What can be done from a walk-behind tractor with your own hands
DIY adapter for walk-behind tractor
The land cultivation process is laborious and requires a lot of effort from the operator. With the help of the adapter, you can make working with the machine much more comfortable and faster. The adapter is a device consisting of a seat, two wheels, a drawbar and controls. The adapter allows you to attach a variety of attachments to the walk-behind tractor, raise and lower it to a certain height. To connect the adapter, you need to purchase a single hitch. The operation of the walk-behind tractor with the adapter is greatly simplified.
In order to make an adapter for a walk-behind tractor with your own hands, you do not need to have any special skills and also do not need to make much effort. The design itself is not complicated, and its manufacture is a rather entertaining process.
A rectangular pipe measuring 1.7 m is usually the base of the adapter. A smaller pipe, 0.5 m long, must be installed across it using welding, and the wheel racks will be mounted to it. The height of such racks will reach 0.3 m. Wheels for a homemade adapter will fit from an ordinary household wheelbarrow. However, please note that their inner sleeves must be expanded with a lathe. After that, bearings of the appropriate size are installed on the bushings.
Next, you need to attach the braces to the main pipe and the wheel plugs of the adapter for the walk-behind tractor. Their length can vary, but it depends on the angle that needs to be taken into account. After. it is important to calculate and start welding the frame for mounted equipment. Thanks to the bolts on the wheel rack, the side pipes will be installed. The diameter of the bolts should be rather large, since it needs to withstand different mechanical loads.
A channel 10 is fixed on the rear section of the frame for tent equipment. The side pipes and the rear channel must have an equal length of 40 cm (square frame). Also, a handle with three so-called “knees” is attached to the frame, the length of which is 19.3-50 cm. Another lever is attached to the side of the handle, but already much larger. its length is 75 cm, and it is designed to increase the supplied efforts.
Such an adapter will become easy to ride on the ground while working on arable and virgin land. Also, if desired, an appropriate blade can be adapted to it, which is useful for clearing snow. In the front of the adapter for a walk-behind tractor, a do-it-yourself hitch is localized, which can be found on sale or mounted on your own.
Please note that the fastening of the adapter and the walk-behind tractor must be reliable. At the top, a metal post is fixed to the main pipe, on which the seat will be installed.
A tipper body serves as an additional device. To make it, you can take a box or a simple cart (country wheelbarrow). The steps for installing the body are as follows: first, the frame with the rear axle is extended, then the eyes of the bogie and the sliding frame are aligned, the pins are inserted, the bogie handle is installed on the necessary supports and secured with a corresponding lock.
As you can see, there should not be any difficulties in making an adapter for a walk-behind tractor with your own hands. All you need is the right materials. By making such an adapter, you will greatly simplify the work on the site, you will not waste a lot of effort and energy on routine complex processes in the field. In addition, you can make other attachment tools yourself. For example, a disc hiller. There is absolutely nothing complicated in creating it, but the result. just lovely! However, you will read about this in another article.
Step-by-step device assembly technology
The assembly of the structure begins with the arrangement of the running shaft. To do this, a housing with bearings is attached to it, an asterisk is welded on and overrunning clutches are mounted, which, during operation, will perform the function of a differential. After that, the structure is equipped with wheels and a frame. A telescopic rod, plow and rudder are installed on the fixed frame.
The main elements of the travel shaft: 1. shaft, 2. sprocket, 3. cover, 4. bearing housing, 5. support platform, 6. bearing 08, 7. freewheel housing, 8. dog axle, 9. dog, 10. ratchet. 11. bearing 07, 12. washers, 13. wheel, 14. pawl spring
An agricultural uniaxial tractor is equipped with special wheels, which, unlike rubber counterparts, are able to provide better traction.
These metal wheels are not clogged with earth. When in contact with the ground, they do not compact it, but rather loosen it
To connect the frame of the unit with the engine mount and the frame of the scooter itself, two arcuate pipes are used. There is a place between them for placing a fuel tank.
To equip the engine, a bracket is used, ending with a steel axle with a length of 150 mm. The bracket is welded cantilever to the U-shaped frame of the structure. A motor with a suspension is suspended on the axle itself. The assembled structure is connected to the arched arches of the frame. Only after that the secondary shaft is mounted, the control cables are pulled and the chains are tensioned.
