Recommendations On The Maintenance Of Dogs On The Street And The Choice Of Booths Or Aviaries For Dogs
Conditions of detention on the street.
Aviaries and booths are not placed near metal walls, buildings, protect from cold winds.
The lattice facade should be cut off from the floor by 5 cm for cleaning. With the maintenance of a large number of dogs, for ease of feeding and watering in the facade you can make a hatch with a latch and stand for the bowl from the inside. The hatch and the stand will be installed in the corner farthest from the entrance at a height of 20-40 cm from the floor, depending on the height of the dogs.
The dog should receive more high-calorie food, than when keeping in the room. In the cold season, the diet doubles, food is given warm.
A dog needs frequent contact with a person, a walk outside the territory of the cage (the smaller the cage – the longer (more often) the walk).
If the dog is washed, or it gets wet during the walk (work), it should not be immediately placed in an open-air cage – it is left for a while in a warm room, or it must be in motion until it dries.
Dogs that lived indoors can only be transferred to the street during the warm season.
An open-air cage is an open space, or a series of rooms, consisting of three blank walls and a lattice facade. For a medium sized dog, the minimum length of the enclosure should be two meters, width — one and a half meters, height — 1.7 meters minimum, so that the person can comfortably move inside the enclosure. If a series of enclosures is built, the walls between them are necessarily made solid – this is necessary to prevent the spread of infection in the event of infection. In addition, without visual contact, in isolated cages, dogs behave much calmer.
The floor in the aviary is left earthen or covered with fine rubble. You can use sand, but it should be noted that it is worse to pass moisture and odors at sub-zero temperatures. Part of the floor make the board, with a slight bias for the flow of water, or make a slit floor. When constructing a slit floor, you need to consider a drainage system (protected from the wind) to prevent water stagnation. It is necessary to provide a drain for rain and melt water and for washing the enclosure. On the flooring install booth. Over the flooring, or over the entire aviary, make the roof with a drain back or to the side.
The door to the aviary should open inward.
In front of the aviary you can build a walking street with a high fence. When constructing two or more walking hills, common walls at least 1.5 m from the ground are made solid.
It is necessary to provide for the possibility of undermining or jumping, including from the roof of the booth (aviary). Cells of the net-fence should be such that they could not get stuck paws dogs.
If the floor in the aviary is made solid (concreted), then in front of the aviary make a chute for the flow of water and sewage with access to the cesspool. On the territory of the enclosures gutter must always be clean. The cesspool is fenced from all sides with a high fence and equipped with an entrance for special equipment.
Due to the large variety of body sizes and proportions in dogs, there is no universal digital standard for dog kennel sizes. The size of the booth should be such that the dog could stand up to its full height inside and turn around. If you make the booth too large, in winter it will be cold in it, since the internal air volume is heated only by the body and breath of the dog there. Laz – the height of the dog at the withers. In the winter, you can fill the lazy light canopy. The floor of the booth is wooden, raised about ten centimeters above the ground or the general floor.
The preferred material for the booth is wood, in the southern areas you can use thick-walled plywood. The main requirements for the material: poor thermal conductivity, environmental friendliness and water resistance. Walls, floor and roof must be without gaps. The roof or one of the walls are removable for access to the inside of the booth.
In the cold season, the floor of the booth can be covered with straw.
A stand-alone booth is oriented to the cardinal points in the same pattern as the enclosures, unless special conditions otherwise require. In the aviary – Laz booth is oriented away from the facade.
In the conditions of the middle lane all year round dogs can be kept in open-air cages except for small and short-haired dogs. In the northern regions, such enclosures are suitable for aboriginal breeds (huskies), mountain (Caucasian Shepherd Dog, Tibetan Wolfhound) and for breeds accustomed to the continental climate with a large temperature difference at night and during the day (Central Asian Sheepdog).
A block is a metal cable stretched between pillars or walls. A chain is attached to the rope to which the dog is hooked. The chain can be replaced with durable synthetic materials. Cable length – no more than 25 meters. The cable is attached at a height of two meters from the ground, or according to the formula: height of dog at withers plus 50 cm. Chain weight: 1.5 kg per 40 kg of dog weight. In the case of the use of pillars, limiters are placed at the ends of the cable, which do not allow the dog to wind the chain on the pillars. The minimum distance from the pole to the limiter can be determined if the free end of the chain is applied to the base of the pole, and the other end is moved along the cable until the chain is fully tensioned, taking into account the deflection of the cable.
Near the block, you can install a booth or wooden lounger. Both the lounger and the booth are sure to be raised 5 to 10 cm above the ground.
A block, compared to a simple chain, gives the dog more freedom of movement.
A block and chain with a booth can serve as a guard post as well as a place for keeping dogs. The main disadvantage of these types of content – a long chain affects the psyche of the dog, physical capabilities, reflexes, health, and, as a result, the life of the dog deteriorate. She needs more attention than captive dogs, regular walks for at least two hours. For a guard dog on a chain or block should not exceed 12 hours