Loader from a tiller do it yourself

homemade mower loader. simplicity

Types of replaceable cultivator nozzles

The cultivator for a motorcycle tractor can be equipped with various attachments.

They are divided into several types:

    paws. necessary for plowing the soil while removing weeds. There are several types of these attachments. Chisel attachments are designed to loosen the soil to a depth of 15 cm. Pole universal plowshares are used for continuous or inter-row plowing of the soil to a depth of 14 cm. Attachments of this type cope well with crumbling the earth and cutting weeds. One-sided flat-cut tines are designed exclusively for cutting large weeds;

loader, tiller, yourself

  • harrows. nozzles of this type are used for soil cultivation between rows and in protective zones;
  • feeding knives. used for loosening the soil in the aisles and simultaneously embedding fertilizers in the soil. The maximum working depth is 16 cm;
  • needle discs. designed to break the earth crust and kill weeds. The working depth is 4 cm, and the ground shift is 1–2 cm;
  • hillers. these attachments are used to cut ridges and destroy weeds in the aisles. Maximum processing depth. 16 cm:
  • irrigation irrigation ditches. used to prepare furrows for further irrigation. The depth of the furrows does not exceed 20 cm.

All replaceable attachments are fixed on the cultivator racks by means of a bolt connection. To extend the life of the equipment, you should regularly clean it of weeds and avoid contact with too wet soil.

Chassis

A wheel kit for converting special equipment into a mini tractor should consist of four wheels with a diameter of 12-14 inches.

Drawing 2. undercarriage

If you install wheels with smaller dimensions, then the mini tractor will bury itself in the ground while driving, and in the opposite case, the control will become more complicated.

Wireframe creation

You don’t need a lot of material to create a wireframe. At the same time, if something is missing, then analogs can be used. But the dimensions and properties should be similar. This is about:

  • metal. you need to prepare the corners, channel and square tube. For cladding, you need steel with a minimum thickness of 1.5 mm;
  • rotary device;
  • wheels and axles;
  • bearings;
  • tape measure, welding, drill, angle grinder.

The assembly is carried out only according to the scheme. you cannot deviate from it.

Once all the elements have been connected, it is necessary to check whether the installation was carried out correctly. To do this, you need to install the frame on the tiller. If everything became as needed, then you can continue to create a mini-tractor. if something went wrong, then you need to correct the shortcomings.

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Mounting the engine and hydraulics

The most profitable option for a homemade mini-tractor is the installation of a single-cylinder water-cooled diesel engine. It is profitable from an economic point of view, so the use of a unit based on it will not be costly. It is generally placed on the front of the frame so that balance is maintained when operating with optional equipment. In the place where the engine will be installed, a sliding fastening system is mounted. this will make the adjustment and tension of the belts easier.

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Power transmission from the engine to the rear wheels of the mini-tractor is carried out by a belt drive. Gearboxes and PTO transfer case can be borrowed from a truck, for example, GAZ-53. The motor is installed so that the PTO pulley is in the same plane with the pulley of the rear axle of the unit. At the same time, it is necessary to determine the place where the clutch pedal will appear.

After installing the engine, the hydraulics must be installed. It must include an oil pump, an oil tank, a hydraulic cylinder and a distributor. These elements are connected with flexible oil-resistant hoses. The best option if the hydraulics are floating.

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Frame creation

This is the main element of the design of the minitractor and it is with its manufacture that you should start. Thanks to the lengthening of the frame, an additional pair of wheels, seat and steering can be installed on it. For the manufacture of the frame, you will need metal pipes, a channel and a corner. The size of the section of the blanks is not of fundamental importance. The main thing is that the frame does not deform due to loads.

Weighting the entire unit will benefit him, because traction will improve. All material must be cut in accordance with the required dimensions and then welded into a rectangular structure. To strengthen it, the joints can be additionally reinforced with bolted connections.

It is also advisable to install the frame on a crossbeam to increase the rigidity of the entire structure. Then it remains to fix the suspension on the frame, a device for working with attachments. If a mini tractor will be used to move loads, you should also think about a towbar.

Required tools and materials

The first stage of the work consists in drawing up the drawing and preparing the equipment. The scheme of nodes and mechanisms, if you have the appropriate skills, can be developed independently or you can use the ones presented below.

As for the accessories, ready-made factory conversion kits are suitable. in any case, they are cheaper than the mini-tractor itself. But this option is suitable only for those who do not want to save on absolutely everything.

Making a homemade tractor will become impossible without:

  • angle grinder and discs.
  • Fasteners and hardware (bolts and nuts).
  • Channels and pipes with a metal base.
  • Drill coming with drill sets.
  • Welding equipment.
  • Tool kits.

You cannot do without two suitable wheels, together with a hitch and a driver’s seat, steering gear, pedals, and the tiller itself. It must have a sufficient power level.

Heavy class diesel tiller. ideal for a homemade mini tractor.

Frame and body

The material for the manufacture of the frame can be metal corners and pipes. For fastening various elements, it is better to use a bolted connection, which means that you will need a drill, as well as a welding machine, since you cannot do without welding. It is desirable to achieve an optimal ratio of frame weight and strength.

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Whether or not to make a body is a matter of taste. However, with a body, a mini-tractor assembled by one’s own hands, for example, on the basis of the “Neva”, looks more presentable, and besides, additional protection is created from the driver’s dirt and various components. For the body, it is best to use stainless steel.

