tiller neva what kind of oil in the engine

Changing engine oil on gas-powered walk-behind tractors

Classification of grades of oil for tillers

When purchasing a tiller, it must be remembered that its durable operation depends not only on replacing consumables, parts, tightening the necessary nuts, but also on the timely oil change in the tiller.

The durability and performance of the equipment depends on how correctly to choose engine oil for tillers. The question arises, what kind of oil to fill in the tiller engine, how to replace it or check the level.

2 How to choose a tiller: diesel or gasoline?

Diesel powered units are designed mainly for work on large areas of land. This type of engine is capable of generating high tractive effort by operating at low revs. They are designed for a much larger amount of resources than gasoline.

tiller, neva, kind, engine

Therefore, their work can be carried out for much longer without stopping. Do not often let the diesel engine idle, because this leads to its breakdown. Sometimes it is necessary to load the unit at full capacity for 3-4 hours. This will extend the life of the tiller.

The main advantages of a diesel tiller:

  • Convenient maintenance and operation, as there are no candles and magneto, as well as no carburetor, which has to be constantly adjusted.
  • Maximum ground grip due to heavy weight.
  • Cooling is possible either with air or water. Gasoline engines lack this variety.
  • The take-off run in fuel consumption can vary from 2 to 5 liters per 100 km, based on the power of the unit.
  • Engine operation is ensured by stable rpm due to increased tractive effort.

The price can scare off when buying a diesel tiller. But it is worth considering that it consumes less fuel than gasoline, and diesel is cheaper than gasoline. Such an acquisition pays off over time.

1 Functions of engine oil

Each technique, including tillers, is supplied with a passport and instructions for sale. Manufacturers always recommend in the instructions those types of oil that will allow the technique to last a long time and not break.

You need to know that during the operation of the tiller, engine oil performs 4 functions at once:

  • cooling;
  • grease;
  • cleaning;
  • seal.

Wide range of tiller oils

When the air-cooled chiller engine is running, the lubricant burns and remains on the hot cylinder, resulting in a smoky exhaust. The deposition of resinous substances drastically affects the contamination of some parts and their lubrication becomes more difficult.

It is recommended to use antioxidant agents with oil, which clean the engine from dirty deposits. Correctly selected oil for tiller according to SAE classification is the key to the durability of the equipment.

When using a tiller, it is necessary to select a lubricant based on the climatic zone.

For example, when using a grease of the SAE 10W30 type at a temperature of 5 ° C and higher, its consumption will be much higher and there will be a high probability of engine breakdown. It is undesirable to pour summer lubricants at air temperatures below 5 ° C. Such use leads to difficult starting of the engine and damage to the cylinder bore.
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1.1 Classification of oil grades by viscosity

The viscosity grade of engine oil grades is generally classified according to SAE (Society of Automotive Engineers).

High quality flushing oil MPA. 2

  • Summer grades. oils belonging to this category are used in summer, have a high viscosity and without a letter designation. These are: SAE 20, 30, 40, 50, 60.
  • Winter grades. these oils are used in winter and have a low viscosity. The lettering of this variety is W (Winter). These include: SAE 0W, 5W, 10W, 15W, 20W, 25W.
  • All-season varieties are currently the most popular, as they are used both in summer and winter. They are indicated by a double combination: 5W-30, 10W-40.

In addition to seasonal differences in lubricants, they are divided in composition into two types:

  • mineral;
  • synthetic;
  • semi-synthetic.
Differences in chemical and physical characteristics of oils of different types for 4-stroke engines
Indicators Mineral Semi-synthetic Synthetic
Viscosity index 90-100 115-125 130-160
Alkaline number, mg 5.5-10 5.10 5.5-10
Pour point, ° С -15 -thirty -40

All oils are also divided into lubricants for both 2-stroke and 4-stroke engines. Tillers are usually fitted with 4-stroke air-cooled engines. Such engines only need to be filled with 4-stroke oil.

