What Kind Of Oil Is Poured Into The Tiller
Choosing the best oil for a tiller and learning to change it correctly: in the gearbox, engine
During the operation of the tiller, the engine is exposed to a large load and engine oil is used to protect it from premature wear. The tool is different in chemical composition and properties, therefore it is used according to the classification.
What kind of oil to pour into the tiller
As a rule, in the instructions for motor vehicles, the manufacturer indicates which brand of engine oil and in what volume it is better to use. If there are no such recommendations, the agent is chosen according to the following characteristics:
The SAE parameter indicates the viscosity grade of the substance and consists of an alphanumeric abbreviation, where the letter "W" indicates the possibility of use at low temperatures. The number in front of it indicates the viscosity at negative values of the thermometer, and the numbers after the "dash". at positive values. These indicators characterize how easy the liquid will be pumped through the system and how quickly it will reach the surfaces of rubbing parts, preventing them from dry friction.
The API parameter divides the lubricant into categories C and S in terms of performance. Category C includes products intended for four-stroke diesel engines, which are air-cooled, and category S for gasoline engines. Therefore, when choosing a fluid, you should definitely pay attention to this marking, since for a diesel and carburetor engine it has a different composition.
The ACEA parameter classifies the oil in terms of HT (viscosity at elevated temperatures) / HS (shear rate), which indicates how energy-efficient the lubricant is. The higher this value, the better it protects engine components from wear. It is recommended to pour a substance with a high mPas value into a tractor, mini-tractor, as well as heavy Tileri Neva, designed for heavy loads.
Below are the types of machine lubrication that are the most optimal in terms of their characteristics for a cultivator or tiller. Of course, they can be used if there are no special recommendations from the equipment manufacturer and in accordance with the S and C markings. So, these are oils:
- 5w30, 5w40. all-season, which can be poured into motor vehicles at an ambient temperature of at least 25 ° C;
- 10w30, 10w40. with anti-corrosion properties;
- 15w40, 20w40. designed for filling into the engine at a temperature of 45 ° C and above.
- 0w30, 0w40. created for winter use;
- MIL-L. designed for military vehicles and can be used on tillers with diesel (code 2104) and carburetor (code 46152) types.
Double-marked grease (SG / CD, SF / CC) can be poured into any engine, as it is universal and equally suitable for both diesel and engines (for example, a Texas cultivator) operating on gasoline. Among the variety of lubricating products, the most popular is the product produced under the brands Mobil, Castrol, ZIC, Shell Helix. To improve the action and improve the quality, additives are added to it. Oil Additiv, BIZOL, Cera Tec and others. They can be used at ambient temperatures from 25 ° C to 25 ° C.
How to change the oil
In order for motor vehicles to function smoothly and serve for a long time, it is necessary to periodically change the lubricant in the gearbox and engine. The first time this is done after running in, and then after every 50-100 hours of motor vehicle operation (and with intense loads, it will be necessary to “fill in” even more often), unless otherwise indicated by the manufacturer.
Changing the oil in the gearbox
Any gear oil is used to lubricate the gearbox, for example, TAD-17, TAP-15V or with other markings in accordance with GOST 23652-79. Before filling it, check for the presence of old fluid, if necessary, change it. Pre-check the volume of the tank. Testing in tiller models such as the Neva is carried out as follows:
- The equipment is placed on a horizontal surface so that there is access to the gearbox, and it itself is in an inclined position (this will make it more convenient to pour the product);
- Insert a probe into the hole on the gearbox (it can be a metal rod 65-70 cm long, bent into an arc) and measure the level of the substance with it.
If the dipstick immersed in the gearbox is 30 cm in the liquid, then there is no need to fill it additionally. For other results, the lubricant must be added to the gearbox to the correct level. A completely dry gearbox will require at least 2 liters of lubricant.
Changing the engine oil
The procedure for replacing the lubricant in the motor is as follows:
- The motor vehicle engine is started and warmed up;
- Tiller is installed on an elevated horizontal surface;
- Open the drain hole of the tank to drain the contents into a separate container, and then close tightly;
- Pour a new agent through the filling hole, controlling its level with a dipstick;
- Wipe the drain and fill holes with a dry cloth, carefully removing the remaining lubricant.
Engine oil is not cheap, but you should not save on it, as well as on fuel. Only original and high quality grease should be poured, since the performance of the tiller, as well as the durability of its mechanisms, will depend on it. Only a high-quality product with correctly selected parameters will be able to provide the most useful effect and ensure minimal wear of the internal engine parts. The instruction is suitable for such tillers as: shtenli (shtenli), Patriot, tarpan, cascade, hoper, agate, oka, ray, mtz.
How much to fill?
Another important point is the amount of oil required. Before answering the question. how much oil needs to be poured into the tiller gearbox, for example, Crossser, Viking, Forza, Sadko, Don, Huter, Profi, Plowman, Champion, Carver, you must first check the oil level in the gearbox. To do this, you need to perform certain actions:
- It is necessary to place the tiller on a flat surface so that its wings are strictly parallel to this surface.
- We take a wire or rod about 70 cm long, which will act as an oil dipstick.
- We bend the improvised probe into an arc.
- We insert the resulting probe into the filler hole to the very end, i.E. All the way. After that we take it back out.
If the gearbox is dry at all, then at least two liters of transmission oil will be needed.
How to fill oil in a tiller gearbox
Before pouring new oil into the gearbox, the old fluid must be drained. It is in this way that the oil in the gearbox of the Salute tiller, which can be found on the Internet, as well as other tiller models, is changed.
The algorithm of actions, in this case, will be as follows:
- The tiller must be installed on a hill so that you can easily drain the oil from the gearbox.
- There are two plugs on the gearbox. a drain plug, which is located at the bottom of the gearbox, and a plug that closes the oil filling hole. First we unscrew the filler plug, which is located on top of the tiller body (at the checkpoint).
- We take a sufficiently capacious container (an old bottle of transmission oil is suitable), after which we substitute it under the drain plug of the gearbox.
- Carefully unscrew the drain plug, after which the oil will begin to flow into our container. After waiting for the oil to drain completely, screw the drain plug back. Then we tighten with a spanner wrench of a suitable diameter until it stops.
- We insert the funnel into the filling hole. Then we take a suitable gear oil in order to fill the gearbox.
- Having filled the reducer to the optimal level, we screw the plug back. This plug is equipped with a special dipstick, and its length is about 10 cm. After we have filled in the oil, we need to check its level. To do this, we twist this plug-probe, after which we unscrew it again and check.
- If the oil is at the tip of this dipstick, then you no longer need to top up.
As a rule, the oil change procedure should be performed every 100 hours of tiller operation. In some cases, this procedure must be performed every 50 hours.
In other words, the frequency of oil change depends on the model of the tiller, therefore all the necessary information is in the accompanying documentation for the tiller.
Transmission oils for filling in gasoline and diesel tillers
As for the gearbox, gear oils must be used to fill it. For example, semi-synthetic oil ZIC 10W40, designed for gasoline and diesel tillers, would be a good choice. API indicator. SM / CF, ACEA. A3 / B3, A3 / B4, C3.
Another worthy oil is Super T-3 85W-90 from Gazpromneft. Its technical data will be as follows:
- API indicator. GL-5;
- Viscosity grade. 85W90;
- Temperature indicator of loss of fluidity –.280C;
- Flash point. 2170C;
- Packing length. 270 mm;
- Packing width. 130 mm;
- Packaging height. 240 mm.
This gear oil is also supplied in a 4-liter container, the cost of which is approximately 600 rubles.
This is not the whole list of oils that can be poured into the tiller gearbox. In principle, anyone who is familiar with the basic parameters of the oil can independently determine what is needed for his tiller.
The reducer is a special device included in the design of any tiller. It is this part that is responsible for converting and transmitting the torque that is generated from mechanical transmissions. In fact, the gearbox drives the tiller, making it work.
The service life of the entire tiller, as well as its normal functioning, will depend on its quality, as well as on the correct lubrication of its components.
For more information about the reducer, see:
Depending on the model of the tiller, be it a Cayman, Patriot Ural, Patriot, Texas, Foreman or some other, the gearboxes may differ in some design features. Conventionally, gearboxes can be divided into several types:
- Angle reducers. Such units are quite effective, they allow you to dock the engine and transmission.
