule, when plowing with a plow, the depth of the furrows should be within 15-20 centimeters.
As you master plowing, when your furrows become even, you can increase the speed of the walk-behind tractor. Then the plow will roll off the soil more strongly, its surface will be flat, without lumps, and the plowing itself will go faster. This is how they plow with walk-behind tractors.
How to plow with a walk-behind tractor with a plow and a description
Before we begin to figure out how to plow with a walk-behind tractor with a plow, it is necessary to prepare the walk-behind tractor for plowing the soil:
- 1. To get started, move (roll) the walk-behind tractor to a level place on your site.
- 2. Prepare soil hooks and replacement axles.
- 3. Replace the wheels with tires on the walk-behind tractor with wheels with soil lugs, which are installed on replaceable (extended) axles.
Adjustment of the walk-behind tractor plow
- 1. First, place the stands under the walk-behind tractor, which should be specially prepared for this (2).
- We put the ground hooks of the walk-behind tractor on stands, and put the same stand under the support leg of the walk-behind tractor so that it does not lean towards the plow, that is, you need to balance the walk-behind tractor with the plow standing on the stands.
- 2. The height of the supports for soil hooks is determined by the depth of plowing the soil you plan to plow: if plowing before winter, then the height of the supports should be up to 20-25 cm, if you are going to plow in spring, then the height of the supports is less than 10-20 cm.
- 3. After the walk-behind tractor is balanced, use the adjusting bolts to tilt the plow body so that its heel is parallel to the ground (3).
- Figure 4 shows a properly adjusted plow with a heel parallel to the ground.
- 4. Next, remove the walk-behind tractor from the stands, set the carrier so that the control knobs are at the level of the belt. This position of the walk-behind tractor does not load the hands during operation and they do not get tired for a long time during operation. When all the plow adjustment operations have been completed, you can start plowing.
Before starting the main plowing of the soil with a walk-behind tractor, perform control plowing and evaluate whether the plow is correctly adjusted, what is the quality of the soil dumping and what is the depth of the furrow.
The ridge of the next furrow should lie close to the ridge of the previous furrow, that is, there should not be more than 10 cm between them (the ridges). Also, the subsequent furrow should not lie on the previous furrow with a bulk of soil. For this to work, the right wheel of the walk-behind tractor must not drive along the base of the previous furrow, but in the middle of its dump (the previous furrow) (6).
Plowing with a walk-behind tractor, selection
On how to plow correctly with a walk-behind tractor, we have given below. You will clearly see that the walk-behind tractor copes well with plowing not only the already repeatedly worked soil, but also virgin lands.
Attaching and adjusting the plow
Plows are attached to the walk-behind tractor couplings, different types of which have their own properties. Therefore, before installing the rider on the walk-behind tractor, it is necessary to carry out work to fasten it to the hitch. It must be secured with one pivot, while maintaining horizontal play (56). By fixing the hitch with two pins or removing the play, you can get a rigid connection, which is a mistake.
Further it is necessary attach the plow to the hitch, without tightening the fastening nuts all the way to start adjusting the swivel. This operation is best done with an assistant. When the attachment is attached, you can proceed to setting the plow on the walk-behind tractor. Adjusting the plow is more difficult than attaching it to the machine, but this process is very important, because if you adjust the plow by mistake, you will have to put more effort into plowing and it will not be of good quality. In order to adjust the baking powder on the walk-behind tractor, using stands you need balance plowing implement with plow. To do this, on the same wooden stands, the height of which depends on the desired depth of plowing of the earth, we put soil hooks and the support leg of the walk-behind tractor. This must be done so that the walk-behind tractor does not outweigh the attachments.
The next step is using the bolts for adjustment, tilt the plow bed in such a way that his heel is parallel to the ground. After that, remove all supports and adjust the carrier so that the handles are level with the belt of the worker plowing the soil. Thus, the hands do not get tired for a long time when working with the unit.
Final stage stabilization of the level of the plowing plane. The angle between the sharp end of the plow and the ground can be adjusted by re-bolting or using the adjusting screw. The second way is more convenient and practical. To do this, on a walk-behind tractor, standing on a plane together with an attached plow, it is necessary to unscrew the adjusting screw so that the blade of the attachment lies on the ground.