Checking the oil level with the dipstick in the oil filler hole

An air-cooled engine runs more heat than a water-cooled engine under the same operating conditions. Therefore, the filling liquid must have low volatility and high thermal-oxidative stability. Also, modern oils must have environmental safety, i.e. the amount of smoke and toxicity of exhaust gases is controlled.

Since waste is often simply burned in boilers or steam generators, it should not contain components that form toxic compounds when burned. In a motor cultivator that runs on gasoline and does not have instructions, it is better to pour 4-stroke oil of the 5W30 or SAE30 brand.

In winter, winter or gear oil, such as 0W40, is preferable. But this quality comes at a price. It is not worth saving on this, because high-quality oil affects less wear and tear of the engine and its durability.
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2.1 Gasoline Tillers

Tillers of this class are ideal for working on small plots of land. In a gasoline engine, fuel is ignited by a spark that is generated from a spark plug. These Tillers are very maneuverable and lightweight.

Petrol Tiller Forte HSD1G- 105 G

Any gasoline used in modern cars is suitable for a gasoline engine. They can only work at high speeds. Repairs and maintenance are significantly cheaper than diesel engines.

The main advantages of a gasoline engine:

  • It can be started in all weather conditions without an electric starter.
  • Reduced noise level.
  • Significantly less vibration when driving.

The main advantage over a diesel engine is its relatively low cost. They are suitable for small areas (20-30 acres), as they do not withstand heavy loads. The diesel engine will be optimal in all other cases.
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2.2 Changing the oil in the chiller

There are many different opinions about how often the oil for the tillers should be changed. But in this case you need to rely on the manufacturer’s instructions. If there is no instruction, you can change the lubricant in a common way among users.

Changing the oil of the gearbox of a diesel tiller

The first oil change in the chiller is done after the unit has been running in. The engine and all its components must be run-in at idle speed. Before starting the engine, make sure that there is a lubricant in it. When buying a unit, its engine may be generally dry.

After an hour of engine operation, the first grease change is made. The next change is after 5-6 hours of operation. It is recommended to change the oil in the chiller every 40 hours of operation, which is much more frequent than in a car. After the winter period, a grease change is mandatory. It does not matter how many hours the tiller has worked, if its grease has become viscous, darkened or a strong burning smell emanates from it, then it needs to be changed.

Before changing the oil, it is necessary to warm up the tiller. This is necessary in order for the lubricant to become more fluid. the tiller is installed in a horizontal position. The drain plug is unscrewed and the old fluid is removed from the engine crankcase.

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After that, it is required to screw back the drain tank plug and fill the lubricant through the filler neck. You can check the filled oil level with a dipstick. The level should be between the Minimum and Maximum marks. Then the plug is screwed in completely.

Preparing the tiller for an oil change

To fill and check the lubricant level in the gear case, place the chiller on a flat surface and clean the gear case in the area of ​​the filler hole. Then loosen the filler bolt. If the level is normal, oil will start to flow from the hole. If this does not happen, it is necessary to unscrew the bolt completely and pour oil into the gearbox until it flows out of the hole.

An important nuance is the proper condition of the air filter. After all, without an air filter or with a filter, but without the required oil level, you cannot start the engine. To add lubricant, unscrew the nut on the filter cover, pull the filter element out of the sump, add oil to the level of the mark on the oil sump body. Put back the filter element and tighten the nut.

Based on the above, before buying oil, you need to understand several important points:

  • Decide on the season for using the oil.
  • Purchase special additives to enhance the properties of the lubricating fluid.

With the right choice of product, a long service life of the unit is ensured and its performance is improved.

Functions

First, you need to read the instructions, which will indicate everything. Tiller manufacturers recommend those oils that can minimize the occurrence of malfunctions during the operation of the unit. It must be remembered that engine oil performs four functions at once during machine operation:

  • grease;
  • seal;
  • cooling;
  • cleaning.

With continuous operation in air-cooled engines, oxidation and burning of the lubricant forms, which remains on the hot cylinder. As a result, there is a lot of smoke on the exhaust.

In addition, resinous substances begin to build up in the engine, which become the main cause of contamination of some parts. At the same time, sludge appears, from which the lubrication of the unit becomes more complicated, as shown in the photo.

In this case, it is recommended to use antioxidant agents together with the oil. They are able to clean the motor from dirt and remove harmful deposits. You can use a high quality oil product from some foreign manufacturers. Such products are already produced with the necessary additives, as shown in the photo.

The correct SAE grade of oil must be selected. If you have a tiller such as Neva, Cascade, Ugra, Subaru, Lifna, it is better to apply lubricant, taking into account the temperature regime of your area. Applying a petroleum product of the 10W30 type at a temperature of 5 degrees and above, its consumption will be much higher, and this can also lead to engine breakdown.

When to change

Now that you have decided what kind of lubricant is right for your equipment, you need to worry about the clear sequence of its replacement. A new, just purchased tiller must be run in for the first 5 hours. After that, it is imperative to make the first oil change in the motor. If this is not done, all industrial debris deposited in the engine during assembly will mix with the oil and the machine will stop working immediately. To completely remove debris, it is better to repeat the replacement of the oil product after another 5. 7 hours. Make the next fluid change after 30-55 hours of operation.

If you use the unit every day for full working hours, then the fluid must be changed every 25 hours. If you do not use your iron horse often, you can change the lubricant in the unit after 50 hours of operation. However, before starting spring work on the site, in any case, it is necessary to change the oil.

Choice

Therefore, know that saving in this case leads to disastrous results. It is known that the better the lubricant you put in your car, the better the engine will work. Poor quality products will necessarily lead to malfunctioning of the entire unit;

Open the hole cover to pour lubricant into the engine. Old grease must be drained. Liquid (about 600 g) is poured into the engine with the help of special devices to the required level. the last loop in the neck. Usually, the filler crankcase is slightly tilted, which makes it possible not to overflow the grease. At the end, screw the lid well, as shown in the photo.

Tiller engine oil: what to pour, how to check the level or replace

If you purchased a tiller for work on the site, you will have to constantly check the technical condition of the equipment. Thus, you can extend the life of your iron assistant. The question immediately arises as to which oil to use in the tiller engine: which oil to pour, how to check the level or replace it.

Let’s summarize

Experts advise using oil according to the tiller’s operating instructions. However, a lot depends on the conditions in which the tiller works.

And when to change the lubricant in the engine, you can tell by its color: if it turns black, change it immediately so as not to “screw up” the car.

2 comments on the entry “Oil in the tiller engine: what to pour, how to check the level or replace”

What summer oil to fill in the Subaru engine in the tiller NEVA

Hello, can you tell me whether it is possible to fill a cascade of Elf evolution 900 NF 5w-40 engine oil on a Lifan engine in a tiller ?

tiller neva what kind of oil in the engine

In order for the tiller to work flawlessly for a long time, it must be properly maintained and operated. Butter. it is a key factor in keeping the engine running. What kind of oil to pour into the tiller’s engine let’s try to figure it out on this page of the site.

The most correct recommendation for the selection of oil will be the recommendation of the engine manufacturer for the tiller. Therefore, we will familiarize ourselves with the operating instructions of the main engine manufacturers for the tillers and cite excerpts from the instructions.

The choice of engine oil, like any other type of oil, depends on two main parameters. the operating category and the viscosity class.

OIL GRADE CLASSIFICATION
API classification by performance category (American Petroleum Institute). For more details see here

CLASSIFICATION OF OIL GRADES BY VISCOSITY
SAE (Society of Automotive and Transportation Engineers) classification. See more here

Winter. with the letter W (Winter). Oils meeting these categories are low-viscosity and are used in winter. SAE 0W, 5W, 10W, 15W, 20W, 25W

Summer. no letter designation. Oils meeting these categories are high viscosity and are used in summer. SAE 20, 30, 40, 50, 60.