Recommendations for choosing a tiller

  • Engine power. a more powerful tiller will be needed to handle a large plot of land.
  • Fuel. it is advisable to opt for models using diesel fuel. They are more economical and are great for working on large land plots.
  • Weight. the lower this indicator, the easier it is to control the tiller. However, if the unit is the basis for a mini tractor, then preference should be given to more massive models.
  • Cost. no need to focus on expensive units, because it is to save money that the tiller is purchased.

SAMODELKIN’S FRIEND

Homemade tractor front loader

Homemade tractor loader is designed for loading and raking bulk cargo (sand, gravel) Photos, drawings and videos of a homemade front loader are presented below. The homemade loader has permanent four-wheel drive. Lifan Lifan 15 hp engine with a starter. The hydraulic system is driven by NSh-10 (gear pump) R-40 distributor 2 x sectional. Frame and boom stand from channel 8. Bucket metal thickness 3 mm. Weight about 400-500 kg Length 1.9 m without boom, with boom 2.4 m, Height 1.3 m Width 94 cm.

The principle of operation of a mini-loader is exactly the same as on a large tractor, the boom is driven by an installed hydraulic cylinder, there is also a separate cylinder for raising and lowering the bucket. Two small hydraulic cylinders are additionally placed on the jaw bucket on the right and left sides of the metal bucket.

The torque from the engine is transmitted through a pulley system and the transmission is activated, as well as the hydraulic system of a homemade front loader.

Materials (edit)

  • Lifan engine 15 l / s
  • professional pipe of square and rectangular cross-section
  • bridges VAZ
  • wheels
  • hydraulic cylinders
  • hydraulic tank
  • pump NSh-10
  • sheet metal 3 mm

Tools

  • welding inverter
  • angle grinder (angle grinder)
  • drill
  • locksmith and measuring tool
  • set of wrenches

Photos of components and assemblies of a homemade loader.

SAMODELKIN’S FRIEND

Homemade tractor front loader

Homemade tractor loader is designed for loading and raking bulk cargo (sand, gravel) Photos, drawings and videos of a homemade front loader are presented below. The homemade loader has permanent four-wheel drive. Lifan Lifan 15 hp engine with a starter. The hydraulic system is driven by NSh-10 (gear pump) R-40 distributor 2 x sectional. Frame and boom stand from channel 8. Bucket metal thickness 3 mm. Weight about 400-500 kg Length 1.9 m without boom, with boom 2.4 m, Height 1.3 m Width 94 cm.

The principle of operation of a mini-loader is exactly the same as on a large tractor, the boom is driven by an installed hydraulic cylinder, there is also a separate cylinder for raising and lowering the bucket. Two small hydraulic cylinders are additionally placed on the jaw bucket on the right and left sides of the metal bucket.

The torque from the engine is transmitted through a pulley system and the transmission is activated, as well as the hydraulic system of a homemade front loader.

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Materials (edit)

  • Lifan engine 15 l / s
  • professional pipe of square and rectangular cross-section
  • bridges VAZ
  • wheels
  • hydraulic cylinders
  • hydraulic tank
  • pump NSh-10
  • sheet metal 3 mm

Tools

  • welding inverter
  • angle grinder (angle grinder)
  • drill
  • locksmith and measuring tool
  • set of wrenches

Photos of components and assemblies of a homemade loader.

Tiller blade

The dump is a necessary device that is needed at any time of the year. The front knife is used to clean snow, plan the area, dig holes and move bulk materials. Such equipment for the Neva tiller is of good quality, but not everyone can afford it. Do-it-yourself dumps require minimal financial investment. By installing the front knife on the Neva tiller, you can solve many household tasks. With levers and hydraulics, a homemade shovel can also be used as a loader.

To make a blade, you will need the following tools:

  • roulette;
  • welding machine;
  • electric drill;
  • Angle Grinder;
  • spanners;
  • acrylic paint;
  • barrel 200 l;
  • reinforced rubber;
  • sheet steel 5 mm;
  • profile pipe 40×20 mm;
  • paint and brush;
  • bolts and ties.

homemade mini loader first test

Before making a dump, it is necessary to calculate the correspondence of the power of the tiller to the size of the bucket. Excessive loading leads to rapid wear of parts and mechanisms of the unit. Depending on the weight and power of the machine, shovels are made 60-100 cm wide and 20-30 cm high.

Do-it-yourself snow removal homemade products for the tiller are made in the following sequence:

  • Marking the barrel, sawing it into 3 identical parts vertically. Cutting 1 piece into strips 5 cm wide.
  • Bonding 2 blanks with bitumen and rivets. Aligning the edges of the product. Bucket reinforcement with transverse struts.
  • Fastening of sheet metal strips along the edges of the shovel. This is done with welding or bolts.
  • Drilling bolt holes. Attaching a rubber strip to the bottom of the bucket.
  • Shovel hitch making. It is done by attaching a piece of pipe and a semicircle of sheet metal to the blade by welding. Holes are made on the sector to adjust the angle of attack. A self-made snow removal device is attached to the tiller bracket with an adapter from a profile pipe.

The finished product needs to be cleaned and painted. All bolted connections must be lubricated regularly to prevent corrosion.

Front loader from Tiller

What homemade products for a tiller can you do yourself

Homemade products for the tiller are invented and manufactured by almost all owners of this technique. The purpose of these actions is to expand the functionality of the unit with minimal financial investment. In the basic configuration, the cultivator has extremely limited capabilities. Installing various options on it can turn a small car into a full-fledged mini-tractor. Often, homemade devices are in no way inferior to factory-made counterparts. In order to improve the tiller with your own hands, a set of tools that are available in every workshop of a country house or summer cottage is quite enough. The materials you need can be found in a junkyard, in a barn or at a scrap metal collection point.