Then unscrew the screw in the opposite direction so that the rear of the plow is raised by 2.5 s. Above the ground, no more and no less. If this so-called angle of attack is too large, or vice versa, the walk-behind tractor will not plow as it should.
Unlike light ones, they boast a rear-wheel drive and are excellent for working on large areas (up to 0.5 hectares). Weight varies from 45 to 65 kg, the cost of such equipment, on average, is 10,00012,000 UAH. Engine power 4.512 hp from. Additional equipment can be attached to many models of medium-sized motoblocks.
- The presence of a headlight and two gears;
- The ability to attach a plow;
- In comparison with heavy equipment of this type, medium motoblocks are more mobile, turn easier.
Among the weak points of monoblocks of this class are the processing depth of up to 11 cm, which is insufficient for many crops.
How to properly dig the ground with a walk-behind tractor
A walk-behind tractor or mini tractor can become an indispensable assistant to any small farmer on his land plot. It does not require a lot of fuel, takes up a minimum of space, is easy to operate and solves a number of important tasks, one of which is plowing the land.
- Mini, medium or heavy?
- Mini, or light motoblocks
- Medium motoblocks
- Heavy motoblocks
Installation of ground hooks
First, you need to install soil hooks with a diameter of at least 50 cm and a width of 18 cm. Having previously prepared the insert axles, place the equipment on a surface where it will stand level. Then, on the extended axles, replace the tires with wheels with ground lugs. After installing the hooks, you can proceed to hanging the plow on the walk-behind tractor.
Mini, medium or heavy?
In order for plowing with a walk-behind tractor with a plow (plow) to be effective, it is necessary to choose the right equipment. When choosing a walk-behind tractor, it is necessary to take into account, firstly, the area of land that will be processed with it, and, secondly, the tasks that it must perform.
There are three types of motoblocks:
- Lungs (mini);
Let’s consider the main advantages and disadvantages of each of them.
They are suitable for professional land cultivation on plots of more than 0.5 hectares, since they have an engine power of 12 to 30 hp. From. And many superb functions. The cost of heavy motoblocks is at least UAH 12,000. The ability to mount a potato digger, trailer or plow is one of main advantages motoblocks of this type. They break through the soil easily and overcome the area many times faster than motor cultivators.
Heavy motoblocks have additional options: the ability to adjust the pneumatic wheel and steering wheel (above-below), reverse. Noticeable drawbacks are cumbersome, and therefore it is necessary to exert a lot of effort in order to turn the equipment; the need for reinforcement, since under high load, breakage of the cutter or rudder handle is possible.
Plow on a walk-behind tractor: adjustment parameters and step-by-step instructions
In the article, we will cover topics such as preparing the walk-behind tractor for work, correct
installation of a mounted plow on it. Also, how to properly adjust it, and in
conclusion tips for plowing the land.
The walk-behind tractor is an excellent assistant for the gardener when preparing the land for
further work. One attachment can replace many tools for plowing, loosening and other work.
Installing the plow attachment
There is nothing difficult to install. To do this, you will need:
- Fix the plow to the coupling device without overtightening the nuts. This is done so that in the future it would be possible to adjust the parameters of the plow;
- The hitch should be fixed together with the plow to the shackle with two fixing pins.
This completes the installation and you should proceed to the next stage of adjustment.
Adjustment is a very important step, as the quality of plowing depends on it and
the amount of effort expended. If the adjustment is incorrect, the walk-behind tractor will not be able to
to cope with their work efficiently and it will take a lot of time for simple
How adjustment is done
The exact adjustment of the plow for the walk-behind tractor is built according to three parameters:
- Depth of entry;
- Tilt angle.
For self-adjustment of the plow, the width is set along its edges. For the best
crushing and light cuts in the soil, its edge should be fixed at the same height with the hook for the soil, focusing on the inner side.
Read here what is better to use a walk-behind tractor or a cultivator in the country.
The depth is built after the walk-behind tractor is placed on the stands. They are installed steadily, without displacement towards the plow.
The height of the stands should be adjusted depending on how deep you plan to plow the soil. If this is plowing before the winter season, then the depth
choose about 25 cm.In spring, the depth is up to 20 cm.
After setting and choosing the depth, adjust the plow mount. The option is considered ideal when it is adjacent to the soil.
If this is the first experience in plowing the ground with a walk-behind tractor, then use a tension rope for a guide, since the first row should be straight, so that you can push off further from it.
You can also use the wheel for support, it is located to the left of the plow, and walks on uncultivated ground, thereby preventing penetration too deep and regulating the depth.
After installation, the walk-behind tractor is adjusted with special bolts so that the rear of the plow is parallel to the soil.
The last step in the adjustment is to remove the walk-behind tractor from the stand, set the steering wheel to the height of your lower back. This is done to reduce the load on the arms when
Preparation for use
The first stage when using a walk-behind tractor is its preparation, which consists in the following steps:
- Removing it on a flat surface.
- Preparing the hook for soil and variable axes.
- Removing wheels and replacing them with soil hooks.
After preparation, you should proceed with the installation of the mounted plow.
Recommendations for high-quality plowing of the land
- Change the plowing direction each time to prevent soil movement.
- To simplify the work, turn the steering wheel of the walk-behind tractor to the left, then you will go on unplowed soil.
- With petrified soil, work the ground twice: first time
shallow grip depth, the second time you need.
For high-quality operation of the walk-behind tractor, it is important to correctly install the plow and adjust it. These tips will help you with this. Also adhere to all recommendations for plowing the land.
From this you can visually familiarize yourself with the adjustment of the plow on the walk-behind tractor:
Plow device for walk-behind tractor
At 4, we can see the device of a standard plow for a walk-behind tractor. In some cases, plows have some differences, but basically most plows for walk-behind tractors have just such a device.
First, we will adjust the plow for the plowing depth. To do this, you and I will need two stands with a height of 12-20 cm, the height of the stands depends on how deep you and I will plow our land plot. If the plowing depth is 15-18 cm, then stands 15 cm high are needed, if the plowing depth is 20-23 cm, then respectively we take the stands 20 cm high.
You can use bricks or blocks as supports.
Assembling the plow and hitching the plow to the walk-behind tractor
The plow and hitch are the two main components you need to complete your plowing. To do this, it is necessary to assemble the plow and the hitch in one piece in order to install the plow on the walk-behind tractor and adjust it for plowing.
The plow is attached to the walk-behind tractor with a hitch. Since the couplings have different modifications and each model has its own differences, in some cases it will be necessary to carry out preliminary work on installing the coupling on the plow. When the hitch is installed on the plow, we proceed to hitching the plow to the walk-behind tractor.
Fastening the plow to the walk-behind tractor through a universal hitch ensures reliable attachment of the plow to the tow-bar of the walk-behind tractor, and also allows you to make a number of precise adjustments of the plow for plowing the soil.
Types of couplings for a walk-behind tractor
If we are using a universal hitch, as shown in 3, then I recommend not to fix the adjusting screw, leave the locknuts (A) loosened, we also loosen the locknuts (B) that fix the hitch to the plow post. Now we can start adjusting the plow.
Work with a walk-behind tractor
Let’s take a look at such issues of working with a walk-behind tractor as:
- Preparing the walk-behind tractor for plowing the soil on your land
- Assembling the plow and hitching the plow to the walk-behind tractor
- Adjustment of the walk-behind tractor plow for plowing the soil
- How to plow with a walk-behind tractor.
Preparing the walk-behind tractor for plowing
Plowing with a walk-behind tractor can be carried out only with the use of lugs, since the load on the walk-behind tractor during plowing increases several times, and the use of lugs greatly facilitates this process. First of all, you remove the transport wheels and hubs on which the transport wheels of the walk-behind tractor are attached. You can buy MTZ walk-behind tractors on the website pro-motobloki.Ru.
First step of plow adjustment and furrow cutting
Plowing depth and how to adjust it
The plowing depth is the distance the plow goes into the ground while working. You need to set the depth at the distance that the shovel bayonet takes. Otherwise, the following effects may result:
- If the depth is insufficient, most of the roots of the weeds will remain underground, which will require additional effort to remove them.
- If the depth is deeper than necessary, the fertile soil layer will mix with what is under it, and the plants will not receive adequate nutrition.
Therefore, it is necessary to adhere to the golden mean.
The depth is adjusted using the bolts that hold the plow shank and the lock together. Accordingly, by moving the plow up and down, this setting is carried out.
First furrow and blade angle
After the previous steps have been completed, it is time to make the final adjustment so that subsequent furrowing is easy. To do this, the walk-behind tractor is placed at the edge of the site, the plow is driven into the ground and the first furrow is passed. It is important to keep the line straight at this stage so that subsequent passes are also straight. A thread stretched on pegs or some other landmark can help here.
Then, with one wheel, the walk-behind tractor is placed in the furrow and the plow is oriented so that it is perpendicular to the ground, to do this accurately, use a square. If it is inconvenient for you to do this in the ground, place the walk-behind tractor on a flat surface, placing a stand under one wheel corresponding to the depth of the furrow. After that, the plow setting is considered complete and you can proceed to the second, third furrow.
Plow setting on heavy walk-behind tractors
The article considered the so-called light motoblocks, which are mostly used in summer cottages. But there are also heavy varieties. Their main differences are that the latter are many times more powerful and more cumbersome. They are also equipped with diesel engines. This choice is due to the fact that with the same volume in the operating speed, a diesel engine has more torque than a gasoline engine.
Installing and adjusting the plow for this type of equipment is no different from what was described above. The only thing worth noting is that the setting is best done by two workers, because the weight of heavy motoblocks sometimes exceeds 200 kilograms.
Installing the plow on a walk-behind tractor through a hitch
The hitch is what the plow is attached to to the hitch of the walk-behind tractor. They exist of two types: universal and stationary. Universal is more preferable for work, as it allows you to make some more precise settings.
The plow attachment is a fairly simple hitch for a walk-behind tractor takes its place on the hitch and is fixed with one shkvone.
Many people think that by securely screwing the plow onto the walk-behind tractor, the work will go easier and faster. In fact, the opposite is true. Due to the fact that during plowing the plow is acted upon by forces directed perpendicular to the plane of the blade, there is resistance, which strives to divert the entire unit to the side. With a rigid attachment, the worker has to exert efforts, literally pressing the walk-behind tractor into the ground. Therefore, it is necessary to leave a horizontal clearance of about 5 degrees.
Field board tilt
For those who already have experience in plowing the land with a walk-behind tractor, there is no need to explain what and how to do at this stage. Below is information for those who have encountered this lesson for the first time.
The slope of the field board, or as it is also called the angle of attack, the slope of the level of the plowing plane relative to the surface. Adjustment takes place by means of a screw handle.
The procedure is as follows:
- Install the walk-behind tractor with a plow on the stands that were mentioned at the beginning of the article.
- Unscrew the adjustment knob all the way so that the field board is completely flat on the ground, no gaps.
- Begin turning the handle in the opposite direction until the back is 2 to 3 centimeters above the ground.
If you make a mistake here, then there will be consequences:
- At a large angle of attack, the plow will turn into an anchor, the walk-behind tractor will constantly slip and move forward with difficulty;
- If the angle is small, the required soil layer will not be removed.
To check if everything is correct, it will be possible at the stage of plowing the walk-behind tractor should not rest or go too easily.
Adjustment and adjustment of the plow on the walk-behind tractor
Any owner of his garden knows what it is like to manually plow the beds and pull the weeds. To facilitate plowing, a plow is used. But using animal power or a tractor for a small area is costly and unreasonable. For these purposes, motoblocks are mainly used by Neva, MTZ, Oka, Farmer, Centaur. If it’s just a motor with wheels, on which various attachments are attached from carts to plows. Our step-by-step instructions will tell you about the latter, or rather about how the plow is adjusted on the walk-behind tractor.