All-season. at the moment, the most widespread are universal oils, which are used both in winter and summer.

Such oils are designated by a combination of winter and summer series: 5W-30, 10W-40

Use an oil with a lower SAE number (less viscous) in winter and in summer. oil with a higher value (more viscous).

The multi-viscosity grade oil is comprehensively stable under seasonal and temperature variations. For example, an SAE 10W-30 oil is suitable for multigrade use. At low temperatures, it is equivalent in viscosity to SAE 10W oil, and during operation it has the same lubricating properties as SAE 30.

Manufacturer’s Recommended Tiller Engine Oil.

Tiller engine make Manufacturer’s Recommended Engine Oil
summer winter service class
Robin Subaru (Subaru) SAE 10W-30. in temperate climates SAE 5W-30. in cold regions Automotive engine oil; class SE or higher
(SG, SH or SJ recommended)
Honda (honda) SAE 10W-30 grade oil is recommended for use at any temperature.
If you wish to use seasonal oil, select the appropriate viscosity grade based on the average temperature in your area.
SG, SF.
Lifan (Lifan) SAE-30 SAE-10W-30. all-season
Briggs Stratton (briggs) Briggs Stratton recommends the use of synthetic oil when operating in temperatures below 0 ° C. If you do not have synthetic oil, you can use Briggs Stratton 10W-30 non-synthetic oil, part number 998208
Note: Synthetic oil that meets the ILSAC GF-2 Certification Mark, API and API Service Symbol labeled “SJ / CF ENERGY CONSERVING” and above can be used at all temperatures. Change the synthetic oil according to the normal schedule.
Air-cooled engines heat up faster than car engines.
Using a non-synthetic thickened oil (5W-30, 10W-30, etc.) at temperatures above 4 ° C will result in high oil consumption. If using such oil, check the oil level more often.
SF, SG, SH, SJ or above
DM-1-01
(JSC Kaluga engine)
М63 / 12Г1 or М53 / 10Г1 GOST 10541-78, oil corresponding to API requirements: SF; SG; SH and SAE: 10W30; 15W30
DM-1K
Instruction from OJSC “Red October”
M10GI, M12GI TU 38.10148-85
M63 / 12G1 or M53 / 10G1 GOST 10541-78,
Cascade MB-6 Motor oil M-5z / 10G1, M-6z / 12G1 GOST 10541-78 (It is allowed to use motor oils for carburetor engines according to SAE classification in accordance with recommendations for use at various ambient temperatures. Mixing of mineral and synthetic oils is not allowed.)
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Engines of these brands are installed on almost all currently produced tillers such as Neva, MTZ, Salyut, Kaskad, OKA, Ugra, Celina, Tarpan, Agat, Favorit, MKM and many others.

Motors of such well-known companies are tested and tested on the specified oils, therefore, the result of operation in accordance with the recommendations of the manufacturers will be the best. The use of engine oil of the specified grade and viscosity will significantly extend the life of the engine and improve its performance. Using too little or too much oil can lead to serious problems including engine seizure.

Manufacturers recommend not to use oil with additives for 2-stroke engines, as it does not contain enough lubricant, which reduces engine life.

In general gasoline engines, use only engine oils of classes SE, SF, SG.

Categories of motor oils for gasoline engines

SA For low stress applications where no additives are required
SB For use in the medium range of mechanical stresses. It features low oxidation properties, stable lubricating properties, protects motors from wear and prevents corrosion of bearings.
SC For use in gasoline engines manufactured in the period 1964-1967. and not equipped with a PCV system. Minimizes deposit formation over a wide temperature range as well as engine wear and corrosion.
SD For use in gasoline engines manufactured between 1968-1971 equipped with a PCV system. Compared to SC category, better reduces deposit formation over a wide temperature range, engine wear and corrosion.
SE For use in gasoline engines manufactured after 1972 Compared to SD category, better resists deposits over a wide temperature range, reduces engine wear and corrosion.
SF For use in gasoline engines manufactured after 1980. Compared to SE category, it better resists the formation of deposits over a wide temperature range, reduces engine wear and corrosion.
SG It appeared in 1988. Its characteristics are comparable to the oil of the SF category and is distinguished by additional quality improvements.
SH Highest category of motor oils introduced since 1992.