The main elements of the control unit: 1. connecting axle, 2. strip, 3. pipe, 4. handles
Connecting elements of the structure: 1. main link, 2. control link
What is good about this particular design?
There are more than a dozen analogs of such a model, but in comparison with them, the original model of the Kaluga master walk-behind tractor has a number of indisputable advantages.
- Swivel connection. Most of these models have a rigid connection, which makes it difficult to maneuver the machine and thus make it difficult to work with it. The details of this agricultural unit are connected by means of hinges. This makes it possible to change the direction of movement during work, if necessary, without removing the plow from the furrow.
- Offset of the axis to the direction of travel. Many owners, when cultivating the soil with the use of a walk-behind tractor, faced such a difficulty that in the process of moving forward under the influence of soil resistance, the unit is pulled to the side. A lot of effort should be made to align the furrow. To compensate for such a skid, the foreman positioned the plow axis at a slight angle towards the direction of travel. When plowing, the structure is slightly turned to the left. The desired position can always be adjusted with the three link pivots.
- Level of the set plowing depth. If in other models the plowing depth is maintained by lowering or raising the plow, then when working with this walk-behind tractor, it is performed automatically. Regulation is carried out by changing the angle of the plow in relation to the furrow. The structure is equipped with a field board, which acts as a lifting force when the plow is buried. If, on the contrary, a ploughshare appears above the surface of the earth, then its angle of attack immediately increases, under the action of which it again plunges into the ground to a given depth.
We build a uniaxial tractor according to the instructions from Arkhipov
Unit design features
The device of the walk-behind tractor is a self-propelled car on two wheels, equipped with an engine removed from the VP-150M scooter. The reason for choosing this particular engine was that it has such a design solution, thanks to which forced cooling of the cylinder head with air is carried out.
Such a motor from a scooter is capable of operating at the lowest speeds at fairly high loads.
For the construction of the walk-behind tractor, the master used control cables, engine mounts, and also a double arc of the frame, handle and chain taken from the scooter. The rest of the construction details were manufactured
Separately, the designer made a U-shaped frame welded from pipes and a wheel axle turned on a lathe. He also made 3 homemade hinges for the main and control rods. They will be used as connecting elements between the walk-behind tractor itself, its steering wheel and the plow.
A steel pipe is attached to the frame of the unit by welding, ending with an axis, which is necessary to tension the cables going to the engine gearbox. The tension itself is carried out by means of a swinging rocker arm, the gearshift knob of which is a welded piece of steel pipe.
The pitch of the chains used to create the device is 12.7 mm and 15.9 mm. The number of teeth in the sprockets: output shaft. 11, output shaft. 20 and 60, travel axle. 40.
We make a uniaxial tractor with our own hands using the example of a design from Valentin Arkhipov
It is not an easy task to process a plot with a large area, where a significant part of the territory is allocated for a vegetable garden, using only improvised tools. Loosening, digging, and weeding the garden by hand takes a lot of time and effort. It’s good when there is an opportunity to purchase a single-axle tractor, which will become an indispensable assistant on the site. But to facilitate work on the ground, you can also make a single-axle tractor with your own hands.
What can you generally build on your own?
The factory-made motoblock market offers customers a fairly wide range of products for every taste. However, the for such agricultural machinery are far from being able to be mastered by many. Therefore, in vegetable gardens in rural areas, you can often find a homemade single-axle tractor, which, in terms of operational parameters, is not nearly inferior to the factory analogue.
Craftsmen most often use parts of old motorcycles and scrap metal when creating universal designs.
Morally outdated motorcycle models often serve as the basis for the manufacture of various homemade products and small-scale mechanization tools useful in the economy.
Since home-made motoblocks are often created from scrap old materials, the Druzhba saw motor, which is well-known to many, is often used as the engine of the unit.
On the basis of home-made motoblocks, craftsmen create tools that are no less important in agriculture, for example: plows, as well as hillers for hilling corn or potatoes
One of these masters is the inventor Valentin Arkhipov, who is the author of the manufacture of a number of useful devices and the construction of all kinds of household equipment.
