Why You Can’t Cut the Apple Tree

Apple trees can decorate any garden. These trees can be planted near the house, as they carry only positive energy. But there are signs according to which the owner should not independently cut or uproot the apple tree.

Why you can’t cut an apple tree in your garden

Esotericists consider the apple tree a tree with very powerful positive energy. She gives people a charge of vivacity, good mood. Being in the apple orchard is a great pleasure. In the old days it was believed that a person who planted this tree near a house would find happiness.

Unfortunately, apple trees are not eternal. Old, diseased trees cease to bear fruit, do not look very attractive, so the question arises of the need to cut them. But there is a sign according to which the owner should not delete the tree on his own. Neglecting this rule can lead to illness of a person or members of his family, trouble or even death.

To prevent luck from leaving the house, uprooting or sawing off, you can chop an apple tree only after it begins to dry. If the tree has become less fruitful, damaged by pests or lost its decorative appearance. this is not a reason to get rid of it. You can cut a drying apple tree, but an outsider must do this. You can invite a neighbor or relative, hire a worker. The main thing is that those who live in the house or work in a summer cottage should not cut down the tree.

Why You Can’t Cut the Apple Tree

Sawing an apple tree in your garden is a bad omen

It has long been believed that you can not chop the top of the apple tree, as this can lead to loss of health. Cut off living branches. lose happiness in family life. People believed that the intentional spoilage of young apple trees could lead to blindness.

Video: Why You Can’t Cut the Apple Tree


All the old signs in the modern world have lost their relevance. Such beliefs originated among the Slavs, and at that time it was customary to associate your life with the life of trees. When a person was born, relatives planted a tree in honor of the newborn. Perhaps, for this reason, chopping apple trees in your own garden was considered a bad omen.

Other signs and traditions

There are many other signs and traditions regarding sawing trees. For example, fruit trees cannot be uprooted and sawed at the new moon. This sign has a rational explanation. In certain phases of the moon, the movement of sap in the trees increases. Having cut the apple tree in the new moon, later it will have to be dried for a very long time in order to use it for firewood.

In Germany, for a wedding, the newlyweds not only beat the dishes, but they must also cut the log. This tradition has a deep meaning. The bride and groom need to understand that building a strong family is a lot of work. For everything to work out, you need to support each other and act together. You can start training already at the wedding. It will be possible to cut the log only if the newlyweds join forces.

Sawing logs. a common wedding tradition

There is such a sign, in addition to the apple tree, there are several more trees that also cannot be cut. The same goes for willow. if it grows with someone, it is better to invite someone and pay for the cabin, as it is believed that this person will soon go to the forefathers and this is not verified by isolated cases.

Ivan

https://touch.otvet.mail.ru/question/91136556

Actually, the apple trees are cut. A bad omen. Apple trees have been growing for decades, you won’t get them back in a couple of years, and gradual pruning can achieve the desired result.

Alexander

https://www.prokoni.ru/forum/threads/dela-sadovye-kak-sdelat-tak-chtoby-jabloni-ne-plodonosili.127423/

Sawing an apple tree in your own garden is a bad omen. This ancient belief has already lost relevance, but many people still take it into service. According to tradition, only a dried tree can be uprooted and sawed off, and not one that has become less fruitful.

How to Properly Sharpen a Saw on a Tree

How to Properly Sharpen a Saw on a Tree

A sharpened hacksaw for wood saws itself. this will be confirmed by any professional carpenter or joiner. If you do not agree with this, then it’s time to sharpen the tool.

Sharpening a hacksaw for wood includes setting the teeth of the saw. To do this, there are special ways, as well as improvised tools.

Content:

Saw layout

Tooth pliers

Tooth pliers are a good tool. Its cost can be compared with the price of a hand saw: 300-500 rubles. It is very convenient to use, the removal of the tooth of the saw to the side will be what you need.

Wiring for a hacksaw. It’s also a good thing and is inexpensive. the average price is around 100 rubles. The design is elementary: several slots and an adjustable goniometer. The tooth is inserted into a suitable sized slot, and wiring is carried out by pressure on the handle. The set goniometer ensures uniform wiring.

Wiring for a hacksaw

Technology is simple: the blade is inserted between the two teeth and the ax is turned, the teeth are bent to the sides.

Ax setting

The wiring of the saw can be done with the help of a self-tapping screw. It is safer. To do this, you need a long screw. to make it more convenient to hold. Before work, it needs to be slightly modified. It is necessary to slightly sharpen his hat on one side. to make it flat. This is necessary so that when it is applied to the tooth, it does not slip and does not deform the latter.

The hacksaw lies flat on soft wood (pine, spruce). Holding the screw by the leg, put it on the tooth with a hat and hit it with a hammer. Tooth bends. The operation is carried out through the tooth. After the saw blade is turned over, and the operation is similarly repeated.

Tooth set with a self-tapping screw

Sharpening process

For sharpening, the saw needs to be firmly fixed so that when exposed to a file, it does not vibrate. Otherwise, the quality of work will be low.

They fix the hacksaw blade vertically, often in a vice, in makeshift clamps, but if there is neither one nor the other, then you can do without them.