- Gear reducers. In this case, the gearbox transmission acts as a kind of intermediary between the engine and the wheelbase of the tiller.
- Reducing gears. These units achieve an increase in power indicators, reducing the total number of revolutions. Such gearboxes are the most preferable because they have an air cooling system in their design, allowing them to work at maximum loads.
- Reverse gearboxes. The main advantage of such gearboxes is the ability to reverse the tiller. However, units equipped with this type of gearbox do not show high performance and speeds.
Regardless of which gearbox is used in the tiller design, they all consist of almost the same components:
- Reducer housing;
- Flange and its fastening;
- Pulley with V-belt transmission (or chain);
- Ball bearing;
- Drain plug;
- Steel washer and nut;
- Input shaft.
These components traditionally form the gear unit itself. Their performance and service life will depend on how well they are lubricated.
Otherwise, with insufficient lubrication, the parts will wear out a lot, because they come into contact with each other during operation, and the resulting friction negatively affects their surface.
Changing the oil in the tiller: what and how much to fill in the gearbox
The presence of a tiller in a personal household can hardly surprise anyone, because this technical device has been known since Soviet times. Thanks to him, it became possible to quickly and high-quality cultivation of the soil, which previously took quite a long time, and also took a lot of effort.
However, in order for your tiller, as they say, to serve you faithfully, regularly plowing the land and performing its other functions, you need to use it correctly.
In principle, all the necessary information, as a rule, is indicated in the operating instructions for a particular tiller model, where the brands and grades of the recommended oils are directly indicated.
However, there are times when a tiller is purchased from the hands, or in another way, but the point is that such tillers are supplied mainly without any instructions.
A person may be at a loss, not knowing what kind of oil is poured into the tiller‘s gearbox, so it will be useful for him to know about its main types, as well as the methods of pouring into the tiller.
What kind of oil is poured
Many people are interested in what kind of oil to fill in the tiller gearbox? To answer this question, several factors must be taken into account, the main of which is the manufacturer’s recommendation regarding the type of oil.
You also need to be guided by the price without buying very cheap liquids, because they are unlikely to be of proper quality.
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In general, oils can be of various types:
- SAE. These types of oils cope very well with sudden changes in temperature, so they can be used all year round.
- The selection process is as follows: you need to look at the number that is in front of the letter W. a lower value will indicate that the oil is very well adapted to low temperatures (the smallest is 0W). If the letter W is not on the label, then this oil is suitable for the summer period.
- API. In this case, the letters in the marking will indicate the type of engine. gasoline or diesel. Accordingly, a certain letter will say that the oil is suitable for gasoline units, and the other for diesel.
- The numbers will speak of the engine variety, i.E. Number 4 means oil should be used for 4-stroke engine, etc. The EC value is the degree to which energy is saved, i.E. The higher the value, the better the oil.
- ASEA. The largest number in the labeling will indicate that the oil can function in very difficult conditions.
- GOST 17479, 1-85. These indicators characterize the degree of oil viscosity. As a rule, after this parameter, alphabetic and numeric values are written, and their absence indicates that the oil is universal.
What kind of oil to pour into the tiller engine
In order for the tiller to work flawlessly for a long time, it must be properly maintained and operated. Oil. This is a key factor in keeping the engine running. What kind of oil to pour into the tiller’s engine let’s try to figure it out on this page of the site.
The most correct recommendation for the selection of oil will be the recommendation of the engine manufacturer for the tiller. Therefore, we will familiarize ourselves with the operating instructions of the main engine manufacturers for the tillers and provide excerpts from the instructions.
The choice of engine oil, like any other type of oil, depends on two main parameters. the operating category and the viscosity class.
OIL GRADE CLASSIFICATION API classification by service category (American Petroleum Institute). For more details see here
VISCOSITY CLASSIFICATION SAE (Society of Automotive and Transportation Engineers) classification. See more here
Winter. with the letter W (Winter). Oils meeting these categories are low-viscosity and are used in winter. SAE 0W, 5W, 10W, 15W, 20W, 25W
Summer. no letter designation. Oils meeting these categories are highly viscous and are used in summer. SAE 20, 30, 40, 50, 60.
All-season. At the moment, the most widespread are universal oils, which are used both in winter and summer.