Diesel engine oil categories

Here is information on the oils used from the website of the manufacturer of tillers and cultivators of the Patriot (Patriot) brand

Patriot engine oil for 4-stroke engines (information from the official website)

Special high-quality engine oil for use in modern four-stroke gasoline and diesel engines with air and water cooling, installed on lawn mowers, cultivators, generators, tillers, mini tractors and other equipment.

Enhanced additives reliably protect the engine under extremely severe operating conditions, providing excellent antiwear, anti-corrosion properties and extending the oil life before it is changed.

Specially formulated to ensure stability of the oil film.

1.Prevention of the formation of carbon deposits, varnish deposits and sludge;

Cooling of pistons, crankshaft bearings and other engine parts;

The most effective protection of the engine against wear during cold start;

Reduction of noise during engine operation;

Extension of engine life;

Impeccable engine cleanliness.

WE RECOMMEND TO CHANGE THE ENGINE OIL AFTER THE FIRST 5 HOURS OF OPERATION. CHANGE THE ENGINE OIL ONCE A SEASON OR AFTER 25 OR 50 HOURS, DEPENDING ON THE TILLER’S WORKING CONDITIONS.

Expert 4-stroke semi-synthetic oil is a special all-season semi-synthetic engine oil for use in modern four-stroke gasoline and diesel engines.
The use of the latest additive packages ensures reliable engine protection under extremely severe operating conditions. The oil has excellent anti-wear, anti-corrosion and energy-saving properties.
4-stroke semi-synthetic oil Specific. Special all-season semi-synthetic engine oil for use in modern four-stroke gasoline and diesel engines.
The use of the latest additive packages ensures reliable engine protection under extremely severe operating conditions. The oil has excellent anti-wear, anti-corrosion and energy-saving properties.
Supreme 4-stroke mineral oil. Special high quality performance engine oil for use in modern four-stroke gasoline and diesel engines with air and water cooling.
The increased additives reliably protect the engine under extremely severe operating conditions, providing excellent antiwear, anti-corrosion properties and extending the oil resource before changing it.

Tiller engine oil change intervals

Briggs Stratton (briggs) First 5 hours
– Change oil.
Every 8 hours or daily
– Check the oil level.
Every 50 hours or every season
– Change oil.
Honda (honda)
Lifan (Lifan)
Checking the oil level. with every use.
Oil change. the first month or after 20 hours of work, thereafter. every 6 months or after 100 hours of operation
Robin Subaru (Subaru) Checking the level and adding engine oil. every time the engine is used (add oil to the maximum mark).
Change of engine oil: First change after 20 hours of operation;
afterwards. every 100 hours of operation

A few more recommendations from manufacturers regarding the use of oil in engines of tillers and cultivators:

  • check the oil level by placing the engine on a horizontal surface, wait for it to drain into the crankcase.
  • when changing oil, drain it on a hot engine by unscrewing the drain and filling caps
  • do not use additives and additives in the oil
  • dispose of used oil in a way that does not harm the environment, do not dump it on the ground, do not throw it in the trash can, the best option is to take the oil in a closed container to your local recycling center.

Please note that there are engines that have a built-in additional gearbox, which also requires periodic oil changes. Here is an excerpt from a Honda engine user manual:

tiller neva what kind of oil to pour into the engine

In general, there are two main types of engines for tillers “Neva”, they are classified by fuel. diesel and gasoline.

In agriculture, electrical units are also used, but often much less often.