The fixing method without special devices is “on the edge of the workbench”. The hacksaw blade is laid so that only the saw teeth hang from the edge of the table. However, the handles of the saw are always thicker than the blade, and therefore the place next to it cannot be put tightly to the workbench. Therefore, you need to use the corner of the table, and then the handle of the saw will not interfere.

Видео: How to Properly Sharpen a Saw on a Tree


If there is a clamp, you can fix it like this.

And this is a method without a clamp, fixing is done only by the hand of a sharpener. It is quite convenient and safe.

Fixing a saw without a clamp

A file or file is taken in the right hand, and, pressing the blade of the hacksaw with his left hand, proceed to sharpening.

To sharpen the teeth of a saw through one. The file movements with this method produce a roll down. A file is applied to the sharpened tooth and is moved downward with an effort downward.

The file must be kept inclined in two planes. In horizontal. it is about 30 degrees. In the vertical. about 60 degrees. The tilt angles are individual for each saw, because they can differ both in the shape of the tooth and in its size.

Sharpening the left side of the tooth.

Sharpening the left side of the tooth

Sharpening the right side of the tooth.

Sharpening the right side of the tooth

Here’s what should happen: to the right of the file pointer are the machined teeth, to the left is not.

To the right of the file pointer. machined teeth, to the left. no

Used tool

Since the saws differ in shape and purpose, their teeth are different. And in order to sharpen a hacksaw in a quality manner, you need a different tool.

Triangular file with one working side. The profile of this tool is not standard, if on a regular triangular file all sides are equal and working, then this needle file has one working side, and its shape is an isosceles triangle with a very large base.

With this triangular file with one working side, it is convenient to process small or oblique teeth. During operation, it acts only on the surface to be treated; on others, it only glides. There is no risk of grinding off an adjacent tooth.

Plain triangular file. A compact tool that handles most standard wood hacksaws conveniently.

Normal triangular file

Triangular file. Perfect for sharpening saws with a large tooth.

What should happen

When sharpening, you need to ensure that the hacksaw’s teeth are sharp and resembled a shark tooth in shape. Only such a tooth is good at sawing. the hacksaw will not slide on the tree, but will “bite” into it. And then it will become clear why the “right” saw is cutting itself.

VIDEO: How to quickly and easily file a hacksaw with a file

How to quickly and easily file a hacksaw with a file

How to sharpen a saw on a tree: a simple step-by-step instruction | (A photo & Video)

Feedback from our readers is very important to us. Leave your rating in the comments with the reasoning of your choice. Your opinion will be useful to other users.

Which Sander Is Better For A Tree

The farm often has to grind something, clean off the old paintwork. Most work with wood. Few manufacturers sell ideal products. Is that a joiner. And if there are perfectly crafted boards, then their price is such that inevitably you want to polish them yourself. Even taking into account the fact that the work is tedious and uninteresting. Therefore, a wood grinding machine is one of the tools that should be in the home arsenal.

Types, purpose, features of work

There are different types of grinders that perform one type of work, but with different results. There is a tool for rough (preliminary), medium (intermediate) and fine (finish) grinding. Part of the tool can even perform polishing.

Which Sander Is Better For A Tree

Wood polishing machine can be of different pitch, size, performance

To choose a sanding machine for wood, you first need to decide what type of work you need it for. For coarse sanding. leveling irregularities, differences in height. one type is suitable, for finishing sanding. bringing to the ideal. another type. over, both tasks can be solved using different types of equipment.

UShM. angle grinder

The well-known angle grinder can also be used for sanding wood. She copes well with the rough grinding function. Of all the possible tools, this is the most productive. If it is necessary to quickly smooth out large wooden surfaces. polishing the floor, walls, log houses. this is the job for angle grinders. Minus. the surface is very uneven, it takes a long time to align all the holes and humps. If it still “passes” on the log house, then for any carpentry work the result is unsatisfactory. If only there is an opportunity to purchase another tool, it is not worth using a angle grinder for polishing wood.

Red emery circles are used for wood. this is a special abrasive

For the angle grinder there are special nozzles for polishing wood. The best option. petal or disk circles with sandpaper of different grain sizes. When installing them, the working plane is below the protective cover, it is safe to work, you can move in any direction. Carefully handle places with protruding hats of nails and screws. We lower the tool from above, we carefully move. A sharp movement easily breaks the grinding wheel, so be careful.

By changing the granularity of the grinding wheels used, it is possible to carry out coarse and medium (intermediate) grinding. Work takes less time than if any other wood sander is used. But on bringing to a flat surface it may take more time, since, with a lack of experience, there will be more flaws.

When sanding wood, sandpaper clogs, the speed decreases. In addition to reducing speed, there is another sign. the smell of burnt wood. It is not necessary to change the drive immediately; you can restore its performance. To do this, we grind the metal for several seconds. Everything adhering. resin, wood fibers, dust. burns out, the surface is cleaned, the processing speed increases again. This focus, by the way, can be used with other grinders.

Such a nozzle is used if you need to quickly change sandpaper

If you often have to clean and change circles, a Velcro nozzle is installed on the angle grinder. Replacing sandpaper is much simpler and faster. unfastened / stuck. second thing. But working with the nozzle is more dangerous. Due to its height, the grinding area is above the level of the protective casing; it does not fulfill its functions. During the start, it happens that an unreliably fixed circle flies off, or even the nozzle itself. They have a small weight, injuries are not serious, but it is an injury anyway. The angle grinder helps to reduce risks with a smooth start, but, nevertheless, you need to work with gloves, protective clothing with tightly buttoned sleeves, boots that cover your legs, and safety glasses.

Belt sander

It is called this because sandpaper has the shape of a tape that continuously moves with the help of rollers. Therefore, such a sander for wood is also called "endless".

The wood belt sander is designed for roughing and intermediate surface leveling. By installing sandpaper with finer grain, medium-purity treatments can be achieved. This is enough for carpentry that does not go with painting. To bring to perfect condition you need a grinder on a tree of a different type. over, to eliminate long longitudinal scratches, it will be necessary to carry out stepwise grinding, changing the grain size several times. the scratches remain deep.

Belt sander is good if you need to remove the old coating. paint varnish

What makes a wood belt sander good? She has a good performance. The tape on it is installed in such a way that one side can be polished close to the wall. What are its flaws? Due to the design, not at all points you can "get it." For example, corners, shaped grooves, grooves and other small parts. It is not always possible to "crawl" between two parts (when processing a railing, for example). Another drawback is that most of the belt grinders have a solid mass, it is difficult to work with them on weight, sanding vertical surfaces. But on the horizontal plane. they are the most productive.

The following disadvantages are the high noise level, not the biggest grinding spot. It makes so much noise that working without headphones is extremely uncomfortable. Why is there a small spot of grinding, because in appearance it is quite large? Even with a large width of the tape, it polishes only in the center. the part in front and back is not used due to the fact that it is raised for feeding on the rollers.

It can be turned into a grinding machine

There is a belt sander for wood features in the work. To reduce the depth of the furrows that it leaves, you need to drive it along the fibers. Finishing then takes less time. And yet. if during the work you gape and leave the machine for a long time in one place, a solid "hole" is formed. Despite this, it is the most efficient wood grinding machine that is often used.

Видео: Which Sander Is Better For A Tree


Orbital (eccentric)

The wood orbital sander has a round sole with Velcro, on which sandpaper discs are attached. The discs are the same as for the angle grinder, so they are interchangeable. There are holes in the sole of the machine to remove dust. Dust is collected in a bag, a cassette-type container, almost all models allow you to connect a construction vacuum cleaner.

Eccentric grinding allows you to process curved surfaces

The work of an eccentric sander on wood is based on the simultaneous rotation and movement back and forth (reciprocating movements). This achieves a fairly good speed for intermediate and finishing wood processing. During the work of AL-KOI grindings of this type, the platform moves in a spiral or orbit. Therefore, this tool is also called orbital sander.

Eccentric grinders are good at processing curved or shaped surfaces. the machine is small in weight, makes little noise, it is easy to control, the angle of the disk allows you to reach recesses, cuts, etc. With all this, she also processes large planes at a good pace. When installing sandpaper with coarse grain can be used for coarse and intermediate grinding. The speed is less than that of the tape, but also quite acceptable. There are such machines with different radius of movement (eccentricity). from 3 to 8 mm. Selecting this parameter and determine the main purpose (more on this below).

There are small and compact, there are powerful, decent dimensions

The disadvantages of this type of machine are the inability to process in the corners. The round platform simply does not enter there. Still. at the edges there is a zone of uncertain grinding. close to a wall or a vertical surface, it will not be possible to grind.

Vibrating

The sole of the vibratory sander can be rectangular or triangular. When working, it makes circular motions with a small amplitude. it vibrates, which gave the name to this type of equipment. This wood sanding machine is used for finishing. for varnishing or painting, but has a low productivity.

A vibrating grinding machine for wood with a rectangular surface allows you to process large areas, but with its help it is not possible to polish the wood near vertical planes and walls. it begins to beat against the obstacle. Triangular in this regard is more suitable for working in corners and inaccessible places, but you still can’t bring it tight to the wall.

Vibrating machine used for finishing

Another disadvantage of vibrations is the so-called “lamb”. If a grain of sand or another solid fragment gets under the surface, it leaves small circles on the wood. “lamb”. Removing these traces is difficult. It is necessary to use sandpaper of an increasingly smaller grain size, gradually removing scratches. But if in the process something falls under the sole again, the process repeats again. Therefore, before work, the surface is thoroughly cleaned and a vacuum cleaner is usually connected. for quick and timely removal of extraneous fragments.

Oscillation

Strictly speaking, this is not a grinder, but it can be grinded. over, those places that are not available for other types of machines. corners (even sharp), places directly at the vertical walls. For grinding, a triangular platform of a special form is mounted on the tool, on which sandpaper is fixed on a self-adhesive base.

It looks like a multifunctional renovator, in which there is a grinding function

During operation, the platform moves in a horizontal plane with a very small amplitude. the vertices of the triangle deviate by about 1.7 ° (this is an average of 2.5 mm). Due to this small movement, grinding takes place. Such a machine can be sanded in corners and close to vertical surfaces. over, it is possible to remove not only wood, but also smeared and dried glue. In general, the oscillation machine is used for finishing grinding in hard-to-reach places. due to low productivity and grinding spot, it is unrealistic to process with it more or less large surfaces for a long time.

What type of grinder to choose

To summarize, we can say that ideally, two grinding machines are needed for housework and construction. for rough and fine finishing. Most often, a pair is used. tape-eccentric. If you plan to make furniture, then you can’t do without oscillation.

If you do not like the result of the work of belt grinding, you can purchase two orbital with different eccentricities. For rough grinding, a tool with an eccentricity of 6-8 mm is suitable, for finishing grinding and even polishing. 2-4 mm. The only disadvantage of this solution is that good eccentric grinders are expensive.

If the budget is limited, and the farm has an angle grinder (angle grinder), rough grinding can be done using it, and for intermediate or finishing use orbital or vibration. Just keep in mind that vibration is the least efficient, albeit the cheapest. If possible, buy an orbital one. it is more universal and gives better results.

Technical Selection Criteria

Any tool is divided into classes that differ in their working resource (and price). So a wood grinding machine can be domestic or professional. Households are designed for short continuous work with breaks. Basically, they recommend working no more than 3 hours a day, periodically taking breaks of 15 minutes.

Professional models are designed to work for 8-12 hours, breaks are rarely needed or not needed at all. The working resource of such a tool is many times more. For this, durable and reliable (read. expensive) materials are used. In addition, the performance of such equipment is much higher, as a rule, there are more adjustments.

To choose a machine for polishing wood, you need to pay attention to the technical parameters

When choosing, the first thing you have to decide is what class your car should be. I must say that some manufacturers and household class can be quite good, and some also have semi-professional lines. This is an intermediate class, as a rule, for private use it is optimal in terms of price / quality combination. Some models are even used by professionals.

General selection options

Although wood grinders are different, there are common points to pay attention to when choosing. Here they are:

  • Power consumption. This is a proxy performance indicator. The smallest wood sander has a power of 120 W, the most powerful. about 1.2 kW. But the power also depends on the type, so the tape is usually more powerful, because it requires more effort to stretch the tape, and also the energy is spent on the compressor, which removes dust from the working area. So the power of the grinder must be compared for the same type of models, but not for different ones.
  • Cord length. Everything is simple here. The longer the cord, the more mobile the tool.
  • The presence of rubber pads on the handles. They contribute to a more comfortable grip of equipment. The pens should fit well in the hand.

Vacuum cleaner connection pipe

The speed controller is located on the handle

These are common points to pay attention to. Now about what is important for different types of grinders.

Tape

When choosing a belt grinding, you need to look at the following parameters:

    The length and width of the tape. The width of the tape is from 6 mm to 100 mm. A narrow web can handle small parts; a wide one increases productivity. The length of the tape depends on the model. Of course, the longer the tape, the longer it works without replacement. When buying a second belt-type grinder, try to find a model with the same length. less consumables are required.

The width of the tape may be different

Extra grip for tighter control

You also need to pay attention to how convenient it is to change the tape. There are also models that allow you to quickly change brushes. Sometimes replacement brushes are even included.

How to Remove Varnish From a Tree Angle Grinder

Modern technology allows old furniture to give a second life. Craftsmen manage to completely repaint it. But for this it is necessary to prepare pieces of furniture to prepare for this process, removing the previous coating. This is a time consuming process that must be completed correctly. Otherwise, the material can be irreparably damaged. How to remove old varnish from a wooden surface is the main question that we will try to answer in this article.

How to Remove Varnish From a Tree Angle Grinder

Varnish Removal Options

There are several ways to remove the old layer of varnish from wood: mechanical, thermal and chemical. They should be used depending on personal preferences and the condition of the material itself.

Mechanical way

The most common method of removing varnish from furniture or other objects is mechanical. It consists in performing looping, that is, mechanical removal of the old coating using various tools. These include:

  • slightly sharpened metal plate;
  • sandpaper with varying degrees of graininess;
  • angle grinder with a special nozzle.

By all of the above methods, they process surfaces on which a small layer of varnish or paint is applied. Using electrical appliances, care must be taken not to overdo it or damage the structure of the tree.

The positive characteristics of mechanical processing include the complete absence of chemical compounds that adversely affect the human body. The structure of the material itself is also preserved. One has only to carefully grind, and get an almost brand new element of furniture. To shortcomings is a rather long and exhausting process, which requires considerable efforts and patience. Especially if you do not use the technique, but do it all manually.

It is worth considering that when grinding or grinding, a lot of fine dust is formed. Therefore, it is necessary to carry out work in a mask and goggles.

Execution technology

Let us consider in more detail how to remove varnish from a tree mechanically. So, for starters, we stock up on materials:

  • wooden block;
  • sandpaper of varying degrees of abrasiveness;
  • brush with metal bristles.

The process should begin with the preparation of the product. If this is a piece of furniture, then you should first disassemble it into separate elements for ease of work. Then we perform the work according to the following instructions:

  • perform rough processing of the old varnish on the surface with a metal brush;
  • then take sandpaper with coarse grain, pre-fixing it on a wooden block, and gradually remove the old layer with longitudinal movements over the area of ​​the product;
  • after the varnish is completely removed, change the emery paper to another with fine abrasion, and carefully sand the surface to a perfectly smooth state;
  • finally, thoroughly clean the wooden object from fine dust and proceed to other types of work.

Please note that when processing surfaces with a large area, for example, with a parquet board, it is better to use looping machines.

Видео: How to Remove Varnish From a Tree Angle Grinder


Heat treatment

Removing varnish from a wooden surface can be done thermally. The process is carried out by heating the varnish layer. As a result of the increase in temperature, the paint material melts, and its adhesion to the wooden surface decreases. This method has several important nuances:

  • Work must be done carefully. It is necessary to use it in special gloves that will protect the skin of the hands. The room must be ventilated so that there is no accumulation of toxic and carbon monoxide gases during processing. You should also think about glasses for protecting the eyes, since removing the varnish with a spatula can form fragments that can accidentally damage the organs of vision.
  • Sometimes during heat treatment, the coating does not melt, but begins to char. In this case, it is better to choose another method for removing varnish from the tree. This lacquer coating is best removed by chemical flushing.

Important! Be sure to adhere to all the necessary fire safety rules.

On video: removal of factory varnish.

Heat Treatment Instruction

Before you remove the varnish from a wooden, for example, door by heat treatment, you should decide on the tools that are used in this process. Experts advise to pay attention to two of them:

1. At home, very often use a gas or gas burner. This is the best option, so it is affordable, its price is not high and the cost of refueling also does not cause difficulties. The disadvantage of this method is the increased degree of fire and burns. That is, to work as a burner in the event that there is at least a little experience.

2. A more modern way is to use a hair dryer. Work with it is quite simple. The temperature that a hair dryer can produce reaches 600 0 C.

The heat treatment process is very simple. To begin with, a certain part of the surface is heated until bubbles appear, and then it is gently pryed off and removed with a metal spatula. The advantage of the above method is the high processing speed, but requires some skill.

After removal of the coating by heat treatment, the surface must be sanded with sandpaper. We pay special attention to the end parts of objects.

Chemical way

Let’s talk about how to remove old varnish from wooden surfaces through chemical treatment. This method is often used when removing varnish from wooden objects that have an uneven texture. To implement this process, different chemical compositions are used: powder, gel, liquid and solvent.

It is advisable to use the tool to remove the old coating in the form of a liquid if up to three layers of paintwork are applied to wooden objects. It is justified by the fact that the remover for varnish from wood has a high degree of volatility, and it is not able to quickly and deeply absorb into the layers of paint.

The best option for washing items that have a multi-layer old coating are gels and varnishes. But powders are best used when performing work with a large area of ​​the treated surfaces.

Advice! Washing in the form of a powder will work more efficiently if a small amount of water is added to it and brought to a pasty state. Gel and powder cleaners can wash up to ten layers of paint in one application.

Flushing technology

Now we will tell in detail how to remove varnish using chemistry. We note that it consists of four stages. And with any of them, you should adhere to a high degree of protection of the skin, eyes and respiratory organs. Here is an example of how to remove varnish from a wooden door:

  1. Using ordinary paintbrushes, a uniform wash is applied to the door surface. Application should be made so that the product on the surface was applied only in one layer.
  2. Work is underway to enhance the effect of dissolving the varnish and preventing the evaporation of the composition. To do this, experts recommend "wrapping" the door with a plastic film. The time for which it is necessary to leave the door in this condition is about 3 hours. If the number of layers is large, then the solvent can be extended to 4 hours.
  3. It is necessary to remove the dissolved layers of varnish with a metal spatula. In order not to damage the structure of the tree and not leave a large number of dents, a spatula for such work should be prepared. Its edges need to be sharpened a little to round them. Do not press the spatula too much.
  4. It is necessary to wash off the remnants of chemical solvents from the door surface. Use ordinary water for this. For the best effect, rinse the formulations with vinegar in a ratio of: 5 parts water 1 part vinegar. Work should be done carefully, but in a short time, after which the product is covered with a new varnish.

Most often, achieving the desired result at a time does not work. In this case, the process must be repeated. If, after the first treatment, insignificant patches of varnish remain, then they can be removed using sandpaper.

This method of removing varnish from a wooden surface can be used for both large elements and small ones. For example, you can wash off the acrylic varnish from decorative interior items or remove the varnish from the lining in the bath. Wash off chemical varnish with chipboard is not recommended, since chemical elements can ruin its structure. Only wood products are suitable for this process.

In all the above technologies for removing old varnish from wood, there are no special difficulties, which allows you to perform the process yourself. But the work must be performed with all the necessary precautions. If there is no self-confidence, then it is better to entrust this business to professionals.

How To Make A Hole In A Tree Without A Drill

Tips for drilling metal, wood, concrete

When drilling holes in a metal with a hand drill, the drill is usually jammed. To fix this defect, a wooden cork, previously hammered into the hole, will help.

Drilling a hole in a thin metal sheet will not be difficult if you clamp it in a vice with a wooden block. The most inconvenient thing is to drill thin metal sheets. They continually strive to break out and injure the drill driver.

Cut yourself a “shovel” from steel with a convenient handle. Fasten the workpiece with clamps to the upper surface of the “shovel”.

Those who have tried know that a large-diameter drill will “break” the hole, and it will be uneven. Place a piece of rubber or a rag folded in several layers under the drill and start working. The hole will be flat.

To cut blind holes in the part, you can use a piece of a round file clamped in an electric drill chuck. In order not to damage the back wall of the part, the working end of the file fragment should be slightly rounded on an emery wheel.

Drilling a radial hole in a metal bar or tube is very difficult. Especially if you are trying to do it with a hand drill. This task can be facilitated in this way: in a wooden block, drill a hole of the corresponding diameter, insert a pipe there and calmly drill, without fear that the drill will slip.

If the blind (non-through) hole in the metal part is filled with paraffin, then the thread cut on it will be clean.

Drilling a large hole in the board at home is very difficult, because the shank of a large drill cannot be clamped in the chuck of a hand drill. A hole with a diameter of 15 to 40 mm can be made using a simple device consisting of a metal rod and a hacksaw of the right size piece of cloth. Its cutting edges are sharpened at an angle of 45 degrees, inserted into a longitudinal slot previously made in the shaft, and soldered or fixed with a wedge that is driven into the slot.

A person experienced in experience will never begin to drill a round log before reliably fixing it. He knows that, without taking precautions, most likely he will not be able to drill a hole exactly along the intended path, and besides, he might lose the drill.

Place a spring of 1.5-2 cm long between the handle and the “slider” in the wood hand drill, and even with sudden movements of the “slider”, a finger that accidentally is between it and the handle will not pinch.

When drilling large diameter holes (20-30 mm) in a tree, the required drill or perk may not be available. In this case, first drill a hole of a smaller diameter, and then insert a flat steel washer (preferably a new one) into the rotary chuck and pass the hole again. This method is also applicable for countersinking holes.

If you need to drill a lot of holes in wooden parts at right angles, then take a cube of solid wood, drill a reference hole in it with great accuracy. And then use this conductor to work like this. A cube put on the drill will serve at the same time as a limiter of the drilling depth.

Corking capsules from lemonade or beer is a good substitute for a drill, when it is necessary to drill compass needles in the wood holder, then reduce the risk of breaking it when the fiber material or plaster has a hole with a diameter of about 20 mm. Pierce the plug, put on the bolt, securing with two locknuts, and drill.

It is difficult to make a hole in layered plywood, it splits. Take the steel tube of the desired diameter, grind the cutting edge inside with a round file and cut the teeth with a trihedral file. Insert a wooden cylinder with a nail without a hat inside the tube. During operation, the end of the nail, protruding 1-2 mm, is the guide.

So that when drilling small parts from sheet material they do not scroll, we recommend that sandpaper be placed under them.

If you fix a drill with a diameter of 0.8-1.1 mm, you will drill holes of small diameter in a tree, textolite, and plastic.

There are many devices for cutting holes of large diameter in sheet material. plastic, plywood, chipboard, etc. You can use the design: a bracket bends from a strip of steel with a thickness of 2-3 mm, its ends are screwed in, and a hole is drilled in the center, then the bracket is put on a bolt with a sawed-off head. For operation, the device is clamped in the chuck of an electric drill.

Cutting a large hole in the sheet material can be done in a simple way: clamp a nail (it will serve as an axis) and a piece of drill (it will be a cutter) in a vice. The circumference is cut through the rotation of the sheet around the axis.

A circle of any diameter from plywood can be cut precisely, accurately and quickly with a wooden plank and two pointed nails driven into the plank.

The pencil sharpener cutter (sold separately) can be used with success for boring holes in wood and plastic. It is fixed in an electric drill cartridge and the edges of the hole are machined.

A potato peeler in the hands of a craftsman is an almost ready tool for processing rounded holes in plywood. You just need to sharpen its cutting edge.

When drilling a board or plywood, remove burrs at the same time, for which string several rings of dense felt onto the drill.

It is easier and faster to drill concrete with a carbide drill sharpened asymmetrically. However, we still recommend planning and starting holes with a drill with a usual sharpening.

When drilling holes in the ceiling, crumbs of concrete and plaster scatter in all directions, get into the eyes, behind the collar. Make a funnel from a spring wire, cover it with plastic wrap and put it on a drill.

Видео: How To Make A Hole In A Tree Without A Drill


If you drill a concrete or brick wall made in a tin can from under a shoe cream, dust will collect in it, and will not fly into the room.

If you didn’t have a drill for drilling concrete, you can replace it with a punch from the Dream Settlement set. Inserted into the drill chuck, it takes concrete well.

When drilling a hole in concrete or brick, the drill will last longer if it is periodically wetted with water. It is convenient to use an elastic plastic bottle as a water tank.

When drilling holes in the wall, the drill is very difficult to keep in a strictly horizontal position. Attach to her
the case with electrical tape is a small level or a bubble replacing it, and the matter will be greatly simplified.

If you need to drill a through hole in the wall, and the length of the drill is not enough, what should I do? Try this operation in two steps: on one and the other side of the wall. Having drilled a hole at the intended point, put a magnet in it. Then use a compass to find the drilling point on the opposite side of the wall. The compass needle will not be mistaken.

how drill concrete a wall with a conventional drill not a hammer drill?

How to drill a concrete wall with a conventional drill? such a question was probably asked by the master when they had to hang shelves, cornices, etc.

Concrete is a strong material, therefore it can be drilled extremely poorly. How to do hole in the wall without a drill. How to drill a concrete wall. Hole in. Even how to drill a wall in a prefabricated house, the task can be thought to be unsolvable.

Although, if you know certain secrets, this common rumor process you greatly simplify.

Choose a tool

What you need, the first question that a home foreman should ask himself is not how to drill a concrete wall with fittings, but with what. The main assistant here will be a puncher, because it is intended for stone not concrete. Despite this, even powerful drills can not cope with a wall with a width of more than twelve cm. How to drill a hole in the metal. Although if we talk about foam concrete, it is preferable to drill, as the punch simply break it.

The quality of the drill also determines whether it will be possible to drill a hole in a concrete wall.

One of the best options is to use drills designed specifically for the impact drill. Their working part is essentially a plate made of strong metal. Using these drills, the question of how to drill a thin concrete wall is resolved.

There are also diamond core drill bits. How to make the right hole, make a hole without a drill and punch. I make holes without a drill and a deep hole in how to make. They are very strong, use them in special drilling rigs, so they do not cost enough. Therefore, they solve the problem of how to drill a hole in a concrete wall at home, it is impractical no less.

Crown application

Often you need to get a large diameter hole in the wall for a wall outlet. How to drill a bearing wall and then? Then the crowns are used, in which there are metal solders around the circumference. Crowns are found in different sizes, but the 68-centimeters, which are designed for sockets at this time, remain the most popular. How to make a hole in the speed of the drill, the third way involves doing without. How to make a hole in glass, a hole in glass without a drill. When working with these parts, the hammer must turn off the shock mode.

There are such crowns and also for drills. How to drill a hole in a tree without a drill. Alas, they have a different type of spraying. from a tungsten carbide alloy. It is convenient to use them, since it is quite possible for her to drill a hole in a concrete wall without drilling a hole in a tile at the same time. Such crowns are used only with powerful drills.

How to make a hole without a do-it-yourself drill at home

Healthy advice remains for our client here :. Pain treatment c.

Boers. an additional device than drill concrete the wall. How to drill a hole in a concrete wall with a puncher. how to drill hole in a brick wall. Their diameter is diverse. Experienced craftsmen advise you to make a selection, starting from the diameter of the dowels.

We drill concrete with a perforator

What is needed, how to drill hole in a concrete slab using a hammer drill? The procedure is simple:

  • the drill switches to shock mode, then drilling begins; the tool must be kept strictly at a right angle;
  • after a couple of weeks, the drill is moistened with water, this will help to avoid overheating;
  • if it is possible to drill a reinforced concrete wall, the drill, without turning off the device itself, needs to be removed;
  • in order to clean the hole obtained from dust, a drill is launched several times there.

Can’t drill a wall? Has the puncher run into something solid? So, you need to try to make a hole somewhere else.

The content of the article

How To Make A Hole In A Tree Without A Drill

  • How to drill a hole in a tree without a drill
  • How to choose a drill
  • How to drill granite

The easiest way to obtain such holes is to use an awl with a diameter of 1 to 3 mm. It is easy to make an awl from a thick needle or even from cutting a piano wire, whose length is about 5 cm. The needle or wire is first hammered into a piece of hardwood for half the length, a handle is subsequently made from this tree. The end of the wire remaining outside is sharpened by 3 or 4 sides. A well-made awl acts in this case as a drill, piercing the wood, it rotates and it cuts and twists the wood fibers, and does not just push them apart.

DIY drill

Small-sized hand drills are best suited for this operation, the likeness of which can be made independently. To do this, two shoelaces and a handle are attached to the rigid axis, which can be a steel or wooden rod, and a sharpened clove from the bottom. In the middle of the rod you need to fix a heavy flywheel, which will act as an inertial battery. In order to bring this drill into action, the laces are manually screwed onto the rod, and then, having set the carnations in the right place, press the handle. The rod rotates and the stud drills, the pressure on the handle is stopped when the laces are completely untwisted. The flywheel rotates by inertia and winds them again on the rod, and then it stops and you need to press the handle again. Viscous wood species may not succumb to such a drill, as the drill will bind and slow down.

Do-it-yourself screw drill

For the construction of a screw drill, a rotation mechanism from a children’s top is well suited. Instead of a cartridge, a pencil holder for a compass is well suited. When the engine with the same thread is lowered by hand, the screw axis of the drill starts to rotate. The head of the drill with such a mechanism of action must necessarily rotate on the axis freely.

If there is no top at hand, the screw of such an action can be bent independently. To do this, you need a strip of steel, one end of which needs to be fixed in a vise, mounted on a machine or on a table, and the other end to be fixed in a manual vise. When rotating a manual vise, the strip is evenly twisted into a screw, on which a wooden slide with a pre-drilled hole is then mounted. In order to prevent the engine from experiencing difficulties when passing the helical surface of the strip, the strip is heated and, passing in this state along the engine, a thread is made on the strip. To make a hat, a small wooden ball is suitable, in which a hole is made in diameter slightly larger than the diameter of the screw.

How to Sharpen a Hacksaw on a Tree

How to Sharpen a Hacksaw on a Tree

A sharpened hacksaw for wood saws itself. this will be confirmed by any professional carpenter or joiner. If you do not agree with this, then it’s time to sharpen the tool.

Sharpening a hacksaw for wood includes setting the teeth of the saw. To do this, there are special ways, as well as improvised tools.

Content:

Saw layout

Tooth pliers

Tooth pliers are a good tool. Its cost can be compared with the price of a hand saw: 300-500 rubles. It is very convenient to use, the removal of the tooth of the saw to the side will be what you need.

Wiring for a hacksaw. It’s also a good thing and is inexpensive. the average price is around 100 rubles. The design is elementary: several slots and an adjustable goniometer. The tooth is inserted into a suitable sized slot, and wiring is carried out by pressure on the handle. The set goniometer ensures uniform wiring.

Wiring for a hacksaw

Technology is simple: the blade is inserted between the two teeth and the ax is turned, the teeth are bent to the sides.

Ax setting

The wiring of the saw can be done with the help of a self-tapping screw. It is safer. To do this, you need a long screw. to make it more convenient to hold. Before work, it needs to be slightly modified. It is necessary to slightly sharpen his hat on one side. to make it flat. This is necessary so that when it is applied to the tooth, it does not slip and does not deform the latter.

The hacksaw lies flat on soft wood (pine, spruce). Holding the screw by the leg, put it on the tooth with a hat and hit it with a hammer. Tooth bends. The operation is carried out through the tooth. After the saw blade is turned over, and the operation is similarly repeated.

Tooth set with a self-tapping screw

Sharpening process

For sharpening, the saw needs to be firmly fixed so that when exposed to a file, it does not vibrate. Otherwise, the quality of work will be low.

They fix the hacksaw blade vertically, often in a vice, in makeshift clamps, but if there is neither one nor the other, then you can do without them.

The fixing method without special devices is “on the edge of the workbench”. The hacksaw blade is laid so that only the saw teeth hang from the edge of the table. However, the handles of the saw are always thicker than the blade, and therefore the place next to it cannot be put tightly to the workbench. Therefore, you need to use the corner of the table, and then the handle of the saw will not interfere.

Video: How to Sharpen a Hacksaw on a Tree


If there is a clamp, you can fix it like this.

And this is a method without a clamp, fixing is done only by the hand of a sharpener. It is quite convenient and safe.

Fixing a saw without a clamp

A file or file is taken in the right hand, and, pressing the blade of the hacksaw with his left hand, proceed to sharpening.

To sharpen the teeth of a saw through one. The file movements with this method produce a roll down. A file is applied to the sharpened tooth and is moved downward with an effort downward.

The file must be kept inclined in two planes. In horizontal. it is about 30 degrees. In the vertical. about 60 degrees. The tilt angles are individual for each saw, because they can differ both in the shape of the tooth and in its size.

Sharpening the left side of the tooth.

Sharpening the left side of the tooth

Sharpening the right side of the tooth.

Sharpening the right side of the tooth

Here’s what should happen: to the right of the file pointer are the machined teeth, to the left is not.

To the right of the file pointer. machined teeth, to the left. no

Used tool

Since the saws differ in shape and purpose, their teeth are different. And in order to sharpen a hacksaw in a quality manner, you need a different tool.

Triangular file with one working side. The profile of this tool is not standard, if on a regular triangular file all sides are equal and working, then this needle file has one working side, and its shape is an isosceles triangle with a very large base.

With this triangular file with one working side, it is convenient to process small or oblique teeth. During operation, it acts only on the surface to be treated; on others, it only glides. There is no risk of grinding off an adjacent tooth.

Plain triangular file. A compact tool that handles most standard wood hacksaws conveniently.

Normal triangular file

Triangular file. Perfect for sharpening saws with a large tooth.

What should happen

When sharpening, you need to ensure that the hacksaw’s teeth are sharp and resembled a shark tooth in shape. Only such a tooth is good at sawing. the hacksaw will not slide on the tree, but will “bite” into it. And then it will become clear why the “right” saw is cutting itself.

VIDEO: How to quickly and easily file a hacksaw with a file

How to quickly and easily file a hacksaw with a file

How to sharpen a saw on a tree: a simple step-by-step instruction | (A photo & Video)

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