Such oils are designated by a combination of winter and summer series: 5W-30, 10W-40
Use an oil with a lower SAE number (less viscous) in winter and in summer. Higher value oil (more viscous).
The multi-viscosity grade oil offers comprehensive stability under seasonal and temperature variations. For example, SAE 10W-30 oil is suitable for multigrade use. At low temperatures, it is equivalent in viscosity to SAE 10W oil, and during operation it has the same lubricating properties as SAE 30.
Manufacturer’s Recommended Tiller Engine Oil.
|Tiller engine make||Manufacturer’s Recommended Engine Oil|
|Robin Subaru (Subaru)||SAE 10W-30. in temperate climates||SAE 5W-30. in cold regions||Automotive engine oil; class SE or higher (SG, SH or SJ recommended)|
|Honda (honda)||SAE 10W-30 is recommended for use at all temperatures. If you wish to use seasonal oil, select the appropriate viscosity grade based on the average temperature in your area.||SG, SF.|
|Lifan (Lifan)||SAE-30||SAE-10W-30. All-season|
|Briggs Stratton (brigs)||Briggs Stratton recommends the use of synthetic oil when operating in temperatures below 0 ° C. If you do not have synthetic oil, you can use Briggs Stratton 10W-30 non-synthetic oil part number 998208 Note: Synthetic oil that meets the ILSAC GF-2 certification mark, API and API service symbol labeled “SJ / CF ENERGY CONSERVING” and above, can apply at any temperature. Change the synthetic oil according to the normal schedule. Air-cooled engines heat up faster than car engines. Using a non-synthetic thickened oil (5W-30, 10W-30, etc.) at temperatures above 4 ° C will result in high oil consumption. If using such oil, check the oil level more often.||SF, SG, SH, SJ or above|
|DM-1-01 (JSC Kaluga Engine)||М63 / 12Г1 or М53 / 10Г1 GOST 10541-78, oil meeting API requirements: SF; SG; SH and SAE: 10W30; 15W30|
|DM-1K Instruction from OJSC "Red October"||M10GI, M12GI TU 38.10148-85 M63 / 12G1 or M53 / 10G1 GOST 10541-78,|
|Cascade MB-6||Motor oil M-5z / 10G1, M-6z / 12G1 GOST 10541-78 (It is allowed to use motor oils for carburetor engines according to SAE classification in accordance with recommendations for use at various ambient temperatures. Mixing of mineral and synthetic oils is not allowed.)|
Engines of these brands are installed on almost all currently produced tillers such as Neva, MTZ, Salyut, Kaskad, OKA, Ugra, Celina, Tarpan, Agat, Favorit, MKM and many others.
Motors of such well-known companies are tested and tested on the specified oils, therefore the result of operation in accordance with the recommendations of the manufacturers will be the best. The use of engine oil of the specified grade and viscosity will significantly extend the life of the engine and improve its performance. Using too little or too little oil can lead to serious problems including engine seizure.
Manufacturers recommend not using oil with additives for 2-stroke engines, as it does not contain enough lubricant, which reduces engine life.
In general gasoline engines, use only SE, SF, SG engine oils.