A talented designer has created a multifunctional device with which you can not only plow and harrow the land, but also plant, huddle tuberous crops, as well as harvest and rake the tops
Therefore, when thinking over how to make a single-axle tractor with your own hands, it is better to opt for this proven and successfully applied option. Anyone can handle a simple and easy-to-use agricultural unit.
how to make a car from a walk-behind tractor with your own hands
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which will be needed for the manufacture of a walk-behind tractor
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Hinged devices for the walk-behind tractor
In order to cultivate the land and perform a number of agricultural work on a small tractor, you will need the following additional devices:
Reversible plough for a walk-behind tractor.
- Potato planters and potato diggers.
- Weeders and mowers.
- Wood splitters.
All these devices will be needed sooner or later, but most often they are used, a rake, a plow, tillers and devices for planting and collecting potatoes.
Create frame and auger
The auger and frame must be given special attention, especially if they are created independently. They are essential parts for a snow thrower. To make them you need to use:
- A sheet of metal or a box of iron to create a case.
- Steel corners 50×50 mm. They will be used to assemble the frame. 2 pieces required.
- 10mm plywood for side panels.
- Metal tube for handle 0.5 ” long.
- 3/4 inch pipe for shaft.
To make a shaft, the pipe will need to be cut through. This is needed to mount a shovel 120×270 mm. it will throw the snow to the side.
The pipe is equipped not only with a shovel, but also with rubber rings in the amount of 4 pieces. Their diameter should be 28 cm. They are cut out of rubber using a jigsaw. Bearings are placed on the tube.
In order for snow to be ejected, a pipe with a diameter of 160 mm must be used. It must be well attached to a pipe of the same diameter, and then placed on the auger body. Step-by-step instruction:
- Cut four discs out of iron.
- Divide the discs into 2 parts, bend each of them in a spiral.
- Weld disk blanks into a spiral on a pipe. This needs to be done from both sides.
- Attach bearings to the edges of the pipe.
- Make the frame from pre-prepared steel corners. They need to be welded together.
- Attach the structure to the platform on which to install the engine.
Walking tractor Review
At the bottom you need to put skis, the base of which is made of wooden blocks. The bars must be fitted with plastic pads. The snow blower is fully assembled and ready for the first check.
single-axle tractor from car parts: layout
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Homemade adapter: drawings with a description
DRAWINGS AND PHOTOS OF DIY MOTOR BLOCKS and ATTACHED EQUIPMENT (CLICK ON THE PICTURE or the name):
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Posted date: 2014-06-26 | Last changes: Author: Agathon
Homemade products for a walk-behind tractor (photo)
Recently, among small farmers and summer residents, such a semi-automatic device as a uniaxial tractor is gaining popularity. Thanks to his work, manual labor is less common in its pure form, and the volume and speed of work has increased. Some, using ingenuity and initial skills, were able to make various units for a uniaxial tractor or adapt it to perform additional types of agricultural work. As a rule, in a run-off state, this unit by itself is intended only for plowing or loosening the earth. But some with their own hands managed to adapt it for mowing grass, like a mini tractor, seeder or snowmobile. Let’s look at some ideas in this article.
How to make a hiller?
The simplest homemade attachment is the hiller. To assemble this device, you will need the following tools and materials:
- 2 disks of the same size, made of durable metal. They can be made independently, or taken from an old seeder.
- Bolts, nuts, metal axles and washers, plain bearings.
- T-shaped metal frame.
- Racks. 2 pieces.
- To correctly adjust the angle of rotation of the discs, you need to purchase screw lanyards.
Adapters are located in the center of the discs, with their help, they are attached to the frame. Racks should ideally be mounted on such devices so that the distance between the discs can be adjusted in the future. The rest of the parts are assembled by welding and bolting.
Single stage model
According to the principle of operation, snow removal devices can be divided into two-stage and one-stage. The scheme of operation of a single-stage apparatus is to “absorb” and dump snow. This is achieved by rotating the auger.
The working edge on the device is smooth and serrated. Smooth is usually used to remove loose snow, and jagged is suitable for hard crust that has iced over overnight.
The auger is powered by a gasoline or electric motor, which can be either four-stroke or two-stroke. These machines have become very popular due to their easy handling. Also, the positive aspects include their compactness.
The unit is designed slightly differently from the previous model. The first stage of the design provides snow shoveling with a screw. The second stage will chute out the snow. This is achieved with the help of a snow rotor, which acts as a discharge impeller.
Such models are arranged according to the principle of a helical shaft with a serrated or smooth edge. Augers are executed:
- in metal or rubber version;
- reinforced steel;
- from rubber-plastic.
The choice will depend on the purpose of the self-propelled vehicle.
The impeller on the two-stage model can have 3 or 6 blades. They are made from a variety of materials, depending on the severity of the work to be done with the unit. The more difficult the work, the harder it is to choose the material.
In the manufacture, you can use plastic or metal. Metal is usually used for larger areas, while plastic is suitable for cleaning small areas.
homemade models from a walk-behind tractor and an electric motor
Homemade snow blowers are popular among owners of summer cottages and private houses. And this is not at all surprising, since each owner of his site in the winter almost daily independently removes his territory from snow. This can be done manually with a shovel, or you can make a do-it-yourself snow blower to make the job easier.
DIY mini tractor from a walk-behind tractor!
Many often ask the question: how to make a more functional and easy-to-use unit out of your walk-behind tractor? The specialists of our service center will try to explain all the nuances of converting a walk-behind tractor into a motor-tractor, but first, let’s figure out what a single-axle tractor is.
Motoblocks, which are essentially light two-wheeled tractors, have become excellent helpers for the villagers. With their help, they cultivate the land, plant and harvest potatoes, harvest hay, transport goods, and in winter they clear snow. These functional units have an affordable cost and many advantages, but they have one serious disadvantage, difficult operation for a beginner and tedious work for a specialist. In response to this problem, from the beginning, enthusiasts, and then industrial enterprises, began to produce kits for converting motoblocks into tractors.
At the moment, there are several types of whale kits on the market, they are different in design and are designed for different types of motoblocks. For an uninitiated person, it is quite difficult to figure it out, so we decided to write an article that will help in choosing. To begin with, just look at the needs of buyers and identify the foundations for choosing, and then we will consider technical solutions for converting a walk-behind tractor into a tractor. There are two types of walk-behind tractors, with an air-cooled engine and a water-cooled engine, respectively, and the kit must be selected for the type of walk-behind tractor.
To simplify the group of light motoblocks, we will present models from the Forte company, since it is they who are most often converted into a motorcycle tractor. The easiest way is to buy a towing adapter. It is suitable for both light and heavy motoblocks, this is the most affordable way to get your single-axle tractor with four wheels. Such an adapter is attached to the back of the walk-behind tractor through a trailing unit, turns are carried out using the handles of the walk-behind tractor due to the hinge located in the area of connection of the adapter with the walk-behind tractor.
The main drawback of such an adapter is the impossibility of using attachments that require a drive, therefore such an assembly can hardly be called a full-fledged motorized tractor.
Adapters with a steering wheel will be more functional, they can be divided into three types:
- rear adapters without propeller shaft
- rear adapter with propeller shaft
- front adapter
The simplest and most affordable solution for light motoblocks is to buy a front adapter with a steering wheel. Rear-mounted motor and gearbox allow for driven attachments
KIT kits for converting a heavy walk-behind tractor into a mini tractor.
Conversion kits for heavy motoblocks are divided into 2 groups.
- KIT with natural gearbox position.
- KIT with deployed gearbox.
A kit for heavy motoblocks, in which the gearbox is in a natural position, in fact, when converted into a motorcycle tractor, the box is simply rolled into the frame. Our experts note such advantages in this design, a flat plane under the seat, a convenient gearbox movement, the milling cutter is connected to the fasteners provided by the factory, as well as the possibility of converting it back into a single-axle tractor. In our opinion, the disadvantage of this design is the low lifting capacity of the lifting mechanism, which is very important for a motorcycle tractor.
A whale set and with an unfolded gearbox, as an example, we will examine a set produced by Chp Kryuchkov, when reworked, the box turns. The advantage of this design is the versatile rear lift with high lifting capacity and the ergonomic position of the gear lever. The disadvantage of such a construct is a relatively complex cutter drive mechanism.
Despite the availability of various options, there is another important factor in the choice, this is the quality of workmanship and the general thoughtfulness of the design, when choosing a particular kit, this is a decisive factor when buying a kit for converting a walk-behind tractor into a motor-tractor. For those who have not quite figured out the kits for converting a walk-behind tractor into a tractor, we suggest you get acquainted with the video, we would also be very interested to know your opinion about each type of whale kits. Share your opinions under the video, give recommendations if we missed a certain type from the field of view, and also ask your questions.