Changing the oil in the tiller gearbox

The gearbox in the tiller is a very busy part. it converts and transmits torque from the gears. Therefore, careful and high-quality lubrication of the gearbox can significantly extend the life and quality of its service.

Change the oil in the gearbox in the following sequence:

  • the tiller is installed above the viewing pit or on some hill;
  • first unscrew the plug from the bay hole, which is usually located on the gearbox. Then we substitute the prepared container for used oil under the drain hole, which is located at the bottom;
  • when all the oil is completely drained, the lower drain hole is carefully closed;
  • fill the gearbox with oil. Some gearboxes are equipped with a through-bolt level, others have a dipstick on the plug. Focusing on the oil level indicators, pour the required amount, twist the plug in the filler hole.

The first replacement is carried out at the end of the running-in. The second oil change in the gearbox is carried out approximately every 75-200 hours of operation. But it all depends on the model, so the exact timing should always be specified in the manufacturer’s instructions.

Which oil to choose?

There are two types of oil. for two-stroke and four-stroke engines.

The engine type is determined by the factory marking.

Oils are divided into:

  • synthetic (mineral)
  • semi-synthetic

Oils for engines of Neva tillers are used depending on the season, for example, in the winter season it is better to use synthetic oils, they are less sensitive to temperature drops. Semi-synthetic oils are used in summer.

The API standard defines three types of oils. for gasoline and diesel engines, and universal. For gasoline engines, oils are used with the first letter S and the second, determined by the oil quality (A, B, C, F, G) in decreasing quality. For diesel engines, oils with the first letter C are used.

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For oils suitable for both diesel and gasoline engines, double markings are used, for example SG / CD. The second character in the label shows the quality of the oil, the closer the letter is to the beginning of the alphabet, the lower the quality of the oil (the CD label indicates that the engine oil is better than the product with the CD label).

Carefully study the instruction manual of the tiller. The manufacturer indicates what kind of oil should be poured into the engine or gearbox, so it is advisable to follow these recommendations.

For example, for the tiller “Neva” MB-2, the manufacturer recommends using transmission oil TEP-15 (-5 ° C to 35 ° C) GOST 23652-79, TM-5 (-5 ° C to 25 ° C) GOST 17479.2- 85 to SAE90 API GI-2 and SAE90 API GI-5, respectively. For “Neva” MB-1, transmission oil is recommended in accordance with GOST 23652-79 (TAD-17I, TAP-15V and others).

Popular brands today: MOTUL, ESSO, MOBIL, LUKOIL, SHELL, Valco, Yarneft, KAMA OIL, Leol, WOG, YUNIOIL, Krol, Spectrol.

Changing the oil in the tiller engine

The first time to change the oil in the tiller engine should be at the end of the break-in process, which usually lasts about 25-30 hours of operation (depending on the model). Subsequent replacements should be made no earlier than 2 times a year. in summer and winter. Even if the tiller has been idle, the oil should still be checked and, if necessary, replaced, as it may become waterlogged. It is also recommended to take into account the loads to which the tiller was subjected. If, upon visual assessment of the condition of the oil, you see that it has a very dark color, change should be carried out immediately.

The replacement process itself is simple and does not take much time. To do this, you need a container for draining and a funnel with a wide neck. It is necessary to drain the oil while the engine is still warm after operation. The drain hole is usually located either on the left or bottom of the engine. Prepare a container for drainage, slightly tilt the tiller with the drain hole towards the container, unscrew the drain plug and oil filling holes. Wait for the liquid to drain completely. If the manufacturer has not provided a drain hole for used oil, the drain is carried out through the same hole as the bay. To do this, you will have to strongly tilt the tiller to one side. This procedure is best done together in order to avoid falling of the unit or oil spill.

Most popular tiller in Eastern Europe. How to work with tiller

Pour oil into the tiller in the same amount as it was drained. After that, be sure to measure its level with a dipstick. If there is no dipstick, just pour a full crankcase, right up to the plug. After changing the oil, it is also recommended to replace the spark plugs.

Some engines are especially sensitive to the type of oil. For example, Tillers with Subaru, Honda, BriggsStratton engines require oil of SE class and higher, but not worse than SG class.

Diesel Tiller Oil

As with the choice of lubricants for other models of chillers, in this case, you should also follow the instructions for use and the manufacturer’s recommendations. In general, oils for diesel tillers are divided into the following categories:

  • CA. for tillers subject to low to medium severity loads. Significantly reduces the formation of bearing corrosion and deposits on engine parts at high temperatures. Not suitable for high voltage applications;
  • CB. just like the previous type, this oil is designed for low to medium loads. Compared to the CA category, it further reduces the degree of corrosion formation;
  • CC. for use in medium to heavy duty chillers with air cooled engines. Reduces deposits on parts at high temperatures and reduces the risk of corrosion on bearings;
  • CD. for air-cooled diesel engines that are designed to run at higher rpm.

Oil for diesel tiller. features of choice

When choosing engine oil for a diesel tiller, you should follow the instructions in the operating instructions. However, if the instructions for use have been lost, then you will have to study the formulations available on the market more carefully.

Diesel engine oils are classified into the following categories. To determine the type and conformity of the composition for a specific tiller, the special marking indicated on the container with grease will help:

  • API CJ-4. formulations with this marking are designed specifically for tillers with a capacity of 10 liters or more. from. and more. The composition of these lubricants has a high viscosity, which guarantees the correct operation of all elements of the motor unit;
  • API CI-4. these oils should be used for engines equipped with different types of injection and pressurization. Such oils have good dispersing properties and high thermal oxidation stability;
  • API CH-4. lubricants with this marking fully comply with all modern requirements and quality standards. Among the advantages of these compositions, one should highlight the ability to fill them in diesel engines that run on fuel, the percentage of sulfur in which exceeds 0.5%;
  • API CA. formulations of this type are best suited in cases where diesel fuel contains a small amount of sulfur. Oils with this marking protect the tiller engine from the formation of harmful deposits on its walls;
  • API CB. the use of oils of this oil helps to reduce the risk of corrosion of tiller bearings;
  • API CC. such oils will be the best option for a turbocharged engine that does not have a supercharger. These compounds help tillers to withstand prolonged loads and work properly in difficult conditions;
  • API CF-2. oils of this group show themselves well when used in tillers that give in to heavy loads.

After purchasing a suitable engine oil, you can proceed to pouring it into the tiller motor. The procedure is quite simple:

  • Place the unit in a horizontal position first;
  • Place a wide container under the drain hole in the engine and remove the plug by gently prying it off with a screwdriver;
  • Wait until the old oil is drained from the motor, and screw the plug back into the hole;
  • Fill the engine with at least 2 liters of new lubricant.

Remember that the oil in new tillers should be changed three times at intervals of 5 hours of moderate use. After that, replacement is required no more than 1 time in 25 hours of tiller operation.

Diesel engine maintenance. key points

In order to ensure uninterrupted operation of Neva diesel tillers, the manufacturer recommends performing the following types of engine maintenance work:

  • checking the oil level, topping up or changing the oil;
  • adjustment of the clutch cables;
  • check of gears;
  • check of clutch friction units;
  • checking and tightening bolts and nuts;

Without fail, before installing the Neva diesel tiller “on idle”, you should perform the following actions:

  • run out of fuel before the engine stops working;
  • leave the engine to cool down completely, and then drain the remaining fuel from the tank.

Maintenance of the diesel engine filter must be carried out after 8-50 hours of operation (depending on the degree of load and the duration of continuous operation).

After 100 hours of operation, you need to change the oil, clean the oil filter and oil distribution box, carry out lubrication work.

After 500 hours of operation, the same actions are carried out as during maintenance after the first 50-100 hours of operation, in addition, carbon and dirt are removed from the cylinder cover, oil filters and oil distribution box. You should also descale the water tank.