Categories of motor oils for gasoline engines
|SA||For low stress applications where no additives are required|
|SB||For use in the medium stress range. It features low oxidation properties, stable lubricating properties, protects motors from wear and prevents corrosion of bearings.|
|SC||For use in gasoline engines manufactured in the period 1964-1967 by G. And not equipped with a PCV system. Minimizes deposit formation over a wide temperature range as well as engine wear and corrosion.|
|SD||For use in gasoline engines produced between 1968-1971, equipped with a PCV system. Compared to SC category, better reduces deposit formation over a wide temperature range, engine wear and corrosion.|
|SE||For use in gasoline engines manufactured after 1972 Compared to SD category, better resists deposit formation over a wide temperature range, reduces engine wear and corrosion.|
|SF||For use in gasoline engines manufactured after 1980 Compared to SE category, better in inhibiting the formation of deposits over a wide temperature range, reduces engine wear and corrosion.|
|SG||It was launched in 1988. Its characteristics are comparable to the oil of the SF category and is distinguished by additional quality improvements.|
|SH||Highest category of motor oils introduced since 1992.|
Categories of engine oils for diesel engines
|CA||For low to medium stress applications in engines fueled by low sulfur diesel fuel. Reduces bearing corrosion and deposit formation at high temperatures, but not suitable for high stress conditions.|
|CB||For low to medium mechanical stress applications in engines fueled with high sulfur diesel fuel. Compared to CA category, it additionally reduces corrosion of bearings and other engine parts.|
|CC||For use under medium to high mechanical stress in uncharged and turbocharged engines. It is sometimes used in gasoline engines operating under extremely high loads. Reduces the formation of deposits at high temperatures (and in gasoline engines. And at low temperatures) and corrosion of bearings and other engine parts.|
|CD||For use in high-speed, supercharged and turbocharged engines. Reduces high temperature deposit formation and corrosion of bearings and other engine parts.|
We provide information on the oils used from the website of the manufacturer of tillers and cultivators of the Patriot (Patriot) brand
Patriot engine oil for 4-stroke engines (information from the official website)
Special high quality engine oil for use in modern four-stroke gasoline and diesel engines with air and water cooling installed on lawn mowers, cultivators, generators, tillers, mini tractors and other equipment.
Enhanced additives reliably protect the engine under extremely severe operating conditions, providing excellent antiwear, anti-corrosion properties and extending the oil resource before changing it.
Specially formulated to provide oil film stability.
1.Prevention of the formation of carbon deposits, varnish deposits and sludge;
2. Cooling of pistons, crankshaft bearings and other engine parts;
3. The most effective protection of the engine against wear during cold start;
4. Reduction of noise during engine operation;
5. Extension of engine life;
7. Flawless engine cleanliness.
WE RECOMMEND TO CHANGE THE ENGINE OIL AFTER THE FIRST 5 HOURS OF OPERATION. CHANGE THE ENGINE OIL ONCE A SEASON OR AFTER 25 OR 50 HOURS, DEPENDING ON THE TILLER’S WORKING CONDITIONS.
|4-stroke semi-synthetic oil Expert. Special all-season semi-synthetic engine oil for use in modern four-stroke gasoline and diesel engines. The use of the latest additive packages allows you to reliably protect the engine under extremely severe operating conditions. The oil has excellent antiwear, anti-corrosion and energy-saving properties.||4-stroke semi-synthetic oil Specific. Special all-season semi-synthetic engine oil for use in modern four-stroke gasoline and diesel engines. The use of the latest additive packages allows you to reliably protect the engine under extremely severe operating conditions. The oil has excellent antiwear, anti-corrosion and energy-saving properties.||Supreme 4-stroke mineral oil. Special high quality performance engine oil for use in modern four-stroke gasoline and diesel engines with air and water cooling. Enhanced additives reliably protect the engine under extremely severe operating conditions, providing excellent antiwear, anti-corrosion properties and extending the oil resource before changing it.|
Tiller engine oil change intervals
|Briggs Stratton (brigs)||First 5 hours. Change oil. Every 8 hours or daily. Check the oil level. Every 50 hours or every season. Change oil.|
|Honda Lifan (Lifan)||Checking the oil level. With every use. Oil change. The first month or after 20 hours of work, thereafter. Every 6 months or after 100 hours of operation|
|Robin Subaru (Subaru)||Checking the level and adding engine oil. Each time the engine is used (add oil to the maximum mark). Engine oil change: First change after 20 hours of operation; afterwards. Every 100 hours of operation|
A few more recommendations from manufacturers regarding the use of oil in engines of tillers and cultivators:
- Check the oil level with the engine on a horizontal surface, wait for it to drain into the crankcase.
- When changing oil, drain it on a hot engine by unscrewing the drain and filling caps
- Do not use additives and additives in the oil
- Dispose of used oil in a way that does not harm the environment, do not dump it on the ground, do not throw it in the trash can, the best option is to take the oil in a closed container to your local recycling center.
Please note that there are engines that have a built-in additional gearbox, which also requires periodic oil changes. Here is an excerpt from a Honda engine user manual:
Diesel Tiller Oil
Tiller, like any technical device, requires careful use and periodic maintenance. Oil is a key factor in ensuring proper engine performance. But you need to figure out the oils, their types, replacement features and possible problems.
