Requirements For The Enclosure And Dog House
The conditions of placing dogs have a great influence on the preservation of their health and efficiency. Dogs spend most of the day at their place of accommodation, where they rest, restore their energy spent in serving, in training and competitions. Deprived of the freedom of movement of the dog, being in adverse conditions of placement, easily exposed to various diseases. On the contrary, properly organized placement of a dog has a beneficial effect on the state of its body and effectively prevents colds, skin and other diseases. Therefore, the enclosure where the dog is located must meet certain zoohygienic requirements with respect to moisture, light, heat, and the gas composition of the air.
A place for building an open-air cage should be dry and distant from living quarters, canteens, kitchens, stables, pig houses, cesspools, hazardous waste production facilities, dusty and noisy roads, car parks, fuel and lubricants warehouses, boiler houses, manure storage, waste bins, toilets and other objects emitting harmful gases into the air and vapor. The best option is to remove the enclosure from these structures at a distance of at least 500 meters.
The most favorable sites are places naturally protected from cold winds and sun by trees, shrubs, etc., not submerged by rain and melt waters.
It is forbidden to place dogs with other pets (in pigsties, stables) and near them, due to the fact that the presence of hydrogen sulfide, carbon dioxide and ammonia in these rooms adversely affect the health and health of dogs.
Territory, where the dog is kept, it is equipped with lighting and is fenced with a solid fence 2.5–3 meters high, in order to prevent other animals and strangers from entering the territory, which may be undesirable irritants for dogs, as well as carriers of infectious diseases. In addition, the fence allows you to exclude the sting of strangers by the dog in case of its accidental exit from the enclosure.
Fencing The territories can be of various designs: reinforced concrete slabs, brickwork, boards from boards in a frame from a steel square, a wooden fence. It should not have gaps. To avoid undercuts by dogs and other animals, the fence may be reinforced with a metal comb in the form of a comb. A dense gate with reliable bilateral constipations is built into the fence.
Aviary serves to protect dogs from harmful meteorological influences (rain, snow, wind, high and low air temperatures, etc.)
and must meet the following minimum requirements:
– it should be convenient for a person to work;
– in the aviary should be a booth or a cabin with a booth;
– the enclosure must have protection from precipitation;
– the enclosure must have the following minimum area (see table), and the length of one side should not be less than two meters;
For each additional dog contained in the same aviary, the area of the aviary must be increased at least 1.5 times. Also the size of the enclosure increases at least 1.5 times with the content of a bitch with puppies.
These minimum sizes are intended for dogs that spend a significant amount of time in the aviary. But, for example, if a shepherd in the evening and at night freely moves around the protected area, then you can limit yourself to an open-air cage measuring 6 m2.
Floor should be with a small thermal conductivity, waterproof and durable, with a slope from the side walls (partitions) of walking to the center and towards the facade. It can be concrete, and better asphalt, because the cement floor is colder, which can lead to rheumatic diseases of the limbs in dogs. In these cases, it is necessary to use wooden flooring with a minimum area of 2.0 x 1.5 m.
A good option would be the presence in the aviary wooden floor. When making a wooden floor (flooring), pay special attention to the quality of the material: it must be a tongue-and-groove board – a floor batten (not less than 35 mm thick), well-groomed, free from glazing, no falling knots, and no signs of rot. The use of core boards is not allowed. Pay attention to the presence of reinforcing lag under the floor – the floor should not sag and stagger. In the manufacture of the floor should ensure the presence of a ventilated space under the floor of at least 50 mm, which prevents the penetration of parasites and moisture from the soil, provides greater durability of the floor. If there is a desire to enclose the bottom of the aviary with stone, brick, etc., then it is necessary to leave the ventilation holes. Before laying the floor batten should be treated on all sides with a wood-protective anti-putrid impregnation in two layers. The floor rail is fixed on the logs with the help of screws – screws, the use of nails is not allowed.
Fences – walls. At least one side of the aviary should be lattice and provide a dog with an overview. It is strictly not allowed to use mesh as fences, as dogs can ruin their teeth, trying to bite through it, dogs can also “knock out” a wicker net. For lattice fencing no compromises are allowed – only pipes. The recommended pipe pitch is 100 mm for large dogs, 50 mm for small dogs. All metal elements should be welded and cleaned. There is no burrs on any metal elements (door, feeder, pipe joints, etc.). All metal elements must undergo a complete painting cycle: cleaned of rust, primed, enameled with hot painting. Do not use galvanized pipes and powder coating pipes, because no confidence in their safety. When purchasing an enclosure, make sure that the metal elements are primed.
For fencing other walls it is possible to use various materials: flat slate, metal sheeting, cladding boards.
The most justified in terms of comfort is the use of wood panels. In this embodiment, a dry cladding board with a moisture content of 10–15%, projected from 4 sides, at least 20 mm thick and having a tongue-and-groove joint, is used. Requirements for the board: high-quality progrog, no wane, no non-cohesive (falling out) knots, no core cracks. The sheathing board should be treated on all sides with two layers of wood protective anti-putty treatment. Fastening of the boards should be done using stainless screws, with preliminary reaming of the holes (otherwise, when screwing in the screws, there is a split of the board, into which moisture gets and the process of wood decay begins). The wooden elements of the walls should not be in contact with the soil (concrete, asphalt or other ground of the open-air cage or cap of the open-air cage).
As a rule, the front side of the aviary is equipped with a door and a feeding trough.
a door should open exclusively inside the enclosure and close well from the outside and inside with a secure constipation. It is recommended to have eyelets on the door for padlocks.
Manger serves for setting in the aviary food and water. The feeder is located at a height of 200-300 mm from the floor, has a turning mechanism and a valve for fixing in the closed position. This trough provides safety when feeding dogs to unauthorized persons (for example, when the owners leave).
Roof. For the roof it is allowed to use any roofing materials: sheeting, metal tile, soft roof, ondulin, etc. The main thing is that the reliability of the roof system corresponds to the type of roofing used and the wooden elements used are of high quality (wood quality and quality of processing). Please note that in the manufacture of the roof is not allowed to use nails.
Booth. A kennel booth is installed on the territory of the enclosure so that the dog can take shelter from the cold, wind, heat, and just relax.
Booth size it’s important. In regions where there are significant negative temperatures, the rule is: more is not better. The booth must be sufficient for the dog to enter, turn around, lie down and no more. In regions with a more temperate climate, this rule can be neglected.
To determine the size, take measurements from the dog and calculate the required dimensions using the instructions below. If you have a puppy, then you will find the size of an adult dog in the relevant directories or find out at the dog training club.
– measure the area (length and width) that the dog is in a sleeping position – these are the minimum dimensions of the booth. To determine the height – you need to know the height of the withers.
– You can "estimate" the size of the parameters, as in the figure to the right.
Laz is best done on the wide side and offset to the side wall. For large dogs, a manhole is enough 40-50 cm X 35-40 cm. For medium and small dogs, the manhole size may be smaller.
Practice has shown that the following booth sizes are optimal for many dogs: