The Better To Cut Chipboard At Home
All about sawing fiberboard Sometimes on the farm it is required to saw a sheet of fiberboard. How can you cut hardboard smoothly and cleanly? And what is the best way to cut a fiberboard sheet at home? How to properly cut fiberboard with an electric jigsaw, a hacksaw and a circular saw?
In order to use hardboard sheets more economically, avoiding large waste, in modern furniture enterprises, the material is first cut using computer programs, including graphics. Then the results are transferred either to programmable sawing machines, or markings are made manually according to the dimensions obtained in the program. Then the sheets are cut into separate blanks with the available equipment or tools.
At home, it also does not hurt to first draw up a diagram for cutting a fiberboard sheet, using the material as economically as possible. Even if you only need a part of the plate, it is worth considering how to cut it off correctly. A stock of this running material for the farm will always come in handy.
And the implementation of the process of sawing sheets of hardboard has several varieties.
- Straight cut. Produced on straight lines. The blanks are rectangular.
- Figured (curved). In this case, parts can have a variety of non-standard shapes from simple circles to complex winding shapes.
- Mixed. In such parts, obtained by sawing, there are both rectilinear and curly shapes.
All about sawing fiberboard
The standard sizes of fiberboard sheets (they are also briefly called hardboard) are from 1.22 to 3.66 m in length and from 1.20 to 2.14 m in width. And their thickness starts from 2.5 mm, and ends with 2.5 cm. Sheets of semi-solid and hard types of this material usually have more overall dimensions than soft ones, but still within the specified limits. Whole sheets of fiberboard are rarely used, and for the manufacture of furniture at home or industrial conditions, they are cut to the required size into separate blanks.
How to cut fiberboard?
Depending on the thickness of the hardboard sheet, you should also choose a tool for cutting it. Better, of course, to purchase a special machine that can handle material of any thickness. But for a single solution to the issue, for example, if you need to repair a couple of boxes in a furniture cabinet, no one will buy expensive equipment. Therefore, for such work, performed from time to time with your own hands, the following tool is suitable:
- Electric jigsaw;
- Saw on wood with fine teeth;
- Electric hand-held circular saw;
- Sharp knife.
It turns out very smoothly to cut with a jigsaw if it has a laser illumination of the direction of movement. Perfect evenness is also observed when working with circulars. I must say that the jigsaw and circular are quite popular tools in the household, so these methods are quite relevant and affordable for home craftsmen.
If the thickness of the fiberboard sheet is no more than 3 mm, then it will not be difficult to cut off several parts with an ordinary sharp knife. Often there is a milling machine in garages, so milling is also useful for making small workpieces from hardboard. For simple straight-line workpieces, you can cut a fiberboard sheet with a grinder.
How to cut correctly?
Fibreboards must be sawn on a horizontal surface such as a table or a special sawing bench. The surface must be stable, otherwise it will be difficult to achieve accuracy or evenness when working with vibrating power tools and a hand saw. The plate should be firmly in contact with the table surface.
When cutting material with a jigsaw, the workpiece cut from the sheet should be to the right of the tool. In the case of a hand saw, this factor is not mandatory, the placement of the sheet depends on the convenience of the master when working with it.
Working with a jigsaw, you need to lightly press the hardboard sheet at the cut to the table surface, which contributes to a clean cut without fringes at the edges. When sawing with a fine-toothed hacksaw, you need to keep the edge straight and keep it at a slight sharp angle to the cut line.
In the case of performing work with a circular saw, use the grinder discs designed for wood. If you cut with a regular circle, which is equipped with circular saws for wood, then you will not be able to avoid chips at the edges of the cut.
A knife with a sharply sharpened blade and tip may be the best tool for cutting small-sized workpieces made of low-thickness fiberboard.. Here you also need the fiberboard sheet to sit tightly on the surface. In this case, you can even cut on the floor, since the edge of the workpiece overhanging the edge of the table surface is not required. However, something should be placed under the trimming line if it is undesirable to damage the lining of the surface on which the work is performed. Further, using a metal ruler along the mowing line of the marking on the hardboard sheet, cuts are made several times with a sharp knife tip until the workpiece is completely cut off. It should be noted that with a knife it turns out to cut off workpieces that are quite accurate in size with smooth edges.
If a whole sheet needs to be cut in half, then it is better to find an assistant who would hold its part hanging from the tabletop of the sawing table during sawing. AND it is also possible to use two tables by placing the slab with cutting markings in the gap between them.
The next one explains how to make an even cut with a jigsaw.
How to cut chipboard without chips.
We recently bought a coffee table, the price is inexpensive, but there is a but. The height of the table for our interior is too big. It would be nice to reduce the height by 10 centimeters. As they say, we are not looking for easy ways, I decided that
I can do it myself.
I remembered that on our site there is an asoleg specialist who made a computer desk with his own hands, I, of course, are far from him, but some recommendations can help. I contacted him, explained the problem and he kindly shared his secret. With his permission, I publish his technology for cutting furniture chipboard without chips.
Everything turned out to be corny and simple. We mark the cutting line. Then, with a clerical knife, along a ruler, cut through the top layer of chipboard. Just run the knife several times with little effort along the mowing line of the cut. (I recommend practicing on the unnecessary part of the chipboard) If you press very hard, the decorative layer will begin to swell and turn out not very nice.
Further, retreating 1-2 millimeters from the intended mowing line towards the rough part, cut it with a jigsaw or a suitable file with teeth directed to the saw handle. We make a wash on the opposite side of the cut, so that there is no chipping at the end of the cut. And we saw through to the end. You need to cut carefully, slowly. Then, with a medium grain sandpaper, fixed on a bar, we clean the end of the part. If necessary, remove the millimeter that we retreated. My cut turned out to be almost perfect, after processing with sandpaper there were no scoring at all. You can see the difference between the left and right side of the cut. Well, and, accordingly, if both parts of the chipboard are needed, we cut it with a knife on both sides of the cut. We measure the thickness of the cut of a jigsaw or file, add 2 millimeters. The result is the distance that should be between the slots made with a clerical knife. Cut exactly between these lines. Then there will be no scuffs on the other side. Naturally you need to use a sharp tool, I use a tool sharpening machine.
Everything worked out great. On the finished table, my wife did not find the place where I cut.
Thanks for the assistance and help asoleg.
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If you love doing something with your own hands, read the article. Hair dryer construction, methods of application
Sawing chipboard methods and methods of processing
[contents] If you have tried to cut chipboard at home at least once, then you know for sure that this work is by no means simple and requires not only skill, but also a good tool. Laminated chipboard is especially difficult to process, when sawing it often produces a lot of chips. That is why many craftsmen, faced with such a problem, come to the conclusion that it is better to cut the chipboard when buying, especially since many trading organizations provide such services and the price for them is quite acceptable.
Sawing of chipboard is carried out using precise panel saws, which will help to obtain blanks of a given size and shape.
In addition to cutting sheets, they will help you to calculate and provide in the form of a visual file several options for competent and economical cutting of sheet material (using special computer programs) and, if necessary, perform edging. However, if for some reason you prefer to do this work yourself, you will have to do some preparatory work before sawing the chipboard.
- Tools and materials
- How to cut chipboard without chips?
- Figured cutting
- What you can’t cut chipboard
It is even more difficult to obtain curved surfaces of a given configuration at home, while you will have to additionally spend money on purchasing a router, which will help you get rid of chips and notches formed when you cut chipboard.
To cut chipboard, you need to follow these steps:
- Having marked out the contours of the necessary part on the chipboard sheet, we cut it out with an electric jigsaw, trying to cut, retreating only a couple of millimeters from the intended mowing line of the cut;
- We make templates of the design radius from fiberboard or plywood and carefully grind the ends with sandpaper;
- Attaching the template to the part to be trimmed, clamp it with clamps and process it with a manual copying cutter with a bearing, removing excess material exactly to the intended mowing line.
It does not matter which cutter (with two or four knives used). The only condition is that the knives must grasp the cut thickness being processed along the entire height. After processing, it remains only to stick the edge on the part. How this is done look at:
How to cut chipboard without chips?
Before starting to cut chipboard, especially laminated chipboard, cut the line with a sharp tool, along which we will cut and glue paper tape with a sticky layer along it. This will help to minimize damage to the decorative chipboard layer.
If chips still could not be avoided, we process the cut first with a file, working from the edges to the center, and then with a fine-grained sandpaper. It is also possible to mask all defects by using a flexible profile where possible.
Tools and materials
If possible, it is best to cut the chipboard with a hand milling cutter, using homemade guides. This method is not very convenient when cutting large sheets, because when working with this tool, a table is required. In addition, this method requires frequent replacement of cutters. But the result is a clean, beveled edge.
The electric jigsaw is the most popular tool for sawing chipboard
Some craftsmen use a jigsaw in their work, however, in the absence of skill, it is difficult to cut smoothly, and chips can form.
If such methods do not suit you, then for cutting chipboard at home, we will prepare for work:
- A hacksaw with fine teeth (one that is best suited for metal work). In this case, the teeth should be divorced by 1/2 of the blade thickness and be hardened;
- Paper adhesive tape;
- File for rough processing of the cut mowing line;
- Sandpaper for finishing the cut line.
What you can’t cut chipboard
If the volume of work is large enough, and the quality requirements are small, some craftsmen advise to saw the chipboard at home using a grinder (angle grinder, commonly called “grinder”). In doing so, they use a disc designed for working with wood. To make cutting easier, a guide bar is fixed along the mowing line of the cut with the help of clamps. Sawing chipboard using a grinder can sometimes be seen on.
Reasons for painting
Particleboard is a fairly cheap material, but often its replacement is technically extremely difficult. For example, in this case, you will have to dismantle the floor, or disassemble furniture, or buy a new one. Naturally, in this case it is better to use paint, since it allows you to restore the surface with minimal costs, getting rid of defects.
The material itself is derived from chips glued together with formaldehyde resin. The outer surface of such material, due to external influences or moisture, may begin to peel off, so that it needs protection. Typically, such protection is a paint or varnish coating, polypropylene film, and the like. In addition, several important points are achieved:
- Painted chipboard begins to successfully resist ultraviolet rays;
- The service life of the material is increased;
- The material becomes safe and environmentally friendly. Formaldehyde resins in the chipboard base evaporate over time, but the paint interferes with this process.
Surface preparation for painting
Regardless of which surface you decide to paint, it most likely already contains one or another coating on itself, which will need to be cleaned off. If you are just installing the same chipboard floors and plan to cover them, then you can skip this point and read the next section of the article.
There are two ways to remove old varnish or paint:
After that, the surface must be leveled by filling in irregularities and removing protruding parts. After cleaning the surface, it is covered with a primer so that the subsequent painting is more effective. It must be processed in two layers in order to ensure the best adhesion. In addition, deep penetration impregnation can have a strengthening effect on wood.
- If necessary, you can use a brush or roller. But the paint in this case must be applied in several layers;
- After staining, irregularities may appear on the paintwork layer. It is necessary to get rid of them by sanding with fine sandpaper;
- When using spray paint, the bottle must be held at a distance of about a third of a meter. In this case, before use, the can must be shaken for at least a minute;
- If possible, when applying paint, it is better to arrange the sheet horizontally in order to avoid drips. This principle should be applied both when using spray paint, and when using the manual method. If there is no possibility of horizontal arrangement, then it is better to paint with movements from top to bottom;
- After the paint has dried, it is recommended to varnish. This way you can provide the paint layer with reliable protection in the future. At the same time, when working with acrylic paint, it is better to use varnish on an acrylic basis;
- To achieve an even layer of paint when rolling, try to use a short nap tool. At the same time, there are rollers that allow you to leave textural patterns on the surface;
- When painting, stick with masking tape or otherwise cover those areas that should not be stained. If paint gets into such places, try to wipe it off as soon as possible;
- Despite the fact that almost all modern paint and varnish products are not toxic, it is better to ventilate the room while working at home. It will not hurt to wear a respirator;
- Try to choose a paint with a good hiding power. Otherwise, the original color will peep through the paint layer and you will have to repeat the staining almost immediately;
- It is better to apply the next coat of paint no earlier than after 24 hours. In this case, the total setting time of the composition and curing is approximately 3 days.
How to properly paint chipboard at home
Chipboard is one of the most popular chipboard materials used both in finishing works and in furniture production. Much of what surrounds people reading this article now is made by chipboard. This means that the need to paint over the defects of this material or cover it with paint for other reasons appears quite often. And today we will try to tell you how to do it right.
The best way to paint chipboard
Important! As an alternative to paint, varnish can be applied to the surface. In this case, it is possible to preserve the appearance of the wooden surface, but at the same time give it an attractive shade and durable protection from a variety of external influences.
Oil, alkyd or epoxy paints can be used as paint for chipboard. But it is best to use acrylic paints. Over, the latter are best used in spray cans or sprayed with a spray gun. But in order to achieve the ideal application quality, you should first practice on a similar surface. Why are these paints attractive:
- The layer is applied most evenly and without defects. In this case, there will be no streaks from brushes and bristle fragments. This is especially important when painting furniture, where flaws must be completely avoided;
- Such coloring takes a minimum of effort, and in this case there is practically no requirement for qualifications. In other words, even a beginner can apply a high-quality coating;
- Acrylic paints in cylinders are presented in a huge number of options, among which there are also very exotic ones. You can choose for every taste;
- These types of paint do not contain chemical compounds hazardous to health;
- Drying time of the formulations is only half an hour;
- The paint perfectly withstands moisture and does not lose color when exposed to ultraviolet radiation in the sun;
- The composition has high adhesion, and perfectly fits the surface of the chipboard. Especially when the surface is pre-treated with a primer.
What is the best way to cut laminate?
- Coating types
- What to use at home?
- How to choose a hacksaw?
- Can I use a grinder?
- How to trim on the floor?
- How to cut without chips?
- Which side to cut from?
In the process of laying the flooring, namely the laminate, it is important not only to be able to correctly connect the panels to each other. It is also necessary to correctly measure the size of the panels in accordance with the area of the room, and also not to disturb the traditional masonry in a checkerboard pattern. In such a situation, the question naturally arises of how to cut the panels measured to the size? Let’s try to understand the situation.
How to choose a hacksaw?
Often, when carrying out work on laying out the laminate, they resort to using such a popular tool as hacksaw. However, to cut panels efficiently and quickly, you need to choose the right model. Of course, in the absence of others, you can use a hacksaw for wood. But in this case, the process will be laborious, since the hacksaw for wood has large teeth. Due to these features, the hacksaw will not cut the canvas neatly, but dig into it.
However, it is worth remembering that you should only resort to using a hacksaw for metal with small amounts of work. Unlike power tools, this one takes more time to cut and requires more effort, so professional builders do not use a hacksaw for this purpose.
What to use at home?
When choosing a tool for sawing laminated panels there are several factors to consider:
- The tool should be easy to use and not cause discomfort. It depends more on personal preference and handling skills.
- Compact and lightweight items are much easier and faster to handle, and during repairs, every minute counts.
- Another most important point of all is that with the help of the selected tool, you should get a smooth cut without chips or cracks. However, do not overly focus on this factor, since minor irregularities will quietly disappear under the baseboards.
After familiarizing yourself with the main characteristics, you can move on to a more detailed study of tools for cutting laminate.
One of the easy-to-use tools with which you can cut the lamella is electric jigsaw. The device is lightweight and even a teenager or girl can quickly figure it out. The jigsaw runs at high speeds, so the cut is accurate. One of the important factors when using this tool is choosing the right jigsaw file. Modern models are usually equipped with special removable files for working on laminate. They differ from other files in the shape, location and size of the teeth. However, in the absence of specialized attachments, narrow files with fine teeth are also suitable for cutting metal products.
Suitable for cutting the required pieces of laminated panels guillotine. Unlike the previous device, the guillotine has a mechanical device. In appearance, it can be compared to large scissors. This cutter is quiet, uncomplicated and accurate to operate. With the help of it, it is easiest to cross-cut the laminate, but buying a cutter for repairs in an apartment will be impractical. Such a device is suitable for those who are professionally engaged in laying flooring, so it can be found for temporary use from familiar repairmen.
To cut the lamellas with professional machine, lay the panel on the guillotine support. Then adjust the blade so that the notch for the cut line up with the cutter blade. After that, you need to lower the guillotine handle, cutting off exactly and accurately the required piece of the panel. To get an even cut when sawing laminate, you can use a circular.
To work with circular lay the laminated panel face up and fix it securely. During work, you need to act carefully, pressing a little while moving the disc and not staying for a long time in one place. Also, do not forget about the basic safety rules: the sleeves of clothing must be buttoned up during work, and hands must also be protected.
Another tool that requires job skills is milling cutter. A manual design with replaceable cutters is unlikely to be found in every home, but it can be found in those who are professionally assembling furniture. The cutter is able to leave behind a perfectly flat and smooth surface, besides, the tool can cut out various shapes.
Sometimes, an assistant when cutting laminate can be ordinary construction knife. It can be used for small amounts of work, for example, for cutting one or two panels, when there is no time to look for another tool.
When using a knife, lay the laminate face up, then make a deep cut in the marking area with the knife. Then, while holding one side of the panel, it is necessary to press on the other part of it until it breaks at the notch.
How to cut without chips?
In order to carefully saw off the laminate of the required length, you need to carefully prepare for the start of work.
Initially, you need to decide what kind of tool from the ones described above will be done. And you need to be guided when choosing not only the availability of the device, but also the existing skills in handling it.
When the measurements have been made, and the place of the cut is marked with a pencil, you need to draw a straight line along which the laminated panel will be cut.
When all the preparatory work has been done, you can proceed directly to the sawing process.
Can I use a grinder?
Also called an angle grinder, this tool is great for sawing a variety of materials, including laminated panels. With this device, you can get an even and neat cut. To properly cut the laminate with a grinder, the panel must be laid with the decorative side up, and also use special replaceable discs with fine teeth for working on metal, ceramic surfaces or concrete.
Since when working with an angle grinder, a large amount of dust and dirt is generated, and you can also smell an unpleasant burning smell during the sawing process, it is better to carry out all manipulations outdoors. On the ground floor, you can stretch an extension cord through the window and work on the street, on the upper floors, an unglazed AL-KON is the best fit.
One more nuance when working with a grinder, as in handling a circular saw, you need to have at least a little experience with this tool. Uncertainly guiding the hand while sawing can lead to an uneven edge or it can get loose.
How to trim on the floor?
Sometimes there are situations when it is necessary to trim laminated panels that have already been laid on the floor. Usually, people with insufficient experience in carrying out construction work in this case ask themselves how to do it correctly.
In addition, you can turn to a safer, but at the same time, laborious way of using the cutter. In order to cut the laid laminate, you need to arm yourself with a professional wood cutter. According to the advice of experienced people, you need to make two parallel cuts along the width of a narrow chisel, then select the cut piece with a chisel. And so slowly remove the length of the panel to the desired size.