What oil is better for pouring into a tiller diesel engine?
Naturally, the most correct recommendation is exactly the option that is indicated in the operating instructions. You should carefully study the document and follow the described points.
But if the necessary information was not obtained, one should understand the species presented on the market today. According to the classification of the American Petroleum Institute, according to operational categories, diesel engine oils are divided into classes such as:
- API СJ-4. It was created specifically for powerful devices of 10-12 liters. S., which are constantly exposed to serious stress. The oil is fully compliant with the current NOx and particulate matter regulations for 2007 engines. It should be noted that limits are introduced for CJ-4 oils according to certain indicators: ash content less than 1.0%, sulfur 0.4%, phosphorus 0.12%;
- API CI-4. This type is relevant for engines with various types of pressurization and injection. It is distinguished by its increased resistance to thermal oxidation and is known for its high desperging properties;
- API CH-4. This oil is used for four-stroke diesel engines. It fully complies with the strictest requirements of American and European manufacturers. The oil is less sensitive to fuels containing more than 0.5% sulfur, which is its significant advantage;
- API CF-2. This option is ideal for tillers with two-stroke engines operating in difficult conditions. The oil contains additives that protect internal engine parts from rapid wear;
- API CA. Suitable for a tiller running on low-sulfur diesel fuel (low and medium voltage, not suitable for high mechanical stresses). Protects against the formation of harmful deposits;
- API CВ. Ideal for engines running on sour fuel. Significantly reduces the possibility of bearing corrosion;
- API CС. The oil is suitable for turbocharged engines without superchargers. Withstands high voltages and is a reliable protector for parts.
If you classify the specified substances by viscosity (SAE), you can display all the features on a special diagram and briefly supplement it with the following information:
- The letter "W" denotes those types of oils that can be used in harsh winter conditions (SAE 0W, 5W, 10W, 15W, 20W, 25W);
- The absence of lettering is accompanied by highly viscous species that are ideal for summer (SAE 20, 30, 40, 50, 60);
- All-season are the most common and versatile, therefore they are indicated by a double combination (5W-30, 10W-40, etc.).
Often, oils for winter and summer are marked with different numerical values, in winter with a lower (increased viscosity), and in summer with a higher one. Oil for diesel tillers with and without air cooling should be selected according to viscosity, because if you make the wrong choice, the lubricant will burn and remain on the cylinder.
Oil change: how to do it right
First, check the oil level by unscrewing the filler plug of the engine crankcase. An important point: there should be an oil trace between the maximum and minimum mark on the dipstick, and if it is absent, it should be moistened to the middle.
The replacement procedure is quite simple:
- To begin with, you should place the tiller in a horizontal position;
- Then you need to remove the plug on the drain tank (you can use a screwdriver);
- The next step is to patiently drain the entire contents of the tank into a container with a volume of at least 2 liters (the process takes 15-20 minutes) and tighten the cap;
- Now you can very carefully fill in fresh oil up to a certain mark without spilling it.
An important fact: in recently purchased chillers, on engines with and without air cooling, the oil must be changed after the first 5 hours of operation, in the future this procedure should be carried out after every 25 hours of operation. Experienced owners of the specified equipment carry out the process before each spring.
For what reasons a diesel tiller takes a lot of oil?
Sometimes situations arise when the tiller’s work does not go as smoothly as desired. Among the reasons for this problem are:
- Malfunction of the PCV system causing oil to be sucked back into the engine. To get rid of the trouble, the PCV valve should be replaced;
- Mechanical problems can also cause excessive oil absorption. It is necessary to check the compression, because because of its poor performance, the oil may not enter the combustion chamber, but simply “disappear” along with the fuel;
- Preexisting problems with a destroyed catalytic converter can also be the cause. It is possible that dust and particles of the scattered catalyst got into the combustion chamber and led to mechanical damage to the cylinders. The solution is to replace the cylinders;
- Worn valve seals allow oil to easily seep through the engine, so check them carefully if necessary.
The tiller’s engine is the "heart" of the device, therefore, the choice of oil and its maintenance should be taken with the utmost seriousness, then the unit will "thank" the caring owner with a long service and a minimum number of malfunctions.